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Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers

Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers
  • Author : Gajanan Bhat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-21
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9780081005514
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Summary : Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers explores the relationship between the structure and properties of a wide range of high-performance fibers. Part I covers high-performance inorganic fibers, including glasses and ceramics, plus carbon fibers of various types. In Part II, high-performance synthetic polymer fibers are discussed, while Part III reviews those natural fibers that can be used to create advanced textiles. The high-performance properties of these fibers are related to their chemistry and morphology, as well as the ways in which they are synthesized and spun. High-performance fibers form the basis of textile materials with applications in protection, medicine, and composite reinforcement. Fibers are selected for these technical applications due to their advanced physical, mechanical, and chemical properties. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced materials for the fiber and textile industries Reviews structure-property relationships of high-performance inorganic, carbon, synthetic polymer, and natural fibers Includes contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field Reviews those natural fibers that can be used to create advanced textiles

High-Performance Fibres

High-Performance Fibres
  • Author : J. W. S. Hearle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-10-26
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781855737549
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Summary : This important new handbook provides comprehensive coverage of how high performance fibres are designed and manufactured and covers their capabilities and applications. The high-modulus, high-tenacity (HM-HT) fibres fall naturally into three groups – polymer fibres such as aramids and polyethylene fibres; carbon fibres such as Kevlar; and inorganic fibres based on glass and ceramic fibres. The books shows how high performance fibres are being increasingly used for a wide range of applications including goetextiles and geomembranes and for construction and civil engineering projects as well as in specialist fibres within composite materials where their ability to fulfil demanding roles makes them an effective choice for the engineer and materials scientist. Provides a comprehensive overview of how high performance fibres are designed and manufactured and covers their capabilities and applications Explains how high performance fibres are being increasingly used for a wide range of applications, including geotextiles and geomembranes and construction and civil engineering projects

Aromatic High-Strength Fibers

Aromatic High-Strength Fibers
  • Author : H. H. Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989-08-18
  • Total pages :873
  • ISBN : UOM:39015021645489
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Summary : Surveys the state-of-knowledge in the development of polymers and high-strength fibers, and elucidates their structure-property relationships. Emphasizes polymer compositions and related fiber structures and properties. Reviews conventional and high-performance fibers, modifications of aromatic polymers, and liquid crystalline polymers, then goes on to cover aromatic polyamides, polyhydrazides, polyesters, polyazomethines, polyimides, and heterocyclic polymers. Also compares high-strength aromatic fibers with other various high-performance fibers in terms of their properties and end uses.

High-Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites

High-Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on High-Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-05-09
  • Total pages :70
  • ISBN : 0309181836
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Summary : Military use of advanced polymer matrix composites (PMC)â€"consisting of a resin matrix reinforced by high-performance carbon or organic fibersâ€"while extensive, accounts for less that 10 percent of the domestic market. Nevertheless, advanced composites are expected to play an even greater role in future military systems, and DOD will continue to require access to reliable sources of affordable, high-performance fibers including commercial materials and manufacturing processes. As a result of these forecasts, DOD requested the NRC to assess the challenges and opportunities associated with advanced PMCs with emphasis on high-performance fibers. This report provides an assessment of fiber technology and industries, a discussion of R&D opportunities for DOD, and recommendations about accelerating technology transition, reducing costs, and improving understanding of design methodology and promising technologies.

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies
  • Author : T.D. Burchell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-08-05
  • Total pages :540
  • ISBN : UVA:X004375643
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Summary : This study begins with a review of carbon materials, emphasizing structure and chemical bonding in various forms of carbon. It then goes on to discuss advanced technologies for the manufacture and modification of carbon-based materials and their practical applications.

