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Water Societies and Technologies from the Past and Present

Water Societies and Technologies from the Past and Present
  • Author : Mark Altaweel,Yijie Zhuang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-26
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9781911576693
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Summary : Today our societies face great challenges with water, in terms of both quantity and quality, but many of these challenges have already existed in the past. Focusing on Asia, Water Societies and Technologies from the Past and Present seeks to highlight the issues that emerge or re-emerge across different societies and periods, and asks what they can tell us about water sustainability. Incorporating cutting-edge research and pioneering field surveys on past and present water management practices, the interdisciplinary contributors together identify how societies managed water resource challenges and utilised water in ways that allowed them to evolve, persist, or drastically alter their environment. The case studies, from different periods, ancient and modern, and from different regions, including Egypt, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Southwest United States, the Indus Basin, the Yangtze River, the Mesopotamian floodplain, the early Islamic city of Sultan Kala in Turkmenistan, and ancient Korea, offer crucial empirical data to readers interested in comparing the dynamics of water management practices across time and space, and to those who wish to understand water-related issues through conceptual and quantitative models of water use. The case studies also challenge classical theories on water management and social evolution, examine and establish the deep historical roots and ecological foundations of water sustainability issues, and contribute new grounds for innovations in sustainable urban planning and ecological resilience.

Past and Present Energy Societies

Past and Present Energy Societies
  • Author : Nina Möllers,Karin Zachmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-30
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9783839419649
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Summary : Abundant, salutary, problematic - energy makes history. As a symbol, resource and consumer good, it shapes technologies, politics, societies and cultural world views. Focussing on a range of energy types, from electricity and oil to bioenergy, this volume analyzes the social, cultural and political concepts and discourses of energy and their implementation and materialization within technical systems, applications, media representations and consumer practice. By examining and connecting production, mediation and consumption aspects from an international and interdisciplinary perspective, the book offers an innovative view on how energy is imagined, discussed, staged and used.

Evolution of Water Supply Through the Millennia

Evolution of Water Supply Through the Millennia
  • Author : Andreas Nikolaos Angelakis,Larry W. Mays,Demetris Koutsoyiannis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9781843395409
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Summary : Evolution of Water Supply Through the Millennia presents the major achievements in the scientific fields of water supply technologies and management throughout the millennia. It provides valuable insights into ancient water supply technologies with their apparent characteristics of durability, adaptability to the environment, and sustainability. A comparison of the water technological developments in several civilizations is undertaken. These technologies are the underpinning of modern achievements in water engineering and management practices. It is the best proof that "the past is the key for the future." Rapid technological progress in the twentieth century created a disregard for past water technologies that were considered to be far behind the present ones. There are a great deal of unresolved problems related to the management principles, such as the decentralization of the processes, the durability of the water projects, the cost effectiveness, and sustainability issues such as protection from floods and droughts. In the developing world, such problems were intensified to an unprecedented degree. Moreover, new problems have arisen such as the contamination of surface and groundwater. Naturally, intensification of unresolved problems led societies to revisit the past and to reinvestigate the successful past achievements. To their surprise, those who attempted this retrospect, based on archaeological, historical, and technical evidence were impressed by two things: the similarity of principles with present ones and the advanced level of water engineering and management practices.

Information and Communication Technologies in Organizations and Society

Information and Communication Technologies in Organizations and Society
  • Author : Francesca Ricciardi,Antoine Harfouche
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-02
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9783319289076
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Summary : This book presents a collection of original research papers focusing on emerging issues regarding the role of information and communication technologies in organizations, inter-organizational systems, and society. It adopts an inter-disciplinary approach, allowing for the integration of contributions from various disciplines such as information systems, organizational studies, marketing, accounting, and social sciences. This book offers valuable insights not only for scholars, but also for practitioners, managers, and policy makers. The book is a compilation of the best research papers – originally double blind, peer-reviewed contributions – presented at the ICTO 2015 conference held in Paris.

