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Synthetic Polymer-Polymer Composites

Synthetic Polymer-Polymer Composites
  • Author : Debes Bhattacharyya,Stoyko Fakirov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-02
  • Total pages :798
  • ISBN : 9781569905258
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Summary : This book provides another approach for the replacement of glass- and other inorganic fibers as reinforcement for polymer composites. The materials utilized include synthetic, petroleum-based polymesr but prepared here they come in the form of fibers, micro- or nanofibrils. Although this approach does not have the advantages of natural fibers being biodegradable and thus environmentally harmless. At the same time, synthetic polymer-polymer composites seem to be much more acceptable from an environmental point of view than glass fiber reinforced composites because tof their organic in nature. In addition to their environmental advantages, as compared to the polymer composites with mineral reinforcement with high loading rates, they are distinguished by much better specific mechanical properties. This property allows to manufacture light-weight products and constructions, a fact of particular importance in transportation vehicles and aircrafts. An international team of researchers, working in this area, collected the state-of-the-art results and demonstrate the application of synthetic, but organic materials in the form of carbon fibers, carbon nanotubes,or fibers or micro- and nanofibrils as replacements for mineral reinforcements.

Wood-Polymer Composites

Wood-Polymer Composites
  • Author : K O Niska,M. Sain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-05-29
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781845694579
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Summary : Wood-polymer composites (WPC) are materials in which wood is impregnated with monomers that are then polymerised in the wood to tailor the material for special applications. The resulting properties of these materials, from lightness and enhanced mechanical properties to greater sustainability, has meant a growing number of applications in such areas as building, construction and automotive engineering. This important book reviews the manufacture of wood-polymer composites, how their properties can be assessed and improved and their range of uses. After an introductory chapter, the book reviews key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials, manufacturing technologies and interactions between wood and synthetic polymers. Building on this foundation, the following group of chapters discusses mechanical and other properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance. The book concludes by looking at orientated wood-polymer composites, wood-polymer composite foams, at ways of assessing performance and at the range of current and future applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Wood-polymer composites is a valuable reference for all those using and studying these important materials. Provides a comprehensive survey of major new developments in wood-polymer composites Reviews the key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials and manufacturing technologies Discusses properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Asokan Pappu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-03
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9780081007884
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Summary : Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Properties and Characterisation presents the latest on these composite materials that can best be described as materials that are comprised of synthetic polymers and biological/inorganic/organic derived constituents. The combination of unique properties that emerge as a consequence of the particular arrangement and interactions between the different constituents provides immense opportunities for advanced material technologies. This series of four volumes brings an interdisciplinary effort to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications, and performance of these advanced materials, with this volume focusing on their properties and characterization. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications

History of Polymeric Composites

History of Polymeric Composites
  • Author : Raymond Benedict Seymour,Rudolph D. Deanin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-12
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 9067640824
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Summary : The commercial use of polymers in plastics, elastomers, coatings and adhesives almost always involves the use of additives to enhance their properties. Thousands of years natural polymers have been blended with naturally occurring fillers, fibers and many other substances. In this century, the development of synthetic polymers has led to the development of high performance polymer composites. This volume is the only text describing origin and use of additives and their function in polymeric composites. A panel of outstanding specialists in the field of additives have placed this in a historic perspective. Apart from this, up-to-date information on all fillers, reinforcing agents, stabilizers, plasticizers, flame retardants, accelerators, etc. can be found in the volume.

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Structure and Chemistry

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Structure and Chemistry
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Raju Kumar Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-03
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9780081007921
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Summary : Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Volume 1: Structure and Chemistry presents the latest on these composite materials that can best be described as materials that are comprised of synthetic polymers and biological/inorganic/organic derived constituents. The combination of unique properties that emerge as a consequence of the particular arrangement and interactions between the different constituents provides immense opportunities for advanced material technologies. This series of four volumes brings an interdisciplinary effort to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications, and performance of these advanced materials, with this volume focusing on their structure and chemistry. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications

Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites

Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites
  • Author : Dr. Inamuddin,Anish Khan,Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-07
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9783035732719
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Summary : This volume contains papers describing the results of some research in the area of application diffusion and transport phenomena in polymer composite materials and substances for the industrial and engineering goals. We hope that the presented papers will be interesting and useful for many engineers and researchers.

