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Speech Enhancement

Speech Enhancement
  • Author : Jacob Benesty,Jesper Rindom Jensen,Mads Graesboll Christensen,Jingdong Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-04
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9780128002537
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Summary : Speech enhancement is a classical problem in signal processing, yet still largely unsolved. Two of the conventional approaches for solving this problem are linear filtering, like the classical Wiener filter, and subspace methods. These approaches have traditionally been treated as different classes of methods and have been introduced in somewhat different contexts. Linear filtering methods originate in stochastic processes, while subspace methods have largely been based on developments in numerical linear algebra and matrix approximation theory. This book bridges the gap between these two classes of methods by showing how the ideas behind subspace methods can be incorporated into traditional linear filtering. In the context of subspace methods, the enhancement problem can then be seen as a classical linear filter design problem. This means that various solutions can more easily be compared and their performance bounded and assessed in terms of noise reduction and speech distortion. The book shows how various filter designs can be obtained in this framework, including the maximum SNR, Wiener, LCMV, and MVDR filters, and how these can be applied in various contexts, like in single-channel and multichannel speech enhancement, and in both the time and frequency domains. First short book treating subspace approaches in a unified way for time and frequency domains, single-channel, multichannel, as well as binaural, speech enhancement Bridges the gap between optimal filtering methods and subspace approaches Includes original presentation of subspace methods from different perspectives

Speech Enhancement

Speech Enhancement
  • Author : Jacob Benesty,Shoji Makino,Jingdong Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-30
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9783540274896
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Summary : A strong reference on the problem of signal and speech enhancement, describing the newest developments in this exciting field. The general emphasis is on noise reduction, because of the large number of applications that can benefit from this technology.

DFT-Domain Based Single-Microphone Noise Reduction for Speech Enhancement

DFT-Domain Based Single-Microphone Noise Reduction for Speech Enhancement
  • Author : Richard C. Hendriks,Timo Gerkmann,Jesper Jensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-01
  • Total pages :80
  • ISBN : 9781627051446
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Summary : As speech processing devices like mobile phones, voice controlled devices, and hearing aids have increased in popularity, people expect them to work anywhere and at any time without user intervention. However, the presence of acoustical disturbances limits the use of these applications, degrades their performance, or causes the user difficulties in understanding the conversation or appreciating the device. A common way to reduce the effects of such disturbances is through the use of single-microphone noise reduction algorithms for speech enhancement. The field of single-microphone noise reduction for speech enhancement comprises a history of more than 30 years of research. In this survey, we wish to demonstrate the significant advances that have been made during the last decade in the field of discrete Fourier transform domain-based single-channel noise reduction for speech enhancement.Furthermore, our goal is to provide a concise description of a state-of-the-art speech enhancement system, and demonstrate the relative importance of the various building blocks of such a system. This allows the non-expert DSP practitioner to judge the relevance of each building block and to implement a close-to-optimal enhancement system for the particular application at hand. Table of Contents: Introduction / Single Channel Speech Enhancement: General Principles / DFT-Based Speech Enhancement Methods: Signal Model and Notation / Speech DFT Estimators / Speech Presence Probability Estimation / Noise PSD Estimation / Speech PSD Estimation / Performance Evaluation Methods / Simulation Experiments with Single-Channel Enhancement Systems / Future Directions

