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Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress

Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress
  • Author : Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Durgesh Kunar Tripathi,Rupesh Deshmukh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-01
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9780128179598
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Summary : Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress: Sensing, Signaling and Trafficking focuses on the potential negative impact of abiotic stresses on plant health and crop yield. The book focuses on the current state of knowledge of the biochemical and molecular regulation of several classes of membrane transporters during different stresses, along with their probable mechanisms of operation in plant stress tolerance. The exhaustive discussion presented in this book highlights steps appropriate for mitigating multiple forms of stresses utilizing transporter proteins. Edited by leading experts and authored by top researchers from around the world, the book will be valuable to researchers, academicians and scientists who want to enhance and boost their knowledge for further research in the field of transporters with respect to abiotic stress responses. Focuses exclusively on the transporter proteins involved in multiple environmental stresses in plants Explains how to exploit transporters in crop improvement programs through transgenic technology against different stresses like salt, dehydration and temperature impacts Serves as an important source of information in the field of abiotic stress

Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress

Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress
  • Author : Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Rupesh Deshmukh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-01
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9780128179567
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Summary : Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress focuses on the different forms of environmental stress related to heavy metal, metalloid and nutrient deficiency that have the potential to inflict major damages to crop plants, leading to a massive decrease in crop yield and productivity. The book presents the current state of knowledge of the biochemical and molecular regulation of several classes of membrane transporters related to the uptake of metals/metalloids and nutrient elements during different stresses and their probable mechanisms of operation in plant stress tolerance. Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress provides a comprehensive discussion that will help in mitigating multiple forms of stresses utilizing transporter proteins. Edited by leading experts and written by a global team of knowledgeable contributors, this book will further stimulate research in the field of transporter proteins and will foster further interests for researchers, academicians and scientists worldwide. It is complimented by its companion book titled Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress. Focuses exclusively on metal and nutrient transporters involved in multiple environmental stresses in plants Explains exploiting transporters in crop improvement programs through transgenic technology against different stresses such as heavy metal, metalloid and nutrient deficiency Serves as an important source of information in the field of abiotic stress

Three-dimensional Solute Transport Modeling in Coupled Soil and Plant Root Systems

Three-dimensional Solute Transport Modeling in Coupled Soil and Plant Root Systems
  • Author : Natalie Schröder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-21
  • Total pages :126
  • ISBN : 9783893369232
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Summary :

Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Mechanisms and Regulation of Ion Transport

Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Mechanisms and Regulation of Ion Transport
  • Author : Vadim Volkov,Mary J. Beilby
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-12
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889453696
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Summary : Life presumably arose in the primeval oceans with similar or even greater salinity than the present ocean, so the ancient cells were designed to withstand salinity. However, the immediate ancestors of land plants most likely lived in fresh, or slightly brackish, water. The fresh/brackish water origins might explain why many land plants, including some cereals, can withstand moderate salinity, but only 1 – 2 % of all the higher plant species were able to re-discover their saline origins again and survive at increased salinities close to that of seawater. From a practical side, salinity is among the major threats to agriculture, having been one of the reasons for the demise of the ancient Mesopotamian Sumer civilisation and in the present time causing huge annual economic losses of over 10 billion USD. The effects of salinity on plants include osmotic stress, disruption of membrane ion transport, direct toxicity of high cytoplasmic concentrations of sodium and chloride on cellular processes and induced oxidative stress. Ion transport is the crucial starting point that determines salinity tolerance in plants. Transport via membranes is mediated mostly by the ion channels and transporters, which ensure selective passage of specific ions. The molecular and structural diversity of these ion channels and transporters is amazing. Obtaining the detailed descriptions of distinct ion channels and transporters present in halophytes, marine algae and salt-tolerant fungi and then progressing to the cellular and the whole organism mechanisms, is one of the logical ways to understand high salinity tolerance. Transfer of the genes from halophytes to agricultural crops is a means to increase salt tolerance of the crops. The theoretical scientific approaches involve protein chemistry, structure-function relations of membrane proteins, synthetic biology, systems biology and physiology of stress and ion homeostasis. At the time of compiling this e-book many aspects of ion transport under salinity stress are not yet well understood. The e-book has attracted researchers in ion transport and salinity tolerance. We have combined our efforts to achieve a wider, more detailed understanding of salt tolerance in plants mediated by ion transport, to understand present and future ways to modify and manipulate ion transport and salinity tolerance and also to find natural limits for the modifications.

