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The Linguistic Cerebellum

The Linguistic Cerebellum
  • Author : Peter Mariën,Mario Manto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-07
  • Total pages :444
  • ISBN : 9780128017852
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Summary : The Linguistic Cerebellum provides a comprehensive analysis of this unique part of the brain that has the most number of neurons, each operating in distinct networks to perform diverse functions. This book outlines how those distinct networks operate in relation to non-motor language skills. Coverage includes cerebellar anatomy and function in relation to speech perception, speech planning, verbal fluency, grammar processing, and reading and writing, along with a discussion of language disorders. Discusses the neurobiology of cerebellar language functions, encompassing both normal language function and language disorders Includes speech perception, processing, and planning Contains cerebellar function in reading and writing Explores how language networks give insight to function elsewhere in the brain

Neurobiology of Language

Neurobiology of Language
  • Author : Gregory Hickok,Steven L. Small
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-15
  • Total pages :1188
  • ISBN : 9780124078628
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Summary : Neurobiology of Language explores the study of language, a field that has seen tremendous progress in the last two decades. Key to this progress is the accelerating trend toward integration of neurobiological approaches with the more established understanding of language within cognitive psychology, computer science, and linguistics. This volume serves as the definitive reference on the neurobiology of language, bringing these various advances together into a single volume of 100 concise entries. The organization includes sections on the field's major subfields, with each section covering both empirical data and theoretical perspectives. "Foundational" neurobiological coverage is also provided, including neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, genetics, linguistic, and psycholinguistic data, and models. Foundational reference for the current state of the field of the neurobiology of language Enables brain and language researchers and students to remain up-to-date in this fast-moving field that crosses many disciplinary and subdisciplinary boundaries Provides an accessible entry point for other scientists interested in the area, but not actively working in it – e.g., speech therapists, neurologists, and cognitive psychologists Chapters authored by world leaders in the field – the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Cerebellum and Cognition

The Cerebellum and Cognition
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-10-02
  • Total pages :665
  • ISBN : 0080857752
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Summary : The Cerebellum and Cognition pulls together a preeminent group of authors. The cerebellum has been previously considered as a highly complex structure involved only with motor control. The cerebellum is essential to nonmotor functions, and recent research has revealed new medically important roles of the cerebellum and cognitive processes. Selected for inclusion in Doody's Core Titles 2013, an essential collection development tool for health sciences libraries Comprehensive coverage of cerebellum in motor control and cognition New developments regarding the cerebellum and motor systems Therapeutic implications of cerebellar contributions to cognition Preeminent group of contributors

The Handbook of the Neuropsychology of Language, 2 Volume Set

The Handbook of the Neuropsychology of Language, 2 Volume Set
  • Author : Miriam Faust
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-15
  • Total pages :1056
  • ISBN : 9781119050469
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Summary : This handbook provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of the relationship between the brain and language, from the perspectives of both basic research and clinical neuroscience. Includes contributions from an international team of leading figures in brain–language research Features a novel emphasis on state–of–the–art methodologies and their application to the central questions in the brain–language relationship Incorporates research on all parts of language, from syntax and semantics to spoken and written language Covers a wide range of issues, including basic level and high level linguistic functions, individual differences, and neurologically intact and different clinical populations

Neuroanatomy for Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Neuroanatomy for Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
  • Author : Matthew H Rouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-30
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9781284151060
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Summary : Neuroanatomy for Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Second Edition is specifically tailored to the needs of Communication Sciences and Disorders students. Updated with the latest research, it includes foundational knowledge of general neuroanatomy with a focus that is relevant to both audience

The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language

The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language
  • Author : Keith Allan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-08
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780198808190
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Summary : This volume brings together experts from a wide range of disciplines to define and describe tabooed words and language and to investigate the reasons and beliefs behind them. In general, taboo is defined as a proscription of behaviour for a specific community, time, and context. In terms of language, taboo applies to instances of language behaviour: the use of certain words in certain contexts. The existence of linguistic taboos and their management lead to the censoring of behaviour and, as a consequence, to language change and development. Chapters in this volume explore the multiple types of tabooed language from a variety of perspectives, such as sociolinguistics, anthropology, philosophy, psychology, historical linguistics, and neurolinguistics, and with reference to fields such as law, publishing, politics, and advertising. Topics covered include impoliteness, swearing, censorship, taboo in deaf communities, translation of tabooed words, and the use of taboo in banter and comedy.