Speech Enhancement with Adaptive Thresholding and Kalman Filtering

Speech Enhancement with Adaptive Thresholding and Kalman Filtering
  • Author : Mengjiao Zhao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :85
  • ISBN : OCLC:1135024008
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Summary : Speech enhancement has been extensively studied for many years and various speech enhancement methods have been developed during the past decades. One of the objectives of speech enhancement is to provide high-quality speech communication in the presence of background noise and concurrent interference signals. In the process of speech communication, the clean speech sig- nal is inevitably corrupted by acoustic noise from the surrounding environment, transmission media, communication equipment, electrical noise, other speakers, and other sources of interference. These disturbances can significantly degrade the quality and intelligibility of the received speech signal. Therefore, it is of great interest to develop efficient speech enhancement techniques to recover the original speech from the noisy observation. In recent years, various techniques have been developed to tackle this problem, which can be classified into single channel and multi-channel enhancement approaches. Since single channel enhancement is easy to implement, it has been a significant field of research and various approaches have been developed. For example, spectral subtraction and Wiener filtering, are among the earliest single channel methods, which are based on estimation of the power spectrum of stationary noise. However, when the noise is non-stationary, or there exists music noise and ambient speech noise, the enhancement performance would degrade considerably. To overcome this disadvantage, this thesis focuses on single channel speech enhancement under adverse noise environment, especially the non-stationary noise environment. Recently, wavelet transform based methods have been widely used to reduce the undesired background noise. On the other hand, the Kalman filter (KF) methods offer competitive denoising results, especially in non-stationary environment. It has been used as a popular and powerful tool for speech enhancement during the past decades. In this regard, a single channel wavelet thresholding based Kalman filter (KF) algorithm is proposed for speech enhancement in this thesis. The wavelet packet (WP) transform is first applied to the noise corrupted speech on a frame-by-frame basis, which decomposes each frame into a number of subbands. A voice activity detector (VAD) is then designed to detect the voiced/unvoiced frames of the subband speech. Based on the VAD result, an adaptive thresholding scheme is applied to each subband speech followed by the WP based reconstruction to obtain the pre-enhanced speech. To achieve a further level of enhancement, an iterative Kalman filter (IKF) is used to process the pre-enhanced speech. The proposed adaptive thresholding iterative Kalman filtering (AT-IKF) method is evaluated and compared with some existing methods under various noise conditions in terms of segmental SNR and perceptual evaluation of speech quality (PESQ) as two well-known performance indexes. Firstly, we compare the proposed adaptive thresholding (AT) scheme with three other threshold- ing schemes: the non-linear universal thresholding (U-T), the non-linear wavelet packet transform thresholding (WPT-T) and the non-linear SURE thresholding (SURE-T). The experimental results show that the proposed AT scheme can significantly improve the segmental SNR and PESQ for all input SNRs compared with the other existing thresholding schemes. Secondly, extensive computer simulations are conducted to evaluate the proposed AT-IKF as opposed to the AT and the IKF as standalone speech enhancement methods. It is shown that the AT-IKF method still performs the best. Lastly, the proposed ATIKF method is compared with three representative and popular meth- ods: the improved spectral subtraction based speech enhancement algorithm (ISS), the improved Wiener filter based method (IWF) and the representative subband Kalman filter based algorithm (SIKF). Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method as compared to some previous works both in terms of segmental SNR and PESQ.

A Perspective on Single-channel Frequency-domain Speech Enhancement

A Perspective on Single-channel Frequency-domain Speech Enhancement
  • Author : Jacob Benesty,Yiteng Huang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :101
  • ISBN : 9781608456987
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Summary : This book focuses on a class of single-channel noise reduction methods that are performed in the frequency domain via the short-time Fourier transform (STFT). The simplicity and relative effectiveness of this class of approaches make them the dominant choice in practical systems. Even though many popular algorithms have been proposed through more than four decades of continuous research, there are a number of critical areas where our understanding and capabilities still remain quite rudimentary, especially with respect to the relationship between noise reduction and speech distortion. All existing frequency-domain algorithms, no matter how they are developed, have one feature in common: the solution is eventually expressed as a gain function applied to the STFT of the noisy signal only in the current frame. As a result, the narrowband signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) cannot be improved, and any gains achieved in noise reduction on the fullband basis come with a price to pay, which is speech distortion. In this book, we present a new perspective on the problem by exploiting the difference between speech and typical noise in circularity and interframe self-correlation, which were ignored in the past. By gathering the STFT of the microphone signal of the current frame, its complex conjugate, and the STFTs in the previous frames, we construct several new, multiple-observation signal models similar to a microphone array system: there are multiple noisy speech observations, and their speech components are correlated but not completely coherent while their noise components are presumably uncorrelated. Therefore, the multichannel Wiener filter and the minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) filter that were usually associated with microphone arrays will be developed for single-channel noise reduction in this book. This might instigate a paradigm shift geared toward speech distortionless noise reduction techniques. Table of Contents: Introduction / Problem Formulation / Performance Measures / Linear and Widely Linear Models / Optimal Filters with Model 1 / Optimal Filters with Model 2 / Optimal Filters with Model 3 / Optimal Filters with Model 4 / Experimental Study

