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Underneath the Bragg Peaks

Underneath the Bragg Peaks
  • Author : Takeshi Egami,S. J. L. Billinge
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9780080426983
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Summary : This book describes a technique of structural study, the atomic-pair distribution function analysis. This is a relatively new technique, with a strong promise of wide application in the study of the local structure of crystalline materials and materials science in general.

A Journey into Reciprocal Space

A Journey into Reciprocal Space
  • Author : A.M. Glazer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-16
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9781681746227
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Summary : The concept of reciprocal space is over 100 years old, and has been of particular use by crystallographers in order to understand the patterns of spots when x-rays are diffracted by crystals. However, it has a much more general use, especially in the physics of the solid state. In order to understand what it is, how to construct it and how to make use of it, it is first necessary to start with the so-called real or direct space and then show how reciprocal space is related to it. Real space describes the objects we see around us, especially with regards to crystals, their physical shapes and symmetries and the arrangements of atoms within: the so-called crystal structure. Reciprocal space on the other hand deals with the crystals as seen through their diffraction images. Indeed, crystallographers are accustomed to working backwards from the diffraction images to the crystal structures, which we call crystal structure solution. In solid state physics, one usually works the other way, starting with reciprocal space to explain various solid-state properties, such as thermal and electrical phenomena. In this book, I start with the crystallographer's point of view of real and reciprocal space and then proceed to develop this in a form suitable for physics applications. Note that while for the crystallographer reciprocal space is a handy means of dealing with diffraction, for the solid-state physicist it is thought of as a way to describe the formation and motion of waves, in which case the physicist thinks of reciprocal space in terms of momentum or wave-vector k-space. This is because, for periodic structures, a characteristic of normal crystals, elementary quantum excitations, e.g. phonons and electrons, can be described both as particles and waves. The treatment given here, will be by necessity brief, but I would hope that this will suffice to lead the reader to build upon the concepts described. I have tried to write this book in a suitable form for both undergraduate and graduate students of what today we call "condensed matter physics."

Local Structure from Diffraction

Local Structure from Diffraction
  • Author : S.J.L. Billinge,M.F. Thorpe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-04-11
  • Total pages :399
  • ISBN : 9780306470776
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Summary : This series of books, which is published at the rate of about one per year, addresses fundamental problems in materials science. The contents cover a broad range of topics from small clusters of atoms to engineering materials and involve chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, with length scales ranging from Ångstroms up to millimeters. The emphasis is on basic science rather than on applications. Each book focuses on a single area of current interest and brings together leading experts to give an up-to-date discussion of their work and the work of others. Each article contains enough references that the interested reader can access the relevant literature. Thanks are given to the Center for Fundamental Materials Research at Michigan State University for supporting this series. M.F. Thorpe, Series Editor E-mail: thorpe @ pa.msu.edu East Lansing, Michigan PREFACE One of the most challenging problems in the study of structure is to characterize the atomic short-range order in materials. Long-range order can be determined with a high degree of accuracy by analyzing Bragg peak positions and intensities in data from single crystals or powders. However, information about short-range order is contained in the diffuse scattering intensity. This is difficult to analyze because it is low in absolute intensity (though the integrated intensity may be significant) and widely spread in reciprocal space.

X-Ray Diffraction

X-Ray Diffraction
  • Author : A. Guinier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-17
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9780486141343
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Summary : Exploration of fundamentals of x-ray diffraction theory using Fourier transforms applies general results to various atomic structures, amorphous bodies, crystals, and imperfect crystals. 154 illustrations. 1963 edition.

Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction and Structural Characterization of Materials, Second Edition

Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction and Structural Characterization of Materials, Second Edition
  • Author : Vitalij Pecharsky,Peter Zavalij
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-11-24
  • Total pages :744
  • ISBN : 9780387095790
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Summary : A little over ?ve years have passed since the ?rst edition of this book appeared in print. Seems like an instant but also eternity, especially considering numerous developments in the hardware and software that have made it from the laboratory test beds into the real world of powder diffraction. This prompted a revision, which had to be beyond cosmetic limits. The book was, and remains focused on standard laboratory powder diffractometry. It is still meant to be used as a text for teaching students about the capabilities and limitations of the powder diffraction method. We also hope that it goes beyond a simple text, and therefore, is useful as a reference to practitioners of the technique. The original book had seven long chapters that may have made its use as a text - convenient. So the second edition is broken down into 25 shorter chapters. The ?rst ?fteen are concerned with the fundamentals of powder diffraction, which makes it much more logical, considering a typical 16-week long semester. The last ten ch- ters are concerned with practical examples of structure solution and re?nement, which were preserved from the ?rst edition and expanded by another example – R solving the crystal structure of Tylenol .

Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations

Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations
  • Author : Reinhard B. Neder,Thomas Proffen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-11-20
  • Total pages :228
  • ISBN : 9780199233694
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Summary : Understanding the atomic structure of complex and time disordered materials relies upon computer simulations of these structures. This cook book provides a unique mixture of simulation know-how and hands on examples. All related files and the program DISCUS are included on a CDROM with the book.

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations
  • Author : Srikumar Banerjee,Pradip Mukhopadhyay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-31
  • Total pages :840
  • ISBN : 0080548792
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Summary : The terms phase transitions and phase transformations are often used in an interchangeable manner in the metallurgical literature. In Phase Transformations, transformations driven by pressure changes, radiation and deformation and those occurring in nanoscale multilayers are brought to the fore. Order-disorder transformations, many of which constitute very good examples of continuous transformations, are dealt with in a comprehensive manner. Almost all types of phase transformations and reactions that are commonly encountered in inorganic materials are covered and the underlying thermodynamic, kinetic and crystallographic aspects elucidated. Shows readers the advancements in the field - due to enhanced computing power and superior experimental capability Drawing upon the background and the research experience of the authors, bringing together a wealth of experience Written essentially from a physical metallurgists view point

Quantitative Structure Determination of Nanostructured Materials Using the Atomic Pair Distribution Function Analysis

Quantitative Structure Determination of Nanostructured Materials Using the Atomic Pair Distribution Function Analysis
  • Author : Ahmad Salah Masadeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : MSU:31293029566290
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Summary :

X-Ray and Neutron Reflectivity: Principles and Applications

X-Ray and Neutron Reflectivity: Principles and Applications
  • Author : Jean Daillant,Alain Gibaud
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-07-01
  • Total pages :331
  • ISBN : 9783540486961
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Summary : The reflection of and neutrons from surfaces has existed as an x-rays exp- imental for almost it is in the last technique fifty Nevertheless, only years. decade that these methods have become as of enormously popular probes This the surfaces and interfaces. to be due to of several appears convergence of intense different circumstances. These include the more n- availability be measured orders tron and sources that can over (so reflectivity x-ray many of and the much weaker surface diffuse can now also be magnitude scattering of thin films and studied in some the detail); growing importance multil- basic the realization of the ers in both and technology research; important which in the of surfaces and and role roughness plays properties interfaces; the of statistical models to characterize the of finally development topology its and its characterization from on roughness, dependence growth processes The of and to surface scattering experiments. ability x-rays neutro4s study four five orders of in scale of surfaces over to magnitude length regardless their and also their to ability probe environment, temperature, pressure, etc. , makes these the choice for buried interfaces often probes preferred obtaining information about the microstructure of often in statistical a global surfaces, the local This is manner to complementary imaging microscopy techniques, of such studies in the literature witnessed the veritable by explosion published the last few Thus these lectures will useful for over a resource years.

Rietveld Refinement in the Characterization of Crystalline Materials

Rietveld Refinement in the Characterization of Crystalline Materials
  • Author : Igor Djerdj
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-28
  • Total pages :88
  • ISBN : 9783038975274
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Rietveld Refinement in the Characterization of Crystalline Materials" that was published in Crystals

Local Structure Study of New Thermoelectric Materials

Local Structure Study of New Thermoelectric Materials
  • Author : He Lin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :196
  • ISBN : MSU:31293028456311
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Advanced Techniques for Surface Engineering

Advanced Techniques for Surface Engineering
  • Author : W. Gissler,H.A. Jehn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-10-31
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : 0792320069
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Summary : The hardest requirements on a material are in general imposed at the surface: it has to be wear resistant for tools and bearings; corrosion resistant for turbine blades; antireflecting for solar cells; and it must combine several of these properties in other applications. `Surface engineering' is the general term that incorporates all the techniques by which a surface modification can be accomplished. These techniques include both the more traditional methods, such as nitriding, boriding and carburizing, and the newer ones, such as ion implantation, laser beam melting and, in particular, coating. This book comprises and compares in a unique way all these techniques of surface engineering. It is a compilation of lectures which were held by renowned scientists and engineers in the frame of the well known `EuroCourses' of the Joint Research Centre of the Commission of the European Communities. The book is principally addressed to material and surface scientists, physicists and chemists, engineers and technicians of industries and institutes where surface engineering problems arise.

