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The Measurement of Health and Health Status

The Measurement of Health and Health Status
  • Author : Paul Krabbe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-07
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9780128017203
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Summary : The Measurement of Health and Health Status: Concepts, Methods and Applications from a Multidisciplinary Perspective presents a unifying perspective on how to select the best measurement framework for any situation. Serving as a one-stop shop that unifies material currently available in various locations, this book illuminates the intuition behind each method, explaining how each method has special purposes, what developments are occurring, and how new combinations among methods might be relevant to specific situations. It especially emphasizes the measurement of health and health states (quality-of-life), giving significant attention to newly developed methods. The book introduces technically complex, new methods for both introductory and technically-proficient readers. Assumes that the best measure depends entirely on the situation Covers preference-based methods, classical test theory, and item response theory Features illustrations and animations drawn from diverse fields and disciplines

The Measurement of Health and Health Status

The Measurement of Health and Health Status
  • Author : Paul Krabbe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-01
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 0128015047
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Summary : "The Measurement of Health and Health Status: Concepts, Methods and Applications from a Multidisciplinary Perspective "presents a unifying perspective on how to select the best measurement framework for any situation. Serving as a one-stop shop that unifies material currently available in various locations, this book illuminates the intuition behind each method, explaining how each method has special purposes, what developments are occurring, and how new combinations among methods might be relevant to specific situations. It especially emphasizes the measurement of health and health states (quality-of-life), giving significant attention to newly developed methods. By including online animations and data sets, the book introduces technically complex, new methods for both introductory and technically-proficient readers. Assumes that the best measure depends entirely on the situationCovers preference-based methods, classical test theory, and item response theoryFeatures illustrations and animations drawn from diverse fields and disciplines

The Measurement of Health

The Measurement of Health
  • Author : James S. Larson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :175
  • ISBN : 0313273391
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Summary : As health care costs rise, it becomes imperative that methods of measuring health improve. Only then can health care programs for both populations and individuals be designed effectively. This volume offers a summary of the concepts and indicators in health measurement to date on the international, national, state, and local levels, and proposes new measurement criteria which can serve as a firm basis for further study by researchers, academics, and health professionals.

Outcome Measures for Health Education and Other Health Care Interventions

Outcome Measures for Health Education and Other Health Care Interventions
  • Author : Kate Lorig,Anita Stewart,Philip Ritter,John Lynch,Virginia Gonzalez,Diana Laurent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-04-18
  • Total pages :99
  • ISBN : 0761900675
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Summary : Although Outcome Measurement has become an important tool in the evaluation of health promotion patient education and other health services interventions, problems remain in locating reliable measurements and scales. This book provides a unique compilation of more than 50 self-administered scales for measuring health behaviors, health status, self-efficacy, and health-care utilization.

Performance Measurement for Health System Improvement

Performance Measurement for Health System Improvement
  • Author : Peter C. Smith,Elias Mossialos,Irene Papanicolas,Sheila Leatherman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-07
  • Total pages :748
  • ISBN : 9781139483933
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Summary : In a world where there is increasing demand for the performance of health providers to be measured, there is a need for a more strategic vision of the role that performance measurement can play in securing health system improvement. This volume meets this need by presenting the opportunities and challenges associated with performance measurement in a framework that is clear and easy to understand. It examines the various levels at which health system performance is undertaken, the technical instruments and tools available, and the implications using these may have for those charged with the governance of the health system. Technical material is presented in an accessible way and is illustrated with examples from all over the world. Performance Measurement for Health System Improvement is an authoritative and practical guide for policy makers, regulators, patient groups and researchers.