High-Performance and Specialty Fibers

High-Performance and Specialty Fibers
  • Author : Japan The Society of Fiber Science and Techno
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-16
  • Total pages :451
  • ISBN : 9784431552031
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Summary : This book reviews the key technologies and characteristics of the modern man-made specialty fibers mainly developed in Japan. Since the production of many low-cost man-made fibers shifted to China and other Asian countries, Japanese companies have focused on production of high-quality, high-performance super fibers as well as highly functionalized fibers so-called ‘Shin-gosen’. ZylonTM and DyneemaTM manufactured by Toyobo, TechnoraTM produced by Teijin, and VectranTM developed by Kuraray are those examples of super fibers. Carbon fibers ToraycaTM from Toray have occupied the most advanced high-performance application area. Various types of polyester fibers having design-shaped cross-sections and special fiber morphologies and those showing specific physico-chemical properties have also been developed to acquire a high-value textile market of the world. This book describes how these high-tech fibers have been developed and what aspects are the most important in each fiber based on its structure-property relationship. Famous specialists both in industry and academia are responsible for the contents, explaining the design concepts and the special technologies for the production of these special fibers. For university teachers and students, this volume is an excellent textbook that elucidates the basic concepts of modern fibers. At the same time, researchers, both in academia and industry, will find a comprehensive overview of recent man-made fibers. This publication, presenting the most easily understandable general survey of specialty man-made fibers to date, is dedicated to the 70th-anniversary of the Society of Fiber Science and Technology, Japan.

High Performance Polymers and Engineering Plastics

High Performance Polymers and Engineering Plastics
  • Author : Vikas Mittal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-09
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9781118171943
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Summary : This book describes advances in synthesis, processing, and technology of environmentally friendly polymers generated from renewable resources. With contents based on a wide range of functional monomers and contributions from eminent researchers, this volume demonstrates the design, synthesis, properties and applications of plant oil based polymers, presenting an elaborate review of acid mediated polymerization techniques for the generation of green polymers. Chemical engineers are provided with state-of-the-art information that acts to further progress research in this direction.

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres
  • Author : J. W. S. Hearle,W E Morton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-10
  • Total pages :796
  • ISBN : 9781845694425
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Summary : First published in 1962, and now in its fourth edition, Physical properties of textile fibres has become a classic, providing the standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance. The new edition has been substantially reorganised and revised to reflect new research. After introductory chapters on fibre structure, testing and sampling, the book reviews key fibre properties, their technical significance, factors affecting these properties and measurement issues. Each chapter covers both natural and synthetic fibres, including high-performance fibres. The book first reviews properties such as fineness, length and density. It then considers thermal properties and reaction to moisture. A further group of chapters then reviews tensile properties, thermo-mechanical responses, fibre breakage and fatigue. Finally, the book discusses dielectric properties, electrical resistance and static, optical properties and fibre friction. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities, the fourth edition of Physical properties of textile fibres consolidates its reputation as a standard work both for those working in the textile industry and those teaching and studying textile science. A standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance An essential read and reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia Provides substantial updated material on fibre structure and new test methods, data and theories regarding properties of textile fibres

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres
  • Author : A. R. Bunsell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-19
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781845696801
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Summary : Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure
  • Author : Stephen Eichhorn,J. W. S. Hearle,M Jaffe,T Kikutani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-26
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9781845697310
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Summary : Due to their complexity and diversity, understanding the structure of textile fibres is of key importance. This authoritative two-volume collection provides a comprehensive review of the structure of an extensive range of textile fibres. Volume 2 begins by reviewing natural fibres such as cellulosic, cotton, protein, wool and silk fibres. Part two considers regenerated cellulosic, protein, alginate, chitin and chitosan fibres. The final part of the book discusses inorganic fibres such as glass, carbon and ceramic fibres as well as specialist fibres such as thermally and chemically-resistant fibres, optical and hollow fibres. Chapters review how fibre structure contributes to key mechanical properties. A companion volume reviews the structure of manufactured polymer fibres. Edited by leading authorities on the subject and with a team of international authors, the two volumes of the Handbook of textile fibre structure is an essential reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia. Discusses how fibre structure contributes to key mechanical properties Reviews natural fibres such as cellulosic, cotton and silk fibres and considers various regenerated fibres Examines inorganic fibres including glass and carbon as well as specialist fibres such as chemically-resistant and optical fibres