Speech Enhancement

Speech Enhancement
  • Author : Philipos C. Loizou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-25
  • Total pages :711
  • ISBN : 9781466504219
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Summary : With the proliferation of mobile devices and hearing devices, including hearing aids and cochlear implants, there is a growing and pressing need to design algorithms that can improve speech intelligibility without sacrificing quality. Responding to this need, Speech Enhancement: Theory and Practice, Second Edition introduces readers to the basic problems of speech enhancement and the various algorithms proposed to solve these problems. Updated and expanded, this second edition of the bestselling textbook broadens its scope to include evaluation measures and enhancement algorithms aimed at improving speech intelligibility. Fundamentals, Algorithms, Evaluation, and Future Steps Organized into four parts, the book begins with a review of the fundamentals needed to understand and design better speech enhancement algorithms. The second part describes all the major enhancement algorithms and, because these require an estimate of the noise spectrum, also covers noise estimation algorithms. The third part of the book looks at the measures used to assess the performance, in terms of speech quality and intelligibility, of speech enhancement methods. It also evaluates and compares several of the algorithms. The fourth part presents binary mask algorithms for improving speech intelligibility under ideal conditions. In addition, it suggests steps that can be taken to realize the full potential of these algorithms under realistic conditions. What’s New in This Edition Updates in every chapter A new chapter on objective speech intelligibility measures A new chapter on algorithms for improving speech intelligibility Real-world noise recordings (on accompanying CD) MATLAB® code for the implementation of intelligibility measures (on accompanying CD) MATLAB and C/C++ code for the implementation of algorithms to improve speech intelligibility (on accompanying CD) Valuable Insights from a Pioneer in Speech Enhancement Clear and concise, this book explores how human listeners compensate for acoustic noise in noisy environments. Written by a pioneer in speech enhancement and noise reduction in cochlear implants, it is an essential resource for anyone who wants to implement or incorporate the latest speech enhancement algorithms to improve the quality and intelligibility of speech degraded by noise. Includes a CD with Code and Recordings The accompanying CD provides MATLAB implementations of representative speech enhancement algorithms as well as speech and noise databases for the evaluation of enhancement algorithms.

Speech Enhancement in the STFT Domain

Speech Enhancement in the STFT Domain
  • Author : Jacob Benesty,Jingdong Chen,Emanuël A.P. Habets
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-18
  • Total pages :109
  • ISBN : 3642232507
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Summary : This work addresses this problem in the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) domain. We divide the general problem into five basic categories depending on the number of microphones being used and whether the interframe or interband correlation is considered. The first category deals with the single-channel problem where STFT coefficients at different frames and frequency bands are assumed to be independent. In this case, the noise reduction filter in each frequency band is basically a real gain. Since a gain does not improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for any given subband and frame, the noise reduction is basically achieved by liftering the subbands and frames that are less noisy while weighing down on those that are more noisy. The second category also concerns the single-channel problem. The difference is that now the interframe correlation is taken into account and a filter is applied in each subband instead of just a gain. The advantage of using the interframe correlation is that we can improve not only the long-time fullband SNR, but the frame-wise subband SNR as well. The third and fourth classes discuss the problem of multichannel noise reduction in the STFT domain with and without interframe correlation, respectively. In the last category, we consider the interband correlation in the design of the noise reduction filters. We illustrate the basic principle for the single-channel case as an example, while this concept can be generalized to other scenarios. In all categories, we propose different optimization cost functions from which we derive the optimal filters and we also define the performance measures that help analyzing them.

