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Ternary Quantum Dots

Ternary Quantum Dots
  • Author : Oluwatobi Samuel Oluwafemi,El Hadji Mamour Sakho,Sundararajan Parani,Thabang Calvin Lebepe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-07-01
  • Total pages :375
  • ISBN : 9780128183045
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Summary : Ternary Quantum Dots: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications reviews the latest advances in ternary (I-III-VI) chalcopyrite quantum dots (QDs), along with their synthesis, properties and applications. Sections address the fundamental key concepts of ternary quantum dots, progress in synthesis strategies (i.e., organic and aqueous synthesis), and characterization methods (i.e., transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, etc.). Properties of ternary quantum dots are comprehensively reviewed, including optical, chemical and physical properties. The factors and mechanisms of the cytotoxicity of ternary quantum dot-based nanomaterials are also described. Since ternary chalcopyrite quantum dots are less toxic and more environmentally benign than conventional binary II-VI chalcogenide quantum dots, they are being investigated to replace conventional quantum dots in a range of applications. Thus, this book reviews QDs in various applications, such as solar cells, photocatalytic, sensors and bio-applications. Reviews fundamental concepts of ternary quantum dots and quantum dot-nanocomposites including the most relevant synthesis strategies, key properties, and characterization techniques Delves into the cytotoxicity of quantum dots looking at the factors and mechanisms that influence cytotoxicity including demonstration of cytotoxicity assays for in vitro and in vivo tests Touches on the many applications of ternary quantum dots including biomedical applications, applications in solar cells, sensing applications, and photocatalytic applications

Modified Ternary Karnaugh Map and Logic Synthesis in Ternary Quantum Dot Cellular Automata

Modified Ternary Karnaugh Map and Logic Synthesis in Ternary Quantum Dot Cellular Automata
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1052100971
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Summary : ABSTRACT: Modified Karnaugh map for ternary logic synthesis and logic circuit realization in ternary quantum dot cellular automata (tQCA) is presented in this research article. This modified mapping technique is used for the realization of ternary proposition logic and greater minimization in ternary logic synthesis in tQCA. The comparison is made with earlier proposed ternary mapping technique for logic minimization. The tQCA logic circuit design is also described. The tQCA layout of diverse logic gates like ternary majority voter (TMV), ternary inverter (T_INV), and ternary wire (T_WIRE) circuit is explored. In case study, 3:1 tQCA multiplexer design and tQCA layout is presented.

Spectroscopic Analyses

Spectroscopic Analyses
  • Author : Eram Sharmin,Fahmina Zafar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-06
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9789535136279
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Summary : The book presents developments and applications of these methods, such as NMR, mass, and others, including their applications in pharmaceutical and biomedical analyses. The book is divided into two sections. The first section covers spectroscopic methods, their applications, and their significance as characterization tools; the second section is dedicated to the applications of spectrophotometric methods in pharmaceutical and biomedical analyses. This book would be useful for students, scholars, and scientists engaged in synthesis, analyses, and applications of materials/polymers.

Colloidal Quantum Dot Optoelectronics and Photovoltaics

Colloidal Quantum Dot Optoelectronics and Photovoltaics
  • Author : Gerasimos Konstantatos,Edward H. Sargent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-07
  • Total pages :327
  • ISBN : 9780521198264
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Summary : Captures the most up-to-date research in the field, written in an accessible style by the world's leading experts.

Computational Advancement in Communication Circuits and Systems

Computational Advancement in Communication Circuits and Systems
  • Author : Koushik Maharatna,Maitreyi Ray Kanjilal,Sukumar Chandra Konar,Sumit Nandi,Kunal Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-25
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 9789811386879
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Summary : This book gathers the proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Advancement in Communication Circuits and Systems (ICCACCS 2018), which was organized by Narula Institute of Technology under the patronage of the JIS group, affiliated with West Bengal University of Technology. The book presents peer-reviewed papers that highlight new theoretical and experimental findings in the fields of electronics and communication engineering, including interdisciplinary areas like Advanced Computing, Pattern Recognition and Analysis, and Signal and Image Processing. The respective papers cover a broad range of principles, techniques and applications in microwave devices, communication and networking, signal and image processing, computations and mathematics, and control. The proceedings reflect the conference’s strong emphasis on methodological approaches, and focus on applications within the domain of Computational Advancement in Communication Circuits and Systems. They also address emerging technologies in electronics and communication, together with the latest practices, issues and trends.