Summarizing Population Health

Summarizing Population Health
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Summary Measures of Population Health
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-05-01
  • Total pages :92
  • ISBN : 9780309060998
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Summary :

Measures of Health Literacy

Measures of Health Literacy
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Roundtable on Health Literacy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-30
  • Total pages :142
  • ISBN : 9780309139809
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Summary : Health literacy--the ability for individuals to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services to facilitate appropriate health decisions--is increasingly recognized as an important facet of health care and health outcomes. Although research on health literacy has grown tremendously in the past decade, there is no widely agreed-upon framework for health literacy as a determinant of health outcomes. Most instruments focus on assessing an individual's health literacy, yet the scope of health literacy reaches far beyond an individual's skills and abilities. Health literacy occurs in the context of the health care system, and therefore measures of health literacy must also assess the demands and complexities of the health care systems with which patients interact. For example, measures are needed to determine how well the system has been organized so that it can be navigated by individuals with different levels of health literacy and how well health organizations are doing at making health information understandable and actionable. To examine what is known about measures of health literacy, the Institute of Medicine convened a workshop. The workshop, summarized in this volume, reviews the current status of measures of health literacy, including those used in the health care setting; discusses possible surrogate measures that might be used to assess health literacy; and explores ways in which health literacy measures can be used to assess patient-centered approaches to care.

Measuring the Quality of Health Care

Measuring the Quality of Health Care
  • Author : The National Roundtable on Health Care Quality,Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-02-23
  • Total pages :9
  • ISBN : 9780309570688
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Summary : The National Roundtable on Health Care Quality was established in 1995 by the Institute of Medicine. The Roundtable consists of experts formally appointed through procedures of the National Research Council (NRC) who represent both public and private-sector perspectives and appropriate areas of substantive expertise (not organizations). From the public sector, heads of appropriate Federal agencies serve. It offers a unique, nonadversarial environment to explore ongoing rapid changes in the medical marketplace and the implications of these changes for the quality of health and health care in this nation. The Roundtable has a liaison panel focused on quality of care in managed care organizations. The Roundtable convenes nationally prominent representatives of the private and public sector (regional, state and federal), academia, patients, and the health media to analyze unfolding issues concerning quality, to hold workshops and commission papers on significant topics, and when appropriate, to produce periodic statements for the nation on quality of care matters. By providing a structured opportunity for regular communication and interaction, the Roundtable fosters candid discussion among individuals who represent various sides of a given issue.

Child and Adolescent Health and Health Care Quality

Child and Adolescent Health and Health Care Quality
  • Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Pediatric Health and Health Care Quality Measures
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-15
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780309186230
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Summary : Increasing public investments in health care services for low-income and special needs children and adolescents in the United States have raised questions about whether these efforts improve their health outcomes. Yet it is difficult to assess the general health status and health care quality for younger populations, especially those at risk of poor health outcomes, because the United States has no national information system that can provide timely, comprehensive, and reliable indicators in these areas for children and adolescents. Without such a system in place, it is difficult to know whether and how selected health care initiatives and programs contribute to children's health status. Child and Adolescent Health and Health Care Quality identifies key advances in the development of pediatric health and health care quality measures, examines the capacity of existing federal data sets to support these measures, and considers related research activities focused on the development of new measures to address current gaps. This book posits the need for a comprehensive strategy to make better use of existing data, to integrate different data sources, and to develop new data sources and collection methods for unique populations. Child and Adolescent Health and Health Care Quality looks closely at three areas: the nature, scope, and quality of existing data sources; gaps in measurement areas; and methodological areas that deserve attention. Child and Adolescent Health and Health Care Quality makes recommendations for improving and strengthening the timeliness, quality, public transparency, and accessibility of information on child health and health care quality. This book will be a vital resource for health officials at the local, state, and national levels, as well as private and public health care organizations and researchers.

Health Status Measurement

Health Status Measurement
  • Author : Crispin Jenkinson,Hannah M. McGee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :98
  • ISBN : 1857752287
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Summary : This book introduces the terminology used in the growing field of subjective health status measurement as well as the issues to be considered when using this form of assessment.

