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Structure and Mechanics of Textile Fibre Assemblies

Structure and Mechanics of Textile Fibre Assemblies
  • Author : Peter Schwartz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-07
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781845695231
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Summary : Textile structure and mechanics are fundamental to the way textiles are designed, manufactured, tested and used. Structure and mechanics of textile fibre assemblies discusses aspects of fabric structure and mechanical properties such as tensile, bending and shear properties for a range of fabrics. After a general introduction illustrating the role of fabric structure and mechanics, subsequent chapters discuss the structural, tensile, bending and shear properties of woven, knitted and nonwoven fabrics. Other chapters review the structure and mechanics of yarns, coated fabrics, 2D and 3D textile composites. Testing methods for the measurement of fabric mechanical properties and structure parameters are also explored. With its renowned editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, Structure and mechanics of textile fibre assemblies is an important reference for textile scientists, technologists, engineers and those designing and manufacturing textiles. It will also be suitable for those within the academic sector. Examines aspects of fabric structure and mechanical properties for a range of fabrics Discusses structure and mechanics of yarn and woven, nonwoven and knitted fabrics Explores testing methods enabling the measurement of fabric mechanical properties and structural parameters

Structure and Mechanics of Textile Fibre Assemblies

Structure and Mechanics of Textile Fibre Assemblies
  • Author : Peter Schwartz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-15
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9780081027691
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Summary : Structure and Mechanics of Textile Fibre Assemblies, Second Edition, offers detailed information on all aspects of textile structure and mechanics. This new edition is updated to include the latest technology and techniques, as well as fiber assembly for major application areas. Chapters discuss the mechanics of materials and key mechanical concepts, such as stress, strain, bending and shear, but also examine structure and mechanics in-depth, including fabric type, covering yarns, woven fabrics, knitted fabrics, nonwovens, tufted fabrics, textile composites, laminated and coated textile fabrics, and braided structures. Finally, structure and mechanics are approached from the viewpoint of key applications areas. This book will be an essential source of information for scientists, technologists, engineers, designers, manufacturers and R&D managers in the textile industry, as well as academics and researchers in textiles and fiber science. Provides methodical coverage of all essential fabric types, including yarns, woven fabrics, knitted fabrics, nonwovens, tufted fabrics, textile composites, laminated and coated textile fabrics, and braided structures Enables the reader to understand the mechanical properties and structural parameters of fabric at a highly detailed level Expanded update includes an analysis of fiber assemblies for key technical areas, such as protective fabrics and medical textiles

3-D Fibrous Assemblies

3-D Fibrous Assemblies
  • Author : Jinlian Hu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-09
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9781845694982
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Summary : There have been important recent developments in the production and application of three dimensional fabrics. These 3D textile structures have great potential for new fabrics and textile applications. 3D fibrous assemblies summarises some key developments and their applications in the textile industry. The book begins with an introductory chapter which defines the concepts and types of 3D fibrous assemblies. The book then discusses how 3D fabrics can be applied in textile products. These range from composites and protective clothing to medical textiles. The remainder of the book reviews the two main 3D fabrics; multi-axial warp knitted fabrics and multi-layer woven fabrics. Themes such as structure, manufacture, properties and modelling are considered for both fabrics. Written by a distinguished author, 3D fibrous assemblies is a pioneering guide for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from fibre scientists and designers through to those involved in research and development of new generation textile products. Presents exciting opportunities for the creation of new textiles through the use of three dimensional textile fibre assemblies A comprehensive account of the different types of 3D fabrics and their associated structure, properties, manufacture and modelling Examples of how three dimensional fibres can be applied in textile products

Mechanics of Flexible Fibre Assemblies

Mechanics of Flexible Fibre Assemblies
  • Author : J.W. Hearle,J.J. Thwaites,J. Amirbayat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-03
  • Total pages :653
  • ISBN : 9401197768
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Summary : Continued and systematic analysis of the mechanics of flexible fibre assemblies dates from about 1945, although the growth of research into textiles after 1920 had included studies of fabric structure and the measurement of mechanical properties. The subject is thus a young one, although this NATO Advanced Study Institute is a sign of developing maturity. However there is an earlier tradition. Relevant, even if somewhat loosely connected, quotations can be found in the works of the engineers of the ancient civilisations, recurring during the llenaissance with Leonardo da Vinci and Galileo. But the glorious libk is with Euler and the Bernoulli family, with their theories of the mechanics of flexible slender rods. While mathematicians have admired the beauty of this work, the invention of elliptic integrals, and the grace of the different classes of planar elastica, it is in the technology of textile materials, composed of flexible fibres and yarns, that the subject has found its more direct application. All this, and much more such as Max Born's doctoral thesis, was brought to our attention in a delightful discourse by Milos Konopasek, who is not only fascinated by the mathematics of Euler and the modern movement of the solutions of bending curves from two dimensions into three by the use of the computer, but also feels a personal link through having lived and studied within sight of the scene of Euler's triumphs in St. Petersburg.

