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YY1 in the Control of the Pathogenesis and Drug Resistance of Cancer

YY1 in the Control of the Pathogenesis and Drug Resistance of Cancer
  • Author : Benjamin Bonavida
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-02
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780128226360
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Summary : YY1 Is Pivotal in the Control of the Pathogenesis and Drug Resistance of Cancer: A Critical Therapeutic Target describes the current state-of-the-art of the transcription factor YY1 that is overexpressed in the majority of cancers and a central factor that regulates all of the major features and characteristics of human cancers. This book emphasizes the biochemical, molecular and genetic underlying mechanisms by which YY1 regulates its pro-cancerous activities. In addition, it also describes the role of YY1 in the regulation of tumor cell resistance to conventional chemo and immunotherapies and the important role of inhibiting YY1 in cancer. This book is a valuable source for cancer researchers, oncologists and several members of medical and biomedical field who are interested in understanding further the role of YY1 in cancer. Provides a thorough understanding of the underlying mechanisms by which YY1 regulates cancer cell phenotype and unique characteristics Discusses the novel mechanisms of YY1 regulation of tumor cell resistance and means to overcome resistance Encompasses new examples of newly developed non-toxic and selective inhibitors targeting YY1

Prognostic and Therapeutic Applications of Rkip in Cancer

Prognostic and Therapeutic Applications of Rkip in Cancer
  • Author : Benjamin Bonavida,Stavroula Baritaki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-02
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9780128196120
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Summary : Prognostic and Therapeutic Applications of RKIP in Cancer provides updated reviews on the chemistry, signaling, pre-clinical and clinical activities, and role of RKIP expression levels for diagnostics, prognosis and potential interventions. The development of novel compounds and conjugates that selectively induce RKIP expression in cancer open a novel era of new therapeutics and their potential in the treatment of highly resistant cancers and metastases. Edited and written by internationally renowned experts in the field of novel therapeutics for cancer, this book is a valuable source for cancer researchers, medical scientists, clinicians, clinical pharmacologists, and graduate students. Provides an update from experts in the field on diagnostics, prognostics and therapeutics Brings a clear overview of recent findings and references, as well as summaries, significant molecular pathways, and conclusions in each chapter Provides a general introductory chapter on contributions in the field and a chapter summary, with synthesized findings and a projection of future goals

Prognostic and Therapeutic Applications of Rkip in Cancer

Prognostic and Therapeutic Applications of Rkip in Cancer
  • Author : Benjamin Bonavida,Stavroula Baritaki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-02
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9780128196120
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Summary : Prognostic and Therapeutic Applications of RKIP in Cancer provides updated reviews on the chemistry, signaling, pre-clinical and clinical activities, and role of RKIP expression levels for diagnostics, prognosis and potential interventions. The development of novel compounds and conjugates that selectively induce RKIP expression in cancer open a novel era of new therapeutics and their potential in the treatment of highly resistant cancers and metastases. Edited and written by internationally renowned experts in the field of novel therapeutics for cancer, this book is a valuable source for cancer researchers, medical scientists, clinicians, clinical pharmacologists, and graduate students. Provides an update from experts in the field on diagnostics, prognostics and therapeutics Brings a clear overview of recent findings and references, as well as summaries, significant molecular pathways, and conclusions in each chapter Provides a general introductory chapter on contributions in the field and a chapter summary, with synthesized findings and a projection of future goals

Drug Resistance in Cancer Cells

Drug Resistance in Cancer Cells
  • Author : Kapil Mehta,Zahid H. Siddik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-12
  • Total pages :363
  • ISBN : 0387894454
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Summary : It was estimated that in 2008, 1,437,180 patients would receive a new cancer diagnosisand 565,650individualswould die of cancer (Jemal et al. 2008).Since the vast majority of patients dying of cancer will have had anticancer therapy, both c- ventional chemotherapy and novel targeted therapy, it can be concluded that these patients are dying with drug resistant cancer. The term multidrug resistance is also apt – in that these patients die after having undergone multiple rounds of different and structurally unrelated cancer therapies. However, for some, the concept of m- tidrug resistance is a worn out idea, stemming from disappointment with the drug resistancereversalstrategiesthatwerecarriedoutinthe1990susingpumpinhibitors to block drug resistance mediated by P-glycoprotein, product of the MDR-1 gene. However, if one takes the larger de?nition – multidrug resistance as simultaneous resistance to multiple structurally unrelated anticancer therapies – its existence c- not be denied. The purpose of this book is to explore new concepts related to drug resistance in cancer, including resistance to the new molecularly targeted agents. Perhaps new terminology is needed for resistance that occurs following therapy with the targeted agents: Novel Targeted Agent Resistance (NTR). Alternatively, we can return to the original de?nition of multidrug resistance as simply the res- tance to multipleagents that occurs in the course of normalcancer progression.This resistance is likely to be mediated by many factors.

