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Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications
  • Author : Vladimir Anikeev,Maohong Fan I
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-21
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9780444626974
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Summary : Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications covers the fundamental principles involved in the preparation and characterization of supercritical fluids (SCFs) used in the energy production and other environmental applications. Energy production from diversified resources — including renewable materials — using clean processes can be accomplished using technologies like SCFs. This book is focused on critical issues scientists and engineers face in applying SCFs to energy production and environmental protection, the innovative solutions they have found, and the challenges they need to overcome. The book also covers the basics of sub- and supercritical fluids, like the thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations. A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist. At this state the compound demonstrates unique properties, which can be "fine-tuned," making them suitable as organic solvents in a range of industrial and laboratory processes. This volume enables readers to select the most appropriate medium for a specific situation. It helps instructors prepare course material for graduate and postgraduate courses in the area of chemistry, chemical engineering, and environmental engineering. And it helps professional engineers learn supercritical fluid-based technologies and use them in solving the increasingly challenging environmental issues. Relates theory, chemical characteristics, and properties of the particular supercritical fluid to its various applications Covers the fundamentals of supercritical fluids, like thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations Includes the most recent applications of supercritical fluids, including energy generation, materials synthesis, and environmental protection

Advanced Applications of Supercritical Fluids in Energy Systems

Advanced Applications of Supercritical Fluids in Energy Systems
  • Author : Chen, Lin,Iwamoto, Yuhiro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-24
  • Total pages :682
  • ISBN : 9781522520481
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Summary : Supercritical fluids have been utilized for numerous scientific advancements and industrial innovations. As the concern for environmental sustainability grows, these fluids have been increasingly used for energy efficiency purposes. Advanced Applications of Supercritical Fluids in Energy Systems is a pivotal reference source for the latest academic material on the integration of supercritical fluids into contemporary energy-related applications. Highlighting innovative discussions on topics such as renewable energy, fluid dynamics, and heat and mass transfer, this book is ideally designed for researchers, academics, professionals, graduate students, and practitioners interested in the latest trends in energy conversion.

Handbook of Research on Advancements in Supercritical Fluids Applications for Sustainable Energy Systems

Handbook of Research on Advancements in Supercritical Fluids Applications for Sustainable Energy Systems
  • Author : Chen, Lin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-28
  • Total pages :821
  • ISBN : 9781799857983
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Summary : Supercritical fluids are increasingly being used in energy conversion and fluid dynamics studies for energy-related systems and applications. These new applications are contributing to both the increase of energy efficiency as well as greenhouse gas reduction. Such research is critical for scientific advancement and industrial innovations that can support environmentally friendly strategies for sustainable energy systems. The Handbook of Research on Advancements in Supercritical Fluids Applications for Sustainable Energy Systems is a comprehensive two-volume reference that covers the most recent and challenging issues and outlooks for the applications and innovations of supercritical fluids. The book first converts basic thermo-dynamic behaviors and “abnormal” properties from a thermophysical aspect, then basic heat transfer and flow properties, recent new findings of its physical aspect and indications, chemical engineering properties, micro-nano-scale phenomena, and transient behaviors in fast and critical environments. It is ideal for engineers, energy companies, environmentalists, researchers, academicians, and students studying supercritical fluids and their applications for creating sustainable energy systems.

Sub- and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology

Sub- and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology
  • Author : Sandeep Kumar,Florin Barla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-05
  • Total pages :217
  • ISBN : 9781351618298
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Summary : Sub- and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology: Industrial Applications offers a practical view of a variety of industrial applications and their challenges, offering a deep understanding of the application of sub- and supercritical fluids and their techno-economic viability. This book covers a wide range of applications of hydrothermal processing that result in almost zero waste, high energy efficiency, sustainable chemical processes, and minimal impact over the life cycle. These applications include processing of hazardous waste, bioproducts, coal, lipids, heavy oil and bitumen, and carbon materials. The use of hot-compressed water instead of different organic solvents, such as methanol, acetone, and hexane, is an environmentally benign, green, and sustainable option which can help to design chemical processes that support green chemistry and engineering. This book is pertinent for researchers and professionals in the fields of chemical engineering, industrial chemistry, environmental engineering, materials engineering, and manufacturing.