Neural Mechanisms of Language

Neural Mechanisms of Language
  • Author : Maria Mody
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-24
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : 9781493973255
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Summary : This important volume brings together significant findings on the neural bases of spoken language –its processing, use, and organization, including its phylogenetic roots. Employing a potent mix of conceptual and neuroimaging-based approaches, contributors delve deeply into specialized structures of the speech system, locating sensory and cognitive mechanisms involved in listening and comprehension, grasping meanings and storing memories. The novel perspectives revise familiar models by tracing linguistic interactions within and between neural systems, homing in on the brain’s semantic network, exploring the neuroscience behind bilingualism and multilingual fluency, and even making a compelling case for a more nuanced participation of the motor system in speech. From these advances, readers have a more three-dimensional picture of the brain—its functional epicenters, its connections, and the whole—as the seat of language in both wellness and disorders. Included in the topics: · The interaction between storage and computation in morphosyntactic processing. · The role of language in structure-dependent cognition. · Multisensory integration in speech processing: neural mechanisms of cross-modal after-effect. · A neurocognitive view of the bilingual brain. · Causal modeling: methods and their application to speech and language. · A word in the hand: the gestural origins of language. Neural Mechanisms of Language presents a sophisticated mix of detail and creative approaches to understanding brain structure and function, giving neuropsychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, developmental psychologists, cognitive psychologists, and speech/language pathologists new windows onto the research shaping their respective fields.

Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain

Human Language and Our Reptilian Brain
  • Author : Philip Lieberman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 0674040228
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Summary : This book is an entry into the fierce current debate among psycholinguists, neuroscientists, and evolutionary theorists about the nature and origins of human language. A prominent neuroscientist here takes up the Darwinian case, using data seldom considered by psycholinguists and neurolinguists to argue that human language--though more sophisticated than all other forms of animal communication--is not a qualitatively different ability from all forms of animal communication, does not require a quantum evolutionary leap to explain it, and is not unified in a single language instinct. Using clinical evidence from speech-impaired patients, functional neuroimaging, and evolutionary biology to make his case, Philip Lieberman contends that human language is not a single separate module but a functional neurological system made up of many separate abilities. Language remains as it began, Lieberman argues: a device for coping with the world. But in a blow to human narcissism, he makes the case that this most remarkable human ability is a by-product of our remote reptilian ancestors' abilities to dodge hazards, seize opportunities, and live to see another day.

Concise Encyclopedia of Brain and Language

Concise Encyclopedia of Brain and Language
  • Author : Harry A. Whitaker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-08
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 0080964990
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Summary : This volume descibes, in up-to-date terminology and authoritative interpretation, the field of neurolinguistics, the science concerned with the neural mechanisms underlying the comprehension, production and abstract knowledge of spoken, signed or written language. An edited anthology of 165 articles from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2nd edition, Encyclopedia of Neuroscience 4th Edition and Encyclopedia of the Neorological Sciences and Neurological Disorders, it provides the most comprehensive one-volume reference solution for scientists working with language and the brain ever published. Authoritative review of this dynamic field placed in an interdisciplinary context Approximately 165 articles by leaders in the field Compact and affordable single-volume format

The Cerebellum: From Embryology to Diagnostic Investigations

The Cerebellum: From Embryology to Diagnostic Investigations
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-08
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9780444639578
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Summary : The Cerebellum: From Embryology to Diagnostic Investigations, Volume 154 is designed to update the reader on the latest and clinically relevant advances in the study of cerebellar diseases in children and adults. It is organized into sections detailing: (1) Embryology, Anatomy and Function, and (2) Diagnostic investigations: Neuroimaging, and includes content on conventional sequences, diffusion tensor imaging, functional MRI, and connectivity studies. Its companion volume, The Cerebellum: Disorders and Treatment, describes disorders (starting from the fetal cerebellum, to adult cerebellum) encountered during daily practice and therapy (including insights into innovative drug and rehabilitative approaches to treat children and adults with cerebellar disorders). Provides an in-depth understanding of the cerebellum and its involvement in a wide variety of diseases Explores the long-term outcome data of pediatric cerebellar diseases and potential problems in adult life for patients with pediatric cerebellar diseases Features chapters co-authored by two experts, combining expertise in both pediatric and adult cerebellar diseases

How the Brain Evolved Language

How the Brain Evolved Language
  • Author : Donald Loritz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-02-28
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9780190287986
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Summary : How can an infinite number of sentences be generated from one human mind? How did language evolve in apes? In this book Donald Loritz addresses these and other fundamental and vexing questions about language, cognition, and the human brain. He starts by tracing how evolution and natural adaptation selected certain features of the brain to perform communication functions, then shows how those features developed into designs for human language. The result -- what Loritz calls an adaptive grammar -- gives a unified explanation of language in the brain and contradicts directly (and controversially) the theory of innateness proposed by, among others, Chomsky and Pinker.

Neural Control of Speech

Neural Control of Speech
  • Author : Frank H. Guenther
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-22
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9780262034715
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Summary : A comprehensive and unified account of the neural computations underlying speech production, offering a theoretical framework bridging the behavioral and the neurological literatures.

