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Understanding Complex Ecosystem Dynamics

Understanding Complex Ecosystem Dynamics
  • Author : William S. Yackinous
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-03
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9780128020630
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Summary : Understanding Complex Ecosystem Dynamics: A Systems and Engineering Perspective takes a fresh, interdisciplinary perspective on complex system dynamics, beginning with a discussion of relevant systems and engineering skills and practices, including an explanation of the systems approach and its major elements. From this perspective, the author formulates an ecosystem dynamics functionality-based framework to guide ecological investigations. Next, because complex system theory (across many subject matter areas) is crucial to the work of this book, relevant network theory, nonlinear dynamics theory, cellular automata theory, and roughness (fractal) theory is covered in some detail. This material serves as an important resource as the book proceeds. In the context of all of the foregoing discussion and investigation, a view of the characteristics of ecological network dynamics is constructed. This view, in turn, is the basis for the central hypothesis of the book, i.e., ecological networks are ever-changing networks with propagation dynamics that are punctuated, local-to-global, and perhaps most importantly fractal. To analyze and fully test this hypothesis, an innovative ecological network dynamics model is defined, designed, and developed. The modeling approach, which seeks to emulate features of real-world ecological networks, does not make a priori assumptions about ecological network dynamics, but rather lets the dynamics develop as the model simulation runs. Model analysis results corroborate the central hypothesis. Additional important insights and principles are suggested by the model analysis results and by the other supporting investigations of this book – and can serve as a basis for going-forward complex system dynamics research, not only for ecological systems but for complex systems in general. Provides a fresh interdisciplinary perspective, offers a broad integrated development, and contains many new ideas Clearly explains the elements of the systems approach and applies them throughout the book Takes on the challenging and open issues of complex system network dynamics Develops and utilizes a new, innovative ecosystem dynamics modeling approach Contains over 135 graphic illustrations to help the reader visualize and understand important concepts

Modelling Complex Ecological Dynamics

Modelling Complex Ecological Dynamics
  • Author : Fred Jopp,Hauke Reuter,Broder Breckling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-02-11
  • Total pages :397
  • ISBN : 3642050298
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Summary : Model development is of vital importance for understanding and management of ecological processes. Identifying the complex relationships between ecological patterns and processes is a crucial task. Ecological modelling—both qualitatively and quantitatively—plays a vital role in analysing ecological phenomena and for ecological theory. This textbook provides a unique overview of modelling approaches. Representing the state-of-the-art in modern ecology, it shows how to construct and work with various different model types. It introduces the background of each approach and its application in ecology. Differential equations, matrix approaches, individual-based models and many other relevant modelling techniques are explained and demonstrated with their use. The authors provide links to software tools and course materials. With chapters written by leading specialists, “Modelling Complex Ecological Dynamics” is an essential contribution to expand the qualification of students, teachers and scientists alike.

New Models for Ecosystem Dynamics and Restoration

New Models for Ecosystem Dynamics and Restoration
  • Author : Richard J. Hobbs,Katharine N. Suding,Peter Society for Ecological Restoration International
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-19
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 1610911385
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Summary : As scientific understanding about ecological processes has grown, the idea that ecosystem dynamics are complex, nonlinear, and often unpredictable has gained prominence. Of particular importance is the idea that rather than following an inevitable progression toward an ultimate endpoint, some ecosystems may occur in a number of states depending on past and present ecological conditions. The emerging idea of “restoration thresholds” also enables scientists to recognize when ecological systems are likely to recover on their own and when active restoration efforts are needed. Conceptual models based on alternative stable states and restoration thresholds can help inform restoration efforts. New Models for Ecosystem Dynamics and Restoration brings together leading experts from around the world to explore how conceptual models of ecosystem dynamics can be applied to the recovery of degraded systems and how recent advances in our understanding of ecosystem and landscape dynamics can be translated into conceptual and practical frameworks for restoration. In the first part of the book, background chapters present and discuss the basic concepts and models and explore the implications of new scientific research on restoration practice. The second part considers the dynamics and restoration of different ecosystems, ranging from arid lands to grasslands, woodlands, and savannahs, to forests and wetlands, to production landscapes. A summary chapter by the editors discusses the implications of theory and practice of the ideas described in preceding chapters. New Models for Ecosystem Dynamics and Restoration aims to widen the scope and increase the application of threshold models by critiquing their application in a wide range of ecosystem types. It will also help scientists and restorationists correctly diagnose ecosystem damage, identify restoration thresholds, and develop corrective methodologies that can overcome such thresholds.

