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Traffic Flow Theory

Traffic Flow Theory
  • Author : Daiheng Ni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-09
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9780128041475
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Summary : Creating Traffic Models is a challenging task because some of their interactions and system components are difficult to adequately express in a mathematical form. Traffic Flow Theory: Characteristics, Experimental Methods, and Numerical Techniques provide traffic engineers with the necessary methods and techniques for mathematically representing traffic flow. The book begins with a rigorous but easy to understand exposition of traffic flow characteristics including Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and traffic sensing technologies. Includes worked out examples and cases to illustrate concepts, models, and theories Provides modeling and analytical procedures for supporting different aspects of traffic analyses for supporting different flow models Carefully explains the dynamics of traffic flow over time and space

An Introduction to Traffic Flow Theory

An Introduction to Traffic Flow Theory
  • Author : Lily Elefteriadou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-19
  • Total pages :251
  • ISBN : 9781461484356
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Summary : This text provides a comprehensive and concise treatment of the topic of traffic flow theory and includes several topics relevant to today’s highway transportation system. It provides the fundamental principles of traffic flow theory as well as applications of those principles for evaluating specific types of facilities (freeways, intersections, etc.). Newer concepts of Intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and their potential impact on traffic flow are discussed. State-of-the-art in traffic flow research and microscopic traffic analysis and traffic simulation have significantly advanced and are also discussed in this text. Real world examples and useful problem sets complement each chapter. This textbook is meant for use in advanced undergraduate/graduate level courses in traffic flow theory with prerequisites including two semesters of calculus, statistics, and an introductory course in transportation. The text would also be of interest to transportation professionals as a refresher in traffic flow theory, or as a reference. Students and engineers of diverse backgrounds will find this text accessible and applicable to today’s traffic issues.

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control

Introduction to Modern Traffic Flow Theory and Control
  • Author : Boris S. Kerner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-16
  • Total pages :265
  • ISBN : 9783642026058
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Summary : The understanding of empirical traf?c congestion occurring on unsignalized mul- lane highways and freeways is a key for effective traf?c management, control, or- nization, and other applications of transportation engineering. However, the traf?c ?ow theories and models that dominate up to now in transportation research journals and teaching programs of most universities cannot explain either traf?c breakdown or most features of the resulting congested patterns. These theories are also the - sis of most dynamic traf?c assignment models and freeway traf?c control methods, which therefore are not consistent with features of real traf?c. For this reason, the author introduced an alternative traf?c ?ow theory called three-phase traf?c theory, which can predict and explain the empirical spatiot- poral features of traf?c breakdown and the resulting traf?c congestion. A previous book “The Physics of Traf?c” (Springer, Berlin, 2004) presented a discussion of the empirical spatiotemporal features of congested traf?c patterns and of three-phase traf?c theory as well as their engineering applications. Rather than a comprehensive analysis of empirical and theoretical results in the ?eld, the present book includes no more empirical and theoretical results than are necessary for the understanding of vehicular traf?c on unsignalized multi-lane roads. The main objectives of the book are to present an “elementary” traf?c ?ow theory and control methods as well as to show links between three-phase traf?c t- ory and earlier traf?c ?ow theories. The need for such a book follows from many commentsofcolleaguesmadeafterpublicationofthebook“ThePhysicsofTraf?c”.

Traffic Flow Theory and Control

Traffic Flow Theory and Control
  • Author : Donald R. Drew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1968
  • Total pages :467
  • ISBN : NWU:35556022338883
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Summary :

Traffic Flow Theory and Applications

Traffic Flow Theory and Applications
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1976
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:630986742
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Summary :

Introduction to the Theory of Traffic Flow

Introduction to the Theory of Traffic Flow
  • Author : Wilhelm Leutzbach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 9783642613531
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Summary : This book describes a coherent approach to the explanation of the movement of individual vehicles or groups of vehicles. To avoid possible misunderstandings, some preliminary remarks are called for. 1. This is intended to be a textbook. It brings together methods and approaches that are widely distributed throughout the literature and that are therefore difficult to assess. Text citations of sources have been avoided; literature references are listed together at the end of the book. 2. The book is intended primarily for students of engineering. It describes the theoretical background necessary for an understanding of the methods by which links in a road network are designed and dimensioned or by which traffic is controlled; the methods themselves are not dealt with. It may also assist those actually working in such sectors to interpret the results of traffic flow measure ments more accurately than has hitherto been the case. 3. The book deals with traffic flow on links between nodes, and not at nodes themselves. Many readers will probably regret this, since nodes are usually the bottlenecks which limit the capacity of the road network. A book dedicated to the node would be the obvious follow-up. A separation of link and node is justified, however, partly because the quantity of material has to be kept within reasonable bounds and partly because the treatment of traffic flow at nodes requires additional mathematical techniques (in particular, those relating to queueing theory).