Lignin in Polymer Composites

Lignin in Polymer Composites
  • Author : Omar Faruk,Mohini Sain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-24
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9780323355667
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Summary : Lignin in Polymer Composites presents the latest information on lignin, a natural polymer derived from renewable resources that has great potential as a reinforcement material in composites because it is non-toxic, inexpensive, available in large amounts, and is starting to be deployed in various materials applications due to its advantages over more traditional oil-based materials. This book reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites. In addition, the book covers critical assessments on the economics of lignin, including a cost-performance analysis that discusses its strengths and weaknesses as a reinforcement material. Finally, the huge potential applications of lignin in industry are explored with respect to its low cost, recyclable properties, and fully biodegradable composites, and the way they apply to the automotive, construction, and packaging industries. Reviews the state-of-the-art on the topic and their applications to composites, including thermoplastic, thermosets, rubber, foams, bioplastics, nanocomposites, and lignin-based carbon fiber composites Presents the essential processing and properties information for engineers and materials scientists, enabling the use of lignin in composites Provides critical insight into the applications and future trends of lignin-based composites, including advantages, shortcomings, and economics Includes a thorough coverage of extraction, modification, processing, and applications of the material

Lignocellulosic Polymer Composites

Lignocellulosic Polymer Composites
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-30
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 9781118773987
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Summary : The book presents emerging economic and environmentally friendly lignocellulosic polymer composites materials that are free from side effects studied in the traditional synthetic materials. This book brings together panels of highly-accomplished leading experts in the field of lignocellulosic polymers & composites from academia, government, as well as research institutions across the globe and encompasses basic studies including preparation, characterization, properties and theory of polymers along with applications addressing new emerging topics of novel issues. Provide basic information and clear understanding of the present state and the growing utility of lignocellulosic materials from different natural resources Includes contributions from world-renowned experts on lignocellulosic polymer composites and discusses the combination of different kinds of lignocellulosic materials from natural resources Discusses the fundamental properties and applications of lignocellulosic polymers in comparison to traditional synthetic materials Explores various processing/ mechanical/ physic-chemical aspects of lignocellulosic polymer composites

Natural Polymers

Natural Polymers
  • Author : Maya J. John,Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9781849734035
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Summary : This two volume set provides a valuable reference on natural polymer composites, including both natural and protein fibres, and natural polymer nanocomposites.

Biomedical Applications of Polymeric Materials and Composites

Biomedical Applications of Polymeric Materials and Composites
  • Author : Raju Francis,D. Sakthi Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-19
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9783527338368
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Summary : With its content taken from only the very latest results, this is an extensive summary of the various polymeric materials used for biomedical applications. Following an introduction listing various functional polymers, including conductive, biocompatible and conjugated polymers, the book goes on to discuss different synthetic polymers that can be used, for example, as hydrogels, biochemical sensors, functional surfaces, and natural degradable materials. Throughout, the focus is on applications, with worked examples for training purposes as well as case studies included. The whole is rounded off with a look at future trends.

Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites

Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites
  • Author : Alan Kin-tak Lau,Ada Pui Yan Hung
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-28
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780081006696
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Summary : Natural Fiber-Reinforced Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Polymer Composites focuses on key areas of fundamental research and applications of biocomposites. Several key elements that affect the usage of these composites in real-life applications are discussed. There will be a comprehensive review on the different kinds of biocomposites at the beginning of the book, then the different types of natural fibers, bio-polymers, and green nanoparticle biocomposites are discussed as well as their potential for future development and use in engineering biomedical and domestic products. Recently mankind has realized that unless the environment is protected, he himself will be threatened by the over consumption of natural resources as well as a substantial reduction in the amount of fresh air produced in the world. Conservation of forests and the optimal utilization of agricultural and other renewable resources like solar, wind, and tidal energy, have become important topics worldwide. With such concern, the use of renewable resources—such as plant and animal-based, fiber-reinforced polymeric composites—are now becoming an important design criterion for designing and manufacturing components for a broad range of different industrial products. Research on biodegradable polymeric composites can contribute, to some extent, to a much greener and safer environment. For example, in the biomedical and bioengineering fields, the use of natural fiber mixed with biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers can produce joint and bone fixtures to alleviate pain in patients. Includes comprehensive information about the sources, properties, and biodegradability of natural fibers Discusses failure mechanisms and modeling of natural fibers composites Analyzes the effectiveness of using natural materials for enhancing mechanical, thermal, and biodegradable properties

High-Performance Polymers for Engineering-Based Composites

High-Performance Polymers for Engineering-Based Composites
  • Author : Omari V. Mukbaniani,Marc J. M. Abadie,Tamara Tatrishvili
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-23
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9781498727372
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Summary : High-Performance Polymers for Engineering-Based Composites presents a selection of investigations and innovative research in polymer chemistry and advanced materials. The book includes case studies in the field of nanocomposites. The volume provides coverage of new research in polymer science and engineering with applications in chemical engineering, materials science, and chemistry. In addition to synthetic polymer chemistry, it also looks at the properties of polymers in various states (solution, melt, solid). The chapters provide a survey of the important categories of polymers including commodity thermoplastics and fibers, elastomers and thermosets, and engineering and specialty polymers. Basic polymer processing principles are explained as well as in-depth descriptions of the latest polymer applications in different industrial sectors. This new book reviews the field’s current state and emerging advances. With contributions from experts from both the industry and academia, this book presents the latest developments in polymer products and chemical processes.