NASA Tech Briefs

NASA Tech Briefs
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105131887098
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Summary :

TCAM/CAM-QCA: (Ternary) Content Addressable Memory Using Quantum-dot Cellular Automata

TCAM/CAM-QCA: (Ternary) Content Addressable Memory Using Quantum-dot Cellular Automata
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1052080861
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Summary : Abstract This paper describes a Content Addressable Memory (CAM) architecture and its ternary variant called Ternary Content Addressable Memory (TCAM) using the Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA). QCA is an alternative to the current integrated circuit (CMOS) paradigm based on the characteristics of confinement and mutual repulsion between electrons. It is expected to run with clocks in high frequency (in THz order), in nanometers scale and with very low energy consumption. First, this work presents the basic building blocks (1-bit memory cell, array of memory cells, ternary memory line and encoder). Then, we describe the complete TCAM and CAM architectures. Finally, the proposed architectures are tested and validated using QCADesigner simulator, attesting their functionalities. If QCA consolidates as a possible CMOS substitute, this study can impact the design of future components that uses TCAM and CAM such as routers and switches respectively.

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications
  • Author : Boualem Djezzar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-28
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9789535139539
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Summary : The benefits of ionizing radiations have been largely demonstrated through many achievements of human life. Understanding the fundamental elementary interactions of ionizing radiations with material has allowed the development of various applications needed by different industries. This book draws some facets of their applications, such as hardening process for semiconductor devices, biomedical imaging by radiation luminescent quantum dots, hydrogen gas detection by Raman lidar sensor for explosion risk assessment, water and wastewater purification by radiation treatment for environment, doping by the neutron transmutation doping for the semiconductor industry, and polymerization by irradiation, which is useful for industries requiring resistant and protective coating. I wish the chapters of this book can provide some helpful information on ionizing radiation applications.

JJAP

JJAP
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822036929602
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Summary :

Core/Shell Quantum Dots

Core/Shell Quantum Dots
  • Author : Xin Tong,Zhiming M. Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-01
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 9783030465964
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Summary : This book outlines various synthetic approaches, tuneable physical properties, and device applications of core/shell quantum dots (QDs). Core/shell QDs have exhibited enhanced quantum yield (QY), suppressed photobleaching/blinking, and significantly improved photochemical/physical stability as compared to conventional bare QDs. The core-shell structure also promotes the easy tuning of QDs’ band structure, leading to their employment as attractive building blocks in various optoelectronic devices. The main objective of this book is to create a platform for knowledge sharing and dissemination of the latest advances in novel areas of core/shell QDs and relevant devices, and to provide a comprehensive introduction and directions for further research in this growing area of nanomaterials research.

Nanocrystal Quantum Dots

Nanocrystal Quantum Dots
  • Author : Victor I. Klimov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :485
  • ISBN : 9781351834520
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Summary : A review of recent advancements in colloidal nanocrystals and quantum-confined nanostructures, Nanocrystal Quantum Dots is the second edition of Semiconductor and Metal Nanocrystals: Synthesis and Electronic and Optical Properties, originally published in 2003. This new title reflects the book’s altered focus on semiconductor nanocrystals. Gathering contributions from leading researchers, this book contains new chapters on carrier multiplication (generation of multiexcitons by single photons), doping of semiconductor nanocrystals, and applications of nanocrystals in biology. Other updates include: New insights regarding the underlying mechanisms supporting colloidal nanocrystal growth A revised general overview of multiexciton phenomena, including spectral and dynamical signatures of multiexcitons in transient absorption and photoluminescence Analysis of nanocrystal-specific features of multiexciton recombination A review of the status of new field of carrier multiplication Expanded coverage of theory, covering the regime of high-charge densities New results on quantum dots of lead chalcogenides, with a focus studies of carrier multiplication and the latest results regarding Schottky junction solar cells Presents useful examples to illustrate applications of nanocrystals in biological labeling, imaging, and diagnostics The book also includes a review of recent progress made in biological applications of colloidal nanocrystals, as well as a comparative analysis of the advantages and limitations of techniques for preparing biocompatible quantum dots. The authors summarize the latest developments in the synthesis and understanding of magnetically doped semiconductor nanocrystals, and they present a detailed discussion of issues related to the synthesis, magneto-optics, and photoluminescence of doped colloidal nanocrystals as well. A valuable addition to the pantheon of literature in the field of nanoscience, this book presents pioneering research from experts whose work has led to the numerous advances of the past several years.

