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Transport and Surface Phenomena

Transport and Surface Phenomena
  • Author : Kamil Wichterle,Marek Vecer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05
  • Total pages :235
  • ISBN : 0128189940
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Summary : Transport and Surface Phenomena provides an overview of the key transfers taking place in reactions and explores how calculations of momentum, energy and mass transfers can help researchers develop the most appropriate, cost effective solutions to chemical problems. Beginning with a thorough overview of the nature of transport phenomena, the book goes on to explore balances in transport phenomena, including key equations for assessing balances, before concluding by outlining mathematical methods for solving the transfer equations. Drawing on the experience of its expert authors, it is an accessible introduction to the field for students, researchers and professionals working in chemical engineering. The book and is also ideal for those in related fields such as physical chemistry, energy engineering, and materials science, for whom a deeper understanding of these interactions could enhance their work.

Surface Phenomena in Metallurgical Processes

Surface Phenomena in Metallurgical Processes
  • Author : A. I. Belyaev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1475700768
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Summary : Surface phenomena in the field of high-temperature processes are attracting ever increasing attention on the part of scientific workers and engineers. In this field, many questions of applied science cannot properly be solved without taking into account the characteristics caused by surface phenomena at the various interfaces. The importance of surface phenomena in the pyrometallurgy of nonferrous and ferrous metals was convincingly demonstrated at a scientific conference on this problem held in Moscow towards the end of 1961. The English translation of the transactions of this conference, "Surface Phenomena in Metallurgical Processes, .. and its publication in the USA will ena ble American scientists and engineers working in the field of surface phenomena and metallurgy to acquaint themselves with the work of Russian investigators in this inter esting field of physical chemistry and the theory of metallurgical processes. In the Soviet Union, important groups of scientists in Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Sverdlovsk. and other cities are engaged in the study of surface phenomena as applied to the different branches of metallurgy. We trust that the publication of the American edition of the book "Surface Phenomena in Metallurgical Processes" will help to strengthen the scientific bonds between Soviet and American scientists.

Interfacial Transport Phenomena

Interfacial Transport Phenomena
  • Author : John C. Slattery,Leonard Sagis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :1827
  • ISBN : 1475720904
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Summary : Transport phenomena is used here to descril>e momentum, energy, mass, and entropy transfer (Bird et al. 1960, 1980). It includes thermodynamies, a special case of which is thermostatics. Interfacial transport phenomena refers to momentum, energy , mass, and entropy transfer within the immediate neighborhood of a phase interface, including the thermodynamies of the interface. In terms of qualitative physical observations, this is a very old field. Pliny the EIder (Gaius Plinius Secundus, 23-79 A.D.; Pliny 1938) described divers who released small quantities of oil from their mouths, in order to damp capillary ripples on the ocean surface and in this way provide more uniform lighting for their work. Similar stories were retold by Benjamin Franklin, who conducted experiments of his own in England (V an Doren 1938). In terms of analysis, this is a generally young field. Surface thermostatics developed relatively early, starting with Gibbs (1948) and continuing with important contributions by many others (see Chapter 5).

Surface Phenomena

Surface Phenomena
  • Author : Laszlo J. President , CEO Bonis,Henry Herman Hausner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-21
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 1489963472
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Summary :

Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Design

Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Design
  • Author : Laurence A. Belfiore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-07-04
  • Total pages :910
  • ISBN : 0471265586
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Summary : Laurence Belfiore’s unique treatment meshes two mainstreamsubject areas in chemical engineering: transport phenomena andchemical reactor design. Expressly intended as an extension ofBird, Stewart, and Lightfoot’s classic Transport Phenomena,and Froment and Bischoff’s Chemical Reactor Analysis andDesign, Second Edition, Belfiore’s unprecedented textexplores the synthesis of these two disciplines in a manner theupper undergraduate or graduate reader can readily grasp. Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Designapproaches the design of chemical reactors from microscopic heatand mass transfer principles. It includes simultaneousconsideration of kinetics and heat transfer, both critical to theperformance of real chemical reactors. Complementary topics intransport phenomena and thermodynamics that provide support forchemical reactor analysis are covered, including: Fluid dynamics in the creeping and potential flow regimesaround solid spheres and gas bubbles The corresponding mass transfer problems that employ velocityprofiles, derived in the book’s fluid dynamics chapter, tocalculate interphase heat and mass transfer coefficients Heat capacities of ideal gases via statistical thermodynamicsto calculate Prandtl numbers Thermodynamic stability criteria for homogeneous mixtures thatreveal that binary molecular diffusion coefficients must bepositive In addition to its comprehensive treatment, the text alsocontains 484 problems and ninety-six detailed solutions to assistin the exploration of the subject. Graduate and advancedundergraduate chemical engineering students, professors, andresearchers will appreciate the vision, innovation, and practicalapplication of Laurence Belfiore’s Transport Phenomenafor Chemical Reactor Design.

Transport Phenomena Between a Moving Web and a Parallel Stationary Plane Surface

Transport Phenomena Between a Moving Web and a Parallel Stationary Plane Surface
  • Author : David John Pickett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1967
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Transport Phenomena in Complex Fluids

Transport Phenomena in Complex Fluids
  • Author : Teodor Burghelea,Volfango Bertola
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-10
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 3030355586
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Summary : This book provides a thorough overview of transport phenomena in complex fluids, based on the latest research results and the newest methods for their analytical prediction and numerical simulation. The respective chapters cover several topics, including: a description of the structural features of the most common complex fluids (polymer and surfactant solutions, colloidal suspensions); an introduction to the most common non-Newtonian constitutive models and their relationship with the fluid microstructure; a detailed overview of the experimental methods used to characterise the thermophysical properties, bulk rheology, and surface properties of complex fluids; a comprehensive introduction to heat, mass, and momentum transport, and to hydrodynamic instabilities in complex fluids; and an introduction to state-of-the-art numerical methods used to simulate complex fluid flows, with a focus on the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) and the Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) techniques. Subsequent chapters provide in-depth descriptions of phenomena such as thermal convection, elastic turbulence, mixing of complex fluids, thermophoresis, sedimentation, and non-Newtonian drops and sprays. The book addresses research scientists and professionals, engineers, R&D managers and graduate students in the fields of engineering, chemistry, biology, medicine, and the applied and fundamental sciences.

Surface Phenomena in the Structural and Mechanical Behaviour of Solid Polymers

Surface Phenomena in the Structural and Mechanical Behaviour of Solid Polymers
  • Author : L. Volynskii,N. F. Bakeev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :526
  • ISBN : 1315359944
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Summary : Surface Phenomena in the Structural and Mechanical Behaviour of Solid Polymers explores the role of various surface phenomena in the structural and mechanical behaviour of amorphous and semicrystalline polymers. This book: Discusses the development of the interfacial surface in the deformation of polymers Examines the healing of interfacial surfaces in polymers Inspects the structure and properties of polymers in thin films and surface layers Evaluates the mechanism of inelastic deformation in glassy amorphous polymers Investigates strain softening and the phenomena taking place upon deformation of polymers in active liquid media Covers the Rehbinder effect, or the adsorption reduction of the strength of solids Describes the properties of polymers in environmental or solvent crazing Analyses the interaction of the highly developed surface of crazed polymers with diverse low- and high-molecular mass components Addresses the instability and self-organisation of surface layers in polymers and diverse polymer systems Presents theoretical speculations concerning the structurally mechanical behaviour of ‘a rigid coating on a soft substratum’ (RCSS) systems Assesses the stress–strain properties of the thin surface layers of polymers and the nanometric coatings deposited on their surfaces Highlights the efficacy of the approaches developed for RCSS systems for the analysis and description of natural phenomena Details the applied aspects of surface phenomena in the structurally mechanical behaviour of polymers Thus, Surface Phenomena in the Structural and Mechanical Behaviour of Solid Polymers provides a useful framework for the development of new and innovative polymer-based materials.