Structure and Properties of Additive Manufactured Polymer Components

Structure and Properties of Additive Manufactured Polymer Components
  • Author : Klaus Friedrich,Rolf Walter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-18
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9780128196830
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Summary : Structure and Properties of Additive Manufactured Polymer Components provides a state-of-the-art review from leading experts in the field who discuss key developments that have appeared over the last decade or so regarding the use of additive manufacturing (AM) methods in the production of neat and reinforced polymeric components. A major focus is given to materials science aspects, i.e., how the quality of the polymer preforms, the parameters of the chosen AM method, and how these factors can affect the microstructure and properties of the final product. The book not only covers production technologies and the relationship between processing, microstructure and fundamental properties of the produced parts, but also gives readers ideas on the use of AM polymer parts in medicine, automotive, aerospace, tribology, electronics, and more. Focuses on industrial aspects and applications Dedicated purely to recent advances in polymer composite additive manufacturing Emphasizes processing, structure and property relationships

Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites

Carbon Fibers Filaments and Composites
  • Author : J.L. Figueiredo,Carlos A. Bernardo,R.T.K. Baker,K.J. Hüttinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :582
  • ISBN : 9789401568470
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Summary : Conventional synthetic materials, like metals, ceramics or glass, are usually isotropic substances, and their suitability for structural applications is achieved by morphological design and combination in the macroscopic scale. However, in modem engineering this is often not acceptable. As an alternative, the use of non-homogeneous, anisotropic materials, with significant stiffness and strength only in the directions these mechanical properties are really needed, can lead to enormous material (and weight) savings. This is the case of multiphase systems called composite materials. In these composites, different material parts are added and arranged geometrically, under clearly designed and controlled conditions. Usually, a structure of fibers provides strength and stiffness and a matrix helds them together, whilst providing the geometric form. Carbon fibers are among the high-performance fibers employed in these advanced structural composites, which are profoundly changing many of today's high technology industries. New research and development challenges in this area include upgrading the manufacturing process of fibers and composites, in order to improve characteristics and reduce costs, and modifying the interfacial properties between fibers and matrix, to guarantee better mechanical properties. The interdisciplinary nature of this "new frontier" is obvious, involving chemistry, materials science, chemical and mechanical engineering. Other topics, which more often are treated separately, are also important for the understanding of the processes of fiber production. Carbon filaments is one such topic, as the study of their mechanisms of nucleation and growth is clearly quite relevant to the production of vapour-grown carbon fibers.

Handbook of Fibrous Materials, 2 Volumes

Handbook of Fibrous Materials, 2 Volumes
  • Author : Jinlian Hu,Bipin Kumar,Jing Lu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-31
  • Total pages :1040
  • ISBN : 9783527342594
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Summary : Edited by a leading expert in the field with contributions from experienced researchers in fibers and textiles, this handbook reviews the current state of fibrous materials and provides a broad overview of their use in research and development. Volume One focuses on the classes of fibers, their production and characterization, while the second volume concentrates on their applications, including emerging ones in the areas of energy, environmental science and healthcare. Unparalleled knowledge of high relevance to academia and industry.

Polyolefin Fibres

Polyolefin Fibres
  • Author : S C O Ugbolue
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-09
  • Total pages :590
  • ISBN : 9780081012512
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Summary : Polyolefin Fibres: Structure, Properties and Industrial Applications, Second Edition, explores one of the most widely used commercial polymers, with a focus on the most important polyolefins, namely polyethylene, polypropylene, and polyolefin bicomponent fibres. These versatile fibres are durable, chemically resistant, lightweight, economical, and functional. This new edition has been updated and expanded to include cutting-edge research on a broad range of advanced applications. Part I covers the structure and properties of polyolefin fibres, incorporating a new chapter on the environmental aspects of polyolefin use. Part II examines the methods for improving the functionality of polyolefins, providing essential information for those engaged in developing high-performance materials. A final group of chapters addresses how polyolefin fibres can be incorporated into specific textile applications, such as automotive, geotextile, biomedical, and hygiene products, and explores potential future development. This book is an essential reference for textile technologists and manufacturers, polymer and fibre scientists, yarn and fabric manufacturers, biomedical and device engineers, and industrialists and researchers. Introduces the types, properties and structure of polyolefin fibers for readers new to the polyolefins field Examines methods to improve the functionality of polyolefin fibers, providing essential information for textile technologists and research and development managers engaged in developing high-performance materials Presents existing and potential applications of polyolefin fibers, exploring how they can expand the range of commercial polyolefin-based products

Polymer Microscopy

Polymer Microscopy
  • Author : Linda Sawyer,David T. Grubb,Gregory F. Meyers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-24
  • Total pages :540
  • ISBN : 0387726284
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Summary : This extensively updated and revised Third Edition is a comprehensive and practical guide to the study of the microstructure of polymers. It is the result of the authors' many years of academic and industrial experience. Introductory chapters deal with the basic concepts of both polymer morphology and processing and microscopy and imaging theory. The core of the book is more applied, with many examples of specimen preparation and image interpretation leading to materials characterization. Emerging techniques such as compositional mapping in which microscopy is combined with spectroscopy are considered. The book closes with a problem solving guide.