Quantum Dot Optoelectronic Devices

Quantum Dot Optoelectronic Devices
  • Author : Peng Yu,Zhiming M. Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-16
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9783030358136
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Summary : This book captures cutting-edge research in semiconductor quantum dot devices, discussing preparation methods and properties, and providing a comprehensive overview of their optoelectronic applications. Quantum dots (QDs), with particle sizes in the nanometer range, have unique electronic and optical properties. They have the potential to open an avenue for next-generation optoelectronic methods and devices, such as lasers, biomarker assays, field effect transistors, LEDs, photodetectors, and solar concentrators. By bringing together leaders in the various application areas, this book is both a comprehensive introduction to different kinds of QDs with unique physical properties as well as their preparation routes, and a platform for knowledge sharing and dissemination of the latest advances in a novel area of nanotechnology.

Novel Three-state Quantum Dot Gate Field Effect Transistor

Novel Three-state Quantum Dot Gate Field Effect Transistor
  • Author : Supriya Karmakar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-20
  • Total pages :134
  • ISBN : 9788132216353
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Summary : The book presents the fabrication and circuit modeling of quantum dot gate field effect transistor (QDGFET) and quantum dot gate NMOS inverter (QDNMOS inverter). It also introduces the development of a circuit model of QDGFET based on Berkley Short Channel IGFET model (BSIM). Different ternary logic circuits based on QDGFET are also investigated in this book. Advanced circuit such as three-bit and six bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC) and digital-to-analog converter (DAC) were also simulated.

Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanocrystals

Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanocrystals
  • Author : S. V. Gaponenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-10-28
  • Total pages :245
  • ISBN : 0521582415
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Summary : Examines the optical properties of low-dimensional semiconductor structures, a hot research area - for graduate students and researchers.

Nonmagnetic and Magnetic Quantum Dots

Nonmagnetic and Magnetic Quantum Dots
  • Author : Vasilios N. Stavrou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-04
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9789535139591
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Summary : The book entitled Nonmagnetic and Magnetic Quantum Dots is divided into two sections. In Section 1, the chapters are related to nonmagnetic quantum dots and their applications. More specifically, exact models and numerical methods have been presented to describe the analytical solution of the carrier wave functions, the quantum mechanical aspects of quantum dots, and the comparison of the latter to experimental data. Furthermore, methods to produce quantum dots, synthesis techniques of colloidal quantum dots, and applications on sensors and biology, among others, are included in this section. In Section 2, a few topics of magnetic quantum dots and their applications are presented. The section starts with a theoretical model to describe the magnetization dynamics in magnetic quantum dot array and the description of dilute magnetic semiconducting quantum dots and their applications. Additionally, a few applications of magnetic quantum dots in sensors, biology, and medicine are included in Section 2.

Visible-Light Photocatalysis of Carbon-Based Materials

Visible-Light Photocatalysis of Carbon-Based Materials
  • Author : Yunjin Yao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-18
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 9781789230284
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Summary : Carbon-based photocatalysis has been considered as an economic, safe, renewable, and clean technology, for various applications. However, the pristine carbon material is usually restricted by unsatisfactory photocatalytic efficiency and practical applications due to the insufficient solar light absorption, the low-surface area, and the fast recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pairs. Various modification strategies, such as elemental and molecular doping, preparation of mesoporous carbon materials, and combination of conductive materials, are adopted to enhance the photocatalytic activity of carbon materials. In this book, we intend to describe the great potential of efficient and low-cost carbon-based materials in various realms, such as photodegradation of organic compounds, water splitting, and selective organic transformations.

