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Sustainable Composites for Lightweight Applications

Sustainable Composites for Lightweight Applications
  • Author : Hom Dhakal,Sikiru Oluwarotimi Ismail
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-22
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9780128183175
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Summary : Carbon and glass fibre reinforced composite materials have been used for many years in several different types of applications. However, these conventional composites are derived from non-renewable reinforcements and they pose a significant threat to the environment. Government legislation and consumer behaviour have recently forced many industries to adapt sustainable composites. Industries such as automotive, marine and aerospace are now seeking sustainable lightweight composites with the aim to reduce the overall weight of the components with enhanced materials and design aspects. Therefore, there is high demand on research for the development of sustainable lightweight composites. This book presents a comprehensive review of lightweight composites with the central aim to increase their use in key industrial sectors such as automotive, marine and aerospace. There is no such book currently available that is dedicated to sustainable lightweight applications covering important topics such as key drivers for lightweight composites, mechanical properties, damage characterisation, durability and environmental aspects. Key topics that are addressed include: The roles of reinforcements and matrices in composite materials Sustainable natural fibre reinforcements and their morphological structures Lightweight applications and properties requirements Design, manufacturing processes and their effects on properties Testing and damage characterisation of composite materials Sustainable composites and techniques for property enhancement Future trends and challenges for sustainable composites in lightweight applications It will be a valuable reference resource for those working in material Science, polymer science, materials engineering, and industries involved in the manufacture of automotive and aerospace components from lightweight composite materials. Provides a comprehensive review of sustainable lightweight composites looking at key industrial applications such as automotive, marine, and aerospace and construction Important relationships between structure and properties are analysed in detail Enhancement of properties through hybrid systems, are also explored with emphasis on design, materials selection and manufacturing techniques

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications
  • Author : Omar Faruk,Jimi Tjong,Mohini Sain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-01
  • Total pages :497
  • ISBN : 9781351649001
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Summary : Automotive manufacturers are required to decrease CO2 emissions and increase fuel economy while assuring driver comfort and safety. In recent years, there has been rapid development in the application of lightweight and sustainable materials in the automotive industry to help meet these criteria. This book provides critical reviews and the latest research results of various lightweight and sustainable materials in automotive applications. It discusses current applications and future trends of lightweight materials in the automotive area. While there are a few books published mainly focusing on automotive applications of metallic lightweight materials, to date there is no available book focusing on a broad spectrum of lightweight materials, including metal, plastic, composites, bio-fiber, bio-polymer, carbon fiber, glass fiber, nanomaterials, rubber materials, and foaming materials, as this work does. The book also includes case studies of commercial lightweight automotive parts from sustainable lightweight materials, providing an invaluable resource to those involved in this in-demand research and commercialization area.

Sustainable Composites for Aerospace Applications

Sustainable Composites for Aerospace Applications
  • Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-27
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9780081021385
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Summary : Sustainable Composites for Aerospace Applications presents innovative advances in the fabrication, characterization and applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites. It covers fundamental structural and chemical knowledge and explores various properties and characterization techniques, including microscopic, spectroscopic and mechanical behaviors. Users will find a strong focus on the potential applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites, such as in energy, electronics, electromagnetic shielding, biomedical, agricultural, food packaging and water purification functions. This book provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research in the field of LDH polymer nanocomposites and future applications, and is an essential read for all academics, researchers, engineers and students working in this area. Presents fundamental knowledge of LDH polymer nanocomposites, including chemical composition, structural features and fabrication techniques Provides an analytical overview of the different types of characterization techniques and technologies Contains extensive reviews on cutting-edge research for future applications in a variety of industries

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications
  • Author : Omar Faruk,Jimi Tjong,Mohini Sain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-01
  • Total pages :497
  • ISBN : 9781498756884
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Summary : Automotive manufacturers are required to decrease CO2 emissions and increase fuel economy while assuring driver comfort and safety. In recent years, there has been rapid development in the application of lightweight and sustainable materials in the automotive industry to help meet these criteria. This book provides critical reviews and the latest research results of various lightweight and sustainable materials in automotive applications. It discusses current applications and future trends of lightweight materials in the automotive area. While there are a few books published mainly focusing on automotive applications of metallic lightweight materials, to date there is no available book focusing on a broad spectrum of lightweight materials, including metal, plastic, composites, bio-fiber, bio-polymer, carbon fiber, glass fiber, nanomaterials, rubber materials, and foaming materials, as this work does. The book also includes case studies of commercial lightweight automotive parts from sustainable lightweight materials, providing an invaluable resource to those involved in this in-demand research and commercialization area.