Biological Perspectives on Language

Biological Perspectives on Language
  • Author : Re Roch Lecours
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :417
  • ISBN : 0262031019
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Summary : Profoundly influenced by the analyses, of contemporary linguistics, these original contributions bring a number of different views to bear on important issues in a controversial area of study. The linguistic structures and language-related processes the book deals with are for the most part central (syntactic structures, phonological representations, semantic readings) rather than peripheral (acousticphonetic structures and the perception and production of these structures) aspects of language. Each section contains a summarizing introduction.Section I takes up issues at the interface of linguistics and neurology: The Concept of a Mental Organ for Language; Neural Mechanisms, Aphasia, and Theories of Language; Brain-based and Non-brain-based Models of Language; Vocal Learning and Its Relation to Replaceable Synapses and Neurons.Section II presents linguistic and psycholinguistic issues: Aspects of Infant Competence and the Acquisition of Language; the Linguistic Analysis of Aphasic Syndromes; the Clinical Description of Aphasia (Linguistic Aspects); The Psycholinguistic Interpretation of Aphasias; The Organization of Processing Structure for Language Production; and The Neuropsychology of Bilingualism.Section III deals with neural issues: Where is the Speech Area and Who has Seen It? Determinants of Recovery from Aphasia; Anatomy of Language; Lessons from Comparative Anatomy; Event Related Potentials and Language; Neural Models and Very Little About Language.David Caplan, M.D. edited Biological Studies of Mental Processes (MIT Press 1980), and is a member of the editorial staff of two prestigious journals, Cognition and Brain & Behavorial Sciences, He works at the Montreal Neurological Institute. André Roch Lecours is Professor of Neurology and Allan Smith Professor of Physiology, both at the University of Montreal. The book is in the series, Studies in Neuropsychology and Neurolinguistics.

Studies in Neurolinguistics

Studies in Neurolinguistics
  • Author : Haiganoosh Whitaker,Harry A Whitaker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-10
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9781483265407
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Summary : Studies in Neurolinguistics, Volume 2 provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of neurolinguistics, which represent a synthesis of the brain sciences, the behavioral sciences, and the clinical sciences. This book discusses the interesting problems of neurolinguistics. Organized into eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of neurolinguistic analysis of a rare form of language impairment identified as mixed transcortical aphasia. This text then explains spoken language, reading ability, and writing ability in terms of both psychological and linguistic measures. Other chapters consider a theoretical discussion with supporting evidence which concludes that there is a common relationship between sequential movements of the upper limbs and verbal expression. This book discusses as well the linguistic properties of the right hemisphere and the nonlinguistic properties of the left hemisphere. The final chapter deals with analyzing evidence on cerebral localization and the linguistic features of the alexias. This book is a valuable resource for clinical neurologists, psychologists, and speech pathologists.

The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism

The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism
  • Author : Franco Fabbro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-24
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781134840212
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Summary : This book introduces the reader to both neurolinguistics per se and the neuropsychological aspects of bilingualism. Neurolinguistics may roughly be defined as a subset of neuropsychology, namely the study of the representation and processing of language in the brain. To this effect, the first chapters of the book focus on the basic neuropsychology of language processing and acquisition. The second half of the book addresses the issues of cerebral representation and processing of language in bi-or multilingual subjects. All aspects are systematically dealt with, namely the definition of bilingualism; an analysis of all the issues related to bilingual aphasia, i.e. patterns of recovery of the patients' carious languages in diverse population; an investigation of the methodologies used in the study of the neuropsychological aspects of the various linguistic functions, such as comprehension, production and translation; and lastly, the issues of cerebral lateralization and neuroanatomical localization of the numerous cortical and subcortical structures subserving the various language system components in multilingual subjects. It is an excellent introduction to both the neuropsychology of language and the phenomena related to bilingualism. This book will be of particular interest to students of language therapy, aphasiology, applied psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics and, in general, to students of medicine who wish to become more knowledgeable about the specific needs of patients in a multilingual society.

Components of the Language-Ready Brain

Components of the Language-Ready Brain
  • Author : Cedric Boeckx,Antonio Benítez-Burraco
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-09
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889198931
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Summary : This volume highlights new avenues of research in the language sciences, and particularly, in the neurobiology of language. The term “language-ready brain” stresses, on the one hand, the importance of a brain-based description of our species’ linguistic capacity, and, on the other, the need to appreciate the crucial role culture plays in shaping the linguistic systems children acquire and adults use. For this reason, the focus is not put on language per se, but on our learning biases and cognitive pre-dispositions toward language. Both brain and culture are considered at two crucial levels of inquiry: phylogeny and ontogeny. In a fast-growing field like the language sciences and specifically, language evolution studies, this book has tried to capture several of the most exciting topics explored currently, sowing seeds for future investigations.

