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Wheat and Barley Grain Biofortification

Wheat and Barley Grain Biofortification
  • Author : Om Prakash Gupta,Vanita Pandey,Sneh Narwal,Pradeep Sharma,Sewa Ram,Gyanendra Pratap Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-19
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9780128184455
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Summary : Wheat and Barley Grain Biofortification addresses topics associated with the alleviation of malnutrition in globally diverse populations via wheat and barley biofortification. The book synthesizes the current trends of malnutrition across the globe, the need for wheat and barley nutritional enhancement and how agronomic, microbial and molecular understanding of biofortification can help in devising significant approaches and strategies. In addition, it includes discussions on potential genetic variability available and their efficient utilization in wheat and barley for molecular breeding for nutrients, challenges and opportunities for bioavailability, and technical advancement for analysis of bioavailability. Addresses the need for wheat and barley biofortification to address global nutrition demands Places emphasis on the current agronomic and molecular understanding of biofortification Discusses the potential utilization of genetic variability Highlights the economics of biofortification over fortification technology

Use of Barley and Wheat Reference Sequences: Downstream Applications in Breeding, Gene Isolation, GWAS and Evolution

Use of Barley and Wheat Reference Sequences: Downstream Applications in Breeding, Gene Isolation, GWAS and Evolution
  • Author : Dragan Perovic,Hikmet Budak,Kazuhiro Sato,Pierre Sourdille
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-27
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889639632
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Summary :

Wheat Quality For Improving Processing And Human Health

Wheat Quality For Improving Processing And Human Health
  • Author : Gilberto Igrejas,Tatsuya M. Ikeda,Carlos Guzmán
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-17
  • Total pages :557
  • ISBN : 9783030341633
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Summary : Wheat Quality for Improving Processing and Human Health brings together an international group of leading wheat scientists to outline highly relevant and diverse aspects and the latest advances in understanding of the world’s most consumed cereal. Topics covered include LMW glutenins, starch-related proteins, and the impact of processing on composition and consumer health. Individual chapters focus on important factors such as FODMAPs, protein structure, dough viscoelasticity and fumonisins. The environmental effects on allergen content are comprehensively covered, as are phenolic compounds and molecular markers. The major quality screening tools and genetic resources are reviewed in depth. Gluten is a major focus of this work with chapters dedicated to health effects, analytical methods and standards, proteomics and mutant proteins. Starting in 2015, wheat quality scientists from across the globe have united to develop the Expert Working Group for Improving Wheat Quality for Processing and Health under the umbrella of the Wheat Initiative. This joint effort provides a framework to establish strategic research and organisation priorities for wheat research at the international level in both developed and developing countries. This Expert Working Group aims to maintain and improve wheat quality for processing and health under varying environmental conditions. The Group focuses on a broad range of wheat quality issues including seed proteins, carbohydrates, nutrition quality and micronutrient content, grain processing and food safety. Bioactive compounds are also considered, both those with negative effects such as allergens and mycotoxins, and those with positive effects such as antioxidants and fibre. The Group also works in the development of germplasm sets and other tools that promote wheat quality research. Wheat quality specialists working on the wheat value chain, and nutritionists will find this book a useful resource to increase and update their knowledge of wheat quality, nutrition and health issues.

Food Biofortification Technologies

Food Biofortification Technologies
  • Author : Agnieszka Saeid
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-22
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781351230834
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Summary : Biofortification, which can be defined as the process of increasing the content/density of essential nutrients and/or its bioavailability of food with valuable compounds, is a promising means of increasing nutrient intakes. Traditional fortification practices in which exogenous nutrients are added to food can increase the content of nutrients but the use of biofortified foods with nutrients also may deliver the compounds in a more available form, as well as boost the overall relative effectiveness of these foods in raising nutrients status. Food Biofortification Technologies presents the state of the art in the field of novel methods of fortification and agricultural treatments as a way to improve the quality of obtained food products or compounds enriched with valuable nutrients. The book deals with fortification methods and agricultural treatments, which can improve the quality of food products or other agricultural compounds, providing them with a higher density of valuable nutrients. The utilization of novel products, such as feed additives and fertilizers, can avert nutrients depletion in food products. The book describes new and conventional methods of introducing valuable compounds into food components and presents the application of biosorption, bioaccumulation, and utilization of fertilizers in obtaining designer food. Attention is paid to the use of biomass as the carrier of nutrients such as microelements into the food components. The chapters are dedicated to specific food products and their nutrient components. The first chapter discusses the agronomic biofortification with micronutrients where the fertilization strategies are pointed out as a key to plant/cereals fortification. Other chapters present the fortification of animal foodstuffs such as meat, fish, milk, and eggs as well as the fortification of plant foodstuffs such as vegetables, fruits, and cereals. The book also explores advances in food fortification with vitamins and co-vitamins, essential minerals, essential fatty and amino acids, phytonutrients, and enzymes.

