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Translational Glycobiology in Human Health and Disease

Translational Glycobiology in Human Health and Disease
  • Author : Michelle Kilcoyne,Lokesh Joshi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-15
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 0128196556
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Summary : Along with nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids, carbohydrates stand as one of four main components of cellular architecture. However, glycobiology (or carbohydrate bioscience) is little understood by non-experts, partly because carbohydrates are a complex, diverse class of molecules structurally and functionally. In recent years, advances in computational analytics (glycomics) have allowed us to better interpret and realize the importance of glycobiology in human health and disease, and glycans and their associated processes have been shown to play a significant role across a variety of disease types. As the biomedical sciences continue to adopt multi-omic and precision medicine approaches, a greater understanding of glycobiology is essential for maintaining healthy physiology and advancing disease treatment. Translational Glycobiology in Human Health and Disease offers a deep examination of glycobiology for experts and non-experts alike in areas ranging from the role of glycobiology in chronic and infectious diseases to advances in technologies for higher throughput analysis and diagnosis. While keeping human health in the forefront, this book integrates a thorough discussion of glycobiology fundamentals with its growing areas of application and societal impact. With emphasis throughout on the interdisciplinary nature of glycosciences, this book also features perspectives from the health, computational (glycoanalytics), materials, biopharmaceutical, and diagnostic sciences. Disease and speciality areas addressed include gycoimmunology, neuroglycobiology, commensal glycobiology, gut health, regenerative medicine and glycobiology, glycobiology and cancer, congenital disorders of glycosylation, infectious disease glycobiology, and parasite glycobiology. Computational approaches discussed, supporting the advance of new research, include advanced glycoanalytics, glycomics microarrays, glycoengineering, and glycol systems biology. Additionally, authors consider impact areas for society and public health, such as glycobiology and entrepreneurship, policy and regulatory requirements for glycosylation, future research, and translation to new diagnostics and drug discovery. Provides a deep, foundational overview of glycoscience and its translational potential, highlighting glycobiology's growing role in human health and disease study Examines a broad range of relevant disease areas and applications of glycobiology in policy and public health Features chapter contributions from leading, international experts in the field, fully integrating perspectives from the health, computational, materials, biopharmaceutical, and diagnostic sciencess

Gangliosides in Health and Disease

Gangliosides in Health and Disease
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-25
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780128123423
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Summary : Gangliosides in Health and Disease, Volume 156, presents the latest information on Gangliosides, a class of glycolipids that are found on all vertebrate cell surfaces, and are particularly abundant in the brain. Individual chapters in this new volume cover Gangliosides as Toxin Receptors, Gangliosides in Cancer Cell Signaling, Gangliosides in inflammation and neurodegeneration, Gangliosides as functional galectin receptors, Gangliosides in signal transduction, Gangliosides in brain tumor immunology, and Gangliosides in axon regeneration and stability, amongst other related topics. This book brings together world experts in ganglioside structure and function who have been assembled to contribute to this thorough update of the field. Contains accessible content that is ideal for students and researchers alike Written by leading authorities in the field

Sialic Acids and Sialoglycoconjugates in the Biology of Life, Health and Disease

Sialic Acids and Sialoglycoconjugates in the Biology of Life, Health and Disease
  • Author : Shyamasree Ghosh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-08
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 9780128161272
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Summary : Sialic Acids and Sialoglycoconjugates in the Biology of Life, Health and Disease enables the reader to understand the role of sialylation as a post translational modification. The book provides insights on the latest knowledge in the field of sialoglycobiology. Sialic acids as terminal residues of oligosaccharide chains play crucial roles in several cellular recognition events. Synthesized post translationally, they play an important role in recognition, signaling, immunological response and cell-cell interaction. Improper sialylations have been associated with several diseases including cancer. In the post genomics and proteomics era, sialoglybiology has become more and more important in deciphering health and disease conditions. Discusses the sialic acids and their role in different diseases (other than cancer) Provides an understanding of sialylations as post translational modifications (PTM) Demonstrates the impact sialylation has on infectious diseases, the autoimmune system and health Gives insights on the importance of sialic acid biology through animal models

Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science

Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-22
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : 9780128177396
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Summary : Glycans and Glycosaminoglycans as Clinical Biomarkers and Therapeutics - Part A, Volume 162 in the Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science series provides informative monographs on a variety of research topics related to Glycans and glycosaminoglycans as clinical biomarkers and therapeutics. Topics in this update include Glycan-based Biomarkers for Diagnosis of Cancers and Other Diseases: Past, Present and Future, Desialylation in Diseases and its Application in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Development, Proteoglycans as Miscommunication Biomarkers for Cancer Diagnosis, Fucosylation in Cancer Biology and Its Clinical Applications, Retrospective Analysis of Glycan-Related Biomarkers Based on Clinical Laboratory Data in Two Medical Centers, and many related topics. Includes comprehensive coverage of molecular biology Presents ample use of tables, diagrams, schemata and color figures to enhance the reader's ability to rapidly grasp the information provided Contains contributions from renowned experts in the field

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-08
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780128178201
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Summary : Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease provides a fully up-to-date overview on genome plasticity and its role in human physiology and disease. Following an introduction to the field, a diverse range of chapters cover genomic and epigenomic analysis and the use of model organisms and genomic databases in studies. Specific molecular and biochemical mechanisms of genome plasticity are examined, including somatic variants, De Novo variants, founder variations, isolated populations dynamics, copy-number variations, mobile elements, DNA methylation, histone modifications, transcription factors, non-coding RNAs, telomere dynamics and RNA editing. Later chapters explore disease relevance for cancer, as well as cardiovascular, neuropsychiatric, inflammatory, and endocrine disease, and associated pathways for drug discovery. Examines the role of genome plasticity across a range of disease types, from cardiovascular disease, to cancer and neuropsychiatric disorders Adopts an interdisciplinary approach, with expert contributions across the spectrum of basic science and disease relevance to drug discovery

Essentials of Glycobiology

Essentials of Glycobiology
  • Author : Ajit Varki,Maarten J. Chrispeels
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :653
  • ISBN : 0879696818
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Summary : Sugar chains (glycans) are often attached to proteins and lipids and have multiple roles in the organization and function of all organisms. "Essentials of Glycobiology" describes their biogenesis and function and offers a useful gateway to the understanding of glycans.

Chemical Glycobiology

Chemical Glycobiology
  • Author : Chen, Xi,Randall Halcomb,American Chemical Society. Meeting,American Chemical Society. Division of Carbohydrate Chemistry,Peng George Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :325
  • ISBN : UOM:39015075633399
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Summary : Although the process of understanding the biological functions of carbohydrates has developed slowly due to the lack of efficient approaches in obtaining and studying these structures, in the past two decades, remarkable advances have been made in chemical and chemoenzymatic synthesis of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. The material presented in this volume shows how a better understanding of the structure and the function of carbohydrate-containing bacterial cell wall has revealed that carbohydrate-containing molecules and carbohydrate-like structures are useful as carbohydrate-based anti-microbial vaccines, anti-viral drugs, anti-coagulants, anti-cancer drugs, and potential anti-cancer vaccines. In addition, the text explores the important roles that novel glycolipids have been found to play in the immune system. Metabolic engineering has demonstrated itself as an efficient approach to probe and manipulate biological functions of carbohydrates both in vitro and in vivo. Automated glycan analysis, carbohydrate microarrays, and novel high-throughput screening methods have hastened the analysis and the understanding of carbohydrate-containing structures. Polypeptide-based glycopolymers have been developed for the study of multivalent binding events of carbohydrates and proteins. This text presents examples of these recent developments in using chemical techniques and tools to study glycobiology. This is an excellent reference book for upper-division undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers who are interested in carbohydrate-related medicinal chemistry, organic chemistry, biology, and chemical biology.

