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Robot Operating System (ROS)

Robot Operating System (ROS)
  • Author : Anis Koubaa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-21
  • Total pages :397
  • ISBN : 9783030459567
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Summary : This book is the fifth volume in the successful book series Robot Operating System: The Complete Reference. The objective of the book is to provide the reader with comprehensive coverage on the Robot Operating System (ROS), which is currently considered to be the primary development framework for robotics applications, and the latest trends and contributing systems. The content is divided into six parts. Pat I presents for the first time the emerging ROS 2.0 framework, while Part II focuses on multi-robot systems, namely on SLAM and Swarm coordination. Part III provides two chapters on autonomous systems, namely self-driving cars and unmanned aerial systems. In turn, Part IV addresses the contributions of simulation frameworks for ROS. In Part V, two chapters explore robotic manipulators and legged robots. Finally, Part VI presents emerging topics in monocular SLAM and a chapter on fault tolerance systems for ROS. Given its scope, the book will offer a valuable companion for ROS users and developers, helping them deepen their knowledge of ROS capabilities and features.

Mobile Microrobotics

Mobile Microrobotics
  • Author : Metin Sitti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-09
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 9780262036436
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Summary : The first textbook on micron-scale mobile robotics, introducing the fundamentals of design, analysis, fabrication, and control, and drawing on case studies of existing approaches. Progress in micro- and nano-scale science and technology has created a demand for new microsystems for high-impact applications in healthcare, biotechnology, manufacturing, and mobile sensor networks. The new robotics field of microrobotics has emerged to extend our interactions and explorations to sub-millimeter scales. This is the first textbook on micron-scale mobile robotics, introducing the fundamentals of design, analysis, fabrication, and control, and drawing on case studies of existing approaches. The book covers the scaling laws that can be used to determine the dominant forces and effects at the micron scale; models forces acting on microrobots, including surface forces, friction, and viscous drag; and describes such possible microfabrication techniques as photo-lithography, bulk micromachining, and deep reactive ion etching. It presents on-board and remote sensing methods, noting that remote sensors are currently more feasible; studies possible on-board microactuators; discusses self-propulsion methods that use self-generated local gradients and fields or biological cells in liquid environments; and describes remote microrobot actuation methods for use in limited spaces such as inside the human body. It covers possible on-board powering methods, indispensable in future medical and other applications; locomotion methods for robots on surfaces, in liquids, in air, and on fluid-air interfaces; and the challenges of microrobot localization and control, in particular multi-robot control methods for magnetic microrobots. Finally, the book addresses current and future applications, including noninvasive medical diagnosis and treatment, environmental remediation, and scientific tools.

Electromagnetic Actuation and Sensing in Medical Robotics

Electromagnetic Actuation and Sensing in Medical Robotics
  • Author : Hongliang Ren,Jinji Sun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-30
  • Total pages :219
  • ISBN : 9789811060359
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Summary : This book highlights electromagnetic actuation (EMA) and sensing systems for a broad range of applications including targeted drug delivery, drug-release-rate control, catheterization, intravitreal needleless injections, wireless magnetic capsule endoscopy, and micromanipulations. It also reviews the state-of-the-art magnetic actuation and sensing technologies with remotely controlled targets used in biomedicine.

Microfluidics and Bio-MEMS

Microfluidics and Bio-MEMS
  • Author : Tuhin S. Santra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-01
  • Total pages :548
  • ISBN : 9781000769135
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Summary : The past two decades have seen rapid development of micro-/nanotechnologies with the integration of chemical engineering, biomedical engineering, chemistry, and life sciences to form bio-MEMS or lab-on-chip devices that help us perform cellular analysis in a complex micro-/nanoflluidic environment with minimum sample consumption and have potential biomedical applications. To date, few books have been published in this field, and researchers are unable to find specialized content. This book compiles cutting-edge research on cell manipulation, separation, and analysis using microfluidics and bio-MEMS devices. It illustrates the use of micro-robots for biomedical applications, vascularized microfluidic organs-on-a-chip and their applications, as well as DNA gene microarray biochips and their applications. In addition, it elaborates on neuronal cell activity in microfluidic compartments, microvasculature and microarray gene patterning, different physical methods for drug delivery and analysis, micro-/nanoparticle preparation and separation in a micro-/nanofluidic environment, and the potential biomedical applications of micro-/nanoparticles. This book can be used by academic researchers, especially those involved in biomicrofluidics and bio-MEMS, and undergraduate- and graduate-level students of bio-MEMS/bio-nanoelectromechanical systems (bio-NEMS), biomicrofluidics, biomicrofabricatios, micro-/nanofluidics, biophysics, single-cell analysis, bionanotechnology, drug delivery systems, and biomedical micro-/nanodevices. Readers can gain knowledge of different aspects of microfluidics and bio-MEMS devices; their design, fabrication, and integration; and biomedical applications. The book will also help biotechnology-based industries, where research and development is ongoing in cell-based analysis, diagnosis, and drug screening.