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals
  • Author : Joel L. Plawsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-23
  • Total pages :838
  • ISBN : 1466555351
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Summary : The third edition of Transport Phenomena Fundamentals continues with its streamlined approach to the subject of transport phenomena, based on a unified treatment of heat, mass, and momentum transport using a balance equation approach. The new edition makes more use of modern tools for working problems, such as COMSOL®, Maple®, and MATLAB®. It introduces new problems at the end of each chapter and sorts them by topic for ease of use. It also presents new concepts to expand the utility of the text beyond chemical engineering. The text is divided into two parts, which can be used for teaching a two-term course. Part I covers the balance equation in the context of diffusive transport—momentum, energy, mass, and charge. Each chapter adds a term to the balance equation, highlighting that term's effects on the physical behavior of the system and the underlying mathematical description. Chapters familiarize students with modeling and developing mathematical expressions based on the analysis of a control volume, the derivation of the governing differential equations, and the solution to those equations with appropriate boundary conditions. Part II builds on the diffusive transport balance equation by introducing convective transport terms, focusing on partial, rather than ordinary, differential equations. The text describes paring down the microscopic equations to simplify the models and solve problems, and it introduces macroscopic versions of the balance equations for when the microscopic approach fails or is too cumbersome. The text discusses the momentum, Bernoulli, energy, and species continuity equations, including a brief description of how these equations are applied to heat exchangers, continuous contactors, and chemical reactors. The book also introduces the three fundamental transport coefficients: the friction factor, the heat transfer coefficient, and the mass transfer coefficient in the context of boundary layer theory. The final chapter covers the basics of radiative heat transfer, including concepts such as blackbodies, graybodies, radiation shields, and enclosures. The third edition incorporates many changes to the material and includes updated discussions and examples and more than 70 new homework problems.

Fundamentals of transport phenomena in porous media

Fundamentals of transport phenomena in porous media
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1972-01-01
  • Total pages :389
  • ISBN : 9780080869681
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Summary : Fundamentals of transport phenomena in porous media

Surface Phenomena

Surface Phenomena
  • Author : Laszlo J. Bonis,Philip Louis De Bruyn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1966
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals, Second Edition

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals, Second Edition
  • Author : Joel L. Plawsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-24
  • Total pages :857
  • ISBN : 1439882126
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Summary : Although the practice of chemical engineering has broadened to encompass problems in a range of disciplines, including biology, biochemistry, and nanotechnology, one of the curriculum’s foundations is built upon the subject of transport phenomena. Transport Phenomena Fundamentals, Second Edition provides a unified treatment of heat, mass, and momentum transport based on a balance equation approach. Designed for a two-term course Used in a two-term transport phenomena sequence at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, this text streamlines the approach to how the subject is taught. The first part of the book takes students through the balance equation in the context of diffusive transport, be it momentum, energy, mass, or charge. Each chapter adds a term to the balance equation, highlighting the effects of that addition on the physical behavior of the system and the underlying mathematical description. The second half of the book builds upon the balance equation description of diffusive transport by introducing convective transport terms, focusing on partial rather than ordinary differential equations. The Navier–Stokes and convective transport equations are derived from balance equations in both macroscopic and microscopic forms. Includes examples and problems drawn from Comsol® software The second edition of this text is now enhanced by the use of finite element methods in the form of examples and extended homework problems. A series of example modules are associated with each chapter of the text. Some of the modules are used to produce examples in the text, and some are discussed in the homework at the end of each chapter. All of the modules are located online at an accompanying website which is designed to be a living component of the course. (available on the download tab)

