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Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events
  • Author : Gerald Corzo,Emmanouil Varouchakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-20
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9780128117316
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Summary : Spatio-temporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events offers an extensive view of the experiences and applications of the latest developments and methodologies for analyzing and understanding extreme environmental and hydrological events. The book addresses the topic using spatio-temporal methods, such as space-time geostatistics, machine learning, statistical theory, hydrological modelling, neural network and evolutionary algorithms. This important resource for both hydrologists and statisticians interested in the framework of spatial and temporal analysis of hydrological events will provide users with an enhanced understanding of the relationship between magnitude, dynamics and the probability of extreme hydrological events. Presents spatio-temporal processes, including multivariate dynamic modelling Provides varying methodological approaches, giving the readers multiple hydrological modelling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations

Ecological Modelling of River-Wetland Systems

Ecological Modelling of River-Wetland Systems
  • Author : Maria Gabriela Alvarez Mieles
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-14
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9781000527469
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Summary : Around 6% of the Earth's land surface is covered by wetlands. Wetlands play a key role in hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, delivering multiple benefits to society: sources of water supply, flood regulation, water purification, agriculture, fisheries, and biodiversity. Hence, wetland systems are of immense socio-economic as well as ecological importance. In this research, the focus was on the Abras de Mantequilla (AdM) wetland in the tropical coastal region of Ecuador, a RAMSAR site and case study area for the EU-FP7 WETwin project. The research in this thesis involves a combination of field data collection, multivariate analysis techniques, as well as numerical modelling studies. The goal was to explore the effects of changes in hydrological forcing on the hydrodynamic and ecohydraulic responses of the wetland. The study aims to contribute to the understanding of how a tropical river-wetland system functions in terms of hydrodynamics, water quality, primary production, and biotic communities. Spatial patterns of biotic communities and environmental variables are obtained as well as spatio-temporal variability of hydrodynamics, water quality, primary productivity and fish habitat-suitability conditions. In data scarce areas and countries with financial constraints, the combination of field measurements with numerical models was extremely useful and relevant, confirming that these techniques complement each other in obtaining a better understanding of the dynamics of freshwater river–wetland systems. Studies like the present research can be used to enhance awareness about the environmental services of wetlands and stimulate cooperation between all stakeholders in order to achieve more sustainable wetland management.

Advances in Spatio-Temporal Analysis

Advances in Spatio-Temporal Analysis
  • Author : Xinming Tang,Yaolin Liu,Jixian Zhang,Wolfgang Kainz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-23
  • Total pages :241
  • ISBN : 0415408156
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Summary : Developments in Geographic Information Technology have raised the expectations of users. A static map is no longer enough; there is now demand for a dynamic representation. Time is of great importance when operating on real world geographical phenomena, especially when these are dynamic. Researchers in the field of Temporal Geographical Information Systems (TGIS) have been developing methods of incorporating time into geographical information systems. Spatio-temporal analysis embodies spatial modelling, spatio-temporal modelling and spatial reasoning and data mining. Advances in Spatio-Temporal Analysis contributes to the field of spatio-temporal analysis, presenting innovative ideas and examples that reflect current progress and achievements.

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability
  • Author : Assefa M. Melesse,Wossenu Abtew,Gabriel Senay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-03
  • Total pages :580
  • ISBN : 9780128159996
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Summary : Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability: Monitoring, Modelling, Adaptation and Mitigation is a compilation of contributions by experts from around the world who discuss extreme hydrology topics, from monitoring, to modeling and management. With extreme climatic and hydrologic events becoming so frequent, this book is a critical source, adding knowledge to the science of extreme hydrology. Topics covered include hydrometeorology monitoring, climate variability and trends, hydrological variability and trends, landscape dynamics, droughts, flood processes, and extreme events management, adaptation and mitigation. Each of the book's chapters provide background and theoretical foundations followed by approaches used and results of the applied studies. This book will be highly used by water resource managers and extreme event researchers who are interested in understanding the processes and teleconnectivity of large-scale climate dynamics and extreme events, predictability, simulation and intervention measures. Presents datasets used and methods followed to support the findings included, allowing readers to follow these steps in their own research Provides variable methodological approaches, thus giving the reader multiple hydrological modeling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies, thus making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations for those studying extreme hydrology Discusses extreme event management, including adaption and mitigation

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment
  • Author : Viviana Maggioni,Christian Massari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-06
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9780128149003
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Summary : Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment: A Remote Sensing Approach reviews multivariate hazards in a non-stationary environment, covering both short and long-term predictions from earth observations, along with long-term climate dynamics and models. The book provides a detailed overview of remotely sensed observations, current and future satellite missions useful for hydrologic studies and water resources engineering, and a review of hydroclimatic hazards. Given these tools, readers can improve their abilities to monitor, model and predict these extremes with remote sensing. In addition, the book covers multivariate hazards, like landslides, in case studies that analyze the combination of natural hazards and their impact on the natural and built environment. Finally, it ties hydroclimatic hazards into the Sendai Framework, providing another set of tools for reducing disaster impacts. Emphasizes recent and future satellite missions to study, monitor and forecast hydroclimatic hazards Provides a complete overview and differentiation of remotely sensed products that are useful for monitoring extreme hydroclimatic and related events Covers real-life examples and applications of integrating remote sensing products to study complex multi-hydroclimatic hazards

