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The Volcanoes of Mars

The Volcanoes of Mars
  • Author : James R. Zimbelman,David A. Crown,Peter J. Mouginis-Mark,Tracy K. P. Gregg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-05
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9780128228777
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Summary : The Volcanoes of Mars offers a clear, cohesive summary of Mars volcanology. It begins with an introduction to the geology and geography of the red planet and an overview of its volcanic history, and continues to discuss each distinct volcanic province, identifying the common and unique aspects of each region. Incorporating basic volcanological information and constraints on the regional geologic history derived from geologic mapping, the book also examines current constraints on the composition of the volcanic rocks as investigated by both orbiting spacecraft and rovers. In addition, it compares the features of Martian volcanoes to those seen on other volcanic bodies. Concluding with prospects for new knowledge to be gained from future Mars missions, this book brings researchers in volcanology and the study of Mars up to date on the latest findings in the study of volcanoes on Mars, allowing the reader to compare and contrast Martian volcanoes to volcanoes studied on Earth and throughout the Solar System. Presents clearly organized text and figures that will quickly allow the reader to find specific aspects of Martian volcanism Includes definitions of geological and volcanological terms throughout to aid interdisciplinary understanding Summarizes key results for each volcanic region of Mars and provides copious citations to the research literature to facilitate further discovery Synthesizes the most current data from multiple spacecraft missions, including the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, as well as geochemical data from Martian meteorites Utilizes published geologic mapping results to highlight the detailed knowledge that exists for each region

The Volcanoes of Mars

The Volcanoes of Mars
  • Author : Peter John Cattermole
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1977
  • Total pages :16
  • ISBN : OCLC:18545004
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Summary :

Worlds on Fire

Worlds on Fire
  • Author : Charles Frankel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-09-22
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 0521803934
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Summary : A brightly illustrated geological study of the planets and satellites of our solar system offers a detailed tour of volcanic landmarks on the Earth, our Moon, Mars, Venus, and Io.

Volcanoes of the Earth, Moon, and Mars

Volcanoes of the Earth, Moon, and Mars
  • Author : Gilbert Fielder,L. Wilson,Lionel Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1975
  • Total pages :126
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105030854520
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Summary :

Extraterrestrial Volcanoes

Extraterrestrial Volcanoes
  • Author : Source Wikipedia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09
  • Total pages :58
  • ISBN : 1230649239
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Summary : Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 57. Chapters: Volcanoes of Io, Volcanoes of Mars, Volcanoes of Venus, Volcanism on Io, Volcanism on Mars, Tharsis, Olympus Mons, Ascraeus Mons, Pele, Thor, Tharsis Tholus, Pavonis Mons, Masubi, Arsia Mons, Syrtis Major Planum, Volcanism on Venus, Tawhaki Patera, Tupan Patera, Loki Patera, Ceraunius Tholus, Tharsis Montes, Surt, Prometheus, List of extraterrestrial volcanoes, Pillan Patera, Maat Mons, Tvashtar Paterae, Thomagata Patera, Hecates Tholus, Lunar dome, Alba Mons, Sacajawea Patera, Mons Rumker, Biblis Tholus, Apollinaris Mons, Gish Bar Patera, Sapas Mons, Amirani, Scalloped margin dome, Tyrrhena Patera, Elysium Mons, Albor Tholus, Ah Peku Patera, Pancake dome, Reiden Patera, Sachs Patera, Shango Patera, Uranius Tholus, Ulysses Patera, Peneus Patera, Ushas Mons, Gula Mons, Maui Patera, Uranius Patera, Estan Patera, Dazhbog Patera, Ganesa Macula, Ra Patera, Uranius group of volcanoes, Renpet Mons, Anala Mons, Theia Mons, Sif Mons, Pityusa Patera, Jaszai Patera, Siddons Patera. Excerpt: Volcanism on Io, a moon of Jupiter, produces lava flows, volcanic pits, and plumes of sulfur and sulfur dioxide hundreds of kilometres high. This volcanic activity was discovered in 1979 by Voyager 1 imaging scientists. Observations of Io by passing spacecraft (the Voyagers, Galileo, Cassini, and New Horizons) and Earth-based astronomers have revealed more than 150 active volcanoes. Up to 400 such volcanoes are predicted to exist based on these observations. Io's volcanism makes the satellite one of only five known currently volcanically active worlds in the solar system (the other four being Earth, Venus, Saturn's moon Enceladus, and Neptune's moon Triton). First predicted shortly before the Voyager 1 flyby, the heat source for Io's volcanism comes from tidal heating produced by its forced orbital eccentricity. This differs from Earth's...

