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When Culture Impacts Health

When Culture Impacts Health
  • Author : Cathy Banwell,Stanley Ulijaszek,Jane Dixon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-25
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9780124159433
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Summary : Bringing the hard-to-quantify aspects of lived experience to analysis, and emphasizing what might be lost in interventions if cultural insights are absent, this book includes case studies from across the Asia and Pacific regions –Bangladesh, Malaysia, New Guinea, Indonesia, Thailand, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Tuvalu and the Cook Islands. When Culture Impacts Health offers conceptual, methodological and practical insights into understanding and successfully mediating cultural influences to address old and new public health issues including safe water delivery, leprosy, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and body image. It contains useful methodological tools – how to map cultural consensus, measure wealth capital, conduct a cultural economy audit, for example. It provides approaches for discerning between ethnic and racial constructs and for conducting research among indigenous peoples. The book will be indispensible for culture and health researchers in all regions. Discusses global application of case descriptions Demonstrates how a cultural approach to health research enriches and informs our understanding of intractable public health problems Covers methods and measurements applicable to a variety of cultural research approaches as well as actual research results Case studies include medical anthropology, cultural epidemiology, cultural history and social medicine perspectives

Communities in Action

Communities in Action
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-27
  • Total pages :582
  • ISBN : 9780309452960
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Summary : In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Children's Health, the Nation's Wealth

Children's Health, the Nation's Wealth
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Evaluation of Children's Health
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-10-18
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 0309166608
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Summary : Children's health has clearly improved over the past several decades. Significant and positive gains have been made in lowering rates of infant mortality and morbidity from infectious diseases and accidental causes, improved access to health care, and reduction in the effects of environmental contaminants such as lead. Yet major questions still remain about how to assess the status of children's health, what factors should be monitored, and the appropriate measurement tools that should be used. Children's Health, the Nation's Wealth: Assessing and Improving Child Health provides a detailed examination of the information about children's health that is needed to help policy makers and program providers at the federal, state, and local levels. In order to improve children's health -- and, thus, the health of future generations -- it is critical to have data that can be used to assess both current conditions and possible future threats to children's health. This compelling book describes what is known about the health of children and what is needed to expand the knowledge. By strategically improving the health of children, we ensure healthier future generations to come.

Health Literacy

Health Literacy
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health,Committee on Health Literacy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-06-29
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 0309133319
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Summary : To maintain their own health and the health of their families and communities, consumers rely heavily on the health information that is available to them. This information is at the core of the partnerships that patients and their families forge with today’s complex modern health systems. This information may be provided in a variety of forms â€" ranging from a discussion between a patient and a health care provider to a health promotion advertisement, a consent form, or one of many other forms of health communication common in our society. Yet millions of Americans cannot understand or act upon this information. To address this problem, the field of health literacy brings together research and practice from diverse fields including education, health services, and social and cultural sciences, and the many organizations whose actions can improve or impede health literacy. Health Literacy: Prescription to End Confusion examines the body of knowledge that applies to the field of health literacy, and recommends actions to promote a health literate society. By examining the extent of limited health literacy and the ways to improve it, we can improve the health of individuals and populations.

Unequal Treatment:

Unequal Treatment:
  • Author : Committee on Understanding and Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-06
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9780309082655
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Summary : Racial and ethnic disparities in health care are known to reflect access to care and other issues that arise from differing socioeconomic conditions. There is, however, increasing evidence that even after such differences are accounted for, race and ethnicity remain significant predictors of the quality of health care received. In Unequal Treatment, a panel of experts documents this evidence and explores how persons of color experience the health care environment. The book examines how disparities in treatment may arise in health care systems and looks at aspects of the clinical encounter that may contribute to such disparities. Patients' and providers' attitudes, expectations, and behavior are analyzed. How to intervene? Unequal Treatment offers recommendations for improvements in medical care financing, allocation of care, availability of language translation, community-based care, and other arenas. The committee highlights the potential of cross-cultural education to improve provider-patient communication and offers a detailed look at how to integrate cross-cultural learning within the health professions. The book concludes with recommendations for data collection and research initiatives. Unequal Treatment will be vitally important to health care policymakers, administrators, providers, educators, and students as well as advocates for people of color.