Sulphur in Agroecosystems

Sulphur in Agroecosystems
  • Author : E. Schnug
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-07-31
  • Total pages :221
  • ISBN : 0792351231
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Summary : This is the second volume in the series Nutrients in Ecosystems. Sulphur as an essential plant nutrient has received little scientific attention. This book cannot be an encyclopedia of S in all the media mentioned nor in all ecozones of the globe. However, it aims to give an overview about our present knowledge with a special focus on the S situation in agrosystems of industrialised Western Europe.

Phytic Acid and Mineral Biofortification Strategies

Phytic Acid and Mineral Biofortification Strategies
  • Author : Eleonora Cominelli,Francesca Sparvoli,Roberto Pilu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-15
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 9783039362028
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Summary : Two billion people worldwide, mainly in developing countries, where diets are based on the consumption of staple crops, suffer from mineral deficiencies, particularly for iron and zinc. Mineral biofortification includes different strategies aimed to increase mineral concentration and to improve mineral availability from the diet (mineral bioavailability) in the edible parts of plants, particularly the seeds. Phytic acid is a compound that strongly reduces mineral bioavailability as, being highly negatively charged, it strongly binds cations, acting as a magnet. All the contributions in this book aim to describe new results, review the literature, and comment on some of the economic and sociological aspects concerning mineral biofortification research. A number of contributions are related to the study of mineral transport, seed accumulation, and approaches to increase seed micronutrient concentration. The remaining ones are mainly focused on the study of low phytic acid mutants.

From soil to seed: micronutrient movement into and within the plant

From soil to seed: micronutrient movement into and within the plant
  • Author : Raul Antonio Sperotto,Felipe Klein Ricachenevsky,Lorraine Elizabeth Williams,Marta Wilton Vasconcelos,Paloma Koprovski Menguer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-19
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889193516
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Summary : In all living organisms, essential micronutrients are cofactors of many ubiquitous proteins that participate in crucial metabolic pathways, but can also be toxic when present in excessive concentrations. In order to achieve correct homeostasis, plants need to control uptake of metals from the environment, their distribution to organs and tissues, and their subcellular compartmentalization. They also have to avoid deleterious accumulation of metals and metalloids such as Cd, As and Al. These multiple steps are controlled by their transport across various membrane structures and their storage in different organelles. Thus, integration of these transport systems required for micronutrient trafficking within the plant is necessary for physiological processes to work efficiently. To cope with the variable availability of micronutrients, plants have evolved an intricate collection of physiological and developmental processes, which are under tight control of short- and long-range signaling pathways. Understanding how plants perceive and deal with different micronutrient concentrations, from regulation to active transport, is important to completing the puzzle of plant metal homeostasis. This is an essential area of research, with several implications for plant biology, agriculture and human nutrition. There is a rising interest in developing plants that efficiently mobilize specific metals and prosper in soils with limited micronutrient availability, as well as those that can selectively accumulate beneficial micronutrients in the edible parts while avoiding contaminants such as Cd and As. However, there is still an important gap in our understanding of how nutrients reach the seeds and the relative contribution of each step in the long pathway from the rhizosphere to the seed. Possible rate-limiting steps for micronutrient accumulation in grains should be the primary targets of biotechnological interventions aiming at biofortification. Over the last 10 years, many micronutrient uptake- and transport-related processes have been identified at the molecular and physiological level. The systematic search for mutants and transcriptional responses has allowed analysis of micronutrient-signaling pathways at the cellular level, whereas physiological approaches have been particularly useful in describing micronutrient-signaling processes at the organ and whole-plant level. Large-scale elemental profiling using high-throughput analytical methodologies and their integration with both bioinformatics and genetic tools, along with metal speciation, have been used to decipher the functions of genes that control micronutrients homeostasis. In this research topic, we will follow the pathway of metal movement from the soil to the seed and describe the suggested roles of identified gene products in an effort to understand how plants acquire micronutrients from the soil, how they partition among different tissues and subcellular organelles, and how they regulate their deficiency and overload responses. We also highlight the current work on heavy metals and metalloids uptake and accumulation, the studies on metal selectivity in transporters and the cross-talk between micro and macronutrients. Thus, we believe a continued dialogue and sharing of ideas amongst plant scientists is critical to a better understanding of metal movement into and within the plant.