Australian Journal of Chemistry

Australian Journal of Chemistry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CHI:58288612
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Environmental Health Perspectives

Environmental Health Perspectives
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCR:31210019443355
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Proceedings of 3rd Glycobiology World Congress 2017

Proceedings of 3rd Glycobiology World Congress 2017
  • Author : ConferenceSeries
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :79
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary : June 26-28, 2017 London, UK Key Topics : Glycoprotein Technologies, Glyco Bioinformatics, Glycans in Drug Design, Glyco Immunology, Glyco Biomarkers, Glycobiology and Biotechnology, Glycans in Diseases and Therapeutics, Glycobiology in Personalized Medicine, Glycans in Genetic Disorders, Glycobiology and Structural Biology, Glyco Proteomics, Glycomics and Metabolomics, Mass Spectrometry in Proteome Research, Glycobiology, Genomics and Computational Systems Biology, Glycobiochemistry,

The Role of Glycans in Immune Cell Functions

The Role of Glycans in Immune Cell Functions
  • Author : Jasmeen S. Merzaban,Monica M. Burdick,Charles J. Dimitroff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-26
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889636969
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Summary : Glycans represent a major constituency of post-translational modifications that occur on most, if not all, proteins. Whether on mammalian or invertebrate cell surfaces, they exist as sugar chain moieties designed from the exquisite and coordinated activity of cell-specific glycosylation. Some of the more common glycan structures are linked to cell surface polypeptides via an asparagine (N)-linked residue or a serine/threonine (O)-linked residue, along with a notable contingent found linked to ceramides in the lipid bilayer known as glycosphingolipids. These glycans can associate with complementary glycan-binding proteins (GBP) or lectins to mediate and translate this carbohydrate recognition to cell function. In immunity, there is increasing evidence that precise immune cell glycans are recognized by corresponding GBPs in a cell-intrinsic or -extrinsic manner. Unique carbohydrate recognition domains within GBPs are comprised of precisely spaced amino acid functional groups that allow for selective engagement of a particular glycan target. This structure-function relationship is present in immune signaling pathways, whereby glycans and GBPs on the surface of immune cells (and non-immune cells) help control processes such as immune cell activation, recognition of pathogens, suppression and tissue-specific migration. The diversity of glycan structures and glycosylation among individual immune cell subsets is controlled by the expression of genes involved in glycan biosynthesis including glycosyltransferases, glycosidases, glycan-precursor biosynthetic enzymes and nucleotide-sugar transporters. These genes represent more than 3% of the human genome, and cell-specific expression of these genes dictates a cell’s glycan repertoire, ultimately influencing its molecular interactions with GBPs. Altogether, these emerging lines of investigation highlight the regulatory capacity of glycans in immune health and disease, which in turn, pave the way for novel diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic strategies.

Probing Glycosylation Using Azidosugars and the Staudinger Ligation in Vivo

Probing Glycosylation Using Azidosugars and the Staudinger Ligation in Vivo
  • Author : Danielle Hilda Dube
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : UCAL:C3503261
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Summary :

Protein Modificomics

Protein Modificomics
  • Author : Tanveer Ali Dar,Laishram Rajendrakumar Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-15
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 0128119136
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Summary : Protein Modificomics: From Modifications to Clinical Perspectives comprehensively deals with all of the most recent aspects of post-translational modification (PTM) of proteins, including discussions on diseases involving PTMs, such as Alzheimer's, Huntington's, X-linked spinal muscular atrophy-2, aneurysmal bone cyst, angelman syndrome and OFC10. The book also discusses the role PTMs play in plant physiology and the production of medicinally important primary and secondary metabolites. The understanding of PTMs in plants helps us enhance the production of these metabolites without greatly altering the genome, providing robust eukaryotic systems for the production and isolation of desired products without considerable downstream and isolation processes. Provides thorough insights into the post translational modifications (PTMs) of proteins in both the plant and animal kingdom Presents diagrammatic representations of various protein modification and estimation mechanisms in four-color Includes coverage of diseases involving post translational modifications