Emerging Photovoltaic Technologies

Emerging Photovoltaic Technologies
  • Author : Carl S. Ponseca
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-31
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 9781000021769
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Summary : The need to address the energy problem and formulate a lasting solution to tame climate change has never been so urgent. The rise of various renewable energy sources, such as solar cell technologies, has given humanity a glimpse of hope that can delay the catastrophic effects of these problems after decades of neglect. This review volume provides in-depth discussion of the fundamental photophysical processes as well as the state-of-the-art device engineering of various emerging photovoltaic technologies, including organic (fullerene, non-fullerene, and ternary), dye-sensitized (ruthenium, iron, and quantum dot), and hybrid metal-halide perovskite solar cells. The book is essential reading for graduate and postgraduate students involved in the photophysics and materials science of solar cell technologies.

Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry

Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry
  • Author : Miguel de la Guardia,Francesc A. Esteve-Turrillas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-24
  • Total pages :1000
  • ISBN : 9781119422594
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Summary : A comprehensive guide to smart materials and how they are used in sample preparation, analytical processes, and applications This comprehensive, two-volume handbook provides detailed information on the present state of new materials tailored for selective sample preparation and the legal frame and environmental side effects of the use of smart materials for sample preparation in analytical chemistry, as well as their use in the analytical processes and applications. It covers both methodological and applied analytical aspects, relating to the development and application of new materials for solid-phase extraction (SPE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME), their use in the different steps and techniques of the analytical process, and their application in specific fields such as water, food, air, pharmaceuticals, clinical sciences and forensics. Every chapter in Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry is written by experts in the field to provide a comprehensive picture of the present state of this key area of analytical sciences and to summarize current applications and research literature in a critical way. Volume 1 covers New Materials for Sample Preparation and Analysis. Volume 2 handles Analytical Processes and Applications. Focuses on the development and applications of smart materials in analytical chemistry Covers both, methodological and applied analytical aspects, for the development of new materials and their use in the different steps and techniques of the analytical process and their application in specific fields Features applications in key areas including water, air, environment, pharma, food, forensic, and clinical Presents the available tools for the use of new materials suitable to aid recognition process to the sample preparation and analysis A key resource for analytical chemists, applied laboratories, and instrument companies Handbook of Smart Materials in Analytical Chemistry, 2V Set is an excellent reference book for specialists and advanced students in the areas of analytical chemistry, including both research and application environments.

Journal

Journal
  • Author : American Chemical Society
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : NYPL:33433068513294
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Summary :

The Future of Semiconductor Oxides in Next-Generation Solar Cells

The Future of Semiconductor Oxides in Next-Generation Solar Cells
  • Author : Monica Lira-Cantu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-19
  • Total pages :566
  • ISBN : 9780128109960
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Summary : The Future of Semiconductor Oxides in Next-Generation Solar Cells begins with several chapters covering the synthesis of semiconductor oxides for NGSCs. Part II goes on to cover the types and applications of NGSCs currently under development, while Part III brings the two together, covering specific processing techniques for NGSC construction. Finally, Part IV discusses the stability of SO solar cells compared to organic solar cells, and the possibilities offered by hybrid technologies. This comprehensive book is an essential reference for all those academics and professionals who require thorough knowledge of recent and future developments in the role of semiconductor oxides in next generation solar cells. Unlocks the potential of advanced semiconductor oxides to transform Next Generation Solar Cell (NGSC) design Full coverage of new developments and recent research make this essential reading for researchers and engineers alike Explains the synthesis and processing of semiconductor oxides with a view to their use in NGSCs

Smart Intelligent Computing and Applications

Smart Intelligent Computing and Applications
  • Author : Suresh Chandra Satapathy,Vikrant Bhateja,J. R. Mohanty,Siba K. Udgata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-26
  • Total pages :793
  • ISBN : 9789811392825
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Summary : This book gathers high-quality papers presented at the Third International Conference on Smart Computing and Informatics (SCI 2018–19), which was organized by the School of Computer Engineering and School of Computer Application, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar, India, on 21–22 December, 2018. It includes advanced and multi-disciplinary research on the design of smart computing and informatics. Thematically, the book broadly focuses on several innovation paradigms in system knowledge, intelligence and sustainability that can help to provide realistic solutions to various problems confronting society, the environment, and industry. The respective papers offer valuable insights into the how emerging computational and knowledge transfer approaches can be used to deliver optimal solutions in science, technology and healthcare.