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Toxicogenomics-Based Cellular Models

Toxicogenomics-Based Cellular Models
  • Author : Jos Kleinjans
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-02
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 9780123978714
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Summary : Toxicogenomics-Based Cellular Models is a unique and valuable reference for all academic and professional researchers employing toxicogenomic methods with respect to animal testing for chemical safety. This resource offers cutting-edge information on the application of toxicogenomics to developing alternatives to current animal toxicity tests. By illustrating the development of toxicogenomics-based cellular models for critical endpoints of toxicity and providing real-world examples for validation and data analysis, this book provides an assessment of the current state of the field, as well as opportunities and challenges for the future. Written by renowned international toxicological experts, this book explores ‘omics technology for developing new assays for toxicity testing and safety assessment and provides the reader with a focused examination of alternative means to animal testing. Describes the state-of-the-art in developing toxicogenomics-based cellular models for chemical-induced carcinogenicity, immunotoxicity, developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity and reproduction toxicity Illustrates how to validate toxicogenomics-based alternative test models and provides an outlook to societal and economic implementation of these novel assays Includes an overview of current testing methods and risk assessment frameworks Provides a real-world assessment by articulating the current development and challenges in toxicogenomics while suggesting ways to move this field forward

Exam Prep for: Toxicogenomics-based Cellular Models; ...

Exam Prep for: Toxicogenomics-based Cellular Models; ...
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Information Resources in Toxicology

Information Resources in Toxicology
  • Author : Steve Gilbert,Asish Mohapatra,Sol Bobst,Antoinette Hayes,Sara T. Humes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-16
  • Total pages :1054
  • ISBN : 9780128137253
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Summary : This new fifth edition of Information Resources in Toxicology offers a consolidated entry portal for the study, research, and practice of toxicology. Both volumes represents a unique, wide-ranging, curated, international, annotated bibliography, and directory of major resources in toxicology and allied fields such as environmental and occupational health, chemical safety, and risk assessment. The editors and authors are among the leaders of the profession sharing their cumulative wisdom in toxicology’s subdisciplines. This edition keeps pace with the digital world in directing and linking readers to relevant websites and other online tools. Due to the increasing size of the hardcopy publication, the current edition has been divided into two volumes to make it easier to handle and consult. Volume 1: Background, Resources, and Tools, arranged in 5 parts, begins with chapters on the science of toxicology, its history, and informatics framework in Part 1. Part 2 continues with chapters organized by more specific subject such as cancer, clinical toxicology, genetic toxicology, etc. The categorization of chapters by resource format, for example, journals and newsletters, technical reports, organizations constitutes Part 3. Part 4 further considers toxicology’s presence via the Internet, databases, and software tools. Among the miscellaneous topics in the concluding Part 5 are laws and regulations, professional education, grants and funding, and patents. Volume 2: The Global Arena offers contributed chapters focusing on the toxicology contributions of over 40 countries, followed by a glossary of toxicological terms and an appendix of popular quotations related to the field. The book, offered in both print and electronic formats, is carefully structured, indexed, and cross-referenced to enable users to easily find answers to their questions or serendipitously locate useful knowledge they were not originally aware they needed. Among the many timely topics receiving increased emphasis are disaster preparedness, nanotechnology, -omics, risk assessment, societal implications such as ethics and the precautionary principle, climate change, and children’s environmental health. Introductory chapters provide a backdrop to the science of toxicology, its history, the origin and status of toxicoinformatics, and starting points for identifying resources. Offers an extensive array of chapters organized by subject, each highlighting resources such as journals, databases,organizations, and review articles. Includes chapters with an emphasis on format such as government reports, general interest publications, blogs, and audiovisuals. Explores recent internet trends, web-based databases, and software tools in a section on the online environment. Concludes with a miscellany of special topics such as laws and regulations, chemical hazard communication resources, careers and professional education, K-12 resources, funding, poison control centers, and patents. Paired with Volume Two, which focuses on global resources, this set offers the most comprehensive compendium of print, digital, and organizational resources in the toxicological sciences with over 120 chapters contributions by experts and leaders in the field.

