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Verification, Validation and Uncertainty Quantification of Multi-Physics Modeling of Nuclear Reactors

Verification, Validation and Uncertainty Quantification of Multi-Physics Modeling of Nuclear Reactors
  • Author : Maria Avramova,Kostadin Ivanov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-15
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 012814954X
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Summary : Verification, Validation and Uncertainty Quantification in Multi-Physics Modeling of Nuclear Reactors is a key reference for those tasked with ensuring the credibility and reliability of engineering models and simulations for the nuclear industry and nuclear energy research. Sections discuss simulation challenges and revise key definitions, concepts and terminology. Chapters cover solution verification, the frontier discipline of multi-physics coupling verification, model validation and its applications to single and multi-scale models, and uncertainty quantification. This essential guide will greatly assist engineers, scientists, regulators and students in applying rigorous verification, validation and uncertainty quantification methodologies to the M&S tools used in the industry. The book contains a strong focus on the verification and validation procedures required for the emerging multi-physics M&S tools that have great potential for use in the licensing of new reactors, as well as for power uprating and life extensions of operating reactors. Uniquely--and crucially for nuclear engineers--demonstrates the application of verification, validation and uncertainty methodologies to the modeling and simulation (M&S) of nuclear reactors Equips the reader to develop a rigorously defensible validation process irrespective of the particular M&S tool used Brings the audience up-to-speed on validation methods for traditional M&S tools Extends the discussion to the emerging area of validation of multi-physics and multi-scale nuclear reactor simulations

Improved Best Estimate Plus Uncertainty Methodology Including Advanced Validation Concepts to License Evolving Nuclear Reactors

Improved Best Estimate Plus Uncertainty Methodology Including Advanced Validation Concepts to License Evolving Nuclear Reactors
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:873865836
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Summary : Many evolving nuclear energy programs plan to use advanced predictive multi-scale multi-physics simulation and modeling capabilities to reduce cost and time from design through licensing. Historically, the role of experiments was primary tool for design and understanding of nuclear system behavior while modeling and simulation played the subordinate role of supporting experiments. In the new era of multi-scale multi-physics computational based technology development, the experiments will still be needed but they will be performed at different scales to calibrate and validate models leading predictive simulations. Cost saving goals of programs will require us to minimize the required number of validation experiments. Utilization of more multi-scale multi-physics models introduces complexities in the validation of predictive tools. Traditional methodologies will have to be modified to address these arising issues. This paper lays out the basic aspects of a methodology that can be potentially used to address these new challenges in design and licensing of evolving nuclear technology programs. The main components of the proposed methodology are verification, validation, calibration, and uncertainty quantification. An enhanced calibration concept is introduced and is accomplished through data assimilation. The goal is to enable best-estimate prediction of system behaviors in both normal and safety related environments. To achieve this goal requires the additional steps of estimating the domain of validation and quantification of uncertainties that allow for extension of results to areas of the validation domain that are not directly tested with experiments, which might include extension of the modeling and simulation (M & S) capabilities for application to full-scale systems. The new methodology suggests a formalism to quantify an adequate level of validation (predictive maturity) with respect to required selective data so that required testing can be minimized for cost saving purposes by showing further testing wold not enhance the quality of the validation of predictive tools. The proposed methodology is at a conceptual level. When matured and if considered favorably by the stakeholders, it could serve as a new framework for the next generation of the best estimate plus uncertainty licensing methodology that USNRC developed previously. In order to come to that level of maturity it is necessary to communicate the methodology to scientific, design and regulatory stakeholders for discussion and debates. This paper is the first step to establish this communication.

Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling

Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling
  • Author : Yan Wang,David L. McDowell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-10
  • Total pages :604
  • ISBN : 9780081029428
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Summary : Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling provides a complete overview of uncertainty quantification (UQ) in computational materials science. It provides practical tools and methods along with examples of their application to problems in materials modeling. UQ methods are applied to various multiscale models ranging from the nanoscale to macroscale. This book presents a thorough synthesis of the state-of-the-art in UQ methods for materials modeling, including Bayesian inference, surrogate modeling, random fields, interval analysis, and sensitivity analysis, providing insight into the unique characteristics of models framed at each scale, as well as common issues in modeling across scales. Synthesizes available UQ methods for materials modeling Provides practical tools and examples for problem solving in modeling material behavior across various length scales Demonstrates UQ in density functional theory, molecular dynamics, kinetic Monte Carlo, phase field, finite element method, multiscale modeling, and to support decision making in materials design Covers quantum, atomistic, mesoscale, and engineering structure-level modeling and simulation