Biofortification of Food Crops

Biofortification of Food Crops
  • Author : Ummed Singh,C S Praharaj,S S Singh,N P Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-22
  • Total pages :492
  • ISBN : 9788132227168
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Summary : The chapters presented in this book ‘Biofortification of Food Crops’ depict how agricultural technological interventions have true role in alleviating malnutrition. This book highlights the role of multidisciplinary approaches to cope up with the challenges of micronutrient malnutrition or hidden hunger which is an alarming public health issue in most parts of the world including India. In this endeavour, different biofortification approaches such as agronomic (or ferti-fortification), breeding, biotechnological, physiological, microbial etc. has fulfilled their different mandates of nutrient enrichment of food crops including cereals and pulses. The contents of the book proves that biofortified plants have adequate potential to nourish nutrient depleted soils, help increase crop productivity and provide nutritional benefits to plants, humans and livestock. The content and quality of information presented in this book will definitely provide multiple novel ideas of advance techniques and will stimulate innovative thoughts and directions amongst researchers and policy makers in the field of biofortification. In addition, the contributions presented in the book will be a good source of background knowledge and technical know-how to educate the readers about biofortification. The authors hope that the book entitled “Biofortification of Food Crops” would provide a suitable platform in our collective efforts for an appropriate dialogue among the scientists, researchers, entrepreneurs, policy makers and farmers in reducing the budding issues of malnutrition through novel approaches and means.

Advances in Agronomy

Advances in Agronomy
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-11
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9780128003596
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Summary : Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. As always, the subjects covered are varied and exemplary of the myriad of subject matter dealt with by this long-running serial. Maintains the highest impact factor among serial publications in agriculture Presents timely reviews on important agronomy issues Enjoys a long-standing reputation for excellence in the field

Wheat Improvement, Management and Utilization

Wheat Improvement, Management and Utilization
  • Author : Ruth Wanyera,James Owuoche
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-24
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9789535131519
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Summary : The Wheat Improvement, Management, and Utilization book covers some of the most recent research areas that touch on enhancement of wheat productivity. It is obvious that wheat is one of the major staple crops grown globally. This crop has widely been researched on considering that, for instance, it is afflicted by various abiotic and biotic stresses that limit its growth and productivity. Today?s goal of wheat improvement consistently is to develop varieties that are high yielding with good processing and technological qualities, well adapted and tolerant to prevailing biotic and abiotic stresses. Therefore, this is a valuable reference book on wheat improvement, agronomy, and end-use qualities, particularly for those who work in research organizations and higher academic institutions. Moreover, it provides an invaluable resource for readers interested in a quick review of trending topics in wheat.

Development and Uses of Biofortified Agricultural Products

Development and Uses of Biofortified Agricultural Products
  • Author : Gary S. Banuelos,Zhi-Qing Lin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-23
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 1420060066
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Summary : Although ending world hunger remains the most important goal, increasingly the focus is on simultaneously improving world malnutrition. Paradoxically, nutritionally important trace elements essential for human health are both deficient and over-abundant in soils in many regions of the world. Using a multidisciplinary approach, Development and Uses of Biofortified Agricultural Products provides new strategies and techniques for the production of biofortified agricultural products from different soils. Seventeen contributors from twelve countries explore the effects of environmental and biological factors on the accumulation and speciation of nutritionally important trace elements in agricultural products. They explore novel strategies regarding the functional foods and animal feed and other forms of biofortified agricultural products. The text addresses alternative biosources and bioproducts produced from phytoremediation processes as well as the bioavailability and the effects of bioproduct compounds. The editors comprehensively synthesize the ever-mounting body of new information on biofortification, including theoretical, practical, and practiced agricultural-based strategies in micronutrient management and improvement in different types of soils. The book provides a unique and useful platform to further the understanding of nutritionally important trace elements in the context of biogeochemistry, food chain transfer, and health-related issues.

