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The Gut-Brain Axis

The Gut-Brain Axis
  • Author : Niall Hyland,Catherine Stanton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-13
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 9780128025444
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Summary : The Gut-Brain Axis: Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota examines the potential for microbial manipulation as a therapeutic avenue in central nervous system disorders in which an altered microbiota has been implicated, and explores the mechanisms, sometimes common, by which the microbiota may contribute to such disorders. Focuses on specific areas in which the microbiota has been implicated in gut-brain communication Examines common mechanisms and pathways by which the microbiota may influence brain and behavior Identifies novel therapeutic strategies targeted toward the microbiota in the management of brain activity and behavior

The Gut-Brain Axis

The Gut-Brain Axis
  • Author : Niall Hyland,Catherine Stanton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-01
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 012802304X
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Summary : The Gut-Brain Axis: Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota examines the potential for microbial manipulation as a therapeutic avenue in central nervous system disorders in which an altered microbiota has been implicated, and explores the mechanisms, sometimes common, by which the microbiota may contribute to such disorders. Focuses on specific areas in which the microbiota has been implicated in gut-brain communication Examines common mechanisms and pathways by which the microbiota may influence brain and behavior Identifies novel therapeutic strategies targeted toward the microbiota in the management of brain activity and behavior

Gut Microbiota

Gut Microbiota
  • Author : Alper Evrensel,Barış Önen Ünsalver
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-12
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : 9781789848144
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Summary : The gut-brain axis has gained considerable attention from different branches of the scientific community in recent years. In this book, scientists from different disciplines present current scientific knowledge on the topic. The interaction between the prokaryote and eukaryote cells stimulates the evolutionary processes, and results in various systemic illnesses such as neuropsychiatric disorders and may help the continuity of health. Nature has provided us with healthy food that builds our pharmacy. This natural pharmacy store may help the body's healing processes through its effects on gut microbiota and the immune system. This book aims to provide the reader with detailed analyses of the current scientific knowledge on the gut-brain axis and its relation with health and disease. We hope that the reader benefits from the presented material.

Microbial Endocrinology: The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis in Health and Disease

Microbial Endocrinology: The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis in Health and Disease
  • Author : Mark Lyte,John F. Cryan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-05
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9781493908974
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Summary : The field of microbial endocrinology is expressly devoted to understanding the mechanisms by which the microbiota (bacteria within the microbiome) interact with the host (“us”). This interaction is a two-way street and the driving force that governs these interactions are the neuroendocrine products of both the host and the microbiota. Chapters include neuroendocrine hormone-induced changes in gene expression and microbial endocrinology and probiotics. This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the mechanisms that determine health and disease.​

The Second Brain

The Second Brain
  • Author : Michael Gershon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-21
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780062933171
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Summary : Dr. Michael Gershon has devoted his career to understanding the human bowel (the stomach, esophagus, small intestine, and colon). His thirty years of research have led to an extraordinary rediscovery: nerve cells in the gut that act as a brain. This "second brain" can control our gut all by itself. Our two brains—the one in our head and the one in our bowel—must cooperate. If they do not, then there is chaos in the gut and misery in the head—everything from "butterflies" to cramps, from diarrhea to constipation. Dr. Gershon's work has led to radical new understandings about a wide range of gastrointestinal problems including gastroenteritis, nervous stomach, and irritable bowel syndrome The Second Brain represents a quantum leap in medical knowledge and is already benefiting patients whose symptoms were previously dismissed as neurotic or "it's all in your head."

Gerontology

Gerontology
  • Author : Grazia D’Onofrio,Daniele Sancarlo,Antonio Greco
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-04
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9781789232523
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Summary : Aging well and actively is the real objective of human being. This book is an up-to-date and realistic view on physiopathological mechanisms of aging and age-related diseases. The book includes topical contributions from multiple disciplines to support the fundamental goals of extending active life and enhancing its quality.

Microbial Endocrinology

Microbial Endocrinology
  • Author : Mark Lyte,Primrose P.E. Freestone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-06
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9781441955760
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Summary : Microbial endocrinology represents a newly emerging interdisciplinary field that is formed by the intersection of the fields of neurobiology and microbiology. This book will introduce a new perspective to the current understanding not only of the factors that mediate the ability of microbes to cause disease, but also to the mechanisms that maintain normal homeostasis. The discovery that microbes can directly respond to neuroendocrine hormones, as evidenced by increased growth and production of virulence-associated factors, provides for a new framework with which to investigate how microorganisms interface not only with vertebrates, but also with invertebrates and even plants. The reader will learn that the neuroendocrine hormones that one most commonly associates with mammals are actually found throughout the plant, insect and microbial communities to an extent that will undoubtedly surprise many, and most importantly, how interactions between microbes and neuroendocrine hormones can influence the pathophysiology of infectious disease.

