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The Mechanisms of Metallurgical Failure

The Mechanisms of Metallurgical Failure
  • Author : John Campbell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-21
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780128226797
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Summary : Metallurgy of Fracture: The Mechanics of Metal Failure looks at the origin of metal defects, their related mechanisms of failure, and the modification of casting procedures to eliminate these defects, clearly connecting the strength and durability of metals with their fabrication process. The book starts with a focus on the fracture of liquids, looking at topics such as homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation, entrainment processes in bifilms and bubbles, furling and unfurling, ingot casting, continuous casting, and more. From there it discusses fracture of liquid and solid state, focusing on topics such as externally and internally initiated tearing. The book then concludes with a section discussing fracture of solid metals covering concepts such as ductility and brittleness, dislocation mechanisms, the relationship between the microstructure and properties of metals, corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and more. Improved approaches to fabrication and casting processes that will help eliminate these defects are provided throughout. Looks at how the fracture of metals originates in the liquid-state due to poor casting practices Offers improved casting techniques to reduce liquid-state borne fracture Draws attention to the parallels between fracture initiation in the liquid and solid states Covers spall tests and how to improve material quality by hot isostatic pressing

Metal Failures

Metal Failures
  • Author : Arthur J. McEvily,Jirapong Kasivitamnuay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-16
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9781118163962
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Summary : One of the only texts available to cover not only how failure occurs but also examine methods developed to expose the reasons for failure, Metal Failures has long been considered the most definitive and authoritative resources in metallurgical failure analysis. Now in a completely revised edition, this Second Edition features updates of all chapters plus new coverage of elastic behavior and plastic deformation, localized necking, the phenomenological aspects of fatigue, fatigue crack propagation, alloys and coatings, tensors and tensor notations, and much more.

Metal Failures

Metal Failures
  • Author : A. J. McEvily
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 0471414360
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Summary : comprehensive coverage of both the "how" and "why" of metal failures Metal Failures gives engineers the intellectual tools and practical understanding needed to analyze failures from a structural point of view. Its proven methods of examination and analysis enable investigators to: * Reach correct, fact-based conclusions on the causes of metal failures * Present and defend these conclusions before highly critical bodies * Suggest design improvements that may prevent future failures Analytical methods presented include stress analysis, fracture mechanics, fatigue analysis, corrosion science, and nondestructive testing. Numerous case studies illustrate the application of basic principles of metallurgy and failure analysis to a wide variety of real-world situations. Readers learn how to investigate and analyze failures that involve: * Alloys and coatings * Brittle and ductile fractures * Thermal and residual stresses * Creep and fatigue * Corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and stress-corrosion cracking This useful professional reference is also an excellent learning tool for senior-level students in mechanical, materials, and civil engineering.

Metallurgy of Failure Analysis

Metallurgy of Failure Analysis
  • Author : A. K. Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 0070158045
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Summary : Complete Investigative Toolkit for Metal Failure-Design or Process Whether the problem is corrosion on the working surfaces of valuable or life-essential machinery, breakdowns in linchpin equipment, or life-threatening faults in air- or spacecraft, the causes must be found so that future disasters may be prevented. Metallurgy of Failure Analysis puts the tools for finding the answers in your hands. A complete guide to all types of metal failure, both design and process, it features: coverage of faults due to casting, forging, welding, machining, and heat treatment; analysis of the concepts and mechanisms of fatigue, stress corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and more; remedial measure for corrosion, overload, fatigue, and wear; investigative procedures including destructive, nondestructive, and fractographic analysis.

Failure Mechanisms in Alloys

Failure Mechanisms in Alloys
  • Author : George A. Pantazopoulos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-19
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9783039282760
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Summary : The era of lean production and excellence in manufacturing, advancing with sustainable development, demands the rational utilization of raw materials and energy resources, adopting cleaner and environmentally-friendly industrial processes. In view of the new industrial revolution, through digital transformation, the exploitation of smart and sophisticated materials systems, the need of minimizing scrap and increasing efficiency, reliability and lifetime and, on the other hand, the pursuit of fuel economy and limitation of carbon footprint, are necessary conditions for the imminent growth in a highly competitive economy. Failure analysis is an interdisciplinary scientific topic, reflecting the opinions and interpretations coming from a systematic evidence-gathering procedure, embracing various important sectors, imparting knowledge, and substantiating improvement practices. The deep understanding of material/component role (e.g., rotating shaft, extrusion die, gas pipeline) and properties will be of central importance for fitness for purpose in certain industrial processes and applications. Finally, it is hoped and strongly believed that the accumulation of additional knowledge in the field of failure mechanisms and the adoption of the principles, philosophy, and deep understanding of failure analysis process approach will strongly promote the learning concept, as a continuously evolving process leading to personal and social progress and prosperity.

Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture

Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture
  • Author : Alan F. Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9781615032525
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Summary :

Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials

Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials
  • Author : Charles R. Brooks,Ashok Choudhury
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : 0071357580
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Summary : This text introduces the important aspects associated with the failure analysis of engineering components; and provides a treatment of both macroscopic and microscopic observations of fracture surfaces. --

Fatigue of Metals

Fatigue of Metals
  • Author : P. G. Forrest
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9781483160733
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Summary : Fatigue of Metals provides a general account of the failure of metals due to fatigue, a subject of great practical importance in the field of engineering and metallurgy. The book covers a wide range of topics on the study of the fatigue of metals. The text presents in the first three chapters the characteristics and detection of fatigue fractures; methods of fatigue testing; and the fatigue strengths of different materials. The resistance of materials to fatigue under complex stress; the determination and effects of stress concentration; influence of surface treatment on fatigue strength; and effects of corrosion and temperature are also studied in detail. In relation to the previous chapters of fatigue information, a chapter is devoted to engineering design to prevent fatigue. The last two chapters provide a brief historical survey of the developments of the study of the mechanism of fatigue and fatigue of non-metallic materials such as wood, plastic, rubber, glass, and concrete. Mechanical engineers, designers, metallurgists, researchers, and students will find the book as a good reference material.

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Oil and Gas Industry

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Oil and Gas Industry
  • Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-01
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780081001264
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Summary : Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis: With Case Studies from the Oil and Gas Industry provides an updated understanding on why materials fail in specific situations, a vital element in developing and engineering new alternatives. This handbook covers analysis of materials failure in the oil and gas industry, where a single failed pipe can result in devastating consequences for people, wildlife, the environment, and the economy of a region. The book combines introductory sections on failure analysis with numerous real world case studies of pipelines and other types of materials failure in the oil and gas industry, including joint failure, leakage in crude oil storage tanks, failure of glass fibre reinforced epoxy pipes, and failure of stainless steel components in offshore platforms, amongst others. Introduces readers to modern analytical techniques in materials failure analysis Combines foundational knowledge with current research on the latest developments and innovations in the field Includes numerous compelling case studies of materials failure in oil and gas pipelines and drilling platforms

Failure Mechanisms of Advanced Welding Processes

Failure Mechanisms of Advanced Welding Processes
  • Author : X Sun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-15
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781845699765
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Summary : Many new, or relatively new, welding processes such as friction stir welding, resistance spot welding and laser welding are being increasingly adopted to replace or improve on traditional welding techniques. Before advanced welding techniques are employed, their potential failure mechanisms should be well understood and their suitability for welding particular metals and alloys in different situations should be assessed. Failure mechanisms of advanced welding processes provides a critical analysis of advanced welding techniques and their potential failure mechanisms. The book contains chapters on the following topics: Mechanics modelling of spot welds under general loading conditions and applications to fatigue life predictions, Resistance spot weld failure mode and weld performance for aluminium alloys, dual phase steels and TRIP steels, Fatigue behaviour of spot welded joints in steel sheets, Non-destructive evaluation of spot weld quality, Solid state joining - fundamentals of friction stir welding, Failure mechanisms in friction stir welds, Microstructure characteristics and mechanical properties of laser weld bonding of magnesium alloy to aluminium alloy, Fatigue in laser welds, Weld metal ductility and its influence on formability of tailor welded blanks, Joining of lightweight materials using reactive nanofoils, and Fatigue life prediction and improvements for MIG welded advanced high strength steel weldments. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Failure mechanisms of advanced welding processes is a standard reference text for anyone working in welding and the automotive, shipbuilding, oil and gas and other metal fabrication industries who use modern and advanced welding processes. Provides a critical analysis of advanced welding techniques and their potential failure mechanisms Experts in the field survey a range of welding processes and examine reactions under various types of loading conditions Examines the current state of fatigue life prediction of welded materials and structures in the context of spot welded joints and non-destructive evaluation of quality

Metal Fatigue

Metal Fatigue
  • Author : L.P. Pook
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-30
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 9781402055973
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Summary : This book presents important concepts in metal fatigue in a straightforward manner, for the benefit of readers who must understand more advanced documents on a wide range of metal fatigue topics. The text shows how metal fatigue problems are solved in engineering practice. The book assumes no prior knowledge of metal fatigue, requiring only a basic understanding of stress analysis and mathematics covered in engineering undergraduate courses.

