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The Endocannabinoidome

The Endocannabinoidome
  • Author : Vincenzo Di Marzo,Jenny Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-18
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780128004296
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Summary : The Endocannabinoidome: The World of Endocannabinoids and Related Mediators is dedicated to the latest research and studies on endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors to illustrate their important role in the discovery of new, endocannabinoid-related, lipid mediators. Written by leading experts across different disciplines, this book focuses on the biochemical and anlayticial aspects of novel lipid signals, their pharmacological activities and their potential utilization for the development of new and effective therapeutic strategies. The first book of its kind, The Endocannabinoidome is a meaningful reference for all those involved in experimental efforts to further the development of this field. Explores the novel and exciting aspects of several endocannabinoid-like molecules for which researchers are still seeking a function Discusses the novel metabolic pathways for endocannabinoids in order to explain the failure of some clinical trials with inhibitors of more conventional metabolic pathways Incorporates pharmacology, biochemistry and potential clinical applications to provide researchers with a complete look at endocannabinoids

Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome
  • Author : Isabelle Lemieux,Jean-Pierre Després
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-28
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 9783039439898
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Summary : Metabolic syndrome has been the topic of countless publications. It still remains a subject of debate and some experts have even questioned its clinical relevance. Its diagnosis is nevertheless predictive of an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease even in the absence of traditional risk factors. Many years ago, our team made the point that the most prevalent form of metabolic syndrome was linked to abdominal obesity, which can be found even among individuals who are not considered obese by body weight standards. Imaging techniques such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging have revealed the link between regional body fat partitioning and cardiometabolic risk. Visceral obesity is the most dangerous form of obesity, with subcutaneous obesity being associated with lower health risk. We have proposed that excess visceral fat may be a marker of subcutaneous adipose tissue dysfunction not being able to serve as a metabolic sink, causing lipid accumulation at undesired sites, a condition described as ectopic fat deposition. Among the effective approaches to prevent, delay, or manage metabolic syndrome, lifestyle changes are the key elements, with an emphasis on the importance of healthy global dietary patterns, regular physical activity, and adequate sleep quality.

Cannabinoids in Neurologic and Mental Disease

Cannabinoids in Neurologic and Mental Disease
  • Author : Liana Fattore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-23
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780124171244
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Summary : The application of cannabis sativa for the treatment of neurologic and mental disease is expanding. Cannabinoids in Neurologic and Mental Disease collects and presents for the first time recent research involving the use of pharmacological cannabinoids for the treatment of neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disease. The neurologic application of cannabinoid therapy builds upon psychiatric and psychological use for the treatment of a variety of core mental disorders. This comprehensive reference on the known uses of cannabinoids will be useful for clinical neurologists, neuroscience and clinical neuroscience researchers, clinical psychologists and psychiatrists and the general medical community. A comprehensive reference on the clinical uses of cannabinoids for treating major neurologic and mental diseases Detailed coverage of cannabinoid use for neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative disease including Multiple Sclerosis, Epilepsy, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease Detailed coverage of cannabinoid use for major psychiatric and psychological diseases and disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, Tourette's syndrome, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Curious About Cannabis (2nd Edition): A Scientific Introduction to a Controversial Plant

Curious About Cannabis (2nd Edition): A Scientific Introduction to a Controversial Plant
  • Author : Jason Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 0998572853
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Summary : Revised and expanded for a second edition, Curious About Cannabis cuts through the hype and the hear-say to explore essential questions about the world's most controversial plant - Cannabis. With over 400 pages of information, hundreds of references to research articles, tons of recommended learning resources, hands-on activities, and more - Curious About Cannabis is sure to become a trusted resource for any Cannabis educator, patient, clinician or connoisseur.Published by Natural Learning Enterprises, LLC.