Ancient Water Technologies

Ancient Water Technologies
  • Author : L. Mays
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-19
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9048186323
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Summary : There is no more fundamental resource than water. The basis of all life, water is fast becoming a key issue in today’s world, as well as a source of conflict. This fascinating book, which sets out many of the ingenious methods by which ancient societies gathered, transported and stored water, is a timely publication as overextraction and profligacy threaten the existence of aquifers and watercourses that have supplied our needs for millennia. It provides an overview of the water technologies developed by a number of ancient civilizations, from those of Mesopotamia and the Indus valley to later societies such as the Mycenaeans, Minoans, Persians, and the ancient Egyptians. Of course, no book on ancient water technologies would be complete without discussing the engineering feats of the Romans and Greeks, yet as well as covering these key civilizations, it also examines how ancient American societies from the Hohokams to the Mayans and Incas husbanded their water supplies. This unusually wide-ranging text could offer today’s parched world some solutions to the impending crisis in our water supply. "This book provides valuable insights into the water technologies developed in ancient civilizations which are the underpinning of modern achievements in water engineering and management practices. It is the best proof that "the past is the key for the future." Andreas N. Angelakis, Hellenic Water Supply and Sewerage Systems Association, Greece "This book makes a fundamental contribution to what will become the most important challenge of our civilization facing the global crisis: the problem of water. Ancient Water Technologies provides a complete panorama of how ancient societies confronted themselves with the management of water. The role of this volume is to provide, for the first time on this issue, an extensive historical and scientific reconstruction and an indication of how traditional knowledge may be employed to ensure a sustainable future for all." Pietro Laureano, UNESCO expert for ecosystems at risk, Director of IPOGEA-Institute of Traditional Knowledge, Italy

Spinoff, 2011

Spinoff, 2011
  • Author : Lisa Rademakers,Daniel Coleman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02
  • Total pages :219
  • ISBN : 0160898501
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Summary :

Space Technologies for the Benefit of Human Society and Earth

Space Technologies for the Benefit of Human Society and Earth
  • Author : Phillip Olla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-18
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 9781402095733
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Summary : Overview of Space Technology It has been over 50 years since the rst satellite was sent into orbit, and the impact of space technology can be felt in many aspects in our day to day life. In addition to the convenience of knowing exactly where we are on the planet via GPS satellites; or deciding what to pack for a trip based on forecasts from weather satellites; watching CNNinaremotevillageviabroadcasting satellites;therearenowsomecrucialen- ronmental uses of Space technologies in the areas of natural resources management and environmental monitoring. Remotely sensed data reveals an unparallel view of the Earth for systems that require synoptic or periodic observations such as inv- tory control, surveying, agriculture, business, mineralogy, hydrography, geology, land mass cover, land utilization and environment monitoring. The advancement of remote sensing has made remote sensed data more affordable and available to merge with a variety of data sources to create mash-ups. The amalgamation of these data sources into disciplines such as agriculture, urban planning, web applications, cartography, geodetic reference systems, and global navigation satellite systems, are an important advancement of space applications and space science. Space Technology and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) The MDGs are a set of time-bound, measurable goals and targets that are global as well as country-speci c for combating poverty, hunger, diseases, illiteracy, envir- mental degradation and discrimination against women.

International Conflict over Water Resources in Himalayan Asia

International Conflict over Water Resources in Himalayan Asia
  • Author : R. Wirsing,C. Jasparro,D. Stoll
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-16
  • Total pages :273
  • ISBN : 9781137292193
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Summary : The authors explore the fresh water crisis of Himalayan Asia. While the region hosts some of the world's mightiest rivers, it is also home to rapidly modernizing, increasingly affluent, and demographically multiplying societies, ensuring the rapid depletion of water resources and of disputes over ownership of transboundary waters.