Failure Analysis of Heat Treated Steel Components

Failure Analysis of Heat Treated Steel Components
  • Author : Lauralice de Campos Franceschini Canale,George E. Totten,Rafael A. Mesquita
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 9781615030989
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Summary :

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Fracture Mechanics, Winnipeg, Canada, August 23-26, 1987

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Fracture Mechanics, Winnipeg, Canada, August 23-26, 1987
  • Author : Metallurgical Society of CIM. Basic Sciences Section,Metallurgical Society of CIM. Materials Engineering Section,Canadian Committee for Research on the Strength and Fracture of Materials
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :339
  • ISBN : WISC:89014677314
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Summary :

Metallography in Failure Analysis

Metallography in Failure Analysis
  • Author : J. McCall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9781461328568
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Summary : Detailed analyses of failures of material components have proved to be valuable in many ways; by preventing further failures, by assessing the validity of designs and the selection of materials, by uncovering shortcomings in the processing of the materials in volved through characterizations of defects, and by revealing problems introduced during the manufacture or fabrication of the component. Increased recognition of the value of performing failure analyses has caused the field to develop into a very active area of tech nical endeavor. Failure analysis has been employed in numerous different technical dis ciplines and has proven beneficial. The increased activity has caused many new and im proved methods for performing these analyses to be developed. Among these are many methods which can be characterized as generally belonging to the field of metallography. In recognition of the important role that metallography plays in the performance of failure analyses, the absence of a text that specifically discusses this subject, and the be lief that communication of information on the subject would be of technical interest, The American Society for Metals and The International Metallographic Society co sponsored a symposium. The intent was to bring together world-recognized authorities working in various aspects of the failure analysis and metallographic fields to share meth ods they use, results they have obtained, and the purposes to which they utilized these results. The symposium, entitled "Metallography in Failure Analysis", was held in Hous ton, Texas, USA, July 17-18, 1977.

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Chemicals, Concrete and Power Industries

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Chemicals, Concrete and Power Industries
  • Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-07
  • Total pages :470
  • ISBN : 9780081001257
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Summary : Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis: With Case Studies from the Chemicals, Concrete and Power Industries provides an in-depth examination of materials failure in specific situations, a vital component in both developing and engineering new solutions. This handbook covers analysis of materials failure in the chemical, power, and structures arenas, where the failure of a single component can result in devastating consequences and costs. Material defects, mechanical failure as a result of improper design, corrosion, surface fracture, and other failure mechanisms are described in the context of real world case studies involving steam generators, boiler tubes, gas turbine blades, welded structures, chemical conversion reactors and more. This book is an indispensable reference for engineers and scientists studying the mechanisms of failure in these fields. Introduces readers to modern analytical techniques in materials failure analysis Combines foundational knowledge with current research on the latest developments and innovations in the field Includes many compelling case studies of materials failure in chemical processing plants, concrete structures, and power generation systems

Modern Physical Metallurgy

Modern Physical Metallurgy
  • Author : R. E. Smallman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-24
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9781483105970
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Summary : Modern Physical Metallurgy, Fourth Edition discusses the fundamentals and applications of physical metallurgy. The book is comprised of 15 chapters that cover the experimental background of a metallurgical phenomenon. The text first talks about the structure of atoms and crystals, and then proceeds to dealing with the physical examination of metals and alloys. The third chapter tackles the phase diagrams and solidifications, while the fourth chapter covers the thermodynamics of crystals. Next, the book discusses the structure of alloys. The next four chapters deal with the deformations and defects of crystals, metals, and alloys. Chapter 10 discusses work hardening and annealing, while Chapters 11 and 12 cover phase transformations. The succeeding two chapters talk about creep, fatigue, and fracture, while the last chapter covers oxidation and corrosion. The text will be of great use to undergraduate students of materials engineering and other degrees that deal with metallurgical properties.

