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Twin Mythconceptions

Twin Mythconceptions
  • Author : Nancy L. Segal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-08
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9780128039953
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Summary : Twin Mythconceptions: False Beliefs, Fables, and Facts about Twins sheds new light on over 70 commonly held ideas and beliefs about the origins and development of identical and fraternal twins. Using the latest scientific findings from psychology, psychiatry, biology, and education, the book separates fact from fiction. Each idea about twins is described, followed by both a short answer about the truth, and then a longer, more detailed explanation. Coverage includes embryology of twins, twin types, intellectual growth, personality traits, sexual orientation of twins, marital relationships, epigenetic analyses, and more. Five appendices cover selected topics in greater depth, such as the frequency of different twin types and the varieties of polar body twin pairs. This book will inform and entertain behavioral and life science researchers, health professionals, twins, parents of twins, and anyone interested in the fascinating topic of twins. Identifies common misunderstandings about twins Provides scientific answers to questions about twins Encompasses the biology, psychology, genetics, and personality of twins Includes discussion of identical, fraternal same-sex, and fraternal opposite-sex twins Allows for quick answers to common questions and more detailed explanations

Accidental Brothers

Accidental Brothers
  • Author : Dr. Nancy L. Segal,Yesika S. Montoya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-17
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781250101914
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Summary : "A unique window into human behavior and development." —Steven Pinker The riveting story of two sets of identical twins separated at birth and improbably reunited as adults, a dream case for exploring nature and nurture. Accidental Brothers tells the unique story of two sets of identical Colombian twin brothers who discovered at age 25 that they were mistakenly raised as fraternal twins—when they were not even biological brothers. Due to an oversight that presumably occurred in the hospital nursery, one twin in each pair was switched with a twin in the other pair. The result was two sets of unrelated “fraternal” twins—Jorge and Carlos, who were raised in the lively city of Bogotá; and William and Wilber, who were raised in the remote rural village of La Paz, 150 miles away. Their parents and siblings were aware of the enormous physical and behavioral differences between the members of each set, but never doubted that the two belonged in their biological families. Everyone’s life unraveled when one of the twins—William—was mistaken by a young woman for his real identical twin, Jorge. Her “discovery” led to the truth—that the alleged twins were not twins at all, but rather unrelated individuals who ended up with the wrong families. Blending great science and human interest, Accidental Brothers by Nancy L. Segal and Yesika S. Montoya will inform and entertain anyone interested in how twin studies illuminate the origins of human behavior, as well as mother-infant identification and the chance events that can have profound consequences on our lives.

The Spectacle of Twins in American Literature and Popular Culture

The Spectacle of Twins in American Literature and Popular Culture
  • Author : Karen Dillon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-26
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 9781476633862
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Summary : The cultural fantasy of twins imagines them as physically and behaviorally identical. Media portrayals consistently offer the spectacle of twins who share an insular closeness and perform a supposed alikeness—standing side by side, speaking and acting in unison. Treating twinship as a cultural phenomenon, this first comprehensive study of twins in American literature and popular culture examines the historical narrative—within the discourses of experimentation, aberrance and eugenics—and how it has shaped their representations in the 20th and 21st centuries.

Literary Twinship from Shakespeare to the Age of Cloning

Literary Twinship from Shakespeare to the Age of Cloning
  • Author : Wieland Schwanebeck
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-04
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9781000032734
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Summary : Unlike previous efforts that have only addressed literary twinship as a footnote to the doppelganger motif, this book makes a case for the complexity of literary twinship across the literary spectrum. It shows how twins have been instrumental to the formation of comedies of mistaken identity, the detective genre, and dystopian science fiction. The individual chapters trace the development of the category of twinship over time, demonstrating how the twin was repeatedly (re-)invented as a cultural and pathological type when other discursive fields constituted themselves, and how its literary treatment served as the battleground for ideological disputes: by setting the stage for debates regarding kinship and reproduction, or by partaking in discussions of criminality, eugenic greatness, and ‘monstrous births’. The book addresses nearly 100 primary texts, including works of Mary Elizabeth Braddon, Wilkie Collins, Charles Dickens, Arthur Conan Doyle, Aldous Huxley, Christopher Priest, William Shakespeare, and Zadie Smith.

Indivisible by Two

Indivisible by Two
  • Author : Nancy L. Segal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 0674019334
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Summary : The joys and real-life traumas of twelve remarkable sets of twins, triplets, and quintuplets are revealed in this collection of stories that are a reminder of how incompletely any theory explains real life.