Big Data in Predictive Toxicology

Big Data in Predictive Toxicology
  • Author : Andrea-Nicole Richarz,Daniel Neagu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-10
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9781839160820
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Summary : The rate at which toxicological data is generated is continually becoming more rapid and the volume of data generated is growing dramatically. This is due in part to advances in software solutions and cheminformatics approaches which increase the availability of open data from chemical, biological and toxicological and high throughput screening resources. However, the amplified pace and capacity of data generation achieved by these novel techniques presents challenges for organising and analysing data output. Big Data in Predictive Toxicology discusses these challenges as well as the opportunities of new techniques encountered in data science. It addresses the nature of toxicological big data, their storage, analysis and interpretation. It also details how these data can be applied in toxicity prediction, modelling and risk assessment. This title is of particular relevance to researchers and postgraduates working and studying in the fields of computational methods, applied and physical chemistry, cheminformatics, biological sciences, predictive toxicology and safety and hazard assessment.

Integrative Toxicogenomics: Analytical Strategies to Amalgamate Exposure Effects with Genomic Sciences

Integrative Toxicogenomics: Analytical Strategies to Amalgamate Exposure Effects with Genomic Sciences
  • Author : Pierre R. Bushel,Weida Tong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-09
  • Total pages :112
  • ISBN : 9782889457663
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Summary : Toxicogenomics combines the use of toxicology and genomic sciences to elucidate chemical, toxic and environmental stressor effects on biological systems. Integrative toxicogenomics requires innovation in bioinformatics, statistics and systems toxicology and typically a combination of the utility of two of more of these disciplines to better understand molecular mechanisms involved in toxic responses. This Frontiers in Toxicogenomics Research Topic eBook focuses on integrative toxicogenomics more so at the late stage (analyzing each data set separately and then merging the results ) and brings together analyses that combine gene expression (microarray, TempO-Seq or RNA-Seq) with other data (biological assays, clinical chemistry, therapeutic categories or molecular pathways) or highlights data analytics that leverage bioinformatics and statistics. The eight articles illustrate the state-of-art in the field and the analysis of toxicogenomics data for a more comprehensive deduction of biological mechanisms and cellular functions associated with adverse outcomes from environmental exposures, chemicals and toxicants. However, it is clear that the field of integrative toxicogenomics needs considerably more attention paid to it in order to develop other clever ways of integrating the data for analysis.

Translating Diverse Environmental Data into Reliable Information

Translating Diverse Environmental Data into Reliable Information
  • Author : Daniel Vallero
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-15
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9780128124475
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Summary : Translating Diverse Environmental Data into Reliable Information: How to Coordinate Evidence from Different Sources is a resource for building environmental knowledge, particularly in the era of Big Data. Environmental scientists, engineers, educators and students will find it essential to determine data needs, assess their quality, and efficiently manage their findings. Decision makers can explore new open access databases and tools, especially portals and dashboards. The book demonstrates how environmental knowledgebases are and can be built to meet the needs of modern students and professionals. Topics covered include concepts and principles that underpin air, water, and other public health and ecological topics. Integrated and systems perspectives are woven throughout, with clues on how to build and apply interdisciplinary data, which can increasingly be obtained from sources ranging from peer-reviewed research appearing in scientific journals to information gathered by citizen scientists. This opens the door to using vast amounts of open data and the necessary quality assurance and metadata considerations for their countless applications. Provides tools to manage data of varying sizes and quality Identifies both opportunities and cautions in using “other people’s data Updates physical, chemical and biological factors that must be considered in risk evaluations and life cycle assessments Applies to data collected by academic, governmental, businesses, and citizen scientists across environmental systems Improves readers’ ability to organize and visualize their work in the age of Big Data

Toxicogenomics in non-mammalian species

Toxicogenomics in non-mammalian species
  • Author : Stephen Sturzenbaum, Michael Aschner,Jonathan Freedman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889190645
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Summary : Some molecules or conditions are exclusively toxic to biological systems and classified as being non-essential; others are essential for life. Nevertheless, above certain threshold even the essential will become toxic. Tightly controlled homeostatic control mechanisms are thus vital drivers of well being, longevity and survival. The identification and characterization of these intricate pathways form the foundations of Toxicogenomics. The initiation, and indeed completion, of numerous non-mammalian genome-sequencing projects, has driven the exponential growth of available genetic sequences. Collating this vast amount of data into functional and mechanistically meaningful units will provide novel insights into pathogenesis, new methods of risk assessment, genetic risk-modifications in preventative medicine and new therapeutic targets for pharmaceutical and biological medicines. This Research Topic issue will explore the current knowledgebase pertaining to the multitude of genomic and toxicological tools within non-mammalian organisms. The encyclopaedic coverage will span the full taxonomic breadth ranging from simple unicellular bacteria and yeast to complex creatures such as birds and fish. The resulting collection of unique, complimentary or indeed contrasting approaches, tools and technologies (which are defined by the availability and feasibility for each organism to study genomics of xenobiotic or stress biology) will not only foster cross-phyla awareness but expand the horizon of Toxicogenomics.

