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The Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis

The Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-12
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 0080559360
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Summary : The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis controls reactions to stress and regulates various body processes such as digestion, the immune system, mood and sexuality, and energy usage. This volume focuses on the role it plays in the immune system and provides substantive experimental and clinical data to support current understanding in the field, and potential applications of this knowledge in the treatment of disease. * Evidence presented in this book suggests that the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems form the Neuroendoimmune Supersystem, which integrates all the biological functions of higher organisms both in health and disease for their entire life cycle. * Contributors include both the scientists who initiated the work on the HPA axis and on the autonomic nervous system, and those who joined the field later.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine
  • Author : Marc D. Gellman,J. Rick Turner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1461464390
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Summary :

The Amygdala

The Amygdala
  • Author : Barbara Ferry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-05
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9789535132493
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Summary : The amygdala is a central component of the limbic system, which is known to play a critical role in emotional processing of learning and memory. Over these last 20 years, major advances in techniques for examining brain activity greatly helped the scientific community to determine the nature of the contribution of the amygdala to these fundamental aspects of cognition. Combined with new conceptual breakthroughs, research data obtained in animals and humans have also provided major insights into our understanding of the processes by which amygdala dysfunction contributes to various brain disorders, such as autism or Alzheimer's disease. Although the primary goal of this book is to inform experts and newcomers of some of the latest data in the field of brain structures involved in the mechanisms underlying emotional learning and memory, we hope it will also help stimulate discussion on the functional role of the amygdala and connected brain structures in these mechanisms.

The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis in Health and Disease

The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis in Health and Disease
  • Author : Eliza B. Geer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-01
  • Total pages :327
  • ISBN : 9783319459509
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Summary : Cushing ́s syndrome is a rare disorder that is associated with many co-morbidities such as systemic hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis, impaired immune function, and psychiatric disease, all of which severely reduce quality of life and life expectancy. This book reviews the role of cortisol in the human body, focusing on the effects of excess cortisol due to Cushing’s syndrome as well as the role of the HPA axis in metabolism, inflammation, and neuropsychiatric function. The volume will cover basic mechanistic data, clinical outcomes data, and novel therapies. Also discussed are everything from abnormalities of the HPA axis, to the role of the HPA axis in the development of neuropsychiatric disorders and metabolic disorders, to new definitions of Cushing’s remission and recurrence. The Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal Axis in Health and Disease will provide a comprehensive and multi-disciplinary review of the pathophysiology and outcomes of excess cortisol in the human body and brain as well as the role of the HPA axis in other disease states.

Clinical Neuroendocrinology

Clinical Neuroendocrinology
  • Author : Michael Wilkinson,S. Ali Imran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-31
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781316645192
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Summary : A concise and innovative account of clinical neuroendocrine disorders and the key principles underlying their diagnosis and management.

Molecular Neuroendocrinology

Molecular Neuroendocrinology
  • Author : David Murphy,Harold Gainer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-07
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9781118760376
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Summary : "Discusses the mechanisms that enhance peptide and protein diversity beyond what is encoded in the genome through post-translational modification"--

Stress: Neuroendocrinology and Neurobiology

Stress: Neuroendocrinology and Neurobiology
  • Author : George Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-15
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9780128024232
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Summary : Stress: Neuroendocrinology and Neurobiology: Handbook of Stress Series, Volume 2, focuses on neuroendocrinology, the discipline that deals with the way that the brain controls hormonal secretion, and in turn, the way that hormones control the brain. There have been significant advances in our understanding of neuroendocrine molecular and epigenetic mechanisms, especially in the way in which stress-induced hormonal and neurochemical changes affect brain plasticity, neuronal connectivity, and synaptic function. The book features the topic of epigenetics, and how it enables stress and other external factors to affect genetic transmission and expression without changes in DNA sequence. Integrated closely with new behavioral findings and relevance to human disorders, the concepts and data in this volume offer the reader cutting-edge information on the neuroendocrinology of stress. Volume 2 is of prime interest to neuroscientists, clinicians, researchers, academics, and graduate students in neuroendocrinology, neuroscience, biomedicine, endocrinology, psychology, psychiatry, and in some areas of the social sciences, including stress and its management in the workplace. Includes chapters that offer impressive scope with topics addressing the neuroendocrinology and endocrinology of stress Presents articles carefully selected by eminent stress researchers and prepared by contributors that represent outstanding scholarship in the field Richly illustrated, with explanatory figures and tables

