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Spectroscopy of Lanthanide Doped Oxide Materials

Spectroscopy of Lanthanide Doped Oxide Materials
  • Author : Sanjay J. Dhoble,Vijay B. Pawade,Hendrik C. Swart,Vibha Chopra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-30
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780081029367
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Summary : Spectroscopy of Lanthanide Doped Oxide Materials provides a comprehensive overview on the most essential characterization techniques of these materials, along with their key applications. The book describes the application of optical spectroscopy of lanthanides doped inorganic phosphor hosts and gives information about their structure and morphology, binding energies, energy of transition and band gap. Also discussed are the properties and applications of rare earth doped inorganic materials and the barriers and potential solutions to enable the commercial realization of phosphors in important applications. The book reviews key information for those entering the field of phosphor research, along with the fundamental knowledge of the properties of transition series elements under UV/Visible/NIR light exposer. Low-cost materials methods to synthesize the materials and spectroscopic characterization methods are also detailed. Reviews the barriers and potential solutions to enable commercial realization of inorganic phosphors Discusses low-cost material methods to synthesize and characterize lanthanide doped oxide materials Provides readers with a comprehensive overview on key properties for the most relevant applications, such as lighting and display, energy conversion and solar cell devices

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices
  • Author : Vijay B. Pawade,Paresh H. Salame,Bharat Apparao Bhanvase
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-21
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781000073201
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Summary : Metal oxide nanoparticles exhibit potential applications in energy and environmental fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen energy, and energy storage devices. This book covers all points from synthesis, properties, and applications of transition metal oxide nanoparticle materials in energy storage and conversion devices. Aimed at graduate-level students and researchers associated with the energy and environment sector, this book addresses the application of nontoxic and environmentally friendly metal oxide materials for a clean environment and deals with synthesis properties and application metal oxides materials for energy conversion, energy storage, and hydrogen generation.

Biophotonics: Spectroscopy, Imaging, Sensing, and Manipulation

Biophotonics: Spectroscopy, Imaging, Sensing, and Manipulation
  • Author : Baldassare Di Bartolo,John Collins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-03
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9789048199761
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Summary : This volume describes an impressive array of the current photonic-related technologies being used in the investigation of biological systems. The topics include various types of microscopy (fluorescence correlation microscopy, two-photon microscopy), sensitive detection of biological molecules, nano-surgery techniques, fluorescence resonance energy transfer, nano-plasmonics, terahertz spectroscopy, and photosynthetic energy conversion. The emphasis is on the physical principles behind each technique, and on examining the advantages and limitations of each.The book begins with an overview by Paras Prasad, a leader in the field of biophotonics, of several important optical techniques currently used for studying biological systems. In the subsequent chapters these techniques are discussed in depth, providing the reader with a detailed understanding of the basic physical principles at work. An excellent treatment of terahertz spectroscopy demonstrates how photonics is being extended beyond the visible region. Recent results in the use of femtosecond lasers as a tool to porate cell walls demonstrate that the manipulation of light can be used as a tool for the study and the treatment of biological systems. The field of Bio-photonics is broad and still growing, so cannot be covered comprehensively in one volume. But here the reader will find an introduction to some of the major tools used for studying biological systems, and at the same time a detailed, first-principles treatment of the physics behind these tools.

Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials

Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials
  • Author : Leah Bergman,Jeanne L. McHale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :468
  • ISBN : 9781439834800
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Summary : Photoluminescence spectroscopy is an important approach for examining the optical interactions in semiconductors and optical devices with the goal of gaining insight into material properties. With contributions from researchers at the forefront of this field, Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials explores the use of this technique to study semiconductor materials in a variety of applications, including solid-state lighting, solar energy conversion, optical devices, and biological imaging. After introducing basic semiconductor theory and photoluminescence principles, the book focuses on the optical properties of wide-bandgap semiconductors, such as AlN, GaN, and ZnO. It then presents research on narrow-bandgap semiconductors and solid-state lighting. The book also covers the optical properties of semiconductors in the nanoscale regime, including quantum dots and nanocrystals. This handbook explains how photoluminescence spectroscopy is a powerful and practical analytical tool for revealing the fundamentals of light interaction and, thus, the optical properties of semiconductors. The book shows how luminescent semiconductors are used in lasers, photodiodes, infrared detectors, light-emitting diodes, solid-state lamps, solar energy, and biological imaging.

