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The Signal and the Noise

The Signal and the Noise
  • Author : Nate Silver
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-27
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9781101595954
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Summary : UPDATED FOR 2020 WITH A NEW PREFACE BY NATE SILVER "One of the more momentous books of the decade."—The New York Times Book Review Nate Silver built an innovative system for predicting baseball performance, predicted the 2008 election within a hair’s breadth, and became a national sensation as a blogger—all by the time he was thirty. He solidified his standing as the nation's foremost political forecaster with his near perfect prediction of the 2012 election. Silver is the founder and editor in chief of the website FiveThirtyEight. Drawing on his own groundbreaking work, Silver examines the world of prediction, investigating how we can distinguish a true signal from a universe of noisy data. Most predictions fail, often at great cost to society, because most of us have a poor understanding of probability and uncertainty. Both experts and laypeople mistake more confident predictions for more accurate ones. But overconfidence is often the reason for failure. If our appreciation of uncertainty improves, our predictions can get better too. This is the “prediction paradox”: The more humility we have about our ability to make predictions, the more successful we can be in planning for the future. In keeping with his own aim to seek truth from data, Silver visits the most successful forecasters in a range of areas, from hurricanes to baseball to global pandemics, from the poker table to the stock market, from Capitol Hill to the NBA. He explains and evaluates how these forecasters think and what bonds they share. What lies behind their success? Are they good—or just lucky? What patterns have they unraveled? And are their forecasts really right? He explores unanticipated commonalities and exposes unexpected juxtapositions. And sometimes, it is not so much how good a prediction is in an absolute sense that matters but how good it is relative to the competition. In other cases, prediction is still a very rudimentary—and dangerous—science. Silver observes that the most accurate forecasters tend to have a superior command of probability, and they tend to be both humble and hardworking. They distinguish the predictable from the unpredictable, and they notice a thousand little details that lead them closer to the truth. Because of their appreciation of probability, they can distinguish the signal from the noise. With everything from the health of the global economy to our ability to fight terrorism dependent on the quality of our predictions, Nate Silver’s insights are an essential read.

Signal to Noise

Signal to Noise
  • Author : Silvia Moreno-Garcia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-10
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9781849978903
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Summary : Magic will break your heart. Mexico City, 1988: Meche is fifteen, awkward, and obsessed with music. Her world revolves around her two misfit friends, Sebastian and Daniela, and a stack of records. Then Meche discovers how to turn music into magic, and things takes a turn for the strange... Mexico City, 2009: Meche returns home for her estranged father’s funeral. Her family are trouble enough, but when she runs into Sebastian, long-buried childhood memories resurface. What really happened back then – and is there any magic left?

Signal to Noise

Signal to Noise
  • Author : Neil Gaiman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-30
  • Total pages :96
  • ISBN : 9781630089658
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Summary : A film director is dying of cancer. His greatest film would have told the story of a European village as the last hour of 999 AD approached—bringing Armageddon. Now that story will never be told. But he’s still working it out in his head, making a film that no one will ever see.

Signal to Noise

Signal to Noise
  • Author : Eric S. Nylund
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-06-01
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780380792924
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Summary : Jack Potter puts computer cryptography to work for the highest bidder: sometimes for private corporations, sometimes for the government. Sometimes the work is legal; if not, Jack simply raises his price. But one day, Jack discovers something cloaked in the hiss of background radiation streaming past the Earth from deep space: a message from an alien civilization. One that's eager to do business with humanity -- and its representative. Before he knows it, Jack has entered into a partnership that will open a Pandora's Box of potential profit and loss. The governments, the multinationals, and mysterious players more powerful still, all want a piece of the action -- and they're willing to kill, even wage war, to get it. Now Jack is entangled shifting web of deceit and intrigue in which no one, not even his closest friends, can be trusted. For Earth's cloak-and-dagger business practices are writ large in the heavens...and hostile takeovers are just as common across light years as they are across boardroom tables.

