Download Temporary Anchorage Devices In Orthodontics Book PDF

Download full Temporary Anchorage Devices In Orthodontics books PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, Textbook, Mobi or read online Temporary Anchorage Devices In Orthodontics anytime and anywhere on any device. Get free access to the library by create an account, fast download and ads free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library.

Temporary Anchorage Devices in Clinical Orthodontics

Temporary Anchorage Devices in Clinical Orthodontics
  • Author : Jae Hyun Park
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-21
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9781119513476
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Provides the latest information on all aspects of using temporary anchorage devices in clinical orthodontics, from diagnosis and treatment planning to appliances and applications Written by some of the world’s leading experts in orthodontics, Temporary Anchorage Devices in Clinical Orthodontics is a comprehensive, up-to-date reference that covers all aspects of temporary anchorage device (TAD) use in contemporary orthodontics. Taking a real-world approach to the subject, it covers topics ranging from diagnosis and treatment planning to the many applications and management of complications. Case studies demonstrate the concepts, and high-quality clinical photographs support the text throughout. The book begins with an overview of clinical applications and fundamental principles of TADs. It then goes on to cover biomechanical considerations for controlling target tooth movement with TADs. Biomechanical simulations for various clinical scenarios treated with TADs are addressed next, followed by an examination of histological aspects during the healing process and anatomical considerations with TADs. Other chapters cover: Class II Correction with TADs, Distalization with TADs, TAD-anchored Maxillary Protraction, Maxillary Expansion with TADs, Anterior Open Bite Correction with TADs, TAD-assisted Aligner Therapy, TADs vs. Orthognathic Surgery; Legal Considerations When Using TADs; and much more. Provides evidence-based information on the use of TADs, with a focus on improving outcomes for patients Considers topics ranging from diagnosis and treatment planning to specific clinical applications and appliances Takes a real-world clinical approach, with case studies demonstrating concepts Written by international experts in the field Presents hundreds of high-quality clinical photographs to support the text Temporary Anchorage Devices in Clinical Orthodontics is an essential resource for orthodontists and orthodontic residents.

Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics

Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics
  • Author : Ravindra Nanda,Flavio Andres Uribe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 0323048072
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This reference offers quick access to everything you need to know to begin offering these popular treatment options to your patients, including diagnosis and treatment planning, biomechanical considerations, clinical applications of anchorage device systems, and skeletal anchorage. Full-color illustrations and detailed case reports guide you through the entire treatment process, helping you achieve superior patient outcomes. Over 1,650 full-color clinical photographs and accompanying line drawings clarify important concepts and show treatment progress from beginning to end. Expert contributors from all over the world lend their knowledge and experience to each topic to ensure that you have the most accurate, up-to-date, and clinically relevant information available.

Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics E-Book

Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics E-Book
  • Author : Ravindra Nanda,Flavio Andres Uribe,Sumit Yadav
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-25
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780323609326
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Achieve excellent patient outcomes with minimally invasive, cost-effective procedures! Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics, 2nd Edition covers everything you need to know to begin offering TADs in your practice. More than 1,500 full-color photos and illustrations guide you through the entire treatment process, from diagnosis and planning to biomechanics, implants and anchorage devices, and management of problems. Detailed case reports provide insight into the treatment of specific conditions. From a team of expert contributors led by Ravindra Nanda, this book shows the temporary anchorage techniques that will take your orthodontic skills to the next level. Over 1,500 full-color clinical photographs and line drawings depict important concepts and techniques, and show treatment progress from beginning to end. Case Report boxes walk you through the treatment of specific conditions, from initial patient visit to final outcome, with clinical photos showing the changes that occur at each stage of treatment. Unique coverage of temporary anchorage devices is provided by this complete, comprehensive, one-of-a-kind reference, as the use of TADs is becoming more and more popular within the field of orthodontics. Expert contributors from all over the world share their experience and current knowledge of each topic, ensuring that you have accurate, up-to-date, and clinically relevant information. Logical organization begins with a discussion of basic orthodontic principles and moves on to diagnosis and treatment planning, implants and anchorage devices, and management of problems. NEW Anchorage of TADs Using Aligner Orthodontics Treatment for Lower Molars Distalization chapter helps you incorporate TADs to clear aligner therapy. NEW Expert Consult website provides an online version of the book, allowing you to search the entire book electronically. NEW! Updated clinical photos illustrate the advances that have been made since publication of the first edition. NEW! Updated content reflects the latest research and advances in this evolving area.

Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics

Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics
  • Author : Ravindra Nanda,Flavio Andres Uribe,Sumit Yadav
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-02
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 0323609333
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Achieve excellent patient outcomes with minimally invasive, cost-effective procedures! Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics, 2nd Edition covers everything you need to know to begin offering TADs in your practice. More than 1,500 full-color photos and illustrations guide you through the entire treatment process, from diagnosis and planning to biomechanics, implants and anchorage devices, and management of problems. Detailed case reports provide insight into the treatment of specific conditions. From a team of expert contributors led by Ravindra Nanda, this book shows the temporary anchorage techniques that will take your orthodontic skills to the next level.

Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics

Temporary Anchorage Devices in Orthodontics
  • Author : Jason B. Cope
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :56
  • ISBN : OCLC:60537598
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

Temporary Skeletal Anchorage Devices

Temporary Skeletal Anchorage Devices
  • Author : Ki Beom Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-11
  • Total pages :233
  • ISBN : 9783642550522
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Anchorage control is one of the most challenging tasks in orthodontic treatment. Many different types of appliance are used to control anchorage, but an excellent outcome may be difficult to achieve owing to either poor mechanics or inadequate patient compliance. Recently, temporary skeletal anchorage devices (TSADs) have become popular in orthodontics. Some orthodontic movements that are now possible using TSADs were previously considered almost impossible with traditional orthodontic appliances. Several different types of TSAD are currently available, and in choosing between them orthodontists are obliged to rely on the information provided by manufacturers, which is often not based on scientific evidence. This book therefore presents the various design characteristics of TSADs and provides up-to-date scientific evidence to assist orthodontists in selecting the best TSADs for their patients.

Microimplants in Orthodontics

Microimplants in Orthodontics
  • Author : Jae-Hyun Sung
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 8995660503
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

Orthodontic Miniscrew Implants

Orthodontic Miniscrew Implants
  • Author : Cheol-Ho Paik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 9780723434023
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Orthodontic movements that are considered difficult to accomplish with traditional methods can be achieved with minimal patient cooperation by using miniscrew implants. This book brings together the knowledge and experience of leading experts from Korea and focuses on the clinical applications of the miniscrew implant providing an easy step-by-step guide to this emerging and effective means of treatment. Highly practical in approach, the book demonstrates how miniscrew implants can be used to simplify orthodontic treatment and address more complex cases that have traditionally presented considerable challenge to the practitioner. Designed as an easy-to-read guide to the use of miniscrew implant anchorage in everyday practice Profusely illustrated with high-quality colour photographs and line diagrams Practical, step-by-step approach to the subject with numerous case examples Prepared by leading authorities in the field Ideal for the orthodontist wishing to adopt the technique for the first time

Skeletal Anchorage in Orthodontic Treatment of Class II Malocclusion E-Book

Skeletal Anchorage in Orthodontic Treatment of Class II Malocclusion E-Book
  • Author : Moschos A. Papadopoulos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-29
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780702054297
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : The book offers a comprehensive and critical review which presents not only the principles and techniques involved in the use of skeletal anchorage techniques and devices (such as orthodontic implants, miniscrew implants and mini plates), but also the scientific evidence available regarding the use of these contemporary applications and their clinical efficacy. • Provides an introduction to the conventional and noncompliance treatment of Class II malocclusion • Provides an introduction to the use of skeletal anchorage reinforcement approaches in orthodontics • Outlines the clinical considerations required for the use of skeletal anchorage devices in orthodontics • Explains the insertion and removal procedures of orthodontic implants, miniscrew implants and mini plates • Discusses the use of orthodontic implants for the treatment of Class II malocclusion • Explains the use of mini plates and zygomatic anchorage for the treatment of Class II malocclusion • Discusses the use of mini-screw implants for the treatment of Class II malocclusion • Explains the use of skeletal anchorage reinforcement of the noncompliance devices used for the treatment of Class II malocclusion • Explores the efficiency of skeletal anchorage and its risk management

Current Therapy in Orthodontics

Current Therapy in Orthodontics
  • Author : Ravindra Nanda,Sunil D. Kapila
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 0323054609
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This titles addresses the evolving science of orthodontics as it relates to optimal patient therapy and care. Topics covered include diagnosis and treatment planning, the management of sagittal and vertical discrepancies, the management of adult and complex cases, and the application of biomedicine in orthodontic treatment.

