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The Cognitive Basis of Institutions

The Cognitive Basis of Institutions
  • Author : Shinji Teraji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-16
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9780128120453
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Summary : The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics synthesizes modern research in behavioral economics with traditional institutional economics. This work emphasizes that institution and agent are inextricably linked, and that both cognitive and institutional processes coalesce to influence human decision-making. It integrates cognition and institution through the behavioral economics theoretical lens of bounded rationality. Methodologically, it develops game-theoretical, complexity and neuroeconomic solutions to unite study of the two areas. The work concludes by proposing general implications for the economic study of decisions using the cognitive-institutional approach, also providing specific recommendations for public policy. Reveals how institutional structures and individual actions interact and coevolve cognitively Connects individual decision-making, decision-making processes and institutional formation Unites our understanding of cooperative ‘prosocial’ behavior with the institutional dynamics that may create it Discusses the implications of the behavioral-institutional paradigm for paternalism and libertarianism in public policy

Cognition, Rationality, and Institutions

Cognition, Rationality, and Institutions
  • Author : Manfred E. Streit,Uwe Mummert,Daniel Kiwit
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9783642597831
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Summary : Institutions are rules that are supported by various enforcement mechanisms. Cognition refers to the process of how men perceive and process information, whereas rationality refers to how these processes are modelled. Within institutional economics there is a growing scepticism towards extending the conventional economic frame of analysis to institutions. In particular, the notion of perfect rationality is increasingly questioned. At the same time human cognition has become a major field of research in psychology. This book explores what institutional economics can learn from cognitive psychology regarding the proper modelling of rationality in order to explain institutional change.

Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development in Post-Socialist Economies

Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development in Post-Socialist Economies
  • Author : David Smallbone,Friederike Welter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-08-04
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781134327508
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Summary : This book examines entrepreneurship and small business in Russia and key countries of Eastern Europe, showing how far small businesses have developed, and discusses how far 'market reforms' and a market mentality have been taken up by ordinary people in the real everyday economy. For each of the countries examined - Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Poland and Estonia - the book reviews the progress of market reforms within the wider context of social and economic transformation, surveys the development of entrepreneurship and small firms so far, and assesses the role of government in the process, and the strengths and weaknesses of the small business sector.

The Evolution and Legitimacy of International Security Institutions

The Evolution and Legitimacy of International Security Institutions
  • Author : M. Patrick Cottrell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-26
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9781107121119
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Summary : This book tackles the question: when international security institutions face a legitimacy crisis, why are some replaced while others endure?

Marketing Strategies for Higher Education Institutions: Technological Considerations and Practices

Marketing Strategies for Higher Education Institutions: Technological Considerations and Practices
  • Author : Tripathi, Purnendu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-31
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9781466640153
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Summary : Although higher education institutes are not typically thought of as a business, colleges and universities utilize marketing strategies in order to compete for students. Information and communication technologies have enhanced and changed the nature and context of communication exchange, allowing for a broader range of competition. Marketing Strategies for Higher Education Institutions: Technological Considerations and Practices provides different aspects of marketing management and technological innovations in all parts of education, including K-12, non-formal, and distance education. Highlighting research studies, experiences, and cases on educational marketing, this book is essential for educational planners, administrators, researchers, and marketing practitioners involved in all aspects of educational development.

The Cognitive Basis of the Intellect

The Cognitive Basis of the Intellect
  • Author : Sonja C. Grover
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105039264838
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Summary :

Concept, Image, and Symbol

Concept, Image, and Symbol
  • Author : Ronald W. Langacker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :395
  • ISBN : 3110172801
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Summary : This classic research monograph develops and illustrates the theory of linguistic structure known as Cognitive Grammar, and applies it to representative phenomena in English and other languages. Cognitive grammar views language as an integral facet of cognition and claims that grammatical structure cannot be understood or revealingly described independently of semantic considerations. It argues that grammar forms a continuum with the lexicon and is reducible to symbolic relationships (i.e. form-meaning pairings), and consequently that all valid grammatical constructs have some kind of conceptual import. The coherence and descriptive potential of cognitive grammar are exemplified by application to a broad variety of grammatical phenomena drawn from numerous languages.

