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The Design and Development of Novel Drugs and Vaccines

The Design and Development of Novel Drugs and Vaccines
  • Author : Tarun Kumar Bhatt,Surendra Nimesh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-21
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9780128214756
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Summary : The Design and Development of Novel Drugs and Vaccines: Principles and Protocols presents both in silico methods and experimental protocols for vaccine and drug design and development, critically reviewing the most current research and emphasizing approaches and technologies that accelerate and lower the cost of product development. Sections review the technologies and approaches used to identify, characterize and establish a protein as a new drug and vaccine target, cover several molecular methods for in vitro studies of the desired target, and present various physiological parameters for in vivo studies. The book includes preclinical trials and research, along with information on FDA approval. Covers both in silico methods and experimental protocols for vaccine and drug development in a single, accessible volume Offers a holistic accounting of how developments in bioinformatics and large experimental datasets can be used in the development of vaccines and drugs Shows researchers the entire gamut of current therapies, ranging from computational inputs to animal studies Reviews the most current, cutting-edge research available on vaccine and drug design and development

Development of Vaccines

Development of Vaccines
  • Author : Manmohan Singh,Indresh K. Srivastava
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-11
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 1118023633
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Summary : Development of Vaccines: From Discovery to Clinical Testing outlines the critical steps, and analytical tools and techniques, needed to take a vaccine from discovery through a successful clinical trial. Contributions from leading experts in the critical areas of vaccine expression, purification, formulation, pre-clinical testing and regulatory submissions make this book an authoritative collection of issues, challenges and solutions for progressing a biologic drug formulation from its early stage of discovery into its final clinical testing. A section with details and real-life experiences of toxicology testing and regulatory filing for vaccines is also included.

Nonclinical Development of Novel Biologics, Biosimilars, Vaccines and Specialty Biologics

Nonclinical Development of Novel Biologics, Biosimilars, Vaccines and Specialty Biologics
  • Author : Lisa Plitnick,Danuta Herzyk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-27
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9780123948236
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Summary : Nonclinical Development of Novel Biologics, Biosimilars, Vaccines and Specialty Biologics is a complete reference devoted to the nonclinical safety assessment of novel biopharmaceuticals, biosimilars, vaccines, cell and gene therapies and blood products. This book compares and contrasts these types of biologics with one another and with small molecule drugs, while incorporating the most current and essential international regulatory documents. Each section discusses a different type of biologic, as well as early characterization strategies, principles of study design, preclinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and preclinical assays. An edited book that is authored by leading experts in the field, this comprehensive reference provides critical insights to all researchers involved in early through late stage biologics. Provides in-depth coverage of the process of nonclinical safety assessment and comprehensive reviews of each type of biopharmaceutical Contains the most pertinent international regulatory guidance documents for nonclinical evaluation Covers early de-risking strategies and designs of safety assessment programs for novel biopharmaceuticals and vaccines, as well as follow-on biologics or "biosimilars" A multi-authored book with chapters written by qualified experts in their respective fields

Vaccine Development and Manufacturing

Vaccine Development and Manufacturing
  • Author : Emily P. Wen,Ronald Ellis,Narahari S. Pujar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-17
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780470261941
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Summary : Vaccine Manufacturing and Production is an invaluable reference on how to produce a vaccine - from beginning to end - addressing all classes of vaccines from a processing, production, and regulatory viewpoint. It will provide comprehensive information on the various fields involved in the production of vaccines, from fermentation, purification, formulation, to regulatory filing and facility designs. In recent years, there have been tremendous advances in all aspects of vaccine manufacturing. Improved technology and growth media have been developed for the production of cell culture with high cell density or fermentation. Vaccine Manufacturing and Production will serve as a reference on all aspects of vaccine production by providing an in-depth description of the available technologies for making different types of vaccines and the current thinking in facility designs and supply issues. This book will provide insight to the issues scientists face when producing a vaccine, the steps that are involved, and will serve as a reference tool regarding state-of-the-art vaccine manufacturing technologies and facility set-up. Highlights include: Comprehensive coverage of vaccine production : from a process point of view- fermentation to purification to formulation developments; from a production point of view - from facility design to manufacturing; and from a regulatory point of view - requirements from government agencies Authors from different major pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies Describes the challenges and issues involved in vaccine production and manufacturing of the different classes of vaccines, an area not covered by other books currently on the market

