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Surface Modification of Textiles

Surface Modification of Textiles
  • Author : Q Wei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-26
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781845696689
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Summary : The surface of textiles offers an important platform for functional modifications in order to meet special requirements for a variety of applications. The surface modification of textiles may be achieved by various techniques ranging from traditional solution treatment to biological approaches. This book reviews fundamental issues relating to textile surfaces and their characterisation and explores the exciting opportunities for surface modification of a range of different textiles. Introductory chapters review some important surface modification techniques employed for improved functional behaviour of textiles and the various surface characterisation methods available. Further chapters examine the different types of surface modification suitable for textiles, ranging from the use of plasma treatments and physical vapour deposition to the use of nanoparticles. Concluding chapters discuss surface modification strategies for various applications of textiles. Surface modification of textiles is a valuable resource for chemists, surface scientists, textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and textile students. Reviews fundamental issues relating to textiles surfaces and their characterisation Examines various types of surface modification suitable for textiles, including plasma treatments and nanoparticles Discusses surface modification strategies for textile applications such as expansion into technical textile applications

Evolution in the Surface Modification of Textiles: a Review

Evolution in the Surface Modification of Textiles: a Review
  • Author : Ayoub Naki,Aicha Boukhriss,Aziz Bentis,Ezzoubeir Jabrane,Said Gmouh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1230144481
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Summary :

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles
  • Author : Christopher Pastore,Paul Kiekens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-12-06
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 0824700023
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Summary : An exploration of the surface characteristics of fibres and textiles. It emphasizes how fibre surface affects permeability, stiffness, strength, dyeing, wrinkling, and other performance characteristics to optimize production. It also illustrates methods for developing wrinkle-resistant finishes on fibre surfaces using environmentally friendly techniques.

Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles

Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles
  • Author : Mohammad Shahid,Ravindra Adivarekar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-10
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9789811536694
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview of the field of functional finishing of textiles, describing the state-of-the-art research and well-established techniques applied in the textile industry, and covering all areas of textile dyeing and finishing. It is intended for academic researchers and professionals in related scientific and engineering fields, including textile engineering, chemistry, nanotechnology, material science, biotechnology and environmental science. The book also provides reference material for stakeholders looking for innovative technologies and insights into the environmental and sustainability issues in the development of functional textiles and related products.

Textile Finishing

Textile Finishing
  • Author : K. L. Mittal,Thomas Bahners
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-22
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9781119426851
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Summary : Textiles have been historically and traditionally used to make clothes, but even in ancient times there were technical textiles for making sails, tents, etc. Today, technical textiles are used in various industries for a host of purposes and applications. Recently, there have been exciting developments on various fronts in the textile field to impart novel and innovative functionalities to textiles, e.g., easy-to-clean or dirt-repellent, flame retardancy, anti-bacterial, and fog-harvesting properties, to name a few. Also, textiles for electronics based on graphene, CNTs and other nanomaterials, conductive textiles, textiles for sensor function, textile-fixed catalysts, textiles for batteries and energy storage, textiles as substrates for tissue engineering, and textiles for O/W separation have appeared in the literature. All this has been possible through adopting novel ways for finishing textiles, e.g., by appropriate surface modification techniques, and utilizing biomimetic concepts borrowed from nature. This unique book entitled “Textile Finishing: Recent Developments and Future Trends” is divided into four parts: Part 1: Recent Developments/Current Challenges in Textile Finishing; Part 2: Surface Modification Techniques for Textiles; Part 3: Innovative Functionalities of Textiles; Part 4: Fiber-Reinforced Composites. The topics covered include: Antimicrobial textile finishes; flame retardant textile finishing; “self-cleaning” or easy-to-clean textiles; metallization of textiles; atmospheric pressure plasma, and uv-based photochemical surface modification of textiles; tunable wettability of textiles; 3D textile structures for fog harvesting; textile-fixed catalysts; medical textiles as substrates for tissue engineering; and fiber-reinforced “green” or “greener” biocomposites and the relevance of fiber/matrix adhesion.

Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing

Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing
  • Author : Jamshed A Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-01
  • Total pages :341
  • ISBN : 1681173239
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Summary : Years of human ignorance has diminished our natural resources and aged our planet. Now, people are making an effort to change the way they are treating the planet. Being more environmentally conscious about the impact materials used for fashion have on our planet is one-way designers can reduce waste and help enable a better world. By going eco-friendly can be less harmful to our natural resources. Not all fashion is following this eco-friendly trend, but more designers are embracing the trend toward eco-fashion than ever before. If the entire fashion industry became eco-friendly, it would make a huge difference for future generations because the fashion industry employs over a billion people globally. There is need for eco-friendly wet processing that is sustainable and beneficial methods. Number of sustainable practices has been implemented by various textile processing industries such as Eco- friendly bleaching; Peroxide bleaching; Eco-friendly dyeing and Printing; Low impact dyes; Natural dyes; Azo Free dyes; Phthalates Free Printing. There are a variety of materials considered "environmentally-friendly" for a variety of reasons. The industry is desperately in the need of newer and very efficient dyeing/finishing and functional treatments of textiles. There is growing awareness and readiness to adapt new perspective on industrial upgradation of Cleaner Production Programme, such new technologies help enterprises achieve green production and cost reduction at the same time. Green Production has become necessary for enterprises under the upgrade and transformation policy. The book Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing covers topics in the area of sustainable practices in textile dyeing and finishing.

Surface Modification Systems for Creating Stimuli-responsiveness of Textiles

Surface Modification Systems for Creating Stimuli-responsiveness of Textiles
  • Author : Dragan Jocić
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :122
  • ISBN : OCLC:708317810
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Summary :

Wetting and Wettability

Wetting and Wettability
  • Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-16
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9789535122159
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Summary : On the liquid 's surface, the molecules have fewer neighbors in comparison with the bulk volume. As a result, the energy interaction shows itself in the surface tension. Traditionally, the surface tension can be assumed as a force in the unit of the length which can be counted by the unit of Newton on squared meter, or energy on the units of the surface. The surface tension, implies the interface between liquid and vapor, which is an example of the surface tensions. The equilibrium between these surface tensions, decides that a droplet on a solid surface, would have a droplet form or will change to layer form. This book collects new developments in wetting and wettability science.

Biotextiles as medical implants

Biotextiles as medical implants
  • Author : D. Tessier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-31
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 9780128091500
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Summary : Surface properties are a critical aspect of textiles for medical applications. This chapter discusses some popular surface modification techniques: plasma activation, plasma polymerization, chemical grafting, and polymer encapsulation of nanoparticles.

The Surface Modification of Ballistic Textiles Using Plasma-assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (PACVD).

The Surface Modification of Ballistic Textiles Using Plasma-assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (PACVD).
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1051337256
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Summary : This paper describes studies on the surface modification of so-called ballistic materials (materials commonly used to protect the human body against firearms, i.e. fragments or bullets). Two materials, an ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) composite and aramid fabric, were investigated. The surfaces of these fibrous materials were modified using plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition (PACVD) to examine the effects of the modification on the material properties, which are important for designing ballistic protections. Accordingly, both the mechanical strength and water resistance of the modified materials were tested. The results clearly show the impact of the modification on both parameters.

Surface Modification of Polymers

Surface Modification of Polymers
  • Author : Jean Pinson,Damien Thiry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-23
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9783527345410
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Summary : A guide to modifying and functionalizing the surfaces of polymers Surface Modification of Polymers is an essential guide to the myriad methods that can be employed to modify and functionalize the surfaces of polymers. The functionalization of polymer surfaces is often required for applications in sensors, membranes, medicinal devices, and others. The contributors?noted experts on the topic?describe the polymer surface in detail and discuss the internal and external factors that influence surface properties. This comprehensive guide to the most important methods for the introduction of new functionalities is an authoritative resource for everyone working in the field. This book explores many applications, including the plasma polymerization technique, organic surface functionalization by initiated chemical vapor deposition, photoinduced functionalization on polymer surfaces, functionalization of polymers by hydrolysis, aminolysis, reduction, oxidation, surface modification of nanoparticles, and many more. Inside, readers will find information on various applications in the biomedical field, food science, and membrane science. This important book: -Offers a range of polymer functionalization methods for biomedical applications, water filtration membranes, and food science -Contains discussions of the key surface modification methods, including plasma and chemical techniques, as well as applications for nanotechnology, environmental filtration, food science, and biomedicine -Includes contributions from a team of international renowned experts Written for polymer chemists, materials scientists, plasma physicists, analytical chemists, surface physicists, and surface chemists, Surface Modification of Polymers offers a comprehensive and application-oriented review of the important functionalization methods with a special focus on biomedical applications, membrane science, and food science.