Understanding the Molecular Mechanisms of Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress

Understanding the Molecular Mechanisms of Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress
  • Author : Sang Yeol Lee,Dae-Jin Yun,Jose M. Pardo,Motoaki Seki,Yan Guo,Abel Rosado
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-20
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889634910
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Summary : Plant responses to environmental stress are governed by complex molecular and biochemical signal transduction processes, which act in coordination to determine tolerance or sensitivity at the whole plant level. Upon exposure to abiotic stress, plants express a sophisticated coordinated response to reprogram interconnected defense networks and metabolic pathways, by alterations in the transcription, translation, and post-translational modification of defense-related genes and proteins. Traditionally, physiological and phenotypic responses were the major ones to be collected in plant stress biology. However, modern studies include the identification of key genes that influence stress tolerance and plant growth under the imposing stress and the verification of gene functions using knock out mutants or overexpression lines. In addition, genomics has become a necessary tool for the understanding of plant stress responses at the whole genome levels. The identification of stress-tolerant plant resources and the investigation of the functional role of the genetic variants is also a valuable tool in this research field. Recently, the advent of CRISPR/Cas genome editing technology, enables these variations to be introduced in crops for improved stress tolerance traits. Through the understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in plant signaling in response to abiotic stress and crop performance characters under stress conditions, we hope to open new ways for the breeding of superior crops.

Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Mechanisms and Regulation of Ion Transport

Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Mechanisms and Regulation of Ion Transport
  • Author : Vadim Volkov,Mary J. Beilby
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-12
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889453696
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Life presumably arose in the primeval oceans with similar or even greater salinity than the present ocean, so the ancient cells were designed to withstand salinity. However, the immediate ancestors of land plants most likely lived in fresh, or slightly brackish, water. The fresh/brackish water origins might explain why many land plants, including some cereals, can withstand moderate salinity, but only 1 – 2 % of all the higher plant species were able to re-discover their saline origins again and survive at increased salinities close to that of seawater. From a practical side, salinity is among the major threats to agriculture, having been one of the reasons for the demise of the ancient Mesopotamian Sumer civilisation and in the present time causing huge annual economic losses of over 10 billion USD. The effects of salinity on plants include osmotic stress, disruption of membrane ion transport, direct toxicity of high cytoplasmic concentrations of sodium and chloride on cellular processes and induced oxidative stress. Ion transport is the crucial starting point that determines salinity tolerance in plants. Transport via membranes is mediated mostly by the ion channels and transporters, which ensure selective passage of specific ions. The molecular and structural diversity of these ion channels and transporters is amazing. Obtaining the detailed descriptions of distinct ion channels and transporters present in halophytes, marine algae and salt-tolerant fungi and then progressing to the cellular and the whole organism mechanisms, is one of the logical ways to understand high salinity tolerance. Transfer of the genes from halophytes to agricultural crops is a means to increase salt tolerance of the crops. The theoretical scientific approaches involve protein chemistry, structure-function relations of membrane proteins, synthetic biology, systems biology and physiology of stress and ion homeostasis. At the time of compiling this e-book many aspects of ion transport under salinity stress are not yet well understood. The e-book has attracted researchers in ion transport and salinity tolerance. We have combined our efforts to achieve a wider, more detailed understanding of salt tolerance in plants mediated by ion transport, to understand present and future ways to modify and manipulate ion transport and salinity tolerance and also to find natural limits for the modifications.

Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress

Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress
  • Author : Heribert Hirt,Kazuo Shinozaki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-10-08
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 3540200371
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Summary : Environmental stresses represent the most limiting factors for agricultural productivity. Apart from biotic stress caused by plant pathogens, there are a number of abiotic stresses such as extremes in temperature, drought, salinity, heavy metals and radiation which all have detrimental effects on plant growth and yield. However, certain plant species and ecotypes have developed various mechanisms to adapt to such stress conditions. Recent advances in the understanding of these abiotic stress responses provided the impetus for compiling up-to-date reviews discussing all relevant topics in abiotic stress signaling of plants in a single volume. Topical reviews were prepared by selected experts and contain an introduction, discussion of the state of the art and important future tasks of the particular fields.

O2 and ROS Metabolisms in Photosynthetic Organisms

O2 and ROS Metabolisms in Photosynthetic Organisms
  • Author : Chikahiro Miyake,Kentaro Ifuku,Anja Liszkay,Ko Noguchi,Mikko Tikkanen,Yuji Suzuki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-07
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889663637
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Summary :

Legumes under Environmental Stress

Legumes under Environmental Stress
  • Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-01
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781118917114
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Summary : Leguminous crops have been found to contribute almost 27% of the world’s primary crop production. However, due to environmental fluctuations, legumes are often exposed to different environmental stresses, leading to problems with growth and development, and ultimately, decreased yield. This timely review explains the transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, transgenomics, functional genomics and phenomics of a wide range of different leguminous crops under biotic and abiotic stresses, and their genetic and molecular responses. Amongst others the text describes the effect of nutrient deficiency, pesticides, salt, and temperature stress on legumes. Importantly, the book explores the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches that are used to overcome biotic and abiotic constraints in legumes. It looks at the exogenous application of phytoprotectants; the role of nutrients in the alleviation of abiotic stress; and the microbial strategy for the improvement of legume production under hostile environments. Key features: demonstrates how to mitigate the negative effect of stress on leguminous crops, and how to improve the yield under stress the most up-to-date research in the field written by an international team of active researchers and practitioners across academia, industry and non-profit organisations. This volume is a valuable and much-needed resource for scientists, professionals and researchers working in plant science, breeding, food security, crop improvement and agriculture worldwide. In universities it will educate postgraduate and graduate students in plant science and agriculture; it will also benefit those in scientific institutions and in biotech and agribusiness companies, who deal with agronomy and environment.

Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants

Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants
  • Author : Ashwani K. Rai,Teruhiro Takabe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-15
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9781402043895
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Summary : A state-of-the-art guide to recent developments in the understanding of plant response to abiotic stresses. Each chapter reflects how new techniques have helped physiologists, biochemists and molecular biologists to understand the basic problems of abiotic stress in plant species. The book supplies extensive bibliographies at the end of each chapter, as well as tables and figures that illustrate the research findings.

Plant Electrophysiology

Plant Electrophysiology
  • Author : Alexander G. Volkov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-19
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 9783540378433
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Summary : This book compiles new findings in plant electrophysiology from the work of internationally renowned experts in the fields of electrophysiology, bio-electrochemistry, biophysics, signal transduction, phloem transport, tropisms, ion channels, plant electrochemistry, and membrane transport. Opening with a historical introduction, the book reviews methods in plant electrophysiology, introducing such topics as measuring membrane potentials and ion fluxes, path-clamp technique, and electrochemical sensors. The coverage includes experimental results and their theoretical interpretation.

Water Relations of Plants

Water Relations of Plants
  • Author : Paul J Kramer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :489
  • ISBN : 9780323138239
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Summary : Water Relations of Plants attempts to explain the importance of water through a description of the factors that control the plant water balance and how they affect the physiological processes that determine the quantity and quality of growth. Organized into 13 chapters, this book first discusses the functions and properties of water and the plant cell water relations. Subsequent chapters focus on measurement and control of soil water, as well as growth and functions of root. This book also looks into the water absorption, the ascent of sap, the transpiration, and the water stress and its effects on plant processes and growth. This book will be useful for students, teachers, and investigators in both basic and applied plant science, as well as for botanists, agronomists, foresters, horticulturists, soil scientists, and even laymen with an interest in plant water relations.