Python for Probability, Statistics, and Machine Learning

Python for Probability, Statistics, and Machine Learning
  • Author : José Unpingco
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-29
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9783030185459
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Summary : This book, fully updated for Python version 3.6+, covers the key ideas that link probability, statistics, and machine learning illustrated using Python modules in these areas. All the figures and numerical results are reproducible using the Python codes provided. The author develops key intuitions in machine learning by working meaningful examples using multiple analytical methods and Python codes, thereby connecting theoretical concepts to concrete implementations. Detailed proofs for certain important results are also provided. Modern Python modules like Pandas, Sympy, Scikit-learn, Tensorflow, and Keras are applied to simulate and visualize important machine learning concepts like the bias/variance trade-off, cross-validation, and regularization. Many abstract mathematical ideas, such as convergence in probability theory, are developed and illustrated with numerical examples. This updated edition now includes the Fisher Exact Test and the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon Test. A new section on survival analysis has been included as well as substantial development of Generalized Linear Models. The new deep learning section for image processing includes an in-depth discussion of gradient descent methods that underpin all deep learning algorithms. As with the prior edition, there are new and updated *Programming Tips* that the illustrate effective Python modules and methods for scientific programming and machine learning. There are 445 run-able code blocks with corresponding outputs that have been tested for accuracy. Over 158 graphical visualizations (almost all generated using Python) illustrate the concepts that are developed both in code and in mathematics. We also discuss and use key Python modules such as Numpy, Scikit-learn, Sympy, Scipy, Lifelines, CvxPy, Theano, Matplotlib, Pandas, Tensorflow, Statsmodels, and Keras. This book is suitable for anyone with an undergraduate-level exposure to probability, statistics, or machine learning and with rudimentary knowledge of Python programming.

The Complex Interplay Between Gut-Brain, Gut-Liver, and Liver-Brain Axes

The Complex Interplay Between Gut-Brain, Gut-Liver, and Liver-Brain Axes
  • Author : Cristina Stasi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-06
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9780128219287
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Summary : The Complex Interplay Between Gut–Brain, Gut–Liver, and Liver–Brain Axes provides current and wide-ranging information in the field of gastrointestinal, liver, and brain interactions that can be used in resolving important clinical issues. This book is systematically split into three distinct sections. The first section introduces the pathophysiology of the gut–brain connection, including the causative effect of the interactions between the gut and brain in gastrointestinal and psychiatric/neurological disorders, and the role of serotonin and its pathways in gastrointestinal disorders. The second section examines the pathophysiology of the gut–liver connection along with the interactions between gut microbiota and liver in chronic liver diseases, with special focus on the role of serotonin and its pathways in hepatic fibrogenesis. Finally, the third section describes the pathophysiology of the liver–brain connection, including the role of gut microbiota in hepatic encephalopathy, as well as dietary and therapeutic interventions that target the gut microbiome. Provides current and wide-ranging knowledge in the field of gastrointestinal, liver, and brain interactions. Resolves important clinical issues concerning gut, liver, and brain interactions. Demonstrates advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal and liver diseases.

The Mind-Gut Connection

The Mind-Gut Connection
  • Author : Emeran Mayer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-05
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780062846822
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Summary : Chances are, at some point in your life you’ve noticed the connection between your brain and your gut. If you’ve ever felt queasy as you walked into an uncomfortable situation or based a life decision based on a “gut feeling,” then you know that sometimes our bodies react faster than our minds. Most of us have also experienced the same phenomenon in reverse, where our mental state has affected our digestive system—like the butterflies in our stomach before an important meeting or a first date. But while the dialogue between the mind and the gut has been recognized for centuries, scientists today are just starting to understand how powerful that connection is. In The Mind-Gut Connection, Dr. Emeran Mayer, executive director of the UCLA Oppenheimer Center for the Neurobiology of Stress, offers a cutting-edge view into this developing science, showing us the full impact of how the brain, gut, and microbiome—the community of microorganisms that live inside the digestive tract—communicate. As Dr. Mayer explains, when this communication channel is out of whack, major health problems can crop up, including food sensitivities and allergies, digestive disorders, obesity, depression, anxiety, and fatigue. The Mind-Gut Connection teaches us how, with a few simple changes to our diet and lifestyle, we can enjoy a happier mindset, enhanced immunity, a decreased risk of developing neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, and even lose weight. With a simple, practical regimen drawn from the latest research, Dr. Mayer shows us that paying attention to the mind-gut balance is the key to unlocking vibrant health.

