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Space Groups for Solid State Scientists

Space Groups for Solid State Scientists
  • Author : Michael Glazer,Gerald Burns
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-03
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9780123946157
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Summary : This comprehensively revised – essentially rewritten – new edition of the 1990 edition (described as "extremely useful" by MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS and as "understandable and comprehensive" by Scitech) guides readers through the dense array of mathematical information in the International Tables Volume A. Thus, most scientists seeking to understand a crystal structure publication can do this from this book without necessarily having to consult the International Tables themselves. This remains the only book aimed at non-crystallographers devoted to teaching them about crystallographic space groups. Reflecting the bewildering array of recent changes to the International Tables, this new edition brings the standard of science well up-to-date, reorganizes the logical order of chapters, improves diagrams and presents clearer explanations to aid understanding Clarifies, condenses and simplifies the meaning of the deeply written, complete Tables of Crystallography into manageable chunks Provides a detailed, multi-factor, interdisciplinary explanation of how to use the International Tables for a number of possible, hitherto unexplored uses Presents essential knowledge to those needing the necessary but missing pedagogical support and detailed advice – useful for instance in symmetry of domain walls in solids

Exam Prep for: Space Groups for Solid State Scientists

Exam Prep for: Space Groups for Solid State Scientists
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Point Groups, Space Groups, Crystals, Molecules

Point Groups, Space Groups, Crystals, Molecules
  • Author : R Mirman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-05-14
  • Total pages :744
  • ISBN : 9789813105362
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Summary : This book is by far the most comprehensive treatment of point and space groups, and their meaning and applications. Its completeness makes it especially useful as a text, since it gives the instructor the flexibility to best fit the class and goals. The instructor, not the author, decides what is in the course. And it is the prime book for reference, as material is much more likely to be found in it than in any other book; it also provides detailed guides to other sources. Much of what is taught is folklore, things everyone knows are true, but (almost?) no one knows why, or has seen proofs, justifications, rationales or explanations. (Why are there 14 Bravais lattices, and why these? Are the reasons geometrical, conventional or both? What determines the Wigner–Seitz cells? How do they affect the number of Bravais lattices? Why are symmetry groups relevant to molecules whose vibrations make them unsymmetrical? And so on). Here these analyses are given, interrelated, and in-depth. The understanding so obtained gives a strong foundation for application and extension. Assumptions and restrictions are not merely made explicit, but also emphasized. In order to provide so much information, details and examples, and ways of helping readers learn and understand, the book contains many topics found nowhere else, or only in obscure articles from the distant past. The treatment is (often completely) different from those elsewhere. At least in the explanations, and usually in many other ways, the book is completely new and fresh. It is designed to inform, educate and make the reader think. It strongly emphasizes understanding. The book can be used at many levels, by many different classes of readers — from those who merely want brief explanations (perhaps just of terminology), who just want to skim, to those who wish the most thorough understanding. Request Inspection Copy

Foundations of Crystallography with Computer Applications

Foundations of Crystallography with Computer Applications
  • Author : Maureen M. Julian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-05
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781420060768
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Summary : X-ray crystallography provides a unique opportunity to study the arrangement of atoms in a molecule. This book's modern computer-graphics centered approach facilitates the extrapolation of these valuable observations. A unified treatment of crystal systems, the book explains how atoms are arranged in crystals using the metric matrix. Featuring t

The Mathematical Theory of Symmetry in Solids

The Mathematical Theory of Symmetry in Solids
  • Author : Christopher Bradley,Arthur Cracknell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :745
  • ISBN : 9780199582587
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Summary : This classic book gives, in extensive tables, the irreducible representations of the crystallographic point groups and space groups. These are useful in studying the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of a particle or quasi-particle in a crystalline solid. The theory is extended to the corepresentations of the Shubnikov groups.

Pharmaceutical Crystallography

Pharmaceutical Crystallography
  • Author : Andrew Bond
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-24
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9781782629665
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Summary : The pharmaceutical industry has become acutely aware of the importance of the solid state, but pharmaceutical scientists often lack specific training in topics related to solid-state structure and crystallography. This book provides needed support in this topical area. Taking an intuitive and informal approach to solid-state structure and crystallographic concepts, this book is written for anyone who needs a clear understanding of modern crystallography, with specific reference to small-molecule pharmaceutical solids. The author describes molecular crystals and crystal structures, symmetry, space groups, single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction techniques and the analysis and interpretation of crystallographic data. Useful technical details are presented where necessary and case studies from the pharmaceutical literature put theory into a practical context. Written by an internationally leading figure and with its focus on molecular crystals, this book is equally applicable to chemists with a need to understand and apply X-ray crystal-structure determination.