Biodegradable Polyesters

Biodegradable Polyesters
  • Author : Stoyko Fakirov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-06
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9783527656974
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Summary : Collating otherwise hard-to-get and recently acquired knowledge in one work, this is a comprehensive reference on the synthesis, properties, characterization, and applications of this eco-friendly class of plastics. A group of internationally renowned researchers offer their first-hand experience and knowledge, dealing exclusively with those biodegradable polyesters that have become increasingly important over the past two decades due to environmental concerns on the one hand and newly-devised applications in the biomedical field on the other. The result is an unparalleled overview for the industrial chemist and materials scientist, as well as for developers and researchers in industry and academia alike.

Polymer Composites, Macro- and Microcomposites

Polymer Composites, Macro- and Microcomposites
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Kuruvilla Joseph,S. K. Malhotra,Koichi Goda,M. S. Sreekala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-27
  • Total pages :814
  • ISBN : 9783527645220
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Summary : The first systematic reference on the topic with an emphasis on the characteristics and dimension of the reinforcement. This first of three volumes, authored by leading researchers in the field from academia, government, industry, as well as private research institutions around the globe, focuses on macro and micro composites. Clearly divided into three sections, the first offers an introduction to polymer composites, discussing the state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities of various polymer composite systems, as well as preparation and manufacturing techniques. The second part looks at macro systems, with an emphasis on fiber reinforced polymer composites, textile composites, and polymer hybrid composites. Likewise, the final section deals with micro systems, including micro particle reinforced polymer composites, the synthesis, surface modification and characterization of micro particulate fillers and flakes as well as filled polymer micro composites, plus applications and the recovery, recycling and life cycle analysis of synthetic polymeric composites.

Polymers, Polymer Blends, Polymer Composites and Filled Polymers

Polymers, Polymer Blends, Polymer Composites and Filled Polymers
  • Author : Abdulakh K. Mikitaev,Mukhamed Kh Ligidov,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 1600211682
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Summary : Polymers are substances containing a large number of structural units joined by the same type of linkage. These substances often form into a chain-like structure. Starch, cellulose, and rubber all possess polymeric properties. Today, the polymer industry has grown to be larger than the aluminium, copper and steel industries combined. Polymers already have a range of applications that far exceeds that of any other class of material available to man. Current applications extend from adhesives, coatings, foams, and packaging materials to textile and industrial fibres, elastomers, and structural plastics. Polymers are also used for most composites, electronic devices, biomedical devices, optical devices, and precursors for many newly developed high-tech ceramics. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly-changing and evolving field.

Water Transport in Synthetic Polymers

Water Transport in Synthetic Polymers
  • Author : Alekseĭ Leonidovich Iordanskiĭ,O. V. Start︠s︡ev,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1590338863
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Summary : For last five years polymers have revolutionised all spheres of human endeavour and, therefore, have been the focus of intense investigation by academic and industrial researchers. One of the most important problems in polymer applications is a comprehension of water transport phenomena attending to production, exploitation, and storage of polymer materials or articles. Conceptually this collection is partitioned into three, thematically bonded sections including academic aspects, experimental procedures, and practical application aspects including such intriguing subjects as exposure of polymer composites to earth orbit space environments. Advancement in the understanding of specific behaviour of water in polymers with different hydrophilicity and morphology has to open the way to design the novel constructional and biomedical materials as well as ecologically friendly packaging films and selective membranes. Contents: Preface; Impact of Structure and Morphology upon Water Transport in Polymers with Moderate Hydrophilicity. From Traditional to Novel Environmentally Friendly Polymers; Modeling of Anomalous Diffusion with Fitter Software; Mutual Diffusion of Poly(N-Vinyl Pyrrolidone