Luminescence

Luminescence
  • Author : Jagannathan Thirumalai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-10
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9789535127628
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Summary : The aim of this book is to give readers a broad review of topical worldwide advancements in theoretical and experimental facts, instrumentation and practical applications erudite by luminescent materials and their prospects in dealing with different types of luminescence like photoluminescence, electroluminescence, thermo-luminescence, triboluminescence, bioluminescence design and applications. The additional part of this book deals with the dynamics, rare-earth ions, photon down-/up-converting materials, luminescence dating, lifetime, bioluminescence microscopical perspectives and prospects towards the basic research or for more advanced applications. This book is divided into four main sections: luminescent materials and their associated phenomena; photo-physical properties and their emerging applications; thermoluminescence dating: from theory to applications, and bioluminescence perspectives and prospects. Individual chapters should serve the broad spectrum of common readers of diverse expertise, layman, students and researchers, who may in this book find easily elucidated fundamentals as well as progressive principles of specific subjects associated with these phenomena. This book was created by 14 contributions from experts in different fields of luminescence and technology from over 20 research institutes worldwide.

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering
  • Author : Anthony Laskovski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-08
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9789533075136
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Summary : Rapid technological developments in the last century have brought the field of biomedical engineering into a totally new realm. Breakthroughs in materials science, imaging, electronics and, more recently, the information age have improved our understanding of the human body. As a result, the field of biomedical engineering is thriving, with innovations that aim to improve the quality and reduce the cost of medical care. This book is the second in a series of three that will present recent trends in biomedical engineering, with a particular focus on materials science in biomedical engineering, including developments in alloys, nanomaterials and polymer technologies.

Synthesis and Application of Lanthanide-doped Materials

Synthesis and Application of Lanthanide-doped Materials
  • Author : American Ceramic Society. Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : UOM:39015041281299
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Summary : Proceedings of the April-May 1995 symposium explore these materials, the use of which provides enhanced optical performance in such fields as information display, telecommunications, integrated optics, and radiation detection. Topics include fundamental materials issues, emissive materials and activ

Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung

Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015057380605
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Summary :

Lanthanide-Based Multifunctional Materials

Lanthanide-Based Multifunctional Materials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-26
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9780128138410
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Summary : Lanthanide-Based Multifunctional Materials: From OLEDs to SIMs serves as a comprehensive and state-of the art review on these promising compounds, delivering a panorama of their extensive and rapidly growing applications. After an introductory chapter on the theoretical description of the optical and magnetic behaviour of lanthanides and on the prediction of their properties by ab-initio methods, four chapters are devoted to lanthanide-based OLEDs, including the latest trends in visible emitters, the emerging field of near infrared emitters and the first achievements attained in the field of chiral OLEDs. The use of lanthanide complexes as molecular magnets spreads over another two chapters, which explain the evolution of 4f-elements-based SIMs and the most recent advances in heterometallic 3d–4f SMMs. Other very active research areas are covered in the remaining five chapters, dedicated to lanthanide-doped germanate and tellurite glasses, luminescent materials for up-conversion, luminescent thermosensors, multimodal imaging and therapeutic agents, and chemosensors. The book is aimed at academic and industrial researchers, undergraduates and postgraduates alike, and is of particular interest for the Materials Science, Applied Physics and Applied Chemistry communities. Includes the latest progress on lanthanide-based materials and their applications (in OLEDs, SIMs, doped matrices, up-conversion, thermosensors, theragnostics and chemosensors) Presents basic and applied aspects of the Physics and Chemistry of lanthanide compounds, as well as future lines of action Covers successful examples of devices and proofs-of-concept and provides guidelines for the rational design of new materials

Upconverting Nanomaterials

Upconverting Nanomaterials
  • Author : Claudia Altavilla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-03
  • Total pages :369
  • ISBN : 9781315354309
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Summary : Upconverting Nanomaterials: Perspectives, Synthesis, and Applications serves as a powerful instrument that explores cutting-edge research knowledge on the topic of upconverting nanosystems, while simultaneously providing the necessary fundamental background for nonspecialist readers. The various aspects of upconverting materials are approached both from a theoretical point of view, particularly upconverting phenomenon, and a practical one. By presenting synthetic strategies, functionalization, production of core shell structures and nanocomposites, this book supplies PhD students, researchers, and scientists with a wealth of ideas they can apply to different fields of research. Thirty-five renowned scientists from around the world have collaborated to produce 11 chapters that help to "make a voyage" through the most important aspects of UPNPs, including syntheses, mechanism, functionalization, and applications.

