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Synthesis, Modelling and Characterization of 2D Materials and their Heterostructures

Synthesis, Modelling and Characterization of 2D Materials and their Heterostructures
  • Author : Eui-Hyeok Yang,Dibakar Datta,Junjun Ding,Grzegorz Hader
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-19
  • Total pages :534
  • ISBN : 9780128184769
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Summary : Synthesis, Modelling and Characterization of 2D Materials and Their Heterostructures provides a detailed discussion on the multiscale computational approach surrounding atomic, molecular and atomic-informed continuum models. In addition to a detailed theoretical description, this book provides example problems, sample code/script, and a discussion on how theoretical analysis provides insight into optimal experimental design. Furthermore, the book addresses the growth mechanism of these 2D materials, the formation of defects, and different lattice mismatch and interlayer interactions. Sections cover direct band gap, Raman scattering, extraordinary strong light matter interaction, layer dependent photoluminescence, and other physical properties. Explains multiscale computational techniques, from atomic to continuum scale, covering different time and length scales Provides fundamental theoretical insights, example problems, sample code and exercise problems Outlines major characterization and synthesis methods for different types of 2D materials

2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials

2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials
  • Author : Satyabrata Jit,Santanu Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-09
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9780128176795
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Summary : 2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications assesses the current status and future prospects for 2D materials other than graphene (e.g., BN nanosheets, MoS2, NbSe2, WS2, etc.) that have already been contemplated for both low-end and high-end technological applications. The book offers an overview of the different synthesis techniques for 2D materials and their heterostructures, with a detailed explanation of the many potential future applications. It provides an informed overview and fundamentals properties related to the 2D Transition metal dichalcogenide materials and their heterostructures. The book helps researchers to understand the progress of this field and points the way to future research in this area. Explores synthesis techniques of newly evolved 2D materials and their heterostructures with controlled properties Offers detailed analysis of the fundamental properties (via various experimental process and simulations techniques) of 2D heterostructures materials Discusses the applications of 2D heterostructured materials in various high-performance devices

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials
  • Author : Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray Late,Hywel Morgan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9780081025789
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Summary : Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials

2D Materials

2D Materials
  • Author : Phaedon Avouris,Tony F. Heinz,Tony Low
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-29
  • Total pages :523
  • ISBN : 9781107163713
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Summary : Learn about the most recent advances in 2D materials with this comprehensive and accessible text. Providing all the necessary materials science and physics background, leading experts discuss the fundamental properties of a wide range of 2D materials, and their potential applications in electronic, optoelectronic and photonic devices. Several important classes of materials are covered, from more established ones such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride, and transition metal dichalcogenides, to new and emerging materials such as black phosphorus, silicene, and germanene. Readers will gain an in-depth understanding of the electronic structure and optical, thermal, mechanical, vibrational, spin and plasmonic properties of each material, as well as the different techniques that can be used for their synthesis. Presenting a unified perspective on 2D materials, this is an excellent resource for graduate students, researchers and practitioners working in nanotechnology, nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, condensed matter physics, and chemistry.

Low-Dimensional and Nanostructured Materials and Devices

Low-Dimensional and Nanostructured Materials and Devices
  • Author : Hilmi Ünlü,Norman J. M. Horing,Jaroslaw Dabrowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-01
  • Total pages :674
  • ISBN : 9783319253404
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Summary : This book focuses on the fundamental phenomena at nanoscale. It covers synthesis, properties, characterization and computer modelling of nanomaterials, nanotechnologies, bionanotechnology, involving nanodevices. Further topics are imaging, measuring, modeling and manipulating of low dimensional matter at nanoscale. The topics covered in the book are of vital importance in a wide range of modern and emerging technologies employed or to be employed in most industries, communication, healthcare, energy, conservation , biology, medical science, food, environment, and education, and consequently have great impact on our society.

