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Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
  • Author : Julian F. V. Vincent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 0691025134
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Summary : "This book should go a long way towards filling the communication gap between biology and physics in [the area of biomaterials]. It begins with the basic theory of elasticity and viscoelasticity, describing concepts like stress, strain, compliance, and plasticity in simple mathematical terms. . . . For the non-biologist, these chapters provide a clear account of macromolecular structure and conformation. . . . [Vincent's work] is a delight to read, full of interesting anecdotes and examples from unexpected sources. . . . I can strongly recommend this book, as it shows how biologists could use mechanical properties as well as conventional methods to deduce molecular structure."--Anna Furth, The Times Higher Education Supplement In what is now recognized as a standard introduction to biomaterials, Julian Vincent presents a biologist's analysis of the structural materials of organisms, using molecular biology as a starting point. He explores the chemical structure of both proteins and polysaccharides, illustrating how their composition and bonding determine the mechanical properties of the materials in which they occurincluding pliant composites such as skin, artery, and plant tissue; stiff composites such as insect cuticle and wood; and biological ceramics such as teeth, bone, and eggshell. Here Vincent discusses the possibilities of taking ideas from nature with biomimicry and "intelligent" (or self-designing and sensitive) materials.

Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
  • Author : Julian Vincent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-29
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9781400842780
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Summary : This is a thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded edition of a classic illustrated introduction to the structural materials in natural organisms and what we can learn from them to improve man-made technology--from nanotechnology to textiles to architecture. Julian Vincent's book has long been recognized as a standard work on the engineering design of biomaterials and is used by undergraduates, graduates, researchers, and professionals studying biology, zoology, engineering, and biologically inspired design. This third edition incorporates new developments in the field, the most important of which have been at the molecular level. All of the illustrations have been redrawn, the references have been updated, and a new chapter on biomimetic design has been added. Vincent emphasizes the mechanical properties of structural biomaterials, their contribution to the lives of organisms, and how these materials differ from man-made ones. He shows how the properties of biomaterials are derived from their chemistry and interactions, and how to measure them. Starting with proteins and polysaccharides, he shows how skin and hair function, how materials self-assemble, and how ceramics such as bone and mother-of-pearl can be so stiff and tough, despite being made in water in benign ambient conditions. Finally, he combines these topics with an analysis of how the design of biomaterials can be adapted in technology, and presents a series of guidelines for designers. An accessible illustrated introduction with minimal technical jargon Suitable for undergraduates and more advanced readers Integrates chemistry, mechanics, and biology Includes descriptions of all biological materials Simple exposition of mechanical analysis of materials

Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
  • Author : Cuie Wen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-20
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 9780128188323
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Summary : Structural Biomaterials: Properties, Characteristics, and Selection serves as a single point of reference to digest current research and develop a deeper understanding in the field of biomaterials engineering. This book uses a materials-focused approach, allowing the reader to quickly access specific, detailed information on biomaterials characterization and selection. Relevant to a range of readers, this book provides holistic coverage of the broad categories of structural biomaterials currently available and used in medical applications, highlighting the property requirements for structural biomaterials, their biocompatibility performance and their safety regulation in key categories such as metals, ceramics and polymers. The materials science perspective of this text ensures the content is accessible even to those without an extensive background in applied medicine, positioning this text not just for students, but as an overview and reference for researchers, scientists and engineers entering the field from related materials science disciplines. Provides a unique, holistic approach, covering key biomaterials categories in one text, including metals, ceramics and polymers Discusses advantages, disadvantages, biocompatibility performance and safety regulations, allowing for accurate materials selection in medical applications Utilizes a materials science perspective, allowing those without an extensive applied medical background to learn about the field

Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
  • Author : Julian F. V. Vincent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-08
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0613915577
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Summary : "This book should go a long way towards filling the communication gap between biology and physics in [the area of biomaterials]. It begins with the basic theory of elasticity and viscoelasticity, describing concepts like stress, strain, compliance, and plasticity in simple mathematical terms. . . . For the non-biologist, these chapters provide a clear account of macromolecular structure and conformation. . . . [Vincent's work] is a delight to read, full of interesting anecdotes and examples from unexpected sources. . . . I can strongly recommend this book, as it shows how biologists could use mechanical properties as well as conventional methods to deduce molecular structure".--Anna Furth, The Times Higher Education SupplementIn what is now recognized as a standard introduction to biomaterials, Julian Vincent presents a biologist's analysis of the structural materials of organisms, using molecular biology as a starting point. He explores the chemical structure of both proteins and polysaccharides, illustrating how their composition and bonding determine the mechanical properties of the materials in which they occurincluding pliant composites such as skin, artery, and plant tissue; stiff composites such as insect cuticle and wood; and biological ceramics such as teeth, bone, and eggshell. Here Vincent discusses the possibilities of taking ideas from nature with biomimicry and "intelligent" (or self-designing and sensitive) materials.

Structural Biomaterials for the 21st Century

Structural Biomaterials for the 21st Century
  • Author : Minerals, Metals and Materials Society. Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : UVA:X004551397
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Summary :

Structural Biomaterials

Structural Biomaterials
  • Author : Julian Vincent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1905
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 1400899710
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Summary : Structural Biomaterials: Third Edition Julian Vincent This is a thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded edition of a classic illustrated introduction to the structural materials in natural organisms and what we can learn from them to improve man-made technology--from nanotechnology to textiles to architecture. Julian Vincent's book has long been recognized as a standard work on the engineering design of biomaterials and is used by undergraduates, graduates, researchers, and professionals studying biology, zoology, engineering, and biologically inspired design. This third edition incorpo.

Spectroscopic and Structural Studies of Biomaterials: Proteins

Spectroscopic and Structural Studies of Biomaterials: Proteins
  • Author : Jacek Twardowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :289
  • ISBN : UCAL:B4497679
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Summary :

Mechanical Design of Structural Materials in Animals

Mechanical Design of Structural Materials in Animals
  • Author : John M. Gosline
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-08
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780691176871
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Summary : Mechanical Design of Structural Materials in Animals explores the principles underlying how molecules interact to produce the functional attributes of biological materials: their strength and stiffness, ability to absorb and store energy, and ability to resist the fatigue that accrues through a lifetime of physical insults. These attributes play a central role in determining the size and shape of animals, the ways in which they can move, and how they interact with their environment. By showing how structural materials have been designed by evolution, John Gosline sheds important light on how animals work. Gosline elucidates the pertinent theories for how molecules are arranged into macromolecular structures and how those structures are then built up into whole organisms. In particular, Gosline develops the theory of discontinuous, fiber-reinforced composites, which he employs in a grand synthesis to explain the properties of everything from the body wall of sea anemones to spiders' silks and insect cuticles, tendons, ligaments, and bones. Although the theories are examined in depth, Gosline's elegant discussion makes them accessible to anyone with an interest in the mechanics of life. Focusing on the materials from which animals are constructed, this book answers fundamental questions about mechanical properties in nature.

Structural Biomaterials for the 21st Century

Structural Biomaterials for the 21st Century
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 0873394879
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Summary : This collection of papers from the 2001 TMS Annual Meeting held in New Orleans, provides an overview of technologies and applications of structural metallic, ceramic, plastic and composite biomaterials. It discusses materials, special processes, specific applications and fatigue/wear response.