Robotic Systems and Autonomous Platforms

Robotic Systems and Autonomous Platforms
  • Author : Shawn M. Walsh,Michael S. Strano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-11
  • Total pages :603
  • ISBN : 9780081020487
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Summary : Robotic Systems and Autonomous Platforms: Advances in Materials and Manufacturing showcases new materials and manufacturing methodologies for the enhancement of robotic and autonomous systems. Initial chapters explore how autonomous systems can enable new uses for materials, including innovations on different length scales, from nano, to macro and large systems. The means by which autonomous systems can enable new uses for manufacturing are also addressed, highlighting innovations in 3D additive manufacturing, printing of materials, novel synthesis of multifunctional materials, and robotic cooperation. Concluding themes deliver highly novel applications from the international academic, industrial and government sectors. This book will provide readers with a complete review of the cutting-edge advances in materials and manufacturing methodologies that could enhance the capabilities of robotic and autonomous systems. Presents comprehensive coverage of materials and manufacturing technologies, as well as sections on related technology, such as sensing, communications, autonomy/control and actuation Explores potential applications demonstrated by a selection of case-studies Contains contributions from leading experts in the field

Magnetic Nano- and Microwires

Magnetic Nano- and Microwires
  • Author : Manuel Vázquez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-01
  • Total pages :997
  • ISBN : 9780081028339
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Summary : Magnetic Nano-and Microwires: Design, Synthesis, Properties and Applications, Second Edition, reviews the growth and processing of nanowires and nanowire heterostructures using such methods as sol-gel and electrodeposition, focused-electron/ion-beam-induced deposition, epitaxial growth by chemical vapor transport, and more. Other sections cover engineering nanoporous anodic alumina, discuss magnetic and transport properties, domains, domain walls in nano-and microwires. and provide updates on skyrmions, domain walls, magnetism and transport, and the latest techniques to characterize and analyze these effects. Final sections cover applications, both current and emerging, and new chapters on memory, sensor, thermoelectric and nanorobotics applications. This book will be an ideal resource for academics and industry professionals working in the disciplines of materials science, physics, chemistry, electrical and electronic engineering and nanoscience. Details the multiple key techniques for the growth, processing and characterization of nanowires and microwires Reviews the principles and difficulties involved in applying magnetic nano- and microwires to a wide range of applications, also including biomedical and sensing applications Discusses magnetism and transport in nanowires, skyrmions and domain walls in nanowires and the latest innovations in magnetic imaging

Small-Scale Robotics From Nano-to-Millimeter-Sized Robotic Systems and Applications

Small-Scale Robotics From Nano-to-Millimeter-Sized Robotic Systems and Applications
  • Author : Igor Paprotny,Sarah Bergbreiter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-12
  • Total pages :101
  • ISBN : 9783642551345
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Summary : This book contains selected contributions from some of the most renowned researchers in the field of small-scale robotics, based in large part on invited presentations from the workshop “The Different Sizes of Small-Scale Robotics: from Nano-, to Millimeter-Sized Robotic Systems and Applications,” which was held in conjunction with the conjunction with the International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2013), in May 2013 in Karlsruhe, Germany. With many potential applications in areas such as medicine, manufacturing or search and rescue, small-scale robotics represent a new emerging frontier in robotics research. The aim of this book is to provide an insight to ongoing research and future directions in this novel, continuously evolving field, which lies at the intersection of engineering, computer science, material science and biology.

