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Taking the Temperature of the Earth

Taking the Temperature of the Earth
  • Author : Glynn Hulley,Darren Ghent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780128144596
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Summary : Taking the Temperature of the Earth: Steps towards Integrated Understanding of Variability and Change presents an integrated, collaborative approach to observing and understanding various surface temperatures from a whole-Earth perspective. The book describes the progress in improving the quality of surface temperatures across different domains of the Earth’s surface (air, land, sea, lakes and ice), assessing variability and long-term trends, and providing applications of surface temperature data to detect and better understand Earth system behavior. As cooperation is essential between scientific communities, whose focus on particular domains of Earth’s surface and on different components of the observing system help to accelerate scientific understanding and multiply the benefits for society, this book bridges the gap between domains. Includes sections on data validation and uncertainty, data availability and applications Integrates remote sensing and in situ data sources Presents a whole earth perspective on surface temperature datasets, delving into all domains to build and understand relationships between the datasets

The Warming Papers

The Warming Papers
  • Author : David Archer,Raymond Pierrehumbert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-29
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9781118687338
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Summary : Chosen for the 2011 ASLI Choice - Honorable Mention (History Category) for a compendium of the key scientific papers that undergird the global warming forecast. Global warming is arguably the defining scientific issue of modern times, but it is not widely appreciated that the foundations of our understanding were laid almost two centuries ago with the postulation of a greenhouse effect by Fourier in 1827. The sensitivity of climate to changes in atmospheric CO2 was first estimated about one century ago, and the rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration was discovered half a century ago. The fundamentals of the science underlying the forecast for human-induced climate change were being published and debated long before the issue rose to public prominence in the last few decades. The Warming Papers is a compendium of the classic scientific papers that constitute the foundation of the global warming forecast. The paper trail ranges from Fourier and Arrhenius in the 19th Century to Manabe and Hansen in modern times. Archer and Pierrehumbert provide introductions and commentary which places the papers in their context and provide students with tools to develop and extend their understanding of the subject. The book captures the excitement and the uncertainty that always exist at the cutting edge of research, and is invaluable reading for students of climate science, scientists, historians of science, and others interested in climate change.

The Uninhabitable Earth

The Uninhabitable Earth
  • Author : David Wallace-Wells
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-17
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780525576716
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Summary : #1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER * "The Uninhabitable Earth hits you like a comet, with an overflow of insanely lyrical prose about our pending Armageddon."--Andrew Solomon, author of The Noonday Demon With a new afterword It is worse, much worse, than you think. If your anxiety about global warming is dominated by fears of sea-level rise, you are barely scratching the surface of what terrors are possible--food shortages, refugee emergencies, climate wars and economic devastation. An "epoch-defining book" (The Guardian) and "this generation's Silent Spring" (The Washington Post), The Uninhabitable Earth is both a travelogue of the near future and a meditation on how that future will look to those living through it--the ways that warming promises to transform global politics, the meaning of technology and nature in the modern world, the sustainability of capitalism and the trajectory of human progress. The Uninhabitable Earth is also an impassioned call to action. For just as the world was brought to the brink of catastrophe within the span of a lifetime, the responsibility to avoid it now belongs to a single generation--today's. Praise for The Uninhabitable Earth "The Uninhabitable Earth is the most terrifying book I have ever read. Its subject is climate change, and its method is scientific, but its mode is Old Testament. The book is a meticulously documented, white-knuckled tour through the cascading catastrophes that will soon engulf our warming planet."--Farhad Manjoo, The New York Times "Riveting. . . . Some readers will find Mr. Wallace-Wells's outline of possible futures alarmist. He is indeed alarmed. You should be, too."--The Economist "Potent and evocative. . . . Wallace-Wells has resolved to offer something other than the standard narrative of climate change. . . . He avoids the 'eerily banal language of climatology' in favor of lush, rolling prose."--Jennifer Szalai, The New York Times "The book has potential to be this generation's Silent Spring."--The Washington Post "The Uninhabitable Earth, which has become a best seller, taps into the underlying emotion of the day: fear. . . . I encourage people to read this book."--Alan Weisman, The New York Review of Books