Cancer Stem Cell Resistance to Targeted Therapy

Cancer Stem Cell Resistance to Targeted Therapy
  • Author : Cristina Maccalli,Matilde Todaro,Soldano Ferrone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-04
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9783030166243
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Summary : This book represents an up-dated summary of the state of the art of the characterization of cancer stem cell/ cancer initiating cell (CSC/CIC) properties. An overview of the definition and biological properties of CSCs/CICs as well as the role of these cells in determining the resistance to standard and immune-based therapies is provided. It also discusses limitations in the achievement of a definitive biological characterization of CSCs/CICs due to their high extent of plasticity and heterogeneity that is also mutually driven by the interaction of these cells with the tumor microenvironment. The limitations in targeting CSCs/CICs with immunotherapy are also explained together with explorative combination approaches that could increase the susceptibility of these cells to the recognition by immune cells. This book is conceived for a broad audience, including students, teachers, scientific experts. The critical revision of available results in terms of immunological profile of CSCs/CICs and the efficacy in targeting these cells by immunological approaches, results in a comprehensive and up to date recapitulation of the field and provides interesting suggestions on how to focus future investigations in order to assess the role of CSCs/CICs as prognostic and predictive biomarkers of responsiveness to therapies for cancer patients.

Cancer Research

Cancer Research
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924108291802
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Summary :

Persistent Viral Infections

Persistent Viral Infections
  • Author : R. Ahmed,Irvin S. Y. Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :738
  • ISBN : 0471980838
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Summary : Persistent Viral Infections Edited by Rafi Ahmed Emory Vaccine Center, Atlanta, USA and Irvin S. Y. Chen UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA During the past decade much of our attention has focused on diseases associated with viral persistence. Major breakthroughs in immunology, and the advent of molecular approaches to study pathogenesis have increased our understanding of the complex virus-host interactions that occur during viral persistence. Persistent Viral Infections focuses on: * The pathogenesis and immunology of chronic infections * Animal models that provide, or have the potential to provide, major insights This volume will be essential reading for virologists, immunologists, oncologists and neurologists.

Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer

Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer
  • Author : International Agency for Research on Cancer,Cancerregisteret (Denmark)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :155
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822003764586
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Summary : This volume reviews the evidence for a causal link between sexually transmitted infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) and the occurrence of cervical cancer, from a variety of different angles. Epidemiological studies and clinical, pathological, and cytological aspects of HPV infection are reviewed. Modern methods for analyzing HPV-DNA types by molecular biological techniques are described, and the statistical problems to be overcome in epidemiological work are explained. The volume was prepared by a broad team of experts from around the world, who met in Copenhagen in March 1988 to reach a consensus on the present state of understanding and to establish directions for future work.

Molecular Therapies of Cancer

Molecular Therapies of Cancer
  • Author : Georg F. Weber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-22
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9783319132785
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Summary : Molecular Therapies of Cancer comprehensively covers the molecular mechanisms of anti-cancer drug actions in a comparably systematic fashion. While there is currently available a great deal of literature on anti-cancer drugs, books on the subject are often concoctions of invited review articles superficially connected to one another. There is a lack of comprehensive and systematic text on the topic of molecular therapies in cancer. A further deficit in the relevant literature is a progressive sub-specialization that typically limits textbooks on cancer drugs to cover either pharmacology or medicinal chemistry or signal transduction, rather than explaining molecular drug actions across all those areas; Molecular Therapies of Cancer fills this void. The book is divided into five sections: 1. Molecular Targeting of Cancer Cells; 2. Emerging and Alternative Treatment Modalities; 3. Molecular Targeting of Tumor-Host Interactions; 4. Anti-Cancer Drug Pharmacokinetics; and 5. Supportive Therapies.