Self-Organization in Complex Ecosystems. (MPB-42)

Self-Organization in Complex Ecosystems. (MPB-42)
  • Author : Ricard Solé,Jordi Bascompte
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-06
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781400842933
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Summary : Can physics be an appropriate framework for the understanding of ecological science? Most ecologists would probably agree that there is little relation between the complexity of natural ecosystems and the simplicity of any example derived from Newtonian physics. Though ecologists have long been interested in concepts originally developed by statistical physicists and later applied to explain everything from why stock markets crash to why rivers develop particular branching patterns, applying such concepts to ecosystems has remained a challenge. Self-Organization in Complex Ecosystems is the first book to clearly synthesize what we have learned about the usefulness of tools from statistical physics in ecology. Ricard Solé and Jordi Bascompte provide a comprehensive introduction to complex systems theory, and ask: do universal laws shape the structure of ecosystems, at least at some scales? They offer the most compelling array of theoretical evidence to date of the potential of nonlinear ecological interactions to generate nonrandom, self-organized patterns at all levels. Tackling classic ecological questions--from population dynamics to biodiversity to macroevolution--the book's novel presentation of theories and data shows the power of statistical physics and complexity in ecology. Self-Organization in Complex Ecosystems will be a staple resource for years to come for ecologists interested in complex systems theory as well as mathematicians and physicists interested in ecology.

New Models for Ecosystem Dynamics and Restoration

New Models for Ecosystem Dynamics and Restoration
  • Author : Richard J. Hobbs,Katharine N. Suding,Society for Ecological Restoration International
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01-07
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : UOM:39015079212224
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Summary : "Conceptual models based on alternative stable states and restoration thresholds can help inform restoration efforts. This title explores how conceptual models of ecosystem dynamics can be applied to the recovery of degraded systems. It discusses the basic concepts and models and explores implications of scientific research on restoration practice." -- BOOK PUBLISHER WEBSITE.

Integrating Hydrology, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Biogeochemistry in Complex Landscapes

Integrating Hydrology, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Biogeochemistry in Complex Landscapes
  • Author : J. D. Tenhunen,P. Kabat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-08-03
  • Total pages :367
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822027940634
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Summary : In recent decades, the biosphere has become increasingly stressed, often beyond the point where the internal structure and function of ecosystems are sustained. We have experienced an intensified “exploration” of natural system resources to support agricultural and forest production, to provide water for human consumption, to supply the needs of industrial processes, and to provide, in addition, attractive, diverse landscapes for recreation and tourism. Exceeding thresholds via anthropogenic disturbance that results in degradation of ecosystems is dangerous, since the system-level effects and feedbacks (e.g., soil erosion, famine, polluted drinking water, etc.) are highly undesirable. Finding appropriate compromises in resource use that satisfy existing competitive interests and result in sound environmental management, especially in densely populated regions, requires an improved understanding of the trade-offs that accompany changes in “exploitation” or altered resource allocation at regional and landscape scales. Progress on landscape-level understanding of coupled water, carbon, and nitrogen budgets is limited by a lack of commitment to a rigorous development and application of synthetic techniques (e.g., strongly linked remote sensing studies, geographic information system applications, computer simulation modeling, and ecosystem experimentation) more than by basic site-level measurement alone. Possible research approaches that will contribute to new use of ecosystem knowledge in a landscape and regional context were considered by this Dahlem Workshop. The importance of conducting improved landscape and regional assessment of ecosystem function as input to global scale efforts of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme is a major theme of this book.

Catastrophic Thinking

Catastrophic Thinking
  • Author : David Sepkoski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780226348612
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Summary : Introduction: Why Extinction Matters -- The Meaning of Extinction: Catastrophe, Equilibrium, and Diversity -- Extinction in a Victorian Key -- Catastrophe and Modernity -- Extinction in the Shadow of the Bomb -- The Asteroid and the Dinosaur -- A Sixth Extinction? The Making of a Biodiversity Crisis -- Epilogue: Extinction in the Anthropocene.

From Energetics to Ecosystems: The Dynamics and Structure of Ecological Systems

From Energetics to Ecosystems: The Dynamics and Structure of Ecological Systems
  • Author : N. Rooney,K.S. McCann,D.L.G. Noakes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-02
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9781402053375
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Summary : Ecosystems are complex and enigmatic entities that are ultimately our life support systems. This book explores developments that unfold when math and physics meet ecology. Leading ecologists examine ecosystems from theoretical, experimental, and empirical viewpoints. The book begins by simplifying and synthesizing nature’s complex relationships. It then moves on to explore the mapping between food web structure and function and ends with the role of theory in integrating different research areas.