Glaciovolcanism on Earth and Mars

Glaciovolcanism on Earth and Mars
  • Author : John L. Smellie,Benjamin R. Edwards
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-23
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 9781107037397
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Summary : Presents the distinctive processes and characteristics of glaciovolcanic eruptions, with reference to terrestrial and Mars occurrences.

The Diversity of Martian Volcanic Features as Seen in the Moc, Themis, and Mom Data Sets

The Diversity of Martian Volcanic Features as Seen in the Moc, Themis, and Mom Data Sets
  • Author : National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-24
  • Total pages :28
  • ISBN : 1721799192
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Summary : This one-year project (which included one-year no-cost tension) focused on the evolution of the summit areas of Martian volcanoes. It extended the studies conducted under an earlier MDAP project (Grant NAG5-9576, Principal Investigator P. Mouginis- Mark). By using data collected from the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC), Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), and the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) instruments, we tried to better understand the diversity of constructional volcanism on Mars, and hence further understand the eruption processes. By inspecting THEMIS and MOC data, we explored the following four questions: (1) Where might near-surface volatiles have been released at the summits of the Tharsis volcanoes? Is the trapping and subsequent remobilization of degassed volatiles [Scott and Wilson, 19991 adequate to produce eruptions responsible for extensive deposits such as the ones identified on Arsia Mons [Mouginis-Mark, 2002]? To answer this question, we investigated the diversity of eruption styles by studying the summit areas of Arsia, Pavonis and Ascraeus Montes. (2) What are the geomorphic characteristics of the valley system on Hecates Tholus, a volcano that we have previously proposed experienced explosive activity [Mouginis-Murk et al., 1982]? Our inspection of THEMIS data suggests that water release on the volcano took place over an extended period of time, suggesting that hydrothermal activity may have taken place here. (3) How similar are the collapse processes observed at Martian and terrestrial calderas? New THEMIS data provide a more complete view of the entire Olympus Mons caldera, thereby enabling the comparison with the collapse features at Masaya volcano, Nicaragua, to be investigated. (4) What can we learn about the emplacement of long lava flows in the lava plains of Eastern Tharsis? The result of this work provided a greater understanding of the temporal and spatial variations in the eruptive history of volcanoes on Mars, and the influence

The Mighty Volcanoes of Mars

The Mighty Volcanoes of Mars
  • Author : Josh Lewis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1643038567
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Summary : Huge volcanoes warmed the planet Mars long ago.

Volcanoes of the Solar System

Volcanoes of the Solar System
  • Author : Charles Frankel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 0521477700
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Summary : Nothing can be more breathtaking than the spectacle of a volcano erupting. Space-age lunar and planetary missions offer us an unprecedented perspective on volcanism. Starting with the Earth, Volcanoes of the Solar System takes the reader on a guided tour of the terrestrial planets and moons and their volcanic features. We see lunar lava fields through the eyes of the Apollo astronauts, and take an imaginary hike up the Martian slopes of Olympus Mons--the tallest volcano in the solar system. Complemented by over 150 photographs, this comprehensive and lucid account of volcanoes describes the most recent data on the unique and varied volcanic features of Venus and updates our knowledge on the prodigiously active volcanoes of Io. A member of the Association of European Volcanologists, Charles Frankel has directed documentary films on geology, astronomy and space exploration and has authored a number of articles on the earth sciences.

