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Synthetic Polymer-Polymer Composites

Synthetic Polymer-Polymer Composites
  • Author : Debes Bhattacharyya,Stoyko Fakirov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-02
  • Total pages :798
  • ISBN : 1569905258
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Summary : This book provides another approach for the replacement of glass- and other inorganic fibers as reinforcement for polymer composites. The materials utilized include synthetic, petroleum-based polymesr but prepared here they come in the form of fibers, micro- or nanofibrils. Although this approach does not have the advantages of natural fibers being biodegradable and thus environmentally harmless. At the same time, synthetic polymer-polymer composites seem to be much more acceptable from an environmental point of view than glass fiber reinforced composites because tof their organic in nature. In addition to their environmental advantages, as compared to the polymer composites with mineral reinforcement with high loading rates, they are distinguished by much better specific mechanical properties. This property allows to manufacture light-weight products and constructions, a fact of particular importance in transportation vehicles and aircrafts. An international team of researchers, working in this area, collected the state-of-the-art results and demonstrate the application of synthetic, but organic materials in the form of carbon fibers, carbon nanotubes,or fibers or micro- and nanofibrils as replacements for mineral reinforcements.

Wood-Polymer Composites

Wood-Polymer Composites
  • Author : K O Niska,M. Sain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-05-29
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 1845694570
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Summary : Wood-polymer composites (WPC) are materials in which wood is impregnated with monomers that are then polymerised in the wood to tailor the material for special applications. The resulting properties of these materials, from lightness and enhanced mechanical properties to greater sustainability, has meant a growing number of applications in such areas as building, construction and automotive engineering. This important book reviews the manufacture of wood-polymer composites, how their properties can be assessed and improved and their range of uses. After an introductory chapter, the book reviews key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials, manufacturing technologies and interactions between wood and synthetic polymers. Building on this foundation, the following group of chapters discusses mechanical and other properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance. The book concludes by looking at orientated wood-polymer composites, wood-polymer composite foams, at ways of assessing performance and at the range of current and future applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Wood-polymer composites is a valuable reference for all those using and studying these important materials. Provides a comprehensive survey of major new developments in wood-polymer composites Reviews the key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials and manufacturing technologies Discusses properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Asokan Pappu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-03
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 0081007884
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Summary : Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Properties and Characterisation presents the latest on these composite materials that can best be described as materials that are comprised of synthetic polymers and biological/inorganic/organic derived constituents. The combination of unique properties that emerge as a consequence of the particular arrangement and interactions between the different constituents provides immense opportunities for advanced material technologies. This series of four volumes brings an interdisciplinary effort to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications, and performance of these advanced materials, with this volume focusing on their properties and characterization. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Structure and Chemistry

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Structure and Chemistry
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Raju Kumar Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-03
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 0081007922
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Summary : Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Volume 1: Structure and Chemistry presents the latest on these composite materials that can best be described as materials that are comprised of synthetic polymers and biological/inorganic/organic derived constituents. The combination of unique properties that emerge as a consequence of the particular arrangement and interactions between the different constituents provides immense opportunities for advanced material technologies. This series of four volumes brings an interdisciplinary effort to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications, and performance of these advanced materials, with this volume focusing on their structure and chemistry. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications

Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites

Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites
  • Author : Dr. Inamuddin,Anish Khan,Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-07
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 303573271X
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Summary : This volume contains papers describing the results of some research in the area of application diffusion and transport phenomena in polymer composite materials and substances for the industrial and engineering goals. We hope that the presented papers will be interesting and useful for many engineers and researchers.

History of Polymeric Composites

History of Polymeric Composites
  • Author : Raymond Benedict Seymour,Rudolph D. Deanin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-12
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 9789067640824
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Summary : The commercial use of polymers in plastics, elastomers, coatings and adhesives almost always involves the use of additives to enhance their properties. Thousands of years natural polymers have been blended with naturally occurring fillers, fibers and many other substances. In this century, the development of synthetic polymers has led to the development of high performance polymer composites. This volume is the only text describing origin and use of additives and their function in polymeric composites. A panel of outstanding specialists in the field of additives have placed this in a historic perspective. Apart from this, up-to-date information on all fillers, reinforcing agents, stabilizers, plasticizers, flame retardants, accelerators, etc. can be found in the volume.

Natural Polymers

Natural Polymers
  • Author : Maya J. John,Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 1849734038
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Summary : This two volume set provides a valuable reference on natural polymer composites, including both natural and protein fibres, and natural polymer nanocomposites.