Regulation of Cytokine Gene Expression in Immunity and Diseases

Regulation of Cytokine Gene Expression in Immunity and Diseases
  • Author : Xiaojing Ma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-12
  • Total pages :225
  • ISBN : 9789402409215
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Summary : This book explores the major cytokines, such as IL-1 and IFN-γ, with respect to the regulation of their gene expression and protein production in specific immune cell types. It discusses both healthy physiological settings and in pathological situations in which the expression of some cytokines could be dysregulated, resulting in either immunodeficiency or exacerbated inflammatory sequelae in animal models as well as in human patients. Cytokines are important regulators of immune responses that require the highly coordinated participation and communication of multiple cell types. The expression of cytokines by various producer cell types is therefore carefully regulated in response to environmental cues at multiple levels: transcription, translation and posttranslational modification. Presenting cutting-edge advances in our understanding of the regulation of cytokine expression, this book is a valuable resource for anyone involved or interested in immune regulation.

Epigenetics and Cancer

Epigenetics and Cancer
  • Author : Fazlul H. Sarkar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-29
  • Total pages :287
  • ISBN : 9789400766129
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Summary : Overall, this book illustrates the complexities of the regulation and deregulation of genes mediated through epigenetics in the development and progression of human malignancies. All the articles have been carefully chosen to represent several cancer systems with state of our knowledge on the role of epigenetic deregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target mRNAs along with epigenetic deregulation of mRNAs. This book also illustrates the role of several dietary agents, collectively called nutraceuticals or natural agents in modulating the epigenetic reprogramming of miRNAs and mRNAs for the prevention and/or treatment of human malignancies. It is well known that genetic aberrations, especially inherited through parents (somatic genetic alterations) contribute to the development of less than 10% of all cancer yet epigenetic alterations in genes especially through selective methylation and acetylation appears to be responsible for the development and progression of the vast majority of all cancers. Therefore, understanding the role of epigenetics in the regulation of genes especially through deregulated expression of miRNAs as presented in this book will allow scientists to devise targeted therapeutic strategies for re-expression of the lost genes or down-regulate the genes that are over-expressed in order to eradicate cancer. It is hoped that targeting epigenetics will not only target cancer cells but it will also target the tumor microenvironment (more like the entire tumor environment such as the entire host) for achieving better treatment outcomes for patients diagnosed with cancer which will lead to achieve the long-term objective for complete eradication of cancer. This book contains fifteen chapters which begins with the concept of systems and network biology for investigating the epigenetics of cancer followed by a series of articles on the role of miRNAs and their target genes in the biology of pancreatic cancer and other cancers such as breast, kidney, prostate and and colon. Since it is becoming increasingly clear that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are important in the development and progression of cancer, and CSCs are important in therapeutic resistance, treatment failure and tumor recurrence, thus the importance of CSCs and epigenetics has been highlighted by a very timely article on epigenetic variations of stem cell markers in cancer including miRNAs. Moreover, just targeting heterogeneous cancer cell populations may not be optimal to eradicate tumors and for which one must take a holistic approach for developing drugs that could also target the tumor microenvironment and tumor dormancy that are regulated through epigenetics. Keeping abreast with this thought process the concluding chapter provides a concept towards curative cancer therapy with maspin, which could be a unique window of opportunity to target tumor dormancy. Therefore, it suggest that targeting the tumor dormancy and the tumor microenvironment using novel therapeutics specifically by targeting epigenetics would become the future of medicine.