Human Vaccines

Human Vaccines
  • Author : Kayvon Modjarrad,Wayne C. Koff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-15
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9780128025420
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Summary : Human Vaccines: Emerging Technologies in Design and Development discusses the advances in molecular biology, biophysics, and informatics—among other disciplines—that have provided scientists with the tools to create new vaccines against emerging and re-emerging pathogens. For example, the virus-like particle technologies that led to licensing of highly efficacious HPV vaccines have only come into full realization in the last 10 years. Their success has, in turn, accelerated the pace with which nanoparticle vaccines are being developed Given the rapidity with which the field is changing and the absence of any text documenting this change, there is a need for a resource that surveys these new vaccine technologies, assesses their potential, and describes their applications. This book provides that resource and complements traditional vaccinology books, but also serves as an excellent standalone for researchers and students with basic knowledge in immunology. Introduces new topics in vaccine immunology in the context vaccine design and production Consolidates the growing body of knowledge on new vaccine technologies that have only emerged in the past 2 – 3 decades Reviews the currently licensed vaccines that have utilized leading-edge technologies and how this has translated into improved efficacy and safety Provides a broad overview of innovative vaccine technologies, including immunological aspects

Novel Approaches and Strategies for Biologics, Vaccines and Cancer Therapies

Novel Approaches and Strategies for Biologics, Vaccines and Cancer Therapies
  • Author : Manmohan Singh,Maya Salnikova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-30
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780124166615
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Summary : Novel Approaches and Strategies for Biologics, Vaccines and Cancer Therapies takes a look at the current strategies, successes and challenges involved with the development of novel formulations of biologics, vaccines and cancer therapy. This thorough reference on the latest trends in the development of diverse modalities will appeal to a broad community of scientists, students and clinicians. Written by leading authors across academia and industry, this book covers important topics such as unique drug delivery devices, non-parenteral delivery trends, novel approaches to the treatment of cancer, immunotherapy and more. It includes real-world cases and examples which highlight formulations with therapeutic proteins, monoclonal antibodies, peptides and biobetters, as well as cases on novel vaccines formulations including evolving pathogens, novel modalities of vaccines, universal vaccines. This book is a thorough and useful resource on the development of novel biologics, vaccines and cancer therapies. Provides strategies for the development of safe and efficacious novel formulations for various modalities of biologics, vaccines and for cancer therapy Highlights novel cases from current clinical trials as well as marketed products Reviews overall successes and challenges in the development of novel formulations, including new molecular targets for the treatment of diseases, design of target-specific therapies, regulatory considerations, individualized therapies

Post-Genomic Approaches in Drug and Vaccine Development

Post-Genomic Approaches in Drug and Vaccine Development
  • Author : Kishore R. Sakharkar,Meena K. Sakharkar ,Ramesh Chandra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-11
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9788793102842
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Summary : Over the past decade, genome sequencing projects and the associated efforts have facilitated the discovery of several novel disease targets and the approval of several innovative drugs. To further exploit this data for human health and disease, there is a need to understand the genome data itself in detail, discover novel targets, understand their role in physiological pathways and associated diseases, with the aim to translate these discoveries to clinical and preventive medicine. It is equally important to understand the labors and limitations in integrating clinical phenotypes with genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic approaches. This book focuses on some key advances in the field. Technical topics discussed in the book include: Drug discoveryTarget identification and prioritizationHypothesis driven multi-target drug designGenomics in vaccine developmentGene regulatory networks Vaccine design and developmentPrediction of drug side effects in silico

Parasites, Molecular Biology, Drug and Vaccine Design

Parasites, Molecular Biology, Drug and Vaccine Design
  • Author : Nina Agabian,Anthony Cerami
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : UOM:39015017994354
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Summary : This wide-ranging collection of edited papers examines the many mechanisms that allow parasites to survive and interact in a host environment. The research explains how a more knowledgeable understanding of host-parasite interactions aids in the development of unique strategies for vaccine design and applied research in clinical diagnostics and therapeutics. Divided into five parts, the text covers gene expression during parasite differentiation and development; the potential for molecular genetics in parasite systems; molecules of the parasite membrane; molecular modeling and parasite drug design; and vaccines.

Biomedical Index to PHS-supported Research

Biomedical Index to PHS-supported Research
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105119624620
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Summary :

