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The Prefrontal Cortex

The Prefrontal Cortex
  • Author : Joaquin M. Fuster,Joaquín M. Fuster,Professor Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences Joaquin M Fuster
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :333
  • ISBN : UOM:39015041356919
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Summary : (2E 1989) Covers chemical neurotransmission human & animal neuropsychology neuroimaging perception-action cycle etc.

Prefrontal Cortex

Prefrontal Cortex
  • Author : Ana Starcevic,Branislav Filipovic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-03
  • Total pages :132
  • ISBN : 9781789239034
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Summary : The prefrontal cortex reaches its greatest development in the human brain, making up nearly one third of the neocortex. Due to its remarkable evolution, the prefrontal cortex plays an important role in higher integrative functions such as information processing, thinking, understanding, attention, behavior, motivation, emotions, working memory, and analysis. This book brings together theoretical and technical research advances on the prefrontal cortex, from the basic explanations of the neuronal architecture of the prefrontal cortex and its anatomy, presenting it as a morphological substrate for many psychological conditions, through normal and altered connectivity and its manifestation in different behavior and identification of organizational levels inside the prefrontal cortex through different neuroimaging methods. It also provides an interdisciplinary view of the prefrontal cortex and its issues and discovers the main role of this part of brain in psychosocial, economic, and cultural adaptation.

Motor and Cognitive Functions of the Prefrontal Cortex

Motor and Cognitive Functions of the Prefrontal Cortex
  • Author : Anne-Marie Thierry,J. Glowinski,P.S. Goldman-Rakic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9783642850073
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Summary : The prefrontal cortex is particularly challenging as it has undergone great expansion during phylogenetic development and because it plays a crucial role in regulating most complex behaviors. Progress in research techniques in animals and in the development of non-invasive brain imaging approaches in humans have allowed resurgence of interest in the prefrontal cortex. To shed light on the rapidly accumulating information on motor and cognitive functions of the prefrontal cortex the Fondation IPSEN organized a symposium. This volume contains the proceedings of this meeting giving the most up-to-date research, with interdisciplinarycontributions from such fields as neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, electrophysiology as well as from clinical and behavior studies. The contents of this book provides an important development in the understanding of the prefrontal cortex.

The Prefrontal Cortex

The Prefrontal Cortex
  • Author : Joaquin Fuster
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-04
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 0080887988
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Summary : This is the fourth edition of the undisputed classic on the prefrontal cortex, the principal "executive" structure of the brain. Because of its role in such cognitive functions as working memory, planning, and decision-making, the prefrontal cortex is critically involved in the organization of behavior, language, and reasoning. Prefrontal dysfunction lies at the foundation of several psychotic and neurodegenerative disorders, including schizophrenia and dementia. * Written by an award-winning author who discovered "memory cells"-the physiological substrate of working memory * Provides an in-depth examination of the contributions of every relevant methodology, from comparative anatomy to modern imaging * Well-referenced with more than 2000 references

The Prefrontal Cortex: Its Structure, Function and Pathology

The Prefrontal Cortex: Its Structure, Function and Pathology
  • Author : J.P.C. de Bruin,M.A. Corner,M.G.P. Feenstra,C.G. Van Eden,H.B.M. Uylings
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-03-05
  • Total pages :571
  • ISBN : 9780080862101
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Summary : Thanks to a resurgence of interest and a recent proliferation of research techniques, much new and illuminating data has emerged during the last decade relating to the prefrontal cortex, particularly in primates and rodents. In view of this progress, the 16th International Summer School of Brain Research was held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands from 28 August to 1 September 1989, devoted to the topic of `The Prefrontal Cortex: Its Structure, Function and Pathology'. The edited proceedings, embodied in this 85th volume of `Progress in Brain Research', fall into three sections - the first of which, following two introductory chapters, discusses the present knowledge of the organization of prefrontal cortical systems. In the second section, developmental and plasticity aspects in rodent and human cortex are considered, whilst the third section deals extensively with the functional aspects characteristic for the prefrontal cortex in primates, rats and rabbits. The last section reviews several topics on dysfunction of prefrontal cortex in rat and man, including a historical review on psychosurgery.

The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex

The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex
  • Author : Richard E. Passingham,Steven P. Wise
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-12
  • Total pages :399
  • ISBN : 9780199552917
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Summary : The prefrontal cortex makes up almost a quarter of the human brain. The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex presents a new theory about its fundamental function. Written by two leading brain scientists, it is an important contribution to our understanding of the evolution and functioning of the human brain.