Speech Enhancement in the Karhunen-Loève Expansion Domain

Speech Enhancement in the Karhunen-Loève Expansion Domain
  • Author : Jacob Benesty,Jingdong Chen,Yiteng Huang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :102
  • ISBN : 9781608456048
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Summary : This book is devoted to the study of the problem of speech enhancement whose objective is the recovery of a signal of interest (i.e., speech) from noisy observations. Typically, the recovery process is accomplished by passing the noisy observations through a linear filter (or a linear transformation). Since both the desired speech and undesired noise are filtered at the same time, the most critical issue of speech enhancement resides in how to design a proper optimal filter that can fully take advantage of the difference between the speech and noise statistics to mitigate the noise effect as much as possible while maintaining the speech perception identical to its original form. The optimal filters can be designed either in the time domain or in a transform space. As the title indicates, this book will focus on developing and analyzing optimal filters in the Karhunen-Loeve expansion (KLE) domain. We begin by describing the basic problem of speech enhancement and the fundamental principles to solve it in the time domain. We then explain how the problem can be equivalently formulated in the KLE domain. Next, we divide the general problem in the KLE domain into four groups, depending on whether interframe and interband information is accounted for, leading to four linear models for speech enhancement in the KLE domain. For each model, we introduce signal processing measures to quantify the performance of speech enhancement, discuss the formation of different cost functions, and address the optimization of these cost functions for the derivation of different optimal filters. Both theoretical analysis and experiments will be provided to study the performance of these filters and the links between the KLE-domain and time-domain optimal filters will be examined. Table of Contents: Introduction / Problem Formulation / Optimal Filters in the Time Domain / Linear Models for Signal Enhancement in the KLE Domain / Optimal Filters in the KLE Domain with Model 1 / Optimal Filters in the KLE Domain with Model 2 / Optimal Filters in the KLE Domain with Model 3 / Optimal Filters in the KLE Domain with Model 4 / Experimental Study"

Audio Source Separation and Speech Enhancement

Audio Source Separation and Speech Enhancement
  • Author : Emmanuel Vincent,Tuomas Virtanen,Sharon Gannot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-22
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9781119279891
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Summary : Learn the technology behind hearing aids, Siri, and Echo Audio source separation and speech enhancement aim to extract one or more source signals of interest from an audio recording involving several sound sources. These technologies are among the most studied in audio signal processing today and bear a critical role in the success of hearing aids, hands-free phones, voice command and other noise-robust audio analysis systems, and music post-production software. Research on this topic has followed three convergent paths, starting with sensor array processing, computational auditory scene analysis, and machine learning based approaches such as independent component analysis, respectively. This book is the first one to provide a comprehensive overview by presenting the common foundations and the differences between these techniques in a unified setting. Key features: Consolidated perspective on audio source separation and speech enhancement. Both historical perspective and latest advances in the field, e.g. deep neural networks. Diverse disciplines: array processing, machine learning, and statistical signal processing. Covers the most important techniques for both single-channel and multichannel processing. This book provides both introductory and advanced material suitable for people with basic knowledge of signal processing and machine learning. Thanks to its comprehensiveness, it will help students select a promising research track, researchers leverage the acquired cross-domain knowledge to design improved techniques, and engineers and developers choose the right technology for their target application scenario. It will also be useful for practitioners from other fields (e.g., acoustics, multimedia, phonetics, and musicology) willing to exploit audio source separation or speech enhancement as pre-processing tools for their own needs.