Multiple Pregnancy

Multiple Pregnancy
  • Author : Julio Elito Jr.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-30
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9781789850796
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Summary : Multiple Pregnancy - New Challenges is a comprehensive book, written in an organized and concise format. The book offers an immersion into multiple pregnancy. Each chapter presents the reader with various important issues related to the subject matter. The book covers all spectrums of multiple pregnancy such as epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, prenatal care, unique complications in monochorionic pregnancies, preterm birth and mode of delivery. Through its 10 chapters the book contemplates the most relevant aspects of multiple pregnancy. Authors from all over the world have contributed to this book, bringing the best from their research experiences. The book give the reader a state-of-the-art update of multiple pregnancy.

Born Together—Reared Apart

Born Together—Reared Apart
  • Author : Nancy L. Segal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-18
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780674065154
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Summary : The Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart startled scientists by demonstrating that twins reared apart are as alike, across a number of personality traits and other measures, as those raised together, suggesting that genetic influence is pervasive. Segal offers an overview of the study’s scientific contributions and effect on public consciousness.

New Understandings of Twin Relationships

New Understandings of Twin Relationships
  • Author : Barbara Klein,Stephen A. Hart,Jacqueline M. Martinez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-24
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781000287547
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Summary : New Understandings of Twin Relationships takes an experience-based approach to exploring how twin attachment and estrangement are critical to understanding the push and pull of closely entwined personal relationships. Based on the research expertise of each of the authors (all identical twins in their own right), and vignettes from twins across the globe, this book describes the inner workings of the twin-world, showing how the twin-world creates experiences that are often more intense and intricately textured than those in the singleton-world. Chapters debunk myths surrounding twinship and analyze the developmental stages of the twin relationship as well as the effect of being a twin on one’s mental health from different perspectives. The authors articulate how attachment, separation anxiety, loneliness, estrangement, and the subjective experience of the twin and non-twin "other" impact behavior, thinking, and feeling. Through its careful study of the many psychological challenges that twins face throughout their lifetime, this text will help psychologists, scholars, clinicians, and twins themselves attain a deeper understanding of all interpersonal relationships.

Entwined Lives

Entwined Lives
  • Author : Nancy L. Segal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 0525944656
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Summary : A groundbreaking study of twins brings together the latest scientific research and case studies to explore the complexities of human behavior and development as it examines such topics as twins separated at birth, pseudotwins, the loss of a twin, the implications of new fertility drugs, and more. 10,000 first printing. Tour.

Someone Else's Twin

Someone Else's Twin
  • Author : Nancy L. Segal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-19
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : 9781616144388
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Summary : The combination of a riveting true story and cutting-edge twin research makes this book an irresistible page-turner. Identical twins Begoña and Delia were born thirty-eight years ago in Spain’s Canary Islands. Due to chaotic conditions at the hospital or simple human error, the unthinkable happened: Delia was unintentionally switched with another infant in the baby nursery. This fascinating story describes in vivid detail the consequences of this unintentional separation of identical twin sisters. The author considers not only the effects on these particular sisters, but the important implications of this and similar cases for questions concerning identity, familial bonds, nature-nurture, and the law.

Developmental and Fetal Origins of Differences in Monozygotic Twins

Developmental and Fetal Origins of Differences in Monozygotic Twins
  • Author : Alexandra Matias,Isaac Blickstein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-15
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9780128203071
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Summary : Developmental and Fetal Origins of Differences in Monozygotic Twins: From Genetics to Environmental Factors examines the major causes of discordance in monozygotic twins, from genetic, to environmental influences, including discussions on the genetic, epigenetic, fetal and environmental factors. Twin differences discussed include malformations, deformations and disruptions secondary to inequitable division of the early embryo, chromosome and single gene mosaicism, Nonrandom X chromosome inactivation, mitochondrial heteroplasmy, epigenetic variation, and variable and inequitable blood supply, among other influences. Differences in hemoglobin levels, placentation and amniotic fluid are also examined, while full color images illustrate discordant anomalies and twin differences throughout. Examines the major causes of discordance in monozygotic twins and their relevance for future studies and clinical management Discusses NIPT in MZ twins, twin imaging during fetal development, blood tests and forensic analysis Features contributions from international experts in twin genetics and developmental biology

Parent Like a Triplet

Parent Like a Triplet
  • Author : Kari Ertresvåg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-12
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 8230344612
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Summary : If you're wondering what it feels like to grow up and be a twin or a triplet then this is the book for you. With humour and honesty, identical triplet Kari Ertresvåg lays bare what it feels like to grow up as a twin or a triplet to jump-start reflections for parents and ultimately make life easier for twins and triplets.