Model Validation and Uncertainty Quantification, Volume 3

Model Validation and Uncertainty Quantification, Volume 3
  • Author : H. Sezer Atamturktur,Babak Moaveni,Costas Papadimitriou,Tyler Schoenherr
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-11
  • Total pages :427
  • ISBN : 9783319045528
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Summary : This third volume of eight from the IMAC - XXXII Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Structural Dynamics, including papers on: Linear Systems Substructure Modelling Adaptive Structures Experimental Techniques Analytical Methods Damage Detection Damping of Materials & Members Modal Parameter Identification Modal Testing Methods System Identification Active Control Modal Parameter Estimation Processing Modal Data

Expansion of the Severe Accident Code MELCOR by Coupling External Models

Expansion of the Severe Accident Code MELCOR by Coupling External Models
  • Author : Dietrich, Philipp
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-20
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 9783731506034
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Summary :

Towards a Supported Common NEAMS Software Stack

Towards a Supported Common NEAMS Software Stack
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:967923377
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Summary : The NEAMS IPSC's are developing multidimensional, multiphysics, multiscale simulation codes based on first principles that will be capable of predicting all aspects of current and future nuclear reactor systems. These new breeds of simulation codes will include rigorous verification, validation and uncertainty quantification checks to quantify the accuracy and quality of the simulation results. The resulting NEAMS IPSC simulation codes will be an invaluable tool in designing the next generation of Nuclear Reactors and also contribute to a more speedy process in the acquisition of licenses from the NRC for new Reactor designs. Due to the high resolution of the models, the complexity of the physics and the added computational resources to quantify the accuracy/quality of the results, the NEAMS IPSC codes will require large HPC resources to carry out the production simulation runs.

Assessing the Reliability of Complex Models

Assessing the Reliability of Complex Models
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications,Committee on Mathematical Foundations of Verification, Validation, and Uncertainty Quantification
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-26
  • Total pages :144
  • ISBN : 9780309256346
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Summary : Advances in computing hardware and algorithms have dramatically improved the ability to simulate complex processes computationally. Today's simulation capabilities offer the prospect of addressing questions that in the past could be addressed only by resource-intensive experimentation, if at all. Assessing the Reliability of Complex Models recognizes the ubiquity of uncertainty in computational estimates of reality and the necessity for its quantification. As computational science and engineering have matured, the process of quantifying or bounding uncertainties in a computational estimate of a physical quality of interest has evolved into a small set of interdependent tasks: verification, validation, and uncertainty of quantification (VVUQ). In recognition of the increasing importance of computational simulation and the increasing need to assess uncertainties in computational results, the National Research Council was asked to study the mathematical foundations of VVUQ and to recommend steps that will ultimately lead to improved processes. Assessing the Reliability of Complex Models discusses changes in education of professionals and dissemination of information that should enhance the ability of future VVUQ practitioners to improve and properly apply VVUQ methodologies to difficult problems, enhance the ability of VVUQ customers to understand VVUQ results and use them to make informed decisions, and enhance the ability of all VVUQ stakeholders to communicate with each other. This report is an essential resource for all decision and policy makers in the field, students, stakeholders, UQ experts, and VVUQ educators and practitioners.

High-Performance Computing Applications in Numerical Simulation and Edge Computing

High-Performance Computing Applications in Numerical Simulation and Edge Computing
  • Author : Changjun Hu,Wen Yang,Congfeng Jiang,Dong Dai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-28
  • Total pages :247
  • ISBN : 9789813299870
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Summary : This book constitutes the referred proceedings of two workshops held at the 32nd ACM International Conference on Supercomputing, ACM ICS 2018, in Beijing, China, in June 2018. This volume presents the papers that have been accepted for the following workshops: Second International Workshop on High Performance Computing for Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Nuclear Energy and Environmental Science, HPCMS 2018, and First International Workshop on HPC Supported Data Analytics for Edge Computing, HiDEC 2018. The 20 full papers presented during HPCMS 2018 and HiDEC 2018 were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers reflect such topics as computing methodologies; parallel algorithms; simulation types and techniques; machine learning.

Fundamentals of Nuclear Engineering

Fundamentals of Nuclear Engineering
  • Author : Brent J. Lewis,E. Nihan Onder,Andrew A. Prudil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-24
  • Total pages :984
  • ISBN : 9781119271543
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Summary : Fundamental of Nuclear Engineering is derived from over 25 years of teaching undergraduate and graduate courses on nuclear engineering. The material has been extensively class tested and provides the most comprehensive textbook and reference on the fundamentals of nuclear engineering. It includes a broad range of important areas in the nuclear engineering field; nuclear and atomic theory; nuclear reactor physics, design, control/dynamics, safety and thermal-hydraulics; nuclear fuel engineering; and health physics/radiation protection. It also includes the latest information that is missing in traditional texts, such as space radiation. The aim of the book is to provide a source for upper level undergraduate and graduate students studying nuclear engineering.