Traffic Flow Dynamics

Traffic Flow Dynamics
  • Author : Martin Treiber,Arne Kesting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-11
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9783642324598
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Summary : This textbook provides a comprehensive and instructive coverage of vehicular traffic flow dynamics and modeling. It makes this fascinating interdisciplinary topic, which to date was only documented in parts by specialized monographs, accessible to a broad readership. Numerous figures and problems with solutions help the reader to quickly understand and practice the presented concepts. This book is targeted at students of physics and traffic engineering and, more generally, also at students and professionals in computer science, mathematics, and interdisciplinary topics. It also offers material for project work in programming and simulation at college and university level. The main part, after presenting different categories of traffic data, is devoted to a mathematical description of the dynamics of traffic flow, covering macroscopic models which describe traffic in terms of density, as well as microscopic many-particle models in which each particle corresponds to a vehicle and its driver. Focus chapters on traffic instabilities and model calibration/validation present these topics in a novel and systematic way. Finally, the theoretical framework is shown at work in selected applications such as traffic-state and travel-time estimation, intelligent transportation systems, traffic operations management, and a detailed physics-based model for fuel consumption and emissions.

Traffic Theory

Traffic Theory
  • Author : Denos C. Gazis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-04-11
  • Total pages :259
  • ISBN : 9780306482175
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Summary : “Everything should be made as simple as possible—but not simpler” Albert Einstein Traffic Theory, like all other sciences, aims at understanding and improving a physical phenomenon. The phenomenon addressed by Traffic Theory is, of course, automobile traffic, and the problems associated with it such as traffic congestion. But what causes congestion? Some time in the 1970s, Doxiades coined the term "oikomenopolis" (and "oikistics") to describe the world as man's living space. In Doxiades' terms, persons are associated with a living space around them, which describes the range that they can cover through personal presence. In the days of old, when the movement of people was limited to walking, an individual oikomenopolis did not intersect many others. The automobile changed all that. The term "range of good" was also coined to describe the maximal distance a person can and is willing to go in order to do something useful or buy something. Traffic congestion is caused by the intersection of a multitude of such "ranges of good" of many people exercising their range utilisation at the same time. Urban structures containing desirable structures contribute to this intersection of "ranges of good". xii Preface In a biblical mood, I opened a 1970 paper entitled "Traffic Control -- From Hand Signals to Computers" with the sentence: "In the beginning there was the Ford".

The Physics of Traffic

The Physics of Traffic
  • Author : Boris S. Kerner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :682
  • ISBN : 9783540409861
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Summary : The core of ths book presents a theory developed by the author to combine the recent insight into empirical data with mathematical models in freeway traffic research based on dynamical non-linear processes.

Introduction to Network Traffic Flow Theory

Introduction to Network Traffic Flow Theory
  • Author : Wenlong Jin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-01
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780128158418
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Summary : Introduction to Network Traffic Flow Theory: Modeling, Analysis, Simulation, and Empirics provides a comprehensive introduction to modern theories for modeling, mathematical analysis and traffic simulations in road networks. The book breaks ground, addressing traffic flow theory in a network setting and providing researchers and transportation professionals with a better understanding of how network traffic flows behave, how congestion builds and dissipates, and how to develop strategies to alleviate network traffic congestion. The book also shows how network traffic flow theory is key to understanding traffic estimation, control, management and planning. Users wills find this to be a great resource on both theory and applications across a wide swath of subjects, including road networks and reduced traffic congestion. Covers the most theoretically and practically relevant network traffic flow theories Provides a systematic introduction to traditional and recently developed models, including cell transmission, link transmission, link queue, point queue, macroscopic and microscopic models, junction models and network stationary states Applies modern network traffic flow theory to real-world applications in modeling, analysis, estimation, control, management and planning

75 Years of the Fundamental Diagram for Traffic Flow Theory

75 Years of the Fundamental Diagram for Traffic Flow Theory
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :235
  • ISBN : OCLC:752306342
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Summary : "The TRB Traffic Flow Theory and Characteristics Committee held a midyear meeting and symposium on the Fundamental Diagram, 75 Years (Greenshields 75 Symposium), July 8-10, 2008, at the J. Erik Johnsson Conference Center of the National Academy of Sciences in Woods Hole, Massachusetts."--Page [i].

Traffic Flow Theory

Traffic Flow Theory
  • Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :165
  • ISBN : PSU:000043112739
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Summary :

Vehicular traffic flow theory and tunnel traffic flow measuremetns

Vehicular traffic flow theory and tunnel traffic flow measuremetns
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1971
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : NWU:35556031438864
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Summary :