A History of Water Rights at Common Law

A History of Water Rights at Common Law
  • Author : Joshua Getzler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 0198265816
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Summary : Water resources were central to England's precocious economic development in the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries, and then again in the industrial, transport, and urban revolutions of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Each of these periods saw a great deal of legal conflict over water rights, often between domestic, agricultural, and manufacturing interests competing for access to flowing water. From 1750 the common-law courts developed a large but unstable body of legal doctrine, specifying strong property rights in flowing water attached to riparian possession, and also limited rights to surface and underground waters. The new water doctrines were built from older concepts of common goods and the natural rights of ownership, deriving from Roman and Civilian law, together with the English sources of Bracton and Blackstone. Water law is one of the most Romanesque parts of English law, demonstrating the extent to which Common and Civilian law have commingled. Water law stands as a refutation of the still-common belief that English and European law parted ways irreversibly in the twelfth century. Getzler also describes the economic as well as the legal history of water use from early times, and examines the classical problem of the relationship between law and economic development. He suggests that water law was shaped both by the impact of technological innovations and by economic ideology, but above all by legalism.

Urban Water Conflicts

Urban Water Conflicts
  • Author : Bernard Barraque
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-02
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9780203877029
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Summary : Urban water conflicts manifested first in Europe in the 19th century and are observed nowadays in various forms throughout the world; in particular, in developing countries. Main causes of these conflicts are characterized by complex socioeconomic and institutional issues related to urban water management. The debate about public water services ver

Transfer of Pollution Prevention Technologies

Transfer of Pollution Prevention Technologies
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design,Committee to Evaluate Transfer of Pollution Prevention Technology for the U.S. Army
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-05-01
  • Total pages :64
  • ISBN : 9780309084024
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Summary : The activities of the Department of Defense (DOD) and its contractors in manufacturing, testing, maintaining, and disposing of military equipment make up a significant portion of the industrial processes conducted in the United States. As is the case with the commercial industries, some of these activities, such as metal plating, have resulted in industrial pollution and environmental contamination. With increasing environmental regulation of such processes in recent decades, defense facilities have been faced with growing compliance issues. Department of Defense efforts to manage, correct, and prevent these problems have included the establishment of the National Defense Center for Environmental Excellence (NDCEE) under the management of the U.S. Army Industrial Ecology Center (IEC). The National Research Council's Committee to Evaluate Transfer of Pollution Prevention Technology for the U.S. Army was formed to identify major barriers to the transfer of pollution prevention technologies and to recommend pathways to success. To address the study objectives, the committee (1) reviewed the NDCEE's technology transfer activities, (2) examined efforts to transfer technology in four areas, two of which were identified at the outset by the NDCEE as successful and two of which were identified as unsuccessful, and (3) identified opportunities for improving the transfer of pollution prevention technologies to maintenance and rework facilities in the Department of Defense and to industrial manufacturing facilities performing defense-related operations.

Precolumbian Water Management

Precolumbian Water Management
  • Author : Lisa Joyce Lucero,Barbara W. Fash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 0816523142
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Summary : Among ancient Mesoamerican and Southwestern peoples, water was as essential as maize for sustenance and was a driving force in the development of complex society. Control of water shaped the political, economic, and religious landscape of the ancient Americas, yet it is often overlooked in Precolumbian studies. Now one volume offers the latest thinking on water systems and their place within the ancient physical and mental language of the region. Precolumbian Water Management examines water management from both economic and symbolic perspectives. Water management facilities, settlement patterns, shrines, and water-related imagery associated with civic-ceremonial and residential architecture provide evidence that water systems pervade all aspects of ancient society. Through analysis of such data, the contributors seek to combine an understanding of imagery and the religious aspects of water with its functional components, thereby presenting a unified perspective of how water was conceived, used, and represented in ancient greater Mesoamerica. The collection boasts broad chronological and geographical coverageÑfrom the irrigation networks of Teotihuacan to the use of ritual water technology at Casas GrandesÑthat shows how procurement and storage systems were adapted to local conditions. The articles consider the mechanisms that were used to build upon the sacredness of water to enhance political authority through time and space and show that water was not merely an essential natural resource but an important spiritual one as well, and that its manipulation was socially far more complex than might appear at first glance. As these papers reveal, an understanding of materials associated with water can contribute much to the ways that archaeologists study ancient cultural systems. Precolumbian Water Management underscores the importance of water management research and the need to include it in archaeological projects of all types.