Pesticide Biotransformation and Disposition

Pesticide Biotransformation and Disposition
  • Author : Ernest Hodgson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-01
  • Total pages :234
  • ISBN : 9780123854827
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Summary : Biotransformation of Pesticides is an updated, "one-stop" resource for academic, industry and regulatory scientists involved in research and regulatory activities related to pesticide biotransformation and human health. This book provides an in depth look at how pesticides are biotransformed, which is essential to understanding exposure, dose, toxicity and health risks. This essential reference contains the biotransformation of pesticides from uptake to excretion, including toxicokinetics and emphasizes metabolism in non-target species, including experimental animals and humans. Includes four new chapters and expanded material on pesticide biotransformation and disposition, an active area of pesticide toxicology that is becoming increasingly important for human health risk assessment Offers a practical and portable guide covering the most up-to-date research results on metabolic transformations of pesticides Provides scientists and regulatory researchers with the information they need to conduct accurate risk assessments and make informed decisions on which exposures to study further in human populations

Phytocannabinoids

Phytocannabinoids
  • Author : A. Douglas Kinghorn,Heinz Falk,Simon Gibbons,Jun'ichi Kobayashi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-24
  • Total pages :131
  • ISBN : 9783319455419
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Summary : The book presents the current state of the art on phytocannnabinoid chemistry and pharmacology and will be of much use to those wishing to understand the current landscape of the exciting and intriguing phytocannabinoid science. The focus is on natural product cannabinoids which have been demonstrated to act at specific receptor targets in the CNS.

Cannabis

Cannabis
  • Author : Betty Wedman-St.Louis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-19
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9781351398039
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Summary : Cannabis is one of the oldest cultivated plants dating back 12,000 years and demonstrates medicinal properties including immune support, anti-inflammatory effects, and cancer-fighting potential. As cannabis receives regulatory approval in the United States, clinicians will need guidelines to prescribe medical marijuana for various health conditions. This book presents information to healthcare professionals focusing on medical cannabis. It is a science-based overview providing clinical recommendations and dosing guidelines for practitioners to advise patients appropriately. Features: • Discusses the endocannabinoid system role in homeostasis, pain control, and regulatory function in health and disease • Advises clinicians on cannabis use in patients with cancer; cardiovascular, brain, and liver function; mood disorders; and patients receiving palliative care • Includes information on cannabis nutrition as well as the cannabis microbiome • Features information on cannabis quality control for safe and effective delivery Cannabis: A Clinician’s Guide is written for clinicians providing a resource guide to help them assess the medicinal value of cannabis, answer patient and consumer questions, and recommend its use optimally. The book is divided into three sections covering cannabis science, use in clinical practice, and regulations and standards. It includes practical information on dosing guidelines and dispensary insights, personal cannabis stories, and an in depth look at the nutritional benefits of cannabis and how to use it in daily life. From the Author: "As a clinical nutritionist, I have been involved in the use of cannabis since 1981 while researching diabetes in India. Ayurvedic medicine listed cannabis as a beneficial herb with curing properties. In 1983, a Chinese medicine doctor in the Peoples Republic of China gave me a cannabis herbal supplement for sleep that he claimed Chairman Mao took regularly. Upon returning to the United States, no one would even talk to me about cannabis because of its Schedule I status. During an Antioxidants class taught for Everglades University, I included information on cannabis, but was restricted from including it in the course description. Cannabis: A Clinician’s Guide unveils deceit on this herbal medicine used for thousands of years providing insight into the science behind its use and how to incorporate cannabis into daily life, especially for those suffering from neurological disorders, cancer, and mood disorders."

Cannabis in Medicine

Cannabis in Medicine
  • Author : Kenneth Finn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-09
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 9783030459680
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Summary : Legalization of marijuana is becoming increasingly prominent in the United States and around the world. While there is some discussion of the relationship between marijuana and overall health, a comprehensive resource that outlines the medical literature for several organ systems, as well as non-medical societal effects, has yet to be seen. While all physicians strive to practice evidence-based medicine, many clinicians aren't aware of the facts surrounding cannabis and are guided by public opinion. This first of its kind book is a comprehensive compilation of multiple facets of cannabis recommendation, use and effects from a variety of different perspectives. Comprised of chapters dedicated to separate fields of medicine, this evidence-based guide outlines the current data, or lack thereof, as well as the need for further study. The book begins with a general overview of the neurobiology and pharmacology of THC and hemp. It then delves into various medical concerns that plague specific disciplines of medicine such as psychiatry, cardiology, gastrointestinal and neurology, among others. The end of the book focuses on non-medical concerns such as public health and safety, driving impairment and legal implications. Comprised of case studies and meta-analyses, Cannabis in Medicine: An Evidence-Based Approach provides clinicians with with a concise, evidence-based guide to various health concerns related to the use of marijuana. By addressing non-medical concerns, this book is also a useful resource for professionals working in the public health and legal fields.