Metrics That Matter for Population Health Action

Metrics That Matter for Population Health Action
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Roundtable on Population Health Improvement
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-28
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9780309391566
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Summary : In times of rapid change and constrained resources, measures that are important, focused, and reliable are vital. However there is an overabundance of measures available for evaluating various aspects of population health and previous efforts to simplify existing sets to meet the needs of all decision makers have been unsuccessful. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to explore the status and uses of measures and measurement in the work of improving population health. Participants explored existing and emerging population health metric sets and characteristics of metrics necessary for stakeholder action across multiple sectors. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

The Oxford Handbook of Health Economics

The Oxford Handbook of Health Economics
  • Author : Sherry Glied,Peter C. Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-07
  • Total pages :967
  • ISBN : 9780199238828
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Summary : This book provides an engaging, comprehensive review of health economics, with a focus on policy implications in the developed and developing world. Authoritative, but non-technical, it stresses the wide reach of the discipline - across nations, health systems, and areas within health and medical care.

Measuring Health

Measuring Health
  • Author : Bowling, Ann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-10-01
  • Total pages :211
  • ISBN : 9780335215270
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Summary : This book offers a comprehensive guide to measures of health and is an essential reference resource for all health professionals and students.

Health Inequality

Health Inequality
  • Author : Yukiko Asada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 9780802092441
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Summary : In the last decade, there has been an explosion of academic interest in health inequality. Although it is seldom stated explicitly, research into this area is inexorably tied to questions of morality and ethics. In this study, Yukiko Asada seeks to acknowledge the role that morality and theories of justice play in health inequality research, and to articulate the moral philosophy underlying this field of inquiry. Comprised of two distinct parts, Health Inequality first proposes a framework for measuring health inequality reflecting moral concern, then goes on to show how this framework can be applied to quantitative study. Using a specific time period as a case study, Asada questions whether or not health equity improved in the United States between 1990 and 1995. She suggests that the question of whether, and by how much, health inequity changed in the United States is dependent on the morality and accompanying empirical strategy used in the analysis. A unique blend of philosophy and quantitative research, Health Inequality will prove a valuable tool for academics and policymakers alike.

Improving Health in the Community

Improving Health in the Community
  • Author : Committee on Using Performance Monitoring to Improve Community Health,Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-05-05
  • Total pages :457
  • ISBN : 9780309520812
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Summary : How do communities protect and improve the health of their populations? Health care is part of the answer but so are environmental protections, social and educational services, adequate nutrition, and a host of other activities. With concern over funding constraints, making sure such activities are efficient and effective is becoming a high priority. Improving Health in the Community explains how population-based performance monitoring programs can help communities point their efforts in the right direction. Within a broad definition of community health, the committee addresses factors surrounding the implementation of performance monitoring and explores the "why" and "how to" of establishing mechanisms to monitor the performance of those who can influence community health. The book offers a policy framework, applies a multidimensional model of the determinants of health, and provides sets of prototype performance indicators for specific health issues. Improving Health in the Community presents an attainable vision of a process that can achieve community-wide health benefits.

Health Status and Health Policy

Health Status and Health Policy
  • Author : Donald L. Patrick,Professor of Health Services Donald L Patrick, PH.D.,Pennifer Erickson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : UOM:49015001483412
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Summary : This book has two major objectives. The first is to propose the Health Resource Allocation Strategy as a social and political process for comparing costs and outcomes of alternative policy options in the health and medical care arena to select interventions with greatest benefit in relation to cost. The second objective is to provide a reference for state-ofthe-art development and application of health status and quality of life measures for health care policy and research, including clinical applications. Not all policy applications of health- related quality of life involve resource allocation. Thus we present guidelines to assessment for use in program evaluation, monitoring of health policy, clinical trials, and health services research.

