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Tumor Microenvironment Regulation of Tumor Expansion

Tumor Microenvironment Regulation of Tumor Expansion
  • Author : Domenico Ribatti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-04
  • Total pages :172
  • ISBN : 9780128228043
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Summary : Tumor Microenvironment Regulation of Tumor Expansion is a practical guide to understand and perform research on tumor microenvironments, and to support related clinical decisions. Tumor progression is linked to an imbalance between positive and negative regulators, and mainly depends on the release of specific growth factors by inflammatory or neoplastic cells. Inflammatory infiltrate contributes to tumor progression and the metastatic process, and there are many reports of associations between tumor inflammatory infiltrate, progression, and prognosis. Understanding different contexts of organs is a key factor in improving treatment outcome, especially in new therapeutic treatments targeting components of the tumor microenvironment. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians, graduate students, and scientists in many biomedical fields who are interested in the complex relationship between the tumor microenvironment and its context in specific organs. Provides a holistic approach to understanding the crucial role of the tumor microenvironment in tumor progression Encompasses the basic knowledge necessary to understand and undertake further studies related to tumor microenvironments Discusses new therapeutic approaches developed to control tumor progression by targeting different components of the tumor microenvironment

Stromal Cells

Stromal Cells
  • Author : Mani T. Valarmathi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-23
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9781789849844
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Summary : Stromal cells are connective tissue cells of any organ, and they support the function of the parenchymal cells of that particular organ. Stromal/stromal stem cells are fundamentally a heterogeneous population of cells with contradictory differentiation potential depending upon their environmental niche. Stromal cell biology is not only intriguing, but equally stromal cell ontogeny in vivo remains challenging. In recent years there has been substantial advances in our understanding of stromal cell biology, especially stromal cell isolation, characterization, differentiation, and interactions in physiological (epithelial-stromal interactions) as well as pathophysiological (stromal-cancer interactions) contexts. In addition, stromal cells are also utilized more and more as a therapeutic tool not only in the field of gene therapy but also in the translational field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Therefore, the goal of this book is to consolidate the recent advances in the area of stromal/stromal stem cell biology covering a broad range of interrelated topics in a timely fashion and to disseminate that knowledge in a lucid way to a greater scientific audience. This book will prove highly useful for students, researchers, and clinicians in stem cell biology, developmental biology, cancer biology, pathology, oncology, as well as tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This quick reference will benefit anyone desiring a thorough overview of stromal cell structure, function, and its therapeutic implications.

Tumor Immune Microenvironment in Cancer Progression and Cancer Therapy

Tumor Immune Microenvironment in Cancer Progression and Cancer Therapy
  • Author : Pawel Kalinski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-22
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9783319675770
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Summary : The tumor microenvironment has become a very important and hot topic in cancer research within the past few years. The tumor microenvironment is defined as the normal cells, molecules, and blood vessels that surround and feed a tumor cell. As many scientists have realized, studying the tumor microenvironment has become critical to moving the field forward, since there are many players in a tumor’s localized and surrounding area, which can significantly change cancer cell behavior. There is a dual relationship wherein the tumor can change its microenvironment and the microenvironment can affect how a tumor grows and spreads. Tumor Microenvironment in Cancer Progression and Cancer Therapy aims to shed light on the mechanisms, factors, and mediators that are involved in the cancer cell environment. Recent studies have demonstrated that in addition to promoting tumor progression and protecting tumor cells from the spontaneous immune-mediated rejection and different forms of cancer therapeutics, tumor microenvironment can also be a target and mediator of both standard and newly-emerging forms of cancer therapeutics. Thus, the dual role of the tumor microenvironment is the integral focus of the volume. The volume highlights the bi-directional interactions between tumor cells and non-malignant tumor component during tumor progression and treatment. It also focuses on the three groups of the reactive tumor component: stromal cells, blood vessels and the infiltrating immune cells. These three groups are discussed under the lens of their role in promoting tumor growth, shielding the tumor from rejection and from standard forms of cancer therapies. They are emerging as targets and mediators of standard and new forms of potential therapy.