IAEA Coordinated Research Project on HTGR Reactor Physics, Thermal-hydraulics and Depletion Uncertainty Analysis

IAEA Coordinated Research Project on HTGR Reactor Physics, Thermal-hydraulics and Depletion Uncertainty Analysis
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :68
  • ISBN : OCLC:946824193
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Summary : The continued development of High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors (HTGRs) requires verification of HTGR design and safety features with reliable high fidelity physics models and robust, efficient, and accurate codes. The predictive capability of coupled neutronics/thermal-hydraulics and depletion simulations for reactor design and safety analysis can be assessed with sensitivity analysis (SA) and uncertainty analysis (UA) methods. Uncertainty originates from errors in physical data, manufacturing uncertainties, modelling and computational algorithms. (The interested reader is referred to the large body of published SA and UA literature for a more complete overview of the various types of uncertainties, methodologies and results obtained). SA is helpful for ranking the various sources of uncertainty and error in the results of core analyses. SA and UA are required to address cost, safety, and licensing needs and should be applied to all aspects of reactor multi-physics simulation. SA and UA can guide experimental, modelling, and algorithm research and development. Current SA and UA rely either on derivative-based methods such as stochastic sampling methods or on generalized perturbation theory to obtain sensitivity coefficients. Neither approach addresses all needs. In order to benefit from recent advances in modelling and simulation and the availability of new covariance data (nuclear data uncertainties) extensive sensitivity and uncertainty studies are needed for quantification of the impact of different sources of uncertainties on the design and safety parameters of HTGRs. Only a parallel effort in advanced simulation and in nuclear data improvement will be able to provide designers with more robust and well validated calculation tools to meet design target accuracies. In February 2009, the Technical Working Group on Gas-Cooled Reactors (TWG-GCR) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) recommended that the proposed Coordinated Research Program (CRP) on the HTGR Uncertainty Analysis in Modelling (UAM) be implemented. This CRP is a continuation of the previous IAEA and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)/Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) international activities on Verification and Validation (V & V) of available analytical capabilities for HTGR simulation for design and safety evaluations [1], [2], [3]. Within the framework of these activities different numerical and experimental benchmark problems were performed and insight was gained about specific physics phenomena and the adequacy of analysis methods.

Coarse Grained Simulation and Turbulent Mixing

Coarse Grained Simulation and Turbulent Mixing
  • Author : Fernando F. Grinstein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-31
  • Total pages :516
  • ISBN : 9781107137042
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Summary : Reviews our current understanding of the subject. For graduate students and researchers in computational fluid dynamics and turbulence.

Handbook of Uncertainty Quantification

Handbook of Uncertainty Quantification
  • Author : Roger Ghanem,David Higdon,Howman Owhadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-08
  • Total pages :1000
  • ISBN : 331912384X
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Summary : The topic of Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) has witnessed massive developments in response to the promise of achieving risk mitigation through scientific prediction. It has led to the integration of ideas from mathematics, statistics and engineering being used to lend credence to predictive assessments of risk but also to design actions (by engineers, scientists and investors) that are consistent with risk aversion. The objective of this Handbook is to facilitate the dissemination of the forefront of UQ ideas to their audiences. We recognize that these audiences are varied, with interests ranging from theory to application, and from research to development and even execution.

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods
  • Author : Franz Roters,Philip Eisenlohr,Thomas R. Bieler,Dierk Raabe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-04
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9783527642090
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Summary : Written by the leading experts in computational materials science, this handy reference concisely reviews the most important aspects of plasticity modeling: constitutive laws, phase transformations, texture methods, continuum approaches and damage mechanisms. As a result, it provides the knowledge needed to avoid failures in critical systems udner mechanical load. With its various application examples to micro- and macrostructure mechanics, this is an invaluable resource for mechanical engineers as well as for researchers wanting to improve on this method and extend its outreach.

Active Subspaces

Active Subspaces
  • Author : Paul G. Constantine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-17
  • Total pages :100
  • ISBN : 9781611973860
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Summary : Scientists and engineers use computer simulations to study relationships between a model's input parameters and its outputs. However, thorough parameter studies are challenging, if not impossible, when the simulation is expensive and the model has several inputs. To enable studies in these instances, the engineer may attempt to reduce the dimension of the model's input parameter space. Active subspaces are an emerging set of dimension reduction tools that identify important directions in the parameter space. This book describes techniques for discovering a model's active subspace and proposes methods for exploiting the reduced dimension to enable otherwise infeasible parameter studies. Readers will find new ideas for dimension reduction, easy-to-implement algorithms, and several examples of active subspaces in action.

