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Structural Alloys for Power Plants

Structural Alloys for Power Plants
  • Author : A. Shirzadi,S. Jackson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-30
  • Total pages :516
  • ISBN : 9780857097552
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Summary : Current fleets of conventional and nuclear power plants face increasing hostile environmental conditions due to increasingly high temperature operation for improved capacity and efficiency, and the need for long term service. Additional challenges are presented by the requirement to cycle plants to meet peak-load operation. This book presents a comprehensive review of structural materials in conventional and nuclear energy applications. Opening chapters address operational challenges and structural alloy requirements in different types of power plants. The following sections review power plant structural alloys and methods to mitigate critical materials degradation in power plants.

Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications

Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications
  • Author : Robert Odette,Steven Zinkle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-15
  • Total pages :673
  • ISBN : 9780123973498
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Summary : High-performance alloys that can withstand operation in hazardous nuclear environments are critical to presentday in-service reactor support and maintenance and are foundational for reactor concepts of the future. With commercial nuclear energy vendors and operators facing the retirement of staff during the coming decades, much of the scholarly knowledge of nuclear materials pursuant to appropriate, impactful, and safe usage is at risk. Led by the multi-award winning editorial team of G. Robert Odette (UCSB) and Steven J. Zinkle (UTK/ORNL) and with contributions from leaders of each alloy discipline, Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications aids the next generation of researchers and industry staff developing and maintaining steels, nickel-base alloys, zirconium alloys, and other structural alloys in nuclear energy applications. This authoritative reference is a critical acquisition for institutions and individuals seeking state-of-the-art knowledge aided by the editors’ unique personal insight from decades of frontline research, engineering and management. Focuses on in-service irradiation, thermal, mechanical, and chemical performance capabilities. Covers the use of steels and other structural alloys in current fission technology, leading edge Generation-IV fission reactors, and future fusion power reactors. Provides a critical and comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art experimental knowledge base of reactor materials, for applications ranging from engineering safety and lifetime assessments to supporting the development of advanced computational models.

Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications

Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications
  • Author : Robert Odette,Steven Zinkle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-15
  • Total pages :673
  • ISBN : 9780123973498
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Summary : High-performance alloys that can withstand operation in hazardous nuclear environments are critical to presentday in-service reactor support and maintenance and are foundational for reactor concepts of the future. With commercial nuclear energy vendors and operators facing the retirement of staff during the coming decades, much of the scholarly knowledge of nuclear materials pursuant to appropriate, impactful, and safe usage is at risk. Led by the multi-award winning editorial team of G. Robert Odette (UCSB) and Steven J. Zinkle (UTK/ORNL) and with contributions from leaders of each alloy discipline, Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications aids the next generation of researchers and industry staff developing and maintaining steels, nickel-base alloys, zirconium alloys, and other structural alloys in nuclear energy applications. This authoritative reference is a critical acquisition for institutions and individuals seeking state-of-the-art knowledge aided by the editors’ unique personal insight from decades of frontline research, engineering and management. Focuses on in-service irradiation, thermal, mechanical, and chemical performance capabilities. Covers the use of steels and other structural alloys in current fission technology, leading edge Generation-IV fission reactors, and future fusion power reactors. Provides a critical and comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art experimental knowledge base of reactor materials, for applications ranging from engineering safety and lifetime assessments to supporting the development of advanced computational models.

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors
  • Author : Pascal Yvon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-27
  • Total pages :684
  • ISBN : 9780081009123
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Summary : Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment
  • Author : A. Shibli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-24
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780857097323
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Summary : Due to their continuing role in electricity generation, it is important that coal power plants operate as efficiently and cleanly as possible. Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment reviews the materials used in coal plants, and how they can be assessed and managed to optimize plant operation. Part I considers the structural alloys used in coal plants. Part II then reviews performance modelling and life assessment techniques, explains the inspection and life-management approaches that can be adopted to optimize long term plant operation, and considers the technical and economic issues involved in meeting variable energy demands. Summarizes key research on coal-fired power plant materials, their behavior under operational loads, and approaches to life assessment and defect management Details the range of structural alloys used in coal power plants, and the life assessment techniques applicable to defect-free components under operational loads Reviews the life assessment techniques applicable to components containing defects and the approaches that can be adopted to optimize plant operation and new plant and component design

Water Chemistry and Corrosion of Nuclear Power Plant Structural Materials

Water Chemistry and Corrosion of Nuclear Power Plant Structural Materials
  • Author : V. G. Kritsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :313
  • ISBN : UOM:39015055458627
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Summary : This book addresses structural material corrosion in coolant circuits, simulation of erosion corrosion of carbon and low-alloy steels, and simulation of stress corrosion. It also discusses corrosion of copper alloys, zirconium corrosion, optimization of water chemistry at operating nuclear power plants, coolant tendency to deposit hardness salts on heat-transfer surfaces, and inspection of metallic components. In addition, there are two appendixes, the first showing the chemical composition of steels, the second discussing solubility of iron, cobalt, zinc and copper corrosion products under conditions simulating power unit water chemistry.