The Atlas of Mars

The Atlas of Mars
  • Author : Kenneth S. Coles,Kenneth L. Tanaka,Philip R. Christensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-10
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781108641326
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Summary : Planetary scientist and educator Ken Coles has teamed up with Ken Tanaka from the United States Geological Survey's Astrogeology team, and Phil Christensen, Principal Investigator of the Mars Odyssey orbiter's THEMIS science team, to produce this all-purpose reference atlas, The Atlas of Mars. Each of the thirty standard charts includes: a full-page color topographic map at 1:10,000,000 scale, a THEMIS daytime infrared map at the same scale with features labeled, a simplified geologic map of the corresponding area, and a section describing prominent features of interest. The Atlas is rounded out with extensive material on Mars' global characteristics, regional geography and geology, a glossary of terms, and an indexed gazetteer of up-to-date Martian feature names and nomenclature. This is an essential guide for a broad readership of academics, students, amateur astronomers, and space enthusiasts, replacing the NASA atlas from the 1970s.

Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology

Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology
  • Author : Liz Parfitt,Lionel Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-12
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781444307566
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Summary : Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology is a comprehensive overview ofthe processes that control when and how volcanoes erupt.Understanding these processes involves bringing together ideas froma number of disciplines, including branches of geology, such aspetrology and geochemistry; and aspects of physics, such as fluiddynamics and thermodynamics. This book explains in accessible terms how different areas ofscience have been combined to reach our current level of knowledgeof volcanic systems. It includes an introduction to eruption types,an outline of the development of physical volcanology, acomprehensive overview of subsurface processes, eruptionmechanisms, the nature of volcanic eruptions and their products,and a review of how volcanoes affect the environment. Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology is essential reading forundergraduate students in earth science.

Fire and Ice

Fire and Ice
  • Author : Natalie Starkey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-09-30
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781472960382
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Summary : The volcano – among the most familiar and perhaps the most terrifying of all geological phenomena. However, Earth isn't the only planet to harbour volcanoes. In fact, the Solar System, and probably the entire Universe, is littered with them. Our own Moon, which is now a dormant piece of rock, had lava flowing across its surface billions of years ago, while Mars can be credited with the largest volcano in the Solar System, Olympus Mons, which stands 25km high. While Mars's volcanoes are long dead, volcanic activity continues in almost every other corner of the Solar System, in the most unexpected of locations. We tend to think of Earth volcanoes as erupting hot, molten lava and emitting huge, billowing clouds of incandescent ash. However, it isn't necessarily the same across the rest of the Solar System. For a start, some volcanoes aren't even particularly hot. Those on Pluto, for example, erupt an icy slush of substances such as water, methane, nitrogen or ammonia, that freeze to form ice mountains as hard as rock. While others, like the volcanoes on one of Jupiter's moons, Io, erupt the hottest lavas in the Solar System onto a surface covered in a frosty coating of sulphur. Whether they are formed of fire or ice, volcanoes are of huge importance for scientists trying to picture the inner workings of a planet or moon. Volcanoes dredge up materials from the otherwise inaccessible depths and helpfully deliver them to the surface. The way in which they erupt, and the products they generate, can even help scientists ponder bigger questions on the possibility of life elsewhere in the Solar System. Fire and Ice is an exploration of the Solar System's volcanoes, from the highest peaks of Mars to the intensely inhospitable surface of Venus and the red-hot summits of Io, to the coldest, seemingly dormant icy carapaces of Enceladus and Europa, an unusual look at how these cosmic features are made, and whether such active planetary systems might host life.

Investigating Late Amazonian Volcanotectonic Activity on Olympus Mons, Mars Using Flank Vents and Arcuate Graben