Supercritical Water Processing Technologies for Environment, Energy and Nanomaterial Applications

Supercritical Water Processing Technologies for Environment, Energy and Nanomaterial Applications
  • Author : Shuzhong Wang,Donghai Xu,Yang Guo,Xingying Tang,Yuzhen Wang,Jie Zhang,Honghe Ma,Lili Qian,Yanhui Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-18
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9789811393266
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Summary : This book systematically presents the technical aspects of supercritical water oxidation and supercritical water gasification for energy and environmental applications, which include reactor design, construction materials, corrosion, salt precipitation, etc. The book provides a comprehensive introduction to the properties of supercritical water, and the industrial applications, reaction mechanisms and reaction kinetics of supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) and supercritical water gasification (SCWG). The reactions occurring in supercritical water are complex, and studying their reaction mechanisms is of great importance for the development of supercritical water processing technologies. Accordingly, the book explains the oxidative mechanisms and kinetics of organic matter in supercritical water in detail. However, the harsh reaction conditions in supercritical water can easily create severe reactor corrosion and salt deposition problems. Therefore, the book also comprehensively reports on the mechanism analysis, state of research, and development trends regarding these two problems. Lastly, the book summarizes the development of supercritical water processing technologies, including studies on SCWO and SCWG, as well as near-zero-emission systems of pollutants based on SCWO technology. In short, the book provides a wealth of valuable information for all readers who are interested in using SCWO for organic waste treatment, and in using SCWG for hydrogen production with wet biomass.

Fundamentals and Applications of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (SCO2) Based Power Cycles

Fundamentals and Applications of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (SCO2) Based Power Cycles
  • Author : Klaus Brun,Peter Friedman,Richard Dennis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-09
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 9780081008058
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Summary : Fundamentals and Applications of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (SCO2) Based Power Cycles aims to provide engineers and researchers with an authoritative overview of research and technology in this area. Part One introduces the technology and reviews the properties of SCO2 relevant to power cycles. Other sections of the book address components for SCO2 power cycles, such as turbomachinery expanders, compressors, recuperators, and design challenges, such as the need for high-temperature materials. Chapters on key applications, including waste heat, nuclear power, fossil energy, geothermal and concentrated solar power are also included. The final section addresses major international research programs. Readers will learn about the attractive features of SC02 power cycles, which include a lower capital cost potential than the traditional cycle, and the compounding performance benefits from a more efficient thermodynamic cycle on balance of plant requirements, fuel use, and emissions. Represents the first book to focus exclusively on SC02 power cycles Contains detailed coverage of cycle fundamentals, key components, and design challenges Addresses the wide range of applications of SC02 power cycles, from more efficient electricity generation, to ship propulsion

Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass

Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass
  • Author : James H. Clark,Fabien Deswarte
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-22
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781118714454
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Summary : Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass, Second Edition presents an overview of the use of biorenewable resources in the 21st century for the manufacture of chemical products, materials and energy. The book demonstrates that biomass is essentially a rich mixture of chemicals and materials and, as such, has a tremendous potential as feedstock for making a wide range of chemicals and materials with applications in industries from pharmaceuticals to furniture. Completely revised and updated to reflect recent developments, this new edition begins with an introduction to the biorefinery concept, followed by chapters addressing the various types of available biomass feedstocks, including waste, and the different pre-treatment and processing technologies being developed to turn these feedstocks into platform chemicals, polymers, materials and energy. The book concludes with a discussion on the policies and strategies being put in place for delivering the so-called Bioeconomy. Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass is a valuable resource for academics, industrial scientists and policy-makers working in the areas of industrial biotechnology, biorenewables, chemical engineering, fine and bulk chemical production, agriculture technologies, plant science, and energy and power generation. We need to reduce our dependence on fossil resources and increasingly derive all the chemicals we take for granted and use in our daily life from biomass – and we must make sure that we do this using green chemistry and sustainable technologies! For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs Topics covered include: • The biorefinery concept • Biomass feedstocks • Pre-treatment technologies • Platform molecules from renewable resources • Polymers from bio-based monomers • Biomaterials • Bio-based energy production Praise for the 1st edition: “Drawing on the expertise of the authors the book involves a degree of plant biology and chemical engineering, which illustrates the multidisciplinary nature of the topic beautifully” - Chemistry World

Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan

Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105121618255
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Summary : Includes abstracts of Kagaku kōgaku, v. 31-

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science
  • Author : Dr. Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-01
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 9780128218990
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Summary : Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Solvents for the Pharmaceutical Industry aims at providing a detailed overview of applications of green solvents in pharmaceutical industries. It also focuses on providing a detailed literature survey on the green solvents for pharmaceutical analysis, drug design, synthesis, and production, etc. It summarizes the applications of various greens solvents such as water, cyrene, vegetable oils, ionic liquids, ethyl lactate, eutectic solvents, and glycerol in contrast to toxic solvents. This book provides an overview of the use of green solvents for the sustainable and environmentally friendly development of synthetic methodologies for biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. Up-to-date developments towards the development of solvents for pharmaceutical industry Includes latest advances in pharmaceutical analysis and synthesis using green solvents Outlines eco-friendly green solvents for medicinal applications State-of-the-art overview on the exploration of green solvents for pharmaceutical industries

Journal of Energy & Environmental Research, Vol. 2, No. 1

Journal of Energy & Environmental Research, Vol. 2, No. 1
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781428917859
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Summary :

Supercritical Fluid Technology in Materials Science and Engineering

Supercritical Fluid Technology in Materials Science and Engineering
  • Author : Ya-Ping Sun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-03-26
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780824744717
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Summary : This title analyzes the chemical reactions, structures and fundamental properties of supercritical fluid systems for the production of new compounds, nanomaterials, fibers, and films. It complies contemporary research and technological advances for increased selectivity and reduced waste in chemical, industrial, pharmaceutical, and biomedical applications. Topics include fluid dynamics, catalysis, hydrothermal synthesis, surfactants, conducting polymers, crystal growth, and other aspects and applications of supercritical fluids.