Transport Phenomena in Dispersed Media

Transport Phenomena in Dispersed Media
  • Author : G. I. Kelbaliyev,D. B. Tagiyev,S.R. Rasulov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-26
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 0429522444
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Summary : Transport Phenomena in Dispersed Media addresses the main problems associated with the transfer of heat, mass and momentum. The authors focus on the analytical solutions of the mass and heat transfer equations; the theoretical problems of coalescence, coagulation, aggregation and fragmentation of dispersed particles; the rheology of structured aggregate and kinetically stable disperse systems; the precipitation of particles in a turbulent flow; the evolution of the distribution function; the stochastic counterpart of the mass transfer equations; the dissipation of energy in disperse systems; and many other problems that distinguish this book from existing publications. Key Selling Features Covers all technological processes taking place in the oil and gas complex, as well as in the petrochemical industry Presents new original solutions for calculating design as well as for the development and implementation of processes of chemical technology Organized to first provide an extensive review of each chapter topic, solve specific problems, and then review the solutions with the reader Contains complex mathematical expressions for practical calculations Compares results obtained on the basis of mathematical models with experimental data

Transport Phenomena

Transport Phenomena
  • Author : R. Byron Bird,Warren E. Stewart,Edwin N. Lightfoot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :905
  • ISBN : 0470115394
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Summary : This book presents balanced treatment of transport phenomena and equal emphasis on mass transport, momentum transport and energy transport. It include extensive reference to applications of material covered and the addition of appendices on applied mathematics topics, the Boltzmann equation, and a summary of the basic equations in several coordinate systems. 'Transport phenomena' offers literature citations throughout so you and your students know where to find additional material. It contains - Transport properties in two-phase systems; Boundary-layer theory; Heat and mass transfer coefficients; Dimensional analysis and scaling.

Surface Chemistry

Surface Chemistry
  • Author : A. Goel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9788183561501
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Summary : Contents: Surface Chemistry, Equations and Transport Phenomena in Gases, Solutions and their Theories, Physical and Constitutive Properties, Catalysis and Kinetics of Heterogeneous Reactions.

Transport Phenomena

Transport Phenomena
  • Author : Larry A. Glasgow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-01
  • Total pages :269
  • ISBN : 9781118031773
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Summary : Enables readers to apply transport phenomena principles to solve advanced problems in all areas of engineering and science This book helps readers elevate their understanding of, and their ability to apply, transport phenomena by introducing a broad range of advanced topics as well as analytical and numerical solution techniques. Readers gain the ability to solve complex problems generally not addressed in undergraduate-level courses, including nonlinear, multidimensional transport, and transient molecular and convective transport scenarios. Avoiding rote memorization, the author emphasizes a dual approach to learning in which physical understanding and problem-solving capability are developed simultaneously. Moreover, the author builds both readers' interest and knowledge by: Demonstrating that transport phenomena are pervasive, affecting every aspect of life Offering historical perspectives to enhance readers' understanding of current theory and methods Providing numerous examples drawn from a broad range of fields in the physical and life sciences and engineering Contextualizing problems in scenarios so that their rationale and significance are clear This text generally avoids the use of commercial software for problem solutions, helping readers cultivate a deeper understanding of how solutions are developed. References throughout the text promote further study and encourage the student to contemplate additional topics in transport phenomena. Transport Phenomena is written for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in chemical and mechanical engineering. Upon mastering the principles and techniques presented in this text, all readers will be better able to critically evaluate a broad range of physical phenomena, processes, and systems across many disciplines.

Electronic Processes at Solid Surfaces

Electronic Processes at Solid Surfaces
  • Author : E. Ilisca,Kenji Makoshi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9789810220129
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Summary : The subject of surface physics has now grown to become an exciting interdisciplinary field of research with important practical applications.The purpose of this book is to provide a guided tour of some recent advances, key research issues and approaches in electronic processes at solid surfaces.Apart from a few structural studies, selected topics have been chosen to illustrate the dynamical response of the solid surface to external probes, with the main emphasis on electron transfer phenomena.