Neurogastroenterology – Focus on the Gut-Brain Axis

Neurogastroenterology – Focus on the Gut-Brain Axis
  • Author : Guillaume Gourcerol,Yvette France Taché,Andreas Stengel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-13
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889666966
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Summary :

Microbiome-gut-brain axis

Microbiome-gut-brain axis
  • Author : R.Z. Sayyed,Mahejibin Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-07-31
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9811616256
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Summary : The book highlights the importance of prebiotics, probiotics and synbiotics in the signalling mechanism between gut microbiota and brain, also referred to as the gut-brain axis. A stable gut microbiota is essential for normal gut physiology and overall health, since it assists in proper signalling along the brain–gut axis. The book describes how the cross talks between gut microbiota and brain, not only regulate gastro-intestinal functions but also ensure proper functioning of cognitive behaviour and immunological functions. The various chapters describe probiotic microorganisms that colonize gastrointestinal tract and provide an array of health benefits to the host. It further elaborates about certain non-digestible oligosaccharides (prebiotics) are easily fermented by specialist microbes in the gut, to produce health-promoting metabolites and inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria. This book is useful for students, researchers and scientists in the field of microbiology, food science and nutrition. It is also meant for industry experts involved in developing nutraceuticals.

The Enteric Nervous System

The Enteric Nervous System
  • Author : John Barton Furness
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-09
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781405133760
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Summary : Covers all aspects of the structure, function, neurochemistry, transmitter identification and development of the enteric nervous system This book brings together extensive knowledge of the structure and cell physiology of the enteric nervous system and provides an up-to-date synthesis of the roles of the enteric nervous system in the control of motility, secretion and blood supply in the gastrointestinal tract. It includes sections on the enteric nervous system in disease, genetic abnormalities that affect enteric nervous system function, and targets for therapy in the enteric nervous system. It also includes many newly created explanatory diagrams and illustrations of the organization of enteric nerve circuits. This new book is ideal for gastroenterologists (including trainees/fellows), clinical physiologists and educators. It is invaluable for the many scientists in academia, research institutes and industry who have been drawn to work on the gastrointestinal innervation because of its intrinsic interest, its economic importance and its involvement in unsolved health problems. It also provides a valuable resource for undergraduate and graduate teaching.

The Microbiome and the Brain

The Microbiome and the Brain
  • Author : David Perlmutter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-06
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 9781351235686
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Summary : Brain related disorders are among the most challenging health issues of our time. The development of effective therapeutic and preventive strategies for these disorders relies on a comprehensive understanding of the underlying causative mechanisms. And, until recently, these mechanisms have remained somewhat elusive. The newly discovered pivotal role of the intestinal microbiome in brain health, functionality, and resistance to disease is revolutionizing neuroscience. The Microbiome and the Brain, through the contributions of some of the most forward thinking researchers and clinicians in the field, comprehensively reveals the leading edge of our understanding of the fundamental role of gut microbes and their metabolites in a wide array of seemingly diverse brain issues including Alzheimer’s disease, autism, multiple sclerosis, and mood disorders. In addition, mechanisms defining these relationships are explored along with a presentation of the state-of-the-art as it relates to interpretation of relevant laboratory assessments. Finally, novel therapeutic opportunities, derived from this exciting science are presented. Readers will learn: The highly validated relationship between alterations of gut microbes and their metabolites, and risk for Alzheimer’s disease. The important link between autism and intestinal dysbiosis. Appropriate interpretation of available laboratory assessments of the intestinal microbiome. The potential role of fecal microbial transplant in neurological diseases. The influence of diet and other lifestyle choices on the microbiome as it relates to brain health and functionality.

Gut Microbiota, Its Modifications and the Gut-brain Axis

Gut Microbiota, Its Modifications and the Gut-brain Axis
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1231445351
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Summary :

Psychogastroenterology for Adults

Psychogastroenterology for Adults
  • Author : Simon R. Knowles,Laurie Keefer,Antonina A. Mikocka-Walus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-30
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781000672770
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Summary : The brain-gut connection has been increasingly implicated in biopsychosocial well-being. While there are numerous factors that directly and indirectly impact on how the gut and the brain interact, there is a growing awareness that gastrointestinal conditions need to be viewed and treated as part of a multidisciplinary approach. Psychogastroenterology for Adults: A Handbook for Mental Health Professionals is the first book to provide mental health professionals with an evidence-based, practical guide for working with patients living with gastrointestinal conditions. Timely and accessibly written, this book provides a unique, comprehensive introduction to psychogastroenterology, offering a step-by-step guide to evidence-based psychological treatment protocols. Broad in scope and expertise, the book is divided into four parts. It opens with an overview of the field, moving on to outline psychological concerns and conditions in gastroenterological (GI) cohorts. Further, it covers various approaches to psychogastroenterology, including psychopharmacological and eHealth practices. In closing, the book looks to the future, providing guidance on supervision in psychogastroenterology, and exploring challenges in the field. Written by experts in the field, this book will be an indispensable resource for those who wish to enhance their knowledge and practice of psychogastroenterology in the mental health profession, including psychologists, psychiatrists, psychosomatic medicine specialists, nurses and social workers.