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
  • Author : J. Douglas Bremner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-18
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781118356111
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Summary : Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: From Neurobiology to Treatment presents a comprehensive look at this key neuropsychiatric disorder. The text examines the neurobiological basis of post-traumatic stress and how our understanding of the basic elements of the disease have informed and been translated into new and existing treatment options. The book begins with a section on animal models in posttraumatic stress disorder research, which has served as the basis of much of our neurobiological information. Chapters then delve into applications of the clinical neuroscience of posttraumatic stress disorder. The final part of the books explores treatments and how our basic and clinical research is now being converted into treatment. Taking a unique basic science to translational intervention approach, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: From Neurobiology to Treatment is an invaluable resource for researchers, students and clinicians dealing with this complex disorder.

Sports Endocrinology

Sports Endocrinology
  • Author : F. Lanfranco,C.J. Strasburger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-28
  • Total pages :172
  • ISBN : 9783318058697
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Summary : This book is an up-to-date, extensive overview of the effects of physical activity and training on endocrine function. It gives insights into a complex relationship by describing effects with respect to exercise performance, growth, development, and ageing. It includes discussions of the endocrine response depending on exercise mode, intensity, and duration as well as on gender, age, and fitness level. Additionally the book deals with the impact of environmental and psychological factors on endocrine level. A substantial part of Sports Endocrinology is devoted to the 'hot topic' of hormonal doping in sports. The properties of androgens, growth hormone, erythropoietin, and dietary supplements are highlighted. The use and abuse among professional and recreational athletes is discussed and specific methods of detection are presented and explained. All contributors are well-known experts in sports medicine and endocrinology, endocrine physiology, pharmacology, and doping detection, so this book is a must-read for every professional involved in the field.

The Role of the Amygdala in Regulating the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis

The Role of the Amygdala in Regulating the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis
  • Author : Joseph Weidenfeld
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1154173729
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Summary : We investigated the regulatory role of the amygdala upon the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis as measured by median eminence corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) content and serum levels of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone. Our findings showed that (1) lesions of the central amygdala inhibited the HPA axis responses to a variety of stressful stimuli. (2) Depletion of norepinephrine or serotonin in the amygdala and hypothalamus and local injections of norepinephrine and serotonin receptor antagonists into the central amygdala inhibited the HPA axis responses to neural stress. Norepinephrine and serotonin agonists injected into the amygdala caused an increase in HPA axis activity. The activation of the amygdala facilitated the in vivo release of serotonin from the paraventricular nucleus following electrical stimulation of the brainstem raphe nuclei. (3) Electrical stimulation of the amygdala impaired the glucocorticoid negative feedback action following neural stressful stimuli probably via a decrease in hippocampal corticosteroid receptors.

Endocrinology of Physical Activity and Sport

Endocrinology of Physical Activity and Sport
  • Author : Anthony C. Hackney,Naama W. Constantini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-26
  • Total pages :578
  • ISBN : 9783030333768
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Summary : Now in its fully revised and expanded third edition, this comprehensive text represents a compilation of the critical endocrinology topics in the areas of sports medicine, kinesiology and exercise science, written by leading experts in the field. As in previous editions, the focus here is on the critical issues involved in understanding human endocrinology and hormonal workings with regards to physical activity, exercise and sport and how such workings impact the full range of medical conditions, overall health and physiological adaptation. Chapters included discuss the effect of exercise on the HPA axis, the GH-IGF-1 axis, thyroid function, diabetes, and the male and female reproductive systems, among other topics. Additional chapters present the current evidence on circadian endocrine physiology, exercise in older adults, exercise and hormone regulation in weight control, and the effects of overtraining in sports. Chapters brand new to this edition present the role of hormones in muscle hypertrophy, the effect of exercise on hormones in metabolic syndrome patients, how exercise impacts appetite-regulating hormones in clinical populations, and the relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) condition.

