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The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain

The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain
  • Author : Jon Leefmann,Elisabeth Hildt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-09
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780128042601
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Summary : The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain brings together exciting new works that address today’s key challenges for a mutual interaction between cognitive neuroscience and the social sciences and humanities. Taking up the methodological and conceptual problems of choosing a neuroscience approach to disciplines such as philosophy, history, ethics and education, the book deepens discussions on a range of epistemological, historical, and sociological questions about the "neuro-turn" in the new millennium. The book’s three sections focus on (i) epistemological questions posed by neurobiologically informed approaches to philosophy and history, (ii) neuroscience’s influence on explanations for social and moral behavior, and (iii) the consequences of the neuro-turn in diverse sectors of social life such as science, education, film, and human self-understanding. This book is an important resource both for students and scholars of cognitive neuroscience and biological psychology interested in the philosophical, ethical, and societal influences of—and on—their work as well as for students and scholars from the social sciences and humanities interested in neuroscience. Explores the recent influence of neuroscience on the humanities and social sciences and how they respond to these influences Offers in-depth analysis of the theoretical and practical influence of a brain-centered scientific view in diverse areas of the social sciences including economics, education, cultural studies, and philosophy Investigates contributions of the history of science to scrutinizing current neuroscience–based approaches to social and moral behavior

Discovering the Brain

Discovering the Brain
  • Author : National Academy of Sciences,Institute of Medicine,Sandra Ackerman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-01-01
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 9780309045292
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Summary : The brain ... There is no other part of the human anatomy that is so intriguing. How does it develop and function and why does it sometimes, tragically, degenerate? The answers are complex. In Discovering the Brain, science writer Sandra Ackerman cuts through the complexity to bring this vital topic to the public. The 1990s were declared the "Decade of the Brain" by former President Bush, and the neuroscience community responded with a host of new investigations and conferences. Discovering the Brain is based on the Institute of Medicine conference, Decade of the Brain: Frontiers in Neuroscience and Brain Research. Discovering the Brain is a "field guide" to the brain--an easy-to-read discussion of the brain's physical structure and where functions such as language and music appreciation lie. Ackerman examines How electrical and chemical signals are conveyed in the brain. The mechanisms by which we see, hear, think, and pay attention--and how a "gut feeling" actually originates in the brain. Learning and memory retention, including parallels to computer memory and what they might tell us about our own mental capacity. Development of the brain throughout the life span, with a look at the aging brain. Ackerman provides an enlightening chapter on the connection between the brain's physical condition and various mental disorders and notes what progress can realistically be made toward the prevention and treatment of stroke and other ailments. Finally, she explores the potential for major advances during the "Decade of the Brain," with a look at medical imaging techniques--what various technologies can and cannot tell us--and how the public and private sectors can contribute to continued advances in neuroscience. This highly readable volume will provide the public and policymakers--and many scientists as well--with a helpful guide to understanding the many discoveries that are sure to be announced throughout the "Decade of the Brain."

Mapping the Brain and Its Functions

Mapping the Brain and Its Functions
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Division of Biobehavioral Sciences and Mental Disorders,Division of Health Sciences Policy,Committee on a National Neural Circuitry Database
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-02-01
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 9780309044974
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Summary : Significant advances in brain research have been made, but investigators who face the resulting explosion of data need new methods to integrate the pieces of the "brain puzzle." Based on the expertise of more than 100 neuroscientists and computer specialists, this new volume examines how computer technology can meet that need. Featuring outstanding color photography, the book presents an overview of the complexity of brain research, which covers the spectrum from human behavior to genetic mechanisms. Advances in vision, substance abuse, pain, and schizophrenia are highlighted. The committee explores the potential benefits of computer graphics, database systems, and communications networks in neuroscience and reviews the available technology. Recommendations center on a proposed Brain Mapping Initiative, with an agenda for implementation and a look at issues such as privacy and accessibility.

Social Sciences and Innovation

Social Sciences and Innovation
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-05
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9789264192836
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Summary : These workshop proceedings examine the contribution of the social sciences to improving our understanding of social and technological innovation processes, to overcoming barriers to innovation, and how innovation can improve social science.