Transport Phenomena in Multiphase Systems

Transport Phenomena in Multiphase Systems
  • Author : Amir Faghri,Yuwen Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :1030
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : Engineering students in a wide variety of engineering disciplines from mechanical and chemical to biomedical and materials engineering must master the principles of transport phenomena as an essential tool in analyzing and designing any system or systems wherein momentum, heat and mass are transferred. This textbook was developed to address that need, with a clear presentation of the fundamentals, ample problem sets to reinforce that knowledge, and tangible examples of how this knowledge is put to use in engineering design. Professional engineers, too, will find this book invaluable as reference for everything from heat exchanger design to chemical processing system design and more. * Develops an understanding of the thermal and physical behavior of multiphase systems with phase change, including microscale and porosity, for practical applications in heat transfer, bioengineering, materials science, nuclear engineering, environmental engineering, process engineering, biotechnology and nanotechnology * Brings all three forms of phase change, i.e., liquid vapor, solid liquid and solid vapor, into one volume and describes them from one perspective in the context of fundamental treatment * Presents the generalized integral and differential transport phenomena equations for multi-component multiphase systems in local instance as well as averaging formulations. The molecular approach is also discussed with the connection between microscopic and molecular approaches * Presents basic principles of analyzing transport phenomena in multiphase systems with emphasis on melting, solidification, sublimation, vapor deposition, condensation, evaporation, boiling and two-phase flow heat transfer at the micro and macro levels * Solid/liquid/vapor interfacial phenomena, including the concepts of surface tension, wetting phenomena, disjoining pressure, contact angle, thin films and capillary phenomena, including interfacial balances for mass, species, momentum, and energy for multi-component and multiphase interfaces are discussed * Ample examples and end-of-chapter problems, with Solutions Manual and PowerPoint presentation available to the instructors

Transport Phenomena in Microfluidic Systems

Transport Phenomena in Microfluidic Systems
  • Author : Pradipta Kumar Panigrahi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-15
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 1118298411
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Summary : Fully comprehensive introduction to the rapidly emerging area of micro systems technology Transport Phenomena in Micro Systems explores the fundamentals of the new technologies related to Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS). It deals with the behavior, precise control and manipulation of fluids that are geometrically constrained to a small, typically sub-millimeter, scale, such as nl, pl, fl, small size, low energy consumption, effects of the micro domain and heat transfer in the related devices. The author describes in detail and with extensive illustration micro fabrication, channel flow, transport laws, magnetophoresis, micro scale convection and micro sensors and activators, among others. This book spans multidisciplinary fields such as material science and mechanical engineering, engineering, physics, chemistry, microtechnology and biotechnology. Brings together in one collection recent and emerging developments in this fast-growing area of micro systems Covers multidisciplinary fields such as materials science, mechanical engineering, microtechnology and biotechnology, et al Comprehensive coverage of analytical models in microfluidics and MEMS technology Introduces micro fluidics applications include the development of inkjet printheads, micro-propulsion, and micro thermal technologies Presented in a very logical format Supplies readers with problems and solutions

Dynamic Surface Phenomena

Dynamic Surface Phenomena
  • Author : Paul Joos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-06
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9789067643009
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Summary : This monograph provides a comprehensive introduction into the fast developing research field of dynamic processes at liquid/gas and liquid/liquid interfaces to postgraduate students, scientists and engineers interested in the fundamentals of non-equilibrium interfacial properties. It also addresses to some extent application fields, such as foams and emulsions. Theory and experiments on dynamic adsorption layers are considered systematically and discussed with respect to processes at interfaces. It is both an introduction for beginners in the present field as well as a systematic preparation of a vast range of the current scientific investigations generalised, together with accumulated knowledge for those already being an insider. It is the first extensive review available on the subject of dynamics of adsorption and gives a general summary of the current state of adsorption kinetics theory and experiments. The book also reviews recent progress in new-designed set-ups and improved and generalised known methods for studying interfacial relaxations.

Transport Phenomena in combustion

Transport Phenomena in combustion
  • Author : Shih Hung Chan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781591690023
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Summary :