Structure and mechanics of woven fabrics

Structure and mechanics of woven fabrics
  • Author : Jinlian Hu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-11-11
  • Total pages :307
  • ISBN : 0849328268
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Summary : Fabric mechanics are fundamental to the way textiles are designed, tested and manufactured and underpin the way woven fabrics are used in the modern world. With fully comprehensive coverage of all aspects of fabric anisotropy, stress-strain relationships and fabric drape modelling and testing, structure and mechanics of woven fabrics, discusses and exemplifies all major aspects of fabric mechanics and their relevance to every stage of the contemporary textile industry. ?? After a general introduction illustrating the role and study of woven fabric mechanics, the first group of chapters examines the structural, tensile, bending and shear properties of woven fabrics. Sections cover the general behaviour of these properties, how they are modelled and their anisotropy. Drape deformation modelling is covered extensively, one chapter detailing theory and a second, computation and simulation. The properties of fabrics with seams and fabric complex deformation analysis and simulation are also detailed. ?? Structure and mechanics of woven fabrics is an essential reference for all textile academics, students, researchers, technicians, engineers and technologists, covering all areas of textile material applications, from composites and geotextiles, to medical textiles and biotextiles.

Structural Mechanics of Fibers, Yarns, and Fabrics

Structural Mechanics of Fibers, Yarns, and Fabrics
  • Author : J. W. S. Hearle,P. Grosberg,Stanley Backer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1969
  • Total pages :469
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822014491575
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Summary :

Textile Materials for Lightweight Constructions

Textile Materials for Lightweight Constructions
  • Author : Chokri Cherif
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-11
  • Total pages :677
  • ISBN : 9783662463413
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Summary : In this book, experts on textile technologies convey both general and specific information on various aspects of textile engineering, ready-made technologies, and textile chemistry. They describe the entire process chain from fiber materials to various yarn constructions, 2D and 3D textile constructions, preforms, and interface layer design. In addition, the authors introduce testing methods, shaping and simulation techniques for the characterization of and structural mechanics calculations on anisotropic, pliable high-performance textiles, including specific examples from the fields of fiber plastic composites, textile concrete and textile membranes. Readers will also be familiarized with the potential offered by increasingly employed textile structures, for instance in the fields of composite technology, construction technology, security technology and membrane technology.

Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration
  • Author : Stephen M. Burkinshaw,Andrew Filarowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-08
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9781118725696
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Summary : The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

Topology-Based Modeling of Textile Structures and Their Joint Assemblies

Topology-Based Modeling of Textile Structures and Their Joint Assemblies
  • Author : Yordan Kyosev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-13
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9783030025410
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Summary : This book presents the textile-, mathematical and mechanical background for the modelling of fiber based structures such as yarns, braided and knitted textiles. The hierarchical scales of these textiles and the structural elements at the different levels are analysed and the methods for their modelling are presented. The author reports about problems, methods and algorithms and possible solutions from his twenty year experience in the modelling and software development of CAD for textiles.

Engineering Textiles

Engineering Textiles
  • Author : Yehia E. Elmogahzy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-15
  • Total pages :650
  • ISBN : 9780081024881
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Summary : Engineering Textiles: Integrating the Design and Manufacture of Textile Products, Second Edition is a pioneering guide to textile product design and development, enabling the reader to understand essential principles, concepts, materials and applications. This new edition is updated and expanded to include new and emerging topics, design concepts and technologies, such as sustainability, the use of nanotechnology, and wearable textiles. Chapters cover the essential concepts of fiber-to-fabric engineering, product development and design of textile products, different types of fibers, yarns and fabrics, the structure, characteristics and design of textiles, and the development of products for specific applications, including both traditional and technical textiles. This book is an innovative and highly valuable source of information for anyone engaged in textile product design and development, including engineers, textile technologists, manufacturers, product developers, and researchers and students in textile engineering. Presents an integrated approach to textile product design and development Guides the reader from initial principles and concepts, to cutting-edge applications Includes cutting-edge design concepts and major new technologies

Nonwovens

Nonwovens
  • Author : T. Karthik,Prabha Karan C.,R. Rathinamoorthy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-22
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9789385059643
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Summary : Nonwovens: Process, Structure, Properties and Applications outlines the concept and principle of entire nonwoven manufacturing process starting from raw material selection, web formation techniques, web bonding methods and finishing. Further, characterization and testing of non-woven fabrics, application of non-woven fabrics in different areas such as apparel, aggrotech, geotech, medical and hygiene, automotive textiles, filtration products, home textiles, roofing and construction and packaging were also discussed in detail. The advancements in non-woven manufacturing known as composite non-woven, their properties and applications were discussed in detail. The application of natural fibers in non-woven manufacturing with their advantages and limitations were also discussed in brief. This book is primarily a text book intended for textile technology students in universities and colleges, researchers, industrialists and academicians, as well as professionals in the apparel and textile industry.