Geological Survey Bulletin

Geological Survey Bulletin
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1949
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015018207145
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Summary :

Modeling Solar Radiation at the Earth's Surface

Modeling Solar Radiation at the Earth's Surface
  • Author : Viorel Badescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-02-01
  • Total pages :517
  • ISBN : 9783540774556
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Summary : Solar radiation data is important for a wide range of applications, e.g. in engineering, agriculture, health sector, and in many fields of the natural sciences. A few examples showing the diversity of applications may include: architecture and building design, e.g. air conditioning and cooling systems; solar heating system design and use; solar power generation; evaporation and irrigation; calculation of water requirements for crops; monitoring plant growth and disease control; skin cancer research.

Eassay on the system of the earth. Wanting title page

Eassay on the system of the earth. Wanting title page
  • Author : Earth
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1815
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OXFORD:590324652
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Summary :

Chemistry of the Environment

Chemistry of the Environment
  • Author : E. N. Ramsden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 0748724001
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Summary : Written for students undertaking Environmental Chemistry options.Concise, student-friendly and well illustrated with diagrams, tables and charts.Equally suitable for use as stand-alone texts or as ancillary texts to any core chemistry text.

Interior Structure of the Earth and Planets

Interior Structure of the Earth and Planets
  • Author : Vladimir Naumovich Zharkov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 3718600676
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Summary : This text provides a solid introduction to advanced geophysics. Part I focuses on the interior structure of the earth, featuring a large section on plate tectonics and discussing such problems as the source mechanisms of earthquakes, tides, the rheology of the crust and mantle and the evolution of the lunar orbit. Part II focuses on the interior structure of the moon, the giant planets and the structure of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter and Titan and the icy satellites of Saturn.

Teaching Primary Science

Teaching Primary Science
  • Author : Peter Loxley,Lyn Dawes,Linda Nicholls,Babs Dore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-17
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9781317863991
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Summary : Primary Science: Promoting positive attitudes to conceptual learningis a full colour, core textbook to support, inform and inspire anyone training to teach Science at primary level. This book is a new kind of text linking subject knowledge and pedagogy in one package, rather than treating them as separate entities. The text aims to encourage trainee teachers to teach scientific concepts in contexts which will inspire the children to look at the world in new and intriguing ways, rather than presenting it as a list of facts and definitions. Encouraging critical reflection and offering practical support, this book will help trainee teachers to overcome negative attitudes to Science. The two part structure of the book first presents insights into the nature of science and science education, exploring issues such as the value and purpose of teaching Science in the primary school and the value of scientific enquiry. It then moves on to cover subject knowledge, relating it to pedagogy.

Earth & Space Grade 1

Earth & Space Grade 1
  • Author : Bellaire, Tracy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :96
  • ISBN : 9781771585231
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Summary : The activities in this book have two intentions: to teach concepts related to earth and space science and to provide students the opportunity to apply necessary skills needed for mastery of science and technology curriculum objectives. Throughout the experiments, the scientific method is used. In each section you will find teacher notes designed to provide guidance with the learning intention, the success criteria, materials needed, a lesson outline, as well as provide insight on what results to expect when the experiments are conducted. Suggestions for differentiation are also included so that all students can be successful in the learning environment. Topics covered include: Daily and Seasonal Changes. 96 Pages