Free Fatty Acid Receptors

Free Fatty Acid Receptors
  • Author : Graeme Milligan,Ikuo Kimura
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-08
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9783319506937
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Summary : This book highlights the important role free fatty acids (FFA) play as potential drug targets. While FFA have long been considered byproducts of cell metabolism, they are now recognized as ligands that regulate cell and tissue function via G-protein-coupled receptors. At least three receptors have been identified for which FFA appear to be the endogenous ligands.

Cannabinoids in Health and Disease

Cannabinoids in Health and Disease
  • Author : Rosaria Meccariello,Rosanna Chianese
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-15
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 9789535124290
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge of cannabinoid activity in human physiology and points out the importance of endocannabinoid system for the maintenance of human health and treatment of diseases. Each chapter has been organized with the aim to cover basic concepts in the modulation of endocannabinoid system in both physiological and pathological conditions, thanks to the integration of data from experimental animal models and clinical observations. A special focus has been put on the medical use of cannabinoids and on the targeting of endocannabinoid system as new therapeutic strategy for the prevention and treatment of human diseases. Taken together, this book targets a wide audience of basic and clinical scientists, teachers and students interested in gaining a better understanding in the field of cannabinoids.

Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies

Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-31
  • Total pages :1170
  • ISBN : 9780128008270
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Summary : Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies: Biology, Pharmacology, Diagnosis, and Treatment is the first book to take an interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of cannabis use and misuse. Recent worldwide trends toward decriminalizing marijuana for medical use have increased legal use of the drug and recreational use remains high, making cannabis one of the most commonly used drugs. Cannabis has a wide range of adverse neurological effects, and use and abuse can lead to physical, social, and psychopathological issues that are multifarious and complex. Effective understanding and treatment requires knowledge of the drug’s effects from across scientific disciplines. This book provides an overview of the biological and pharmacological components of the cannabis plant, outlines its neurological, social, and psychopathological effects, assists in the diagnosis and screening for use and dependency, and aids researchers in developing effective treatments for cannabis-related issues and disorders. Fully illustrated, with contributions from internationally recognized experts, it is the go-to resource for neuroscientists, pharmacologists, pathologists, public-health workers, and any other researcher who needs an in-depth and cross-disciplinary understanding of cannabis and its effects. Comprehensive chapters include an abstract, key facts, mini dictionary of terms, and summary points Presents illustrations with at least six figures, tables, and diagrams per chapter Provides a one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with cannabis and its related pathology, from chemicals and cells, individuals and communities, and diagnosis and treatment Offers an integrated and informed synopsis of the complex issues surrounding cannabis as a substance, its use, and its misuse

Stability and Stabilization of Biocatalysts

Stability and Stabilization of Biocatalysts
  • Author : F.J. Plou,J.L. Iborra,P.J. Halling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-11-10
  • Total pages :756
  • ISBN : 0080541658
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Summary : Six years after the symposium on Stability and Stabilization of Enzymes, a second symposium, Stability and Stabilization of Biocatalysts, on which this book is based, was organized. At the symposium, 210 participants representing all continents came together to learn from 150 oral and poster communications. The volume brings up-to-date the work already going on, and identifies possible breakthroughs in the research. This timely book therefore presents cutting edge developments in topics such as non-covalent processes in solution, protein engineering and thermophile enzymes, immobilized enzymes, non-conventional media, and whole cells. An excellent addition to the available literature, it will make a useful contribution to this key area of applied biocatalysis.

Muscle Regeneration

Muscle Regeneration
  • Author : Alexander Mauro,Richard Bischoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : UOM:39015015064226
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Summary :

Let Them Eat Dirt

Let Them Eat Dirt
  • Author : B. Brett Finlay,Marie-Claire Arrietta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-06
  • Total pages :999
  • ISBN : 9781771642552
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Summary : Our over-sanitized world threatens children’s health, but parents can change their environment into one where they’ll thrive. Babies and young kids are being raised in surroundings that are increasingly cleaner, more hyper hygienic, and more disinfected than ever before. As a result, the beneficial bacteria in their bodies is being altered, promoting conditions and diseases such as obesity, diabetes, asthma, allergies, and autism. As Let Them Eat Dirt shows, there is much that parents can do about this, including breastfeeding if possible, getting a dog, and avoiding antibiotics unless necessary—and yes, it is OK to let kids get a bit dirty.