Differential Equation Models

Differential Equation Models
  • Author : Martin Braun,Courtney S. Coleman,Donald A. Drew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9781461254270
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Summary : The purpose of this four volume series is to make available for college teachers and students samples of important and realistic applications of mathematics which can be covered in undergraduate programs. The goal is to provide illustrations of how modem mathematics is actually employed to solve relevant contemporary problems. Although these independent chapters were prepared primarily for teachers in the general mathematical sciences, they should prove valuable to students, teachers, and research scientists in many of the fields of application as well. Prerequisites for each chapter and suggestions for the teacher are provided. Several of these chapters have been tested in a variety of classroom settings, and all have undergone extensive peer review and revision. Illustrations and exercises are included in most chapters. Some units can be covered in one class, whereas others provide sufficient material for a few weeks of class time. Volume 1 contains 23 chapters and deals with differential equations and, in the last four chapters, problems leading to partial differential equations. Applications are taken from medicine, biology, traffic systems and several other fields. The 14 chapters in Volume 2 are devoted mostly to problems arising in political science, but they also address questions appearing in sociology and ecology. Topics covered include voting systems, weighted voting, proportional representation, coalitional values, and committees. The 14 chapters in Volume 3 emphasize discrete mathematical methods such as those which arise in graph theory, combinatorics, and networks.

Feedback Control Theory for Dynamic Traffic Assignment

Feedback Control Theory for Dynamic Traffic Assignment
  • Author : Pushkin Kachroo,Kaan M.A. Özbay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-16
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9783319692319
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Summary : This book develops a methodology for designing feedback control laws for dynamic traffic assignment (DTA) exploiting the introduction of new sensing and information-dissemination technologies to facilitate the introduction of real-time traffic management in intelligent transportation systems. Three methods of modeling the traffic system are discussed: partial differential equations representing a distributed-parameter setting; continuous-time ordinary differential equations (ODEs) representing a continuous-time lumped-parameter setting; and discreet-time ODEs representing a discrete-time lumped-parameter setting. Feedback control formulations for reaching road-user-equilibrium are presented for each setting and advantages and disadvantage of using each are addressed. The closed-loop methods described are proposed expressly to avoid the counter-productive shifting of bottlenecks from one route to another because of driver over-reaction to routing information. The second edition of Feedback Control Theory for Dynamic Traffic Assignment has been thoroughly updated with completely new chapters: a review of the DTA problem and emphasizing real-time-feedback-based problems; an up-to-date presentation of pertinent traffic-flow theory; and a treatment of the mathematical solution to the traffic dynamics. Techinques accounting for the importance of entropy are further new inclusions at various points in the text. Researchers working in traffic control will find the theoretical material presented a sound basis for further research; the continual reference to applications will help professionals working in highway administration and engineering with the increasingly important task of maintaining and smoothing traffic flow; the extensive use of end-of-chapter exercises will help the graduate student and those new to the field to extend their knowledge.

Theory of Traffic Flow

Theory of Traffic Flow
  • Author : Robert Herman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1961
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : UOM:39015011191338
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Summary :

Traffic Flow Fundamentals

Traffic Flow Fundamentals
  • Author : May,Adolf Darlington May
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : NWU:35556021500228
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Summary : Logical development of the concepts and applications of traffic stream theory and operations analysis. Includes many worked examples and homework problems.

Traffic Flow Modelling

Traffic Flow Modelling
  • Author : Femke Kessels
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-21
  • Total pages :130
  • ISBN : 9783319786957
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Summary : This book introduces readers to the main traffic flow modelling approaches and discusses their features and applications. It provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge review of traffic flow models, from their roots in the 1930s to the latest developments in the field. In addition, it presents problem sets that offer readers further insights into the models and hands-on experience with simulation approaches. The simulations used in the exercises can be built upon for readers’ own research or other applications. The models discussed in this book are applied to describe, predict and control traffic flows on roads with the aid of rapid and accurate estimations of current and future states. The book shows how these models are developed, what their chief characteristics are, and how they can be effectively employed.

Traffic Flow Theory and Simulation

Traffic Flow Theory and Simulation
  • Author : Serge P. Hoogendoorn,Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:842514532
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Summary :

Applications of Queueing Theory

Applications of Queueing Theory
  • Author : Gordon Frank Newell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1971
  • Total pages :148
  • ISBN : UOM:39015003729723
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Summary : Fluid approximations; Simple queueing systems; Stochastic models; Equilibrium distributions; Diffusion approximations; Time-dependent queues; Neglected subjects.

Traffic and Granular Flow ' 07

Traffic and Granular Flow ' 07
  • Author : Cécile Appert-Rolland,François Chevoir,Philippe Gondret,Sylvain Lassarre,Jean-Patrick Lebacque,Michael Schreckenberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-19
  • Total pages :758
  • ISBN : 9783540770749
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Summary : This book covers several research fields, all of which deal with transport. Three main topics are treated: road traffic, granular matter, and biological transport. Different points of view, i.e. modelling, simulations, experiments, and phenomenological observations, are considered. Sub-topics include: highway or urban vehicular traffic (dynamics of traffic, macro/micro modelling, measurements, data analysis, security issues, psychological issues), pedestrian traffic, animal traffic (e.g. social insects), collective motion in biological systems (molecular motors...), granular flow (dense flows, intermittent flows, solid/liquid transition, jamming, force networks, fluid and solid friction), networks (biological networks, urban traffic, the internet, vulnerability of networks, optimal transport networks) and cellular automata applied to the various aforementioned fields.