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Translational Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Methods for Personalized Medicine

Translational Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Methods for Personalized Medicine
  • Author : Qing Yan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-18
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9780128043882
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Summary : Translational Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Methods for Personalized Medicine introduces integrative approaches in translational bioinformatics and systems biology to support the practice of personalized, precision, predictive, preventive, and participatory medicine. Through the description of important cutting-edge technologies in bioinformatics and systems biology, readers may gain an essential understanding of state-of-the-art methodologies. The book discusses topics such as the challenges and tasks in translational bioinformatics; pharmacogenomics, systems biology, and personalized medicine; and the applicability of translational bioinformatics for biomarker discovery, epigenomics, and molecular dynamics. It also discusses data integration and mining, immunoinformatics, and neuroinformatics. With broad coverage of both basic scientific and clinical applications, this book is suitable for a wide range of readers who may not be scientists but who are also interested in the practice of personalized medicine. Introduces integrative approaches in translational bioinformatics and systems biology to support the practice of personalized, precision, predictive, preventive, and participatory medicine Presents a problem-solving oriented methodology to deal with practical problems in various applications Covers both basic scientific and clinical applications in order to enhance the collaboration between researchers and clinicians Brings integrative and multidisciplinary approaches to bridge the gaps among various knowledge domains in the field

Handbook of Personalized Medicine

Handbook of Personalized Medicine
  • Author : Ioannis S. Vizirianakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-12
  • Total pages :1560
  • ISBN : 9789814411202
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Summary : This book compiles multidisciplinary efforts to conceptualize the environment in research and clinical setting that creates the fertile ground for the practical utility of personalized medicine decisions and also enables clinical pharmacogenomics for establishing pharmacotyping in drug prescription. Its covers innovative drug formulations and nanotheranostics, molecular imaging and signatures, translational nanomedicine and informatics, stem cell therapy approaches, modeling and predictability of drug response, pharmacogenetics-guided drug prescription, pediatric drug dosing, pharmacovigilance and regulatory aspects, ethical and cost-effectiveness issues, pharmacogenomics knowledge bases, personal genome sequencing, molecular diagnostics, as well as information-based medicine.

Translational Systems Medicine and Oral Disease

Translational Systems Medicine and Oral Disease
  • Author : Stephen Sonis,Alessandro Villa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-14
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9780128137635
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Summary : Translational Systems Medicine and Oral Disease bridges the gap between discovery science and clinical oral medicine, providing opportunities for both the scientific and clinical communities to understand how to apply recent findings in cell biology, genomic profiling, and systems medicine to favorably impact the diagnosis, treatment and management of oral diseases. Fully illustrated chapters from leading international contributors explore clinical applications of genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, microbiomics and epigenetics, as well as analytic methods and functional omics in oral medicine. Disease specific chapters detail systems approaches to periodontal disease, salivary gland diseases, oral cancer, bone disease, and autoimmune disease, among others. In addition, the book emphasizes biological synergisms across disciplines and their translational impact for clinicians, researchers and students in the fields of dentistry, dermatology, gastroenterology, otolaryngology, oncology and primary care. Presents the work of leading international researchers and clinicians who speak on the clinical applications of genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, microbiomics, and epigenetics, as well as analytic methods and functional omics in oral medicine Provides full-color, richly illustrated chapters that examine systems approaches to periodontal disease, salivary gland diseases, oral cancer, bone disease and autoimmune diseases Includes clinical case studies that illustrate examples of oral disease diagnostics and management, highlighting points of key importance for the reader Emphasizes biological synergisms across disciplines and their translational impact for clinicians, researchers, and students in the fields of dentistry, dermatology, gastroenterology, otolaryngology, oncology, and primary care

Post-Genomic Cardiology

Post-Genomic Cardiology
  • Author : José Marín-García
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-28
  • Total pages :688
  • ISBN : 0080554547
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Summary : Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology have markedly changed our understanding of the heart, and this is having tremendous ramifications for the clinician. This unique reference offers a comprehensive and critical evaluation of this contribution in the field of cardiovascular molecular medicine providing the reader with a sense of new directions in which molecular medicine might be applied. It begins with a detailed primer that makes readily accessible recent molecular, genetic and cellular techniques. Rounding out the coverage of this exciting field are critical and comprenhesive discussions on the use of molecular, genetic and cellular techniques used to identify the etiology and pathophysiology of specific cardiac diseases. * Discusses diagnostic and therapeutic options available not only in the adult and aging individuals but also in infants/children * Numerous illustrations and flow-charts * Explans cutting-edge molecular techniques, including analysis of mitochondria, their role in cardiac dysfunction and updated analysis of Cardioprotection and Metabolic Syndrome * Presentation of recent translational studies for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases is included (e.g., gene therapy, pharmacological treatments and stem cell transplantation)