Cellular and Molecular Pathobiology of Cardiovascular Disease

Cellular and Molecular Pathobiology of Cardiovascular Disease
  • Author : Monte Willis,Jonathon W. Homeister,James R. Stone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-23
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9780124055254
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Summary : Cellular and Molecular Pathobiology of Cardiovascular Disease focuses on the pathophysiology of common cardiovascular disease in the context of its underlying mechanisms and molecular biology. This book has been developed from the editors' experiences teaching an advanced cardiovascular pathology course for PhD trainees in the biomedical sciences, and trainees in cardiology, pathology, public health, and veterinary medicine. No other single text-reference combines clinical cardiology and cardiovascular pathology with enough molecular content for graduate students in both biomedical research and clinical departments. The text is complemented and supported by a rich variety of photomicrographs, diagrams of molecular relationships, and tables. It is uniquely useful to a wide audience of graduate students and post-doctoral fellows in areas from pathology to physiology, genetics, pharmacology, and more, as well as medical residents in pathology, laboratory medicine, internal medicine, cardiovascular surgery, and cardiology. Explains how to identify cardiovascular pathologies and compare with normal physiology to aid research Gives concise explanations of key issues and background reading suggestions Covers molecular bases of diseases for better understanding of molecular events that precede or accompany the development of pathology

The Interplay of Microbiome and Immune Response in Health and Diseases

The Interplay of Microbiome and Immune Response in Health and Diseases
  • Author : Gwendolyn Barcel´o-Coblijn,Amedeo Amedei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-06
  • Total pages :206
  • ISBN : 9783039216468
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Summary : [Increasing evidence suggests that microbiota and especially the gut microbiota (the microbes inhabiting the gut including bacteria, archaea, viruses, and fungi) plays a key role in human physiology and pathology. Recent findings indicate how dysbiosis—an imbalance in the composition and organization of microbial populations—could severely impact the development of different medical conditions (from metabolic to mood disorders), providing new insights into the comprehension of diverse diseases, such as IBD, obesity, asthma, autism, stroke, diabetes, and cancer. Given that microbial cells in the gut outnumber host cells, microbiota influences human physiology both functionally and structurally. Microbial metabolites bridge various—even distant—areas of the organism by way of the immune and hormone system. For instance, it is now clear that the mutual interaction between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain (gut–brain axis), often involves gut microbiota, indicating that the crosstalk between the organism and its microbial residents represents a fundamental aspect of both the establishment and maintenance of healthy conditions. Moreover, it is crucial to recognize that beyond the intestinal tract, microbiota populates other host organs and tissues (e.g., skin and oral mucosa). We have edited this eBook with the aim of publishing manuscripts focusing on the impact of microbiota in the development of different diseases and their associated treatments.]

Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Genomic and Personalized Medicine
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-30
  • Total pages :1350
  • ISBN : 9780123822284
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Summary : Genomic and Personalized Medicine, Second Edition — winner of a 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine — is a major discussion of the structure, history, and applications of the field, as it emerges from the campus and lab into clinical action. As with the first edition, leading experts review the development of the new science, the current opportunities for genome-based analysis in healthcare, and the potential of genomic medicine in future healthcare. The inclusion of the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, disease susceptability, and pharmacogenomics makes this work an ideal companion for the many stakeholders of genomic and personalized medicine. With advancing knowledge of the genome across and outside protein-coding regions of DNA, new comprehension of genomic variation and frequencies across populations, the elucidation of advanced strategic approaches to genomic study, and above all in the elaboration of next-generation sequencing, genomic medicine has begun to achieve the much-vaunted transformative health outcomes of the Human Genome Project, almost a decade after its official completion in April 2003. Highly Commended 2013 BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine More than 100 chapters, from leading researchers, review the many impacts of genomic discoveries in clinical action, including 63 chapters new to this edition Discusses state-of-the-art genome technologies, including population screening, novel diagnostics, and gene-based therapeutics Wide and inclusive discussion encompasses the formidable ethical, legal, regulatory and social challenges related to the evolving practice of genomic medicine Clearly and beautifully illustrated with 280 color figures, and many thousands of references for further reading and deeper analysis