Non-woven Fabrics

Non-woven Fabrics
  • Author : Han-Yong Jeon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-24
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9789535122715
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Summary : Non-woven Fabrics is differentiated text which covers overall stream from raw fibers to final products and includes features of manufacturing and finish process with specialized application end use. Application range of non-woven fabrics is extended to all the industrial fields needless to say apparel, such as ICT (information and communication technology), bio- and medicals, automobiles, architectures, construction and environmental. Every chapter is related to the important and convergent fields with the technical application purpose from downstream to upstream fields. Also, applicability of non-woven fabrics is introduced to be based on the structural analysis of dimensional concept and various non-woven fabrics as a state-of-art embedded convergent material are emphasized in all industry fields by using nanofibers and carbon fibers.

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles
  • Author : Chi-wai Kan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-02
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 9781439839447
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Summary : Industries worldwide have been impacted by environmental regulations, economics, and ultimately consumers, which has led to more thought about the development of sustainable products. The textile industry is no exception. The preparation, dyeing, and finishing of textile fibres requires large amounts of water and other chemicals which may be toxic or hazardous. Green chemistry along with other green technologies may now play a leading role in this process. This book emphasises the importance of plasma treatment as a green and sustainable technology. A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles: Plasma Treatment as a Sustainable Technology discusses the plasma treatment of textile fibres and its environmental, economic, and social benefits. The book reviews the general properties of textiles and provides a description of the current treatment methods typically used today. The author then introduces the concept of plasma and its application in treating textile materials. The application of plasma as a pretreatment as well as a treatment in dyeing textiles is discussed. The book summarizes the application of plasma treatment in the printing and finishing of textiles. Also explored is the concept of sustainability and its role in the development of plasma treatments in textile wet processing. The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry are incorporated throughout the book.

Plasma Technologies for Textiles

Plasma Technologies for Textiles
  • Author : Roshan Shishoo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-02-21
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9781845692575
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Summary : Plasma technologies present an environmentally-friendly and versatile way of treating textile materials in order to enhance a variety of properties such as wettability, liquid repellency, dyeability and coating adhesion. Recent advances made in commercially viable plasma systems have greatly increased the potential of using plasma technology in industrial textile finishing. This pioneering book provides an essential guide to both the technology and science related to plasmas and its practical applications in the textile industry. The first part of the book discusses the science and technology behind plasmas. Chapters give detailed and comprehensive descriptions on the characteristics of plasmas and methods of control and treatment in the processing of textiles. Both low pressure cold plasma and atmospheric pressure cold plasma processes are described as well as the diagnosis and control of plasma parameters in plasma generating reactors. A chapter is devoted to the use of plasma technology to achieve nanoscale treatment of textile surfaces. The second part of the book concentrates on specific applications of plasma technologies. Chapters cover treatments for water and oil repellency of textiles, engineering of biomedical textiles and woollen finishing techniques through the use of plasma technologies. Further chapters cover the modification of fibres for use in composites and the potential use of plasma technologies for the finishing of fabrics made of man made fibres. The final chapter in the book gives a comprehensive analysis of the surface chemical and physical characterisation of plasma treated fabrics. Written by a distinguished international team of experts, Plasma technologies for textiles is an invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists alike. Summarises both the science and technology of plasma processing, and its practical applications Discusses how plasma technology improves textile properties such as wettability and liquid repelling An invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles

Active Coatings for Smart Textiles
  • Author : Jinlian Hu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-06
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 9780081002650
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Summary : Active Coatings for Smart Textiles presents the latest information on active materials and their application to textiles in the form of coatings and finishes for the purpose of improving performance and creating active functional effects. This important book provides detailed coverage of smart coating types, processes, and applications. After an introduction to the topic, Part One introduces various types of smart and active coatings, including memory polymer coatings, durable and self-cleaning coatings, and breathable coatings. Technologies and related processes for the application of coatings to textiles is the focus of Part Two, with chapters devoted to microencapsulation technology, plasma surface treatments, and nanotechnology-based treatments. The book ends with a section on applications of smart textiles with responsive coatings, which are increasingly finding commercial niches in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles, and architecture. Introduces various types of smart and active coatings for textiles Covers technologies and application processes for the coating and finishing of textiles Reviews commercial applications of such coatings, including in sportswear, protective clothing, medical textiles and architecture