Twins in Session

Twins in Session
  • Author : Joan A. Friedman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-05
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 0989346455
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Summary :

My Twin Vanished: Did Yours?

My Twin Vanished: Did Yours?
  • Author : Brent H. Babcock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-07-07
  • Total pages :163
  • ISBN : 1606966375
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Summary : The deepest imprinting for the personality of a human develops in the womb. It is a little-known fact that one out of eight single births began as twins. Saddled with the loss of this ultimate relationship even before birth, tens of millions of Americans have gone in search of that relationship. In their searches, they become lost in dysfunctional cycles of addiction, abuse, sickness, mental illness, or suicide, without even knowing why. In "My Twin Vanished," Dr. Brent Babcock shows that these painful and dysfunctional patterns can be traced back to the phenomenon of the vanished twin. This life-altering book connects the dots to life's questions for those who have been seeking answers without relief. Doctors, nurses, clergy, and counselors will find new understanding and answers in "My Twin Vanished," as will all who unknowingly are surviving twins.

Sacred Bovines

Sacred Bovines
  • Author : Douglas Allchin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780190490362
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Summary : This book is a collection of short essays, each challenging a commonplace assumption about biology - playfully dubbed "Sacred Bovines." The essays aim to be both provocative and entertaining. They highlight amusing ironies and fascinating details, such as organisms that blur the distinction ofmale and female, tool use and language among non-humans, errors made by Charles Darwin or Nobel Prize winners, and how research on cells was enriched by a Marxist perspective. As an ensemble, the essays aim to deepen an understanding of how science works, including its cultural contexts. The 28pieces are arranged in 7 thematic sections, focusing on such topics as error in science, "myth-conceptions" of scientists, cultural bias in scientific concepts, the challenge of expertise and "what counts as science" in society, and science and values. While all the essays focus on cases in biology, most of the lessons are more general, and valuable for any citizen who reflects on science in society. A final Epilogue profiles the value of the style of thinking exemplified throughout the book - namely, the light-hearted challenging of assumptionsas a source of creative insight. An additional "Afterword for Teachers" highlights how the essays can foster learning about the nature of science and describes some practical classroom strategies.

How the Brain Lost Its Mind

How the Brain Lost Its Mind
  • Author : Allan H. Ropper,Brian Burrell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-20
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780735214576
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Summary : A noted neurologist challenges the widespread misunderstanding of brain disease and mental illness. How the Brain Lost Its Mind tells the rich and compelling story of two confounding ailments, syphilis and hysteria, and the extraordinary efforts to confront their effects on mental life. How does the mind work? Where does madness lie, in the brain or in the mind? How should it be treated? Throughout the nineteenth century, syphilis--a disease of mad poets, musicians, and artists--swept through the highest and lowest rungs of European society like a plague. Known as "the Great Imitator," it could produce almost any form of mental or physical illness, and it would bring down a host of famous and infamous characters--among them Guy de Maupassant, Vincent van Gogh, the Marquis de Sade, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Al Capone. It was the first truly psychiatric disease and it filled asylums to overflowing. At the same time, an outbreak of bizarre behaviors resembling epilepsy, but with no identifiable source in the body, strained the diagnostic skills of the great neurologists. It was referred to as hysteria. For more than a century, neurosyphilis stood out as the archetype of a brain-based mental illness, fully understood but largely forgotten, and today far from gone. Hysteria, under many different names, remains unexplained and epidemic. These two conditions stand at opposite poles of the current debate over the role of the brain in mental illness. Hysteria led Freud to insert sex into psychology. Neurosyphilis led to the proliferation of mental institutions. The problem of managing the inmates led to the abuse of lobotomy and electroshock therapy, and ultimately the overuse of psychotropic drugs. Today we know that syphilitic madness was a destructive disease of the brain while hysteria and, more broadly, many varieties of mental illness reside solely in the mind. Or do they? Afflictions once written off as "hysterical" continue to elude explanation. Addiction, alcoholism, autism, ADHD, Tourette syndrome, depression, and sociopathy, though regarded as brain-based, have not been proven to be so. In these pages, the authors raise a host of philosophical and practical questions. What is the difference between a sick mind and a sick brain? If we understood everything about the brain, would we understand ourselves? By delving into an overlooked history, this book shows how neuroscience and brain scans alone cannot account for a robust mental life, or a deeply disturbed one.

Uniting Psychology and Biology

Uniting Psychology and Biology
  • Author : Nancy L. Segal,Glenn Weisfeld,Carol Cronin Weisfeld
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 155798428X
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Summary : This volume of essays in honour of Daniel G. Freedman provides an overview of holistic studies of human behaviour. Freedman's pioneering ethological analyses encouraged naturalistic studies of evolved bases of behaviour. His comparative view of behaviour helped prepare the way for much of the current cross-cultural research.