Translational Biotechnology

Translational Biotechnology
  • Author : Yasha Hasija
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-17
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9780128219737
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Summary : Translational Biotechnology: A Journey from Laboratory to Clinics presents an integrative and multidisciplinary approach to biotechnology to help readers bridge the gaps between fundamental and functional research. The book provides state-of-the-art and integrative views of translational biotechnology by covering topics from basic concepts to novel methodologies. Topics discussed include biotechnology-based therapeutics, pathway and target discovery, biological therapeutic modalities, translational bioinformatics, and system and synthetic biology. Additional sections cover drug discovery, precision medicine and the socioeconomic impact of translational biotechnology. This book is valuable for bioinformaticians, biotechnologists, and members of the biomedical field who are interested in learning more about this promising field. Explains biotechnology in a different light by using an application-oriented approach Discusses practical approaches in the development of precision medicine tools, systems and dynamical medicine approaches Promotes research in the field of biotechnology that is translational in nature, cost-effective and readily available to the community

Bioinformatics for Diagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment of Complex Diseases

Bioinformatics for Diagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment of Complex Diseases
  • Author : Bairong Shen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-25
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9789400779754
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Summary : The book introduces the bioinformatics tools, databases and strategies for the translational research, focuses on the biomarker discovery based on integrative data analysis and systems biological network reconstruction. With the coming of personal genomics era, the biomedical data will be accumulated fast and then it will become reality for the personalized and accurate diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of complex diseases. The book covers both state of the art of bioinformatics methodologies and the examples for the identification of simple or network biomarkers. In addition, bioinformatics software tools and scripts are provided to the practical application in the study of complex diseases. The present state, the future challenges and perspectives were discussed. The book is written for biologists, biomedical informatics scientists and clinicians, etc. Dr. Bairong Shen is Professor and Director of Center for Systems Biology, Soochow University; he is also Director of Taicang Center for Translational Bioinformatics.

Translational Bioinformatics and Its Application

Translational Bioinformatics and Its Application
  • Author : Dong-Qing Wei,Yilong Ma,William C.S. Cho,Qin Xu,Fengfeng Zhou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-31
  • Total pages :437
  • ISBN : 9789402410457
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Summary : This book offers a detailed overview of translational bioinformatics together with real-case applications. Translational bioinformatics integrates the areas of basic bioinformatics, clinical informatics, statistical genetics and informatics in order to further our understanding of the molecular basis of diseases. By analyzing voluminous amounts of molecular and clinical data, it also provides clinical information, which can then be applied. Filling the gap between clinic research and informatics, the book is a valuable resource for human geneticists, clinicians, health educators and policy makers, as well as graduate students majoring in biology, biostatistics, and bioinformatics.

Systems Medicine

Systems Medicine
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-24
  • Total pages :1589
  • ISBN : 9780128160787
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Summary : Technological advances in generated molecular and cell biological data are transforming biomedical research. Sequencing, multi-omics and imaging technologies are likely to have deep impact on the future of medical practice. In parallel to technological developments, methodologies to gather, integrate, visualize and analyze heterogeneous and large-scale data sets are needed to develop new approaches for diagnosis, prognosis and therapy. Systems Medicine: Integrative, Qualitative and Computational Approaches is an innovative, interdisciplinary and integrative approach that extends the concept of systems biology and the unprecedented insights that computational methods and mathematical modeling offer of the interactions and network behavior of complex biological systems, to novel clinically relevant applications for the design of more successful prognostic, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. This 3 volume work features 132 entries from renowned experts in the fields and covers the tools, methods, algorithms and data analysis workflows used for integrating and analyzing multi-dimensional data routinely generated in clinical settings with the aim of providing medical practitioners with robust clinical decision support systems. Importantly the work delves into the applications of systems medicine in areas such as tumor systems biology, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases as well as immunology and infectious diseases amongst others. This is a fundamental resource for biomedical students and researchers as well as medical practitioners who need to need to adopt advances in computational tools and methods into the clinical practice. Encyclopedic coverage: ‘one-stop’ resource for access to information written by world-leading scholars in the field of Systems Biology and Systems Medicine, with easy cross-referencing of related articles to promote understanding and further research Authoritative: the whole work is authored and edited by recognized experts in the field, with a range of different expertise, ensuring a high quality standard Digitally innovative: Hyperlinked references and further readings, cross-references and diagrams/images will allow readers to easily navigate a wealth of information