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites
  • Author : Md Rezaur Rahman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-15
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9780128203422
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Summary : Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites reviews recent scientific findings on the production and use of sustainable polymers and composites as innovative new materials. The book discusses the importance of sustainable polymers in terms of current practices and how to address environmental and economic issues. Attention is focused on the physical, chemical and electrical properties of these composites. The book also looks at the lifecycle of both single and hybrid polymers and nanocomposites, with chapters covering the latest research findings on sustainable polymer composites with various filler loadings and their improvement on compatibility. From the viewpoint of polymer composites, this book covers not only well-known sustainable future trends in sustainable polymers and composites, but also advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers that achieve better physical and mechanical results. Features advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers Emphasizes the modeling and prediction of thermal, rheological and mechanical behavior Covers various types of fillers and different reinforcement agents Focuses on all aspects of fabrication, characterization and applications Addresses sustainability approaches and solutions

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials
  • Author : Pedro Costa,Carlos M Costa,Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-08
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 9780128185025
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Summary : Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials presents the current state-of-the-art on multifunctional materials research, focusing on different morphologies and their preparation and applications. The book emphasizes recent advances on these types of materials as well as their application. Chapters cover porous multifunctional materials, thermochromic and thermoelectric materials, shape memory materials, piezoelectric multifunctional materials, electrochromic and electrorheological, soft materials, magnetic and photochromic materials, and more. The book will be a valuable reference resource for academic researchers and industrial engineers working in the design and manufacture of multifunctional materials, composites and nanocomposites. Provides detailed information on design, modeling and structural applications Focuses on characteristics, processing, design and applications Discusses the main types of lightweight multifunctional materials and processing techniques, as well as the physico-chemical insights that can lead to improved performance

Sustainable Composites

Sustainable Composites
  • Author : Anil N. Netravali,Christopher M. Pastore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-24
  • Total pages :546
  • ISBN : 9781605951119
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Summary : Comprehensive introduction to composites from natural and recycled biomaterialsCovers fabrication, mechanical analysis and modeling of green compositesNew ideas for cost-effective alternative matrices, fibers and additivesApplications to construction, automotive, and civil engineering An important contribution to the evolution of composites technology, this book is a systematic investigation of how natural biomaterials are used to create cost-effective and environmentally sound composites for commercial use. The book shows how a wide range of plant- and animal-based materials are integrated into the design and fabrication of matrices and reinforcements for polymeric and other types of composites. In addition, a focus is placed on modeling and mechanical analyses of biobased composites, providing valuable data on their performance. Sustainable composites are shown to be viable alternatives for manufactured components in automotive, civil engineering and construction applications.

Design for Sustainability

Design for Sustainability
  • Author : S.M. Sapuan,Muhd Ridzuan Mansor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-13
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : 9780128194423
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Summary : Design for Sustainability: Green Materials and Processes provides fundamental and practical knowledge surrounding product development applications throughout the entire lifecycle of green materials, ranging from conceptual design, material and manufacturing process selection, and environmental lifecycle assessment. In addition, several topics covering recent advances in the application of sustainable design within the automotive, building and construction, packaging and consumer product industries are also included in this book to provide practical examples of this philosophy in current applications. Lastly, a section on implementation of design for sustainability in education is added to aid readers that wish to introduce this philosophy to younger students. This book will be beneficial to researchers, students in higher education institutions, design practitioners and engineers in private and public sector organization with aspirations to develop sustainable products in the future. Design for sustainability is one of the primary focuses in human advancement nowadays, with the aim of developing products and services that meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Provides an overview on materials and process design for sustainability Discusses theoretical aspects about design for sustainability Includes a discussion of the most recent advances and applications in design for sustainability

Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport

Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport
  • Author : James Njuguna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-22
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 9781782423430
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Summary : Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport: Design, Manufacturing, Analysis and Performance provides a detailed review of lightweight composite materials and structures and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically surface and air transport. The book covers materials selection, the properties and performance of materials, and structures, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes is reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials. Chapters in the first two parts of the book consider the lightweight philosophy and current developments in manufacturing techniques for lightweight composite structures in the transport industry, with subsequent chapters in parts three to five discussing structural optimization and analysis, properties, and performance of lightweight composite structures, durability, damage tolerance and structural integrity. Final chapters present case studies on lightweight composite design for transport structures. Comprehensively covers materials selection, design solutions, manufacturing techniques, structural analysis, and performance of lightweight composite structures in the transport industry Includes commentary from leading industrial and academic experts in the field who present cutting-edge research on advanced lightweight materials for the transport industry Includes case studies on lightweight composite design for transport structures

Sustainable Biopolymer Composites

Sustainable Biopolymer Composites
  • Author : Deepak Verma,Mohit Sharma,Kheng Lim Goh,Siddharth Jain,Himani Sharma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-07-15
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 0128222913
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Summary : Sustainable Advanced Bio-Polymer Composites: Biocompatibility, Self-healing, Modeling, Repair and Recyclability focuses on sustainable polymer composites also referred to as bio- composites. Vital aspects such as biodegradability, bio-compatibility, repair and recyclability are discussed in detail. Complexities like rapid and scalable processing, onsite repair, and minimal environmental effects (reduced carbon emission) are also covered as well as discussion on the appropriateness of advanced polymer composites for structural applications in automotive, aviation, and the marine industry. The composites repair process is extremely complex, and it is essential to have a comprehensive understanding of the damage mechanisms in order to apply the most suitable repair technique. Damage assessment using onsite inspection e.g. NDT, THz techniques and the automated repair process for reliability and repeatability are vital parameters when executing bonded composites repair. Furthermore, overall integrity and structural health monitoring of composites repair is also necessary. Sustainable Biopolymer Composites: Biocompatibility, Self-healing, Modeling, Repair and Recyclability contains key chapters on modeling and simulation of composites damage mechanisms with respect to the specific environment and application. Processing and damage mechanisms are also discussed as well as self-healing properties. The book will be an indispensable resource for the growing number of scientists, engineers, physicists, and chemists, who are interested in the preparation, applications and repair analysis of bio-based composites and nano-composites for different types of final application. It will also be useful for industrial scientists who are active in the formulation, fabrication and repair of polymer products based on renewable resources. Features detailed information on damage detection, failure analysis and repair of advanced bio-polymer composites Emphasis on biocompatibility, degradation and recyclability of these materials Features key chapters on molecular dynamics, multi-scale modelling and self-healing Provides a Roadmap for materials selection, processing and industrial utilization for a broad range of applications Economic, social impact and environmental aspects are also be discussed

Lightweight Ballistic Composites

Lightweight Ballistic Composites
  • Author : Ashok Bhatnagar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-30
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9781845691554
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Summary : Ballistic composites need to be lightweight and durable as well as exhibiting high impact resistance and damage tolerance. This important book reviews these requirements, how the materials used for ballistic composites meet them and their range of applications. After an introductory chapter, Lightweight ballistic composites is split into two main sections. The first part of the book explores material requirements and testing. There are chapters on bullets and bullet fragments, material responses to ballistic impact, standards and specifications, modelling and test methods. Part Two reviews the range of materials used, production methods and applications. Topics discussed include high-performance ballistic fibres and ceramics, non-woven ballistic and prepreg composites, and their uses in body armour, vehicle and aircraft protection. This major book is the first of its kind to give a comprehensive review of the current use of lightweight ballistic composites in both military and law-enforcement applications. It is an invaluable reference for all those involved in personnel and vehicle protection in defence and police forces around the world. Reviews the current use of lightweight ballistic composites in both military and law-enforcement application An authoritative overview of the range of materials used, production methods and applications Explores material requirements and testing