Microbiorobotics

Microbiorobotics
  • Author : Minjun Kim,Anak Agung Julius
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-08
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781455778942
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Summary : Microbiorobotics is a new engineering discipline that inherently involves a multidisciplinary approach (mechanical engineering, cellular biology, mathematical modeling, control systems, synthetic biology, etc). Building robotics system in the micro scale is an engineering task that has resulted in many important applications, ranging from micromanufacturing techniques to cellular manipulation. However, it is also a very challenging engineering task. One of the reasons is because many engineering ideas and principles that are used in larger scales do not scale well to the micro-scale. For example, locomotion principles in a fluid do not function in the same way, and the use of rotational motors is impractical because of the difficulty of building of the required components. Microrobotics is an area that is acknowledged to have massive potential in applications from medicine to manufacturing. This book introduces an inter-disciplinary readership to the toolkit that micro-organisms offer to micro-engineering The design of robots, sensors and actuators faces a range of techology challenges at the micro-scale. This book shows how biological techniques and materials can be used to meet these challenges World-class multi-disciplanry editors and contributors leverage insights from engineering, mathematical modeling and the life sciences – creating a novel toolkit for microrobotics

Nanomachines

Nanomachines
  • Author : Joseph Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-04
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9783527651474
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Summary : Nanomachines represent one of the most fascinating topics in of nanotechnology. These tiny devices provide diverse opportunities towards a wide range of important applications, ranging from targeted delivery of drug payloads to environmental remediation. This book addresses comprehensively the latest developments and discoveries in the field of nano- and microscale machines. It covers the evolution of nanomachines in general from a historical perspective, the fundamental challenges for motion at the nanoscale, different categories of biological and synthetic nano/microscale motors based on different propulsion mechanisms, ways for controlling the movement directionality and regulated speed, followed by detailed of major areas for which nanomachines has the potential to make a transformational impact. It ends with a futuristic look at nano/microscale machines and into their impact on the society. Key Features: * The only nanomachine introductory textbook currently available. * Written with college graduate level in mind to appeal to a broad interdisciplinary audience. * Covers the fundamental challenges for nanoscale motion. * Covers the latest advances in the design and operaton of a wide range of small-scale machines. * Covers diverse biomedical, environmental and technological applications of nanomachines. * Written in review format with cited articles to cover latest research and developments.

Single-Cell Analysis

Single-Cell Analysis
  • Author : Sara Lindström,Helene Andersson-Svahn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02-10
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 1617795666
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Summary : Today, cells are commonly analyzed en masse, with thousands of cells per sample, yielding results on the average response of the cells. However, cellular heterogeneity implies that in order to learn more about cellular behaviour, it is important to study how individual cells respond, one by one. In Single-Cell Analysis: Methods and Protocols, experts in the field provide an update on the field of single-cell analysis wherein the latest findings and applications are described in detail. The methods described in this book include a few examples of conventional methods and several examples of miniaturized methods. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and accessible, Single-Cell Analysis: Methods and Protocols encourages readers to explore new ways of studying cells that may help lead to exciting new discoveries.

Handbook of Magnetic Measurements

Handbook of Magnetic Measurements
  • Author : Slawomir Tumanski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9781439829523
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Summary : While magnetic devices are used in a range of applications, the availability of up-to-date books on magnetic measurements is quite limited. Collecting state-of-the-art knowledge from information scattered throughout the literature, Handbook of Magnetic Measurements covers a wide spectrum of topics pertaining to magnetic measurements. It describes m

Micro-Nano Mechatronics

Micro-Nano Mechatronics
  • Author : Chikara Nagai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-05
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9789535111047
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Summary : Micro/Nano mechatronics is currently used in broader spectra, ranging from basic applications in robotics, actuators, sensors, semiconductors, automobiles, and machine tools. As a strategic technology highlighting the 21st century, this technology is extended to new applications in bio-medical systems and life science, construction machines, and aerospace equipment, welfare/human life engineering, and other brand new scopes. Basically, the miniaturizing technology is important to realize high performance, low energy consumption, low cost performance, small space instrumentation, light-weight, and so on. This book presents the summary of our project Center of Excellence for Education and Research of Micro-Nano Mechatronics. The project implements a strategy to realize applications of micro-nano mechatronics, which are based on mechanical engineering or materials science, control systems engineering, and advanced medical engineering. The chapters describe the research advances in micro/nano measurement and control, micro/nano design and manufacturing, nano materials science, and their applications in biomedical engineering. The publication of this book was supported by Nagoya University, the 21st COE program "Micro- and NanoMechatronics for Information-Based Society," and the global COE program “COE for Education and Research of Micro-Nano Mechatronics.”