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability
  • Author : Assefa M. Melesse,Wossenu Abtew,Gabriel Senay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-03
  • Total pages :580
  • ISBN : 9780128159996
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Summary : Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability: Monitoring, Modelling, Adaptation and Mitigation is a compilation of contributions by experts from around the world who discuss extreme hydrology topics, from monitoring, to modeling and management. With extreme climatic and hydrologic events becoming so frequent, this book is a critical source, adding knowledge to the science of extreme hydrology. Topics covered include hydrometeorology monitoring, climate variability and trends, hydrological variability and trends, landscape dynamics, droughts, flood processes, and extreme events management, adaptation and mitigation. Each of the book's chapters provide background and theoretical foundations followed by approaches used and results of the applied studies. This book will be highly used by water resource managers and extreme event researchers who are interested in understanding the processes and teleconnectivity of large-scale climate dynamics and extreme events, predictability, simulation and intervention measures. Presents datasets used and methods followed to support the findings included, allowing readers to follow these steps in their own research Provides variable methodological approaches, thus giving the reader multiple hydrological modeling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies, thus making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations for those studying extreme hydrology Discusses extreme event management, including adaption and mitigation

Statistical Analysis and Stochastic Modelling of Hydrological Extremes

Statistical Analysis and Stochastic Modelling of Hydrological Extremes
  • Author : Hossein Tabari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-28
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 9783039216642
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Summary : Hydrological extremes have become a major concern because of their devastating consequences and their increased risk as a result of climate change and the growing concentration of people and infrastructure in high-risk zones. The analysis of hydrological extremes is challenging due to their rarity and small sample size, and the interconnections between different types of extremes and becomes further complicated by the untrustworthy representation of meso-scale processes involved in extreme events by coarse spatial and temporal scale models as well as biased or missing observations due to technical difficulties during extreme conditions. The complexity of analyzing hydrological extremes calls for robust statistical methods for the treatment of such events. This Special Issue is motivated by the need to apply and develop innovative stochastic and statistical approaches to analyze hydrological extremes under current and future climate conditions. The papers of this Special Issue focus on six topics associated with hydrological extremes: Historical changes in hydrological extremes; Projected changes in hydrological extremes; Downscaling of hydrological extremes; Early warning and forecasting systems for drought and flood; Interconnections of hydrological extremes; Applicability of satellite data for hydrological studies.

Groundwater

Groundwater
  • Author : Muhammad Salik Javaid
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-27
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 9789535124658
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Summary : Water inside the earth, the groundwater and the invisible resource is the most important source of survival of mankind on this globe. Part of the hydrological cycle between entry (percolation and recharge) and exit (natural or forced extraction and discharge), the groundwater fascinates all: engineers, hydrogeologists, agriculturists, environmentalists, scientists, academia, resource managers and domestic and industrial users. This book is the outcome of efforts of those eminent authors who despite their fascination were able to write upon some important facet of groundwater flow and the transport of pollutants with it. The dimensions covered range from simple descriptive narratives; to expose of analytical methods; to complex mathematical treatment; to numerical simulations and computer modeling. All areas have been touched upon for the sake of general readers, students, professional engineers and scientists.

Hydrological Drought

Hydrological Drought
  • Author : Lena M. Tallaksen,Henny A. J. van Lanen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :579
  • ISBN : 0444516883
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Summary : The majority of the examples are taken from regions where the rivers run most of the year.

Inland Flood Hazards

Inland Flood Hazards
  • Author : Ellen E. Wohl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-07-03
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : 0521624193
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Summary : A comprehensive, interdisciplinary review of issues related to inland flood hazards, this important work addresses physical controls on flooding, flood processes and effects, and responses to flooding, from the perspectives of human, aquatic, and riparian communities. The contributors, recognized experts in their fields, draw on examples and case studies of inland flood hazards from around the world. The volume is unique in that it addresses how the nonoccurrence of floods, in association with flow regulation and other human manipulation of river systems, may create hazards for aquatic and riparian communities. This book will be a valuable resource for all professionals concerned with inland flood hazards.

