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Theory of Simple Liquids

Theory of Simple Liquids
  • Author : Jean-Pierre Hansen,I.R. McDonald
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-02-08
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 0080455077
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Summary : The third edition of Theory of Simple Liquids is an updated, advanced, but self-contained introduction to the principles of liquid-state theory. It presents the modern, molecular theory of the structural, thermodynamic interfacial and dynamical properties of the liquid phase of materials constituted of atoms, small molecules or ions. This book leans on concepts and methods form classical Statistical Mechanics in which theoretical predictions are systematically compared with experimental data and results from numerical simulations. The overall layout of the book is similar to that of the previous two editions however, there are considerable changes in emphasis and several key additions including: •up-to-date presentation of modern theories of liquid-vapour coexistence and criticality •areas of considerable present and future interest such as super-cooled liquids and the glass transition •the area of liquid metals, which has grown into a mature subject area, now presented as part of the chapter ionic liquids •Provides cutting-edge research in the principles of liquid-state theory •Includes frequent comparisons of theoretical predictions with experimental and simulation data •Suitable for researchers and post-graduates in the field of condensed matter science (Physics, Chemistry, Material Science), biophysics as well as those in the oil industry

Theory of Simple Liquids

Theory of Simple Liquids
  • Author : Jean-Pierre Hansen,Ian R. McDonald
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-09-24
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 9780080571010
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Summary : This book gives a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of the theory of "simple" liquids. The new second edition has been rearranged and considerably expanded to give a balanced account both of basic theory and of the advances of the past decade. It presents the main ideas of modern liquid state theory in a way that is both pedagogical and self-contained. The book should be accessible to graduate students and research workers, both experimentalists and theorists, who have a good background in elementary mechanics. Compares theoretical deductions with experimental results Molecular dynamics Monte Carlo computations Covers ionic, metallic, and molecular liquids

Theory of Simple Liquids

Theory of Simple Liquids
  • Author : Jean-Pierre Hansen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1057461423
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Summary : This book gives a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of the theory of ""simple"" liquids. The new second edition has been rearranged and considerably expanded to give a balanced account both of basic theory and of the advances of the past decade. It presents the main ideas of modern liquid state theory in a way that is both pedagogical and self-contained. The book should be accessible to graduate students and research workers, both experimentalists and theorists, who have a good background in elementary mechanics. Key Features * Compares theoretical deductions with experimental r

Theory of Simple Liquids

Theory of Simple Liquids
  • Author : Jean-Pierre Hansen,I.R. McDonald
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-12
  • Total pages :636
  • ISBN : 9780123870339
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Summary : Comprehensive coverage of topics in the theory of classical liquids Widely regarded as the standard text in its field, Theory of Simple Liquids gives an advanced but self-contained account of liquid state theory within the unifying framework provided by classical statistical mechanics. The structure of this revised and updated Fourth Edition is similar to that of the previous one but there are significant shifts in emphasis and much new material has been added. Major changes and Key Features in content include: Expansion of existing sections on simulation methods, liquid-vapour coexistence, the hierarchical reference theory of criticality, and the dynamics of super-cooled liquids. New sections on binary fluid mixtures, surface tension, wetting, the asymptotic decay of pair correlations, fluids in porous media, the thermodynamics of glasses, and fluid flow at solid surfaces. An entirely new chapter on applications to 'soft matter' of a combination of liquid state theory and coarse graining strategies, with sections on polymer solutions and polymer melts, colloidal dispersions, colloid-polymer mixtures, lyotropic liquid crystals, colloidal dynamics, and on clustering and gelation. Expansion of existing sections on simulation methods, liquid-vapour coexistence, the hierarchian reference of criticality, and the dynamics of super-cooled liquids. New sections on binary fluid mixtures, surface tension, wetting, the asymptotic decay of pair correlations, fluids in porous media, the thermodynamics of glasses, and fluid flow at solid surfaces. An entirely new chapter on applications to 'soft matter' of a combination of liquid state theory and coarse graining strategies, with sections on polymer solutions and polymer melts, colloidal dispersions, colloid-polymer mixtures, lyotropic liquid crystals, colloidal dynamics, and on clustering and gelation.