An Institutional Basis for Environmental Stewardship

An Institutional Basis for Environmental Stewardship
  • Author : D.A. Fuchs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-02-28
  • Total pages :177
  • ISBN : 1402010028
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Summary : This book explores an institutional framework for environmental governance. Starting from the assumption that governments can facilitate the sustainability of resource management by state and non-state actors through the structuring of decision contexts, the analyses combined in the book explore determinants of environmental stewardship with particular emphasis on the structure and quality of property rights. In pursuit of their objectives, the analyses build on previous research on determinants of environmental quality, critically examine findings and claims on the existence of an environmental Kuznets curve, and draw linkages to the literatures on government capacity and collective action. In addition, the book substantially extends the state of the knowledge on the environmental implications of property rights, integrating economic and political dimensions and establishing links between previously unconnected research areas in environmental politics, environmental economics, and resource management.

Law, Institution and Legal Politics

Law, Institution and Legal Politics
  • Author : Ota Weinberger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9789401134583
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Summary : It gives me great pleasure to offer this foreword to the present work of my admired friend and respected colleague Ota Weinberger. Apart from the essays of his which were published in our joint work An Institutional Theory of Law: New Approaches to Legal Positivism in 1986, relatively little of Wein berger's work is available in English. This is the more to be regretted, since his is work of particular interest to jurists of the English-speaking world both in view of its origins and in respect of its content As to its origins, Weinberger war reared as a student of the Pure Theory of Law, a theory which in its Kelsenian form has aroused very great interest and has had considerable influence among anglophoone scholars -perhaps even more than in the Germanic countries. Less well known is the fact that the Pure Theory itself divided into two schools, that of Vienna and that of Brno. It was in the Brno school of Frantisek Weyr that Weinberger's legal theory found its early formation, and perhaps from that early influence one can trace his continuing insistence on the dual character of legal norms -both as genuinely normative and yet at the same time having real social existence.

The Anthropology of Numbers

The Anthropology of Numbers
  • Author : Thomas Crump
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-10-15
  • Total pages :197
  • ISBN : 0521438071
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Summary : Until now the role of numbers in cultures has never been examined in detail from an anthropological perspective. This book is the first attempt to find out how people in a wide range of diverse cultures, as well as historical contexts, use and understand them.

The Moral Life of the Party

The Moral Life of the Party
  • Author : Chris Mathieu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105111369687
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Summary : Om Kristelig Folkeparti og Socialistisk Folkeparti og de tilsvarende svenske partiers holdning til EU fra 1990-1996. Med vægten lagt på udtalelser fra deres partiprogrammer og deres brug af moralske argumenter

Institutions and Sustainability

Institutions and Sustainability
  • Author : Volker Beckmann,Martina Padmanabhan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-07
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9781402096907
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Summary : From the first vague idea to use Konrad Hagedorn’s 60th birthday as an inspi- tion for taking stock of his vibrant academic contributions, this joint book project has been a great pleasure for us in many ways. Pursuing Hagedorn’s intellectual development, we have tried to reflect on the core questions of humanity according to Ernst Bloch “Who are we?”, “Where do we come from?” and “Where are we heading?” In this way, and without knowing it, Konrad Hagedorn initiated a c- lective action process he would have very much enjoyed ... if he had been allowed to take part in it. But it was our aim and constant motivation to surprise him with this collection of essays in his honour. Konrad Hagedorn was reared as the youngest child of a peasant family on a small farm in the remote moorland of East Frisia, Germany. During his childhood in the poverty-ridden years after the Second World War, he faced a life where humans were heavily dependent on using nature around them for their livelihoods; meanwhile, he learned about the fragility of the environment. As a boy, he - tended a one-room schoolhouse, where his great intellectual talents were first r- ognised and used for co-teaching his schoolmates. These early teaching expe- ences might have laid the foundations for his later becoming a dedicated lecturer and mentor.

The Economics of Knowledge Sharing

The Economics of Knowledge Sharing
  • Author : Ernst Helmstädter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :195
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105118022594
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Summary : This volume claims that useful economic knowledge is the most important foundation for the development of a sufficiently strong process of innovation. Within the framework of new institutional economics, the book looks at the institutional conditions required for the interactive sharing and dissemination of knowledge in the development of economies. It outlines in four distinct parts the complex societal process of human interaction by which knowledge is effectively generated and used. between types of interaction and types of actors. Secondly it examines the economic role of knowledge and cognition, asking how and why human actors gather knowledge. It goes on to revisit historical questions of knowledge and embeds them within the contemporary debate, before finally reflecting on the significant relationship between technology and knowledge sharing in the digital age.