Vital Signs

Vital Signs
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Core Metrics for Better Health at Lower Cost
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-26
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9780309324960
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Summary : Thousands of measures are in use today to assess health and health care in the United States. Although many of these measures provide useful information, their usefulness in either gauging or guiding performance improvement in health and health care is seriously limited by their sheer number, as well as their lack of consistency, compatibility, reliability, focus, and organization. To achieve better health at lower cost, all stakeholders - including health professionals, payers, policy makers, and members of the public - must be alert to what matters most. What are the core measures that will yield the clearest understanding and focus on better health and well-being for Americans? Vital Signs explores the most important issues - healthier people, better quality care, affordable care, and engaged individuals and communities - and specifies a streamlined set of 15 core measures. These measures, if standardized and applied at national, state, local, and institutional levels across the country, will transform the effectiveness, efficiency, and burden of health measurement and help accelerate focus and progress on our highest health priorities. Vital Signs also describes the leadership and activities necessary to refine, apply, maintain, and revise the measures over time, as well as how they can improve the focus and utility of measures outside the core set. If health care is to become more effective and more efficient, sharper attention is required on the elements most important to health and health care. Vital Signs lays the groundwork for the adoption of core measures that, if systematically applied, will yield better health at a lower cost for all Americans.

Fitness Measures and Health Outcomes in Youth

Fitness Measures and Health Outcomes in Youth
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on Fitness Measures and Health Outcomes in Youth
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-10
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 9780309262842
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Summary : Physical fitness affects our ability to function and be active. At poor levels, it is associated with such health outcomes as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Physical fitness testing in American youth was established on a large scale in the 1950s with an early focus on performance-related fitness that gradually gave way to an emphasis on health-related fitness. Using appropriately selected measures to collected fitness data in youth will advance our understanding of how fitness among youth translates into better health. In Fitness Measures and Health Outcomes in Youth, the IOM assesses the relationship between youth fitness test items and health outcomes, recommends the best fitness test items, provides guidance for interpreting fitness scores, and provides an agenda for needed research. The report concludes that selected cardiorespiratory endurance, musculoskeletal fitness, and body composition measures should be in fitness surveys and in schools. Collecting fitness data nationally and in schools helps with setting and achieving fitness goals and priorities for public health at an individual and national level.

Health System Efficiency

Health System Efficiency
  • Author : Jonathan Cylus,Irene Papanicolas,Peter C. Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-15
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9289050411
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Summary : In this book the authors explore the state of the art on efficiency measurement in health systems and international experts offer insights into the pitfalls and potential associated with various measurement techniques. The authors show that: - The core idea of efficiency is easy to understand in principle - maximizing valued outputs relative to inputs, but is often difficult to make operational in real-life situations - There have been numerous advances in data collection and availability, as well as innovative methodological approaches that give valuable insights into how efficiently health care is delivered - Our simple analytical framework can facilitate the development and interpretation of efficiency indicators.

The Demography of Health and Health Care (second edition)

The Demography of Health and Health Care (second edition)
  • Author : Louis G. Pol,Richard K. Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-04-11
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9780306473760
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Summary : This is a thoroughgoing revision of the first edition of this classic text and reference, published by Plenum in 1992. The authors convey the general principles that underlie this applied subdiscipline and demonstrate how the merging of demography and health care impacts on the planning processes of a range of health care organizations.

The New Public Health

The New Public Health
  • Author : Theodore H. Tulchinsky,Elena A. Varavikova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-26
  • Total pages :912
  • ISBN : 9780124157675
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Summary : The New Public Health has established itself as a solid textbook throughout the world. Translated into 7 languages, this work distinguishes itself from other public health textbooks, which are either highly locally oriented or, if international, lack the specificity of local issues relevant to students' understanding of applied public health in their own setting. This 3e provides a unified approach to public health appropriate for all masters' level students and practitioners—specifically for courses in MPH programs, community health and preventive medicine programs, community health education programs, and community health nursing programs, as well as programs for other medical professionals such as pharmacy, physiotherapy, and other public health courses. Changes in infectious and chronic disease epidemiology including vaccines, health promotion, human resources for health and health technology Lessons from H1N1, pandemic threats, disease eradication, nutritional health Trends of health systems and reforms and consequences of current economic crisis for health Public health law, ethics, scientific d health technology advances and assessment Global Health environment, Millennium Development Goals and international NGOs