The Handbook of Stress

The Handbook of Stress
  • Author : Cheryl D. Conrad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-23
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9781118078716
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Summary : The Handbook of Stress: Neuropsychological Effects on the Brain is an authoritative guide to the effects of stress on brain health, with a collection of articles that reflect the most recent findings in the field. Presents cutting edge findings on the effects of stress on brain health Examines stress influences on brain plasticity across the lifespan, including links to anxiety, PTSD, and clinical depression Features contributions by internationally recognized experts in the field of brain health Serves as an essential reference guide for scholars and advanced students

Pediatric Neuroendocrinology

Pediatric Neuroendocrinology
  • Author : Sandro Loche,M. Cappa,L. Ghizzoni,M. Maghnie,M. O. Savage
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9783805593021
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Summary : The neuroendocrine system plays a pivotal role in the control of growth, puberty, reproduction, and intermediate metabolism. This title presents the research on neuroendocrine physiology, advances in the control of the onset of puberty and its disorders, and basic and clinical aspects of the GH/IGF-1 and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axes.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders
  • Author : Kerry Ressler,Daniel Pine,Barbara Rothbaum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-15
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780199395149
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Summary : Anxiety affects millions, manifesting as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, phobias, post-traumatic-stress disorder (PTSD), and social anxiety disorder. Not only are anxiety disorders common, but they are also crippling, frequently co-occurring and predict high risk for depressive disorders. Shared mechanisms may explain the overlapping features of many anxiety disorders and account for associations with other highly-impairing conditions, such as major depression and substance use. Beyond risk for specific disorders, anxiety also predicts a number of other adverse outcomes, including suicidal behavior, medical problems, social, and economic difficulties. Conversely, disorder-specific mechanisms may also exist and explain the unique features of each syndrome. Thus, it is important to understand both shared and specific aspects of anxiety. The Primer on Anxiety Disorders provides early-stage practitioners and trainees, as well as seasoned clinicians and researchers, with need-to-know knowledge on diagnosis and treatment. Clinical cases are used throughout the book to enhance understanding of and illustrate specific disorders, comorbid conditions and clinical issues. To facilitate an integrative approach, content allows clinicians to understand patient characteristics and tailor interventions. The integrated approach of each chapter includes recent research on genetics and neuroscience to understand the mechanisms of anxiety disorders, focusing on the forthcoming new nosology in DSM-5. Chapters further integrate innovative advances in clinical research providing research on a range of discoveries regarding biomarkers of illness, biological predictors of treatments and the effect of treatment on neurocircuitry.

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience
  • Author : Larry R. Squire
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-12
  • Total pages :12505
  • ISBN : 9780080963938
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Summary : The Encyclopedia of the Neuroscience explores all areas of the discipline in its focused entries on a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and other related areas of neuroscience. Each article is written by an expert in that specific domain and peer reviewed by the advisory board before acceptance into the encyclopedia. Each article contains a glossary, introduction, a reference section, and cross-references to other related encyclopedia articles. Written at a level suitable for university undergraduates, the breadth and depth of coverage will appeal beyond undergraduates to professionals and academics in related fields.

Endocrinology of Physical Activity and Sport

Endocrinology of Physical Activity and Sport
  • Author : Naama Constantini,Anthony C Hackney
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-13
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 9781627033145
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Summary : Understanding the influence and interaction between physical activity and the endocrine system are of paramount importance in dealing with a multitude of health problems. In Endocrinology of Physical Activity and Sport, renowned physicians and researchers provide a comprehensive and expanded update on the scientific, clinical and practical components of endocrinology as related to sport and exercise. The authors thoroughly review what is known about how such activity effects the endocrine system and how in turn these hormonal responses affect many other organs and systems of the body. In addition, aspects of endocrinology in non-glandular tissue which have endocrine actions are addressed; for example, adipocytes and the release of leptin and related adipocytokines. Further, a wide range of clinically related topics such as athletic amenorrhea, osteopenia, sarcopenia, and hypogonadism are included. This new edition critically integrates what is known about the complex interaction of the endocrine system in the sports context and will again prove immensely valuable to all physicians and clinical investigators treating those active in sports today.