Marine Biomaterials

Marine Biomaterials
  • Author : Se-Kwon Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-11
  • Total pages :840
  • ISBN : 9781466505650
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Summary : Oceans are an abundant source of diverse biomaterials with potential for an array of uses. Marine Biomaterials: Characterization, Isolation and Applications brings together the wide range of research in this important area, including the latest developments and applications, from preliminary research to clinical trials. The book is divided into four parts, with chapters written by experts from around the world. Biomaterials described come from a variety of marine sources, such as fish, algae, microorganisms, crustaceans, and mollusks. Part I covers the isolation and characterization of marine biomaterials—bioceramics, biopolymers, fatty acids, toxins and pigments, nanoparticles, and adhesive materials. It also describes problems that may be encountered in the process as well as possible solutions. Part II looks at biological activities of marine biomaterials, including polysaccharides, biotoxins, and peptides. Chapters examine health benefits of the biomaterials, such as antiviral activity, antidiabetic properties, anticoagulant and anti-allergic effects, and more. Part III discusses biomedical applications of marine biomaterials, including nanocomposites, and describes applications of various materials in tissue engineering and drug delivery. Part IV explores commercialization of marine-derived biomaterials—marine polysaccharides and marine enzymes—and examines industry perspectives and applications. This book covers the key aspects of available marine biomaterials for biological and biomedical applications, and presents techniques that can be used for future isolation of novel materials from marine sources.

ENGR3810, Structural Biomaterials

ENGR3810, Structural Biomaterials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:57654996
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Summary :

Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Author : M Jaffe,W. Hammond,P Tolias,T Arinzeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-19
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9780857093684
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Summary : Biomaterials and medical devices must be rigorously tested in the laboratory before they can be implanted. Testing requires the right analytical techniques. Characterization of biomaterials reviews the latest methods for analyzing the structure, properties and behaviour of biomaterials. Beginning with an introduction to microscopy techniques for analyzing the phase nature and morphology of biomaterials, Characterization of biomaterials goes on to discuss scattering techniques for structural analysis, quantitative assays for measuring cell adhesion, motility and differentiation, and the evaluation of cell infiltration and tissue formation using bioreactors. Further topics considered include studying molecular-scale protein-surface interactions in biomaterials, analysis of the cellular genome and abnormalities, and the use of microarrays to measure cellular changes induced by biomaterials. Finally, the book concludes by outlining standards and methods for assessing the safety and biocompatibility of biomaterials. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Characterization of biomaterials is an authoritative reference tool for all those involved in the development, production and application of biomaterials. Reviews the latest methods for analyzing the structure, properties and behaviour of biomaterials Discusses scattering techniques for structural analysis, quantitative assays for measuring cell adhesion, and motility and differentiation Examines the evaluation of cell infiltration and tissue formation using bioreactors

Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering
  • Author : Donglu Shi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9783662061046
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Summary : The current interest in developing novel materials has motivated an increasing need for biological and medical studies in a variety of dinical applications. Indeed, it is dear that to achieve the requisite mechanical, chemical and biomedical properties, especially for new bioactive materials, it is necessary to develop novel synthesis routes. The tremendous success of materials science in developing new biomaterials and fostering technological innovation arises from its focus on interdisciplinary research and collaboration between materials and medical sciences. Materials scientists seek to relate one natural phenomenon to the basic structures of the materials and to recognize the causes and effects of the phenomena. In this way, they have developed explanations for the changing of the properties, the reactions of the materials to the environment, the interface behaviors between the artificial materials and human tissue, the time effects on the materials, and many other natural occurrences. By the same means, medical scientists have also studied the biological and medical effects of these materials, and generated the knowledge needed to produce useful medical devices. The concept of biomaterials is one of the most important ideas ever generated by the application of materials science to the medical field. In traditional materials research, interest focuses primarilyon the synthesis , structure, and mechanical properties of materials commonly used for structural purposes in industry, for instance in mechanical parts of machinery.

Biomaterials

Biomaterials
  • Author : Seeram Ramakrishna,Murugan Ramalingam,T .S. Sampath Kumar,Winston O. Soboyejo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 9781420047820
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Summary : There are several well-known books on the market that cover biomaterials in a general way, but none provide adequate focus on the future of and potential for actual uses of emerging nanontechnology in this burgeoning field.Biomaterials: A Nano Approach is written from a multi-disciplinary point of view that integrates aspects of materials science a

Nanostructured Biomaterials

Nanostructured Biomaterials
  • Author : Junbai Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9780359589371
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Summary :

Learning from Nature How to Design New Implantable Biomaterials: From Biomineralization Fundamentals to Biomimetic Materials and Processing Routes