Jarvis's Health Assessment and Physical Examination - E-Book

Jarvis's Health Assessment and Physical Examination - E-Book
  • Author : Helen Forbes,Elizabeth Watt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-29
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9780729587938
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Summary : The third edition of Jarvis's Health Assessment and Physical Examination is an ideal text for undergraduate nursing students new to health assessment and registered nurses wishing to further develop and refine their skills. Advanced health assessment skills are described and will be useful for Nurse Practitioner candidates. The textbook is colour-coded and easy to follow. Each chapter sets out the eight key elements of health assessment: structure and function, developmental considerations, social and cultural considerations, subjective data, objective data, promoting a healthy lifestyle, documentation and critical thinking and abnormal findings. Advanced concepts allow students to progress once they understand the basics. Edited by Helen Forbes and Elizabeth Watt, this comprehensive text has been adapted and updated by leading academics and expert clinicians across Australia and New Zealand. Comprehensive approaches to health assessment in nursing, incorporating anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology Detailed identification of relevant development, social and cultural considerations in the Australian and New Zealand context Increased focus on frameworks for health assessment Logical layout and colour coding to support learning An eBook included in all print purchases Additional resources on Evolve eBook on VitalSource Instructor resources: Test bank PPT slides Image collection Student and Instructor resources: Multiple choice review questions Weblinks Videos Increased content on screening for family violence and abuse and mental health assessment A suite of point of view videos demonstrating core health assessment techniques for some of the difficult skills and concepts related to health assessment examinations

International Studies

International Studies
  • Author : Scott Straus,Barry Driscoll
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-26
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9781071814369
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Summary : The challenge of teaching international studies is to help students think coherently about the multiple causes and effects of global problems. In International Studies: Global Forces, Interactions, and Tensions, award-winning scholars Scott Straus and Barry Driscoll introduce students to the foundations of the course; the major actors, institutions and theories; as well as the contemporary problems that will matter most to students. In the fully updated Second Edition, the authors give students a clear framework that pinpoints how key factors—forces, interactions, and tensions—contribute to current world events and global problems like human rights abuses, economic inequality, pandemic and global health responses, and food security. The book raises the bar for the Introduction to International Studies course and is relevant to students from a wide variety of backgrounds with diverse interests in geography, sociology, political science, and anthropology. Included with this text The online resources for your text are available via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site. Learn more.

Health Systems Thinking

Health Systems Thinking
  • Author : James A. Johnson,Douglas E. Anderson,Caren C. Rossow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-15
  • Total pages :130
  • ISBN : 9781284167146
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Summary : This book is a primer focusing on systems thinking as it spans the domains of health administration, public health, and clinical practice. Currently, the accrediting commissions within public health, health administration, and nursing are including systems thinking as part of the core competencies in their respective fields and professions. Meanwhile, academic programs do not have the materials, other than journal articles, to give students the requisite understanding of systems thinking as is expected of the next generation of health professionals. This primer is designed to meet that void and serve as a supplemental reading for this important and timely topic. This is the only book of its kind that provides a broad introduction and demonstration of the application of health systems thinking.

Pediatric Health Conditions in Schools

Pediatric Health Conditions in Schools
  • Author : Allison G. Dempsey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-25
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780190687281
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Summary : As the rates of chronic health conditions in childhood increase, school-based professionals regularly encounter children with chronic health conditions in the school setting. Students with chronic health conditions often require accommodations, assessment, intervention, and close collaboration with medical providers and families. However, most school-based clinicians (school psychologists, counselors, social workers) responsible for addressing the special needs of these children have no prior experience and have never taken coursework related to common pediatric conditions. Pediatric Health Conditions in Schools is a practical guide for school-based clinicians working with children with chronic health issues. Section I provides a broad overview of school-related issues for working with children with long-term health problems. This includes a review of common medical conditions and terminology and cross-cutting issues related to social, emotional, and academic functioning, as well as the role of the school-based professional in collaborating across systems of care. This section also reviews legal and policy issues, as well as alternative educational settings for students with chronic health needs. Section II focuses on prevention, assessment, intervention, and consultations strategies for both individual students and entire school systems. Finally, Section III includes chapters for common groups of medical conditions. Each chapter provides an overview of the condition(s), common school-related concerns, risk and protective factors and cultural considerations, and includes practical strategies, resources, and handouts for the school-based professional. Case examples are used throughout the book to illustrate key concepts and implications for the school setting.