Translational Informatics in Smart Healthcare

Translational Informatics in Smart Healthcare
  • Author : Bairong Shen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-15
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9789811057175
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Summary : This book is about the transformation of the biomedical information to smart healthcare, the chapters are designed to discuss the health associated factors such as genetics, lifestyle, nutrition and environmental factors. The interactions of these factors and the informatics for the analyses of their effects on health are also covered. The era of aging is approaching and the P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) medicine paradigm is becoming practical and reality. According to the Kondratiev's long wave theory, IT (information technology) and health will be the next technological revolution for the new economic cycle. This book is written for biomedical informatics scientists, clinicians, health practitioners and researchers, etc.

Precision Medicine

Precision Medicine
  • Author : Hans-Peter Deigner,Matthias Kohl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-15
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 9780128054338
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Summary : Precision Medicine: Tools and Quantitative Approaches discusses precision and personalized medicine, two relevant topics that are revolutionizing diagnostics and treatment, while also providing a shift toward prevention. The book covers the most relevant features and explanations underlying developments in the field. A timely review on prerequisites, causes and consequences is given. Unique to this book is a combined view on technical and data analysis aspects that is mandatory for obtaining and interpreting results. This book is a valuable source for researchers in medical and life sciences, physicians and students with an interest in this emerging field of precision medicine. Provides technological aspects in precision medicine with aspects of modern statistical and bioinformatics models and methods Brings timely reviews on status and chances in precision medicine and associated aspects of data analysis, statistics and data interpretation Encompasses easy access to relevant approaches, interactions and original literature

Translational Biomedical Informatics

Translational Biomedical Informatics
  • Author : Bairong Shen,Haixu Tang,Xiaoqian Jiang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-31
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9789811015038
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Summary : This book introduces readers to essential methods and applications in translational biomedical informatics, which include biomedical big data, cloud computing and algorithms for understanding omics data, imaging data, electronic health records and public health data. The storage, retrieval, mining and knowledge discovery of biomedical big data will be among the key challenges for future translational research. The paradigm for precision medicine and healthcare needs to integratively analyze not only the data at the same level – e.g. different omics data at the molecular level – but also data from different levels – the molecular, cellular, tissue, clinical and public health level. This book discusses the following major aspects: the structure of cross-level data; clinical patient information and its shareability; and standardization and privacy. It offers a valuable guide for all biologists, biomedical informaticians and clinicians with an interest in Precision Medicine Informatics.

Genomics and Proteomics for Clinical Discovery and Development

Genomics and Proteomics for Clinical Discovery and Development
  • Author : György Marko-Varga
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-26
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : 9789401792028
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Summary : The book is intended to be a resource for students as well as scientists in education and for the general public to learn about proteomics and genomics. Chromosomes form the basis for our genetic heritage and are the code for protein synthesis. The Human Genome Map came out in 2002, and the Proteome Sequence Map is under currently being created by a global consortia initiative. Proteome and genome building blocks already form the basis of scientific research areas as well as large parts of the pharmaceutical and biomedical industry. The book initiative will provide the background to and our current understanding of these gene and protein areas, as well as describe how cutting-edge science is using these resources to develop new medicines and new diagnostics for patient care and treatment. The book will be useful for undergraduate students as well as university students and researchers who need a good understanding of genomics and proteomics within the clinical field. The book will also be targeted at a broad public as well as readers not specialized within this field. Dr. Marko-Varga is the head of the Head of Div. Clinical Protein Science & Imaging at the Biomedical Center, Dept. of Measurement Technology and Industrial Electrical Engineering, Lund University, and Professor at the 1st Department of Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Pharmacogenomics in Drug Discovery and Development