The Orthodontic Mini-implant Clinical Handbook

The Orthodontic Mini-implant Clinical Handbook
  • Author : Richard Cousley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-08
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781119509721
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Offers the very latest on the theory and practice of integrating mini-implant techniques into clinical practice This all-new second edition of The Orthodontic Mini-implant Clinical Handbook provides a thoroughly revised and expanded update to the theoretical and practical aspects of using mini-implants in orthodontic practice. Taking a practical step-by-step approach with hundreds of clinical images, it presents updated clinical techniques and new clinical cases, covering all topics of importance for utilising mini-implants. It also includes a new chapter on mini-implant anchored maxillary expansion appliances. It begins with a chapter that looks at mini-implant principles and potential complications, before moving onto clinical and design factors for maximising mini-implant success. Other chapters cover incisor retraction; molar distalisation and protraction; intrusion and anterior openbite treatments; bone anchored rapid maxillary expansion; orthognathic surgical uses; and ectopic teeth. Provides a comprehensive guide to both theoretical and practical advice for the use of mini-implants in orthodontic practice Covers updated clinical techniques and new clinical cases Presents a new chapter on mini-implant anchored maxillary expansion appliances Takes a highly illustrated step-by-step approach ideal for clinical practice The Orthodontic Mini-Implant Clinical Handbook is an essential resource to orthodontists, maxillofacial surgeons, practicing dentists, and anyone with an interest in mini-implant skeletal anchorage.

OrthoTADs

OrthoTADs
  • Author : Jason B. Cope
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :537
  • ISBN : 0977630102
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

Current Concepts in Dental Implantology

Current Concepts in Dental Implantology
  • Author : Ilser Turkyilmaz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-25
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9789535117414
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Implant dentistry has changed and enhanced significantly since the introduction of osseointegration concept with dental implants. Because the benefits of therapy became apparent, implant treatment earned a widespread acceptance. Therefore, the need for dental implants has caused a rapid expansion of the market worldwide. Dental implantology continues to excel with the developments of new surgical and prosthodontic techniques, and armamentarium. The purpose of this book named Current Concepts in Dental Implantology is to present a novel resource for dentists who want to replace missing teeth with dental implants. It is a carefully organized book, which blends basic science, clinical experience, and current and future concepts. This book includes ten chapters and our aim is to provide a valuable source for dental students, post-graduate residents and clinicians who want to know more about dental implants.

Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement

Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement
  • Author : Ze'ev Davidovitch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-27
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9781118688878
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement is an authoritative reference to the scientific foundations underpinning clinical orthodontics. Led by an expert editor team and with contributions from an international group of contributors, the book covers key topics including bone biology, the effects of mechanical loading on tissues and cells, genetics, inflammation, tissue remodeling and the effects of diet, drugs, and systemic diseases. Highly-illustrated throughout, this second edition has been fully revised, updated and expanded to new developments in genomics, rapid orthodontics and current controversies in tooth movement research. Trainees, qualified specialists and researchers in orthodontics can rely on this comprehensive text to inform them about the clinical and scientific implications of the biological mechanisms involved in the movement of teeth. About the editors Vinod Krishnan, Professor and Head of Orthodontics, Sri Sankara Dental College, Trivandrum, Kerala, India Dr Krishnans research interests in orthodontics revolve around the biology of tooth movement, side effects of orthodontic mechanics, interactive and interdisciplinary orthodontics and the latest innovations in orthodontic materials. He maintains a specialty orthodontic practice alongside his academic post, and is, with Dr Davidovitch, the co-editor of Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement, 1st edition (Wiley, 2009) and Integrated Clinical Orthodontics (Wiley, 2012). Zeev Davidovitch, Emeritus Professor of Orthodontics, Harvard University; and Clinical Professor of Orthodontics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA Dr Davidovitch is an authority on all aspects of clinical orthodontics and the associated biological and medical connections but has particular expertise in the effects of low level electrical microcurrents and piezoelectric phenomena in bone during tooth movement. His publication list contains over 100 articles and book chapters and with Dr Krishnan he is the co-editor of Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement, 1st edition (Wiley, 2009) and Integrated Clinical Orthodontics (Wiley, 2012). Praise for the first edition "A classic reference book I enjoyed every single page of the book and consider it as a real treat. Highly recommended." (The European Journal of Orthodontics) "The two editors have produced a most authoritative text on the biological mechanisms involved in the movement of teeth." (American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics)

Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Orthodontics

Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Orthodontics
  • Author : Sunil D. Kapila
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-29
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9781118646595
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Since its introduction to dentistry, cone beam computedtomography (CBCT) has undergone a rapid evolution and considerableintegration into orthodontics. However, despite the increasingpopularity of CBCT and progress in applying it to clinicalorthodontics, the profession has lacked a cohesive, comprehensiveand objective reference that provides clinicians with thebackground needed to utilize this technology optimally for treatingtheir patients. Cone Beam Computed Tomography inOrthodontics provides timely, impartial, and state-of-the-artinformation on the indications and protocols for CBCT imaging inorthodontics, clinical insights gained from these images, andinnovations driven by these insights. As such, it is the mostcurrent and authoritative textbook on CBCT in orthodontics.Additionally, two DVDs include more than 15 hours of videopresentations on related subjects from the 39th Annual MoyersSymposium and 38th Annual International Conference on CraniofacialResearch. Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Orthodontics is organizedto progress sequentially through specific topics so as to build theknowledgebase logically in this important and rapidly evolvingfield. Part I provides the foundational information on CBCTtechnology, including radiation exposure and risks, and futureevolutions in computed tomography. Part II presents the Principlesand Protocols for CBCT Imaging in Orthodontics, focusing ondeveloping evidence-based criteria for CBCT imaging, themedico-legal implications of CBCT to the professional and theprotocols and integration of this technology in orthodonticpractice. Part III provides critical information on CBCT-basedDiagnosis and Treatment Planning that includes how to interpretCBCT scans, identify incidental pathologies and the possible otheruses of this technology. Part IV covers practical aspects ofCBCT’s Clinical Applications and Treatment Outcomes thatencompasses a range of topics, including root morphology andposition, treatment of impacted teeth, virtual surgical treatmentplanning and outcomes, and more.

Orthodontic Pearls

Orthodontic Pearls
  • Author : Eliakim Mizrahi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-01
  • Total pages :435
  • ISBN : 9781482241952
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Orthodontic Pearls: A Selection of Practical Tips and Clinical Expertise synthesizes a wealth of information gleaned from clinical and administrative experiences in orthodontic practice. The administration and running of an orthodontic practice is not often taught extensively or formally in most schools. This book fills that gap by providing tips,

Handbook of Orthodontics for the Student and General Practitioner

Handbook of Orthodontics for the Student and General Practitioner
  • Author : Robert E. Moyers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1973
  • Total pages :778
  • ISBN : UOM:39015063150315
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

Atlas of Complex Orthodontics - E-Book

Atlas of Complex Orthodontics - E-Book
  • Author : Ravindra Nanda,Flavio Andres Uribe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-25
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9780323357548
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Introducing the Atlas of Complex Orthodontics, a revolutionary new text with step-by-step instructions for treating today’s toughest orthodontic cases. Over 1,500 full-color clinical photographs, radiographs, and illustrations present each phase of treatment in this atlas-style guide, starting with the pre-treatment work-up, continuing through the treatment sequence, and ending with the final results. Drs. Ravindra Nanda and Flavio Uribe cover the latest techniques for managing moderate to severe orthodontic problems, including the use of temporary anchorage devices and the "surgery-first" orthognathic approach, to ensure you stay ahead of the curve in the ever-changing field of orthodontics. A standardized, atlas-style presentation for each case takes you through the pre-treatment intraoral, extraoral, and smile analysis; the diagnosis and case summary (including the problem list and treatment plan); a brief discussion of the treatment options; the treatment sequence and biomechanical plan; and the final results. UNIQUE! Over 1,500 high-quality photographs, radiographs, and line drawings illustrate the stages of treatment for a wide range of complex orthodontic problems to help improve understanding. Discusses moderate to severe orthodontic problems, including: vertical problems; anterior-posterior problems; transverse problem; missing maxillary lateral incisors; impacted teeth; and surgical correction of dentofacial deformity. Multidisciplinary approach to treatment helps you draw appropriately from multiple disciplines, redefine problems outside of normal boundaries, and reach solutions based on a new understanding of complex situations. Coverage includes the "surgery-first" orthognathic approach (SFOA), a timesaving procedure in the combined orthodontic-surgical approach to selected cases of prognathism. Highly regarded lead author, Dr. Ravindra Nanda, is Chair, Department of Orthodontics at University of Connecticut and widely known in the field of orthodontics. Addresses the use of temporary anchorage devices (TADs) in correcting different types of malocclusion.