Polymer Composites, Macro- and Microcomposites

Polymer Composites, Macro- and Microcomposites
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Kuruvilla Joseph,S. K. Malhotra,Koichi Goda,M. S. Sreekala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-27
  • Total pages :814
  • ISBN : 3527645225
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Summary : The first systematic reference on the topic with an emphasis on the characteristics and dimension of the reinforcement. This first of three volumes, authored by leading researchers in the field from academia, government, industry, as well as private research institutions around the globe, focuses on macro and micro composites. Clearly divided into three sections, the first offers an introduction to polymer composites, discussing the state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities of various polymer composite systems, as well as preparation and manufacturing techniques. The second part looks at macro systems, with an emphasis on fiber reinforced polymer composites, textile composites, and polymer hybrid composites. Likewise, the final section deals with micro systems, including micro particle reinforced polymer composites, the synthesis, surface modification and characterization of micro particulate fillers and flakes as well as filled polymer micro composites, plus applications and the recovery, recycling and life cycle analysis of synthetic polymeric composites.

Water Transport in Synthetic Polymers

Water Transport in Synthetic Polymers
  • Author : Alekseĭ Leonidovich Iordanskiĭ,O. V. Start︠s︡ev,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781590338865
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Summary : For last five years polymers have revolutionised all spheres of human endeavour and, therefore, have been the focus of intense investigation by academic and industrial researchers. One of the most important problems in polymer applications is a comprehension of water transport phenomena attending to production, exploitation, and storage of polymer materials or articles. Conceptually this collection is partitioned into three, thematically bonded sections including academic aspects, experimental procedures, and practical application aspects including such intriguing subjects as exposure of polymer composites to earth orbit space environments. Advancement in the understanding of specific behaviour of water in polymers with different hydrophilicity and morphology has to open the way to design the novel constructional and biomedical materials as well as ecologically friendly packaging films and selective membranes. Contents: Preface; Impact of Structure and Morphology upon Water Transport in Polymers with Moderate Hydrophilicity. From Traditional to Novel Environmentally Friendly Polymers; Modeling of Anomalous Diffusion with Fitter Software; Mutual Diffusion of Poly(N-Vinyl Pyrrolidone

Polymers, Polymer Blends, Polymer Composites and Filled Polymers

Polymers, Polymer Blends, Polymer Composites and Filled Polymers
  • Author : Abdulakh K. Mikitaev,Mukhamed Kh Ligidov,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9781600211683
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Summary : Polymers are substances containing a large number of structural units joined by the same type of linkage. These substances often form into a chain-like structure. Starch, cellulose, and rubber all possess polymeric properties. Today, the polymer industry has grown to be larger than the aluminium, copper and steel industries combined. Polymers already have a range of applications that far exceeds that of any other class of material available to man. Current applications extend from adhesives, coatings, foams, and packaging materials to textile and industrial fibres, elastomers, and structural plastics. Polymers are also used for most composites, electronic devices, biomedical devices, optical devices, and precursors for many newly developed high-tech ceramics. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly-changing and evolving field.

Lignocellulosic Polymer Composites

Lignocellulosic Polymer Composites
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-30
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 1118773985
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Summary : The book presents emerging economic and environmentally friendly lignocellulosic polymer composites materials that are free from side effects studied in the traditional synthetic materials. This book brings together panels of highly-accomplished leading experts in the field of lignocellulosic polymers & composites from academia, government, as well as research institutions across the globe and encompasses basic studies including preparation, characterization, properties and theory of polymers along with applications addressing new emerging topics of novel issues. Provide basic information and clear understanding of the present state and the growing utility of lignocellulosic materials from different natural resources Includes contributions from world-renowned experts on lignocellulosic polymer composites and discusses the combination of different kinds of lignocellulosic materials from natural resources Discusses the fundamental properties and applications of lignocellulosic polymers in comparison to traditional synthetic materials Explores various processing/ mechanical/ physic-chemical aspects of lignocellulosic polymer composites

Green Composites

Green Composites
  • Author : Caroline Baillie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-08
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9780849325762
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Summary : With an internationally recognized team of contributors, Green Composites examines fibre reinforced polymer composite production and explains how environmental footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life cycle. The introductory chapters examine why green composites should be considered. The book then discusses properties of cellulose and wood. It examines recyclable synthetic fibre-thermoplastic composites as alternatives, then covers polymers derived from natural sources. The text details the factors that influence properties, and considers clean processing, applications, recycling, degradation, and reprocessing. The book is essential for government agricultural departments, automotive companies, and others devoted to eco-friendly materials and production.