Personalized Food Intervention and Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder Management

Personalized Food Intervention and Therapy for Autism Spectrum Disorder Management
  • Author : M. Mohamed Essa,M. Walid Qoronfleh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-31
  • Total pages :693
  • ISBN : 9783030304027
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Summary : The book focuses on implications of traditional and processed foods for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) intervention and management. Numerous phytonutrients and pharmacologically active compounds in edible natural products and diet could influence and offer protection to neuronal dysfunction that occurs due to ASD. The neuroprotective effects of various fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds phytochemicals, and other natural bioactive ingredients against ASD and related conditions are discussed. Topics such as the possible neuroprotective mechanism of action of these foods and the therapeutic role of antioxidants in relation to ASD are addressed. This book also highlights the scope of using anti-inflammatory agents and antioxidants to promote neurogenesis and improve other symptoms in ASD. It emphasizes personalized nutritional approaches with dietary management of neurodevelopmental disorders/ASD cases. Information in this book is relevant to researchers in the field of complementary and alternative medicine, nutraceuticals, neuroscience, agriculture, nutrition, and food science. This volume is beneficial to students of varying levels, and across multiple disciplines.

Functional Gastroenterology

Functional Gastroenterology
  • Author : Steven Sandberg-Lewis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-17
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0692864660
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Summary : The Rome IV criteria refer to functional gastrointestinal conditions as "Disorders of Gut-Brain Interaction." These conditions are involved in an estimated 40% of patient visits to gastroenterologists. Naturopathic functional diagnosis and individualized treatment are uniquely suited for good outcomes with these disorders. In Functional Gastroenterology, Steven Sandberg-Lewis, ND, DHANP, draws on skills and knowledge he has built during four decades of Naturopathic practice and teaching. He articulates clinical pearls and presents a thorough review of the relevant published research. This text focuses on the underlying causes of functional GI disorders as well as their diagnosis, treatment and management.

The Belly Brain Solution

The Belly Brain Solution
  • Author : Tammy Tucker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-16
  • Total pages :90
  • ISBN : 1717107486
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Summary : WHO THIS BOOK IS FOR: If you have ever struggled with... Issues with your "Belly" or "Brain" - Gas or bloating in the belly - Indigestion or heartburn - Nausea - Irritable bowel issues (constipation or diarrhea) - Depression - Fatigue - Anxiety - Mood changes - Headaches - Inflammation or pain, achiness in joints or tissues - Fibromyalgia - Sleep problems - Attention or focus issues - Hormone imbalances - Memory Loss - Autoimmune Disease (thyroid, arthritis, diabetes, psoriasis) Although far from exhaustive, below are some of the symptoms of digestive problems: - Flatulence/ wind - Diarrhea - Constipation - Stomach pain - Environmental Allergies/hay-fever - Itchiness - Dizziness - Weight loss/ gain - Nervousness - Brain fog - Skin problems such as rashes, eczema, and psoriasis - Pins and needles/Neuropathy - Brittle nails - Recurrent urinary tract infections - Hair Loss It is becoming increasingly evident that bidirectional signaling exists between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain, often involving the gut microbiota. This emerging area of research is evolving quickly. Learn how to take back your health on your journey to perfect health.

The Emotional Motor System

The Emotional Motor System
  • Author : Gert Holstege,Richard Bandler,Clifford B. Saper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-01-01
  • Total pages :627
  • ISBN : 0444801049
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Summary : Hardbound. This book is based on the symposium organized in the frameworkof the 380th birthday of the State University of Groningen, TheNetherlands.The chapters represent an overview of the state-of-the-art of the different fields belonging to the emotionalmotor system. The invited speakers prepared their papers AFTERthe conference, making it possible for them to incorporate thefindings of other authors in their own chapters. This approach, and peer reviewing of all chapters, makes the volume an excellent addition to this renowned series

Let Them Eat Dirt

Let Them Eat Dirt
  • Author : B. Brett Finlay,Marie-Claire Arrietta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-06
  • Total pages :999
  • ISBN : 9781771642552
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Summary : Our over-sanitized world threatens children’s health, but parents can change their environment into one where they’ll thrive. Babies and young kids are being raised in surroundings that are increasingly cleaner, more hyper hygienic, and more disinfected than ever before. As a result, the beneficial bacteria in their bodies is being altered, promoting conditions and diseases such as obesity, diabetes, asthma, allergies, and autism. As Let Them Eat Dirt shows, there is much that parents can do about this, including breastfeeding if possible, getting a dog, and avoiding antibiotics unless necessary—and yes, it is OK to let kids get a bit dirty.