Smart Fibres, Fabrics and Clothing

Smart Fibres, Fabrics and Clothing
  • Author : Xiaoming Tao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-10-04
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781855737600
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Summary : This important book provides a guide to the fundamentals and latest developments in smart technology for textiles and clothing. The contributors represent a distinguished international panel of experts and the book covers many aspects of cutting edge research and development. Smart fibres, fabrics and clothing starts with a review of the background to smart technology and goes on to cover a wide range of the material science and fibre science aspects of the technology including: Electrically active polymeric materials and the applications of nonionic polymer gel and elastomers for artificial muscles; Thermally sensitive fibres and fabrics; Cross-linked polyol fibrous substrates stimuli-responsive interpenetrating polymer network hydrogel; Permeation control through stimuli-responsive polymer membranes; optical fibre sensors, hollow fibre membranes for gas separation; integrating fibre-formed components into textile structures; Wearable electronic and photonic technologies; Adaptive and responsive textile structures (ARTS); Biomedical applications including the applications of scaffolds in tissue engineering It is essential reading for academics in textile and materials science departments, researchers, designers and engineers in the textiles and clothing product design field. Product managers and senior executives within textile and clothing manufacturing will also find the latest insights into technological developments in the field valuable and fascinating.

Braided Structures and Composites

Braided Structures and Composites
  • Author : Sohel Rana,Raul Fangueiro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-05
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9781482245011
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Summary : Braiding is a very old textile manufacturing technology that traditionally has been used to produce items like ropes, shoe laces, and cables. Recently, braiding has gained attention in the medical, aerospace, transportation, and civil engineering communities, among others, due to its ability to produce structures that can fulfill the explicit demands imposed by these technical sectors. Braided Structures and Composites: Production, Properties, Mechanics, and Technical Applications provides a single source of cutting-edge information on braiding and its applications. Featuring chapters authored by leading experts in their respective fields, this first-of-its-kind book: Explains the basic principles of braiding technology for industrial textiles, composites, and products Identifies the key parameters that influence the braiding process and its produced structures Shows how to control these parameters to achieve the desired material characteristics Discusses braided structure modeling and analysis techniques and software tools Describes various application requirements and their design solutions Braided Structures and Composites: Production, Properties, Mechanics, and Technical Applications supplies a critical understanding of braiding from concept to product design and application. This book is vital to the development of multifunctional products with highly specific features using braiding technology.

Woven Textile Structure

Woven Textile Structure
  • Author : B K Behera,P K Hari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-01
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9781845697815
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Summary : Understanding and predicting the structure and properties of woven textiles is important for achieving specific performance characteristics in various woven applications. Woven textiles are used in a range of products such as apparel, technical and industrial textiles. Woven textile structure: Theory and applications provides comprehensive coverage of the structure, behaviour, modeling and design of woven fabrics and their relevance to the textile industry. The first group of chapters review the fundamental principles of woven fabric structures. Part two discusses the mechanics of woven fabrics, topics include shrinkage in woven fabrics, yarn behaviour in woven fabrics and bending behaviour of woven fabrics. Part three presents a selection of chapters on design engineering of woven fabrics, themes such as textile product design methods and modelling for woven fabric design are covered. A final group of chapters is dedicated to addressing practical applications of woven fabrics. Woven textile structure: Theory and applications is essential reading for designers, engineers and technicians involved in the design, manufacture and use of woven textiles and garments. It will also bebeneficial to academics and students. Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of woven fabric structure including geometrical modeling Examines mechanisms of woven fabric structure featuring shrinkage, buckling, bending and creasing behaviour of textiles Illustrates mathematical modeling and building predictive models for textile product design incorporating validation and testing

Simulation in Textile Technology

Simulation in Textile Technology
  • Author : D Veit
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-11
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780857097088
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Summary : The use of mathematical modelling and computer simulation can vastly improve the quality, efficiency and economic success of textile technology. Simulation in textile technology provides a comprehensive review of the key principles, applications and benefits of modelling for textile production. After an introduction to modelling and simulation, Simulation in textile technology goes on to review the principles and applications of the main types of model. The book first discusses neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic. It then considers computational fluid dynamics and finite element modelling. The modelling of fibrous structures and yarns are considered in the following chapters, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures. The book concludes by reviewing the simulation of textile processes and machinery. With its distinguished editor and team of expert contributors, Simulation in textile technology is a valuable reference tool for all those involved in both developing models of textile processes and those applying them to improve process efficiency and product quality. Provides a comprehensive review of the key principles, applications and benefits of modelling for textile production Discusses neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic Considers the modelling of fibrous structures and yarns, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures

Research and Publications

Research and Publications
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112033783827
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Summary :

Handbook of Fibre Rope Technology

Handbook of Fibre Rope Technology
  • Author : H A McKenna,J. W. S. Hearle,N O'Hear
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-04-22
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9781855739932
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Summary : The field of fibre rope technology has witnessed incredible change and technological advance over the last few decades. At the forefront of this change has been the development of synthetic fibres and modern types of rope construction. This handbook updates the history and structural mechanics of fibre rope technology and describes the types and properties of modern rope-making materials and constructions. Following an introduction to fibre ropes, the Handbook of fibre rope technology takes a comprehensive look at rope-making materials, rope structures, properties and mechanics and covers rope production, focusing on laid strand, braided, low-twist and parallel yarn ropes. Terminations are also introduced and the many uses of rope are illustrated. The key issues surrounding the inspection and retirement of rope are identified and rope testing is thoroughly examined. The final two chapters review rope markets, distribution and liability and provide case studies from the many environments in which fibre rope is used. The Handbook of fibre rope technology is an essential reference for everyone assisting in the design, selection, use, inspection and testing of fibre rope. A comprehensive look at rope-making materials and structures, properties and mechanics Covers rope production including laid strand, braided, low-twist and parallel yarn ropes and rope terminations Rope testing is examined in depth, as well as the key issues surrounding rope retirement

Fibrous Materials

Fibrous Materials
  • Author : Krishan Chawla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-31
  • Total pages :295
  • ISBN : 9781107029729
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Summary : Updated discussion of the processing, microstructure, properties, and applications of fibers such as polymers, metals, ceramics and glass.

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles
  • Author : A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-09
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9781782424888
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Summary : The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 – Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres
  • Author : J. W. S. Hearle,W E Morton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-10
  • Total pages :796
  • ISBN : 9781845694425
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Summary : First published in 1962, and now in its fourth edition, Physical properties of textile fibres has become a classic, providing the standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance. The new edition has been substantially reorganised and revised to reflect new research. After introductory chapters on fibre structure, testing and sampling, the book reviews key fibre properties, their technical significance, factors affecting these properties and measurement issues. Each chapter covers both natural and synthetic fibres, including high-performance fibres. The book first reviews properties such as fineness, length and density. It then considers thermal properties and reaction to moisture. A further group of chapters then reviews tensile properties, thermo-mechanical responses, fibre breakage and fatigue. Finally, the book discusses dielectric properties, electrical resistance and static, optical properties and fibre friction. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities, the fourth edition of Physical properties of textile fibres consolidates its reputation as a standard work both for those working in the textile industry and those teaching and studying textile science. A standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance An essential read and reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia Provides substantial updated material on fibre structure and new test methods, data and theories regarding properties of textile fibres

The Modelling and Analysis of the Mechanics of Ropes

The Modelling and Analysis of the Mechanics of Ropes
  • Author : C.M. Leech
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-27
  • Total pages :123
  • ISBN : 9789400778412
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Summary : This book considers the modelling and analysis of the many types of ropes, linear fibre assemblies. The construction of these structures is very diverse and in the work these are considered from the modelling point of view. As well as the conventional twisted structures, braid and plaited structures and parallel assemblies are modelled and analysed, first for their assembly and secondly for their mechanical behaviour. Also since the components are assemblies of components, fibres into yarns, into strands, and into ropes the hierarchical nature of the construction is considered. The focus of the modelling is essentially toward load extension behaviour but there is reference to bending of ropes, encompassed by the two extremes, no slip between the components and zero friction resistance to component slip. Friction in ropes is considered both between the rope components, sliding, sawing and scissoring, and within the components, dilation and distortion, these latter modes being used to model component set, the phenomenon instrumental in rope proofing. The exploitation of the modelling is closed by the suggested modelling and analysis of component wear and life limitation and also of rope steady state heating. These will require extensive experimentation to extract the necessary coefficients, achievable by parallel testing of prototypes and similar structures. This development is focused on the modelling and analysis of ropes and other similar structures. All the modelling is based on the Principle of Virtual Work and admissible modes of deformation. Finally this book is directed towards the various industries involved in design, manufacture and use of ropes, stays and other similar structures.