Learning from Nature How to Design New Implantable Biomaterials: From Biomineralization Fundamentals to Biomimetic Materials and Processing Routes
  • Author : Rui L. Reis,S. Weiner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-09-10
  • Total pages :234
  • ISBN : 1402026447
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Summary : The development of materials for any replacement or regeneration application should be based on the thorough understanding of the structure to be substituted. This is true in many fields, but particularly exigent in substitution and regeneration medicine. The demands upon the material properties largely depend on the site of application and the function it has to restore. Ideally, a replacement material should mimic the living tissue from a mechanical, chemical, biological and functional point of view. Of course this is much easier to write down than to implement in clinical practice. Mineralized tissues such as bones, tooth and shells have attracted, in the last few years, considerable interest as natural anisotropic composite structures with adequate mechanical properties. In fact, Nature is and will continue to be the best materials scientist ever. Who better than nature can design complex structures and control the intricate phenomena (processing routes) that lead to the final shape and structure (from the macro to the nano level) of living creatures? Who can combine biological and physico-chemical mechanisms in such a way that can build ideal structure-properties relationships? Who, else than Nature, can really design smart structural components that respond in-situ to exterior stimulus, being able of adapting constantly their microstructure and correspondent properties? In the described philosophy line, mineralized tissues and biomineralization processes are ideal examples to learn-from for the materials scientist of the future.

Integrated Biomaterials Science

Integrated Biomaterials Science
  • Author : Rolando Barbucci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-10-31
  • Total pages :1037
  • ISBN : 9780306466786
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Summary : Integrated Biomaterials Science provides an intriguing insight into the world of biomaterials. It explores the materials and technology which have brought advances in new biomaterials, highlighting the way in which modern biology and medicine are synergistically linked to other key scientific disciplines-physics, chemistry, and engineering. In doing so, Integrated Biomaterials Science contains chapters on tissue engineering and gene therapy, standards and parameters of biomaterials, applications and interactions within the industrial world, as well as potential aspects of patent regulations. Integrated Biomaterials Science serves as a comprehensive guide to understanding this dynamic field, yet is designed so that chapters may be read and understood independently, depending on the needs of the reader. Integrated Biomaterials Science is attractive to a broad audience interested in a deeper understanding of this evolving field, and serves as a key resource for researchers and students of biomaterials courses, providing all with an opportunity to probe further. Key Features: -Comprehensively covers the latest developments in the field, -Each chapter is written by key field leaders, -Covers applications and interactions within the industrial world, -Presents standards on biomaterials, -Explores aspects of patent regulations and patentability of biomaterials, -Exceptionally detailed, yet easily understood - perfect as a guide for professional researchers or as a text for emerging students.

Characterization of biomaterials

Characterization of biomaterials
  • Author : N. Sanjeeva Murthy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-19
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9780128091685
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Summary : Biomaterials often exhibit structures at multiple length scales that influence the chemical, physical, mechanical and biological properties of a material. This chapter discusses techniques used to determine these structures: light scattering for the determination of particle sizes ~0.1μm; wide-angle X-ray scattering for analyzing the molecular structure, crystallinity and morphology in the solid state (~1nm); small-angle X-ray scattering for obtaining structural information at mesoscale (10nm) to determine lamellar structure and phase behavior in the solid state, and size and aggregation behavior of particles in solution; and small-angle neutron scattering using molecules labeled with deuterium for the analysis of single chain dimensions, polymer mixtures and solvent diffusion in the solid state.