Two-dimensional Materials

Two-dimensional Materials
  • Author : Pramoda Kumar Nayak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-31
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9789535125549
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Summary : There are only a few discoveries and new technologies in materials science that have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our material world. Discovery of two-dimensional (2D) materials, the thinnest form of materials to ever occur in nature, is one of them. After isolation of graphene from graphite in 2004, a whole other class of atomically thin materials, dominated by surface effects and showing completely unexpected and extraordinary properties, has been created. This book provides a comprehensive view and state-of-the-art knowledge about 2D materials such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) and so on. It consists of 11 chapters contributed by a team of experts in this exciting field and provides latest synthesis techniques of 2D materials, characterization and their potential applications in energy conservation, electronics, optoelectronics and biotechnology.

2D Materials for Nanoelectronics

2D Materials for Nanoelectronics
  • Author : Michel Houssa,Athanasios Dimoulas,Alessandro Molle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-05
  • Total pages :467
  • ISBN : 9781498704182
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Summary : Major developments in the semiconductor industry are on the horizon through the use of two-dimensional (2D) materials, such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides, for integrated circuits (ICs). 2D Materials for Nanoelectronics is the first comprehensive treatment of these materials and their applications in nanoelectronic devices. Comprised of chapters authored by internationally recognised researchers, this book: Discusses the use of graphene for high-frequency analog circuits Explores logic and photonic applications of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) Addresses novel 2D materials including silicene, germanene, stanene, and phosphorene Considers the use of 2D materials for both field-effect transistors (FETs) and logic circuits Provides background on the simulation of structural, electronic, and transport properties from first principles 2D Materials for Nanoelectronics presents extensive, state-of-the-art coverage of the fundamental and applied aspects of this exciting field.

2D Materials and Van der Waals Heterostructures

2D Materials and Van der Waals Heterostructures
  • Author : Antonio Di Bartolomeo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-23
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9783039287680
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Summary : The advent of graphene and, more recently, two-dimensional materials has opened new perspectives in electronics, optoelectronics, energy harvesting, and sensing applications. This book, based on a Special Issue published in Nanomaterials – MDPI covers experimental, simulation, and theoretical research on 2D materials and their van der Waals heterojunctions. The emphasis is the physical properties and the applications of 2D materials in state-of-the-art sensors and electronic or optoelectronic devices.

Layered 2D Materials and Their Allied Applications

Layered 2D Materials and Their Allied Applications
  • Author : Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-27
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781119655206
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Summary : Ever since the discovery of graphene, two-dimensional layered materials (2DLMs) have been the central tool of the materials research community. The reason behind their importance is their superlative and unique electronic, optical, physical, chemical and mechanical properties in layered form rather than in bulk form. The 2DLMs have been applied to electronics, catalysis, energy, environment, and biomedical applications. The following topics are discussed in the book’s fifteen chapters: • The research status of the 2D metal-organic frameworks and the different techniques used to synthesize them. • 2D black phosphorus (BP) and its practical application in various fields. • Reviews the synthesis methods of MXenes and provides a detailed discussion of their structural characterization and physical, electrochemical and optical properties, as well as applications in catalysis, energy storage, environmental management, biomedicine, and gas sensing. • The carbon-based materials and their potential applications via the photocatalytic process using visible light irradiation. • 2D materials like graphene, TMDCs, few-layer phosphorene, MXene in layered form and their heterostructures. • The structure and applications of 2D perovskites. • The physical parameters of pristine layered materials, ZnO, transition metal dichalcogenides, and heterostructures of layered materials are discussed. • The coupling of graphitic carbon nitride with various metal sulfides and oxides to form efficient heterojunction for water purification. • The structural features, synthetic methods, properties, and different applications and properties of 2D zeolites. • The methods for synthesizing 2D hollow nanostructures are featured and their structural aspects and potential in medical and non-medical applications. • The characteristics and structural aspects of 2D layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and the various synthesis methods and role of LDH in non-medical applications as adsorbent, sensor, catalyst, etc. • The synthesis of graphene-based 2D layered materials synthesized by using top-down and bottom-up approaches where the main emphasis is on the hot-filament thermal chemical vapor deposition (HFTCVD) method. • The different properties of 2D h-BN and borophene and the various methods being used for the synthesis of 2D h-BN, along with their growth mechanism and transfer techniques. • The physical properties and current progress of various transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) based on photoactive materials for photoelectrochemical (PEC) hydrogen evolution reaction. • The state-of-the-art of 2D layered materials and associated devices, such as electronic, biosensing, optoelectronic, and energy storage applications.