Extreme Hydrological Events

Extreme Hydrological Events
  • Author : Zbigniew Kundzewicz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :459
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105008935509
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Summary :

Water Resources Research in Northwest China

Water Resources Research in Northwest China
  • Author : Yaning Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-23
  • Total pages :444
  • ISBN : 9789401780179
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Summary : This book examines the possible impacts of climate change on hydrology and water resources in the vast arid region of Northwest China, which is one of the world’s largest arid places. The first chapter offers an introductory discussion of the physical geography and socioeconomic conditions in the region. Chapters 2 through 7 discuss the climate system and hydrologic system changes in the region, and assess some implications of these changes in relation to potential evapotranspiration, the hydrological cycle and spatiotemporal variations of the snow cover and glaciers as measured via remote sensing, geographic information systems, and statistical analysis. Chapters 8 and 9 focus on model description and experimental design for interpreting the hydro-climatic process, emphasizing the integration of water, climate, and land ecosystems through field observations and computer-based simulations. Chapter 10 examines some extreme hydrological events and presents a study using the historical trend method to investigate the spatial and temporal variability of changing temperature and precipitation extremes in the hyper-arid region of Northwest China. A concluding chapter discusses possible strategies for sustainable watershed management. The contributors are acknowledged experts who bring broad, relevant experience on water resources research in China’s cold and arid regions. The lessons of this volume will prove useful for understanding arid areas elsewhere in the world.

Extremes in Nature

Extremes in Nature
  • Author : Gianfausto Salvadori,Carlo De Michele,Nathabandu T. Kottegoda,Renzo Rosso
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-01
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9781402044151
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Summary : This book is about the theoretical and practical aspects of the statistics of Extreme Events in Nature. Most importantly, this is the first text in which Copulas are introduced and used in Geophysics. Several topics are fully original, and show how standard models and calculations can be improved by exploiting the opportunities offered by Copulas. In addition, new quantities useful for design and risk assessment are introduced.

Guide to Geography Programs in the Americas

Guide to Geography Programs in the Americas
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105111057597
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Summary :

Forensic Analysis

Forensic Analysis
  • Author : B Suresh Shetty,Jagadish Rao Padubidri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-07
  • Total pages :128
  • ISBN : 9789535126324
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Summary : It is my pleasure to place before you the book ''Forensic Analysis - From Death to Justice'' which presents one of the major portions of the broad specialty of Forensic Science comprising mainly of Thanatology and Criminalistics. This book has been designed to incorporate a wide range of new ideas and unique works from all authors from topics like Forensic Engineering, Forensic Entomology and Crime Scene Investigation. I hope that it will be useful to practitioners of forensic medicine, experts, pathologists, law makers, investigating authorities, undergraduate and postgraduate medical school graduates of medicine.

From Headwaters to the Ocean

From Headwaters to the Ocean
  • Author : Makoto Taniguchi,William C. Burnett,Yoshihiro Fukushima,MARTIN HAIGH,Yu Umezawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-11
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9780415472791
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Summary : The vulnerability of water resources due to climate change and human activities is globally increasing. The phenomenon of hydrological change is complicated because of the combinations and interactions between natural climate fluctuation, global warming and human activities including changes in land utilization. The impact areas of hydrological changes are also not only within the basin, but reach to the ocean through coastal water exchanges. This book presents contributions focused on integrated water management from headwater to the ocean in a time of climate change and increasing population.

Statistical Downscaling for Hydrological and Environmental Applications

Statistical Downscaling for Hydrological and Environmental Applications
  • Author : Taesam Lee,Vijay P. Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :165
  • ISBN : 9780429861147
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Summary : Global climate change is typically understood and modeled using global climate models (GCMs), but the outputs of these models in terms of hydrological variables are only available on coarse or large spatial and time scales, while finer spatial and temporal resolutions are needed to reliably assess the hydro-environmental impacts of climate change. To reliably obtain the required resolutions of hydrological variables, statistical downscaling is typically employed. Statistical Downscaling for Hydrological and Environmental Applications presents statistical downscaling techniques in a practical manner so that both students and practitioners can readily utilize them. Numerous methods are presented, and all are illustrated with practical examples. The book is written so that no prior background in statistics is needed, and it will be useful to graduate students, college faculty, and researchers in hydrology, hydroclimatology, agricultural and environmental sciences, and watershed management. It will also be of interest to environmental policymakers at the local, state, and national levels, as well as readers interested in climate change and its related hydrologic impacts. Features: Examines how to model hydrological events such as extreme rainfall, floods, and droughts at the local, watershed level. Explains how to properly correct for significant biases with the observational data normally found in current Global Climate Models (GCMs). Presents temporal downscaling from daily to hourly with a nonparametric approach. Discusses the myriad effects of climate change on hydrological processes.

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
  • Author : Christopher B. Field,Vicente Barros,Thomas F. Stocker,Qin Dahe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-28
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781107380103
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Summary : This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications

Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications
  • Author : Alik Ismail-Zadeh,Jaime Urrutia Fucugauchi,Andrzej Kijko,Kuniyoshi Takeuchi,Ilya Zaliapin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-17
  • Total pages :413
  • ISBN : 9781107033863
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Summary : A unique interdisciplinary approach to disaster risk research, including global hazards and case-studies, for researchers, graduate students and professionals.

Soils and Fertilizers

Soils and Fertilizers
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : PSU:000054609471
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Summary :

Geographia Polonica

Geographia Polonica
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : NWU:35556039242441
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Summary :