Orthodontic Treatment of Class III Malocclusion

Orthodontic Treatment of Class III Malocclusion
  • Author : Peter W. Ngan,Toshio Deguchi, Eugene W. Roberts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-16
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 9781608054916
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : "Orthodontic Treatment of Class III Malocclusion is a clinical textbook which highlights both research findings as well as clinical treatment of patients with Class III malocclusions. The volume equips readers with a critical review of present information about 1) the craniofacial biology behind various treatment strategies, 2) Diagnosis and treatment planning in both growing and non-growing Class III patients and 3) Contemporary orthodontic appliances using implants and miniscrews. The book is divided into sections proving evidence-based research on the following aspects of Class III malocclusions: the genetic and epigenetic factors contemporary diagnosis and treatment planning for patients early treatment of Class III problems treatment of Class III problems in the adolescents surgical treatment of adult Class III patients treatment of Class III problems in patients with craniofacial anomalies Orthodontic Treatment of Class III Malocclusion will empower clinicians with a sound knowledge about rationale for using certain treatment modalities and will help both general practitioners and specialists such as pediatric dentists and orthodontists to use this information for their daily practice."

Mini-implants in Orthodontics

Mini-implants in Orthodontics
  • Author : Björn Ludwig,Sebastian Baumgaertel,S. Jay Bowman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :188
  • ISBN : 1850971749
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This textbook was designed to be a practical and theoretical vade mecum for the clinical use of orthodontic implants. Relevant information on mini-screw selection and insertion in various clinical situations is presented in a clear, readily-accessible format. By way of clinical examples, solutions to specific orthodontic problems are presented as standardized concepts that can easily be incorporated into everyday practice. Illustration of the required procedures, indications and contraindications, potential risks, clinical problem solving, and advice on establishing routine protocols in daily practice, complete this comprehensive volume. The editors have years of clinical experience. They have forged an international reputation that has enabled them to identify and recruit a panel of collaborators whose expertise complements their own. For those who want to do more than just end up wherever the appliance of the day happens to leave them, this book is a revelation.

Orthodontics - E-Book

Orthodontics - E-Book
  • Author : Lee W. Graber,Robert L. Vanarsdall,Katherine W. L. Vig,Greg J. Huang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-15
  • Total pages :928
  • ISBN : 9780323444323
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Comprehensive, cutting-edge content prepares you for today’s orthodontics! Orthodontics: Current Principles and Techniques, 6th Edition provides evidence-based coverage of orthodontic diagnosis, planning strategies, and treatment protocols, including esthetics, genetics, temporary anchorage devices, aligners, technology-assisted biomechanics, and much more. New to this edition is an Expert Consult website using videos and additional visuals to show concepts difficult to explain with words alone. Expert Consult also adds three online-only chapters, research updates, and a fully searchable version of the text. From respected editors Lee Graber, Robert Vanarsdall, Katherine Vig, and Greg Huang, along with a veritable Who’s Who of expert contributors, this classic reference has a concise, no-nonsense approach to treatment that makes it the go-to book for orthodontic residents and practitioners! Comprehensive coverage provides a one-stop resource for the field of orthodontics, including foundational theory and the latest on the materials and techniques used in today’s practice. Experienced, renowned editors lead a team of expert, international contributors, bringing the most authoritative clinical practice and supporting science from the best and brightest in the industry. More than 3,400 images include a mixture of radiographs, full-color clinical photos, and anatomic or schematic line drawings, showing examples of treatment, techniques, and outcomes. Extensive references make it easy to look up the latest in orthodontic research and evidence-based information, and all references also appear online. Detailed, illustrated case studies show the decision-making process, showing the consequences of various treatment techniques over time. NEW! Seven all-new chapters include Orthodontic Diagnosis and Treatment Planning with Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Imaging; Upper Airway, Cranial Morphology, and Sleep Apnea; Management of Impactions; Iatrogenic Effects of Orthodontic Appliances; Minimally and Non-Invasive Approaches to Accelerate Tooth Movement; Management of Dental Luxation and Avulsion Injuries in the Permanent Dentition; and Patient Management and Motivation for the Child and Adolescent Patient. NEW! Expert Consult website includes online-only chapters, instructional videos, many references linked to PubMed, and research updates including additional case studies. UPDATED CHAPTERS include Biomechanical Considerations with Temporary Anchorage Devices, Bonding in Orthodontics, Clear Aligner Treatment, Lingual Appliance Treatment, Psychological Aspects of Diagnosis and Treatment, Clinically Relevant Aspects of Dental Materials Science in Orthodontics, The Biologic Basis of Orthodontics, and more. New co-editor Greg J. Huang is joined by new contributors who are highly regarded experts within their respective subspecialties in orthodontics.