Onco-Nephrology E-Book

Onco-Nephrology E-Book
  • Author : Kevin W. Finkel,Mark Anthony Perazella,Eric P Cohen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-02
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780323549615
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Summary : Kidney disease and cancer are frequent comorbidities that require specialized knowledge and expertise from both the nephrologist and the oncologist. Written by three pioneers in this growing subspecialty, Onco-Nephrology provides authoritative, definitive coverage of the mechanism and management of these two life-threatening diseases. This unique, single-volume resource covers current protocols and recommends management therapies to arrest kidney failure and allow oncologic treatments to continue and succeed. Addresses acute and chronic kidney diseases that develop from a variety of cancers. This includes direct kidney injury from the malignancy, paraneoplastic effects of the cancer, and various cancer agents used to treat the malignancy. Discusses key issues regarding kidney disease in patients with cancer, including conventional chemotherapeutic regimens and new novel therapies (targeted agents and immunotherapies) or the malignancies themselves that may promote kidney injury; patients with chronic kidney disease who acquire cancer unrelated to renal failure; and kidney transplantation, which has been shown to carry an increased risk of cancer. Contains dedicated chapters for each class of the conventional chemotherapeutic agents, targeted cancer agents, and cancer immunotherapies including the basic science, pathogenic mechanisms of injury, clinical manifestations, and treatment. Includes special chapters devoted to the individual classes of chemotherapies that relate to kidney disease for quick reference. Discusses increasingly complex problems due to more numerous and specialized anti-cancer drugs, as well as increased survival rates for both cancer and renal failure requiring long-term patient care. Covers anti-VEGF (antivascular endothelial growth factor) agents and cancer immunotherapies – treatments that are being recognized for adverse kidney effects. Utilizes a clear, logical format based on the ASN Core Curriculum for Onco-Nephrology, making this reference an excellent tool for board review, as well as a practical resource in daily practice.

Muscle Cell and Tissue

Muscle Cell and Tissue
  • Author : Kunihiro Sakuma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-02
  • Total pages :486
  • ISBN : 9789535121565
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Summary : In order to complete tissue regeneration, various cells such as neuronal, skeletal, smooth, endothelial, and immune (e.g., macrophage) interact smoothly with each other. This book, Muscle Cells and Tissues, offers a wide range of topics such as stem cells, cell culture, biomaterials, epigenetics, therapeutics, and the creation of tissues and organs. Novel applications for cell and tissue engineering including cell therapy, tissue models, and disease pathology modeling are discussed. The book also deals with the functional role of autophagy in modulating muscle homeostasis and molecular mechanism regulating skeletal muscle mass. The chapters can be interesting for graduate students, postdocs, teachers, physicians, and for executives in biotech and pharmaceutical companies, as well as researchers in the fields of molecular biology and regenerative medicine.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Brain and Neurological Health

Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Brain and Neurological Health
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Fabien De Meester
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-25
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780124105478
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Summary : Research has clearly established a link between omega-3 fatty acids and general health, particularly cardiovascular health. Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Brain and Neurological Health is the first book to focus exclusively on the role of omega-3 fatty acids on general brain health. The articles in this collection illustrate omega-3 fatty acids' importance in longevity, cognitive impairment, and structure and function of the brain's neurons. Research has established links between omega-3 fatty acids and the developing brain, aging, dementia, Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis. This book encompasses some of the most recent research, including the role of omega-3 fatty acid supplements on hippocampal neurogenesis, substantia nigra modulation, migraine headaches, the developing brain in animals, sleep, and neurodegenerative diseases. This collection helps to push research forward toward a complete understanding of omega-3 fatty acids' relationship to brain and neurological health. The first book-length collection of original research on the connection between omega-3 fatty acids and the brain Provides a comprehensive introduction to the state of research on omega-3 fatty acids and the brain and directions for future research A foundational collection for neuroscience, neurology, and nutrition research

