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Transport and Surface Phenomena

Transport and Surface Phenomena
  • Author : Kamil Wichterle,Marek Vecer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-22
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9780128189955
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Summary : Transport and Surface Phenomena provides an overview of the key transfers taking place in reactions and explores how calculations of momentum, energy and mass transfers can help researchers develop the most appropriate, cost effective solutions to chemical problems. Beginning with a thorough overview of the nature of transport phenomena, the book goes on to explore balances in transport phenomena, including key equations for assessing balances, before concluding by outlining mathematical methods for solving the transfer equations. Drawing on the experience of its expert authors, it is an accessible introduction to the field for students, researchers and professionals working in chemical engineering. The book and is also ideal for those in related fields such as physical chemistry, energy engineering, and materials science, for whom a deeper understanding of these interactions could enhance their work. Presents fundamental background knowledge and experimental methods in a clear and accessible style Cements information through problems for the reader to solve, making the book ideal for learning, teaching and refreshing subject knowledge Outlines mathematical approaches for solving energy transfers to show applications of the key equations in practice

Interphase Transport and Accompanying Surface Phenomena in Mass and Heat Transfer Operations

Interphase Transport and Accompanying Surface Phenomena in Mass and Heat Transfer Operations
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:911146456
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Summary :

Transport Phenomena of Foods and Biological Materials

Transport Phenomena of Foods and Biological Materials
  • Author : Vassilis Gekas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-02
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781351406970
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Summary : Transport Phenomena of Foods and Biological Materials provides comprehensive coverage of transport phenomena modeling in foods and other biological materials. The book is unique in its consideration of models ranging from rigorous mathematical to empirical approaches, including phenomenological and semi-empirical models. It examines cell structure and descriptions of other non-traditional models, such as those based on irreversible thermodynamics or those focused on the use of the chemical and electrochemical potential as the driving forces of transport. Other topics discussed include the source term (important for the coupling transport phenomena-reaction or other intentional/unintentional phenomena) and the connections between transport phenomena modeling and design aspects. Some 100 tables provide useful summaries of the characteristics of each model and provide data about the transport properties of an extensive variety of foods. Transport Phenomena of Foods and Biological Materials will benefit a broad audience of chemists, biochemists, biotechnologists, and other scientists in the academic and industrial realm of foods and biological materials.

Transport Phenomena in Dispersed Media

Transport Phenomena in Dispersed Media
  • Author : G. I. Kelbaliyev,D. B. Tagiyev,S.R. Rasulov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-26
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9780429522444
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Summary : Transport Phenomena in Dispersed Media addresses the main problems associated with the transfer of heat, mass and momentum. The authors focus on the analytical solutions of the mass and heat transfer equations; the theoretical problems of coalescence, coagulation, aggregation and fragmentation of dispersed particles; the rheology of structured aggregate and kinetically stable disperse systems; the precipitation of particles in a turbulent flow; the evolution of the distribution function; the stochastic counterpart of the mass transfer equations; the dissipation of energy in disperse systems; and many other problems that distinguish this book from existing publications. Key Selling Features Covers all technological processes taking place in the oil and gas complex, as well as in the petrochemical industry Presents new original solutions for calculating design as well as for the development and implementation of processes of chemical technology Organized to first provide an extensive review of each chapter topic, solve specific problems, and then review the solutions with the reader Contains complex mathematical expressions for practical calculations Compares results obtained on the basis of mathematical models with experimental data

Transport Phenomena in Microfluidic Systems

Transport Phenomena in Microfluidic Systems
  • Author : Pradipta Kumar Panigrahi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-15
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9781118298411
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Summary : Fully comprehensive introduction to the rapidly emerging area of micro systems technology Transport Phenomena in Micro Systems explores the fundamentals of the new technologies related to Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS). It deals with the behavior, precise control and manipulation of fluids that are geometrically constrained to a small, typically sub-millimeter, scale, such as nl, pl, fl, small size, low energy consumption, effects of the micro domain and heat transfer in the related devices. The author describes in detail and with extensive illustration micro fabrication, channel flow, transport laws, magnetophoresis, micro scale convection and micro sensors and activators, among others. This book spans multidisciplinary fields such as material science and mechanical engineering, engineering, physics, chemistry, microtechnology and biotechnology. Brings together in one collection recent and emerging developments in this fast-growing area of micro systems Covers multidisciplinary fields such as materials science, mechanical engineering, microtechnology and biotechnology, et al Comprehensive coverage of analytical models in microfluidics and MEMS technology Introduces micro fluidics applications include the development of inkjet printheads, micro-propulsion, and micro thermal technologies Presented in a very logical format Supplies readers with problems and solutions