Resistance to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

Resistance to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
  • Author : Daniele Focosi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-07
  • Total pages :188
  • ISBN : 9783319460918
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Summary : The volume will serve as a primer on tyrosine kinase signaling and its importance in cancer. The volume will first introduce the common denominators of small-molecule and antibody-derived inhibitors, as well as the general phenomenon of resistance. The volume will then detail resistance to the most commonly used classes of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and will focus specific chapters on resistance to BCR-ABL1, FLT3, angiokinase family members, and ALK inhibitors.

Tumor Progression and Therapeutic Resistance

Tumor Progression and Therapeutic Resistance
  • Author : Wafik S. El-Deiry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : UVA:X030000978
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Summary : This volume presents the entire breadth of translational cancer research and brings together members of academia and industry in the expectation of accelerating interactions and progress in the field. A variety of key topics are presented, beginning with discovery of molecular targets and pathways (oncogene, cell survival, tumor suppression, cell death), host-neoplasm interactions (cell adhesion, matrix proteases), early detection, monitoring progression, understanding tumor progression and metastasis, immune surveillance, in vivo molecular imaging, animal models, drug discovery including chemistry, high-throughput assays, mechanism determination, target validation, therapeutic window and some progress in clinical trials for more advanced agents and targets.

Tumor Microenvironment

Tumor Microenvironment
  • Author : Alexander Birbrair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-25
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9783030445188
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Summary : Revealing essential roles of the tumor microenvironment in cancer progression, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest research in the field. A variety of topics are covered, including metabolism in the tumor microenvironment, stellate cells and endothelial progenitors in the tumor microenvironment, as well as the effects of HIV, viral hepatitis, and inflammation in the tumor microenvironment, and more. Taken alongside its companion volumes, Tumor Microenvironment: State of the Science updates us on what we know about various aspects of the tumor microenvironment, as well as future directions. This book is essential reading for advanced cell biology and cancer biology students as well as researchers seeking an update on research in the tumor microenvironment.

Molecular Considerations and Evolving Surgical Management Issues in the Treatment of Patients with a Brain Tumor

Molecular Considerations and Evolving Surgical Management Issues in the Treatment of Patients with a Brain Tumor
  • Author : Terry Lichtor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-25
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9789535120315
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Summary : A dramatic increase in knowledge regarding the molecular biology of brain tumors has been established over the past few years. In particular, recent new avenues regarding the role of microRNAs along with further understanding of the importance of angiogenesis, immunotherapy and explanations for the resistance of the tumors to radiation therapy have been developed. A discussion of certain surgical management issues including improvements in imaging along with issues concerning tumor induced epilepsy is included. It is hopeful that this new information will lead to efficacious treatment strategies for these tumors which remain a challenge. In this book, a review of the latest information on these topics along with a variety of new therapeutic treatment strategies with an emphasis on molecular targeted therapies is provided.

Physics of Cancer

Physics of Cancer
  • Author : Claudia Mierke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-24
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 0750317515
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Summary : This revised second edition is improved linguistically with multiple increases of the number of figures and the inclusion of several novel chapters such as actin filaments during matrix invasion, microtubuli during migration and matrix invasion, nuclear deformability during migration and matrix invasion, and the active role of the tumor stroma in regulating cell invasion.

Tumor Microenvironment

Tumor Microenvironment
  • Author : Peter P. Lee,Francesco M. Marincola
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-25
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9783030388621
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Summary : This book addresses the biological processes relevant to the immune phenotypes of cancer and their significance for immune responsiveness, based on the premise that malignant cells manipulate their surroundings through an evolutionary process that is controlled by interactions with innate immune sensors as well as the adaptive recognition of self/non-self. Checkpoint inhibitor therapy is now an accepted new form of cancer treatment. Other immuno-oncology approaches, such as adoptive cell therapy and metabolic inhibitors, have also shown promising results for specific indications. Immune resistance is common, however, limiting the efficacy of immunotherapy in many common cancer types. The reasons for such resistance are diverse and peculiar to the immune landscapes of individual cancers, and to the treatment modality used. Accordingly, approaches to circumvent resistance need to take into account context-specific genetic, biological and environmental factors that may affect the cancer immune cycle, and which can best be understood by studying the target tissue and correlated systemic immune markers. Understanding the major requirements for the evolutionary process governing human cancer growth in the immune-competent host will guide effective therapeutic choices that are tailored to the biology of individual cancers.