Preventing Chemical Weapons

Preventing Chemical Weapons
  • Author : Michael Crowley,Malcolm Dando,Lijun Shang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-20
  • Total pages :652
  • ISBN : 9781788014724
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Summary : The life and chemical sciences are in the midst of a period of rapid and revolutionary transformation that will undoubtedly bring societal benefits but also have potentially malign applications, notably in the development of chemical weapons. Such concerns are exacerbated by the unstable international security environment and the changing nature of armed conflict, which could fuel a desire by certain States to retain and use existing chemical weapons, as well as increase State interest in creating new weapons; whilst a broader range of actors may seek to employ diverse toxic chemicals as improvised weapons. Stark indications of the multi-faceted dangers we face can be seen in the chemical weapons attacks against civilians and combatants in Iraq and Syria, and also in more targeted chemical assassination operations in Malaysia and the UK. Using a multi-disciplinary approach, and drawing upon an international group of experts, this book analyses current and likely near-future advances in relevant science and technology, assessing the risks of their misuse. The book examines the current capabilities, limitations and failures of the existing international arms control and disarmament architecture – notably the Chemical Weapons Convention – in preventing the development and use of chemical weapons. Through the employment of a novel Holistic Arms Control methodology, the authors also look beyond the bounds of such treaties, to explore the full range of international law, international agreements and regulatory mechanisms potentially applicable to weapons employing toxic chemical agents, in order to develop recommendations for more effective routes to combat their proliferation and misuse. A particular emphasis is given to the roles that chemical and life scientists, health professionals and wider informed activist civil society can play in protecting the prohibition against poison and chemical weapons; and in working with States to build effective and responsive measures to ensure that the rapid scientific and technological advances are safeguarded from hostile use and are instead employed for the benefit of us all.

Immunomic Discovery of Adjuvants and Candidate Subunit Vaccines

Immunomic Discovery of Adjuvants and Candidate Subunit Vaccines
  • Author : Darren R. Flower,Yvonne Perrie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-09
  • Total pages :314
  • ISBN : 9781461450702
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Summary : This volume will address an important emergent area within the field of immunomics: the discovery of antigens and adjuvants within the context of reverse vaccinology. Conventional approaches to vaccine design and development requires pathogens to be cultivated in the laboratory and the immunogenic molecules within them to be identifiable. Conventional vaccinology is no longer universally successful, particularly for recalcitrant pathogens. By using genomic information we can study vaccine development in silico: 'reverse vaccinology', can identify candidate subunits vaccines by identifying antigenic proteins and by using equally rational approaches to identify novel immune response-enhancing adjuvants.

Financing Vaccines in the 21st Century

Financing Vaccines in the 21st Century
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on the Evaluation of Vaccine Purchase Financing in the United States
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-10
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9780309089791
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Summary : The national immunization system has achieved high levels of immunization, particularly for children. However, this system faces difficult challenges for the future. Significant disparities remain in assuring access to recommended vaccines across geographic and demographic populations. These disparities result, in part, from fragmented publicâ€"private financing in which a large number of children and adults face limited access to immunization services. Access for adults lags well behind that of children, and rates of immunizations for those who are especially vulnerable because of chronic health conditions such as diabetes or heart and lung disease, remain low. Financing Vaccines in the 21st Century: Assuring Access and Availability addresses these challenges by proposing new strategies for assuring access to vaccines and sustaining the supply of current and future vaccines. The book recommends changes to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)-the entity that currently recommends vaccines-and calls for a series of public meetings, a post-implementation evaluation study, and development of a research agenda to facilitate implementation of the plan.

Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders

Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-06
  • Total pages :118
  • ISBN : 9780309292498
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Summary : Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders is the summary of a workshop convened by the IOM Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders to examine opportunities to accelerate early phases of drug development for nervous system drug discovery. Workshop participants discussed challenges in neuroscience research for enabling faster entry of potential treatments into first-in-human trials, explored how new and emerging tools and technologies may improve the efficiency of research, and considered mechanisms to facilitate a more effective and efficient development pipeline. There are several challenges to the current drug development pipeline for nervous system disorders. The fundamental etiology and pathophysiology of many nervous system disorders are unknown and the brain is inaccessible to study, making it difficult to develop accurate models. Patient heterogeneity is high, disease pathology can occur years to decades before becoming clinically apparent, and diagnostic and treatment biomarkers are lacking. In addition, the lack of validated targets, limitations related to the predictive validity of animal models - the extent to which the model predicts clinical efficacy - and regulatory barriers can also impede translation and drug development for nervous system disorders. Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders identifies avenues for moving directly from cellular models to human trials, minimizing the need for animal models to test efficacy, and discusses the potential benefits and risks of such an approach. This report is a timely discussion of opportunities to improve early drug development with a focus toward preclinical trials.