Pharmacogenomics in Drug Discovery and Development
  • Author : Qing Yan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-22
  • Total pages :715
  • ISBN : 1493947583
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Summary : Covering topics from individual molecules to systemic diseases, from basic concepts to advanced technologies, Pharmacogenomics in Drug Discovery and Development , Second Edition provides a practical, state-of-the-art and integrative view of the application of pharmacogenomics in drug discovery and development. A wide range of theoretical and experimental approaches are introduced to meet the problem-solving objectives for understanding the complexity in health and diseases, from laboratory tests to computational analysis. The development of pharmacogenomics represents the evolution of biomedicine from treating the disease itself to treating the malfunction of an individual person, the “root” of diseases. With the change of focus from disease-centered to human-centric medicine, pharmacogenomics brings hope for the transformation from simple disease treatment to accurate prediction and effective prevention. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and easily accessible, Pharmacogenomics in Drug Discovery and Development, Second Edition seeks to serve both professionals and novices with comprehensive resources and a holistic view for the translation of pharmacogenomics into better preventive and personalized medical care.

Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Genomic and Personalized Medicine
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-30
  • Total pages :1350
  • ISBN : 9780123822284
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Summary : Genomic and Personalized Medicine, Second Edition — winner of a 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine — is a major discussion of the structure, history, and applications of the field, as it emerges from the campus and lab into clinical action. As with the first edition, leading experts review the development of the new science, the current opportunities for genome-based analysis in healthcare, and the potential of genomic medicine in future healthcare. The inclusion of the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, disease susceptability, and pharmacogenomics makes this work an ideal companion for the many stakeholders of genomic and personalized medicine. With advancing knowledge of the genome across and outside protein-coding regions of DNA, new comprehension of genomic variation and frequencies across populations, the elucidation of advanced strategic approaches to genomic study, and above all in the elaboration of next-generation sequencing, genomic medicine has begun to achieve the much-vaunted transformative health outcomes of the Human Genome Project, almost a decade after its official completion in April 2003. Highly Commended 2013 BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine More than 100 chapters, from leading researchers, review the many impacts of genomic discoveries in clinical action, including 63 chapters new to this edition Discusses state-of-the-art genome technologies, including population screening, novel diagnostics, and gene-based therapeutics Wide and inclusive discussion encompasses the formidable ethical, legal, regulatory and social challenges related to the evolving practice of genomic medicine Clearly and beautifully illustrated with 280 color figures, and many thousands of references for further reading and deeper analysis

The Exposome

The Exposome
  • Author : Gary W Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-16
  • Total pages :118
  • ISBN : 9780124172180
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Summary : The Exposome: A Primer is the first book dedicated to exposomics, detailing the purpose and scope of this emerging field of study, its practical applications and how it complements a broad range of disciplines. Genetic causes account for up to a third of all complex diseases. (As genomic approaches improve, this is likely to rise.) Environmental factors also influence human disease but, unlike with genetics, there is no standard or systematic way to measure the influence of environmental exposures. The exposome is an emerging concept that hopes to address this, measuring the effects of life-long environmental exposures on health and how these exposures can influence disease. This systematic introduction considers topics of managing and integrating exposome data (including maps, models, computation, and systems biology), "-omics"-based technologies, and more. Both students and scientists in disciplines including toxicology, environmental health, epidemiology, and public health will benefit from this rigorous yet readable overview.

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine

Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine
  • Author : Mukesh Verma,Debmalya Barh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-22
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9780128095027
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Summary : Progress and Challenges in Precision Medicine presents an insightful overview to the myriad factors of personalized and precision medicine. The availability of the human genome, large amounts of data on individual genetic variations, environmental interactions, influence of lifestyle, and cutting-edge tools and technologies for big-data analysis have led to the age of personalized and precision medicine. Bringing together a global range of experts on precision medicine, this book collects previously scattered information into one concise volume which covers the most important developments so far in precision medicine and also suggests the most likely avenues for future development. The book includes clinical information, informatics, public policy implications, and information on case studies. It is a useful reference and background work for students, researchers, and clinicians working in the biomedical and medical fields, as well as policymakers in the health sciences. Provides an overview of the growing field of precision medicine Contains chapters from geographically diverse experts in their field Explores important aspects of precision medicine, including applications, ethics, and development

Metabolomics for Biomedical Research

Metabolomics for Biomedical Research
  • Author : Jerzy Adamski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780128127841
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Summary : Metabolomics for Biomedical Research brings together recent progress on study design, analytics, biostatistics and bioinformatics for the success of metabolomics research. Metabolomics represents a very interdisciplinary research prominent in the functional analyses of living systems; hence, this book focuses on translation and medical aspects. The book discusses topics such as biomarkers and their requirements to be used in medical research, with the parameters and approaches on how to validate their quality; and animal models and other approaches, as stem cells and organoid culture. Additionally, it explains how metabolomics may be applied in prediction of individual response to drug or disease progression. This book is a valuable source for researchers on systems biology and other members of biomedical field interested in metabolism-oriented studies for medical research.