Basic Concepts for Simple and Complex Liquids

Basic Concepts for Simple and Complex Liquids
  • Author : Jean-Louis Barrat,Jean-Pierre Hansen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-03-27
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 0521789532
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Summary : Presenting a unified approach, this book focusses on the concepts and theoretical methods that are necessary for an understanding of the physics and chemistry of the fluid state. The authors do not attempt to cover the whole field in an encyclopedic manner. Instead, important ideas are presented in a concise and rigorous style, and illustrated with examples from both simple molecular liquids and more complex soft condensed matter systems such as polymers, colloids, and liquid crystals.

Nuclear Spin Relaxation in Liquids

Nuclear Spin Relaxation in Liquids
  • Author : Jozef Kowalewski,Lena Maler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-14
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 9781351264594
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Summary : Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is widely used across many fields of science because of the rich data it produces, and some of the most valuable data come from studies of nuclear spin relaxation in solution. The first edition of this book, published more than a decade ago, provided an accessible and cohesive treatment of the field. The present second edition is a significant update, covering important new developments in recent years. Collecting relaxation theory, experimental techniques, and illustrative applications into a single volume, this book clarifies the nature of the phenomenon, shows how to study it and explains why such studies are worthwhile. Coverage ranges from basic to rigorous theory and from simple to sophisticated experimental methods. Topics include cross-relaxation, multispin phenomena, relaxation studies of molecular dynamics and structure and special topics such as relaxation in systems with quadrupolar nuclei, in paramagnetic systems and in long-living spin states. Avoiding overly demanding mathematics, the authors explain spin relaxation in a manner that anyone with a familiarity with NMR can follow. The focus is on illustrating and explaining the physical nature of relaxation phenomena. Nuclear Spin Relaxation in Liquids: Theory, Experiments and Applications, 2nd edition, provides useful supplementary reading for graduate students and is a valuable reference for NMR spectroscopists, whether in chemistry, physics or biochemistry.

Statistical Mechanics of Liquids and Solutions

Statistical Mechanics of Liquids and Solutions
  • Author : Roland Kjellander
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-30
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9781482244021
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Summary : The statistical mechanical theory of liquids and solutions is a fundamental area of physical sciences with important implications for many industrial applications. This book shows how you can start from basic laws for the interactions and motions of microscopic particles and calculate how macroscopic systems of these particles behave, thereby explaining properties of matter at the scale that we perceive. Using this microscopic, molecular approach, the text emphasizes clarity of physical explanations for phenomena and mechanisms relevant to fluids, addressing the structure and behavior of liquids and solutions under various conditions. A notable feature is the author’s treatment of forces between particles that include nanoparticles, macroparticles, and surfaces. The book also provides an expanded, in-depth treatment of polar liquids and electrolytes.

Physics of Simple Liquids

Physics of Simple Liquids
  • Author : H. N. V. Temperley,John Shipley Rowlinson,G. S. Rushbrooke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1968
  • Total pages :713
  • ISBN : UOM:39015001331050
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Summary :

Theory of Simple Glasses

Theory of Simple Glasses
  • Author : Giorgio Parisi,Pierfrancesco Urbani,Francesco Zamponi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-09
  • Total pages :349
  • ISBN : 9781107191075
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Summary : This self-contained text describes the modern mean field theory of simple structural glasses using a quantum statistical mechanical approach. Describing the theory in clear and simple terms, this is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers working in condensed matter physics and statistical mechanics.