Green Composites

Green Composites
  • Author : Caroline Baillie,Randika Jayasinghe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-27
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9780081008003
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Summary : Green Composites: Waste-based Materials for a Sustainable Future, Second Edition presents exciting new developments on waste-based composites. New, additional, or replacement chapters focus on these elements, reflecting on developments over the past ten years. Authors of existing chapters have brought these themes into their work wherever possible, and case study chapters that connect materials engineering to the topic's social context are included in this revised edition. Professor Baillie believes that the new ‘green’ is the "what and who" composites are being designed for, "what" material needs we have, and "what" access different groups have to the technical knowledge required, etc. Industry is now showing concerns for corporate social responsibility and social impact. Recent conversations with prestigious materials institutions have indicated a growing interest in moving into areas of research that relate their work to beneficial social impacts. The book's example of Waste for Life demonstrates the genre proposed for the case study chapters. Waste for Life adopts scientific knowledge and low-threshold/high-impact technologies. Provides insights into the changes in the Industry, including a greater understanding of noticing that the bottom line is influenced by poor social relations and negative social impact Presents tactics any industry should consider to make engineering part of the solution instead of the problem Includes case study chapters that connect materials engineering in a social context Covers waste green composites, fueling a new direction of research for many Universities

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures
  • Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Suchart Siengchin,Lothar Kroll
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-25
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9780429534294
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive account of developments in the area of lightweight polymer composites. It encompasses design and manufacturing methods for the lightweight polymer structures, various techniques, and a broad spectrum of applications. The book highlights fundamental research in lightweight polymer structures and integrates various aspects from synthesis to applications of these materials. Features Serves as a one stop reference with contributions from leading researchers from industry, academy, government, and private research institutions across the globe Explores all important aspects of lightweight polymer composite structures Offers an update of concepts, advancements, challenges, and application of lightweight structures Current status, trends, future directions, and opportunities are discussed, making it friendly for both new and experienced researchers.

Biocomposites in Automotive Applications

Biocomposites in Automotive Applications
  • Author : Srikanth Pilla,Y. Charles Lu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :131
  • ISBN : 1523102209
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Summary : The automotive sector has taken a keen interest in lightweighting as new required performance standards for fuel economy come into place. This strategy includes parts consolidation, design optimization, and material substitution, with sustainable polymers playing a major role in reducing a vehicle's weight. Sustainable polymers are largely biodegradable, biocompatible, and sourced from renewable plant and agricultural stocks. A facile way to enhance their properties, so they can indeed replace the ones made from fossil fuels, is by reinforcing them with fibers to make composites. Natural fibers are gaining more acceptance in the industry due to their renewable nature, low cost, low density, low energy consumption, high specific strength and stiffness, CO2 sequestration potential, biodegradability, and less wear imposed on machinery. Biocomposites then become a very feasible way to help address the fuel consumption challenge ahead of us.

Renewable and Sustainable Composites

Renewable and Sustainable Composites
  • Author : António Pereira,Fabio Fernandes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-04
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 9781789842159
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Summary : Composites are used in a wide range of applications, from electronics to the aeronautical industry. The excellent mechanical properties and low-specific weight of composites are the basis of many structural applications. Despite the progress achieved, there are significant obstacles to the generalisation of structural applications of composites, mainly due to their high cost and complex mechanical behaviour. In fact, there is currently insufficient knowledge regarding the mechanical properties and failure mechanisms of composites made from renewable and sustainable materials. This book focuses on composites from natural and renewable resources, including the enhancement of their properties with additives such as biodegradable nanomaterials, their mechanical characterisation, tailoring of properties for specific applications and their processing.

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials
  • Author : Matheus Poletto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-30
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9789535127932
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Summary : Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials consists of 16 chapters written by international subject matter experts investigating the characteristic and current application of materials from renewable and sustainable sources. The reader will develop a deeper understanding about the concepts related to renewable materials, biomaterials, natural fibers, biodegradable composites, starch, and recycled materials. This book will serve as the starting point for materials science researchers, engineers, and technologists from the diverse backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering who want to know and better understand the fundamental aspects and current applications of renewable and sustainable materials in several applications.

Durability of Composite Systems

Durability of Composite Systems
  • Author : Kenneth Reifsnider
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-02
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780128182611
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Summary : Durability of Composite Systems meets the challenge of defining these precepts and requirements, from first principles, to applications in a diverse selection of technical fields selected to form a corpus of concepts and methodologies that define the field of durability in composite material systems as a modern discipline. That discipline includes not only the classical rigor of mechanics, physics and chemistry, but also the critical elements of thermodynamics, data analytics, and statistical uncertainty quantification as well as other requirements of the modern subject. This book provides a comprehensive summary of the field, suited to both reference and instructional use. It will be essential reading for academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists and engineers and all those working in the design, analysis and manufacture of composite material systems. Makes essential direct and detailed connections to modern concepts and methodologies, such as machine learning, systems controls, sustainable and resilient systems, and additive manufacturing Provides a careful balance between theory and practice so that presentations of details of methodology and philosophy are always driven by a context of applications and examples Condenses selected information regarding the durability of composite materials in a wide spectrum of applications in the automotive, wind energy, civil engineering, medical devices, electrical systems, aerospace and nuclear fields