Modeling, Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials

Modeling, Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials
  • Author : V Tewary,Y Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-17
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 9781782422358
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Summary : Nano-scale materials have unique electronic, optical, and chemical properties which make them attractive for a new generation of devices. Part one of Modeling, Characterization, and Production of Nanomaterials: Electronics, Photonics and Energy Applications covers modeling techniques incorporating quantum mechanical effects to simulate nanomaterials and devices, such as multiscale modeling and density functional theory. Part two describes the characterization of nanomaterials using diffraction techniques and Raman spectroscopy. Part three looks at the structure and properties of nanomaterials, including their optical properties and atomic behaviour. Part four explores nanofabrication and nanodevices, including the growth of graphene, GaN-based nanorod heterostructures and colloidal quantum dots for applications in nanophotonics and metallic nanoparticles for catalysis applications. Comprehensive coverage of the close connection between modeling and experimental methods for studying a wide range of nanomaterials and nanostructures Focus on practical applications and industry needs, supported by a solid outlining of theoretical background Draws on the expertise of leading researchers in the field of nanomaterials from around the world

Semiconductors

Semiconductors
  • Author : Martin I. Pech-Canul,Nuggehalli M. Ravindra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-17
  • Total pages :590
  • ISBN : 9783030021719
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Summary : This book is a practical guide to optical, optoelectronic, and semiconductor materials and provides an overview of the topic from its fundamentals to cutting-edge processing routes to groundbreaking technologies for the most recent applications. The book details the characterization and properties of these materials. Chemical methods of synthesis are emphasized by the authors throughout the publication. Describes new materials and updates to older materials that exhibit optical, optoelectronic and semiconductor behaviors; Covers the structural and mechanical aspects of the optical, optoelectronic and semiconductor materials for meeting mechanical property and safety requirements; Includes discussion of the environmental and sustainability issues regarding optical, optoelectronic, and semiconductor materials, from processing to recycling.

Advances In The Chemistry And Physics Of Materials: Overview Of Selected Topics

Advances In The Chemistry And Physics Of Materials: Overview Of Selected Topics
  • Author : Narayana Chandrabhas,Rao C N R,George Subi J
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-17
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9789811211348
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Summary : Advances in the Chemistry and Physics of Materials is a compilation of topics on the recent developments in the areas of Materials Science.Materials Science has been a subject of major interest which has garnered significant attention over the years. Chemists and physicists have contributed extensively to this frontier research area and their synergistic efforts have led to the discovery of many new, exciting materials involving novel functions. In the light of the growing importance of the field of Materials Science, and owing to the fact that it is a subject that holds a lot of promise, internationally renowned Materials Chemist Prof. C.N.R Rao along with his colleagues at the School of Advanced Materials, at JNCASR, have compiled the contents of this book to highlight and showcase the emerging trends in materials science.It touches upon topics spanning over nanomaterials and various other classes of energy materials for harvesting, storage and conversion. The relatively new and exciting range of materials such as supramolecular, soft and biomaterials have been introduced and elucidated, in the book. Special emphasis has been laid on the synthesis, phenomena and characterization of these kinds of materials. Theoretical and Computational Chemistry has played an important role in the growth of Materials Science as a discipline, and the book covers a special topical session on the theoretical efforts in materials research.The book, packed with theory and practical aspects in a crisp and concise manner, aims to take the reader on an intense scientific expedition. The compilation provides an insight into the chemistry and physics of materials and presents up-to-date status reports which would, undoubtedly, be useful to practitioners, teachers and students.