Fundamental Aspects of Structural Alloy Design

Fundamental Aspects of Structural Alloy Design
  • Author : Robert Jaffee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-21
  • Total pages :668
  • ISBN : 9781468424218
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Summary : FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS OF STRUCTURAL ALLOY DESIGN is the proceedings of the tenth Battelle Colloquium in the Materials Sciences, held in Seattle, Washington, and Harrison Hot Springs, B.C., September 15-19, 1975. The theme of the conference was the emerging science of alloy design. Although the relationships of properties of alloys to their composition and structure have long been a dominant theme in physical metallurgy, it is only recently that metallurgists have turned their attention from the analytical, post hoc study of the structure-property relationship to the synthesis approach of alloy design. As usual in the Battelle colloquia, the first day started with a group of introductory lectures presented by leaders in the field, each emphasizing his personal approach to the problem. This provided a historical perspective for the colloquium. These papers, together with the banquet address of Professor J. R. Low, Jr., who was honored at the colloquium, comprise the introductory section of these proceedings. Alloy design is generally specific to a given application. Thus, the needs in alloy design in a number of important applications, gas turbines, electrical-power-generation equipment, airframes, pressure vessels, and nuclear applications were presented in a group of papers. An agenda discus sion on "Needs in Alloy Design" followed. These papers give the external constraints on alloy design applications, and criteria for mechanical, physical, and chemical properties for which the alloys must be designed.

Properties of Reactor Structural Alloys After Neutron Or Particle Irradiation

Properties of Reactor Structural Alloys After Neutron Or Particle Irradiation
  • Author : C. J. Baroch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1975
  • Total pages :631
  • ISBN : 0803105398
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Summary :

Frontiers in Materials Science

Frontiers in Materials Science
  • Author : B. Raj
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :876
  • ISBN : 8173715076
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Summary : This volume presents contributions by a galaxy of eminent scientists and technologists from the world over in broad spectrum of areas in materials science, providing a global perspective on complex issues of current concern and the direction of research in these areas.

Creep-Resistant Steels

Creep-Resistant Steels
  • Author : Fujio Abe,Torsten-Ulf Kern,R Viswanathan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-14
  • Total pages :700
  • ISBN : 9781845694012
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Summary : Creep-resistant steels are widely used in the petroleum, chemical and power generation industries. Creep-resistant steels must be reliable over very long periods of time at high temperatures and in severe environments. Understanding and improving long-term creep strength is essential for safe operation of plant and equipment. This book provides an authoritative summary of key research in this important area. The first part of the book describes the specifications and manufacture of creep-resistant steels. Part two covers the behaviour of creep-resistant steels and methods for strengthening them. The final group of chapters analyses applications in such areas as turbines and nuclear reactors. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Creep-resistant steels is a valuable reference for the power generation, petrochemical and other industries which use high strength steels at elevated temperatures. Describes the specifications and manufacture of creep-resistant steels Strengthening methods are discussed in detail Different applications are analysed including turbines and nuclear reactors

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Philip G Tipping
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-26
  • Total pages :944
  • ISBN : 9781845699956
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Summary : Plant life management (PLiM) is a methodology focussed on the safety-first management of nuclear power plants over their entire lifetime. It incorporates and builds upon the usual periodic safety reviews and licence renewals as part of an overall framework designed to assist plant operators and regulators in assessing the operating conditions of a nuclear power plant, and establishing the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants critically reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC), along with their relevant analysis and mitigation paths, as well as reactor-type specific PLiM practices. Obsolescence and other less obvious ageing-related aspects in nuclear power plant operation are also examined in depth. Part one introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix, and the importance and relevance of plant life management for the safety regulation and economics of nuclear power plants. Key ageing degradation mechanisms and their effects in nuclear power plant systems, structures and components are reviewed in part two, along with routes taken to characterise and analyse the ageing of materials and to mitigate or eliminate ageing degradation effects. Part three reviews analysis, monitoring and modelling techniques applicable to the study of nuclear power plant materials, as well as the application of advanced systems, structures and components in nuclear power plants. Finally, Part IV reviews the particular ageing degradation issues, plant designs, and application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants is a standard reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, and nuclear safety and materials professionals and researchers. Introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix Reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC) Examines topics including elimination of ageing effects, plant design, and the application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types

5th FORUM ON NEW MATERIALS

5th FORUM ON NEW MATERIALS
  • Author : Pietro Vincenzini,Cynthia Powell,Marco Vittori Antisari,Vincenzo Antonucci,Fausto Croce
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-27
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9783038134299
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Summary : The 49 peer-reviewed papers collected here together offer a plenitude of up-to-date information on “Advanced Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies, Hydrogen Production and Storage, Fuel Cells, Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems”. The papers are conveniently arranged into MATERIALS FOR ADVANCED FOSSIL FUEL ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, MATERIALS IN HYDROGEN PRODUCTION AND STORAGE, Hydrogen Production, Hydrogen Storage, FUEL CELLS: MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY CHALLENGES, MATERIALS IN ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS.