Introduction to Random Signals and Noise

Introduction to Random Signals and Noise
  • Author : Wim C. Van Etten
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-02-03
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9780470024126
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Summary : Random signals and noise are present in many engineering systems and networks. Signal processing techniques allow engineers to distinguish between useful signals in audio, video or communication equipment, and interference, which disturbs the desired signal. With a strong mathematical grounding, this text provides a clear introduction to the fundamentals of stochastic processes and their practical applications to random signals and noise. With worked examples, problems, and detailed appendices, Introduction to Random Signals and Noise gives the reader the knowledge to design optimum systems for effectively coping with unwanted signals. Key features: Considers a wide range of signals and noise, including analogue, discrete-time and bandpass signals in both time and frequency domains. Analyses the basics of digital signal detection using matched filtering, signal space representation and correlation receiver. Examines optimal filtering methods and their consequences. Presents a detailed discussion of the topic of Poisson processes and shot noise. An excellent resource for professional engineers developing communication systems, semiconductor devices, and audio and video equipment, this book is also ideal for senior undergraduate and graduate students in Electronic and Electrical Engineering.

Summary of Nate Silver’s The Signal and the Noise by Milkyway Media

Summary of Nate Silver’s The Signal and the Noise by Milkyway Media
  • Author : Milkyway Media
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-31
  • Total pages :38
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary : The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail — but Some Don’t (2012), considers the common shortcomings statisticians face when attempting to make predictions. While bad predictions can lead to setbacks and false beliefs, accurate predictions can advance scientific knowledge, government efficiency, the quality of education, and other social projects and goals… Purchase this in-depth summary to learn more.

Signal Processing Noise

Signal Processing Noise
  • Author : Vyacheslav Tuzlukov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-08
  • Total pages :688
  • ISBN : 9781420041118
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Summary : Additive and multiplicative noise in the information signal can significantly limit the potential of complex signal processing systems, especially when those systems use signals with complex phase structure. During the last few years this problem has been the focus of much research, and its solution could lead to profound improvements in applications of complex signals and coherent signal processing. Signal Processing Noise sets forth a generalized approach to signal processing in multiplicative and additive noise that represents a remarkable advance in signal processing and detection theory. This approach extends the boundaries of the noise immunity set by classical and modern signal processing theories, and systems constructed on this basis achieve better detection performance than that of systems currently in use. Featuring the results of the author's own research, the book is filled with examples and applications, and each chapter contains an analysis of recent observations obtained by computer modelling and experiments. Tables and illustrations clearly show the superiority of the generalized approach over both classical and modern approaches to signal processing noise. Addressing a fundamental problem in complex signal processing systems, this book offers not only theoretical development, but practical recommendations for raising noise immunity in a wide range of applications.

The Signal and the Noise. Differentiating Stylometric Signals in the Analysis of Literary Texts

The Signal and the Noise. Differentiating Stylometric Signals in the Analysis of Literary Texts
  • Author : Judith Brottrager
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1199748816
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Summary :

Random Signals and Noise

Random Signals and Noise
  • Author : Shlomo Engelberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-03
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9781420007770
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Summary : Understanding the nature of random signals and noise is critically important for detecting signals and for reducing and minimizing the effects of noise in applications such as communications and control systems. Outlining a variety of techniques and explaining when and how to use them, Random Signals and Noise: A Mathematical Introduction focuses on applications and practical problem solving rather than probability theory. A Firm Foundation Before launching into the particulars of random signals and noise, the author outlines the elements of probability that are used throughout the book and includes an appendix on the relevant aspects of linear algebra. He offers a careful treatment of Lagrange multipliers and the Fourier transform, as well as the basics of stochastic processes, estimation, matched filtering, the Wiener-Khinchin theorem and its applications, the Schottky and Nyquist formulas, and physical sources of noise. Practical Tools for Modern Problems Along with these traditional topics, the book includes a chapter devoted to spread spectrum techniques. It also demonstrates the use of MATLAB® for solving complicated problems in a short amount of time while still building a sound knowledge of the underlying principles. A self-contained primer for solving real problems, Random Signals and Noise presents a complete set of tools and offers guidance on their effective application.

Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from the Data

Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from the Data
  • Author : Charles Wheelan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-07
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9780393089820
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Summary : “Brilliant, funny . . . the best math teacher you never had.”—San Francisco Chronicle Once considered tedious, the field of statistics is rapidly evolving into a discipline Hal Varian, chief economist at Google, has actually called “sexy.” From batting averages and political polls to game shows and medical research, the real-world application of statistics continues to grow by leaps and bounds. How can we catch schools that cheat on standardized tests? How does Netflix know which movies you’ll like? What is causing the rising incidence of autism? As best-selling author Charles Wheelan shows us in Naked Statistics, the right data and a few well-chosen statistical tools can help us answer these questions and more. For those who slept through Stats 101, this book is a lifesaver. Wheelan strips away the arcane and technical details and focuses on the underlying intuition that drives statistical analysis. He clarifies key concepts such as inference, correlation, and regression analysis, reveals how biased or careless parties can manipulate or misrepresent data, and shows us how brilliant and creative researchers are exploiting the valuable data from natural experiments to tackle thorny questions. And in Wheelan’s trademark style, there’s not a dull page in sight. You’ll encounter clever Schlitz Beer marketers leveraging basic probability, an International Sausage Festival illuminating the tenets of the central limit theorem, and a head-scratching choice from the famous game show Let’s Make a Deal—and you’ll come away with insights each time. With the wit, accessibility, and sheer fun that turned Naked Economics into a bestseller, Wheelan defies the odds yet again by bringing another essential, formerly unglamorous discipline to life.