Tumor Microenvironment

Tumor Microenvironment
  • Author : Alexander Birbrair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-06
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9783030355821
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Summary : Revealing essential roles of the tumor microenvironment in cancer progression, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest research on how different signaling pathways are important in the tumor microenvironment. Multiple signaling pathways are covered, including S1P, neuregulin, Notch, erythropoietin, Rho-ROCK, mTOR, and more. Taken alongside its companion volumes, these books update us on what we know about various aspects of the tumor microenvironment as well as future directions. Tumor Microenvironment: Signaling Pathways – Part A is essential reading for advanced cell biology and cancer biology students as well as researchers seeking an update on research in the tumor microenvironment.

The Tumor Microenvironment of High Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

The Tumor Microenvironment of High Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer
  • Author : M. Sharon Stack,Kenneth P. Nephew,Joanna E. Burdette,Anirban K. Mitra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-06
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9783038975540
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "The Tumor Microenvironment of High Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer" that was published in Cancers

Oncoimmunology

Oncoimmunology
  • Author : Laurence Zitvogel,Guido Kroemer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-13
  • Total pages :724
  • ISBN : 9783319624310
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Summary : In this book, leading experts in cancer immunotherapy join forces to provide a comprehensive guide that sets out the main principles of oncoimmunology and examines the latest advances and their implications for clinical practice, focusing in particular on drugs with FDA/EMA approvals and breakthrough status. The aim is to deliver a landmark educational tool that will serve as the definitive reference for MD and PhD students while also meeting the needs of established researchers and healthcare professionals. Immunotherapy-based approaches are now inducing long-lasting clinical responses across multiple histological types of neoplasia, in previously difficult-to-treat metastatic cancers. The future challenges for oncologists are to understand and exploit the cellular and molecular components of complex immune networks, to optimize combinatorial regimens, to avoid immune-related side effects, and to plan immunomonitoring studies for biomarker discovery. The editors hope that this book will guide future and established health professionals toward the effective application of cancer immunology and immunotherapy and contribute significantly to further progress in the field.

Anti-cancer Drugs

Anti-cancer Drugs
  • Author : Jasna Bankovic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-07
  • Total pages :196
  • ISBN : 9789535128137
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Summary : We are in constant search for new therapeutic options to cure cancer. In this book, you can find out how scientists throughout the world deal with this problem. Readers will learn how to engage nature, chemical synthesis, and cell machinery to design new anticancer agents. Nature has already been very generous in providing us different compounds which are in widespread application. Starting from these resources, various synthetic processes are applied to create synthetic drugs which can be then obtained in large quantities. Also, the cell by itself provides different possibilities to meet the constantly increasing requirements for successful therapy. Explore the book and find out what are the new ways to fight cancer.

Tumor Metastasis

Tumor Metastasis
  • Author : Ke Xu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-14
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9789535126300
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Summary :

Tumor Microenvironment

Tumor Microenvironment
  • Author : Alexander Birbrair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-08
  • Total pages :146
  • ISBN : 9783030357238
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Summary : Revealing essential roles of the tumor microenvironment in cancer progression, this book focuses on the role of hematopoietic components of the tumor microenvironment. Further, it teaches readers about the roles of distinct constituents of the tumor microenvironment and how they affect cancer development. Topics include neutrophils, basophils, T helper cells, cytotoxic lymphocytes, fibrocytes, and myeloid-derived suppressor cells, and more. Taken alongside its companion volumes, these books update us on what we know about various aspects of the tumor microenvironment as well as future directions. Tumor Microenvironment: Hematopoietic Cells – Part A is essential reading for advanced cell biology and cancer biology students as well as researchers seeking an update on research in the tumor microenvironment.