Advances in Botanical Research

Advances in Botanical Research
  • Author : J. A. Callow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-10-19
  • Total pages :207
  • ISBN : 9780120059294
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Summary : Advances in Botanical Research is a multi-volume publication that brings together reviews by recognized experts on subjects of importance to those involved in botanical research. For more than thirty years, Advances in Botanical Research has earned a reputation for excellence in the field. For those working on plant pathology, Advances in Plant Pathology has also carved a niche in the plant sciences during its decade of publication. Academic Press has merged Advances in Plant Pathology into Advances in Botanical Research. The plant science community will find that the merger of these two serials will provide one comprehensive resource for the field. To ensure complete coverage, John Andrews and Inez Tommerup, the editors of Advances in Plant Pathology, have joined the editorial board of the new series, which will include equal coverage of plant pathology and botany in both thematic and mixed volumes. The first few volumes of the new series will be slanted toward botany or plant pathology; however, future eclectic volumes will be fully integrated. The resulting synergy of these two serials greatly benefits the plant science community by providing a more comprehensive resource under one roof. The joint aim is to continue to include the very best articles, thereby maintaining the status of a high impact factor review series.

Signal Transduction in Plants

Signal Transduction in Plants
  • Author : P. Aducci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :183
  • ISBN : 9783034891837
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Summary : Increasing interest has been emerging in the last decade in the field of signal recognition and transduction. This is particularly true for animal systems where an impressive amount of literature is appearing and where many important pathways have been clarified at a molecular level. In the elucidation of the functions of single components of a given pathway, gene cloning has played a major role and opened the field to the genetic engineering of these complex systems. At variance with this situation, plant systems are less well elucidated, even if in recent years exciting research of developments have been initiated especially with the view toward the most promising role plants in biotechnology. Recent studies have elucidated some of the events involved in the perception of the plant hormone signals and some steps concerning its transduction. Only for three of the five hormones in plants, namely auxin, ethylene and cytokinins, have specific receptors been isolated. The use of classical molecular approaches, together with the more recently isolated mutants, have produced crucial information on receptors and shed light on possible transduction pathways. As in the case of red light, more than one pathway can be triggered by one specific signal. Many systems involved in animal signaling are now shown to be present also in plants, and in view of the fast progress in this area, it will be possible in the near future to fully describe the content of the "black boxes" in the reaction chain specifically triggered by a signal.

Membrane Transport in Plants Annual Plant Reviews, Volume Fifteen

Membrane Transport in Plants Annual Plant Reviews, Volume Fifteen
  • Author : Michael R. Blatt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-11-29
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 0849323517
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Summary : Research in to membrane transport has advanced rapidly in recent years, following the availability of new biophysical techniques, the integration of structural and molecular approaches, and developments in molecular genomics. With an expanding population, agricultural production is pushed increasingly into marginal areas, promoting interest in the genetic engineering of crop species to cope with these conditions. Membrane Transport in Plants provides on overview of our current understanding of plant membrane transport in the light of recent developments. The volume is directed at researchers and professionals in plant cell biology, biochemistry and physiology.

Abiotic Stress Biology in Horticultural Plants

Abiotic Stress Biology in Horticultural Plants
  • Author : Yoshinori Kanayama,Alexey Kochetov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-16
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9784431552512
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Summary : The purpose of this publication is to elucidate the biological aspect of the abiotic stress response from the field to the molecular level in horticultural plants. This book is unique in that it concerns the basic aspect of abiotic stress biology and research progress at the molecular level in model plants or major field crops, as it focuses mainly on the abiotic stress response in existing horticultural plants. Many readers interested in plant abiotic stress biology are aware of the application of the latest findings to agricultural production, and this book will have a special appeal for those readers. The book will be of interest to scientists and graduate students who are involved in the research, development, production, processing, and marketing of horticultural products, including those in developing countries who are interested in high tech and advanced science in this field. The application of the latest findings to agricultural production is particularly useful. Stress tolerance mechanisms in horticultural crops are gaining importance, because most agricultural regions are predicted to experience considerably more extreme environmental fluctuations due to global climate change. Further, because of recent progress in next-generation sequencing technologies, the postgenomic era is impending not only in model plants and major cereal crops but also in horticultural crops, which comprise a great diversity of species. This book provides information on the physiological aspects of the abiotic stress response in horticultural plants, which is considered essential for postgenomic research.