Advances in Memristor Neural Networks

Advances in Memristor Neural Networks
  • Author : Calin Ciufudean
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-03
  • Total pages :124
  • ISBN : 9781789841152
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Summary : Nowadays, scientific research deals with alternative solutions for creating non-traditional computing systems, such as neural network architectures where the stochastic nature and live dynamics of memristive models play a key role. The features of memristors make it possible to direct processing and analysis of both biosystems and systems driven by artificial intelligence, as well as develop plausible physical models of spiking neural networks with self-organization. This book deals with advanced applications illustrating these concepts, and delivers an important contribution for the achievement of the next generation of intelligent hybrid biostructures. Different modeling and simulation tools can deliver an alternative to funding the theoretical approach as well as practical implementation of memristive systems.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials
  • Author : S. C. Singh,H.B. Zeng,Chunlei Guo,Weiping Cai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-22
  • Total pages :810
  • ISBN : 9783527646845
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Summary : The first in-depth treatment of the synthesis, processing, and characterization of nanomaterials using lasers, ranging from fundamentals to the latest research results, this handy reference is divided into two main sections. After introducing the concepts of lasers, nanomaterials, nanoarchitectures and laser-material interactions in the first three chapters, the book goes on to discuss the synthesis of various nanomaterials in vacuum, gas and liquids. The second half discusses various nanomaterial characterization techniques involving lasers, from Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopies to light dynamic scattering, laser spectroscopy and such unusual techniques as laser photo acoustic, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, ultrafast dynamics and laser-induced thermal pulses. The specialist authors adopt a practical approach throughout, with an emphasis on experiments, set-up, and results. Each chapter begins with an introduction and is uniform in covering the basic approaches, experimental setups, and dependencies of the particular method on different parameters, providing sufficient theory and modeling to understand the principles behind the techniques.

2D Materials

2D Materials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-24
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9780128043370
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Summary : 2D Materials contains the latest information on the current frontier of nanotechnology, the thinnest form of materials to ever occur in nature. A little over 10 years ago, this was a completely unknown area, not thought to exist. However, since then, graphene has been isolated and acclaimed, and a whole other class of atomically thin materials, dominated by surface effects and showing completely unexpected and extraordinary properties has been created. This book is ideal for a variety of readers, including those seeking a high-level overview or a very detailed and critical analysis. No nanotechnologist can currently overlook this new class of materials. Presents one of the first detailed books on this subject of nanotechnology Contains contributions from a great line-up of authoritative contributors that bring together theory and experiments Ideal for a variety of readers, including those seeking a high-level overview or a very detailed and critical analysis

Graphene and Other 2D Layered Nanomaterial-Based Films

Graphene and Other 2D Layered Nanomaterial-Based Films
  • Author : Federico Cesano,Domenica Scarano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-12
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9783039219025
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Summary : This book is dedicated to highlighting some relevant advances in the field of thin films and coatings based on two-dimensional crystals and layered nanomaterials. Due to their layered structure, graphene and a variety of new 2D inorganic nanosystems, called “graphene analogues”, have all attracted tremendous interest due to their unprecedented properties/superior performance, and may find applications in many fields from electronics to biotechnology. These two-dimensional systems are ultrathin and, hence, tend to be flexible, also presenting distinctive and nearly intrinsic characteristics, including electronic, magnetic, optical, thermal conductivity, and superconducting properties. Furthermore, the combination of different structures and synergetic effects may open new and unprecedented perspectives, making these ideal advanced materials for multifunctional assembled systems. As far as the field of coatings is concerned, new layered nanostructures may offer unique and multifunctional properties, including gas barrier, lubricant, conductive, magnetic, photoactive, self-cleaning, and/or antimicrobial surfaces. This book contains new findings on the synthesis and perspectives of multifunctional films that are at the forefront of the science and coating technologies.

Magnetic Nano- and Microwires

Magnetic Nano- and Microwires
  • Author : Manuel Vázquez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-27
  • Total pages :870
  • ISBN : 9780081001813
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Summary : Magnetic nanowires and microwires are key tools in the development of enhanced devices for information technology (memory and data processing) and sensing. Offering the combined characteristics of high density, high speed, and non-volatility, they facilitate reliable control of the motion of magnetic domain walls; a key requirement for the development of novel classes of logic and storage devices. Part One introduces the design and synthesis of magnetic nanowires and microwires, reviewing the growth and processing of nanowires and nanowire heterostructures using such methods as sol-gel and electrodeposition combinations, focused-electron/ion-beam-induced deposition, chemical vapour transport, quenching and drawing and magnetic interactions. Magnetic and transport properties, alongside domain walls, in nano- and microwires are then explored in Part Two, before Part Three goes on to explore a wide range of applications for magnetic nano- and microwire devices, including memory, microwave and electrochemical applications, in addition to thermal spin polarization and configuration, magnetocalorific effects and Bloch point dynamics. Detailed coverage of multiple key techniques for the growth and processing of nanowires and microwires Reviews the principles and difficulties involved in applying magnetic nano- and microwires to a wide range of applications Combines the expertise of specialists from around the globe to give a broad overview of current and future trends