Site Symmetry in Crystals

Site Symmetry in Crystals
  • Author : Robert A. Evarestov,Vyacheslav P. Smirnov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : 9783642604881
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Summary : Site Symmetry in Crystals is the first comprehensive account of the group-theoretical aspects of the site (local) symmetry approach to the study of crystalline solids. The efficiency of this approach, which is based on the concepts of simple induced and band representations of space groups, is demonstrated by considering newly developed applications to electron surface states, point defects, symmetry analysis in lattice dynamics, the theory of second-order phase transitions, and magnetically ordered and non-rigid crystals. Tables of simple induced respresentations are given for the 24 most common space groups, allowing the rapid analysis of electron and phonon states in complex crystals with many atoms in the unit cell.

A Journey into Reciprocal Space

A Journey into Reciprocal Space
  • Author : A.M. Glazer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-16
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9781681746227
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Summary : The concept of reciprocal space is over 100 years old, and has been of particular use by crystallographers in order to understand the patterns of spots when x-rays are diffracted by crystals. However, it has a much more general use, especially in the physics of the solid state. In order to understand what it is, how to construct it and how to make use of it, it is first necessary to start with the so-called real or direct space and then show how reciprocal space is related to it. Real space describes the objects we see around us, especially with regards to crystals, their physical shapes and symmetries and the arrangements of atoms within: the so-called crystal structure. Reciprocal space on the other hand deals with the crystals as seen through their diffraction images. Indeed, crystallographers are accustomed to working backwards from the diffraction images to the crystal structures, which we call crystal structure solution. In solid state physics, one usually works the other way, starting with reciprocal space to explain various solid-state properties, such as thermal and electrical phenomena. In this book, I start with the crystallographer's point of view of real and reciprocal space and then proceed to develop this in a form suitable for physics applications. Note that while for the crystallographer reciprocal space is a handy means of dealing with diffraction, for the solid-state physicist it is thought of as a way to describe the formation and motion of waves, in which case the physicist thinks of reciprocal space in terms of momentum or wave-vector k-space. This is because, for periodic structures, a characteristic of normal crystals, elementary quantum excitations, e.g. phonons and electrons, can be described both as particles and waves. The treatment given here, will be by necessity brief, but I would hope that this will suffice to lead the reader to build upon the concepts described. I have tried to write this book in a suitable form for both undergraduate and graduate students of what today we call "condensed matter physics."

Symmetry Relationships Between Crystal Structures

Symmetry Relationships Between Crystal Structures
  • Author : Ulrich Müller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-04
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9780199669950
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Summary : The book presents the basic information needed to understand and to organize the huge amount of known structures of crystalline solids. Its basis is crystallographic group theory (space group theory), with special emphasis on the relations between the symmetry properties of crystals.

Crystallography of Quasicrystals

Crystallography of Quasicrystals
  • Author : Steurer Walter,Sofia Deloudi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-26
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9783642018992
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Summary : From tilings to quasicrystal structures and from surfaces to the n-dimensional approach, this book gives a full, self-contained in-depth description of the crystallography of quasicrystals. It aims not only at conveying the concepts and a precise picture of the structures of quasicrystals, but it also enables the interested reader to enter the field of quasicrystal structure analysis. Going beyond metallic quasicrystals, it also describes the new, dynamically growing field of photonic quasicrystals. The readership will be graduate students and researchers in crystallography, solid-state physics, materials science, solid- state chemistry and applied mathematics.

Physical Properties of Crystals

Physical Properties of Crystals
  • Author : J. F. Nye,Professor Physics Laboratory J F Nye
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985
  • Total pages :329
  • ISBN : 0198511655
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Summary : Gives a unified and systematic presentation of the tensor properties of crystals, and explains their common mathematical basis and the thermodynamical relations between them.

Condensed Matter Physics

Condensed Matter Physics
  • Author : Michael P. Marder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-17
  • Total pages :984
  • ISBN : 9780470949948
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Summary : Now updated—the leading single-volume introduction to solid state and soft condensed matter physics This Second Edition of the unified treatment of condensed matter physics keeps the best of the first, providing a basic foundation in the subject while addressing many recent discoveries. Comprehensive and authoritative, it consolidates the critical advances of the past fifty years, bringing together an exciting collection of new and classic topics, dozens of new figures, and new experimental data. This updated edition offers a thorough treatment of such basic topics as band theory, transport theory, and semiconductor physics, as well as more modern areas such as quasicrystals, dynamics of phase separation, granular materials, quantum dots, Berry phases, the quantum Hall effect, and Luttinger liquids. In addition to careful study of electron dynamics, electronics, and superconductivity, there is much material drawn from soft matter physics, including liquid crystals, polymers, and fluid dynamics. Provides frequent comparison of theory and experiment, both when they agree and when problems are still unsolved Incorporates many new images from experiments Provides end-of-chapter problems including computational exercises Includes more than fifty data tables and a detailed forty-page index Offers a solutions manual for instructors Featuring 370 figures and more than 1,000 recent and historically significant references, this volume serves as a valuable resource for graduate and undergraduate students in physics, physics professionals, engineers, applied mathematicians, materials scientists, and researchers in other fields who want to learn about the quantum and atomic underpinnings of materials science from a modern point of view.