Handbook of Capsule Endoscopy

Handbook of Capsule Endoscopy
  • Author : Zhaoshen Li,Zhuan Liao,Mark McAlindon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-30
  • Total pages :199
  • ISBN : 9789401792295
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Summary : Handbook of Capsule Endoscopy is a concise guide to the clinical diagnostic use of capsule endoscopy, a non-invasive imaging technology of the gastrointestinal tract. This book is written by an international team with over 30 authors from 8 countries, mainly China, Britain, Israel, Italy, Germany, Korea, United Arab Emirates and the United States. This book introduces nearly all aspects of capsule endoscopy, including the six devices currently in use, the set up procedures, indications and contraindications, its application in three organs, special use in pediatrics, safety issues and case presentations. This book is an ideal reference work for physicians and surgeons who wish to utilize this helpful imaging technology. Prof. Zhaoshen Li and Associate Prof. Zhuan Liao are doctors in Changhai Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. Mark McAlindon is a consultant gastroenterologist and the directorate of gastroenterology in Royal Hallamshire Hospital, England, the United Kingdom.

Micro-Manufacturing Technologies and Their Applications

Micro-Manufacturing Technologies and Their Applications
  • Author : Irene Fassi,David Shipley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-31
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9783319396514
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Summary : This book provides in-depth theoretical and practical information on recent advances in micro-manufacturing technologies and processes, covering such topics as micro-injection moulding, micro-cutting, micro-EDM, micro-assembly, micro-additive manufacturing, moulded interconnected devices, and microscale metrology. It is designed to provide complementary material for the related e-learning platform on micro-manufacturing developed within the framework of the Leonardo da Vinci project 2013-3748/542424: MIMAN-T: Micro-Manufacturing Training System for SMEs. The book is mainly addressed to technicians and prospective professionals in the sector and will serve as an easily usable tool to facilitate the translation of micro-manufacturing technologies into tangible industrial benefits. Numerous examples are included to assist readers in learning and implementing the described technologies. In addition, an individual chapter is devoted to technological foresight, addressing market analysis and business models for micro-manufacturers.

Automated Nanohandling by Microrobots

Automated Nanohandling by Microrobots
  • Author : Sergej Fatikow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-25
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9781846289781
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Summary : This book provides an introduction to robot-based nanohandling. It presents work on the development of a versatile microrobot-based nanohandling robot station inside a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Those unfamiliar with the subject will find the text, which is complemented throughout by the extensive use of illustrations, clear and simple to understand. The author has published two books and numerous papers in the field, and holds more than 50 patents.

Microsystem Technology and Microrobotics

Microsystem Technology and Microrobotics
  • Author : Sergej Fatikow,Ulrich Rembold
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9783662034507
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Summary : Microsystem technology (MST) integrates very small (up to a few nanometers) mechanical, electronic, optical, and other components on a substrate to construct functional devices. These devices are used as intelligent sensors, actuators, and controllers for medical, automotive, household and many other purposes. This book is a basic introduction to MST for students, engineers, and scientists. It is the first of its kind to cover MST in its entirety. It gives a comprehensive treatment of all important parts of MST such as microfabrication technologies, microactuators, microsensors, development and testing of microsystems, and information processing in microsystems. It surveys products built to date and experimental products and gives a comprehensive view of all developments leading to MST devices and robots.