Advanced Transport Phenomena

Advanced Transport Phenomena
  • Author : L. Gary Leal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-18
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1139462067
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Summary : Advanced Transport Phenomena is ideal as a graduate textbook. It contains a detailed discussion of modern analytic methods for the solution of fluid mechanics and heat and mass transfer problems, focusing on approximations based on scaling and asymptotic methods, beginning with the derivation of basic equations and boundary conditions and concluding with linear stability theory. Also covered are unidirectional flows, lubrication and thin-film theory, creeping flows, boundary layer theory, and convective heat and mass transport at high and low Reynolds numbers. The emphasis is on basic physics, scaling and nondimensionalization, and approximations that can be used to obtain solutions that are due either to geometric simplifications, or large or small values of dimensionless parameters. The author emphasizes setting up problems and extracting as much information as possible short of obtaining detailed solutions of differential equations. The book also focuses on the solutions of representative problems. This reflects the book's goal of teaching readers to think about the solution of transport problems.

Environmental Transport Phenomena

Environmental Transport Phenomena
  • Author : A. Eduardo Sáez,James C. Baygents
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-01
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9781466576247
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Summary : Environmental Transport Phenomena offers a detailed yet accessible introduction to transport phenomena. It begins by explaining the underlying principles and mechanisms that govern mass transport and continues by tackling practical problems spanning all subdisciplines of environmental science and chemical engineering. Assuming some knowledge of ordinary differential equations and a familiarity with basic applications of fluid mechanics, this classroom-tested text: Addresses mass conservation and macroscopic mass balances, placing a special emphasis on applications to environmental processes Covers the fundamentals of diffusive transport, applications of the diffusion equation, and diffusive transport in reactive systems Discusses convective transport, hydrodynamic dispersion, and transport in multiphase systems Presents a mathematical framework for formulating and solving transport phenomena problems Environmental Transport Phenomena makes an ideal textbook for a one-semester advanced undergraduate or graduate introductory course in transport phenomena. It provides a fundamental understanding of how to quantify the spread and distribution of contaminants in the environment as well as the basis for designing processes related to water purification, wastewater treatment, and solid waste disposal, among others.

Surface Electronic Transport Phenomena in Semiconductors

Surface Electronic Transport Phenomena in Semiconductors
  • Author : V. N. Dobrovolsky,Vladimir Grigorʹevich Litovchenko,V. G. Litovchenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-09-26
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : UOM:39015024803754
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Summary : Layered metal-insulator-semiconductor microstructures have become an important research area in semiconductor microelectronics. New devices utilize phenomena occuring at or near the semiconductor surface directly. This monograph provides a survey of the diverse experimental and theoretical results for electron and hole transport in surface and subsurface regions of semiconductors, with an emphasis on the mechanisms involved and special measurement procedures necessary, for example in Hall current measurements. This English edition has been substantially revised and updated from the original Russian edition.

Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Design

Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Design
  • Author : Laurence A. Belfiore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-04-11
  • Total pages :910
  • ISBN : 9780471202752
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Summary : Laurence Belfiore’s unique treatment meshes two mainstream subject areas in chemical engineering: transport phenomena and chemical reactor design. Expressly intended as an extension of Bird, Stewart, and Lightfoot’s classic Transport Phenomena, and Froment and Bischoff’s Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design, Second Edition, Belfiore’s unprecedented text explores the synthesis of these two disciplines in a manner the upper undergraduate or graduate reader can readily grasp. Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Design approaches the design of chemical reactors from microscopic heat and mass transfer principles. It includes simultaneous consideration of kinetics and heat transfer, both critical to the performance of real chemical reactors. Complementary topics in transport phenomena and thermodynamics that provide support for chemical reactor analysis are covered, including: Fluid dynamics in the creeping and potential flow regimes around solid spheres and gas bubbles The corresponding mass transfer problems that employ velocity profiles, derived in the book’s fluid dynamics chapter, to calculate interphase heat and mass transfer coefficients Heat capacities of ideal gases via statistical thermodynamics to calculate Prandtl numbers Thermodynamic stability criteria for homogeneous mixtures that reveal that binary molecular diffusion coefficients must be positive In addition to its comprehensive treatment, the text also contains 484 problems and ninety-six detailed solutions to assist in the exploration of the subject. Graduate and advanced undergraduate chemical engineering students, professors, and researchers will appreciate the vision, innovation, and practical application of Laurence Belfiore’s Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Design.