Cereal Grains for the Food and Beverage Industries

Cereal Grains for the Food and Beverage Industries
  • Author : Elke K Arendt,Emanuele Zannini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-09
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9780857098924
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Summary : Cereals are a staple of the human diet and have a significant effect on health. As a result, they are of major significance to the food industry. Cereal grains for the food and beverage industries provides a comprehensive overview of all of the important cereal and pseudo-cereal species, from their composition to their use in food products. The book reviews the major cereal species, starting with wheat and triticale before covering rye, barley and oats. It goes on to discuss other major species such as rice, maize, sorghum and millet, as well as pseudo-cereals such as buckwheat, quinoa and amaranth. Each chapter reviews grain structure, chemical composition (including carbohydrate and protein content), processing and applications in food and beverage products. Cereal grains for the food and beverage industries is an essential reference for academic researchers interested in the area of cereal grains and products. It is also an invaluable reference for professionals in the food and beverage industry working with cereal products, including ingredient manufacturers, food technologists, nutritionists, as well as policy-makers and health care professionals. A comprehensive overview of all of the important cereal and pseudo-cereal species Chapters review each of the following species: Wheat, Maize, Rice, Barley, Triticale, Rye, Oats, Sorghum, Millet, Teff, Buckwheat, Quinoa and Amaranth Reviews grain structure, chemical composition, processing and applications in food and beverage products for each of the considered grains

Molecular Advances in Wheat and Barley

Molecular Advances in Wheat and Barley
  • Author : Manuel Martinez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-20
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9783039213719
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Summary : Allohexaploid bread wheat and diploid barley are two of the most cultivated crops in the world. This book reports novel research and reviews concerning the use of modern technologies to understand the molecular bases for wheat and barley improvement. The contributions published in this book illustrate research advances in wheat and barley knowledge using modern molecular techniques. These molecular approaches cover genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, and phenomic levels, together with new tools for gene identification and the development of novel molecular markers. Overall, the contributions for this book lead to a further understanding of regulatory systems in order to improve wheat and barley performance.

Rice Crop

Rice Crop
  • Author : Farooq Shah,Zafar Khan,Amjad Iqbal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-05
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9781789236002
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Summary : Rice is a staple crop in many coastal and non-coastal areas of the globe and requires a large production area. With the increasing trends in population , it is pivotal to increase the production of this important crop for sustainability. The introduction of high-yielding rice cultivars through molecular breeding is one of the possibilities that can ensure sustainability. Additionally, development of new biotic and abiotic stress-resistant cultivars with higher nutritional value can revolutionize the rice industry.

Genetic and Genomic Resources for Grain Cereals Improvement

Genetic and Genomic Resources for Grain Cereals Improvement
  • Author : Mohar Singh,Hari D. Upadhyaya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-10
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128020371
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Summary : Genetic and Genomic Resources For Cereals Improvement is the first book to bring together the latest available genetic resources and genomics to facilitate the identification of specific germplasm, trait mapping, and allele mining that are needed to more effectively develop biotic and abiotic-stress-resistant grains. As grain cereals, including rice, wheat, maize, barley, sorghum, and millets constitute the bulk of global diets, both of vegetarian and non-vegetarian, there is a greater need for further genetic improvement, breeding, and plant genetic resources to secure the future food supply. This book is an invaluable resource for researchers, crop biologists, and students working with crop development and the changes in environmental climate that have had significant impact on crop production. It includes the latest information on tactics that ensure that environmentally robust genes and crops resilient to climate change are identified and preserved. Provides a single-volume resource on the global research work on grain cereals genetics and genomics Presents information for effectively managing and utilizing the genetic resources of this core food supply source Includes coverage of rice, wheat, maize, barley, sorghum, and pearl, finger and foxtail millets

Improving Cereal Productivity through Climate Smart Practices

Improving Cereal Productivity through Climate Smart Practices
  • Author : Sindhu sareen,Pradeep Sharma,Charan Singh,Poonam Jasrotia,Gyanendra Pratap Singh,Ashok Kumar Sarial
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-27
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9780128226308
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Summary : Improving Cereal Productivity through Climate Smart Practices is based on the presentations of the 4th International Group Meeting on "Wheat productivity enhancement through climate smart practices," and moves beyond the presentations to provide additional depth and breadth on this important topic. Focused specifically on wheat, and with chapters contributed by globally renowned pioneers in the field of cereal science, the book helps readers understand climate change and its effects on different aspects of wheat production in different parts of the world. This book will be important for those in research and industry seeking to contribute to the effective feeding of the world’s population. Encompasses the possible impact of climate change and future strategies to enhance wheat production on a sustainable basis Explores the genetic manipulation of wheat to mitigate the effects of climate change Includes both biotic and abiotic stresses and their management under changing climate