The Prefrontal Cortex as an Executive, Emotional, and Social Brain

The Prefrontal Cortex as an Executive, Emotional, and Social Brain
  • Author : Masataka Watanabe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-22
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9784431565086
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Summary : This book is devoted to the executive, emotional, social, and integrative functions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). The PFC has usually been studied only with its executive function or with its emotional function, but recent studies indicate that the PFC plays important roles in integrating executive and emotional functions as well as in social behavior. The first part of the book reviews the functional organization of the PFC in human and nonhuman primates. The subsequent part focuses on the integrator of executive and emotional functions. The third part presents the integrator of executive and social functions, and the final part discusses the default mode of brain activities. There are chapters on animal studies, because functional significance of the PFC cannot be described without referring to those studies. Thus many methodologies are presented such as human neuropsychological, neuroimaging, and stimulation studies, and animal neuropsychological, neurophysiological, neurochemical, neuroanatomical, and neuroimaging studies. Bringing those together, this volume provides a timely and concise picture of the function of the PFC. The result is a valuable resource for students and scientists, providing up-to-date information on this emerging research topic.

The Prefrontal Cortex

The Prefrontal Cortex
  • Author : Angela C. Roberts,Trevor W. Robbins,Lawrence Weiskrantz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 0198524412
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Summary : The role of the prefrontal cortex is one of the most topical and important areas of research in contemporary neuropsychology. This cortical region appears to be linked with executive processes affecting many diverse areas of cognitive function. Working memory, information processing, behavioural organization, attention, judgement, and the ability to cope with novel experiences are just some of the diverse processes it affects. This book brings together contributions from some of the world's leading researchers on the prefrontal cortex. They discuss the many recent theoretical and technical advances in the field - for example in our understanding of the neural architecture of the prefrontal cortex, in the development of comparable texts of cognition in humans and other primates, in our understanding of the relationships between neuronal activity and behaviour, and in the increasing use of functional neuroimaging to identify different levels of organization within the prefrontal cortex. These important developments make this an ideal time to address the many questions and debates that have arisen about the role and functional organization of this area of the brain. One of the first books to be written on the subject, The Prefrontal Cortex is a state-of-the-art account of our knowledge of this exciting subject. It will be welcomed by all researchers and students in neuro- and cognitive psychology, and neuroscience.

Psychophysiology of the Frontal Lobes

Psychophysiology of the Frontal Lobes
  • Author : K. H. Pribram,A. R. Luria
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781483219356
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Summary : Psychophysiology of the Frontal Lobes covers the frontal lobe function. The book discusses the modern concepts relating to the problem of the frontal lobes; the effect of frontal lesions on the electrical activity of the brain of human; and the nature of the electrical activity of the frontal cortex in human. The text then describes the nature of electrical activity in the frontal cortex of nonhuman primates; the relationship between frontal cortex and subcortical brain function; as well as experimentally based models of frontal lobe function. Psychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists will find the book invaluable.

Assembly of the Executive Mind

Assembly of the Executive Mind
  • Author : Michael Hoffmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-10
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9781108456005
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Summary : Understand the neuro-archeology of the executive brain, in its supervisory function, to better treat illnesses and behavior.

The Medial Prefrontal Cortex and Integration in ASD and Typical Cognition

The Medial Prefrontal Cortex and Integration in ASD and Typical Cognition
  • Author : Dorit Ben Shalom,Yoram S. Bonneh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-17
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889458363
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Summary : This eBook explores within-discipline implications and and across-discipline connections of the Ben Shalom (2009) model. The 12 papers hail from psychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, philosophy, and biology.

Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Principles of Frontal Lobe Function
  • Author : Donald T. Stuss,Robert T. Knight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-06-27
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 9780198030836
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Summary : This volume provides a comprehensive review of historical and current research on the function of the frontal lobes and frontal systems of the brain. The content spans frontal lobe functions from birth to old age, from biochemistry and anatomy to rehabilitation, and from normal to disrupted function. The book is intended to be a standard reference work on the frontal lobes for researchers, clinicians, and students in the field of neurology, neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, and health care.