Applications of Toxicogenomics in Safety Evaluation and Risk Assessment

Applications of Toxicogenomics in Safety Evaluation and Risk Assessment
  • Author : Darrell R. Boverhof,B. Bhaskar Gollapudi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-11
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 1118008987
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Summary : This book provides a timely overview of toxicogenomics, with special emphasis on the practical applications of this technology to the risk assessment process. Introductory sections are followed by a series of chapters highlighting practical and systematic applications of toxicogenomics in informing the risk assessment process – including the areas of mutagenicity, carcinogenicity, endocrine toxicity, organ-specific toxicity, population monitoring, and ecotoxicology. The book concludes with approaches for the integration of this technology in safety evaluation studies, and an outlook on how toxicogenomics and complementary technologies can reframe the current risk assessment paradigm.

Toxicogenomics in Predictive Carcinogenicity

Toxicogenomics in Predictive Carcinogenicity
  • Author : Michael D. Waters,Russell S. Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-10
  • Total pages :524
  • ISBN : 9781782621621
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Summary : Describes toxicogenomics methods in predictive carcinogenicity testing and cancer risk assessment. Addresses the use of stem cells and bioinformatics in toxicogenomics. For postgraduates, academics and industrialists.

Comparative Toxicogenomics

Comparative Toxicogenomics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-11
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 0080560024
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Summary : Functional genomics has come of age. No longer is it an adventure for the avant garde scientist, but it has become an increasingly standardized mainstream tool accessible to any modern biological laboratory. Toxicogenomics studies are now generating an avalanche of data that, with the aid of established informatics methodology, is being translated into biologically meaningful information. This is enabling us to start harvesting the benefits from years of investment in terms of technology, time, and (of course) money. It is therefore timely to bring together leading toxicologists with a wide variety of scientific aims in this book to demonstrate how microarray technology can be successfully applied to different research areas. This book transects biology from bacteria to human, from ecologically relevant sentinel organisms to well-characterized model species, and represents the full toxicogenomics arena from exploratory "blue sky" science to the prospects for incorporation into regulatory frameworks. * Reviews some of the first really fruitful studies made in this area * Covers different organisms ranging from humans to model species and environmental sentinels * Provides a broad view of the area, increasing its attractiveness to researchers working in a variety of specialties

Toxicogenomics

Toxicogenomics
  • Author : Hisham K. Hamadeh,Cynthia A. Afshari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-09-06
  • Total pages :361
  • ISBN : 0471434175
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Summary : Toxicogenomics: Principles and Applications fills the need for a single, thorough text on the key breakthrough technologies in genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and bioinformatics, and their applications to toxicology research. The first section following a general introduction is on genomics and toxicogenomics, and qPCR. The next sections are toxicoproteomics and metabolomics. The final section covers bioinformatics aspects, from databases to data integration strategies. A practical resource for specialists and non-specialists alike, this book includes numerous illustrations that support the textual explanations. It offers practical guidance to investigators wishing to pursue this line of research, and lists key relevant software and Internet resources.

Pluripotent Stem Cell Biology

Pluripotent Stem Cell Biology
  • Author : Craig Atwood,Sivan Vadakkadath Meethal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-02
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9789535115908
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Summary : Pluripotent stem cells have the potential to revolutionize treatment options for a range of diseases and conditions. This book presents recent advances in our understanding of the biological mechanisms of stem cell self-renewal, reprograming and regeneration. Also covered are novel methodological advances in the culture, purification and use of stem cells, as well as the ethical and moral dilemmas of embryo donation and adoption. These advances will shape the utilization of stem cells for future basic and applied applications.