Omics in Clinical Practice

Omics in Clinical Practice
  • Author : Yu Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-20
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9781771880602
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Summary : This book serves as an introduction to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics, putting these fields in relation to human disease and ailments. The various chapters consider the role of translation and personalized medicine, as well as pathogen detection, evolution, and infection, in relation to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics. The topic of companion diagnostics is also covered. The book is broken into five sections. Part I examines the connection between omics and human disease. Part II looks at the applications for the fields of translational and personalized medicine. Part III focuses on molecular and genetic markers. Part IV describes the use of omics while studying pathogens, and Part V examines the applications for companion diagnostics. The book: • Introduces genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics in relation to human disease and ailments • Considers the role of translation and personalized medicine in relation to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics • Covers molecular and genetic markers • Considers the role of genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics in relation to pathogen detection, evolution, and infection • Covers companion diagnostics in relation to genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics clinical applications and research

Personalized Psychiatry

Personalized Psychiatry
  • Author : Bernhard Baune
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-16
  • Total pages :604
  • ISBN : 9780128131770
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Summary : Personalized Psychiatry presents the first book to explore this novel field of biological psychiatry that covers both basic science research and its translational applications. The book conceptualizes personalized psychiatry and provides state-of-the-art knowledge on biological and neuroscience methodologies, all while integrating clinical phenomenology relevant to personalized psychiatry and discussing important principles and potential models. It is essential reading for advanced students and neuroscience and psychiatry researchers who are investigating the prevention and treatment of mental disorders. Combines neurobiology with basic science methodologies in genomics, epigenomics and transcriptomics Demonstrates how the statistical modeling of interacting biological and clinical information could transform the future of psychiatry Addresses fundamental questions and requirements for personalized psychiatry from a basic research and translational perspective

Translational Medicine: Tools And Techniques

Translational Medicine: Tools And Techniques
  • Author : Aamir Shahzad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-24
  • Total pages :196
  • ISBN : 9780128034941
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Summary : Translational Medicine: Tools and Techniques provides a standardized path from basic research to the clinic and brings together various policy and practice issues to simplify the broad interdisciplinary field. With discussions from academic and industry leaders at international institutions who have successfully implemented translational medicine techniques and tools in various settings, readers will be guided through implementation strategies relevant to their own needs and institutions. The book also addresses regulatory processes in USA, EU, Japan and China. By providing details on omics sciences techniques, biomarkers, data mining and management approaches, case reports from industry, and tools to assess the value of different technologies and techniques, this book is the first to provide a user-friendly go-to guide for key opinion leaders (KOLs), industry administrators, faculty members, clinicians, researchers, and students interested in translational medicine. Includes detailed and standardized information about the techniques and tools used in translational medicine Provides specific industry case scenarios Explains how to use translational medicine tools and techniques to plan and improve infrastructures and capabilities while reducing cost and optimizing resources

Systems Biology

Systems Biology
  • Author : Nikolaus Rajewsky,Stefan Jurga,Jan Barciszewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 3319929682
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Summary : Many breakthroughs in experimental devices, advanced software, as well as analytical methods for systems biology development have helped shape the way we study DNA, RNA and proteins, on the genomic, transcriptional, translational and posttranslational level. This book highlights the comprehensive topics that encompass systems biology with enormous progress in the development of genome sequencing, proteomic and metabolomic methods in designing and understanding biological systems. Topics covered in this book include fundamentals of modelling networks, circuits and pathways, spatial and multi cellular systems, image-driven systems biology, evolution, noise and decision-making in single cells, systems biology of disease and immunology, and personalized medicine. Special attention is paid to epigenomics, in particular environmental conditions that impact genetic background. The breadth of exciting new data towards discovering fundamental principles and direct application of epigenetics in agriculture is also described. The chapter “Deciphering the Universe of RNA Structures and Trans RNA-RNA Interactions of Transcriptomes in vivo - from Experimental Protocols to Computational Analyses” is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com.