The Wim Hof Method

The Wim Hof Method
  • Author : Wim Hof
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-20
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9781683644101
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Summary : INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER The only definitive book authored by Wim Hof on his powerful method for realizing our physical and spiritual potential. “This method is very simple, very accessible, and endorsed by science. Anybody can do it, and there is no dogma, only acceptance. Only freedom.” —Wim Hof Wim Hof has a message for each of us: “You can literally do the impossible. You can overcome disease, improve your mental health and physical performance, and even control your physiology so you can thrive in any stressful situation.” With The Wim Hof Method, this trailblazer of human potential shares a method that anyone can use—young or old, sick or healthy—to supercharge their capacity for strength, vitality, and happiness. Wim has become known as “The Iceman” for his astounding physical feats, such as spending hours in freezing water and running barefoot marathons over deserts and ice fields. Yet his most remarkable achievement is not any record-breaking performance—it is the creation of a method that thousands of people have used to transform their lives. In his gripping and passionate style, Wim shares his method and his story, including: • Breath—Wim’s unique practices to change your body chemistry, infuse yourself with energy, and focus your mind • Cold—Safe, controlled, shock-free practices for using cold exposure to enhance your cardiovascular system and awaken your body’s untapped strength • Mindset—Build your willpower, inner clarity, sensory awareness, and innate joyfulness in the miracle of living • Science—How users of this method have redefined what is medically possible in study after study • Health—True stories and testimonials from people using the method to overcome disease and chronic illness • Performance—Increase your endurance, improve recovery time, up your mental game, and more • Wim’s Story—Follow Wim’s inspiring personal journey of discovery, tragedy, and triumph • Spiritual Awakening—How breath, cold, and mindset can reveal the beauty of your soul Wim Hof is a man on a mission: to transform the way we live by reminding us of our true power and purpose. “This is how we will change the world, one soul at a time,” Wim says. “We alter the collective consciousness by awakening to our own boundless potential. We are limited only by the depth of our imagination and the strength of our conviction.” If you’re ready to explore and exceed the limits of your own potential, The Wim Hof Method is waiting for you.

Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) in Functional Research of Prefrontal Cortex

Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) in Functional Research of Prefrontal Cortex
  • Author : Nobuo Masataka,Leonid Perlovsky,Kazuo Hiraki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-16
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889199440
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Summary : This e-book includes the latest outcomes produced by a broad range of fNIRS research with activation of prefrontal cortex, from methodological one to clinical one, providing a forum for scientists planning functional studies of prefrontal brain activation. Reading this book, one will find the possibility that fNIRS could replace fMRI in the near future, and realize that even our aesthetic feeling is measurable. This will serve as a reference repository of knowledge from these fields as well as a conduit of information from leading researchers. In addition it offers an extensive cross-referencing system that will facilitate search and retrieval of information about NIRS measurements in activation studies. Researchers interested in fNIRS would benefit from an overview about its potential utilities for future research directions.

The Neural Bases of Multisensory Processes

The Neural Bases of Multisensory Processes
  • Author : Micah M. Murray,Mark T. Wallace
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-25
  • Total pages :809
  • ISBN : 9781439812174
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Summary : It has become accepted in the neuroscience community that perception and performance are quintessentially multisensory by nature. Using the full palette of modern brain imaging and neuroscience methods, The Neural Bases of Multisensory Processes details current understanding in the neural bases for these phenomena as studied across species, stages of development, and clinical statuses. Organized thematically into nine sub-sections, the book is a collection of contributions by leading scientists in the field. Chapters build generally from basic to applied, allowing readers to ascertain how fundamental science informs the clinical and applied sciences. Topics discussed include: Anatomy, essential for understanding the neural substrates of multisensory processing Neurophysiological bases and how multisensory stimuli can dramatically change the encoding processes for sensory information Combinatorial principles and modeling, focusing on efforts to gain a better mechanistic handle on multisensory operations and their network dynamics Development and plasticity Clinical manifestations and how perception and action are affected by altered sensory experience Attention and spatial representations The last sections of the book focus on naturalistic multisensory processes in three separate contexts: motion signals, multisensory contributions to the perception and generation of communication signals, and how the perception of flavor is generated. The text provides a solid introduction for newcomers and a strong overview of the current state of the field for experts.

Brainstorm

Brainstorm
  • Author : Daniel J. Siegel MD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-07
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781101631522
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Summary : In this New York Times–bestselling book, Dr. Daniel Siegel shows parents how to turn one of the most challenging developmental periods in their children’s lives into one of the most rewarding. Between the ages of twelve and twenty-four, the brain changes in important and, at times, challenging ways. In Brainstorm, Dr. Daniel Siegel busts a number of commonly held myths about adolescence—for example, that it is merely a stage of “immaturity” filled with often “crazy” behavior. According to Siegel, during adolescence we learn vital skills, such as how to leave home and enter the larger world, connect deeply with others, and safely experiment and take risks. Drawing on important new research in the field of interpersonal neurobiology, Siegel explores exciting ways in which understanding how the brain functions can improve the lives of adolescents, making their relationships more fulfilling and less lonely and distressing on both sides of the generational divide.