Investigating Late Amazonian Volcanotectonic Activity on Olympus Mons, Mars Using Flank Vents and Arcuate Graben
  • Author : Sean I. Peters
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :57
  • ISBN : OCLC:925961613
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Summary : Olympus Mons is the largest volcano on Mars. Previous studies have focused on large scale features on Olympus Mons, such as the basal escarpment, summit caldera complex and aureole deposits. My objective was to identify and characterize previously unrecognized and unmapped small scale features to understand the volcanotectonic evolution of this enormous volcano. For this study I investigated flank vents and arcuate graben. Flank vents are a common feature on composite volcanoes on Earth. They provide information on the volatile content of magmas, the propagation of magma in the subsurface and the tectonic stresses acting on the volcano. Graben are found at a variety of scales in close proximity to Martian volcanoes. They can indicate flexure of the lithosphere in response to the load of the volcano or gravitation spreading of the edifice. Using Context Camera (CTX), High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), High Resolution Stereo Camera Digital Terrain Model (HRSC DTM) and Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) data, I have identified and characterized the morphology and distribution of 60 flank vents and 84 arcuate graben on Olympus Mons. Based on the observed vent morphologies, I conclude that effusive eruptions have dominated on Olympus Mons in the Late Amazonian, with flank vents playing a limited role. The spatial distribution of flank vents suggests shallow source depths and radial dike propagation. Arcuate graben, not previously observed in lower resolution datasets, occur on the lower flanks of Olympus Mons and indicate a recent extensional state of stress. Based on spatial and superposition relationships, I have constructed a developmental sequence for the construction of Olympus Mons: 1) Construction of the shield via effusive lava flows.; 2) Formation of the near summit thrust faults (flank terraces); 3) Flank failure leading to scarp formation and aureole deposition; 4) Late Amazonian effusive resurfacing and formation of flank vents; 5) Subsidence of the caldera, waning volcanism and graben formation. This volcanotectonic evolution closely resembles that proposed on Ascraeus Mons. Extensional tectonism may continue to affect the lower flanks of Olympus Mons today.

Atlas of Volcanic Landforms on Mars

Atlas of Volcanic Landforms on Mars
  • Author : Carroll Ann Hodges,Henry J. Moore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : UOM:39015049928768
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Summary :

Environmental Effects on Volcanic Eruptions

Environmental Effects on Volcanic Eruptions
  • Author : James R. Zimbelman,Tracey K.P. Gregg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-08
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9781461541516
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Summary : The book presents current research into the effect that environmental conditions have on volcanic eruptions and the subsequent emplacement of volcanic products. This is accomplished through a series of chapters that investigate specific environments - both terrestrial and extraterrestrial - and the expression of volcanic materials found within those settings. Current state-of-the-art numerical, analytical and computer models are used in most chapters to provide robust, quantitative insights into how volcanoes behave in different environmental settings. Readership: Upper level undergraduates and new graduates. The book is primarily a presentation of research results rather than a tutorial for the general public. Textbook or supplementary reading for courses in volcanology or comparative planetology at college/university level.

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
  • Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson,Bruce Houghton,Steve McNutt,Hazel Rymer,John Stix
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-06
  • Total pages :1456
  • ISBN : 9780123859396
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Summary : Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included

The Geology of Mars

The Geology of Mars
  • Author : Mary Chapman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-17
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139463706
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Summary : Research into the geological processes operating on Mars relies on interpretation of images and other data returned by unmanned orbiters, probes and landers. Such interpretations are based on our knowledge of processes occurring on Earth Terrestrial analog studies therefore play an important role in understanding the geological features observed on Mars. This 2007 book presents direct comparisons between locales on Earth and Mars, and contains contributions from leading planetary geologists to demonstrate the parallels and differences between these two neighboring planets. Mars is characterized by a wide range of geological phenomena that also occur on Earth, including tectonic, volcanic, impact cratering, eolian, fluvial, glacial and possibly lacustrine and marine processes. The book provides terrestrial analogs for data sets from Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, Mars Exploration Rovers and Mars Express, and will therefore be a key reference for students and researchers of planetary science.

14 Fun Facts About Mars

14 Fun Facts About Mars
  • Author : Jeannie Meekins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :20
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary : A day on Mars is almost as long as a day on Earth, but how long is a year on Mars? Does Mars have seasons? What color are the rocks on Mars? Mars is full of volcanoes, but when did the last one erupt? Learn the answer to these questions and many more fun facts in this 15-Minute Book. In the Milky Way Galaxy, there is a yellow sun that has eight planets. Four of the planets are rock worlds. The other four are gas and ice. The closest planet to the sun is Mercury. It’s too hot for anything to live there. The second is Venus. Its atmosphere is deadly. The third is Earth. It has oceans and land. It has trees and animals, and humans. The fourth planet, and last of the rock worlds, is Mars – the red planet. How much do you know about this fascinating place? LearningIsland.com believes in the value of children practicing reading for 15 minutes every day. Our 15-Minute Books give children lots of fun, exciting choices to read, from classic stories, to mysteries, to books of knowledge. Open the world of reading to a child by having them read for 15 minutes a day.