Natural and Anthropogenic Disasters

Natural and Anthropogenic Disasters
  • Author : M.K. Jha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-20
  • Total pages :615
  • ISBN : 9048124980
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Summary : The major challenges of the 21st century faced by human beings are how to achieve water security, food security, energy security and environmental security. Owing to enhanced natural/anthropogenic disasters worldwide, these challenges become much more complicated and daunting especially for developing countries. Therefore, it is important to highlight the risk of different disasters as well as the modern tools and techniques for minimizing disaster incidence and losses. Disaster management being highly multidisciplinary in nature, a comprehensive book dealing with different aspects of disaster management, and encompassing important disasters faced by humankind is presently not available. This book is an attempt to fulfill this gap. It provides clear, comprehensive, and up-to-date information about different facets of disaster management along with salient case studies. The book highlights the current status of disaster management focusing on developing nations, discusses vital issues such as climate change and sustainable development, modern approaches and tools/techniques, and the challenges of and future R&D needs for sustainable disaster management.

Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture VI

Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture VI
  • Author : Daoliang Li,Yingyi Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-26
  • Total pages :487
  • ISBN : 9783642361371
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Summary : The two-volume set IFIP AICT 392 and 393 constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 6th IFIP TC 5, SIG 5.1 International Conference on Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture, CCTA 2012, held in Zhangjiajie, China, in October 2012. The 108 revised papers presented were carefully selected from numerous submissions. They cover a wide range of interesting theories and applications of information technology in agriculture, including Internet of things and cloud computing; simulation models and decision-support systems for agricultural production; smart sensor, monitoring, and control technology; traceability and e-commerce technology; computer vision, computer graphics, and virtual reality; the application of information and communication technology in agriculture; and universal information service technology and service systems development in rural areas. The 55 papers included in the second volume focus on GIS, GPS, RS, and Precision Farming.

Technologies for a Greenhouse-Constrained Society

Technologies for a Greenhouse-Constrained Society
  • Author : Michael A. Kuliasha,Alexander Zucker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-03-17
  • Total pages :928
  • ISBN : 087371797X
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Summary : This timely book presents strategies for mitigation of the greenhouse effect. It provides practical counter measures to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Key substitute technologies discussed include energy efficiency and conservation, biomass, and nuclear energy. These technologies are both mature and can be applied on a large scale. Important concepts can apply to other technologies as well. Technologies for a Greenhouse-Constrained Society will help scientists and engineers identify the technological and policy actions needed to counteract the greenhouse effect. Solutions are aimed at both developed and developing countries. Technologies for a Greenhouse-Constrained Society will appeal to environmental engineers and scientists, meteorologists, social scientists, geologists, educators, fuel engineers, energy engineers, economists, and others interested in this field.

The Edwards Aquifer

The Edwards Aquifer
  • Author : John M. Sharp Jr.,Ronald T. Green,Geary M. Schindel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-04
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780813712154
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Summary : "One of the world's great karstic aquifer systems, the Edwards aquifer system supplies water for more than 2 million people and for agricultural, municipal, industrial, and recreational uses. This volume reviews the current state of knowledge, current and emerging challenges to wise use of the aquifer system, and some technologies that must be adopted to address these challenges"--

Water and Society in Early Medieval Italy, AD 400-1000

Water and Society in Early Medieval Italy, AD 400-1000
  • Author : Paolo Squatriti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-08-22
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 0521522064
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Summary : A discussion of the relationship between people and water in medieval Italy, first published in 1998.