Science

Science
  • Author : John Michels
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1891
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924057688362
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Summary : Since Jan. 1901 the official proceedings and most of the papers of the American Association for the Advancement of Science have been included in Science.

Translational Neuroscience of Speech and Language Disorders

Translational Neuroscience of Speech and Language Disorders
  • Author : Georgios P. D. Argyropoulos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-27
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9783030356873
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Summary : This book provides the first presentation of the state-of-the-art in the application of modern Neuroscience research in predicting, preventing and alleviating the negative sequelae of neurodevelopmental, acquired, or neurodegenerative brain abnormalities on speech and language. To this end, this edited volume brings together contributions from several leading experts in a markedly broad range of disciplines, comprising Neurology, Neurosurgery, Genetics, Engineering, Neuroimaging and Neurostimulation, Neuropsychology, and Speech and Language Therapy.

Advanced Brain Neuroimaging Topics in Health and Disease

Advanced Brain Neuroimaging Topics in Health and Disease
  • Author : Dorina Papageorgiou,George Christopoulos,Stelios Smirnakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-31
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9789535112037
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Summary : The brain is the most complex computational device we know, consisting of highly interacting and redundant networks of areas, supporting specific brain functions. The rules by which these areas organize themselves to perform specific computations have only now started to be uncovered. Advances in non-invasive neuroimaging technologies have revolutionized our understanding of the functional anatomy of cortical circuits in health and disease states, which is the focus of this book. The first section of this book focuses on methodological issues, such as combining functional MRI technology with other brain imaging modalities. The second section examines the application of brain neuroimaging to understand cognitive, visual, auditory, motor and decision-making networks, as well as neurological diseases. The use of non-invasive neuroimaging technologies will continue to stimulate an exponential growth in understanding basic brain processes, largely as a result of sustained advances in neuroimaging methods and applications.

Language, Music, and the Brain

Language, Music, and the Brain
  • Author : Michael A. Arbib
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-28
  • Total pages :662
  • ISBN : 9780262018104
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Summary : A presentation of music and language within an integrative, embodied perspective of brain mechanisms for action, emotion, and social coordination. This book explores the relationships between language, music, and the brain by pursuing four key themes and the crosstalk among them: song and dance as a bridge between music and language; multiple levels of structure from brain to behavior to culture; the semantics of internal and external worlds and the role of emotion; and the evolution and development of language. The book offers specially commissioned expositions of current research accessible both to experts across disciplines and to non-experts. These chapters provide the background for reports by groups of specialists that chart current controversies and future directions of research on each theme. The book looks beyond mere auditory experience, probing the embodiment that links speech to gesture and music to dance. The study of the brains of monkeys and songbirds illuminates hypotheses on the evolution of brain mechanisms that support music and language, while the study of infants calibrates the developmental timetable of their capacities. The result is a unique book that will interest any reader seeking to learn more about language or music and will appeal especially to readers intrigued by the relationships of language and music with each other and with the brain. Contributors Francisco Aboitiz, Michael A. Arbib, Annabel J. Cohen, Ian Cross, Peter Ford Dominey, W. Tecumseh Fitch, Leonardo Fogassi, Jonathan Fritz, Thomas Fritz, Peter Hagoort, John Halle, Henkjan Honing, Atsushi Iriki, Petr Janata, Erich Jarvis, Stefan Koelsch, Gina Kuperberg, D. Robert Ladd, Fred Lerdahl, Stephen C. Levinson, Jerome Lewis, Katja Liebal, Jônatas Manzolli, Bjorn Merker, Lawrence M. Parsons, Aniruddh D. Patel, Isabelle Peretz, David Poeppel, Josef P. Rauschecker, Nikki Rickard, Klaus Scherer, Gottfried Schlaug, Uwe Seifert, Mark Steedman, Dietrich Stout, Francesca Stregapede, Sharon Thompson-Schill, Laurel Trainor, Sandra E. Trehub, Paul Verschure

Functional Brain Mapping and the Endeavor to Understand the Working Brain

Functional Brain Mapping and the Endeavor to Understand the Working Brain
  • Author : Francesco Signorelli,Domenico Chirchiglia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-19
  • Total pages :524
  • ISBN : 9789535111603
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Summary : Functional brain mapping has by now gained a high impact on research and clinical practice: huge funds are unveiled all over the world in order to boost the research and clinical applications of this field of neuroscience. The most successful approach to unlock the mysteries of the brain, to tell it with Jay Ingram, is to bring together an interdisciplinary network of scientists and clinicians and encourage an interchange of ideas. It is this crossfire we try to promote with this book.