Photo-Thermal Spectroscopy with Plasmonic and Rare-Earth Doped (Nano)Materials

Photo-Thermal Spectroscopy with Plasmonic and Rare-Earth Doped (Nano)Materials
  • Author : Ali Rafiei Miandashti,Susil Baral,Eva Yazmin Santiago,Larousse Khosravi Khorashad,Alexander O. Govorov,Hugh H. Richardson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-30
  • Total pages :87
  • ISBN : 9789811335914
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Summary : This book highlights the theoretical foundations of and experimental techniques in photothermal heating and applications involving nanoscale heat generation using gold nanostructures embedded in various media. The experimental techniques presented involve a combination of nanothermometers doped with rare-earth atoms, plasmonic heaters and near-field microscopy. The theoretical foundations are based on the Maxwell’s and heat diffusion equations. In particular, the working principle and application of AlGaN:Er3+ film, Er2O3 nanoparticles and β-NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanocrystals for nanothermometry based on Er3+ emission are discussed. The relationship between superheated liquid and bubble formation for optically excited nanostructures and the effects of the surrounding medium and solution properties on light absorption and scattering are presented. The application of Er2O3 and β-NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanocrystals to study the temperature of optically heated gold nanoparticles is also presented. In closing, the book presents a new thermal imaging technique combining near-field microscopy and Er3+ photoluminescence spectroscopy to monitor the photothermal heating and steady-state sub-diffraction local temperature of optically excited gold nanostructures.

The Discovery of Global Warming

The Discovery of Global Warming
  • Author : Spencer R. Weart
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :228
  • ISBN : 0674016378
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Summary : A capricious beast ever since the days when he had trudged around fossil lake basins in Nevada for his doctoral thesis, Broecker had been interested in sudden climate shifts. Here is his most surprising and important calculation.

Geography AQA

Geography AQA
  • Author : John Hancock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-09
  • Total pages :213
  • ISBN : 1843156350
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Summary : Written by examiners and practising teachers, this work offers study and homework support throughout GCSE. It is useful as a reference source, a lesson back-up and as a revision guide.

Electrical Installation Calculations

Electrical Installation Calculations
  • Author : Mark Coates,B. D. Jenkins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-11
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 9781119955047
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Summary : Manual calculations are still extensively used and in particular are necessary for checking and verifying various software calculation design packages. It is highly recommended that users of such software familiarise themselves with the rudiments of these calculations prior to using the software packages. This essential book fills the gap between software and manual calculations. It provides the reader with all the necessary tools to enable accurate calculations of circuit designs. Rather than complex equations, this book uses extensive worked examples to make understanding the calculations simpler. The focus on worked examples furnishes the reader with the knowledge to carry out the necessary checks to electrical cable sizing software programmes. Other key features include: Updated information on 230 volt references and voltage drop under normal load conditions New sections on buried cables that take into account soil thermal conductivity, trenches and grouping, allowing readers to carry out accurate cables sizing Information and examples of steel wired armour cables, new to this edition. This includes sufficiency during short circuits and, for cables with externally run CPCs, gives unique fault conditions. Covers calculations of cross-sectional areas of circuit live conductors Earth fault loop impedances Protective conductor cross-sectional areas and short circuit conditions Short circuit protection. The last chapter combines all of the calculations of the previous chapters to enable the reader to complete an accurate design of an installation circuit under all conditions. A unique tool for detailed electrical installation trade, Electrical Installation Calculations, Fourth Edition is invaluable to electricians, electrical designers, installers, technicians, contractors, and plant engineers. Senior electrical engineering students and technical colleges, junior engineers, and contracts managers will also find this text useful.

Essays

Essays
  • Author : Richard Horton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-01
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9780595341894
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Summary : This volume is a collection of essays on different subjects written by the author. The initial section of three essays includes writings on global warming, the understanding of the scientific method and what pseudoscience is, and a discussion of hydrogen as a potential power source. The second section includes a discussion of the science underlying the problem of obesity and two previously published reviews of two important hormonal systems. The third essay of this section is a personal view of evolution and man's place in nature. The final section of the book deals with various thoughts on government. An essay on the changing interpretation of our Constitution since its creation in 1787, errors since the Second World War of our intelligence community, and a critique over our invasion of Iraq and its sequel. The final chapter is from a book in preparation on the Radicals Behind the American Revolution. This initial chapter describes the development and uniqueness of the American Colonies before the Revolution.It is hoped that the reader will find at least some of the writing interesting and educational.