Neuropsychedelia

Neuropsychedelia
  • Author : Nicolas Langlitz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-07
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9780520274822
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Summary : Neuropsychedelia examines the revival of psychedelic science since the "Decade of the Brain." After the breakdown of this previously prospering area of psychopharmacology, and in the wake of clashes between counterculture and establishment in the late 1960s, a new generation of hallucinogen researchers used the hype around the neurosciences in the 1990s to bring psychedelics back into the mainstream of science and society. This book is based on anthropological fieldwork and philosophical reflections on life and work in two laboratories that have played key roles in this development: a human lab in Switzerland and an animal lab in California. It sheds light on the central transnational axis of the resurgence connecting American psychedelic culture with the home country of LSD. In the borderland of science and religion, Neuropsychedelia explores the tensions between the use of hallucinogens to model psychoses and to evoke spiritual experiences in laboratory settings. Its protagonists, including the anthropologist himself, struggle to find a place for the mystical under conditions of late-modern materialism.

Social Sciences and Cultural Studies

Social Sciences and Cultural Studies
  • Author : Asunción Lopez-Varela Azcárate
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-19
  • Total pages :522
  • ISBN : 9789535107422
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Summary : This is a unique and groundbreaking collection of questions and answers coming from higher education institutions on diverse fields and across a wide spectrum of countries and cultures. It creates routes for further innovation, collaboration amidst the Sciences (both Natural and Social) and the Humanities and the private and the public sectors of society. The chapters speak across socio-cultural concerns, education, welfare and artistic sectors under the common desire for direct responses in more effective ways by means of interaction across societal structures.

The Consilient Brain

The Consilient Brain
  • Author : Gerald A. Cory
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :234
  • ISBN : 0306478803
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Summary : This book considers neuroscience as the bridge between the natural and social sciences, and examines the applicability for sociology, economics, and political science of new concepts in cognitive science, evolutionary psychology, and neuroscience. This work applies current research in evolutionary neuroscience to the foundation of economics and politics.

Critical Neuroscience

Critical Neuroscience
  • Author : Suparna Choudhury,Jan Slaby
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-07
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9781444343335
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Summary : Critical Neuroscience: A Handbook of the Social and Cultural Contexts of Neuroscience brings together multi-disciplinary scholars from around the world to explore key social, historical and philosophical studies of neuroscience, and to analyze the socio-cultural implications of recent advances in the field. This text’s original, interdisciplinary approach explores the creative potential for engaging experimental neuroscience with social studies of neuroscience while furthering the dialogue between neuroscience and the disciplines of the social sciences and humanities. Critical Neuroscience transcends traditional skepticism, introducing novel ideas about ‘how to be critical’ in and about science.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society
  • Author : Robert W. Kolb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-27
  • Total pages :4072
  • ISBN : 9781483381541
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Summary : Thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded, The SAGE Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society, Second Edition explores current topics, such as mass social media, cookies, and cyber-attacks, as well as traditional issues including accounting, discrimination, environmental concerns, and management. The new edition also includes an in-depth examination of current and recent ethical affairs, such as the dangerous work environments of off-shore factories for Western retailers, the negligence resulting in the 2010 BP oil spill, the gender wage gap, the minimum wage debate and increasing income disparity, and the unparalleled level of debt in the U.S. and other countries with the challenges it presents to many societies and the considerable impact on the ethics of intergenerational wealth transfers. Key Features Include: Seven volumes, available in both electronic and print formats, contain more than 1,200 signed entries by significant figures in the field Cross-references and suggestions for further readings to guide students to in-depth resources Thematic Reader's Guide groups related entries by general topics Index allows for thorough browse-and-search capabilities in the electronic edition