Quantum Theory of the Electron Liquid

Quantum Theory of the Electron Liquid
  • Author : Gabriele Giuliani,Giovanni Vignale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-31
  • Total pages :777
  • ISBN : 0521821126
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Summary : Modern electronic devices and novel materials often derive their extraordinary properties from the intriguing, complex behavior of large numbers of electrons forming what is known as an electron liquid. This book provides an in-depth introduction to the physics of the interacting electron liquid in a broad variety of systems, including metals, semiconductors, artificial nano-structures, atoms and molecules. One, two and three dimensional systems are treated separately and in parallel. Different phases of the electron liquid, from the Landau Fermi liquid to the Wigner crystal, from the Luttinger liquid to the quantum Hall liquid are extensively discussed. Both static and time-dependent density functional theory are presented in detail. Although the emphasis is on the development of the basic physical ideas and on a critical discussion of the most useful approximations, the formal derivation of the results is highly detailed and based on the simplest, most direct methods.

The Statistical Mechanics of Simple Liquids

The Statistical Mechanics of Simple Liquids
  • Author : Stuart Alan Rice,Peter Gray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1965
  • Total pages :582
  • ISBN : UOM:39015001321697
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Summary :

Statistical Mechanics of Nonequilibrium Liquids

Statistical Mechanics of Nonequilibrium Liquids
  • Author : Denis J. Evans,Gary P. Morriss
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-01
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9781921313233
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Summary : "There is a symbiotic relationship between theoretical nonequilibrium statistical mechanics on the one hand and the theory and practice of computer simulation on the other. Sometimes, the initiative for progress has been with the pragmatic requirements of computer simulation and at other times, the initiative has been with the fundamental theory of nonequilibrium processes. This book summarises progress in this field up to 1990"--Publisher's description.

A Concise Course on the Theory of Classical Liquids

A Concise Course on the Theory of Classical Liquids
  • Author : Andrés Santos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-13
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 9783319296685
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Summary : This short primer offers non-specialist readers a concise, yet comprehensive introduction to the field of classical fluids – providing both fundamental information and a number of selected topics to bridge the gap between the basics and ongoing research. In particular, hard-sphere systems represent a favorite playground in statistical mechanics, both in and out of equilibrium, as they represent the simplest models of many-body systems of interacting particles, and at higher temperature and densities they have proven to be very useful as reference systems for real fluids. Moreover, their usefulness in the realm of soft condensed matter has become increasingly recognized – for instance, the effective interaction among (sterically stabilized) colloidal particles can be tuned to almost perfectly match the hard-sphere model. These lecture notes present a brief, self-contained overview of equilibrium statistical mechanics of classical fluids, with special applications to both the structural and thermodynamic properties of systems made of particles interacting via the hard-sphere potential or closely related model potentials. In particular it addresses the exact statistical-mechanical properties of one-dimensional systems, the issue of thermodynamic (in)consistency among different routes in the context of several approximate theories, and the construction of analytical or semi-analytical approximations for the structural properties. Written pedagogically at the graduate level, with many figures, tables, photographs, and guided end-of-chapter exercises, this introductory text benefits students and newcomers to the field alike.