Adoption of Environmental Innovations

Adoption of Environmental Innovations
  • Author : Koos van Dijken,Yvonne Prince,T.J. Wolters,Marco Frey,Giuliano Mussati,Paul Kalff,Ole Hansen,Søren Kerndrup,Bent Søndergård,Eduardo Lopes Rodrigues,Sandra Meredith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9789400708549
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Summary : How do small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) adopt environmental innovations? Do they have the necessary internal competence? Is any support offered by external parties (i.e. network involvement)? What are the policy implications? This book is based on extensive fieldwork, conducted in four traditional industrial sectors: offset printing, electroplating, textile finishing, and industrial painting. The work was carried out in Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and the UK. Twenty company-based case studies were analyzed and a telephone survey was conducted among 527 companies. As a result, the Innovation Triangle came to be formulated, which is presented here, defining and combining the determinants of SME innovativeness. The Innovation Triangle distinguishes three major determinants of innovativeness: business competence, environmental orientation, and network involvement. The Innovation Triangle allows one to diagnose current environmental and innovation policies, indicating which policy measures might be effective in increasing the adoption of environmentally friendly technologies, allowing environmental objectives to be achieved.

Particle Technology and Applications

Particle Technology and Applications
  • Author : Sunggyu Lee,Kimberly H. Henthorn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 9781439881682
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Summary : Particle Technology and Applications presents the theoretical and technological background of particle science and explores up-to-date applications of particle technologies in the chemical, petrochemical, energy, mechanical, and materials industries. It looks at the importance of particle science and technology in the development of efficient chemi

Supercritical Fluids

Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : E. Kiran,Pablo G. Debenedetti,Cor J. Peters
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :596
  • ISBN : 9789401139298
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Summary : Supercritical fluids are neither gas nor liquid, but can be compressed gradually from low to high density and they are therefore interesting and important as tunable solvents and reaction media in the chemical process industry. By adjusting the density the properties of these fluids can be customised and manipulated for a given process - physical or chemical transformation. Separation and processing using supercritical solvents such as CO2 are currently on-line commercially in the food, essential oils and polymer industries. Many agencies and industries are considering the use of supercritical water for waste remediation. Supercritical fluid chromatography represents another, major analytical application. Significant advances have recently been made in materials processing, ranging from particle formation to the creation of porous materials. The chapters in this book provide tutorial accounts of topical areas centred around: (1) phase equilibria, thermodynamics and equations of state; (2) critical behaviour, crossover effects; (3) transport and interfacial properties; (4) molecular modelling, computer simulation; (5) reactions, spectroscopy; (6) phase separation kinetics; (7) extractions; (8) applications to polymers, pharmaceuticals, natural materials and chromatography; (9) process scale-up.

Intelligent Computing for Sustainable Energy and Environment

Intelligent Computing for Sustainable Energy and Environment
  • Author : Kang Li,Shaoyuan Li,Dewei Li,Qun Niu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-13
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9783642371059
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Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Intelligent Computing for Sustainable Energy and Environment, ICSEE 2012, held in Shanghai, China, in September 2012. The 60 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions and present theories and methodologies as well as the emerging applications of intelligent computing in sustainable energy and environment.

Treatment Technologies for Solvent Containing Wastes

Treatment Technologies for Solvent Containing Wastes
  • Author : M. Breton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :753
  • ISBN : UOM:39015012770775
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Summary :

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Drug Product Development

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Drug Product Development
  • Author : Peter York,Uday B. Kompella,Boris Y. Shekunov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-03-23
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9780824751029
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Summary : Interconnecting the fundamentals of supercritical fluid (SCF) technologies, their current and anticipated utility in drug delivery, and process engineering advances from related methodological domains and pharmaceutical applications, this volume unlocks the potential of supercritical fluids to further the development of improved pharmaceutical products-from drug powders for respiratory delivery to drug delivery systems for controlled release.