Detection of Signals in Noise

Detection of Signals in Noise
  • Author : Anthony D. Whalen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-11
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9781483220543
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Summary : Detection of Signals in Noise serves as an introduction to the principles and applications of the statistical theory of signal detection. The book discusses probability and random processes; narrowband signals, their complex representation, and their properties described with the aid of the Hilbert transform; and Gaussian-derived processes. The text also describes the application of hypothesis testing for the detection of signals and the fundamentals required for statistical detection of signals in noise. Problem exercises, references, and a supplementary bibliography are included after each chapter. Students taking a graduate course in signal detection theory.

Signal and Noise

Signal and Noise
  • Author : Brian Larkin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-31
  • Total pages :313
  • ISBN : 0822341085
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Summary : DIVExamines the role of media technologies in shaping urban Africa through an ethnographic study of popular culture in northern Nigeria./div

Algorithms to Live By

Algorithms to Live By
  • Author : Brian Christian,Tom Griffiths
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-26
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780143196471
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Summary : A fascinating exploration of how computer algorithms can be applied to our everyday lives, helping to solve common decision-making problems and illuminate the workings of the human mind All our lives are constrained by limited space and time, limits that give rise to a particular set of problems. What should we do, or leave undone, in a day or a lifetime? How much messiness should we accept? What balance of new activities and familiar favourites is the most fulfilling? These may seem like uniquely human quandaries, but they are not: computers, too, face the same constraints, so computer scientists have been grappling with their version of such problems for decades. And the solutions they've found have much to teach us. In a dazzlingly interdisciplinary work, acclaimed author Brian Christian (who holds degrees in computer science, philosophy, and poetry, and works at the intersection of all three) and Tom Griffiths (a UC Berkeley professor of cognitive science and psychology) show how the simple, precise algorithms used by computers can also untangle very human questions. They explain how to have better hunches and when to leave things to chance, how to deal with overwhelming choices and how best to connect with others. From finding a spouse to finding a parking spot, from organizing one's inbox to understanding the workings of human memory, Algorithms to Live By transforms the wisdom of computer science into strategies for human living.

Electronic Noise and Interfering Signals

Electronic Noise and Interfering Signals
  • Author : Gabriel Vasilescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-17
  • Total pages :709
  • ISBN : 9783540265108
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Summary : Electronic Noise and Interfering Signals is a comprehensive reference book on noise and interference in electronic circuits, with particular focus on low-noise design. The first part of the book deals with mechanisms, modelling, and computation of intrinsic noise which is generated in every electronic device. The second part analyzes the coupling mechanisms which can lead to a contamination of circuits by parasitic signals and provides appropriate solutions to this problem. The last part contains more than 100 practical, elaborate case studies. The book requires no advanced mathematical training as it introduces the fundamental methods. Moreover, it provides insight into computational noise analysis with SPICE and NOF, a software developed by the author. The book addresses designers of electronic circuits as well as researchers from electrical engineering, physics, and material science. It should also be of interest for undergraduate and graduate students.

Signal to Noise

Signal to Noise
  • Author : Carla Sinclair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 0062515330
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Summary : Jim Knight, a features editor at Signal magazine, and Kat Astura, an intern, must flee for their lives when Kat accidentally loses $50,000 of Jim Knight's money to a virtual blackjack game run by organized crime

Signal

Signal
  • Author : Stephen Few
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-01
  • Total pages :225
  • ISBN : 1938377052
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Summary : Teaches the analytical skills necessary to glean value from the warehouses of accumulating data In this age of so-called Big Data, organizations are scrambling to implement new software and hardware to increase the amount of data they collect and store. However, in doing so they are unwittingly making it harder to find the needles of useful information in the rapidly growing mounds of hay. If you don't know how to differentiate signals from noise, adding more noise only makes things worse. When we rely on data for making decisions, how do we tell what qualifies as a signal and what is merely noise? In and of itself, data is neither. Assuming that data is accurate, it is merely a collection of facts. When a fact is true and useful, only then is it a signal. When it's not, it's noise. It's that simple. In "Signal," Stephen Few provides the straightforward, practical instruction in everyday signal detection that has been lacking until now. Using data visualization methods, he teaches how to apply statistics to gain a comprehensive understanding of one's data and adapts the techniques of Statistical Process Control in new ways to detect not just changes in the metrics but also changes in the patterns that characterize data.