Film, Comedy, and Disability

Film, Comedy, and Disability
  • Author : Alison Wilde
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-09
  • Total pages :196
  • ISBN : 9781317135241
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Summary : Comedy and humour have frequently played a key role in disabled people’s lives, for better or for worse. Comedy has also played a crucial part in constructing cultural representations of disability and impairments, contributing to the formation and maintenance of cultural attitudes towards disabled people, and potentially shaping disabled people’s images of themselves. As a complex and often polysemic form of communication, there is a need for greater understanding of the way we make meanings from comedy. This is the first book which explores the specific role of comedic film genres in representations of disability and impairment. Wilde argues that there is a need to explore different ways to synthesise Critical/Disability Studies with Film Studies approaches, and that a better understanding of genre conventions is necessary if we are to understand the conditions of possibility for new representational forms and challenges to ableism. After a discussion of the possibilities of a ‘fusion’ between Disability Studies and Film Studies, and a consideration of the relationships of comedy to disability, Wilde undertakes analysis of contemporary films from the romantic comedy, satire, and gross-out genres. Analysis is focused upon the place of disabled and non-disabled people in particular films, considering visual, audio, and narrative dimensions of representation and the ways they might shape the expectations of film audiences. This book is of particular value to those in Film and Media Studies, and Critical/Disability Studies, especially for those who are investigating more inclusive practices in cultural representation.

Evolutionary Perspectives on Death

Evolutionary Perspectives on Death
  • Author : Todd K. Shackelford,Virgil Zeigler-Hill
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-21
  • Total pages :205
  • ISBN : 9783030254667
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Summary : The latest volume in this multidisciplinary series on key topics in evolutionary studies, Evolutionary Perspectives on Death provides an evolutionary analysis of mortality and the consideration of death. Bringing together noted experts from a variety of fields, the books emanate from conferences held at Oakland University, and are dedicated to providing wide ranging and occasionally provocative views of human evolution. The volume on death covers topics from biology, anthropology, psychology, sociology and philosophy, with contributors addressing how evolution informs the process of comprehending, grieving, depicting, celebrating, and accepting death. Among the topics covered: Evolutionary perspectives on the loss of a twin Nonhuman primate responses to death Death in literature Witnessing and representing the death of pets The role of human decomposition facilities in shaping American perspectives on death This insightful volume showcases groundbreaking empirical and theoretical research addressing death and mortality from an evolutionary perspective, demonstrating the intellectual value of an interdisciplinary approach to understanding psychological processes and behavior. Chapter 6 of this book is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.

Sustainable Energy--without the Hot Air

Sustainable Energy--without the Hot Air
  • Author : David J. C. MacKay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 0954452933
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Summary : Provides an overview of the sustainable energy crisis that is threatening the world's natural resources, explaining how energy consumption is estimated and how those numbers have been skewed by various factors and discussing alternate forms of energy that can and should be used.

Liquid Life

Liquid Life
  • Author : Rachel Armstrong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 1950192180
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Summary : If we lived in a liquid world, the concept of a "machine" would make no sense. Liquid life is metaphor and apparatus that discusses the consequences of thinking, working, and living through liquids. It is an irreducible, paradoxical, parallel, planetary-scale material condition, unevenly distributed spatially, but temporally continuous. It is what remains when logical explanations can no longer account for the experiences that we recognize as part of "being alive."Liquid Life references a third-millennial understanding of matter that seeks to restore the agency of the liquid soul for an ecological era, which has been banished by reductionist, "brute" materialist discourses and mechanical models of life. Offering an alternative worldview of the living realm through a "new materialist" and "liquid" study of matter, Armstrong conjures forth examples of creatures that do not obey mechanistic concepts like predictability, efficiency, and rationality. With the advent of molecular science, an increasingly persuasive ontology of liquid technologies can be identified. Through the lens of lifelike dynamic droplets, the agency for these systems exists at the interfaces between different fields of matter/energy that respond to highly local effects, with no need for a central organizing system.Liquid Life seeks an alternative partnership between humanity and the natural world. It provokes a re-invention of the languages of the living realm to open up alternative spaces for exploration, including contributor Rolf Hughes' "angelology" of language, which explores the transformative invocations of prose poetry, and Simone Ferracina's graphical notations that help shape our concepts of metabolism, upcycling, and designing with fluids. A conceptual and practical toolset for thinking and designing, liquid life reunites us with the irreducible "soul substance" of living things, which will neither be simply "solved," nor go away.