Supercritical Fluid Cleaning

Supercritical Fluid Cleaning
  • Author : Samuel P. Sawan,Samuel P Sawan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-12-31
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9780815519164
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Summary : Although supercritial fluid (SCF) technology is now widely used in extraction and purification processes (in the petrochemical, food and pharmaceuticals industries), this book is the first to address the new application of cleaning. The objective is to provide a roadmap for readers who want to know whether SCF technology can meet their own processing and cleaning needs. It is particularly helpful to those striving to balance the requirements for a clean product and a clean environment. The interdisciplinary subject matter will appeal to scientists and engineers in all specialties ranging from materials and polymer sciences to chemistry and physics. It is also useful to those developing new processes for other applications, and references given at the end of each chapter provide links to the wider body of SCF literature. The book is organized with topics progressing from the fundamental nature of the supercritical state, through process conditions and materials interactions, to economic considerations. Practical examples are included to show how the technology has been successfully applied. The first four chapters consider principles governing SCF processing, detailing issues such as solubility, design for cleanability, and the dynamics of particle removal. The next three chapters discuss surfactants and microemulsions, SCF interaction with polymers, and the use of supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) as a cleaning solvent. The closing chapters focus on more practical considerations such as scaleup, equipment costs, and financial analysis.

Advances in Polymer Processing

Advances in Polymer Processing
  • Author : S Thomas,Weimin Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-30
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9781845696429
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Summary : Processing techniques are critical to the performance of polymer products which are used in a wide range of industries. Advances in polymer processing: From macro- to nano- scales reviews the latest advances in polymer processing, techniques and materials. Part one reviews the fundamentals of polymer processing with chapters on rheology, materials and polymer extrusion. Part two then discusses advances in moulding technology with chapters on such topics as compression, rotational and blow moulding of polymers. Chapters in Part three review alternative processing technologies such as calendaring and coating, foam processing and radiation processing of polymers. Part four discusses micro and nano-technologies with coverage of themes such as processing of macro, micro and nanocomposites and processing of carbon nanotubes. The final section of the book addresses post-processing technologies with chapters on online monitoring and computer modelling as well as joining, machining, finishing and decorating of polymers. With is distinguished editors and team of international contributors, Advances in polymer processing: From macro- to nano- scales is an invaluable reference for engineers and academics concerned with polymer processing. Reviews the latest advances in polymer processing, techniques and materials analysing new challenges and opportunities Discusses the fundamentals of polymer processing considering the compounding and mixing of polymers as well as extrusion Assesses alternative processing technologies including calendaring and coating and thermoforming of polymers

Advanced Nanotechnology and Application of Supercritical Fluids

Advanced Nanotechnology and Application of Supercritical Fluids
  • Author : Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-27
  • Total pages :245
  • ISBN : 9783030449841
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Summary : Globalization and industrialization involve a number of reactions, products, extractions, and separations that require the use of organic solvents. These solvents are responsible for a number of ecological concerns, including atmospheric and land toxicity. Conventional organic solvents are regarded as volatile organic compounds; some are even limited due to their potential for ozone layer depletion. While supercritical liquids exhibit physical properties that could make them ideal substitutes for these volatile compounds, there is particular interest in the use of carbon dioxide as a solvent of crude material. In particular, carbon dioxide has apparent ‘green’ properties, like its noncombustible nature, the fact that it is generally nonpoisonous, and its relative inertness. Thus, the use of supercritical carbon dioxide can provide practical improvements to the sustainability of industrial products and processes. This book provides in-depth literature in the area of industrial green processes, focusing on the separation, purification, and extraction of compounds utilizing supercritical carbon dioxide as a green solvent.

Supercritical Fluid Science and Technology

Supercritical Fluid Science and Technology
  • Author : Keith P. Johnston,Johannes M. L. Penninger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : UOM:39015016106513
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Summary : New directions in supercritical fluids science and technology, fluorescence spectroscopy studies of intermolecular interactions in supercritical fluids, solvation structure in supercritical fluid mixtures based on molecular distribution functions, gibbs-ensemble Monte Carlo simulations of phase equilibria in supercritical fluid mixtures, spectroscopic determination of solvent strength and structure in supercritical fluid mixtures, partition coefficients of polyethyle glycols in super critical carbon dioxide, experimental measurement of supercritical fluid-liquid phase equilibrium, vapor-liquid equilibria of fatty acid esters in supercritical fluids, four-phase equilibrium of two ternary organic systems with carbon dioxide, direct viscosity enhancement of carbon dioxide, inverse emulsion polymerization of acrylamide, interaction of polymers with near-critical carbon dioxide, fundamental kinetics of methanol oxidation in supercritical fluids, thermodynamic analysis of corrosion of iron alloys in supercritical water, electrochemical measurements of corrosion of iron alloys in supercritical water, phase and reaction equilibria considerations in the evaluation and operation of supercritical fluid reaction processes, kinetic model for supercritical delignification of wood, gas antisolvent recrystallization solids formation after the expansion of supercritical mixtures, food, pharmaceutical, and environmental applications, design of commercial plant.