Smart Textiles for In Situ Monitoring of Composites

Smart Textiles for In Situ Monitoring of Composites
  • Author : Vladan Koncar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-29
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9780081023099
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Summary : Smart Textiles for in situ Monitoring of Composites proposes a ‘smart textile’ approach to help solve the problem of real-time monitoring of the structural health of composites. The book combines textiles, composites and structural health monitoring knowledge to present an integrated approach to the deployment of smart textiles to monitor failure modes in composite materials. It introduces the theory of smart textiles for monitoring and measurement applications, describes established and developing techniques and approaches for using smart textiles for in-situ monitoring, and includes different fiber/matrix combinations and hybrid structures that are all presented using academic research and real-world case studies. As smart textiles are fitted with flexible adapted sensors and actuators that detect stress, deformation, temperature changes, light intensity, and other signals from the environment, this book is a timely resource on the topic. Proposes a ‘smart textile’ approach to in situ monitoring of the structural health of composites where the composite structure’s functionalized reinforcement also plays a role Discusses the impact of this technology on different reinforcement materials and matrices Demonstrates, through a review of research and case studies, the implementation of sensing and measurement systems

Hybrid Fiber Composites

Hybrid Fiber Composites
  • Author : Anish Khan,Sanjay M. R.,Mohammad Jawaid,Abdullah M. Asiri,Suchart Siengchin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-19
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9783527346721
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Summary : Fiber-reinforced composites are exceptionally versatile materials whose properties can be tuned to exhibit a variety of favorable properties such as high tensile strength and resistance against wear or chemical and thermal influences. Consequently, these materials are widely used in various industrial fields such as the aircraft, marine, and automobile industry. After an overview of the general structures and properties of hybrid fiber composites, the book focuses on the manufacturing and processing of these materials and their mechanical performance, including the elucidation of failure mechanisms. A comprehensive chapter on the modeling of hybrid fiber composites from micromechanical properties to macro-scale material behavior is followed by a review of applications of these materials in structural engineering, packaging, and the automotive and aerospace industries.

Lignin in Polymer Composites

Lignin in Polymer Composites
  • Author : Omar Faruk,Mohini Sain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-24
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9780323355667
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Summary : Lignin in Polymer Composites presents the latest information on lignin, a natural polymer derived from renewable resources that has great potential as a reinforcement material in composites because it is non-toxic, inexpensive, available in large amounts, and is starting to be deployed in various materials applications due to its advantages over more traditional oil-based materials. This book reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of lignin, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. Finally, the huge potential applications of lignin in industry are explored with respect to its low cost, recyclable properties, and fully biodegradable composites, and the way they apply to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. Reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites Presents the essential processing and properties information for engineers and materials scientists, enabling the use of lignin in composites Provides critical insight into the applications and future trends of lignin-based composites, including advantages, shortcomings, and economics Includes a thorough coverage of extraction, modification, processing, and applications of the material

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications
  • Author : S.M. Sapuan,R.A. Ilyas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-26
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9780128209233
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Summary : Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications provides a detailed review of advanced macro and nanocomposite materials and structures, and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically for automotive applications. This book covers materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes are reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials and new research pathways where composites can be derived from agricultural waste in the future, as well as the development and performance of hybrid composites. The book is an essential reference resource for those researching materials development and industrial design engineers who need a detailed understanding of materials usage in transport structures. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis of composite products in automotive applications is also discussed, and the effect of different fiber orientation on crash performance. Synthetic/natural fiber composites for aircraft engine fire-designated zones are linked to automotive applications. Additional chapters include the application and use of magnesium composites compared to biocomposites in the automotive industry; autonomous inspection and repair of aircraft composite structures via vortex robot technology and its application in automotive applications; composites in a three-wheeler (tuk tuk); and thermal properties of composites in automotive applications. Covers advanced macro and nanocomposites used in automotive structures Emphasizes materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques Features case studies of successful applications of biocomposites in automotive structures