Fractal Surfaces and Their Applications to Surface Phenomena

Fractal Surfaces and Their Applications to Surface Phenomena
  • Author : Arunava Majumdar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : UCAL:$C73065
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Summary :

Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing

Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing
  • Author : David R. Poirier,G. Geiger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-06
  • Total pages :660
  • ISBN : 9783319480909
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Summary : This text provides a teachable and readable approach to transport phenomena (momentum, heat, and mass transport) by providing numerous examples and applications, which are particularly important to metallurgical, ceramic, and materials engineers. Because the authors feel that it is important for students and practicing engineers to visualize the physical situations, they have attempted to lead the reader through the development and solution of the relevant differential equations by applying the familiar principles of conservation to numerous situations and by including many worked examples in each chapter. The book is organized in a manner characteristic of other texts in transport phenomena. Section I deals with the properties and mechanics of fluid motion; Section II with thermal properties and heat transfer; and Section III with diffusion and mass transfer. The authors depart from tradition by building on a presumed understanding of the relationships between the structure and properties of matter, particularly in the chapters devoted to the transport properties (viscosity, thermal conductivity, and the diffusion coefficients). In addition, generous portions of the text, numerous examples, and many problems at the ends of the chapters apply transport phenomena to materials processing.

Liquid and Vapour Flows in Porous Bodies

Liquid and Vapour Flows in Porous Bodies
  • Author : N.V. Churaev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-02
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9781351434997
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Summary : Adopts a completely original approach to the study of processes of mass transfer. In contrast to the usual approach, based on the concept of continuum media and the theory of heat and mass transfer, the topic is considered from a new viewpoint, taking into account the heterogeneous dispersal state of porous bodies. The author bases his discussion on the theory of surface forces and microhydrodynamic analysis of the processes of mass transport of gases, liquids and vapors, providing the reader with a systematic account of liquid/solid and gas/solid interfaces. Topics treated in this book include structural peculiarities, equilibrium and properties of liquids in porous bodies. Various mechanisms of mass transfer are considered, including liquid flow in pores and films, gas diffusion, combined transfer of liquid and vapor, convective diffusion in solutions, structure formation, capillary phenomena, and wetting. This unique book provides a wealth of information from the former Soviet Union, which will be of great interest to chemists, physicists and materials scientists, as well as industrialists working with a variety of different products in which disperse systems and porous bodies are important.

Ab-initio Calculations of the Hydrogen-uranium System. Part I

Ab-initio Calculations of the Hydrogen-uranium System. Part I
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:727222964
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Summary : Density functional theory was applied to the initial steps of uranium hydriding: surface phenomena, absorption, bulk transport and trapping. H adsorbs exothermically to the (0 0 1) surface, yet H absorption into the bulk is endothermic, with off-center octahedral absorption having the lowest absorption energy of 0.39 eV, relative to molecular H2. H absorption in interstitial sites causes a local softening of the bulk modulus. Diffusion of H in unstrained [alpha]-U has a barrier of 0.6 eV. The energy of H absorption adjacent to the chemical impurities C, S, Si was lowered by an amount proportional to the size of the impurity atom, and the resulting lattice strain Si> S> C. Thus, impurities may promote hydriding by providing surfaces or prestrained zones for H uptake.

Surface Forces

Surface Forces
  • Author : Nikolai V. Churaev,B.V. Derjaguin,V.M. Muller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781475766394
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Summary : This monograph is devoted to long-range surface forces sig nificant far beyond a single monolayer and felt over tens or even hundreds of molecular layers adjacent to an interface. The transi tion from the concept of short-range effects that reigned earlier to the concept of long-range forces simultaneously signified the transition from a two-dimensional world to a three-dimensional one, incomparably richer in physicochemical phenomena. This transition took many years and evolved through many steps. It began with the Gouy-Chapman theory of diffuse ionic atmospheres, which together with London's theory of molecular forces was used as a basis for the development (beginning in 1937) of the DLVO theory of stability of lyophobic colloids. Further elaboration of the theory involved the introduction of new types of force, and a generalization (in 1954) to the case of interaction between unlike particles (hetero coagulation). This theory is fundamental in such large-scale prac tical problems as flotation, water treatment, dyeing, soil science, microbiology, and interaction between biological cells. This book is the first comprehensive monograph devoted to sur face forces. This fact makes it easier to attract the reader's interest; yet, the reader's demands become all the more difficult to satisfy completely. Indeed, the research that we review and analyze here covers about 50 years of work. Much data has been amassed, so that the main problem was a careful selection and an alysis.

Micro Transport Phenomena During Boiling

Micro Transport Phenomena During Boiling
  • Author : Xiaofeng Peng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-05
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : 3642134548
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Summary : “Micro Transport Phenomena During Boiling” reviews the new achievements and contributions in recent investigations at microscale. The content mainly includes (i) fundamentals for conducting investigations of micro boiling, (ii) microscale boiling and transport phenomena, (iii) boiling characteristics at microscale, (iv) some important applications of micro boiling transport phenomena. This book is intended for researchers and engineers in the field of micro energy systems, electronic cooling, and thermal management in various compact devices/systems at high heat removal and/or heat dissipation. Dr. Xiaofeng Peng, who had passed away on Sep. 10, 2009, was a professor at the Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, China.