Drug Abuse in the Decade of the Brain

Drug Abuse in the Decade of the Brain
  • Author : Gabriel G. Nahas,Thomas F. Burks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :281
  • ISBN : 9051993056
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Summary : Life scientists have declared the 1990s to be the "Decade of the Brain." Undoubtedly the most important organ, the brain is perhaps the least understood. Until recently, the proper methodology for exploring the basic functions of the brain were not available. However, the new era of computer technology brain imaging and molecular biology have given scientists the tools for studying previously hidden mechanisms of the brain which control thinking, emotions, and behavior. Along with this new knowledge, scientists have observed that drugs of abuse can alter these same brain functions in a profound and persistent manner. Drugs of abuse are widely used substances that differ in chemical nature but have a common property-creating dependence. Dependence is characterized by a stereotypical pattern of behavior oriented toward the search, acquisition, and ingestion of drugs of abuse with such frequency and in such quantity as to be harmful. This behavior is beyond the control of reason and will. Studies conducted during the "decade of the brain" or before, show that the clinically observed, dependent behavior induced by drugs of abuse result from neurophysiological and chemical alterations of complex brain mechanisms. These mechanisms involve the production and turnover of the brain neurotransmitters that carry information in the brain neurocircuitry, changes in brain metabolism and circulation, and alterations in the expression of DNA which programs the functions or the neuronal cell. This book describes a number of newly discovered basic brain mechanisms and the alterations caused by drugs of abuse. Contributions by top researchers in fields of radian biology, biochemistry, genetics, and pharmacology examine the new technological improvements for the measurement of brain function, metabolism, blood flow and drug elimination and report changes in brain biochemistry, including DNA expression, as they occur during drug abuse. Physicians and health professionals will benefit from a better understanding of the effects of drugs on the brain which will lead to more effective interventions for prevention and treatment. Highlights include: New knowledge about the brain New methods of investigation Opiates and the brain Marijuana and the brain Cocaine and the brain This book will be of interest to health professionals and program administrators involved in the education and treatment of substance abuse disorders, as well as physicians, nurses, psychiatric social workers, neuroscientists, and pharmacologists.

The History of the Brain and Mind Sciences

The History of the Brain and Mind Sciences
  • Author : Stephen T. Casper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9781580465953
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Summary : How did epidemics, zoos, German exiles, methamphetamine, disgruntled technicians, modern bureaucracy, museums, and whipping cream shape the emergence of modern neuroscience?

Encyclopedia of the Human Brain

Encyclopedia of the Human Brain
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :857
  • ISBN : 0122272102
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Summary :

The Neuroscientific Turn

The Neuroscientific Turn
  • Author : Melissa M. Littlefield,Jenell Johnson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-02
  • Total pages :254
  • ISBN : 9780472118267
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Summary : An interdisciplinary collection considering implications of the current 'neurorevolution'

Allocating Federal Funds for Science and Technology

Allocating Federal Funds for Science and Technology
  • Author : National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Institute of Medicine,Committee on Criteria for Federal Support of Research and Development
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-11-22
  • Total pages :108
  • ISBN : 030917600X
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Summary : The United States faces a new challenge--maintaining the vitality of its system for supporting science and technology despite fiscal stringency during the next several years. To address this change, the Senate Appropriations Committee requested a report from the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering and the Institute of Medicine to address "the criteria that should be used in judging the appropriate allocation of funds to research and development activities; to examine the appropriate balance among different types of institutions that conduct such research; and to look at the means of assuring continued objectivity in the allocation process." In this eagerly-awaited book, a committee of experts selected by the National Academies and the Institute responds with 13 recommendations that propose a new budgeting process and formulates a series of questions to address during that process. The committee also makes corollary recommendations about merit review, government oversight, linking research and development to government missions, the synergy between research and education, and other topics. The recommendations are aimed at rooting out obsolete and inadequate activities to free resources from good programs for even better ones, in the belief that "science and technology will be at least as important in the future as they have been in the past in dealing with problems that confront the nation." The authoring committee of this book was chaired by Frank Press, former President of the National Academy of Sciences (1981-1993) and Presidential Science and Technology Advisor (1977-1981).

Federally funded research : decisions for a decade.

Federally funded research : decisions for a decade.
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781428921566
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Summary :

Phenomenology and the Human Sciences

Phenomenology and the Human Sciences
  • Author : J.N. Mohanty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : 9789400950818
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Summary :

Neuroinformatics

Neuroinformatics
  • Author : Stephen H. Koslow,Michael F. Huerta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-07
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9781134798490
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Summary : Modern neuroscience is providing profound insights into nature's most mysterious puzzle -- the human brain -- while applications of information and computer science are transforming the way people interact with each other and with the world around them. The new science of neuroinformatics, which sits at the junction, integrates knowledge and promises to catalyze progress in these dynamic and seemingly disparate areas of study. Neuroinformatics research will allow brain and behavioral scientists to make better sense and use of their data through advanced information tools and approaches. These include new ways to acquire, store, visualize, analyze, integrate, synthesize, and share data, as well as the means for electronic scientific collaboration. In this country, the principal source of support for neuroinformatics research is the Human Brain Project. The project, which is led by the National Institute of Mental Health, now supports neuroinformatics research performed by over 60 scientists. This volume presents the findings of the first group of researchers. Their efforts will begin to arm the next generation of brain and behavioral scientists with tools to attack the serious problem of information overload, and ultimately relate their findings to those obtained from different species, levels of biological organization, methods, and laboratories. And the challenges presented by the amount, diversity, and complexity of brain and behavioral data will give informatics researchers the impetus to test and expand the limits of their own science. The work described in this volume signals a change in the way scientists interact with data, instruments and each other, and points the way to a very different and richer future understanding of the human brain and mind.