Predictive Toxicology

Predictive Toxicology
  • Author : Friedlieb Pfannkuch,Laura Suter-Dick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-22
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9783527336081
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Summary : Tailored to the needs of drug developers, this one-stop reference for medicinal chemists covers all the latest developments in the field of predictive toxicology and its applications in safety assessment. With a keen emphasis on novel approaches, the topics have been tackled by selected expert scientists, who are familiar with the theoretical scientific background as well as with the practical application of current methods. Emerging technologies in toxicity assessment are introduced and evaluated in terms of their predictive power, with separate sections on computer predictions and simulation methods, novel in vitro systems including those employing stem cells, toxicogenomics and novel biomarkers. In each case, the most promising methods are discussed and compared to classical in vitro and in vivo toxicology assays. Finally, an outlook section discusses such forward-looking topics as immunotoxicology assessment and novel regulatory requirements. With its wealth of methodological knowledge and its critical evaluation of modern approaches, this is a valuable guide for toxicologists working in pharmaceutical development, as well as in safety assessment and the regulation of drugs and chemicals.

Stem Cells in Toxicology and Medicine

Stem Cells in Toxicology and Medicine
  • Author : Saura C. Sahu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-13
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9781119135425
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Summary : A comprehensive and authoritative compilation of up-to-date developments in stem cell research and its use in toxicology and medicine Presented by internationally recognized investigators in this exciting field of scientific research Provides an insight into the current trends and future directions of research in this rapidly developing new field A valuable and excellent source of authoritative and up-to-date information for researchers, toxicologists, drug industry, risk assessors and regulators in academia, industry and government

The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology

The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-20
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780128136980
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Summary : The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology uses a chronological approach to demonstrate how the use of alternative methods has evolved from their conception as adjuncts to traditional animal toxicity tests to replacements for them. This volume in the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series explores the history of alternative test development, validation, and use, with an emphasis on humanity and good science, in line with the Three Rs (Replacement,Reduction, Refinement) concept expounded by William Russell and Rex Burch in 1959 in their now classic volume, The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. The book describes the historical development of technologies that have influenced the application of alternatives in toxicology and safety testing. These range from single cell monocultures to sophisticated, miniaturised and microfluidic organism-on-a-chip devices, and also include molecular modelling, chemoinformatics and QSAR analysis, and the use of stem cells, tissue engineering and hollow fibre bioreactors. This has been facilitated by the wider availability of human tissues, advances in tissue culture, analytical and diagnostic methods, increases in computational processing, capabilities, and a greater understanding of cell biology and molecular mechanisms of toxicity. These technological developments have enhanced the range and information content of the toxicity endpoints detected, and therefore the relevance of test systems and data interpretation, while new techniques for non-invasive diagnostic imaging and high resolution detection methods have permitted an increased role for human studies. Several key examples of how these technologies are being harnessed to meet 21st century safety assessment challenges are provided, including their deployment in integrated testing schemes in conjunction with kinetic modelling, and in specialized areas, such as inhalation toxicity studies. The History of Alternative Test Methods in Toxicology uses a chronological approach to demonstrate how the use of alternative methods has evolved from their conception as adjuncts to traditional animal toxicity tests to replacements for them. This volume in the History of Toxicology and Environmental Health series explores the history of alternative test development, validation, and use, with an emphasis on humanity and good science, in line with the Three Rs (Replacement, Reduction, Refinement) concept expounded by William Russell and Rex Burch in 1959 in their now-classic volume, The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. The book describes the historical development of technologies that have influenced the application of alternatives in toxicology and safety testing. These range from single cell monocultures to sophisticated miniaturised and microfluidic organism-on-a-chip devices, and also include molecular modelling, chemoinformatics and QSAR analysis, and the use of stem cells, tissue engineering and hollow fibre bioreactors. This has been facilitated by the wider availability of human tissues, advances in tissue culture, analytical and diagnostic methods, increases in computational processing capabilities, and a greater understanding of cell biology and molecular mechanisms of toxicity. These technological developments have enhanced the range and information content of the toxicity endpoints detected, and therefore the relevance of test systems and data interpretation, while new techniques for non-invasive diagnostic imaging and high resolution detection methods have permitted an increased role for human studies. Several key examples of how these technologies are being harnessed to meet 21st century safety assessment challenges are provided, including their deployment in integrated testing schemes in conjunction with kinetic modelling, and in specialised areas, such as inhalation toxicity studies.