Tribology of Polymer Composites

Tribology of Polymer Composites
  • Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Klaus Friedrich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-22
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780128231739
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Summary : Tribology of Polymer Composites: Characterization, Properties, and Applications provides an exhaustive overview of the latest research, trends, applications and future directions of the tribology of polymer composites. Covering novel methods for the synthesis of polymer composites and their properties, the book starts by reviewing the fabrication techniques, wear and frictional properties of polymer composite materials. From there, it features chapters looking at the tribological behavior and properties of specific polymer composite materials such as synthetic fiber-reinforced, cellulose fiber-reinforced, wood fiber, synthetic fiber, mineral fiber-reinforced, and thermosetting composites. Final chapters cover the tribology of polymer nanocomposites and particulate polymer composites and their metal coatings. Applied examples spanning a wide range of industries are emphasized in each chapter. Demonstrates the potential of polymer composites and their applications Covers novel methods for the synthesis of polymer composites and their properties Reviews the fabrication techniques, wear and frictional properties of polymer composite materials

Polymer Composite Materials — Interface Phenomena & Processes

Polymer Composite Materials — Interface Phenomena & Processes
  • Author : Y. Ivanov,Valerii Cheshkov,Margarita Natova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-11-30
  • Total pages :184
  • ISBN : 1402003862
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Summary : New technologies demand new materials. Polymer composites, with their wide range of possible fillers and polymers, open the way to an enormous range of materials with differing chemical, physical, and mechanical properties. The ultimate goal of polymer composite research is to formulate procedures that will lead to the design of composites with preset, i.e. specified, properties. Based on many years' experience in the field, the authors prepare the way towards just such a design procedure. The key element is the analysis and classification of the state of the filler-polymer interfaces from the point of view of their acid-base adsorption interactions. These interfacial phenomena play a pivotal role in determining overall properties of the composite: its rheological behaviour, its structural properties, catalytic effects in polymerization and polycondensation, and other technological characteristics. The book discusses and evaluates the extensive previous research scattered throughout the literature in Eastern Europe and the West, presents numerous experimental studies, and sets new benchmarks for the analysis of polymer composites. The book is required for researchers wanting to keep abreast of the progress in the burgeoning fields of polymer analysis and design.

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications
  • Author : S.M. Sapuan,R.A. Ilyas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-26
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9780128209233
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Summary : Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications provides a detailed review of advanced macro and nanocomposite materials and structures, and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically for automotive applications. This book covers materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes are reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials and new research pathways where composites can be derived from agricultural waste in the future, as well as the development and performance of hybrid composites. The book is an essential reference resource for those researching materials development and industrial design engineers who need a detailed understanding of materials usage in transport structures. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis of composite products in automotive applications is also discussed, and the effect of different fiber orientation on crash performance. Synthetic/natural fiber composites for aircraft engine fire-designated zones are linked to automotive applications. Additional chapters include the application and use of magnesium composites compared to biocomposites in the automotive industry; autonomous inspection and repair of aircraft composite structures via vortex robot technology and its application in automotive applications; composites in a three-wheeler (tuk tuk); and thermal properties of composites in automotive applications. Covers advanced macro and nanocomposites used in automotive structures Emphasizes materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques Features case studies of successful applications of biocomposites in automotive structures

Green Composites

Green Composites
  • Author : Caroline Baillie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-08
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 0849325765
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Summary : With an internationally recognized team of contributors, Green Composites examines fibre reinforced polymer composite production and explains how environmental footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life cycle. The introductory chapters examine why green composites should be considered. The book then discusses properties of cellulose and wood. It examines recyclable synthetic fibre-thermoplastic composites as alternatives, then covers polymers derived from natural sources. The text details the factors that influence properties, and considers clean processing, applications, recycling, degradation, and reprocessing. The book is essential for government agricultural departments, automotive companies, and others devoted to eco-friendly materials and production.

Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites

Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites
  • Author : Klaus Friedrich,Ulf Breuer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-21
  • Total pages :996
  • ISBN : 9780323265034
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Summary : Multi-Functionality of Polymer Composites: Challenges and New Solutions brings together contributions from experts in the field of multifunctionality, presenting state-of-the-art discussion of this exciting and rapidly developing field, thus key enabling technologies for future applications. The text will enable engineers and materials scientists to achieve multifunctionality in their own products using different types of polymer matrices and various nano- and micro-sized fillers and reinforcements, including, but not limited to, carbon nanotubes and graphene. In addition, technologies for the integration of active materials such as shape memory alloys are discussed. The latest developments in a wide range of applications, including automotive/aerospace, electronics, construction, medical engineering, and future trends are discussed, making this book an essential reference for any researcher or engineer hoping to stay ahead of the curve in this high-potential area. Provides information on composites and their inherent engineering advantages over traditional materials. Presents state-of-the-art information on this exciting and rapidly developing field, enabling engineers and materials scientists to achieve multi-functionality in their own products. Includes the latest developments in a wide range of applications, including automotive/aerospace, electronics, construction, and medical engineering. An essential reference for any researcher or engineer hoping to stay ahead of the curve in this high-potential area.