Molecular Stress Physiology of Plants

Molecular Stress Physiology of Plants
  • Author : Gyana Ranjan Rout,Anath Bandhu Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-12
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9788132208075
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Summary : Crop growth and production is dependent on various climatic factors. Both abiotic and biotic stresses have become an integral part of plant growth and development. There are several factors involved in plant stress mechanism. The information in the area of plant growth and molecular mechanism against abiotic and biotic stresses is scattered. The up-to-date information with cited references is provided in this book in an organized way. More emphasis has been given to elaborate the injury and tolerance mechanisms and growth behavior in plants against abiotic and biotic stresses. This book also deals with abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in plants, molecular mechanism of stress resistance of photosynthetic machinery, stress tolerance in plants: special reference to salt stress - a biochemical and physiological adaptation of some Indian halophytes, PSII fluorescence techniques for measurement of drought and high temperature stress signal in crop plants: protocols and applications, salicylic acid: role in plant physiology & stress tolerance, salinity induced genes and molecular basis of salt tolerance mechanism in mangroves, reproductive stage abiotic stress tolerance in cereals, calorimetry and Raman spectrometry to study response of plant to biotic and abiotic stresses, molecular physiology of osmotic stress in plants and mechanisms, functions and toxicity of heavy metals stress in plants, submergence stress tolerance in plants and adoptive mechanism, Brassinosteroid modulated stress responses under temperature stress, stress tolerant in plants: a proteomics approach, Marker-assisted breeding for stress resistance in crop plants, DNA methylation associated epigenetic changes in stress tolerance of plants and role of calcium-mediated CBL-CIPK network in plant mineral nutrition & abiotic stress. Each chapter has been laid out with introduction, up-to-date literature, possible stress mechanism, and applications. Under abiotic stress, plant produces a large quantity of free radicals, which have been elaborated. We hope that this book will be of greater use for the post-graduate students, researchers, physiologist and biotechnologist to sustain the plant growth and development.

Plant Responses to Drought Stress

Plant Responses to Drought Stress
  • Author : Ricardo Aroca
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-12
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9783642326530
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview of the multiple strategies that plants have developed to cope with drought, one of the most severe environmental stresses. Experts in the field present 17 chapters, each of which focuses on a basic concept as well as the latest findings. The following major aspects are covered in the book: · Morphological and anatomical adaptations · Physiological responses · Biochemical and molecular responses · Ecophysiological responses · Responses to drought under field conditions The contributions will serve as an invaluable source of information for researchers and advanced students in the fields of plant sciences, agriculture, ecophysiology, biochemistry and molecular biology.

Improving Crop Resistance to Abiotic Stress

Improving Crop Resistance to Abiotic Stress
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :635
  • ISBN : 9783527328406
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Summary :

International Review of Cytology

International Review of Cytology
  • Author : Kwang W. Jeon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-04-24
  • Total pages :305
  • ISBN : 0080857043
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Summary : International Review of Cytology presents current advances and comprehensive reviews in cell biology-both plant and animal. Articles address structure and control of gene expression, nucleocytoplasmic interactions, control of cell development and differentiation, and cell transformation and growth. Authored by some of the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for future research.

Plant Aquaporins

Plant Aquaporins
  • Author : François Chaumont,Stephen D. Tyerman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-07
  • Total pages :353
  • ISBN : 9783319493954
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Summary : Aquaporins are channel proteins that facilitate the diffusion of water and small uncharged solutes across cellular membranes. Plant aquaporins form a large family of highly divergent proteins that are involved in many different physiological processes. This book will summarize the recent advances regarding plant aquaporins, their phylogeny, structure, substrate specificity, mechanisms of regulation and roles in various important physiological processes related to the control of water flow and small solute distribution at the cell, tissue and plant level in an ever-changing environment.