The Human Frontal Lobes, Third Edition

The Human Frontal Lobes, Third Edition
  • Author : Bruce L. Miller,Jeffrey L. Cummings
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-16
  • Total pages :620
  • ISBN : 9781462531837
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Summary : "Subject Areas/Keywords: brains, cognitive, diseases, dysfunctions, executive functions, frontal-subcortical circuits, frontotemporal dementia, human frontal lobes, lesions, mental disorders, networks, neuroanatomy, neurological, neurology, neuronal pathways, neuropsychiatric disorders, neuropsychological assessments, neuropsychology, neuroscience, normal aging, prefrontal cortex DESCRIPTION This authoritative work, now thoroughly revised, has given thousands of clinicians, students, and researchers a state-of-the-art understanding of the human frontal lobes--the large brain region that plays a critical role in behavior, cognition, health, and disease. Leading authorities from multiple disciplines address the anatomy and chemistry of the frontal cortex, neuropsychological assessments of capabilities unique to the frontal lobes, the nature of (and possible treatment avenues for) frontotemporal dementia and related conditions, and implications for understanding and treating neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, mania, and depression. Illustrations include eight pages in full color"--

The Frontal Lobes

The Frontal Lobes
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-05
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 9780128043264
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Summary : The Frontal Lobes, Volume 163, updates readers on the latest thinking on the structure and function of the human frontal lobe. Sections address methodology, anatomy, physiology and pharmacology, function, development, aging and disorders, and rehabilitation. Patients with focal lesions in the frontal lobes have long been studied to reveal the organization and function of the frontal lobes. Over the last two decades, studies of patients with neurodegenerative diseases and developmental disorders have increased, with new findings discussed in this volume. In addition, the book includes discussions on genetics and molecular biology, optogenetics, high-resolution structural and functional neuroimaging and electrophysiology, and more. Lastly, new knowledge on the biology, structure and function of the frontal lobes, new treatment targets for pharmacology, non-invasive brain stimulation, and cognitive/social remediation are presented. The last section covers new efforts that will hopefully lead to better outcomes in patients with frontal lobe disorders. Provides an overview of the structure, function, disorder and rehabilitation of the frontal lobes Addresses a wide variety of methodologies – from genetics and molecular biology, to optogenetics and hi-res fMRI, and more Contains content of interest to advanced students, junior researchers and clinicians getting involved in research Features the input of leaders in neuroanatomical research from around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction

Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction
  • Author : Harvey S. Levin,Howard M. Eisenberg,Arthur Lester Benton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :427
  • ISBN : 0195062841
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Summary : The cognitive and behavioral functions of the frontal lobes have been of great interest to neuroscientists, neurologists, psychologists and psychiatrists. Recent technical advances have made it possible to trace their neuroanatomical connections more precisely and to conduct evoked potential and neuroimaging studies in patients. This book presents a broad and authoritative synthesis of research progress in this field. It encompasses neuroanatomical studies; experiments involving temporal organization and working memory tasks in non-human primates; clinical studies of patients following frontal lobe excisions for intractable epilepsy; metabolic imaging in schizophrenia and affective disorder; neurobehavioral studies of patients with dementia, frontal lobe tumors, and head injuries; magnetic resonance imaging methods for studying human frontal lobe anatomy; theoretical approaches to describing frontal lobe functions; and rehabilitation of patients with frontal lobe damage including their core problem of diminished awareness. Written by a distinguished group of neuroscientists, psychologists and clinicians, Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction provides the best current source of information on this region of the brain and its role in cognition, behavior and clinical disorders.

Executive Functions and the Frontal Lobes

Executive Functions and the Frontal Lobes
  • Author : Vicki Anderson,Rani Jacobs,Peter J. Anderson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-18
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9781136873546
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Summary : This volume has as its primary aim the examination of issues concerning executive function and frontal lobe development. While many texts have addressed these issues, this is the first to do so within a specifically developmental framework. This area of cognitive function has received increasing attention over the past decade, and it is now established that the frontal lobes, and associated executive functions, are critical for efficient functioning in daily life. It is also clear, and of particular relevance to this text, that these functions develop gradually through childhood, and then deteriorate during old age. These developmental trajectories, and the impact of any interruption to them, are the focus of this volume.

The Amygdala

The Amygdala
  • Author : Barbara Ferry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-05
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9789535132493
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Summary : The amygdala is a central component of the limbic system, which is known to play a critical role in emotional processing of learning and memory. Over these last 20 years, major advances in techniques for examining brain activity greatly helped the scientific community to determine the nature of the contribution of the amygdala to these fundamental aspects of cognition. Combined with new conceptual breakthroughs, research data obtained in animals and humans have also provided major insights into our understanding of the processes by which amygdala dysfunction contributes to various brain disorders, such as autism or Alzheimer's disease. Although the primary goal of this book is to inform experts and newcomers of some of the latest data in the field of brain structures involved in the mechanisms underlying emotional learning and memory, we hope it will also help stimulate discussion on the functional role of the amygdala and connected brain structures in these mechanisms.