New Approaches for Speech Enhancement in the Short-Time Fourier Transform Domain

New Approaches for Speech Enhancement in the Short-Time Fourier Transform Domain
  • Author : Mahdi Parchami
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :225
  • ISBN : OCLC:1114271995
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Summary : Speech enhancement aims at the improvement of speech quality by using various algorithms. A speech enhancement technique can be implemented as either a time domain or a transform domain method. In the transform domain speech enhancement, the spectrum of clean speech signal is estimated through the modification of noisy speech spectrum and then it is used to obtain the enhanced speech signal in the time domain. Among the existing transform domain methods in the literature, the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) processing has particularly served as the basis to implement most of the frequency domain methods. In general, speech enhancement methods in the STFT domain can be categorized into the estimators of complex discrete Fourier transform (DFT) coefficients and the estimators of real-valued short-time spectral amplitude (STSA). Due to the computational efficiency of the STSA estimation method and also its superior performance in most cases, as compared to the estimators of complex DFT coefficients, we focus mostly on the estimation of speech STSA throughout this work and aim at developing algorithms for noise reduction and reverberation suppression. First, we tackle the problem of additive noise reduction using the single-channel Bayesian STSA estimation method. In this respect, we present new schemes for the selection of Bayesian cost function parameters for a parametric STSA estimator, namely the W?-SA estimator, based on an initial estimate of the speech and also the properties of human auditory system. We further use the latter information to design an efficient flooring scheme for the gain function of the STSA estimator. Next, we apply the generalized Gaussian distribution (GGD) to theW?-SA estimator as the speech STSA prior and propose to choose its parameters according to noise spectral variance and a priori signal to noise ratio (SNR). The suggested STSA estimation schemes are able to provide further noise reduction as well as less speech distortion, as compared to the previous methods. Quality and noise reduction performance evaluations indicated the superiority of the proposed speech STSA estimation with respect to the previous estimators. Regarding the multi-channel counterpart of the STSA estimation method, first we generalize the proposed single-channel W?-SA estimator to the multi-channel case for spatially uncorrelated noise. It is shown that under the Bayesian framework, a straightforward extension from the single-channel to the multi-channel case can be performed by generalizing the STSA estimator parameters, i.e. ? and ?. Next, we develop Bayesian STSA estimators by taking advantage of speech spectral phase rather than only relying on the spectral amplitude of observations, in contrast to conventional methods. This contribution is presented for the multi-channel scenario with single-channel as a special case. Next, we aim at developing multi-channel STSA estimation under spatially correlated noise and derive a generic structure for the extension of a single-channel estimator to its multi-channel counterpart. It is shown that the derived multi-channel extension requires a proper estimate of the spatial correlation matrix of noise. Subsequently, we focus on the estimation of noise correlation matrix, that is not only important in the multi-channel STSA estimation scheme but also highly useful in different beamforming methods. Next, we aim at speech reverberation suppression in the STFT domain using the weighted prediction error (WPE) method. The original WPE method requires an estimate of the desired speech spectral variance along with reverberation prediction weights, leading to a sub-optimal strategy that alternatively estimates each of these two quantities. Also, similar to most other STFT based speech enhancement methods, the desired speech coefficients are assumed to be temporally independent, while this assumption is inaccurate. Taking these into account, first, we employ a suitable estimator for the speech spectral variance and integrate it into the estimation of the reverberation prediction weights. In addition to the performance advantage with respect to the previous versions of the WPE method, the presented approach provides a good reduction in implementation complexity. Next, we take into account the temporal correlation present in the STFT of the desired speech, namely the inter-frame correlation (IFC), and consider an approximate model where only the frames within each segment of speech are considered as correlated. Furthermore, an efficient method for the estimation of the underlying IFC matrix is developed based on the extension of the speech variance estimator proposed previously. The performance results reveal lower residual reverberation and higher overall quality provided by the proposed method. Finally, we focus on the problem of late reverberation suppression using the classic speech spectral enhancement method originally developed for additive noise reduction. As our main contribution, we propose a novel late reverberant spectral variance (LRSV) estimator which replaces the noise spectral variance in order to modify the gain function for reverberation suppression. The suggested approach employs a modified version of the WPE method in a model based smoothing scheme used for the estimation of the LRSV. According to the experiments, the proposed LRSV estimator outperforms the previous major methods considerably and scores the closest results to the theoretically true LRSV estimator. Particularly, in case of changing room impulse responses (RIRs) where other methods cannot follow the true LRSV estimator accurately, the suggested estimator is able to track true LRSV values and results in a smaller tracking error. We also target a few other aspects of the spectral enhancement method for reverberation suppression, which were explored before only for the purpose of noise reduction. These contributions include the estimation of signal to reverberant ratio (SRR) and the development of new schemes for the speech presence probability (SPP) and spectral gain flooring in the context of late reverberation suppression.

Speech Processing

Speech Processing
  • Author : Li Deng,Douglas O'Shaughnessy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-06-18
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 0824740408
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Summary : Based on years of instruction and field expertise, this volume offers the necessary tools to understand all scientific, computational, and technological aspects of speech processing. The book emphasizes mathematical abstraction, the dynamics of the speech process, and the engineering optimization practices that promote effective problem solving in this area of research and covers many years of the authors' personal research on speech processing. Speech Processing helps build valuable analytical skills to help meet future challenges in scientific and technological advances in the field and considers the complex transition from human speech processing to computer speech processing.