Micro- and Nanotechnology in Vaccine Development

Micro- and Nanotechnology in Vaccine Development
  • Author : Mariusz Skwarczynski,Istvan Toth
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-20
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9780323400299
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview of how use of micro- and nanotechnology (MNT) has allowed major new advance in vaccine development research, and the challenges that immunologists face in making further progress. MNT allows the creation of particles that exploit the inherent ability of the human immune system to recognize small particles such as viruses and toxins. In combination with minimal protective epitope design, this permits the creation of immunogenic particles that stimulate a response against the targeted pathogen. The finely tuned response of the human immune system to small particles makes it unsurprising that many of the lead adjuvants and vaccine delivery systems currently under investigation are based on nanoparticles. Provides a comprehensive and unparalleled overview of the role of micro- and nanotechnology in vaccine development Allows researchers to quickly familiarize themselves with the broad spectrum of vaccines and how micro- and nanotechnologies are applied to their development Includes a combination of overview chapters setting out general principles, and focused content dealing with specific vaccines, making it useful to readers from a variety of disciplines

Computer-Aided Drug Design

Computer-Aided Drug Design
  • Author : Dev Bukhsh Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-09
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9789811568152
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Summary : This book provides up-to-date information on bioinformatics tools for the discovery and development of new drug molecules. It discusses a range of computational applications, including three-dimensional modeling of protein structures, protein-ligand docking, and molecular dynamics simulation of protein-ligand complexes for identifying desirable drug candidates. It also explores computational approaches for identifying potential drug targets and for pharmacophore modeling. Moreover, it presents structure- and ligand-based drug design tools to optimize known drugs and guide the design of new molecules. The book also describes methods for identifying small-molecule binding pockets in proteins, and summarizes the databases used to explore the essential properties of drugs, drug-like small molecules and their targets. In addition, the book highlights various tools to predict the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) and toxicity (T) of potential drug candidates. Lastly, it reviews in silico tools that can facilitate vaccine design and discusses their limitations.

Parasitic Helminths

Parasitic Helminths
  • Author : Conor R. Caffrey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-24
  • Total pages :540
  • ISBN : 9783527652945
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Summary : This third volume in the successful 'Drug Discovery in Infectious Diseases' series is the first to deal with drug discovery in helminthic infections in human and animals. The result is a broad overview of different drug target evaluation methods, including specific examples of successful drug development against helminthes, and with a whole section devoted to vaccine development. With its well-balanced mix of high-profile contributors from academia and industry, this handbook and reference will appeal to a wide audience, including parasitologists, pharmaceutical industry, epidemiologists, and veterinary scientists.

Vaccine Design

Vaccine Design
  • Author : Rino Rappuoli,Fabio Bagnoli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 1904455743
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Summary : In this book, expert international authors critically review the current cutting-edge research in vaccine design and development. Particular emphasis is given to new approaches and technologies.

Koenig and Schultz's Disaster Medicine

Koenig and Schultz's Disaster Medicine
  • Author : Kristi L. Koenig,Carl H. Schultz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-18
  • Total pages :782
  • ISBN : 9781107040755
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Summary : This is the definitive reference on disaster medicine, outlining areas of proficiency for health care professionals handling mass casualty crises.

Novel Coronavirus 2019

Novel Coronavirus 2019
  • Author : Amit Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9789811579189
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Summary :

Biopharmaceutical Drug Design and Development

Biopharmaceutical Drug Design and Development
  • Author : Susanna Wu-Pong,Yon Rojanasakul
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-11
  • Total pages :375
  • ISBN : 1597455326
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive examination of the newest biopharmaceutical drugs. Among the drugs discussed are ones in the categories of monoclonal antibodies for in-vivo use, cytokines, growth factors, enzymes, immunomodulators, thrombolytics, and immonotherapies including vaccines. Additionally, the volume examines new and emerging technologies, and contains a review of the Human Genome Project.

Mucosal Delivery of Drugs and Biologics in Nanoparticles

Mucosal Delivery of Drugs and Biologics in Nanoparticles
  • Author : Pavan Muttil,Nitesh K. Kunda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-18
  • Total pages :277
  • ISBN : 9783030359102
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Summary : Nanotechnology has revolutionized the approach to designing and developing novel drug delivery systems. The last two decades have seen a great interest in the use of nanotechnology to offer efficient ways of delivering new and existing drugs and macromolecules. The focus of this book is the application of nanotechnology to deliver drugs and biological agents by the mucosal routes of administration i.e. nasal, pulmonary, buccal, and oral routes. It provides an overview of nanotechnology in drug delivery with a description of different types of nanoparticles, methods of preparation and characterization, and functionalization for site-specific drug delivery. The emphasis is on the use of nanoparticles in treating various cancers and infectious diseases. It broadens the use of nanoparticles by including biologics, including vaccines and immunotherapies, apart from drugs and acknowledges the concerns around the potential toxicity of nanoparticles to the host; several chapters will discuss the biodistribution of these nanoparticles when mucosal routes of administration are employed. Further, the interaction of nanoparticles with the host’s immune cells is discussed. Moreover, it reviews the regulatory aspects of nanotechnology in product development, especially when delivered by the mucosal route of administration. Lastly, discusses the challenges and opportunities to manufacture nanoparticles on an industrial scale. This book is the first of its kind to focus on the design, development and delivery of nanoparticles when administered by different mucosal routes.