Sprouted Grains

Sprouted Grains
  • Author : Hao Feng,Boris Nemzer,Jonathan W. Devries
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-11
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9780128115268
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Summary : Sprouted Grains: Nutritional Value, Production and Applications is a complete and comprehensive overview of sprouted grains, with coverage from grain to product. Sections includes discussions on the process of grain germination from both a genetic and physiological perspective, the nutrients and bioactive compounds present in spouted grains, and the equipment and technical innovation of use to manufacturers of sprouted grains and sprouted grain products. This book is essential reading for cereal science academics and postgraduate students interested in the subject of cereal processing, but is also ideal for industrial product developers in cereal companies. This edited volume brings together the world’s leading researchers on sprouted grains. Presents the nutrient and bioactive components of these healthy grains Provides extensive coverage of products developed from sprouted grains Includes contributions from an International team of both academic and industrial authors Covers the equipment and technology used in grain processing

Nourishing millions: Stories of change in nutrition: Synopsis

Nourishing millions: Stories of change in nutrition: Synopsis
  • Author : Yosef, Sivan,Pandya-Lorch, Rajul
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-29
  • Total pages :4
  • ISBN : 9780896299900
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Summary : In recent years, the world has seen unprecedented attention and political commitment to addressing malnutrition. Milestones such as the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement, the Lancet Maternal and Child Nutrition Series, and the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) have marked the rapid rise of nutrition on the global policy and research agenda. These developments reverse years of relative neglect for nutrition. Undernutrition is a global challenge with huge social and economic costs. It kills millions of young children annually, stunts growth, erodes child development, reduces the amount of schooling children attain, and increases the likelihood of their being poor as adults, if they survive. Stunting persists through a lifetime and beyond—underweight mothers are more likely to give birth to underweight children, perpetuating undernutrition across generations. Undernutrition reduces global gross domestic product by US$1.4–$2.1 trillion a year—the size of the total economy of Africa south of the Sahara.

Micronutrients and the Nutrient Status of Soils

Micronutrients and the Nutrient Status of Soils
  • Author : Mikko Sillanpää
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982
  • Total pages :444
  • ISBN : 9251011931
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Summary :

Breeding for Staple Food Crops with High Micronutrient Density

Breeding for Staple Food Crops with High Micronutrient Density
  • Author : Robin David Graham,Ross M. Welch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :79
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Recent Advances in Trace Elements

Recent Advances in Trace Elements
  • Author : Katarzyna Chojnacka,Agnieszka Saeid
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-23
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 9781119133803
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Summary : Comprehensive and multidisciplinary presentation of the current trends in trace elements for human, animals, plants, and the environment This reference provides the latest research into the presence, characterization, and applications of trace elements and their role in humans, animals, and plants as well as their use in developing novel, functional feeds, foods, and fertilizers. It takes an interdisciplinary approach to the subject, describing the biological and industrial applications of trace elements. It covers various topics, such as the occurrence, role, and monitoring of trace elements and their characterization, as well as applications from the preliminary research to laboratory trials. Recent Advances in Trace Elements focuses on the introduction and prospects of trace elements; tackles environmental aspects such as sources of emission, methods of monitoring, and treatment/remediation processes; goes over the biological role of trace elements in plants, animals, and human organisms; and discusses the relevance of biomedical applications and commercialization. A compendium of recent knowledge in interdisciplinary trace element research Uniquely covers production and characterization of trace elements, as well as the industrial and biomedical aspects of their use Paves the way for the development of innovative products in diverse fields, including pharmaceuticals, food, environment, and materials science Edited by well-known experts in the field of trace elements with contributions from international specialists from a wide range of areas Unique in presenting comprehensive and multidisciplinary information of the key aspects of trace elements research in a digestible form, this book is essential reading for the novice and expert in the fields of environmental science, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, materials science, pharmaceutical science, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical sciences. It is also valuable for companies that implement new products incorporating trace elements to the market.