Wood-polymers Composites

Wood-polymers Composites
  • Author : K. Oksman,M. Sain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-24
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781420076110
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Summary : Wood-polymer composites (WPC) are materials in which wood is impregnated with monomers that are then polymerized in the wood to tailor the material for special applications. The resulting properties of these materials, from lightness and enhanced mechanical properties to greater sustainability, has meant a growing number of applications in such areas as building, construction and automotive engineering. This important book reviews the manufacture of wood-polymer composites, how their properties can be assessed and improved and their range of uses. After an introductory chapter, the book reviews key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials, manufacturing technologies and interactions between wood and synthetic polymers. Building on this foundation, the following group of chapters discusses mechanical and other properties such as durability, creep behavior and processing performance. The book concludes by looking at orientated wood-polymer composites, wood-polymer composite foams, at ways of assessing performance and at the range of current and future applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Wood-polymer composites will be a valuable reference for all those using and studying these important materials.

Composite Systems from Natural and Synthetic Polymers

Composite Systems from Natural and Synthetic Polymers
  • Author : Lennart Salmén
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :313
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Synthetic Polymeric Membranes for Advanced Water Treatment, Gas Separation, and Energy Sustainability

Synthetic Polymeric Membranes for Advanced Water Treatment, Gas Separation, and Energy Sustainability
  • Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Wan Norharyati Wan Salleh,Norhaniza Yusof
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-14
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 0128184868
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Summary : Synthetic Polymeric Membranes for Advanced Water Treatment, Gas Separation, and Energy Sustainability is a cutting-edge guide that focuses on advanced water treatment applications, covering oily wastewater treatment, desalination, removal of dyes and pigments, photodegradation of organic hazardous materials, heavy metal removal, removal and recovery of nutrients, and volatile organic compounds. Other sections examine the area of gas separation, including acidic gas removal, oxygen enrichment, gas and vapor separation, hydrogen separation, and gas sensing. Final sections cover applications for sustainable energy usage, including the use of synthetic polymer membranes in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), and more. This is a highly valuable guide for researchers, scientists, and advanced students, working with polymer membranes and films, and across polymer science, polymer chemistry, materials science, chemical e Explains the design, preparation and characterization of synthetic polymer-based membranes for advanced applications Provides a clear picture of the state-of-the-art in the field, including novel fabrication approaches and the latest advances in physico-chemical characterizations Supports the development and implementation of innovative, sustainable solutions to water treatment, gas separation and energy devices

Polymer Composite Materials — Interface Phenomena & Processes

Polymer Composite Materials — Interface Phenomena & Processes
  • Author : Y. Ivanov,Valerii Cheshkov,Margarita Natova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-11-30
  • Total pages :184
  • ISBN : 9781402003868
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Summary : New technologies demand new materials. Polymer composites, with their wide range of possible fillers and polymers, open the way to an enormous range of materials with differing chemical, physical, and mechanical properties. The ultimate goal of polymer composite research is to formulate procedures that will lead to the design of composites with preset, i.e. specified, properties. Based on many years' experience in the field, the authors prepare the way towards just such a design procedure. The key element is the analysis and classification of the state of the filler-polymer interfaces from the point of view of their acid-base adsorption interactions. These interfacial phenomena play a pivotal role in determining overall properties of the composite: its rheological behaviour, its structural properties, catalytic effects in polymerization and polycondensation, and other technological characteristics. The book discusses and evaluates the extensive previous research scattered throughout the literature in Eastern Europe and the West, presents numerous experimental studies, and sets new benchmarks for the analysis of polymer composites. The book is required for researchers wanting to keep abreast of the progress in the burgeoning fields of polymer analysis and design.

Plastics Technology Handbook

Plastics Technology Handbook
  • Author : Manas Chanda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-07
  • Total pages :1012
  • ISBN : 1498786227
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Summary : Updated throughout to reflect advances over the last decade, the Fifth Edition continues the handbook’s tradition of authoritative coverage of fundamentals, production methods, properties, and applications of plastics and polymer-based materials. It covers tooling for plastics fabrication processes, thermoplastics, thermosetting plastics, foamed plastics, reinforced plastics, plastisols, and new developments in mold design. It also discusses rubber compounding and processing technologies. More recent developments in polymer fabrication and processing, including electrospinning, electrografted coating, polymer-metal hybrid joining, flex printing, and rapid prototyping/ 3D printing, are also presented. The handbook highlights advanced materials including natural and synthetic gfnanosize polymers, their unusual properties, and innovative applications, as well as polymer-carbon nanocomposites, graphene-based polymer nanocomposites, smart healable polymer composites, smart polymer coatings, electroactive polymers, polymer nanomaterials, and novel nano-/microfibrillar polymer composites. It offers updates on polymer solar battery development, plastics recycling and disposal methods, new concepts of "upcycling" and single-polymer composites, renewable synthetic polymers, biodegradable plastics and composites, and toxicity of plastics. The book also provides an overview of new developments in polymer applications in various fields including packaging, building and construction, corrosion prevention and control, automotive, aerospace applications, electrical and electronic applications, agriculture and horticulture, domestic appliances and business machines, medical and biomedical applications, marine and offshore applications, and sports.