Hydrogel Sensors and Actuators

Hydrogel Sensors and Actuators
  • Author : Gerald Gerlach,K.-F. Arndt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-24
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 3540756450
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Summary : Hydrogels are a fascinating class of polymers which show an immense ability of swelling under the influence of temperature, pH value or concentrations of different species in aqueous solutions. The volume change can amount up to several hundred percent. This unique behaviour is already used in such applications like disposable diapers, contact lenses or drug-delivery systems. The ability to perform mechanical work has been shifted the technical interest more and more towards sensors and actuators exploiting the thermo-chemo-mechano-electrical coupling within hydrogels. The accuracy requirements for such devices are much more demanding than for previous applications. Therefore, a deep knowledge of both the material and the functional properties of hydrogel sensors and actuators is needed. The monograph describes state of the art and recent developments for these materials in sensor and actuator technology.

Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Interfaces

Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Interfaces
  • Author : Marie Helene Delville,Andreas Taubert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-04
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9783527807123
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Summary : Hybrid organic-inorganic materials and the rational design of their interfaces open up the access to a wide spectrum of functionalities not achievable with traditional concepts of materials science. This innovative class of materials has a major impact in many application domains such as optics, electronics, mechanics, energy storage and conversion, protective coatings, catalysis, sensing and nanomedicine. The properties of these materials do not only depend on the chemical structure, and the mutual interaction between their nano-scale building blocks, but are also strongly influenced by the interfaces they share. This handbook focuses on the most recent investigations concerning the design, control, and dynamics of hybrid organic-inorganic interfaces, covering: (i) characterization methods of interfaces, (ii) innovative computational approaches and simulation of interaction processes, (iii) in-situ studies of dynamic aspects controlling the formation of these interfaces, and (iv) the role of the interface for process optimization, devices, and applications in such areas as optics, electronics, energy and medicine.

Innovative Diagnostics and Treatment: Nanorobotics and Stem Cells

Innovative Diagnostics and Treatment: Nanorobotics and Stem Cells
  • Author : Tomasz Jadczyk,Ewa Bryndza Tfaily,Sachin Mishra,Marek Jędrzejek,Marta Bołoz,Parasuraman Padmanabhan,Wojciech Wojakowski,Zdeněk Stárek,Sylvain Martel,Balázs Gulyás
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-09
  • Total pages :61
  • ISBN : 9789811045271
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Summary : This book focuses on nanorobotic agents and stem cells for biomedical applications.It is intended for researchers and clinicians interested in innovative diagnostic and therapeutic strategies based on nanorobots and stem cells.It presents current advances in the field of molecular machines, which could be applied to generate novel therapeutic-diagnostic systems.

VLSI Circuits for Biomedical Applications

VLSI Circuits for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9781596933187
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Summary : Supported with over 280 illustrations and over 160 equations, the book offers cutting-edge guidance on designing integrated circuits for wireless biosensing, body implants, biosensing interfaces, and molecular biology. You discover innovative design techniques and novel materials to help you achieve higher levels circuit and system performance.

The DelFly

The DelFly
  • Author : G.C.H.E. de Croon,M. Perçin,B.D.W. Remes,R. Ruijsink,C. De Wagter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-26
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 9789401792080
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Summary : This book introduces the topics most relevant to autonomously flying flapping wing robots: flapping-wing design, aerodynamics, and artificial intelligence. Readers can explore these topics in the context of the "Delfly", a flapping wing robot designed at Delft University in The Netherlands. How are tiny fruit flies able to lift their weight, avoid obstacles and predators, and find food or shelter? The first step in emulating this is the creation of a micro flapping wing robot that flies by itself. The challenges are considerable: the design and aerodynamics of flapping wings are still active areas of scientific research, whilst artificial intelligence is subject to extreme limitations deriving from the few sensors and minimal processing onboard. This book conveys the essential insights that lie behind success such as the DelFly Micro and the DelFly Explorer. The DelFly Micro, with its 3.07 grams and 10 cm wing span, is still the smallest flapping wing MAV in the world carrying a camera, whilst the DelFly Explorer is the world's first flapping wing MAV that is able to fly completely autonomously in unknown environments. The DelFly project started in 2005 and ever since has served as inspiration, not only to many scientific flapping wing studies, but also the design of flapping wing toys. The combination of introductions to relevant fields, practical insights and scientific experiments from the DelFly project make this book a must-read for all flapping wing enthusiasts, be they students, researchers, or engineers.