Forest Bathing

Forest Bathing
  • Author : Dr. Qing Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-17
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780525559863
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Summary : The definitive guide to the therapeutic Japanese practice of shinrin-yoku, or the art and science of how trees can promote health and happiness Notice how a tree sways in the wind. Run your hands over its bark. Take in its citrusy scent. As a society we suffer from nature deficit disorder, but studies have shown that spending mindful, intentional time around trees--what the Japanese call shinrin-yoku, or forest bathing--can promote health and happiness. In this beautiful book--featuring more than 100 color photographs from forests around the world, including the forest therapy trails that criss-cross Japan--Dr. Qing Li, the world's foremost expert in forest medicine, shows how forest bathing can reduce your stress levels and blood pressure, strengthen your immune and cardiovascular systems, boost your energy, mood, creativity, and concentration, and even help you lose weight and live longer. Once you've discovered the healing power of trees, you can lose yourself in the beauty of your surroundings, leave everyday stress behind, and reach a place of greater calm and wellness.

The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down

The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down
  • Author : Anne Fadiman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-09-30
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 1429931116
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Summary : Winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award for Nonfiction When three-month-old Lia Lee Arrived at the county hospital emergency room in Merced, California, a chain of events was set in motion from which neither she nor her parents nor her doctors would ever recover. Lia's parents, Foua and Nao Kao, were part of a large Hmong community in Merced, refugees from the CIA-run "Quiet War" in Laos. The Hmong, traditionally a close-knit and fiercely people, have been less amenable to assimilation than most immigrants, adhering steadfastly to the rituals and beliefs of their ancestors. Lia's pediatricians, Neil Ernst and his wife, Peggy Philip, cleaved just as strongly to another tradition: that of Western medicine. When Lia Lee Entered the American medical system, diagnosed as an epileptic, her story became a tragic case history of cultural miscommunication. Parents and doctors both wanted the best for Lia, but their ideas about the causes of her illness and its treatment could hardly have been more different. The Hmong see illness aand healing as spiritual matters linked to virtually everything in the universe, while medical community marks a division between body and soul, and concerns itself almost exclusively with the former. Lia's doctors ascribed her seizures to the misfiring of her cerebral neurons; her parents called her illness, qaug dab peg--the spirit catches you and you fall down--and ascribed it to the wandering of her soul. The doctors prescribed anticonvulsants; her parents preferred animal sacrifices.

Genes, Behavior, and the Social Environment

Genes, Behavior, and the Social Environment
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Assessing Interactions Among Social, Behavioral, and Genetic Factors in Health
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-07
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780309101967
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Summary : Over the past century, we have made great strides in reducing rates of disease and enhancing people's general health. Public health measures such as sanitation, improved hygiene, and vaccines; reduced hazards in the workplace; new drugs and clinical procedures; and, more recently, a growing understanding of the human genome have each played a role in extending the duration and raising the quality of human life. But research conducted over the past few decades shows us that this progress, much of which was based on investigating one causative factor at a time—often, through a single discipline or by a narrow range of practitioners—can only go so far. Genes, Behavior, and the Social Environment examines a number of well-described gene-environment interactions, reviews the state of the science in researching such interactions, and recommends priorities not only for research itself but also for its workforce, resource, and infrastructural needs.

Autism

Autism
  • Author : Michael Fitzgerald,Jane Yip
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-12
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9789535130796
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Summary : This book opens with a discussion of neurodiversity and an elaboration of the diagnosis of autism. It then examines factors correlating with autism, including sex bias, month of birth, migration and impact of infant feeding. The next section is on the impact of autism. The neurobiology and genetic section deals with epigenetics and intracellular pathways associated with etiology. The development and behaviour section deals with proprioceptive profiles and joint attention in autism. The final section focuses on interventions including mindfulness, animal assisted activity, social/cultural perspective on autism intervention and physical activity. The book is relevant to all professionals and researchers working with persons with autism, including psychiatrists/psychologists, speech and language therapists, occupational therapists, teachers, nurses and care workers.