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis
  • Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-27
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 9780081019290
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Summary : Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis: With Case Studies from the Construction Industry provides a thorough understanding of the reasons materials fail in certain situations, covering important scenarios including material defects, mechanical failure due to various causes, and improper material selection and/or corrosive environment. The book begins with a general overview of materials failure analysis and its importance, and then logically proceeds from a discussion of the failure analysis process, types of failure analysis, and specific tools and techniques, to chapters on analysis of materials failure from various causes. Failure can occur for several reasons, including: materials defects-related failure, materials design-related failure, or corrosion-related failures. The suitability of the materials to work in a definite environment is an important issue. The results of these failures can be catastrophic in the worst case scenarios, causing loss of life. This important reference covers the most common types of materials failure, and provides possible solutions. Provides the most up-to-date and balanced coverage of failure analysis, combining foundational knowledge and current research on the latest developments and innovations in the field Offers an ideal accompaniment for those interested in materials forensic investigation, failure of materials, static failure analysis, dynamic failure analysis, and fatigue life prediction Presents compelling new case studies from key industries to demonstrate concepts and to assist users in avoiding costly errors that could result in catastrophic events

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Aerospace and Automotive Industries

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Aerospace and Automotive Industries
  • Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-01
  • Total pages :524
  • ISBN : 9780128011775
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Summary : Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis: With Case Studies from the Aerospace and Automotive Industries provides a thorough understanding of the reasons materials fail in certain situations, covering important scenarios, including material defects, mechanical failure as a result of improper design, corrosion, surface fracture, and other environmental causes. The book begins with a general overview of materials failure analysis and its importance, and then logically proceeds from a discussion of the failure analysis process, types of failure analysis, and specific tools and techniques, to chapters on analysis of materials failure from various causes. Later chapters feature a selection of newer examples of failure analysis cases in such strategic industrial sectors as aerospace, oil & gas, and chemicals. Covers the most common types of materials failure, analysis, and possible solutions Provides the most up-to-date and balanced coverage of failure analysis, combining foundational knowledge, current research on the latest developments, and innovations in the field Ideal accompaniment for those interested in materials forensic investigation, failure of materials, static failure analysis, dynamic failure analysis, fatigue life prediction, rotorcraft, failure prediction, fatigue crack propagation, bevel pinion failure, gasketless flange, thermal barrier coatings Presents compelling new case studies from key industries to demonstrate concepts Highlights the role of site conditions, operating conditions at the time of failure, history of equipment and its operation, corrosion product sampling, metallurgical and electrochemical factors, and morphology of failure

Coatings for High-Temperature Structural Materials

Coatings for High-Temperature Structural Materials
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Coatings for High-Temperature Structural Materials
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-05-13
  • Total pages :102
  • ISBN : 9780309176026
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Summary : This book assesses the state of the art of coatings materials and processes for gas-turbine blades and vanes, determines potential applications of coatings in high-temperature environments, identifies needs for improved coatings in terms of performance enhancements, design considerations, and fabrication processes, assesses durability of advanced coating systems in expected service environments, and discusses the required inspection, repair, and maintenance methods. The promising areas for research and development of materials and processes for improved coating systems and the approaches to increased coating standardization are identified, with an emphasis on materials and processes with the potential for improved performance, quality, reproducibility, or manufacturing cost reduction.

Microcircuit Reliability Bibliography

Microcircuit Reliability Bibliography
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1978
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015004479013
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Summary :

Failure Investigation of Boiler Tubes: A Comprehensive Approach

Failure Investigation of Boiler Tubes: A Comprehensive Approach
  • Author : Paresh Haribhakti,P.B. Joshi, Rajendra Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781627081566
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Summary : Failures or forced shutdowns in power plants are often due to boilers, and particularly failure of boiler tubes. This comprehensive resource deals with the subject of failure investigation of boiler tubes from basic fundamentals to practical applications. Coverage includes properties and selection of materials for boiler tubes from a metallurgical view point, damage mechanisms responsible for failure of boiler tubes, and characterization techniques employed for investigating failures of boiler tubes in thermal power plants and utility boilers of industrial/commercial/institutional (ICI) boilers. A large number of case studies based on the actual failures from the field are described, along with photographs and microstructures to allow for easy comprehension of the theory behind the failures. This book is geared to practicing engineers and for studies in the major area of power plant engineering. For non-metallurgists, a chapter has been devoted to the basics of material science, metallurgy of steels, heat treatment, and structure-property correlation. A chapter on materials for boiler tubes covers composition and application of different grades of steels and high temperature alloys currently in use as boiler tubes and future materials to be used in supercritical, ultra-supercritical and advanced ultra-supercritical thermal power plants. A comprehensive discussion on different mechanisms of boiler tube failure is the heart of the book. Additional chapters detailing the role of advanced material characterization techniques in failure investigation and the role of water chemistry in tube failures are key contributions to the book. The authors have long-standing experience in the field of metallurgy and materials technology, failure investigation, remaining life assessment (RLA) and fitness for service (FFS) for industrial plant and equipment, including power plants. They have conducted a large number of failure investigations of boiler tubes and have recommended effective remedial measures in problem solving for power and utility boilers.