Seaweed in Health and Disease Prevention

Seaweed in Health and Disease Prevention
  • Author : Joël Fleurence,Ira Levine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-05
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9780128027936
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Summary : Seaweed in Health and Disease Prevention presents the potential usage of seaweed, macroalgae, and their extracts for enhancing health and disease. The book explores the possibilities in a comprehensive way, including outlining how seaweed can be used as a source of macronutrients and micronutrients, as well as nutraceuticals. The commercial value of seaweed for human consumption is increasing year-over-year, and some countries harvest several million tons annually. This text lays out the properties and effects of seaweeds and their use in the food industry, offering a holistic view of the ability of seaweed to impact or effect angiogenesis, tumors, diabetes and glucose control, oxidative stress, fungal infections, inflammation and infection, the gut, and the liver. Combines foundational information and nutritional context, offering a holistic approach to the relationship between sea vegetables, diet, nutrition, and health Provides comprehensive coverage of health benefits, including sea vegetables as sources of nutraceuticals and their specific applications in disease prevention, such as angiogenesis, diabetes, fungal infections, and others Includes Dictionary of Terms, Key Facts, and Summary points in each chapter to enhance comprehension Includes information on toxic varieties and safe consumption guidelines to supplement basic coverage of health benefits

Glycoscience and Microbial Adhesion

Glycoscience and Microbial Adhesion
  • Author : Thisbe K. Lindhorst,Stefan Oscarson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-23
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9783642013034
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Summary : bacterial carbohydrate recognition are conveyed, covering Gram-positive as well as Gram-negative bacteria, in Chapter 4 Streptococci and Staphylococci, and in Chapter 5, carbohydrate binding specificities of Helicobacter pylori. In Chapter 6, “Bitter sweetness of complexity,” the collected reflections on mic- bial adhesion are expanded by a perspective on a broader impact of glycosylation on cellular adhesion, motility and regulatory processes, paralleling the complexity of N-glycan structures on cell surfaces. It highlights particularly how structural details of N-glycans have been causally related to pathological scenarios, with a focus on ?(1,6)-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase. In the final chapter, biofilm formation is reviewed, covering knowledge about structure and biosynthesis of polysaccharide intercellular adhesins (PIAs) which are central to biofilm formation. This comprehensive chapter explains all PIA-related principles of medical device-associated infections. It is our hope, that this collection of expert articles, ranging from structural ch- istry and structural biology to biochemistry and medicine, will be a stimulation and motivation for our colleagues in the life sciences. At the same time, we hope that these reflections on microbial adhesion will awake interest in and promote und- standing of the complex processes associated with the glycocalyx and the multif- eted interactions between the host cell and its “guest,” as well as the biological consequences resulting from this mutual interplay.

Transforming Glycoscience

Transforming Glycoscience
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Assessing the Importance and Impact of Glycomics and Glycosciences
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-23
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780309260862
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Summary : A new focus on glycoscience, a field that explores the structures and functions of sugars, promises great advances in areas as diverse as medicine, energy generation, and materials science, this report finds. Glycans--also known as carbohydrates, saccharides, or simply as sugars--play central roles in many biological processes and have properties useful in an array of applications. However, glycans have received little attention from the research community due to a lack of tools to probe their often complex structures and properties. Transforming Glycoscience: A Roadmap for the Future presents a roadmap for transforming glycoscience from a field dominated by specialists to a widely studied and integrated discipline, which could lead to a more complete understanding of glycans and help solve key challenges in diverse fields.

Calcium Signaling in Human Health and Diseases

Calcium Signaling in Human Health and Diseases
  • Author : Francesco Moccia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-21
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 9783038975373
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Calcium Signaling in Human Health and Diseases" that was published in IJMS

Extracellular Matrix in Development and Disease

Extracellular Matrix in Development and Disease
  • Author : Julia Thom Oxford
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-21
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9783038975700
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Extracellular Matrix in Development and Disease" that was published in IJMS