The Structure and Dynamics of Human Ecosystems

The Structure and Dynamics of Human Ecosystems
  • Author : William R. Burch,Gary E. Machlis,Jo Ellen Force
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-22
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780300231632
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Summary : A landmark book that strives to provide both grand theory and practical application, innovatively describing the structure and dynamics of human ecosystems As the world faces ever more complex and demanding environmental and social challenges, the need for interdisciplinary models and practical guidance becomes acute. The Human Ecosystem Model described in this landmark book provides an innovative response. Broad in scope, detailed in method, at once theoretical and applied, this grand study offers an in-depth understanding of human ecosystems and tools for action. The authors draw from Goethe’s Faust, classic anthropology and sociology studies, contemporary ecosystem ecology, Buddhist ethics, and more to create a paradigm-shifting model and a major advance in interdisciplinary ecology.

High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate

High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-05-16
  • Total pages :596
  • ISBN : 0080570046
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Summary : High-Arctic Ecosystem Dynamics in a Changing Climate is based on data collected during the past 10 years by Zackenberg Ecological Research Operations (ZERO) at Zackenberg Research Station in Northeast Greenland. This volume covers the function of Arctic ecosystems based on the most comprehensive long-term data set in the world from a well-defined Arctic ecosystem. Editors offer a comprehensive and authoritative analysis of how climate variability is influencing an Arctic ecosystem and how the Arctic ecosystems have inherent feedback mechanisms interacting with climate variability or change. The latest research on the functioning of Arctic ecosystems Supplements current books on arctic climate impact assessment as a case study for ecological specialists Discusses the complex perpetuating effects on Earth Vital information on modeling ecosystem responses to understand future climates

Coral Reef Fishes

Coral Reef Fishes
  • Author : Peter F. Sale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-08-03
  • Total pages :549
  • ISBN : 0123736099
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Summary : Coral Reef Fishes is the successor of The Ecology of Fishes on Coral Reefs. This new edition includes provocative reviews covering the major areas of reef fish ecology. Concerns about the future health of coral reefs, and recognition that reefs and their fishes are economically important components of the coastal oceans of many tropical nations, have led to enormous growth in research directed at reef fishes. This book is much more than a simple revision of the earlier volume; it is a companion that supports and extends the earlier work. The included syntheses provides readers with the current highlights in this exciting science. * An up-to-date review of key research areas in reef fish ecology, with a bibliography including hundreds of citations, most from the last decade * Authoritative and provocative chapters written to suggest future research priorities * Includes discussions of regulation of fish populations, dispersal or site fidelity of larval reef fishes, sensory and motor capabilities of reef fish larvae, and complexities of management of reef species and communities

Complexity in Landscape Ecology

Complexity in Landscape Ecology
  • Author : David G. Green,Nicholas Klomp,Glyn Rimmington,Suzanne Sadedin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-02-22
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 140204285X
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Summary : This book offers an introduction to the field of complexity and landscape ecology. It covers such topics as connectivity, criticality, feedback, and networks, as well as their impact on the stability and predictability of ecosystem dynamics.

Complex Population Dynamics

Complex Population Dynamics
  • Author : Bernd Blasius,Jrgen Kurths,Lewi Stone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9789812771575
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Summary : This collection of review articles is devoted to the modeling of ecological, epidemiological and evolutionary systems. Theoretical mathematical models are perhaps one of the most powerful approaches available for increasing our understanding of the complex population dynamics in these natural systems. Exciting new techniques are currently being developed to meet this challenge, such as generalized or structural modeling, adaptive dynamics or multiplicative processes. Many of these new techniques stem from the field of nonlinear dynamics and chaos theory, where even the simplest mathematical rule can generate a rich variety of dynamical behaviors that bear a strong analogy to biological populations.

The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics

The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on the Geologic Record of Biosphere Dynamics
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-02-13
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 9780309095808
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Summary : In order to answer important questions about ecosystems and biodiversity, scientists can look to the past geological recordâ€"which includes fossils, sediment and ice cores, and tree rings. Because of recent advances in earth scientists’ ability to analyze biological and environmental information from geological data, the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Geological Survey asked a National Research Council (NRC) committee to assess the scientific opportunities provided by the geologic record and recommend how scientists can take advantage of these opportunities for the nation’s benefit. The committee identified three initiatives for future research to be developed over the next decade: (1) use the geological record as a “natural laboratory†to explore changes in living things under a range of past conditions, (2) use the record to better predict the response of biological systems to climate change, and (3) use geologic information to evaluate the effects of human and non-human factors on ecosystems. The committee also offered suggestions for improving the field through better training, improved databases, and additional funding.