Counselling for Maternal and Newborn Health Care

Counselling for Maternal and Newborn Health Care
  • Author : World Health Organization. Department of Making Pregnancy Safer,World Health Organization
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9789241547628
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Summary : The main aim of this practical Handbook is to strengthen counselling and communication skills of skilled attendants (SAs) and other health providers, helping them to effectively discuss with women, families and communities the key issues surrounding pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum, postnatal and post-abortion care. The MNH Counselling Handbook is chiefly designed to be used by groups of SAs with the help of a facilitator. It can also be used by individual SAs who can get together with colleagues for discussions and activities where needed. It relies on a self-directed learning approach, allowing SAs to work at their own pace, drawing on their past counselling experience. The way it is used will be determined by each country s context, and the SAs preference. The MNH Counselling Handbook is divided into three main sections. Part 1 is an introduction which describes the aims and objectives and the general layout of the Handbook. Part 2 describes the counselling process and outlines the six key steps to effective counselling. It explores the counselling context and factors that influence this context including the socio-economic, gender, and cultural environment. A series of guiding principles is introduced and specific counselling skills are outlined. Part 3 focuses on different maternal and newborn health topics, including general care in the home during pregnancy; birth and emergency planning; danger signs in pregnancy; post-abortion care; support during labour; postnatal care of the mother and newborn; family planning counselling; breastfeeding; women with HIV/AIDS; death and bereavement; women and violence; linking with the community. Each Session contains specific aims and objectives, clearly outlining the skills that will be developed and corresponding learning outcomes. Practical activities have been designed to encourage reflection, provoke discussions, build skills and ensure the local relevance of information. There is a review at the end of each session to ensure the SAs have understood the key points before they progress to subsequent sessions.

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition
  • Author : Hellen Gelband,Susan Horton,Prabhat Jha,Ramanan Laxminarayan,Charles N. Mock,Rachel Nugent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-06
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 146480527X
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Summary : Annotation This volume discusses health system policies (including financing global health, quality of care, and strengthening regulatory systems in low- and middle-income countries), as well as the methods and resources used throughout all DCP3 volumes.

Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures

Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
  • Author : Mary Baker Eddy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1896
  • Total pages :663
  • ISBN : HARVARD:HWNNTY
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Summary :

Statistics on U.S. Immigration

Statistics on U.S. Immigration
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics and Committee on Population
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-07-27
  • Total pages :104
  • ISBN : 9780309052757
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Summary : The growing importance of immigration in the United States today prompted this examination of the adequacy of U.S. immigration data. This volume summarizes data needs in four areas: immigration trends, assimilation and impacts, labor force issues, and family and social networks. It includes recommendations on additional sources for the data needed for program and research purposes, and new questions and refinements of questions within existing data sources to improve the understanding of immigration and immigrant trends.

How People Learn II

How People Learn II
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on How People Learn II: The Science and Practice of Learning
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-27
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9780309459679
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Summary : There are many reasons to be curious about the way people learn, and the past several decades have seen an explosion of research that has important implications for individual learning, schooling, workforce training, and policy. In 2000, How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition was published and its influence has been wide and deep. The report summarized insights on the nature of learning in school-aged children; described principles for the design of effective learning environments; and provided examples of how that could be implemented in the classroom. Since then, researchers have continued to investigate the nature of learning and have generated new findings related to the neurological processes involved in learning, individual and cultural variability related to learning, and educational technologies. In addition to expanding scientific understanding of the mechanisms of learning and how the brain adapts throughout the lifespan, there have been important discoveries about influences on learning, particularly sociocultural factors and the structure of learning environments. How People Learn II: Learners, Contexts, and Cultures provides a much-needed update incorporating insights gained from this research over the past decade. The book expands on the foundation laid out in the 2000 report and takes an in-depth look at the constellation of influences that affect individual learning. How People Learn II will become an indispensable resource to understand learning throughout the lifespan for educators of students and adults.

Families Caring for an Aging America

Families Caring for an Aging America
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Family Caregiving for Older Adults
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-08
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9780309448093
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Summary : Family caregiving affects millions of Americans every day, in all walks of life. At least 17.7 million individuals in the United States are caregivers of an older adult with a health or functional limitation. The nation's family caregivers provide the lion's share of long-term care for our older adult population. They are also central to older adults' access to and receipt of health care and community-based social services. Yet the need to recognize and support caregivers is among the least appreciated challenges facing the aging U.S. population. Families Caring for an Aging America examines the prevalence and nature of family caregiving of older adults and the available evidence on the effectiveness of programs, supports, and other interventions designed to support family caregivers. This report also assesses and recommends policies to address the needs of family caregivers and to minimize the barriers that they encounter in trying to meet the needs of older adults.

Teaching with Poverty in Mind

Teaching with Poverty in Mind
  • Author : Eric Jensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :184
  • ISBN : 9781416608844
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Summary : Examines the effects of long-term poverty on the brains of poor children and identifies several positive factors and strategies which can improve their academic success.

Changing Cultural and Social Norms that Support Violence [electronic Resource]

Changing Cultural and Social Norms that Support Violence [electronic Resource]
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :16
  • ISBN : 9241598336
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Summary :