The Best American Infographics 2014

The Best American Infographics 2014
  • Author : Gareth Cook
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-07
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780547974552
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Summary : Year two of this fresh, timely, beautiful addition to the Best American series, introduced by Nate Silver The rise of infographics across virtually all print and electronic media reveals patterns in our lives and worlds in fresh and surprising ways. As we find ourselves in the era of big data, where information moves faster than ever, infographics provide us with quick, often influential bursts of art and knowledge — to digest, tweet, share, go viral. Best American Infographics 2014 captures the finest examples, from the past year, of this mesmerizing new way of seeing and understanding our world. Guest introducer Nate Silver brings his unparalleled expertise and lively analysis to this visually compelling new volume.

Signal Recovery from Noise in Electronic Instrumentation, Second Edition

Signal Recovery from Noise in Electronic Instrumentation, Second Edition
  • Author : T.H Wilmshurst
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-01-01
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 1420050656
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Summary : Covering all aspects of the subject, Signal Recovery from Noise in Electronic Instrumentation, Second Edition examines the interference involved with instruments that employ electronic techniques to measure physical quantities, including random fluctuations from thermal or background sources and systematic signal drift or offset. In the case of random noise, the book fully analyzes 1/f as well as white noise. It also discusses the theory and practice of baseline correction, low-pass filtering, multiple time averaging, and phase-sensitive detection. The author explores the best way of measuring the amplitude or the time of occurrence of a signal of known shape. New to this edition are an additional chapter, frequency measurement, and tutorial questions with answers to test understanding of the subject matter. This book will be indispensable to advanced electronics undergraduates, nonspecialist postgraduates using electronic instrumentation, and applied scientists.

Superforecasting

Superforecasting
  • Author : Philip E. Tetlock,Dan Gardner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-29
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780804136709
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Summary : NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY THE ECONOMIST “The most important book on decision making since Daniel Kahneman's Thinking, Fast and Slow.”—Jason Zweig, The Wall Street Journal Everyone would benefit from seeing further into the future, whether buying stocks, crafting policy, launching a new product, or simply planning the week’s meals. Unfortunately, people tend to be terrible forecasters. As Wharton professor Philip Tetlock showed in a landmark 2005 study, even experts’ predictions are only slightly better than chance. However, an important and underreported conclusion of that study was that some experts do have real foresight, and Tetlock has spent the past decade trying to figure out why. What makes some people so good? And can this talent be taught? In Superforecasting, Tetlock and coauthor Dan Gardner offer a masterwork on prediction, drawing on decades of research and the results of a massive, government-funded forecasting tournament. The Good Judgment Project involves tens of thousands of ordinary people—including a Brooklyn filmmaker, a retired pipe installer, and a former ballroom dancer—who set out to forecast global events. Some of the volunteers have turned out to be astonishingly good. They’ve beaten other benchmarks, competitors, and prediction markets. They’ve even beaten the collective judgment of intelligence analysts with access to classified information. They are "superforecasters." In this groundbreaking and accessible book, Tetlock and Gardner show us how we can learn from this elite group. Weaving together stories of forecasting successes (the raid on Osama bin Laden’s compound) and failures (the Bay of Pigs) and interviews with a range of high-level decision makers, from David Petraeus to Robert Rubin, they show that good forecasting doesn’t require powerful computers or arcane methods. It involves gathering evidence from a variety of sources, thinking probabilistically, working in teams, keeping score, and being willing to admit error and change course. Superforecasting offers the first demonstrably effective way to improve our ability to predict the future—whether in business, finance, politics, international affairs, or daily life—and is destined to become a modern classic.