Model Validation and Uncertainty Quantification, Volume 3

Model Validation and Uncertainty Quantification, Volume 3
  • Author : Robert Barthorpe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 3030120767
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Summary : Model Validation and Uncertainty Quantification, Volume 3: Proceedings of the 37th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2019, the third volume of eight from the Conference brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Model Validation and Uncertainty Quantification, including papers on: Inverse Problems and Uncertainty Quantification Controlling Uncertainty Validation of Models for Operating Environments Model Validation & Uncertainty Quantification: Decision Making Uncertainty Quantification in Structural Dynamics Uncertainty in Early Stage Design Computational and Uncertainty Quantification Tools.

Verification and Validation in Scientific Computing

Verification and Validation in Scientific Computing
  • Author : William L. Oberkampf,Christopher J. Roy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-14
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139491761
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Summary : Advances in scientific computing have made modelling and simulation an important part of the decision-making process in engineering, science, and public policy. This book provides a comprehensive and systematic development of the basic concepts, principles, and procedures for verification and validation of models and simulations. The emphasis is placed on models that are described by partial differential and integral equations and the simulations that result from their numerical solution. The methods described can be applied to a wide range of technical fields, from the physical sciences, engineering and technology and industry, through to environmental regulations and safety, product and plant safety, financial investing, and governmental regulations. This book will be genuinely welcomed by researchers, practitioners, and decision makers in a broad range of fields, who seek to improve the credibility and reliability of simulation results. It will also be appropriate either for university courses or for independent study.

Design-basis Accident Analysis Methods For Light-water Nuclear Power Plants

Design-basis Accident Analysis Methods For Light-water Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Robert Martin,Cesare Frepoli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-13
  • Total pages :716
  • ISBN : 9789813275676
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Summary : This book captures the principles of safety evaluation as practiced in the regulated light-water reactor nuclear industry, as established and stabilized over the last 30 years. It is expected to serve both the current industry and those planning for the future. The work's coverage of the subject matter is the broadest to date, including not only the common topics of modeling and simulation, but also methods supporting the basis for the underlying assumptions, the extension to radiological safety, what to expect in a licensing review, historical perspectives and the implication for new designs.This text is an essential resource for practitioners and students, on the current best-practices in nuclear power plant safety and their basis. Contributors of this work are subject matter experts in their specialties, much of which was nurtured and inspired by Prof. Larry Hochreiter, a prominent nuclear safety pioneer.Related Link(s)

Computational Science – ICCS 2020

Computational Science – ICCS 2020
  • Author : Valeria V. Krzhizhanovskaya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9783030504335
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Summary :

Government Reports Announcements & Index

Government Reports Announcements & Index
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32435028597524
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Summary :

Fusion Neutronics

Fusion Neutronics
  • Author : Yican Wu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-16
  • Total pages :393
  • ISBN : 9789811054693
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Summary : This book provides a systematic and comprehensive introduction to fusion neutronics, covering all key topics from the fundamental theories and methodologies, as well as a wide range of fusion system designs and experiments. It is the first-ever book focusing on the subject of fusion neutronics research. Compared with other nuclear devices such as fission reactors and accelerators, fusion systems are normally characterized by their complex geometry and nuclear physics, which entail new challenges for neutronics such as complicated modeling, deep penetration, low simulation efficiency, multi-physics coupling, etc. The book focuses on the neutronic characteristics of fusion systems and introduces a series of theories and methodologies that were developed to address the challenges of fusion neutronics. Further, it introduces readers to the unique principles and procedures of neutronics design, experimental methodologies and methodologies for fusion systems. The book not only highlights the latest advances and trends in the field, but also draws on the experiences and skills collected in the author’s more than 40 years of research. To make it more accessible and enhance its practical value, various representative examples are included to illustrate the application and efficiency of the methods, designs and experimental techniques discussed.

Best Estimate Safety Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants

Best Estimate Safety Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :199
  • ISBN : UOM:39015082521652
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Summary : Deterministic safety analysis is an important tool for confirming the adequacy and efficiency of provisions within the defence in depth concept for the safety of nuclear power plants (NPPs). IAEA Safety Standards Series No. NS-R-1.2 and Safety Reports Series No. 23 recommend, as one of the options for demonstrating the inclusion of adequate safety margins, the use of best estimate computer codes with realistic input data in combination with the evaluation of uncertainties in the calculation results. The evaluation of uncertainties is an issue of considerable complexity, and this Safety Report has been developed to complement the existing publications. It provides more detailed information on the methods available for the evaluation of uncertainties in deterministic safety analysis of NPPs and practical guidance in the use of these methods.