Tumor Microenvironment

Tumor Microenvironment
  • Author : Alexander Birbrair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-06
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9783030357276
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Summary : This volume discusses recent research advances in cancer biology, focusing on the role of the tumor microenvironment. Taken alongside its companion volumes, Tumor Microenvironment: Recent Advances covers the latest research on various aspects of the tumor microenvironment, as well as future directions. Useful for introducing the newer generation of researchers to the history of how scientists studied the tumor microenvironment as well as how this knowledge is currently applied for cancer treatments, it will be essential reading for advanced cell biology and cancer biology students, as well as researchers seeking an update on research on the tumor microenvironment.

Decellularized Extracellular Matrix

Decellularized Extracellular Matrix
  • Author : Takashi Hoshiba,Tetsuji Yamaoka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-05
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781788014670
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Summary : Takashi Hoshiba and Tetsuji Yamaoka have brought together, for the first time, leading contributors to provide a fundamental guide to the decellularized extracelluar matrix. Focussing on the sources of dECM, preparation, characterization and applications of dECM in regenerative medicine and biological systems, this is a must-have resource for those working in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering.

Immunopathology and Immunomodulation

Immunopathology and Immunomodulation
  • Author : Krassimir Metodiev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-18
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9789535122104
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Summary : This book is a continuation of the efforts of InTech to expand the scientific know-how in the field of immunopathology and bring valuable updated information to medical professionals and researchers. It consists of chapters related to various approaches to investigate the unique role of the immune system in response to different clinical disorders. The international team of authors is the bonus of the book, reflecting the rapid development of immunology and new achievements in medical science. We firmly hope that the book will be an excellent manual and guideline for people dealing with biology, microbiology, immunology, virology, pharmacology, general and dental medicine, and health care, from students and postdocs to high-level specialists and university professors.

The Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) in Cancer

The Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) in Cancer
  • Author : Joëlle Roche
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-09
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9783038427933
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "The Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) in Cancer" that was published in Cancers

Colon Cancer Cells

Colon Cancer Cells
  • Author : Mary Moyer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :572
  • ISBN : 9780323145633
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Summary : Colon Cancer Cells brings together fundamental research and clinically relevant issues in the cell biology of colon cancer. This book is composed of five parts encompassing 21 chapters that specifically describe the initiation and progression of colon cancer cells. After briefly dealing with the major issues in colorectal carcinoma, this book goes on presenting the in vitro and in vivo models of colon carcinogenesis. This topic is followed by a discussion on the history of the development and characterization of commonly used colon cancer cell lines. The following parts describe the biochemical and immunological features and hormones in the colon. These parts also consider the studies on human colon tumors xenografted into nude mice and the biology and treatment of colorectal cancer metastasis. Discussions on the application of human monoclonal antibodies to tumor detection; the expression of blood group-related carbohydrates by normal, premalignant, and malignant colonic tissues; and the correlation of antigen variability in colon carcinoma with certain diagnostic and prognostic parameters are also included in these parts. The concluding part examines various therapeutic strategies and their potential in improving patient management with advanced colon carcinoma. Researchers, clinicians, and students interested in the biology of colon cancer development and in gastrointestinal cell biology will find this book invaluable.

Metabolism in Cancer

Metabolism in Cancer
  • Author : Thorsten Cramer,Clemens A. Schmitt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-24
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9783319421186
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Summary : This textbook presents concise chapters written by internationally respected experts on various important aspects of cancer-associated metabolism, offering a comprehensive overview of the central features of this exciting research field. The discovery that tumor cells display characteristic alterations of metabolic pathways has significantly changed our understanding of cancer: while the first description of tumor-specific changes in cellular energetics was published more than 90 years ago, the causal significance of this observation for the pathogenesis of cancer was only discovered in the post-genome era. The first 10 years of the twenty-first century were characterized by rapid advances in our grasp of the functional role of cancer-specific metabolism as well as the underlying molecular pathways. Various unanticipated interrelations between metabolic alterations and cancer-driving pathways were identified and currently await translation into diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Yet the speed, quantity, and complexity of these new discoveries make it difficult for researchers to keep up to date with the latest developments, an issue this book helps to remedy.