Institutional Theory in Political Science

Institutional Theory in Political Science
  • Author : B. Guy Peters,Maurice Falk Professor of Government B Guy Peters, Professor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :183
  • ISBN : UOM:39015043824930
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Summary : In the past decade there has been a major growth of interest in institutional theory and institutional analysis in political science. This book identifies these approaches to institutions, and provides a frame of reference for the different theories.

Managing Institutional Complexity

Managing Institutional Complexity
  • Author : Sebastian Oberthur,Olav Schram Stokke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-19
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9780262297431
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Summary : Experts investigate how states and other actors can improve inter-institutional synergy and examine the complexity of overlapping environmental governance structures. Institutional interaction and complexity are crucial to environmental governance and are quickly becoming dominant themes in the international relations and environmental politics literatures. This book examines international institutional interplay and its consequences, focusing on two important issues: how states and other actors can manage institutional interaction to improve synergy and avoid disruption; and what forces drive the emergence and evolution of institutional complexes, sets of institutions that cogovern particular issue areas. The book, a product of the Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change research project (IDGEC), offers both theoretical and empirical perspectives. Chapters range from analytical overviews to case studies of institutional interaction, interplay management, and regime complexes in areas including climate change, fisheries management, and conservation of biodiversity. Contributors discuss such issues as the complicated management of fragmented multilateral institutions addressing climate change; the possible “chilling effect” on environmental standards from existing commitments; governance niches in Arctic resource protection; the relationships among treaties on conservation and use of plant genetic resources; causal factors in cross-case variation of regime prevalence; and the difficult relationship between the World Trade Organization and multilateral environmental agreements. The book offers a broad overview of research on interplay management and institutional complexes that provides important insights across the field of global environmental governance.

Journal of Economic Literature

Journal of Economic Literature
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822024985608
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Summary :

The Cognitive Bases of Interpersonal Communication

The Cognitive Bases of Interpersonal Communication
  • Author : Dean E. Hewes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-16
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9781135435264
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Summary : Our interpretations of the world we live in, and the people and institutions that comprise it, are acquired through complex interactions among what we believe to be true, what the world is, and/or what others think it is. Understanding those complex interactions is one of the most important goals of the social sciences. Of the many disciplines that have contributed to that understanding, two take center stage in this book -- psychology and communication. This volume's purpose is to reconnect the partially isolated environments of social psychology and communication. To do so, it utilizes four building blocks: * the cognitive foundations of interpersonal communication as it might be studied from a social psychological perspective * insiders' views of interpersonal communication from a cognitive psychological standpoint * insiders' approaches to interpersonal communication from an AI perspective * a critique of the cognitive enterprise that reflects the strong philosophical grounding of communication. Overall, the chapters typify some of the most interesting cognitive work done in the study of interpersonal communication. As such, the book should promote productive dialogue across disciplinary boundaries and stimulate further work within the field of interpersonal communication.

Economic Computation and Economic Cybernetics Studies and Research

Economic Computation and Economic Cybernetics Studies and Research
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105132161220
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Summary :

Paradise Lost

Paradise Lost
  • Author : Wesley David Sine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924091710099
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Summary :

Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law

Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law
  • Author : Markus D Dubber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-21
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9780191654626
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Summary : Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law presents essays in which scholars from various countries and legal systems engage critically with formative texts in criminal legal thought since Hobbes. It examines the emergence of a transnational canon of criminal law by documenting its intellectual and disciplinary history and provides a snapshot of contemporary work on criminal law within that historical and comparative context. Criminal law discourse has become, and will continue to become, more international and comparative, and in this sense global: the long-standing parochialism of criminal law scholarship and doctrine is giving way to a broad exploration of the foundations of modern criminal law. The present book advances this promising scholarly and doctrinal project by making available key texts, including several not previously available in English translation, from the common law and civil law traditions, accompanied by contributions from leading representatives of both systems.

Institutions and the Role of the State

Institutions and the Role of the State
  • Author : Leonardo Burlamaqui,Ana Célia Castro,Ha-Joon Chang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-01-01
  • Total pages :293
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105025216362
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Summary : The rise of the institutionalist and evolutionary approaches in economics has posed a challenge to the dominant neo-classical paradigm. This book draws together scholars in this area who apply cutting-edge research to the role of our state.