Structural Design of Air and Gas Ducts for Power Stations and Industrial Boiler Applications

Structural Design of Air and Gas Ducts for Power Stations and Industrial Boiler Applications
  • Author : American Society of Civil Engineers. Air and Gas Duct Structural Design Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 0784415587
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Summary : Prepared by the Air and Gas Duct Structural Design Committee of the Energy Division of ASCE Structural Design of Air and Gas Ducts for Power Stations and Industrial Boiler Applications, Second Edition, assists structural engineers in the layout and performance of the structural analysis and design of air and flue gas ductwork for natural gas, coal, oil, reciprocating internal combustion engines (RICE), and all other fossil fuel power stations and industrial boiler applications. Air and flue gas ducts are unique structures, yet the structural analysis and design of ductwork is not currently addressed or governed by any national code or design standard. Topics include Flow, damper, and expansion joint ductwork arrangement considerations and impacts on the structural design; Material selection, behavior, and performance of carbon steel, stainless steel, and alloys for elevated temperatures and in corrosive environments including creep rupture, temper embrittlement, and graphitization phenomena; Air and flue gas ductwork unique loading cases and means of considering these loads in ASD and LRFD load combinations; Truss and finite element structural analysis modeling techniques; Strength design methods incorporating the AISC stability requirements (P-delta impacts); Longitudinal, tangential, and hoop stress considerations for the design of circular ductwork; Thermal and vibration considerations including thermal gradients and vortex shedding of internal elements; Thermal insulation systems; Toggle duct behavior and expansion joint considerations; and Structural assessment and reinforcement of ductwork as a result of changing operating conditions or ductwork modification. This fully updated report also discusses drawing and specification content, fabrication and construction techniques and considerations, duct support means, and special considerations regarding the design of duct support structures. Preventative maintenance examinations and inspections for the purpose of condition assessment and ascertaining the structural integrity of the ducts also are discussed. This new edition will be a valuable tool for structural engineers to understand the structural behavior of a duct system and in analyzing and designing its many structural components.

Energy Materials Coordinating Committe (EMaCC): Fiscal Year 2004 Annual Technical Report

Energy Materials Coordinating Committe (EMaCC): Fiscal Year 2004 Annual Technical Report
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781422345597
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Summary :

Advanced Heat Resistant Steels for Power Generation

Advanced Heat Resistant Steels for Power Generation
  • Author : Ramaswamy Viswanathan,Jack Nutting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :695
  • ISBN : 1861250797
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Summary : Organised by the Electric Power Institute, this conference attracted 135 delegates from 17 countries. The proceedings volume represents a state-of-the-art overview of the latest developments in 9-12 Cr steels and their applications in power generation equipment.

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants

Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Philip G Tipping
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-26
  • Total pages :944
  • ISBN : 9781845699956
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Plant life management (PLiM) is a methodology focussed on the safety-first management of nuclear power plants over their entire lifetime. It incorporates and builds upon the usual periodic safety reviews and licence renewals as part of an overall framework designed to assist plant operators and regulators in assessing the operating conditions of a nuclear power plant, and establishing the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants critically reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC), along with their relevant analysis and mitigation paths, as well as reactor-type specific PLiM practices. Obsolescence and other less obvious ageing-related aspects in nuclear power plant operation are also examined in depth. Part one introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix, and the importance and relevance of plant life management for the safety regulation and economics of nuclear power plants. Key ageing degradation mechanisms and their effects in nuclear power plant systems, structures and components are reviewed in part two, along with routes taken to characterise and analyse the ageing of materials and to mitigate or eliminate ageing degradation effects. Part three reviews analysis, monitoring and modelling techniques applicable to the study of nuclear power plant materials, as well as the application of advanced systems, structures and components in nuclear power plants. Finally, Part IV reviews the particular ageing degradation issues, plant designs, and application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants is a standard reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, and nuclear safety and materials professionals and researchers. Introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix Reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC) Examines topics including elimination of ageing effects, plant design, and the application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types