Kaplan & Sadock's Study Guide and Self-Examination Review in Psychiatry

Kaplan & Sadock's Study Guide and Self-Examination Review in Psychiatry
  • Author : Benjamin J. Sadock,Virginia A. Sadock,Pedro Ruiz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-28
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9781451154450
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Summary : Kaplan & Sadock's Study Guide and Self-Examination Review in Psychiatry is a comprehensive review of the specialty and perfect for stand-alone review or as preparation for the PRITE in-service, ABPN Part I, and recertification examinations. The book contains more than 1,600 multiple-choice questions and answers, with explanatory discussions of correct and incorrect responses. Chapters parallel the essential corresponding chapters in Kaplan & Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry, a staple of psychiatry education around the globe. Terms and definitions are consistent with DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10.

Philosophical issues in psychiatry III

Philosophical issues in psychiatry III
  • Author : Kenneth S. Kendler,Josef Parnas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-02
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780191038860
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Summary : Psychiatry has long struggled with the nature of its diagnoses. The problems raised by questions about the nature of psychiatric illness are particularly fascinating because they sit at the intersection of philosophy, empirical psychiatric/psychological research, measurement theory, historical tradition and policy. In being the only medical specialty that diagnoses and treats mental illness, psychiatry has been subject to major changes in the last 150 years. This book explores the forces that have shaped these changes and especially how substantial "internal" advances in our knowledge of the nature and causes of psychiatric illness have interacted with a plethora of external forces that have impacted on the psychiatric profession. It includes contributions from philosophers of science with an interest in psychiatry, psychiatrists and psychologists with expertise in the history of their field and historians of psychiatry. Each chapter is accompanied by an introduction and a commentary. The result is a dynamic discussion about the nature of psychiatric disorders, and a book that is compelling reading for those in the field of mental health, history of science and medicine, and philosophy.

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-05
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 1568063695
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Summary : Discusses the unique role of science and technology in foreign policy by focusing on six topical areas: personnel, funding, and intellectual property; science and technology; health; environment and global change; energy; and economic competitiveness -- and examining how science and technology interface with foreign policy in those fields. Also discusses U.S. cooperation in these six areas with 20 countries plus two multilateral organizations, the European community and NATO.

EEG Methods for the Psychological Sciences

EEG Methods for the Psychological Sciences
  • Author : Cheryl L Dickter,Paul D Kieffaber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-20
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9781446296745
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Summary : "A unique and important resource, full of critical practical knowledge and technical details made readily accessible." - Tiffany Ito, University of Colorado at Boulder "A comprehensive and engaging guide to EEG methods in social neuroscience; Dickter and Kiefabber offer practical details for conducting EEG research in a social/personality lab, with a broad perspective on how neuroscience can inform psychology. This is a unique and invaluable resource - a must-have for scientists interested in the social brain." - David M. Amodio, New York University Electroencephalography (EEG) has seen a dramatic increase in application as a research tool in the psychological sciences in recent years. This book provides an introduction to the technology and techniques of EEG in the context of social and cognitive neuroscience research that will appeal to investigators (students or researchers) wishing to broaden their research aims to include EEG, and to those already using EEG but wishing to expand their analytic repertoire. It can also serve as a textbook for a postgraduate course or upper-level undergraduate course in any area of behavioural neuroscience. The book provides an introduction to the theory, technology, and techniques of EEG data analysis along with the practical skills required to engage this popular technology. Beginning with a background in the neural origins and physical principles involved in recording EEG, readers will also find discussions of practical considerations regarding the recording of EEG in humans as well as tips for the configuration of an EEG laboratory. The analytic methods covered include event-related brain potentials (ERPs), spectral asymmetry, and time-frequency analyses. A conceptual background and review of domain-specific applications of the method is provided for each type of analysis. There's also comprehensive guided analysis for each analytic method that includes tutorial-style instruction and sample datasets. This book is perfect for advanced students and researchers in the psychological sciences and related disciplines who are using EEG in their research.