Foundations of Ecological Resilience

Foundations of Ecological Resilience
  • Author : Lance H. Gunderson,Craig Reece Allen,C. S. Holling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-16
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 1610911334
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Summary : Ecological resilience provides a theoretical foundation for understanding how complex systems adapt to and recover from localized disturbances like hurricanes, fires, pest outbreaks, and floods, as well as large-scale perturbations such as climate change. Ecologists have developed resilience theory over the past three decades in an effort to explain surprising and nonlinear dynamics of complex adaptive systems. Resilience theory is especially important to environmental scientists for its role in underpinning adaptive management approaches to ecosystem and resource management. Foundations of Ecological Resilience is a collection of the most important articles on the subject of ecological resilience—those writings that have defined and developed basic concepts in the field and help explain its importance and meaning for scientists and researchers. The book’s three sections cover articles that have shaped or defined the concepts and theories of resilience, including key papers that broke new conceptual ground and contributed novel ideas to the field; examples that demonstrate ecological resilience in a range of ecosystems; and articles that present practical methods for understanding and managing nonlinear ecosystem dynamics. Foundations of Ecological Resilience is an important contribution to our collective understanding of resilience and an invaluable resource for students and scholars in ecology, wildlife ecology, conservation biology, sustainability, environmental science, public policy, and related fields.

Ecological Networks

Ecological Networks
  • Author : Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Mercedes Pascual,Mercedes Pascual,Jennifer A. Dunne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 0195188160
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Summary : Food webs are one of the most useful, and challenging, objects of study in ecology. These networks of predator-prey interactions, conjured in Darwin's image of a "tangled bank," provide a paradigmatic example of complex adaptive systems. This book is based on a February 2004 Santa Fe Institute workshop. Its authors treat the ecology of predator-prey interactions, food web theory, structure and dynamics. The book explores the boundaries of what is known of the relationship between structure and dynamics in ecological networks and will define directions for future developments in this field.

Spatial Ecology Patterns and Processes

Spatial Ecology Patterns and Processes
  • Author : Vikas Rai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-25
  • Total pages :145
  • ISBN : 9781608054909
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Summary : Spacial Ecology elucidates processes and mechanisms which structure dynamics of real world systems; these include lakes, ponds, forests and rivers. Readers are introduced to contemporary models in ecological literature based on the author’s research experience. The e-book starts by presenting an introduction to basic mechanisms of ecological processes. This is followed by chapters explaining these processes responsible for generating observed spatial patterns in detail. The e-book concludes with a chapter on water quality management and its relevance to the spatial setting in a wetland area. This text in spatial ecology is a welcome resource for readers interested in models, methods and methodologies best suited for the study of advanced ecology courses and topics related to ecosystem structure, function and habitat fragmentation.

A U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan

A U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan
  • Author : Carbon and Climate Working Group (U.S.)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :69
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822034479642
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Summary :

Research in Progress, FY 1992

Research in Progress, FY 1992
  • Author : United States. Department of Energy. Office of Health and Environmental Research
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :371
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105026897459
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Summary :

Nonlinear Physics of Ecosystems

Nonlinear Physics of Ecosystems
  • Author : Ehud Meron
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-15
  • Total pages :359
  • ISBN : 9781439826324
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Summary : Nonlinear Physics of Ecosystems introduces the concepts and tools of pattern formation theory and demonstrates their utility in ecological research using problems from spatial ecology. Written in language understandable to both physicists and ecologists in most parts, the book reveals the mechanisms of pattern formation and pattern dynamics. It also explores the implications of these mechanisms in important ecological problems. The first part of the book gives an overview of pattern formation and spatial ecology, showing how these disparate research fields are strongly related to one another. The next part presents an advanced account of pattern formation theory. The final part describes applications of pattern formation theory to ecological problems, including self-organized vegetation patchiness, desertification, and biodiversity in changing environments. Focusing on the emerging interface between spatial ecology and pattern formation, this book shows how pattern formation methods address a variety of ecological problems using water-limited ecosystems as a case study. Readers with basic knowledge of linear algebra and ordinary differential equations will develop a general understanding of pattern formation theory while more advanced readers who are familiar with partial differential equations will appreciate the descriptions of analytical tools used to study pattern formation and dynamics.

Ecological Model Types

Ecological Model Types
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-28
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9780444636263
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Summary : Ecological Model Types brings an understanding on how to quantitatively analyze complex and dynamic ecosystems with the tools available today. Ecosystem studies widely use the notions of order, complexity, randomness, and organization, and are used interchangeably in literature, which causes much confusion. Better models synthesize our knowledge on ecosystems and their environmental problems, in contrast to statistical analysis, which only reveal the relationships between the data. This book brings together experts on ecological models to create a definitive work on how to understand our complex Earth. Bridges the gap between statistical analysis and synthesis of data, enhancing our understanding about ecosystems and their environmental problems Helps readers understand complex ecosystems by walking through the best modeling options to analyze and predict environmental effects Provides a detailed review of 14 model types, covering the breadth of options available for analysis at this time