Single-channel Noise Reduction Algorithms for Speech Enhancement

Single-channel Noise Reduction Algorithms for Speech Enhancement
  • Author : 陳俊宏
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1131710468
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Summary :

Speech and Audio Processing for Coding, Enhancement and Recognition

Speech and Audio Processing for Coding, Enhancement and Recognition
  • Author : Tokunbo Ogunfunmi,Roberto Togneri,Madihally (Sim) Narasimha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-14
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 9781493914562
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Summary : This book describes the basic principles underlying the generation, coding, transmission and enhancement of speech and audio signals, including advanced statistical and machine learning techniques for speech and speaker recognition with an overview of the key innovations in these areas. Key research undertaken in speech coding, speech enhancement, speech recognition, emotion recognition and speaker diarization are also presented, along with recent advances and new paradigms in these areas.

Speech Enhancement by Bit-Rate Extension Based on Time-Frequency Simultaneous-Constrained Griffin-Lim Algorithm

Speech Enhancement by Bit-Rate Extension Based on Time-Frequency Simultaneous-Constrained Griffin-Lim Algorithm
  • Author : Haonan Wang,Takanobu Nishiura
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1199746589
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Summary :

Recent Advances in Robust Speech Recognition Technology

Recent Advances in Robust Speech Recognition Technology
  • Author : Javier Ramírez,Juan Manuel Górriz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-01
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 9781608051724
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Summary : This E-book is a collection of articles that describe advances in speech recognition technology. Robustness in speech recognition refers to the need to maintain high speech recognition accuracy even when the quality of the input speech is degraded, or when the acoustical, articulate, or phonetic characteristics of speech in the training and testing environments differ. Obstacles to robust recognition include acoustical degradations produced by additive noise, the effects of linear filtering, nonlinearities in transduction or transmission, as well as impulsive interfering sources, and diminished accuracy caused by changes in articulation produced by the presence of high-intensity noise sources. Although progress over the past decade has been impressive, there are significant obstacles to overcome before speech recognition systems can reach their full potential. Automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems must be robust to all levels, so that they can handle background or channel noise, the occurrence on unfamiliar words, new accents, new users, or unanticipated inputs. They must exhibit more 'intelligence' and integrate speech with other modalities, deriving the user's intent by combining speech with facial expressions, eye movements, gestures, and other input features, and communicating back to the user through multimedia responses. Therefore, as speech recognition technology is transferred from the laboratory to the marketplace, robustness in recognition becomes increasingly significant. This E-book should be useful to computer engineers interested in recent developments in speech recognition technology.

Fundamentals of Speech Enhancement

Fundamentals of Speech Enhancement
  • Author : Jacob Benesty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-09
  • Total pages :106
  • ISBN : 9783319745244
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Summary : This book presents and develops several important concepts of speech enhancement in a simple but rigorous way. Many of the ideas are new; not only do they shed light on this old problem but they also offer valuable tips on how to improve on some well-known conventional approaches. The book unifies all aspects of speech enhancement, from single channel, multichannel, beamforming, time domain, frequency domain and time–frequency domain, to binaural in a clear and flexible framework. It starts with an exhaustive discussion on the fundamental best (linear and nonlinear) estimators, showing how they are connected to various important measures such as the coefficient of determination, the correlation coefficient, the conditional correlation coefficient, and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). It then goes on to show how to exploit these measures in order to derive all kinds of noise reduction algorithms that can offer an accurate and versatile compromise between noise reduction and speech distortion.