Supramolecular and Colloidal Structures in Biomaterials and Biosubstrates

Supramolecular and Colloidal Structures in Biomaterials and Biosubstrates
  • Author : M Lal,P J Lillford,V M Naik,V Prakash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-05-12
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9781783261673
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Summary : Of central importance in personal care, food, pharmaceutics, and biotechnology, biomaterials and biosubstrates formed the subject of the fifth meeting of the Royal Society-Unilever INDO-UK Forum in Materials Science and Engineering. The programme for this meeting dwelt on two principal foci: (i) new advances in the measurement of the supramolecular and colloidal structures, and (ii) the relationship of these structures to the functional properties of the materials. This volume is a compilation of selected papers presented at the meeting by world-renowned scientists who included, among others, Prof E D T Atkins (Bristol, UK), Prof N Chandrakumar (Chennai, India), Dr A M Hermansson (Goteborg, Sweden), Dr V J Morris (Norwich, UK), Prof P Walstra (Wageningen, The Netherlands), Dr V Prakash (Mysore, India), Prof S B Ross-Murphy (King's College, London, UK), Prof G E Rogers (Adelaide, Australia), Dr T Kealey (Cambridge, UK) and Prof N Appaji Rao (Bangalore, India). Contents:Chain-Folded apβ-Sheet Lamellar Structures from Genetically-Engineered Periodic Polypeptides (E D T Atkins)C-13 NMR Imaging: Techniques and Applications to Materials and Biological Systems (N Chandrakumar)Supermolecular and Colloidal Food Structures: Novel Microscopic Approaches (A M Hermansson)Molecular Microscopy (V J Morris & A P Gunning)Supramolecular Structure of Proteins: Can Equilibrium be Shifted in Multimeric Proteins to Supernative Structure with Higher Stability in Certain Cosolvents? (V Prakash et al.)Fractal Particle Gels in Foods (P Walstra)The Rheology of Macromolecular and Supramolecular Biomaterials (S B Ross-Murphy)Cells and Molecules in the Properties of Hair and Wool (G E Rogers)The Cell Biology of Skin and Hair (T Kealey)Tetrameric Serine HydroxymethyItransferase: Insights into Molecular Organisation, Function and Rational Drug Design (N A Rao et al.)and other papers Readership: Materials scientists, chemists and biologists.

Biomaterials and Bionanotechnology

Biomaterials and Bionanotechnology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-29
  • Total pages :724
  • ISBN : 9780128144282
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Summary : Biomaterials and Bionanotechnology examines the current state of the field within pharmaceutical sciences and concisely explains the history of biomaterials including key developments. Written by experts in the field, this volume within the Advances in Pharmaceutical Product Development and Research series deepens understanding of biomaterials and bionanotechnology within drug discovery and drug development. Each chapter delves into a particular aspect of this fast-moving field to cover the fundamental principles, advanced methodologies and technologies employed by pharmaceutical scientists, researchers and pharmaceutical industries to transform a drug candidate or new chemical entity into a final administrable dosage form, with particular focus on biomaterials and bionanomaterials. This book provides a comprehensive examination suitable for researchers working in the pharmaceutical, cosmetics, biotechnology, food and related industries as well as advanced students in these fields. Examines the most recent developments in biomaterials and nanomaterials for pharmaceutical sciences Covers important topics, such as the fundamentals of polymers science, transportation and bio interaction of properties in nanomaterials across biological systems, and nanotechnology in tissue engineering as they pertain specifically to pharmaceutical sciences Contains extensive references for further discovery on the role of biomaterials and nanomaterials in the drug discovery process

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science
  • Author : Buddy D. Ratner,Allan S. Hoffman,Frederick J. Schoen,Jack E. Lemons
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-31
  • Total pages :1573
  • ISBN : 9780080877808
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Summary : The revised edition of this renowned and bestselling title is the most comprehensive single text on all aspects of biomaterials science. It provides a balanced, insightful approach to both the learning of the science and technology of biomaterials and acts as the key reference for practitioners who are involved in the applications of materials in medicine. Over 29,000 copies sold, this is the most comprehensive coverage of principles and applications of all classes of biomaterials: "the only such text that currently covers this area comprehensively" - Materials Today Edited by four of the best-known figures in the biomaterials field today; fully endorsed and supported by the Society for Biomaterials Fully revised and expanded, key new topics include of tissue engineering, drug delivery systems, and new clinical applications, with new teaching and learning material throughout, case studies and a downloadable image bank