Handbook of Physiological Research Methods in Health Psychology

Handbook of Physiological Research Methods in Health Psychology
  • Author : Linda J. Luecken,Linda C. Gallo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :461
  • ISBN : 9781412926058
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Summary : The field of health psychology has exploded in the last decade due to progress identifying physiological mechanisms by which psychological, social, and behavioral factors can put people's health and well-being at risk. The Handbook of Physiological Research Methods in Health Psychology provides thorough, state-of-the-art, and user-friendly coverage of basic techniques for measurement of physiological variables in health psychology research. It is designed to serve as a primary reference source for researchers and students interested in expanding their research to consider a biopsychosocial approach. Chapters addressing key physiological measures have been written by international experts with an eye towards documenting essential information that must be considered in order to accurately and reliably measure biological samples. The book is not intended to be a lab manual of specific biomedical techniques, nor is it intended to provide extensive physiological or anatomical information. Rather, it takes the approach most useful for a non-specialist who seeks guidance on how and when to collect biological measures but who will have the actual samples assayed elsewhere. The Handbook can be thought of as a primer or a gateway book for researchers new to the area of physiological measurement and for readers who would like to better understand the meaning of physiological measures they encounter in research reports.

The Gut-Brain Axis

The Gut-Brain Axis
  • Author : Niall Hyland,Catherine Stanton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-13
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 9780128025444
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Summary : The Gut-Brain Axis: Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota examines the potential for microbial manipulation as a therapeutic avenue in central nervous system disorders in which an altered microbiota has been implicated, and explores the mechanisms, sometimes common, by which the microbiota may contribute to such disorders. Focuses on specific areas in which the microbiota has been implicated in gut-brain communication Examines common mechanisms and pathways by which the microbiota may influence brain and behavior Identifies novel therapeutic strategies targeted toward the microbiota in the management of brain activity and behavior

Psychiatric Disorders

Psychiatric Disorders
  • Author : Dieter Schoepf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-22
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9789535111474
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Summary : Affective disorders are a subject of interest to clinicians for more than a century. The awareness of an urgent need for an evidence-based “personalized” approach of treatment is growing in the field of psychiatry. This book brings together leading experts to create a volume of equal interest and usefulness to students, clinicians and researchers alike, which should serve as common knowledge. Specific themes of major depression, bipolar disorder, and schizoaffective disorder are critically reviewed, addressing topics such as neurobiological mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis, treatment resistant depression, translational research and challenging stigma of serious mental illness. Particular emphasis is put on novel developments in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and on attention to causal mechanisms of behaviour change in the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy.

Cellular Physiology and Metabolism of Physical Exercise

Cellular Physiology and Metabolism of Physical Exercise
  • Author : Livio Luzi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-14
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 9788847024182
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Summary : The book covers areas of cellular physiology and metabolism that are of interest to scientists involved in research in diabetes and metabolic diseases. Some chapters of the book are specifically research-oriented, as all the authors are actively practicing either bench or clinical research in the area. Nonetheless, since the work is fully comprehensive of the discipline, it is also suitable for university classes of graduate and undergraduate students. In particular, the book discusses classical aspects of cellular physiology and the metabolism of physical exercise, as well as novel topics like exercise in transplantation and exercise in beta-cell failure, which mark the frontiers of research in sport-related sciences and research. Exercise physiologists, biologists and physicians are the specific professional and academic targets of this work. The team of authors together with the editor are world-renowned experts in the field of physiology and metabolism applied to sport sciences.

Salivary Bioscience

Salivary Bioscience
  • Author : Douglas A. Granger,Marcus K. Taylor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-07
  • Total pages :751
  • ISBN : 9783030357849
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Summary : This book provides the first comprehensive overview of the emerging field of interdisciplinary salivary bioscience. It serves as a foundational reference guide to the collection, analysis, and interpretation of salivary data, as well as its myriad applications in medicine, surveillance and public health. The ease and non-invasive nature of saliva collection makes it highly useful in diverse fields such as pediatrics, dentistry, neuroscience, psychology, animal welfare and precision medicine. This book introduces students and scientists alike to the vast potential of salivary bioscience in both research and practice.