Interfacial Transport Phenomena

Interfacial Transport Phenomena
  • Author : John C. Slattery,Leonard Sagis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :1827
  • ISBN : 9781475720907
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Summary : Transport phenomena is used here to descril>e momentum, energy, mass, and entropy transfer (Bird et al. 1960, 1980). It includes thermodynamies, a special case of which is thermostatics. Interfacial transport phenomena refers to momentum, energy , mass, and entropy transfer within the immediate neighborhood of a phase interface, including the thermodynamies of the interface. In terms of qualitative physical observations, this is a very old field. Pliny the EIder (Gaius Plinius Secundus, 23-79 A.D.; Pliny 1938) described divers who released small quantities of oil from their mouths, in order to damp capillary ripples on the ocean surface and in this way provide more uniform lighting for their work. Similar stories were retold by Benjamin Franklin, who conducted experiments of his own in England (V an Doren 1938). In terms of analysis, this is a generally young field. Surface thermostatics developed relatively early, starting with Gibbs (1948) and continuing with important contributions by many others (see Chapter 5).

Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing, 1990

Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing, 1990
  • Author : Patricia J. Bishop,American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Winter Annual Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :187
  • ISBN : UOM:39015019604399
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Summary :

Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing

Transport Phenomena in Manufacturing and Materials Processing
  • Author : W.-J. Yang,S. Mochizuki,N. Nishiwaki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-21
  • Total pages :193
  • ISBN : 9781483291321
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Summary : Motivated by international competition and an easy access to high-speed computers the manufacturing and materials processing industry has seen many changes in recent times. New techniques are constantly being devloped based on a broad range of basic sciences including physics, chemistry and particularly thermal-fluids sciences and kinetics. In order to produce and treat massive products, the industry is also in need of a very wide range of engineering knowledge and skill for integrating metallurgy, mechanics, electricity, transport phenomena, instrumentation and computer control. This monograph covers a part of these demands, namely by presenting the available knowledge on transport phenomena in manufacturing and materials processing. It is divided into four parts. Part I deals with the fundamentals of transport phenomena, including the transfer of momentum, energy, mass, electric and magnetic properties. Parts II and III are concerned with applications of the fundamentals in transport phenomena occurring in manufacturing and materials processing, respectively. Emphasis has been placed on common aspects of both discciplines, such as forming, machining, welding, casting, injection molding, surface processes, heating and cooling, solidification, crystal growth and diffusion. Part IV deals with beam technology and microgravity, two topics of current importance.

Microchannel Phase Change Transport Phenomena

Microchannel Phase Change Transport Phenomena
  • Author : Sujoy Kumar Saha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-27
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9780128043561
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Summary : Microchannel Heat transfer is the cooling application of high power density microchips in the CPU system, micropower systems and many other large scale thermal systems requiring effective cooling capacity. This book offers the latest research and recommended models on the microsize cooling system which not only significantly reduces the weight load, but also enhances the capability to remove much greater amount of heat than any of large scale cooling systems. A detailed reference in microchannel phase change (boiling and condensation) including recommended models and correlations for various requirements such as pressure loss, and heat transfer coefficient. Researchers, engineers, designers and students will benefit from the collated, state-of-the-art of the research put together in this book and its systematic, addressing all the relevant issues and providing a good reference for solving problems of critical analysis. Up-to-date information will help delineate further research direction in the microchannel heat transfer The latest modeling information and recommendations will help in design method and purpose

Transport Phenomena in Complex Fluids

Transport Phenomena in Complex Fluids
  • Author : Teodor Burghelea,Volfango Bertola
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-10
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9783030355586
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Summary : This book provides a thorough overview of transport phenomena in complex fluids, based on the latest research results and the newest methods for their analytical prediction and numerical simulation. The respective chapters cover several topics, including: a description of the structural features of the most common complex fluids (polymer and surfactant solutions, colloidal suspensions); an introduction to the most common non-Newtonian constitutive models and their relationship with the fluid microstructure; a detailed overview of the experimental methods used to characterise the thermophysical properties, bulk rheology, and surface properties of complex fluids; a comprehensive introduction to heat, mass, and momentum transport, and to hydrodynamic instabilities in complex fluids; and an introduction to state-of-the-art numerical methods used to simulate complex fluid flows, with a focus on the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) and the Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) techniques. Subsequent chapters provide in-depth descriptions of phenomena such as thermal convection, elastic turbulence, mixing of complex fluids, thermophoresis, sedimentation, and non-Newtonian drops and sprays. The book addresses research scientists and professionals, engineers, R&D managers and graduate students in the fields of engineering, chemistry, biology, medicine, and the applied and fundamental sciences.

The Effect of Space Conditions on Interface and Transport Phenomena

The Effect of Space Conditions on Interface and Transport Phenomena
  • Author : Axel Bewersdorff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :23
  • ISBN : LCCN:ntc89011344
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Summary :