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles
  • Author : M. J. Schick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1977-04-01
  • Total pages :688
  • ISBN : 0824765311
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Summary : The extraordinary growth in the production and use of man-made fibers over the past fewdecades has focused attention on the surface properties of fibers and textiles. This volumecombines surface science and technology in its presentation of the substantial progressthat has been made in the technology related to the surface characteristics of natural, synthetic, and glass fibers and textiles.Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the coverage places emphasis upon the wetting, soiling, staining, frictional, and adhesive properties of fibers and fabrics, as well asphenomena related to these properties. The book offers critical reviews which describeexperimental facts, theories, and processes. Symbols are clearly defined in each chapter.Among the subjects covered are the surface properties of glass fibers, soil release, stainand water repellance, friction of fabrics, bonding of nonwovens, and the wetting of fibers.Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles, Part II is an outstanding textbook forcourses dealing with surface chemistry, the mechanical properties of textiles, textiletechnology, and polymer chemistry . It is also a valuable reference book designed to makecurrent knowledge on these subjects accessible to industrial and academic researchers

Plasma Surface Modification and Plasma Polymerization

Plasma Surface Modification and Plasma Polymerization
  • Author : Norihiro Inagaki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-03-06
  • Total pages :265
  • ISBN : 1566763371
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Summary : In current materials R&D, high priority is given to surface modification techniques to achieve improved surface properties for specific applications requirements. Plasma treatment and polymerization are important technologies for this purpose. This book provides a basic and thorough presentation of this subject. This is probably the first book to cover plasma treatment and polymerization for the purpose of surface modification. Chemistry, processes and applications are detailed. More than 150 figures include numerous schematics which illustrate the chemistry and processes. More than 100 tables and graphics provide useful reference data in convenient form.

Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Cyclodextrins

Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Cyclodextrins
  • Author : J. Szejtli,L. Szente
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :685
  • ISBN : 9789401154482
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Summary : This volume contains the proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Cyclodextrins, held in Budapest, Hungary, March 31-April 2, 1996. The 147 papers collected here are milestones in the exponentially increasing cyclodextrin literature, and represent a summary of the last two years' achievement in this field, with applications in such diverse disciplines as pharmaceuticals, food, cosmetics, textiles, plastics, and chromatography. Some highlights: lipophilicity profiles of cyclodextrins by computer molecular graphics; recent toxicological studies on cyclodextrins; Buckminsterfullerene/cyclodextrin complexes; hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin; pharmacokinetics and toxicology; peracylated cyclodextrins as drug carriers; cyclodextrins in nasal drug delivery; textile fibre surface modification by a reactive cyclodextrin; cyclodextrin-containing fabric care products; drug targeting by cyclodextrin-dimers for photodynamic cancer therapy; cyclodextrins in ophthalmologic drugs; new cyclodextrin derivatives and their potentials. Audience: This book will be of interest to researchers whose work involves pharmaceuticals, food chemicals and flavours, food additives, chromatographic methods, and biotechnology, as well as fundamental cyclodextrin research.

Biodegradable Green Composites

Biodegradable Green Composites
  • Author : Susheel Kalia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-29
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781118911099
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Summary : This book comprehensively addresses surface modification of natural fibers to make them more effective, cost-efficient, and environmentally friendly. Topics include the elucidation of important aspects surrounding chemical and green approaches for the surface modification of natural fibers, the use of recycled waste, properties of biodegradable polyesters, methods such as electrospinning, and applications of hybrid composite materials.

Radiation Effects in Materials

Radiation Effects in Materials
  • Author : Waldemar Alfredo Monteiro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-20
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 9789535124177
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Summary : The study of radiation effects has developed as a major field of materials science from the beginning, approximately 70 years ago. Its rapid development has been driven by two strong influences. The properties of the crystal defects and the materials containing them may then be studied. The types of radiation that can alter structural materials consist of neutrons, ions, electrons, gamma rays or other electromagnetic waves with different wavelengths. All of these forms of radiation have the capability to displace atoms/molecules from their lattice sites, which is the fundamental process that drives the changes in all materials. The effect of irradiation on materials is fixed in the initial event in which an energetic projectile strikes a target. The book is distributed in four sections: Ionic Materials; Biomaterials; Polymeric Materials and Metallic Materials.

Frontiers of Textile Materials

Frontiers of Textile Materials
  • Author : Mohd Shabbir,Shakeel Ahmed,Javed N. Sheikh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-10
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781119620419
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Summary : The book “Frontiers and Textile Materials will deal with the important materials that can be utilized for value-addition and functionalization of textile materials. The topics covered in this book includes the materials like enzymes, polymers, etc. that are utilized for conventional textile processing and the advanced materials like nanoparticles which are expected to change the horizons of textiles. The futuristic techniques for textile processing like plasma are also discussed.