Design and Construction of Nuclear Power Plants

Design and Construction of Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Rüdiger Meiswinkel,Julian Meyer,Jürgen Schnell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-10
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9783433602751
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Summary : Despite all the efforts being put into expanding renewable energy sources, large-scale power stations will be essential as part of a reliable energy supply strategy for a longer period. Given that they are low on CO2 emissions, many countries are moving into or expanding nuclear energy to cover their baseload supply. Building structures required for nuclear plants whose protective function means they are classified as safety-related, have to meet particular construction requirements more stringent than those involved in conventional construction. This book gives a comprehensive overview from approval aspects given by nuclear and construction law, with special attention to the interface between plant and construction engineering, to a building structure classification. All life cycle phases are considered, with the primary focus on execution. Accidental actions on structures, the safety concept and design and fastening systems are exposed to a particular treatment. Selected chapters from the German concrete yearbook are now being published in the new English "Beton-Kalender Series" for the benefit of an international audience. Since it was founded in 1906, the Ernst & Sohn "Beton-Kalender" has been supporting developments in reinforced and prestressed concrete. The aim was to publish a yearbook to reflect progress in "ferro-concrete" structures until - as the book's first editor, Fritz von Emperger (1862-1942), expressed it - the "tempestuous development" in this form of construction came to an end. However, the "Beton-Kalender" quickly became the chosen work of reference for civil and structural engineers, and apart from the years 1945-1950 has been published annually ever since.

Applied Nanoindentation in Advanced Materials

Applied Nanoindentation in Advanced Materials
  • Author : Atul Tiwari,Sridhar Natarajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-30
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 9781119084495
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Summary : Research in the area of nanoindentation has gained significant momentum in recent years, but there are very few books currently available which can educate researchers on the application aspects of this technique in various areas of materials science. Applied Nanoindentation in Advanced Materials addresses this need and is a comprehensive, self-contained reference covering applied aspects of nanoindentation in advanced materials. With contributions from leading researchers in the field, this book is divided into three parts. Part one covers innovations and analysis, and parts two and three examine the application and evaluation of soft and ceramic-like materials respectively. Key features: A one stop solution for scholars and researchers to learn applied aspects of nanoindentation Contains contributions from leading researchers in the field Includes the analysis of key properties that can be studied using the nanoindentation technique Covers recent innovations Includes worked examples Applied Nanoindentation in Advanced Materials is an ideal reference for researchers and practitioners working in the areas of nanotechnology and nanomechanics, and is also a useful source of information for graduate students in mechanical and materials engineering, and chemistry. This book also contains a wealth of information for scientists and engineers interested in mathematical modelling and simulations related to nanoindentation testing and analysis.

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors
  • Author : John H. Jackson,Denise Paraventi,Michael Wright
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-20
  • Total pages :2532
  • ISBN : 9783030046392
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Summary : This two-volume set represents a collection of papers presented at the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems – Water Reactors. The purpose of this conference series is to foster an exchange of ideas about problems and their remedies in water-cooled nuclear power plants of today and the future. Contributions cover problems facing nickel-based alloys, stainless steels, pressure vessel and piping steels, zirconium alloys, and other alloys in water environments of relevance. Components covered include pressure boundary components, reactor vessels and internals, steam generators, fuel cladding, irradiated components, fuel storage containers, and balance of plant components and systems.

Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors

Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors
  • Author : Gabriell Ilevbare,Jeremy Busby,Peter Andersen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-17
  • Total pages :2354
  • ISBN : 9783319487601
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Summary : This 15th Edition of the International Conference on Materials Degradation in Light Water Reactors focuses on subject areas critical to the safe and efficient running of nuclear reactor systems through the exchange and discussion of reseach results as well as field operating and management experience.

Encyclopedia of Iron, Steel, and Their Alloys (Online Version)

Encyclopedia of Iron, Steel, and Their Alloys (Online Version)
  • Author : Rafael Colás,George E. Totten
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-06
  • Total pages :4038
  • ISBN : 9781000031676
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Summary : The first of many important works featured in CRC Press’ Metals and Alloys Encyclopedia Collection, the Encyclopedia of Iron, Steel, and Their Alloys covers all the fundamental, theoretical, and application-related aspects of the metallurgical science, engineering, and technology of iron, steel, and their alloys. This Five-Volume Set addresses topics such as extractive metallurgy, powder metallurgy and processing, physical metallurgy, production engineering, corrosion engineering, thermal processing, metalworking, welding, iron- and steelmaking, heat treating, rolling, casting, hot and cold forming, surface finishing and coating, crystallography, metallography, computational metallurgy, metal-matrix composites, intermetallics, nano- and micro-structured metals and alloys, nano- and micro-alloying effects, special steels, and mining. A valuable reference for materials scientists and engineers, chemists, manufacturers, miners, researchers, and students, this must-have encyclopedia: Provides extensive coverage of properties and recommended practices Includes a wealth of helpful charts, nomograms, and figures Contains cross referencing for quick and easy search Each entry is written by a subject-matter expert and reviewed by an international panel of renowned researchers from academia, government, and industry. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]