The London Medical and Physical Journal

The London Medical and Physical Journal
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1821
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : HARVARD:HC4KIZ
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Summary :

Climate Controversy 2013

Climate Controversy 2013
  • Author : Abraham; MacCracken; Woodwell; Ellis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-01
  • Total pages :60
  • ISBN : 9781481718226
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Summary : "This marvelously accessible book highlights a full color presentation of climate science with solutions. On the most highly-charged environmental policy issue of the 21st Century, top climate scientists join forces with 2013 Common Ground Student Essayists to expand public awareness and activism in an effort to garner crucial support for U.S. and international environmental policymakers." All book sale proceeds benefit the ongoing efforts of the Natural Resources Defense Council and Books Motivate Foundation, Inc. to safeguard quality of life on planet earth for present-day and future generations.

Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry

Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Author : Daniel Jacob
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9780691001852
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Summary : Atmospheric chemistry is one of the fastest growing fields in the earth sciences. Until now, however, there has been no book designed to help students capture the essence of the subject in a brief course of study. Daniel Jacob, a leading researcher and teacher in the field, addresses that problem by presenting the first textbook on atmospheric chemistry for a one-semester course. Based on the approach he developed in his class at Harvard, Jacob introduces students in clear and concise chapters to the fundamentals as well as the latest ideas and findings in the field. Jacob's aim is to show students how to use basic principles of physics and chemistry to describe a complex system such as the atmosphere. He also seeks to give students an overview of the current state of research and the work that led to this point. Jacob begins with atmospheric structure, design of simple models, atmospheric transport, and the continuity equation, and continues with geochemical cycles, the greenhouse effect, aerosols, stratospheric ozone, the oxidizing power of the atmosphere, smog, and acid rain. Each chapter concludes with a problem set based on recent scientific literature. This is a novel approach to problem-set writing, and one that successfully introduces students to the prevailing issues. This is a major contribution to a growing area of study and will be welcomed enthusiastically by students and teachers alike.

Mathematical and Physical Papers

Mathematical and Physical Papers
  • Author : William Thomson, Baron,Joseph Larmor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-30
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9781108029025
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Summary : William Thomson, first Baron Kelvin (1824-1907), is best known for devising the Kelvin scale of absolute temperature and for his work on the first and second laws of thermodynamics, though throughout his 53-year career as a mathematical physicist and engineer at the University of Glasgow he investigated a wide range of scientific questions in areas ranging from geology to transatlantic telegraph cables. The extent of his work is revealed in the six volumes of his Mathematical and Physical Papers, published from 1882 until 1911, consisting of articles that appeared in scientific periodicals from 1841 onwards. Volume 5, published in 1911, includes articles from the period 1847-1908. Topics covered include thermodynamic and electrodynamic research, as well as some works on issues of geological physics such as the possible age of the sun's heat.

Precision Measurement and Calibration: Heat, D. C. Ginnings, ed

Precision Measurement and Calibration: Heat, D. C. Ginnings, ed
  • Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1970
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015001324469
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Summary :

Cosmic Rays in Magnetospheres of the Earth and other Planets

Cosmic Rays in Magnetospheres of the Earth and other Planets
  • Author : Lev Dorman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01-20
  • Total pages :770
  • ISBN : 9781402092398
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Summary : The problem of cosmic ray (CR) geomagnetic effects came to the fore at the beg- ning of the 1930s after the famous expeditions by J. Clay onboard ship (Slamat) between the Netherlands and Java using an ionization chamber. Many CR la- tude expeditions were organized by the famous scientists and Nobel Laureates R. Millikan and A. Compton. From the obtained latitude curves it follows that CRs cannot be gamma rays (as many scientists thought at that time), but must be charged particles. From measurements of azimuthally geomagnetic effect at that time it also followed that these charged particles must be mostly positive (see Chapter 1, and for more details on the history of the problem see monographs of Irina Dorman, M1981, M1989). The ?rst explanations of obtained results were based on the simple dipole - proximation of the geomagnetic ?eld and the theory of energetic charged particles moving in dipole magnetic ?elds, developed in 1907 by C. Stormer ̈ to explain the aurora phenomenon. Let us note that it was made about 5 years before V. Hess discovered CRs, and received the Nobel Prize in 1936 together with K. Anderson (for the discovery of CR and positrons in CR).