Nanomaterials and Their Optical Applications

Nanomaterials and Their Optical Applications
  • Author : Guozhong Cao,Younan Xia,Paul V. Braun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :188
  • ISBN : UOM:39015057642426
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Summary :

Advanced Measurement and Test III

Advanced Measurement and Test III
  • Author : Andy Wu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :2702
  • ISBN : 9783038260974
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Summary : The primary aim of the proceeding is the combined coverage of the electronic test of devices, boards and systems—covering the complete cycle from design verification, design-for-test, design-for-manufacturing, silicon debug, manufacturing test, system test, diagnosis, failure analysis and back to process and design improvement at the advanced level. Such an approach enables the engineer to take into account the essential mechanical properties of the material itself and special features of practical implementation, including manufacturing technology, experimental results, and design characteristics.

Ceramic Abstracts

Ceramic Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015047419638
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Summary :

Phosphors for Energy Saving and Conversion Technology

Phosphors for Energy Saving and Conversion Technology
  • Author : Vijay B. Pawade,Sanjay J. Dhoble
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9780429943232
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Summary : This text deals with the advantages of rare earth activated phosphors for the development of solid state lighting technology and in enhancing the light conversion efficiency of Si solar cells. The book initiates with a short overview of the atomic and semiconductor theory followed by introduction to phosphor, its working mechanism, role of rare earth ions in the lighting and PV devices and host materials being used. Further, it introduces the applications of inorganic phosphor for the development of green energy and technology including advantages of UP/DC conversion phosphor layers in the enhancing the cell response of PV devices. Key Features: Focuses on discussion of phosphors for both solid state lighting and photovoltaics applications Provides introduction for practical applications including synthesis and characterization of phosphor materials Includes broad, in-depth introduction of semiconductors and related theory Enhances the basic understanding of optical properties for rare earth phosphors Covers up-conversion and down-conversion phosphor for energy harvesting applications

Lanthanide Luminescence

Lanthanide Luminescence
  • Author : Pekka Hänninen,Harri Härmä
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-21
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 3642210236
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Summary : Lanthanides have fascinated scientists for more than two centuries now, and since efficient separation techniques were established roughly 50 years ago, they have increasingly found their way into industrial exploitation and our everyday lives. Numerous applications are based on their unique luminescent properties, which are highlighted in this volume. It presents established knowledge about the photophysical basics, relevant lanthanide probes or materials, and describes instrumentation-related aspects including chemical and physical sensors. The uses of lanthanides in bioanalysis and medicine are outlined, such as assays for in vitro diagnostics and research. All chapters were compiled by renowned scientists with a broad audience in mind, providing both beginners in the field and advanced researchers with comprehensive information on on the given subject.

Rare Earths 1999

Rare Earths 1999
  • Author : Lester R. Morss
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822022764898
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Summary :

Catalysis and Surface Characterisation

Catalysis and Surface Characterisation
  • Author : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 0851863353
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Summary : Contains a selection of papers presented at an international conference on recent developments in heterogeneous catalysis, specifically in areas of current industrial importance. Various spectroscopic methods for surface characterization are described.

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-29
  • Total pages :2774
  • ISBN : 0123743966
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Summary : From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.

Proceedings of the 3rd International Winter Workshop on Spectroscopy and Structure of Rare Earth Systems

Proceedings of the 3rd International Winter Workshop on Spectroscopy and Structure of Rare Earth Systems
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :509
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822022765549
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Summary :

Rare-earth-doped Materials and Devices

Rare-earth-doped Materials and Devices
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015042997950
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Summary :

Catalysis and surface characterisation

Catalysis and surface characterisation
  • Author : T. J. Dines,J. Thomson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 0851863353
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Summary :