Volcano-ice Interaction on Earth and Mars

Volcano-ice Interaction on Earth and Mars
  • Author : Geological Society of London
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 1862391211
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Summary : This volume focuses on magmas and cryospheres on Earth and Mars and is the first publication of its kind to combine a thematic set of contributions addressing the diverse range of volcano-ice interactions known or thought to occur on both planets. Understanding those interactions is a comparatively young scientific endeavour, yet it is vitally important for a fuller comprehension of how planets work as integrated systems. It is also topical since future volcanic eruptions on Earth may contribute to melting ice sheets and thus to global sea level rise.

Volcanic Worlds

Volcanic Worlds
  • Author : Rosaly M.C. Lopes,Tracy K. P. Gregg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-08-31
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : 3540004319
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Summary : Written by active research scientists who study the volcanism of Earth and of other planets, the contributions provide the first general review of volcanic activity throughout the Solar System. Successive chapters describe past and present volcanic activity as it is observed throughout the Solar System. These chapters relate to readers not only our present knowledge of volcanism throughout the Solar System but also how frontline scientists working in this field conduct their research.

Volcanoes: 100 Illustrated Fun Facts

Volcanoes: 100 Illustrated Fun Facts
  • Author : Katy Gleit
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-05
  • Total pages :25
  • ISBN : 9782765905936
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Summary : This picture book is a great teaching tool for your little one and for you. It is like illustrated encyclopedia of volcanoes for every kid. The pictures are clear and the colors are nice. If you are ready to challenge your mind and prove to everyone that you are the king of volcanoes knowledge, then pick up this book and prepare for the ultimate trivia experience. Test your fact knowledge as you look at some of the most captivating facts about volcanoes. Do you know that? Japan has 10% of the world’s active volcanoes. Iceland is made up almost entirely of volcanic rocks like those found on the ocean floor. It gradually built up above sea level through intense and prolonged eruptions. In August 1986, a cloud mixture of carbon dioxide and water rose from Lake Nyos, a crater lake in Cameroon (western Africa). The heavy gas cloud flowed downhill and gathered in the valleys, asphyxiating 1,700 people and 3,500 livestock living in the villages below. An acid lake in the crater of Kawah-Idjen in Indonesia absorbs gases rising from the volcano, creating a lake so toxic it can burn through human flesh in minutes Magma is Latin for “dregs of ointment,” which derives from the Proto Indo-European mag meaning “kneading.” The term “magma” in its geological sense as molten rock was first used in 1865. The earliest known picture of a volcano is the nearly 8,000-year-old wall painting of an eruption of Hasan Dag volcano in Turkey. The houses of a town, Çatalhöyük, can be seen at the mountain’s base. In Japan, “baths” in warm volcanic sand are believed to cure many illnesses. The largest volcano found in the solar system is Olympus Mons on Mars, though it is now extinct. Venus may have at one time produced more volcanoes than any other planet in our solar system, though they are all now extinct. While no other planet besides Earth shows active volcanoes, Io, one of Jupiter’s moons, shows volcanoes that are erupting. The most lava ever recorded from a single eruption was the 1783 Laki eruption in Iceland. Though there was no single big explosion, this eruption killed one fourth of Iceland’s population by producing poisonous gases and clouds of ash that resulted in widespread crop failure and starvation. As you read this book over and over to your child it won't be long before they are the ones pointing to the picture and telling you what it is. The author Katy Gleit wrote this book for her own two grandchildren Dani and Deia: In " Volcanoes: 100 Illustrated Fun Facts " your children are given a well-selected knowledge along with entertaining information about the volcanoes. In addition, a set of wonderful pictures show exactly what a volcanoes looks like.