Statistical Physics of Crystals and Liquids

Statistical Physics of Crystals and Liquids
  • Author : Duane C Wallace
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-01-13
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9789814487801
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Summary : This important book presents a unified formulation from first principles of the Hamiltonian and statistical mechanics of metallic and insulating crystals, amorphous solids, and liquids. Extensive comparison of theory and experiment provides an accurate understanding of the statistical properties of phonons, electrons, and phonon–phonon and electron–phonon interactions in elemental crystals and liquids. Questions are posed along the following lines: What is the “best” theory for a given property? How accurate is a good theory? What information is gained by a comparison of theory and experiment? How accurate is a good experiment? Contents:Condensed Matter HamiltonianStatistical MechanicsLattice DynamicsStatistical Mechanics of CrystalsLiquid Dynamics and Statistical MechanicsPhase Transitions and Nonequilibrium Processes Readership: Researchers, academics and graduate students in condensed matter physics. Keywords:Condensed Matter Hamiltonian;Statistical Mechanics;Lattice Dynamics;Crystals;Liquid Dynamics;Phase Transitions;Metastable StatesReviews:“This is a valuable and clearly written book in an important area of condensed matter theory. There is extensive contact between theoretical predictions and experiments. For both students and young research workers there are useful collections of problems which lead to further insight into the area covered. Quantitative equations of state are given prominence.”Norman H March Oxford University “This is an authoritative account of the physics and thermodynamics behind an understanding of the equation of state. It concentrates on elements and the use of pseudopotential perturbation theory for the simple metals provides insight and a basis for computer simulations. The account combines careful theoretical analyses, and Local-Density-Theory results, with interpretation of the best experimental data available and may be unique in incorporating the liquid, as well as the crystalline state. The very complete set of problems included would make it very appropriate as the text for a general course on the equation of state.”Walt Harrison Stanford University “Whatever the author does, he does it first class. His book is something we use to gauge excellence in the field, and I have no doubt that this one will be no exception. But this book is different from other books he wrote. It is more personal in that he has not hesitated to express his personal views strongly, but in a scholarly fashion.”Y Horie Los Alamos National Laboratory “This is a book of condensed matter physics that gives equal emphasis to solids and liquids. The author focuses on the equation of state of the simple elements and reviews the methods for passing from the Hamiltonian through statistical mechanics to the equation of state of the solid and liquid and the computation of the melting curve. For the reader who wants an introduction to the capability of modern statistical physics for accurate prediction of thermodynamic functions, this is the book.”David Young Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory “This book, in my mind, represents an extremely powerful resource to any researcher working in condensed matter physics and especially equation of state theory. It is clear from 'Statistical Physics of Crystals and Liquids' that Dr Wallace has a special gift of taking complex physics concepts and explaining them with the greatest of clarity. His ability clearly distinguishes this book from those written by more novice authors … In summary, I believe this book should be highly marketed as I expect that there is a large condensed matter community that would benefit from reading it.”Brad Clements Los Alamos National Laboratory “The three investigated subjects, only fragments of which are covered in other textbooks and research treatises, make this book a very useful one for specialists in statistical mechanics and structure of matter.”Zentralblatt MATH “… the book comprises a brisk overview of solids that reaches timely topics of nonequilibrium processes … its structure lends itself well to being used as an instructional text in either an advanced undergraduate course or a graduate treatment of the subject … The review of statistical mechanics is straightforward to anyone with prior exposure to the subject, and is nearly complete … Wallace has done an excellent job of achieving the goals set out in the introduction of the book in a format that is clean and easy to read with a notation that is not confusing.”MRS Bulletin “This book covers ‘equation of state’ but also atomic dynamics. In these fields it offers a useful summary of methods and results, which prove how successful modern computational methods have become.”Contemporary Physics

Local Density Theory of Polarizability

Local Density Theory of Polarizability
  • Author : Gerald D. Mahan,K.R. Subbaswamy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : 9781489924865
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Summary : During the past decade the theoretical physics community has learned how to evaluate accurately polarizabilities and susceptibilities for many-electron systems such as atoms, solids, and liquids. The most accurate numerical technique employs a method often called the Time-Dependent Local Density Approximation, which is abbreviated TDLDA. The present volume is a review of recent research on the theory of po larizabilities and susceptibilities. Both authors have been doing these cal culations. However, this review surveys the entire field, summarizing the research of many contributors. The application of an external field, either ac or de, will induce a dipole moment which can be calculated and compared with experiment. For mod erately strong fields, both linear and nonlinear processes contribute to the moment. We cover topics such as polarizability, hyperpolarizability, pho toionization, phonons, and piezoelectricity. Density functional theory in the Local Density Approximation (LDA) has been shown to be a very accurate method for calculating ground state prop erties of electronic system. For static external fields, the induced moments are properties of the ground state. Then the calculation of the polarizability · is very accurate. For ac fields, the moment is not part of the ground state. However, the TDLDA methods are still very accurate.