TRP Channels as Therapeutic Targets

TRP Channels as Therapeutic Targets
  • Author : Arpad Szallasi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-09
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780124200791
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Summary : TRP Channels as Therapeutic Targets: From Basic Science to Clinical Use is authored by experts across academia and industry, providing readers with a complete picture of the therapeutic potential and challenges associated with using TRP channels as drug targets. This book offers a unique clinical approach by covering compounds that target TRP channels in pre-clinical and clinical phases, also offering a discussion of TRP channels as biomarkers. An entire section is devoted to the novel and innovative uses of these channels across a variety of diseases, offering strategies that can be used to overcome the adverse effects of first generation TRPV1 antagonists. Intended for all researchers and clinicians working toward the development of successful drugs targeting TRP channels, this book is an essential resource chocked full of the latest clinical data and findings. Contains comprehensive coverage of TRP channels as therapeutic targets, from emerging clinical indications to completed clinical trials Discusses TRP channels as validated targets, ranging from obesity and diabetes through cancer and respiratory disorders, kidney diseases, hypertension, neurodegenerative disorders, and more Provides critical analysis of the complications and side effects that have surfaced during clinical trials, offering evidence-based suggestions for overcoming them

Sweet Biochemistry

Sweet Biochemistry
  • Author : Asha Kumari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-24
  • Total pages :146
  • ISBN : 9780128144541
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Summary : Sweet Biochemistry: Remembering Structures, Cycles, and Pathways by Mnemonics makes biochemistry lively, interesting and memorable. by connecting objects, images and stories. Dr. Kumari has converted cycles and difficult pathways into very simple formula, very short stories and images which will help readers see familiar things in complicated cycles and better visualize biochemistry. Provides quick, indigenous formulas, mnemonics, figures and short stories to help users simply recollect the study of biochemistry Gives unique descriptions of the difficult areas in biochemistry and new ways of remembering a pathway or structure Presents original diagrams that resonate and are easy to recall

Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids
  • Author : Roger G. Pertwee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-14
  • Total pages :772
  • ISBN : 9783540265733
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Summary : Less than 20 years ago the ?eld of cannabis and the cannabinoids was still c- sidered a minor, somewhat quaint, area of research. A few groups were active in the ?eld, but it was already being viewed as stagnating. The chemistry of cannabis 9 9 was well known, ? -tetrahydrocannabinol (? -THC), identi?ed in 1964, being the only major psychoactive constituent and cannabidiol, which is not psychoactive, possibly contributing to some of the effects. These cannabinoids and several s- thetic analogs had been thoroughly investigated for their pharmacological effects. Their mode of action was considered to be non-speci?c. The reasons for this - sumption were both technical and conceptual. On the technical side, it had been shown that THC was active in both enantiomeric forms (though with a different level of potency) and this observation was incompatible with action on biological substrates—a receptor, an enzyme, an ion channel—which react with a single stereoisomer only. The conceptual problem related to THC activity. This had been pointed out by several highly regarded research groups that had shown that many of the effects seen with cannabinoids were related to those of biologically active lipophiles, and that many of the effects of THC, particularly chronic ones, were comparable to those seen with anaesthetics and solvents.

Endocannabinoids and Lipid Mediators in Brain Functions

Endocannabinoids and Lipid Mediators in Brain Functions
  • Author : Miriam Melis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-03
  • Total pages :369
  • ISBN : 9783319573717
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Summary : The science of cannabinoids is 50 years old. These past years provided a remarkable and constant number of breakthroughs, showing that the signaling mediated by endocannabinoids and lipid mediators impacts almost every function of the body. Indeed, this represents a special field of research, which allows tackling the complexity of biological functions, and provides potential therapeutic frameworks for a plethora of diseases. The number of exciting discoveries brought up to the scientific community almost on a daily basis highlights the importance of an updated volume on this topic. Particularly, given that potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis and cannabinoids are currently under heavy analysis in many Countries worldwide. Hence, the main objective of this book is to explore not only some of the many functions of endocannabinoids (and lipid mediators) in physiological control of networks at a cellular and molecular level, but also to extend this knowledge for potential use of cannabinoids and/or drugs regulating endocannabinoid levels in vivo as therapeutic target(s) in neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. In this book new findings and ideas about the endocannabinoid system and its roles as neuronal circuit modulator related to human brain pathologies characterized by alterations in neuroplasticity will be highlighted. Endocannabinoid roles in key systems controlling appetite, pain, learning and memory, as well as sleep and stress responses will be presented. In addition, pathological processes associated with changes in endocannabinoid signaling will be discussed in the context of anxiety, autism, depression and addiction. This book will provide an excellent background to researchers looking for extending their areas of interest, and to newcomers in the field.