Fiber Science

Fiber Science
  • Author : Steven B. Warner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : UOM:39015034222441
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Summary : An introduction to the structure and properties of polymeric fibers, with emphasis on fibers used as textiles and industrial fibers. Part One introduces fundamental concepts of organic fiber chemistry and morphology. Part Two presents the mot important aspects of mechanical properties. Up-to-date coverage, including treatment of high performance fibers, superabsorbants, liquid crystal polymers, electrical conductivity, and other current topics. Emphasis on fundamental principles. Shows applications of basic principles in real materials.

Cellulose Fibers: Bio- and Nano-Polymer Composites

Cellulose Fibers: Bio- and Nano-Polymer Composites
  • Author : Susheel Kalia,B. S. Kaith,Inderjeet Kaur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-11
  • Total pages :737
  • ISBN : 3642173705
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Summary : Because we are living in an era of Green Science and Technology, developments in the field of bio- and nano- polymer composite materials for advanced structural and medical applications is a rapidly emerging area and the subject of scientific attention. In light of the continuously deteriorating environmental conditions, researchers all over the world have focused an enormous amount of scientific research towards bio-based materials because of their cost effectiveness, eco-friendliness and renewability. This handbook deals with cellulose fibers and nano-fibers and covers the latest advances in bio- and nano- polymer composite materials. This rapidly expanding field is generating many exciting new materials with novel properties and promises to yield advanced applications in diverse fields. This book reviews vital issues and topics and will be of interest to academicians, research scholars, polymer engineers and researchers in industries working in the subject area. It will also be a valuable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students at institutes of plastic engineering and other technical institutes.

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure
  • Author : Stephen Eichhorn,J. W. S. Hearle,M Jaffe,T Kikutani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-19
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9781845696504
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Summary : Due to their complexity and diversity, understanding the structure of textile fibres is of key importance. This authoritative two-volume collection provides a comprehensive review of the structure of an extensive range of textile fibres. Volume 1 begins with an introductory set of chapters on fibre structure and methods to characterise fibres. The second part of the book covers the structure of manufactured polymer fibres such as polyester, polyamides, polyolefin, elastomeric and aramid fibres as well as high-modulus, high-tenacity polymer fibres. Chapters discuss fibre formation during processing and how this affects fibre structure and mechanical properties. A companion volume reviews natural, regenerated, inorganic and specialist fibres. Edited by leading authorities on the subject and with a team of international authors, the two volumes of the Handbook of textile fibre structure is an essential reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia. The first title of a authoritative two-volume collection that provides a comprehensive review of the structure of a range of textile fibres Provides an overview of the development of fibre structure and methods to characterise fibres Examines the structure of both traditional and new fibres and natural and manufactured fibres

Textile Technology Digest

Textile Technology Digest
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924094731324
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Summary :

Structural Properties of High Performance Polymer Fibers and Their Effects on Fiber-matrix Adhesion

Structural Properties of High Performance Polymer Fibers and Their Effects on Fiber-matrix Adhesion
  • Author : Javad Kalantar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : MSU:31293008857132
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Summary :

Handbook of Fiber Chemistry, Second Edition, Revised and Expanded

Handbook of Fiber Chemistry, Second Edition, Revised and Expanded
  • Author : Menachem Lewin,Eli M. Pearce
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-02-26
  • Total pages :1114
  • ISBN : 0824794710
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Summary : "Offers comprehensive coverage of the most important natural and synthetic fibers used in consumer goods, agriculture, industry, medicine, and engineering. Second Edition provides entirely new coverage of topics such as vinyl fibers; mammalian fibers related to wool; cotton, jute, silk, and kenaf fibers; and acrylic fibers."