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites
  • Author : Md Rezaur Rahman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-15
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 0128203420
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Summary : Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites reviews recent scientific findings on the production and use of sustainable polymers and composites as innovative new materials. The book discusses the importance of sustainable polymers in terms of current practices and how to address environmental and economic issues. Attention is focused on the physical, chemical and electrical properties of these composites. The book also looks at the lifecycle of both single and hybrid polymers and nanocomposites, with chapters covering the latest research findings on sustainable polymer composites with various filler loadings and their improvement on compatibility. From the viewpoint of polymer composites, this book covers not only well-known sustainable future trends in sustainable polymers and composites, but also advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers that achieve better physical and mechanical results. Features advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers Emphasizes the modeling and prediction of thermal, rheological and mechanical behavior Covers various types of fillers and different reinforcement agents Focuses on all aspects of fabrication, characterization and applications Addresses sustainability approaches and solutions

Lignin in Polymer Composites

Lignin in Polymer Composites
  • Author : Omar Faruk,Mohini Sain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-24
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 0323355668
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Summary : Lignin in Polymer Composites presents the latest information on lignin, a natural polymer derived from renewable resources that has great potential as a reinforcement material in composites because it is non-toxic, inexpensive, available in large amounts, and is starting to be deployed in various materials applications due to its advantages over more traditional oil-based materials. This book reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of lignin, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. Finally, the huge potential applications of lignin in industry are explored with respect to its low cost, recyclable properties, and fully biodegradable composites, and the way they apply to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. Reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites Presents the essential processing and properties information for engineers and materials scientists, enabling the use of lignin in composites Provides critical insight into the applications and future trends of lignin-based composites, including advantages, shortcomings, and economics Includes a thorough coverage of extraction, modification, processing, and applications of the material

Inorganic-Whisker-Reinforced Polymer Composites

Inorganic-Whisker-Reinforced Polymer Composites
  • Author : Qiuju Sun,Wu Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-18
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 1498700683
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Summary : Inorganic-Whisker-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Synthesis, Properties and Applications gives a comprehensive presentation of inorganic microcrystalline fibers, or whiskers, a polymer composite filler. It covers whisker synthesis, surface modification, applications for reinforcing polymer-matrix composites, and analysis of resulting filled polymer composites. It focuses on calcium carbonate whiskers as a primary case study, introducing surface treatment methods for calcium carbonate whiskers and factors that influence them. Along with calcium carbonate, the book discusses potassium titanate and aluminum borate whiskers, which also comprise the new generation of inorganic whiskers. According to research results, composites filled by inorganic whiskers show improved strength, wear-resistance, thermal conductivity, and antistatic properties. It explains the importance of modifying polymer materials for use with inorganic whiskers and describes preparation and evaluation methods of polymers filled with inorganic whiskers. The book also considers possible challenges and solutions in synthesis and applications of polymers filled with inorganic whiskers. It summarizes the latest practices and research progress in China and elsewhere. With much of its information being new outside of China, Inorganic-Whisker-Reinforced Polymer Composites calls attention to the excellent promise displayed by applications of inorganic whiskers. They have the potential for wide and durable application and also for further development. This book demonstrates their potential and presents current and future directions in polymer science and inorganic whiskers.

Functional Synthetic Polymers

Functional Synthetic Polymers
  • Author : Johannes Karl Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-20
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 1119593166
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Summary : The text focuses on the basic issues and also the literature of the past decade. The book provides a broad overview of functional synthetic polymers. Special issues in the text are: Surface functionalization supramolecular polymers, shape memory polymers, foldable polymers, functionalized biopolymers, supercapacitors, photovoltaic issues, lithography, cleaning methods, such as recovery of gold ions olefin/paraffin, separation by polymeric membranes, ultrafiltration membranes, and other related topics.