Structural Glasses and Supercooled Liquids

Structural Glasses and Supercooled Liquids
  • Author : Peter G. Wolynes,Vassiliy Lubchenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-10
  • Total pages :391
  • ISBN : 9780470452233
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Summary : With contributions from 24 global experts in diverse fields, and edited by world-recognized leaders in physical chemistry, chemical physics and biophysics, Structural Glasses and Supercooled Liquids: Theory, Experiment, and Applications presents a modern, complete survey of glassy phenomena in many systems based on firmly established characteristics of the underlying molecular motions as deduced by first principle theoretical calculations, or with direct/single-molecule experimental techniques. A well-rounded view of a variety of disordered systems where cooperative phenomena, which are epitomized by supercooled liquids, take place is provided. These systems include structural glasses and supercooled liquids, polymers, complex liquids, protein conformational dynamics, and strongly interacting electron systems with quenched/self-generated disorder. Detailed calculations and reasoned arguments closely corresponding with experimental data are included, making the book accessible to an educated non-expert reader.

Liquid-Liquid and Solid-Liquid Extractors

Liquid-Liquid and Solid-Liquid Extractors
  • Author : Jean-Paul Duroudier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-21
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 9780081017852
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Summary : Liquid-Liquid and Solid-Liquid Extractors, part of the Industrial Equipment for Chemical Engineering set, presents a concise and easy-to-use book on the calculation of differential liquid–liquid extraction, an investigation of equilibrium and material transfer between a fluid and a divided solid, and the fundamentals of liquid–solid extraction, among other strategies. The author also provides methods needed for the understanding the machinery used in applied thermodynamics in the hopes of encouraging students and engineers to construct the programs they need. Chapters are complemented with appendices which provide additional information and associated references. Presents reliable and simple methods of extraction and partitioning Provides a clear analysis on the topic of liquid-liquid and solid-liquid extraction Includes practical applications that readers can implement and study

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter
  • Author : Anatoly I. Burshtein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-11
  • Total pages :349
  • ISBN : 9783527618125
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Summary : Imparts the similarities and differences between ratified and condensed matter, classical and quantum systems as well as real and ideal gases. Presents the quasi-thermodynamic theory of gas-liquid interface and its application for density profile calculation within the van der Waals theory of surface tension. Uses inductive logic to lead readers from observation and facts to personal interpretation and from specific conclusions to general ones.

Molecular Hydrodynamics

Molecular Hydrodynamics
  • Author : Jean Pierre Boon,Sidney Yip
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-01-01
  • Total pages :417
  • ISBN : 0486669491
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Summary : A graduate level introduction to the theory and applications of time correlation functions and the molecular theory of fluid dynamics. "Quite well organized . . . the literature coverage is impressive." — Physics Today. 110 illustrations.

Intermolecular and Surface Forces

Intermolecular and Surface Forces
  • Author : Jacob N. Israelachvili
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-29
  • Total pages :710
  • ISBN : 0080923631
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Summary : This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition. · starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems · covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels · multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields · This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)

Theory of the Inhomogeneous Electron Gas

Theory of the Inhomogeneous Electron Gas
  • Author : Stig Lundqvist,Norman H. March
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 9781489904157
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Summary : The theory of the inhomogeneous electron gas had its origin in the Thomas Fermi statistical theory, which is discussed in the first chapter of this book. This already leads to significant physical results for the binding energies of atomic ions, though because it leaves out shell structure the results of such a theory cannot reflect the richness of the Periodic Table. Therefore, for a long time, the earlier method proposed by Hartree, in which each electron is assigned its own personal wave function and energy, dominated atomic theory. The extension of the Hartree theory by Fock, to include exchange, had its parallel in the density description when Dirac showed how to incorporate exchange in the Thomas-Fermi theory. Considerably later, in 1951, Slater, in an important paper, showed how a result similar to but not identical with that of Dirac followed as a simplification of the Hartree-Fock method. It was Gombas and other workers who recognized that one could also incorporate electron correlation consistently into the Thomas-Fermi-Dirac theory by using uniform electron gas relations locally, and progress had been made along all these avenues by the 1950s.