Local Environmental Change and Society in Africa

Local Environmental Change and Society in Africa
  • Author : M.A. Salih
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :225
  • ISBN : 9789401010030
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Summary : The Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA) is a network of social scientists in the sub-region established in 1980. Its main objectives are to encourage and promote interest; to engage in collaborative research; to facilitate scholarly exchange of ideas and publication between individuals and institutions engaged in the study and research in the social sciences. OSSREA also aims to promote the training of social scientists from the sub-region in the study of and research in the social sciences and to encourage establishment of institutions dedicated to this goal. In pursuance of and consistent with its objectives, OSSREA established a fund to provide research grants and training fellowships to social scientists from the sub-region. Every year OSSREA offers, on a competitive basis, two limited types of research grants: the first on topics related to the social sciences in general and the second on gender issues in particular. The grants assist the social scientists to conduct field research in an eastern or southern African country, society, institutions, sector, or problem area. The objectives of the social science competition are intended to encourage and promote upcoming scholars from the sub-region to conduct research in the social, economic, political or other problems. Moreover, it aims to strengthen and raise the capacity of faculty members and students in field research, and promote the subsequent availability of research fmdings for teaching as well as to inform individuals and institutions.

Geospatial Tools for Urban Water Resources

Geospatial Tools for Urban Water Resources
  • Author : Patrick L. Lawrence
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-04
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 9789400747340
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Summary : This book examines the application of geotechniques to address a wide range of issues facing urban water resources. Growing populations leading to urbanization and related development have lead to problems associated with water quality, storm water management, flood control, environmental health, and related ecosystem impacts. Major cities and other urban areas are facing challenges in addressing the implications of impacts to water resources. Recent innovations in geotechnologies, including Geographic Information Science (GIS), remote sensing, and other spatial tools and techniques, provide great opportunities and potential to assist in dealing with these problems. This volume provides a series of case studies that examine the application of new methods and approaches in a range of geotechnologies as utilized to better understand and resolve urban water resource concerns in communities throughout the world. Computer based mapping, spatial analysis, satellite imagery, decision support systems, web based applications, aerial photography, and other methods are highlighted by their development and application. The research presented in this volume will provide for an excellent source of knowledge and learning to assist professionals, experts, and students with a better understanding of how the use of geotechnologies can be used to assist urban communities to address water resource challenges.

Negotiating Water Governance

Negotiating Water Governance
  • Author : Emma S. Norman,Christina Cook,Alice Cohen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-28
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781409467922
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Summary : Those who control water, hold power. Complicating matters, water is a flow resource; constantly changing states between liquid, solid, and gas, being incorporated into living and non-living things and crossing boundaries of all kinds. As a result, water governance has much to do with the question of boundaries and scale: who is in and who is out of decision-making structures? Which of the many boundaries that water crosses should be used for decision-making related to its governance? Recently, efforts to understand the relationship between water and political boundaries have come to the fore of water governance debates: how and why does water governance fragment across sectors and governmental departments? How can we govern shared waters more effectively? How do politics and power play out in water governance? This book brings together and connects the work of scholars to engage with such questions. The introduction of scalar debates into water governance discussions is a significant advancement of both governance studies and scalar theory: decision-making with respect to water is often, implicitly, a decision about scale and its related politics. When water managers or scholars explore municipal water service delivery systems, argue that integrated approaches to salmon stewardship are critical to their survival, query the damming of a river to provide power to another region and investigate access to potable water - they are deliberating the politics of scale. Accessible, engaging, and informative, the volume offers an overview and advancement of both scalar and governance studies while examining practical solutions to the challenges of water governance.

Customer Acceptance of Water Main Structural Reliability

Customer Acceptance of Water Main Structural Reliability
  • Author : Nimmi Damodaran,Joanna Pratt,John Cromwell,Jeffrey Lazo,Elizabeth David
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :235
  • ISBN : 9781583213926
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Summary : This book reports on an evaluation approach for utilities to use to assess customer perceptions, attitudes, and expectations for water system reliability; their tolerance to service disruptions and construction impacts; and their willingness to pay for expected levels of service. Strategies discussed include methods for assessing customers' perceptions and expectations, costs of infrastructure strategies, how to incorporate external costs, and a plan to communicate with customers. This book reports on an evaluation approach for utilities to use to assess customer perceptions, attitudes, and expectations for water system reliability; their tolerance to service disruptions and construction impacts; and their willingness to pay for expected levels of service. Strategies discussed include methods for assessing customers' perceptions and expectations, costs of infrastructure strategies, how to incorporate external costs, and a plan to communicate with customers.