Applied Solid State Physics

Applied Solid State Physics
  • Author : Rajnikant
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 1118546776
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Summary :

Group Theory

Group Theory
  • Author : Mildred S. Dresselhaus,Gene Dresselhaus,Ado Jorio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-18
  • Total pages :582
  • ISBN : 9783540328995
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Summary : This concise, class-tested book was refined over the authors’ 30 years as instructors at MIT and the University Federal of Minas Gerais (UFMG) in Brazil. The approach centers on the conviction that teaching group theory along with applications helps students to learn, understand and use it for their own needs. Thus, the theoretical background is confined to introductory chapters. Subsequent chapters develop new theory alongside applications so that students can retain new concepts, build on concepts already learned, and see interrelations between topics. Essential problem sets between chapters aid retention of new material and consolidate material learned in previous chapters.

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science
  • Author : National Academy of Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Working Group on Teaching Evolution
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-04-06
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 0309185416
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Summary : Today many school students are shielded from one of the most important concepts in modern science: evolution. In engaging and conversational style, Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science provides a well-structured framework for understanding and teaching evolution. Written for teachers, parents, and community officials as well as scientists and educators, this book describes how evolution reveals both the great diversity and similarity among the Earth's organisms; it explores how scientists approach the question of evolution; and it illustrates the nature of science as a way of knowing about the natural world. In addition, the book provides answers to frequently asked questions to help readers understand many of the issues and misconceptions about evolution. The book includes sample activities for teaching about evolution and the nature of science. For example, the book includes activities that investigate fossil footprints and population growth that teachers of science can use to introduce principles of evolution. Background information, materials, and step-by-step presentations are provided for each activity. In addition, this volume: Presents the evidence for evolution, including how evolution can be observed today. Explains the nature of science through a variety of examples. Describes how science differs from other human endeavors and why evolution is one of the best avenues for helping students understand this distinction. Answers frequently asked questions about evolution. Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science builds on the 1996 National Science Education Standards released by the National Research Council--and offers detailed guidance on how to evaluate and choose instructional materials that support the standards. Comprehensive and practical, this book brings one of today's educational challenges into focus in a balanced and reasoned discussion. It will be of special interest to teachers of science, school administrators, and interested members of the community.

Crystal Structures

Crystal Structures
  • Author : Helen D. Megaw
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1973
  • Total pages :563
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822013147376
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Summary :

Los Alamos Science

Los Alamos Science
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:30000001620115
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Summary :

Crystallography

Crystallography
  • Author : A. M. Glazer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9780198717591
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Summary : Crystals have fascinated us for centuries with their beauty and symmetry, and have often been invested with magical powers. The use of X-ray diffraction, first pioneered in 1912 by father and son William and Lawrence Bragg, enabled us to probe the structure of molecules, and heralded the scientific study of crystals, leading to an understanding of their atomic arrangements at a fundamental level. The new discipline, called X-ray crystallography, has subsequently evolved into a formidable science that underpins many other scientific areas. Starting from the determination of the structures of very simple crystals, such as that of common salt, today it has become almost routine to determine the positions of tens of thousands of atoms in a crystal. In this Very Short Introduction Mike Glazer shows how the discoveries in crystallography have been applied to the creation of new and important materials, to drugs and pharmaceuticals and to our understanding of genetics, cell biology, proteins, and viruses. Tracing the history of crystallography, he analyses astonishing developments in new sources of X-rays, as well as of neutrons, and in electron microscopy, and considers the impact they have on the study of crystals today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Quasicrystals

Quasicrystals
  • Author : Christian Janot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-18
  • Total pages :409
  • ISBN : 9780199657407
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Summary : This primer provides a descriptive approach to the subject of quasicrystals for those coming to it for the first time. The various practical, experimental, and theoretical topics are dealt with in an accessible style. The book is completed by problem sets and there is a computer program that generates a Penrose lattice.

Science Communication

Science Communication
  • Author : Laura Bowater,Kay Yeoman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-25
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781118406663
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Summary : Science communication is a rapidly expanding area and meaningful engagement between scientists and the public requires effective communication. Designed to help the novice scientist get started with science communication, this unique guide begins with a short history of science communication before discussing the design and delivery of an effective engagement event. Along with numerous case studies written by highly regarded international contributors, the book discusses how to approach face-to-face science communication and engagement activities with the public while providing tips to avoid potential pitfalls. This book has been written for scientists at all stages of their career, including undergraduates and postgraduates wishing to engage with effective science communication for the first time, or looking to develop their science communication portfolio.

Enantiomers, Racemates, and Resolutions

Enantiomers, Racemates, and Resolutions
  • Author : Jean Jacques,André Collet,Samuel H. Wilen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :447
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105020871096
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Summary :