Biomarkers in Toxicology

Biomarkers in Toxicology
  • Author : Ramesh C. Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-13
  • Total pages :1246
  • ISBN : 9780128146569
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Summary : Biomarkers in Toxicology, Second Edition, is a timely and comprehensive reference dedicated to all aspects of biomarkers that relate to chemical exposure and their effects on biological systems. This revised and completely updated edition includes both vertebrate and non-vertebrate species models for toxicological testing and the development of biomarkers. Divided into several key sections, this reference volume contains new chapters devoted to topics in microplastics, neuroimmunotoxicity and nutraceuticals, along with a look at the latest cutting-edge technologies used to detect biomarkers. Each chapter contains several references to current literature and important resources for further reading. Given this comprehensive treatment, this book is an essential reference for anyone interested in biomarkers across the scientific and biomedical fields. Evaluates the expansive literature, providing one resource covering all aspects of toxicology biomarkers Includes completely revised chapters, along with additional chapters on the newest developments in the field Identifies and discusses the most sensitive, accurate, unique and validated biomarkers used as indicators of exposure Covers special topics and applications of biomarkers, including chapters on molecular toxicology biomarkers, biomarker analysis for nanotoxicology, development of biomarkers for drug efficacy evaluation, and much more

Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment

Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Applications of Toxicogenomic Technologies to Predictive Toxicology
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-19
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 0309178894
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Summary : The new field of toxicogenomics presents a potentially powerful set of tools to better understand the health effects of exposures to toxicants in the environment. At the request of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the National Research Council assembled a committee to identify the benefits of toxicogenomics, the challenges to achieving them, and potential approaches to overcoming such challenges. The report concludes that realizing the potential of toxicogenomics to improve public health decisions will require a concerted effort to generate data, make use of existing data, and study data in new ways--an effort requiring funding, interagency coordination, and data management strategies.

Crop Spraying and the Health of Residents and Bystanders

Crop Spraying and the Health of Residents and Bystanders
  • Author : Great Britain. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924103894147
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Summary :

OMICS

OMICS
  • Author : Debmalya Barh,Kenneth Blum,Margaret A. Madigan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-21
  • Total pages :613
  • ISBN : 9781439850084
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Summary : A reflection of the explosion of research and development in this field, OMICS: Biomedical Perspectives and Applications explores applications of omics in bioinformatics, cancer research and therapy, diabetes research, plant science, molecular biology, and neurosciences. A select editorial panel of experts discusses their cutting edge omics research and novel technologies, supplying a basic platform of methods and applications and a resource for enhanced cross-pollination in a multiomics approach to future endeavors in the fertile fields of omics research. After an introduction on the omics universe, the book presents modern omics and its applications in nanotechnology, genomics, proteomics, metagenomics, toxicogenomics, immunomics, nutrigenomics, diabetes, neurology, cardiology, and cancer to name just a few. The book begins with an overview of omics and omic technologies such as cellomics, glycomics, and lipidomics. It also discusses bioinformatics, demonstrating how it can be a tool in omics, and examines the various approaches of omics technology in toxicology research and applications in biomedical sciences. While there are a long list of omics books available, most focus narrowly on one area. Presenting a wide view of the current status of integrative omics, this resource contains complete coverage of omics in research and therapy, ranging from neuroscience to cardiology. It collates recent developments in the field into a state-of-the-art framework for this discipline.

Toxicogenomic Technologies and Risk Assessment of Environmental Carcinogens

Toxicogenomic Technologies and Risk Assessment of Environmental Carcinogens
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Emerging Issues and Data on Environmental Contaminants,Committee on How Toxicogenomics Could Inform Critical Issues in Carcinogenic Risk Assessment of Environmental Chemicals
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-10-17
  • Total pages :68
  • ISBN : 030918178X
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Summary : Toxicogenomics is a discipline that combines expertise in toxicology, genetics, molecular biology, and environmental health to help understand the response of living organisms to stressful environments. The National Research Council convened a workshop to discuss how toxicogenomic data could be applied to improve risk assessments, particularly cancer risk from environmental exposure to chemicals. Risk assessments serve as the basis of many public-health decisions in environmental, occupational, and consumer protection from chemicals. The workshop provided a forum for communities of experts, including those working in "-omics" and those in the policy arena, to discuss where their fields intersect, and how toxicogenomics could address critical knowledge gaps in risk assessments.

Genetic Engineering News

Genetic Engineering News
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105123646494
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Summary :