Speech Enhancement Techniques for Digital Hearing Aids

Speech Enhancement Techniques for Digital Hearing Aids
  • Author : Komal R. Borisagar,Rohit M. Thanki,Bhavin S. Sedani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-15
  • Total pages :155
  • ISBN : 9783319968216
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Summary : ​This book provides various speech enhancement algorithms for digital hearing aids. It covers information on noise signals extracted from silences of speech signal. The description of the algorithm used for this purpose is also provided. Different types of adaptive filters such as Least Mean Squares (LMS), Normalized LMS (NLMS) and Recursive Lease Squares (RLS) are described for noise reduction in the speech signals. Different types of noises are taken to generate noisy speech signals, and therefore information on various noises signals is provided. The comparative performance of various adaptive filters for noise reduction in speech signals is also described. In addition, the book provides a speech enhancement technique using adaptive filtering and necessary frequency strength enhancement using wavelet transform as per the requirement of audiogram for digital hearing aids. Presents speech enhancement techniques for improving performance of digital hearing aids; Covers various types of adaptive filters and their advantages and limitations; Provides a hybrid speech enhancement technique using wavelet transform and adaptive filters.

Digital Speech Processing

Digital Speech Processing
  • Author : A. Nejat Ince
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-10-31
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 0792392205
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Summary : After alm ost three scores of years of basic and applied research, the field of speech processing is, at present, undergoing a rapid growth in terms of both performance and applications and this is fueHed by the advances being made in the areas of microelectronics, computation and algorithm design.Speech processing relates to three aspects of voice communications: -Speech Coding and transmission which is mainly concerned with man-to man voice communication. -Speech Synthesis which deals with machine-to-man communication. -Speech Recognition which is related to man-to-machine communication. Widespread application and use of low-bit rate voice codec.>, synthesizers and recognizers which are all speech processing products requires ideaHy internationally accepted quality assessment and evaluation methods as weH as speech processing standards so that they may be interconnected and used independently of their designers and manufacturers without costly interfaces. This book presents, in a tutorial manner, both fundamental and applied aspects of the above topics which have been prepared by weH-known specialists in their respective areas. The book is based on lectures which were sponsored by AGARD/NATO and delivered by the authors, in several NATO countries, to audiences consisting mainly of academic and industrial R&D engineers and physicists as weH as civil and military C3I systems planners and designers.

Signal Processing for Telecommunications and Multimedia

Signal Processing for Telecommunications and Multimedia
  • Author : Tadeusz A. Wysocki,Bahram Honary,Beata J. Wysocki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-10-01
  • Total pages :285
  • ISBN : 0387228470
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Summary : The unprecedented growth in the range of multimedia services offered these days by modern telecommunication systems has been made possible only because of the advancements in signal processing technologies and algorithms. In the area of telecommunications, application of signal processing allows for new generations of systems to achieve performance close to theoretical limits, while in the area of multimedia, signal processing the underlying technology making possible realization of such applications that not so long ago were considered just a science fiction or were not even dreamed about. We all learnt to adopt those achievements very quickly, but often the research enabling their introduction takes many years and a lot of efforts. This book presents a group of invited contributions, some of which have been based on the papers presented at the International Symposium on DSP for Communication Systems held in Coolangatta on the Gold Coast, Australia, in December 2003. Part 1 of the book deals with applications of signal processing to transform what we hear or see to the form that is most suitable for transmission or storage for a future retrieval. The first three chapters in this part are devoted to processing of speech and other audio signals. The next two chapters consider image coding and compression, while the last chapter of this part describes classification of video sequences in the MPEG domain.

Fractional Fourier Transform Techniques for Speech Enhancement

Fractional Fourier Transform Techniques for Speech Enhancement
  • Author : Prajna Kunche
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9783030427467
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Summary :

Nonlinear Speech Modeling and Applications

Nonlinear Speech Modeling and Applications
  • Author : Gerard Chollet,Anna Esposito,Marcos Faundez-Zanuy,Maria Marinaro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-07-04
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 9783540274414
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Summary : This book presents the revised tutorial lectures given at the International Summer School on Nonlinear Speech Processing-Algorithms and Analysis held in Vietri sul Mare, Salerno, Italy in September 2004. The 14 revised tutorial lectures by leading international researchers are organized in topical sections on dealing with nonlinearities in speech signals, acoustic-to-articulatory modeling of speech phenomena, data driven and speech processing algorithms, and algorithms and models based on speech perception mechanisms. Besides the tutorial lectures, 15 revised reviewed papers are included presenting original research results on task oriented speech applications.