The Role of the Local Structure in Electronic Properties of Various Materials

The Role of the Local Structure in Electronic Properties of Various Materials
  • Author : Hyunjeong Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : MSU:31293029563156
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Summary :

X-ray Free Electron Lasers

X-ray Free Electron Lasers
  • Author : Petra Fromme,Sebastien Boutet,Mark Hunter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-22
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 303000550X
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Summary : The timely volume describes recent discoveries and method developments that have revolutionized Structural Biology with the advent of X-ray Free Electron Lasers. It provides, for the first time, a comprehensive examination of this cutting-edge technology. It discusses of-the-moment topics such as growth and detection of nanocrystals, Sample Delivery Techniques for serial femtosecond crystallography, data collection methods at XFELs, and more. This book aims to provide the readers with an overview of the new methods that have been recently developed as well as a prospective on new methods under development. It highlights the most important and novel Structural Discoveries made recently with XFELS, contextualized with a big-picture discussion of future developments.

Powder Diffraction

Powder Diffraction
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 142231832X
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X-ray Diffraction

X-ray Diffraction
  • Author : Leonid V. Azároff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1974
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : MINN:319510005666355
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Summary :

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Cement-Based Materials

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Cement-Based Materials
  • Author : Pierre Colombet,Arnd-Rüdiger Grimmer,Helene Zanni,Piero Sozzani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9783642804328
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Summary : NMR spectroscopy has become one of the most powerful methods for the study of the structure and dynamics of solid-state materials. NMR has thus become an important tool, not only in the study of existent cements, but also in the development of new cement-based materials. This volume, based on the proceedings of the second international conference on the NMR Spectroscopy of Cement Based Materials held in Bergamo, Italy, in June 1996, presents the only international overview of the state of the art in the use of NMR in the study of cement-based materials. - This book is of particular interest to all those working in the areas of cement science, material science, solid state chemsitry, analytical chemistry, spectroscopy and those areas of physics engaged in the study of materials.

Surface and Thin Film Analysis

Surface and Thin Film Analysis
  • Author : Gernot Friedbacher,Henning Bubert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-31
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 9783527636945
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Summary : Surveying and comparing all techniques relevant for practical applications in surface and thin film analysis, this second edition of a bestseller is a vital guide to this hot topic in nano- and surface technology. This new book has been revised and updated and is divided into four parts - electron, ion, and photon detection, as well as scanning probe microscopy. New chapters have been added to cover such techniques as SNOM, FIM, atom probe (AP),and sum frequency generation (SFG). Appendices with a summary and comparison of techniques and a list of equipment suppliers make this book a rapid reference for materials scientists, analytical chemists, and those working in the biotechnological industry. From a Review of the First Edition (edited by Bubert and Jenett) "... a useful resource..." (Journal of the American Chemical Society)

Understanding Earth Observation

Understanding Earth Observation
  • Author : Domenico Solimini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :703
  • ISBN : 9783319256337
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Summary : This volume addresses the physical foundation of remote sensing. The basic grounds are presented in close association with the kinds of environmental targets to monitor and with the observing techniques. The book aims at plugging the quite large gap between the thorough and quantitative description of electromagnetic waves interacting with the Earth's environment and the user applications of Earth observation. It is intended for scientifically literate students and professionals who plan to gain a first understanding of remote sensing data and of their information content.

Advanced Synchrotron Radiation Techniques for Nanostructured Materials

Advanced Synchrotron Radiation Techniques for Nanostructured Materials
  • Author : Chiara Battocchio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-29
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9783039216802
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Summary : Nanostructured materials exploit physical phenomena and mechanisms that cannot be derived by simply scaling down the associated bulk structures and phenomena; furthermore, new quantum effects come into play in nanosystems. The exploitation of these emerging nanoscale interactions prompts the innovative design of nanomaterials. Understanding the behavior of materials on all length scales—from the nanostructure up to the macroscopic response—is a critical challenge for materials science. Modern analytical technologies based on synchrotron radiation (SR) allow for the non-destructive investigation of the chemical, electronic, and magnetic structure of materials in any environment. SR facilities have developed revolutionary new ideas and experimental setups for characterizing nanomaterials, involving spectroscopy, diffraction, scatterings, microscopy, tomography, and all kinds of highly sophisticated combinations of such investigation techniques. This book is a collection of contributions addressing several aspects of synchrotron radiation as applied to the investigation of chemical, electronic, and magnetic structure of nanostructured materials. The results reported here provide not only an interesting and multidisciplinary overview of the chemicophysical investigations of nanostructured materials carried out by state-of-the-art SR-induced techniques, but also an exciting glance into the future perspectives of nanomaterial characterization methods.

Local Structure of GexSe1−x Glasses Around the Rigidity Percolation Threshold Using Atomic Pair Distribution Function and X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Techniques

Local Structure of GexSe1−x Glasses Around the Rigidity Percolation Threshold Using Atomic Pair Distribution Function and X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Techniques
  • Author : Moneeb Taiseer Shatnawi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : MSU:31293029560558
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Summary :