Signal and Noise

Signal and Noise
  • Author : Sean McNamara
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-21
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9798646193743
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Summary : [CAUTION: This book can be used as a training system. If you plan to use it that way, please do NOT flip through it randomly after you receive it, but start reading from the very first page, otherwise you may spoil some of the exercises for yourself.]In 2019, Sean McNamara trained a group of friends in Denver, Colorado, to access their inherent clairvoyant and precognitive abilities in order to send their minds into the future and retrieve information. Using a methodology called "remote viewing" along with a team-style predictive approach developed by the author, his friends won the Colorado "Pick 3" lottery that year, TWICE.Now, he's releasing the transcripts and targets they used to predict, then win, those drawings. The book also reveals special techniques he developed to clarify and boost the psychic "signal" and reduce ambient mental "noise" during their remote viewing sessions. These techniques can be categorized as excitation, relaxation, color muting and amplification, remote influencing (psychic tracing), and 360-degree, 3-D virtual reality feedback. The book includes "extras" on topics such as "spoon bending," and a special routine to hack the nervous system for immediate quieting by stimulating the vagus nerve, and also details about an experiment with a living organism you can try with friends.The book comes with a companion website containing private links to pages containing special audio downloads to aid your psychic receptivity. It also includes color versions of the target images shown in the book. IMPORTANT: This book can be used as a complete training system. If you plan to use it that way, it is important that you do NOT flip ahead in the book and accidentally see a target image before you've done the training exercise for that image. Instead, start at pg.1, and read one page at a time without flipping ahead.Signal and Noise comes with nearly 60 different training exercises, with the added benefit of seeing how the remote viewers featured in the book did on their transcripts.If you are new to remote viewing, the book will teach you how to do it.You'll also learn how to structure a team of friends so you can attempt to make predictions of your own using "associative remote viewing." Have fun making predictions for sport games, elections, lotteries, or other events. Of course, due to the subjective nature of psychic perception and many other factors, the author cannot make any guarantees about how accurate your predictions will be. Nevertheless, if you go through the training exercises carefully and patiently, by the time you're through, you will have gained an extraordinary amount of experience in psychic development.Experienced remote viewers, especially professionals who depend on accuracy, will gain benefit by learning techniques to improve the signal and reduce noise during their sessions.Everything in the book should be regarded as experimental, since at the time of publication, these techniques had not yet been replicated by a third-party research authority. But the results, using these methods to win a lottery twice in the last quarter of 2019, stand for themselves.The author also discusses the past researchers and scientists (i.e. Dr. Milan Ryzl and Dr. Andrija Puharich) whose works of the 20th century informed his development of these techniques.Important for KINDLE customers: Due to the picture-heavy nature of this book, the Kindle version is recommended only if you'll be using a tablet reader or using your laptop/desktop. Reading it on a phone's small screen will be difficult for some. It is recommended to purchase the paperback version instead for a much more enjoyable and user-friendly experience.For readers interested in psychokinesis, out of body experiences, and other abilities, those topics are covered at great length in the author's other books and his site MindPossible.

An Introduction to Information Theory

An Introduction to Information Theory
  • Author : John Robinson Pierce
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1980-01-01
  • Total pages :305
  • ISBN : 9780486240619
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Summary : Behind the familiar surfaces of the telephone, radio, and television lies a sophisticated and intriguing body of knowledge known as information theory. This is the theory that has permeated the rapid development of all sorts of communication, from color television to the clear transmission of photographs from the vicinity of Jupiter. Even more revolutionary progress is expected in the future. To give a solid introduction to this burgeoning field, J. R. Pierce has revised his well-received 1961 study of information theory for an up-to-date second edition. Beginning with the origins of the field, Dr. Pierce follows the brilliant formulations of Claude Shannon and describes such aspects of the subject as encoding and binary digits, entropy. language and meaning, efficient encoding , and the noisy channel. He then goes beyond the strict confines of the topic to explore the ways in which information theory relates to physics, cybernetics, psychology, and art. Mathematical formulas are introduced at the appropriate points for the benefit of serious students. A glossary of terms and an appendix on mathematical notation are provided to help the less mathematically sophisticated. J. R. Pierce worked for many years at the Bell Telephone Laboratories, where he became Director of Research in Communications Principles. He is currently affiliated with the engineering department of the California Institute of Technology. While his background is impeccable, Dr. Pierce also possesses an engaging writing style that makes his book all the more welcome. An Introduction to Information Theory continues to be the most impressive non-technical account available and a fascinating introduction to the subject for laymen. "An uncommonly good study. . . . Pierce's volume presents the most satisfying discussion to be found."? Scientific American.