Computational Materials Discovery

Computational Materials Discovery
  • Author : Artem Oganov,Gabriele Saleh,Alexander Kvashnin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-30
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9781782629610
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Summary : New technologies are made possible by new materials, and until recently new materials could only be discovered experimentally. Recent advances in solving the crystal structure prediction problem means that the computational design of materials is now a reality. Computational Materials Discovery provides a comprehensive review of this field covering different computational methodologies as well as specific applications of materials design. The book starts by illustrating how and why first-principle calculations have gained importance in the process of materials discovery. The book is then split into three sections, the first exploring different approaches and ideas including crystal structure prediction from evolutionary approaches, data mining methods and applications of machine learning. Section two then looks at examples of designing specific functional materials with special technological relevance for example photovoltaic materials, superconducting materials, topological insulators and thermoelectric materials. The final section considers recent developments in creating low-dimensional materials. With contributions from pioneers and leaders in the field, this unique and timely book provides a convenient entry point for graduate students, researchers and industrial scientists on both the methodologies and applications of the computational design of materials.

Semiconductor Nanowires

Semiconductor Nanowires
  • Author : J Arbiol,Q Xiong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-31
  • Total pages :572
  • ISBN : 9781782422631
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Summary : Semiconductor nanowires promise to provide the building blocks for a new generation of nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices. Semiconductor Nanowires: Materials, Synthesis, Characterization and Applications covers advanced materials for nanowires, the growth and synthesis of semiconductor nanowires—including methods such as solution growth, MOVPE, MBE, and self-organization. Characterizing the properties of semiconductor nanowires is covered in chapters describing studies using TEM, SPM, and Raman scattering. Applications of semiconductor nanowires are discussed in chapters focusing on solar cells, battery electrodes, sensors, optoelectronics and biology. Explores a selection of advanced materials for semiconductor nanowires Outlines key techniques for the property assessment and characterization of semiconductor nanowires Covers a broad range of applications across a number of fields

Fabrication and Physical Properties of Novel Two-dimensional Crystal Materials Beyond Graphene: Germanene, Hafnene and PtSe2

Fabrication and Physical Properties of Novel Two-dimensional Crystal Materials Beyond Graphene: Germanene, Hafnene and PtSe2
  • Author : Linfei Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-03
  • Total pages :58
  • ISBN : 9789811519635
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Summary : This thesis reports on essential experimental work in the field of novel two-dimensional (2D) atomic crystals beyond graphene. It especially describes three new 2D crystal materials, namely germanene, hafnene, and monolayer PtSe2 fabricated experimentally for the first time, using an ultra-high vacuum molecular beam epitaxy (UHV-MBE) system. Multiple characterization techniques, including scanning tunneling microscope (STM), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM), and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), combined with theoretical studies reveal the materials’ atomic and electronic structures, which allows the author to further investigate their physical properties and potential applications. In addition, a new epitaxial growth method for transition metal dichalcogenides involving direct selenization of metal supports is developed. These studies represent a significant step forward in expanding the family of 2D crystal materials and exploring their application potentials in future nanotechnology and related areas.

Controlled Growth of Nanomaterials

Controlled Growth of Nanomaterials
  • Author : Lide Zhang,Xiaosheng Fang,Changhui Ye
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :467
  • ISBN : 9789812567284
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Summary : This book introduces the latest methods for the controlled growth of nanomaterial systems. The coverage includes simple and complex nanomaterial systems, ordered nanostructures and complex nanostructure arrays, and the essential conditions for the controlled growth of nanostructures with different morphologies, sizes, compositions, and microstructures. The book also discusses the dynamics of controlled growth and thermodynamic characteristics of two-dimensional nanorestricted systems. The authors introduce various novel synthesis methods for nanomaterials and nanostructures, such as hierarchical growth, heterostructures growth, doping growth and some developing template synthesis methods. In addition to discussing applications, the book reviews developing trends in nanomaterials and nanostructures.