The Lung

The Lung
  • Author : Kent Pinkerton,Richard Harding
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-23
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9780128002889
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Summary : The second edition of The Lung: Development, Aging and the Environment provides an understanding of the multi-faceted nature of lung development, aging, and how the environment influences these processes. As an essential resource to respiratory, pulmonary, and thoracic scientists and physicians it provides an interface between the “normal and “disease cluster of chapters, allowing for a natural complement to each other. The interface between different lung diseases affecting the pediatric lung also adds a useful source for comparing how different lung diseases share key pathophysiological features. This same complementarity comes across in the logical line up of chapters dealing with the “normal pediatric lung. New research, including cell-based strategies for infant lung function, epigenetics, and prenatal alcohol exposure on lung development and function are some of the important additions to this edition of this reference work. Describes the normal processes of lung development, growth and aging Considers the effects of the environmental contaminants in the air, water, soil, and diet on lung development, growth and health Describes genetic factors involved in susceptibility to lung disease Covers respiratory health risk in children

Role of Transcription Factors in Gastrointestinal Malignancies

Role of Transcription Factors in Gastrointestinal Malignancies
  • Author : Ganji Purnachandra Nagaraju,Pallaval Veera Bramhachari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-27
  • Total pages :513
  • ISBN : 9789811067280
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Summary : This book illustrates the importance of transcription factors in gastrointestinal cancer progression and metastasis with regard to understanding the mechanism and target definition in drug discovery. Further, it describes the complex issues associated with cancer cell growth and metastasis. The respective chapters provide detailed information on the various types of transcription factors (NF-kB, HIF-1, STAT-3, E2F1, and Sp1) and gastric-associated cancers (esophagus, stomach, colorectal, liver and pancreatic cancers) in connection with specific functional studies like cell cycle, angiogenesis, migration, invasion and apoptosis. These transcription factors control the expression of several signaling pathways involved in tumor growth, making them ideal targets for gastrointestinal cancer therapy. In closing, the book provides comprehensive descriptions of the major challenges associated with gastrointestinal cancer therapy.

Current Applications for Overcoming Resistance to Targeted Therapies

Current Applications for Overcoming Resistance to Targeted Therapies
  • Author : Myron R. Szewczuk,Bessi Qorri,Manpreet Sambi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-15
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9783030214777
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Summary : Targeted therapies were initially developed to exploit the upregulation and dependence on key oncogenic pathways critical to cancer progression. Additionally, they also presented as a method to overcome chemoresistance by supplementing conventional therapeutic regimens with targeted therapies. However, the development of resistance to these combinatorial approaches has led to the reassessment of currently available therapeutic options to overcome resistance to targeted therapy. This book aims to provide an update on the advancements in the therapeutic arms race between cancer, clinicians and scientists alike to overcome resistance to targeted therapies. Subject experts provide a comprehensive overview of the challenges and solutions to resistance to several conventional targeted therapies in addition to providing a discussion on broad topics including targeting components of the tumor microenvironment, emerging therapeutic options, and novel areas to be explored concerning nanotechnology and the epigenome.

Colitis-Associated Cancer

Colitis-Associated Cancer
  • Author : Masato Kusunoki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-01
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9784431555223
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Summary : As the number of patients with colitis-associated cancer (CAC) is on the increase, the purpose of this book is to review the latest topics concerning management of the disease. In recent years, the diagnostic power of endoscopy and molecular pathology has also grown tremendously, as a result of which they now have a far greater influence on the treatment of CAC. At the moment, appropriate monitoring programs for ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease remain uncertain. At the same time, the latest findings on DNA methylation and microRNAs hold the promise of making revolutionary changes in these areas. Moreover, recent drug advances in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases have changed surgical indications. On the other hand, the indication of mucosectomy on colorectal cancer in ulcerative colitis and prophylactic abdominoperineal resection for Crohn’s disease remain controversial. This book provides the latest information on the remaining issues of CAC from the point of view of expert surgeons.

Transporters in Drug Discovery and Development

Transporters in Drug Discovery and Development
  • Author : Yurong Lai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-22
  • Total pages :780
  • ISBN : 9781908818287
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Summary : Written by a leading researcher in the field, Transporters in Drug Discovery and Development provides a comprehensive and practical guide to drug transporter families that are the most important for drug discovery and development. It covers: an overview of transporter families and organ distribution; clinical relevant drug-drug interaction; clinical relevant polymorphism; drug transporter related pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamics and toxicity; in vitro/in vivo probes of drug transport studies; the practical methodologies of industrial transporter screening and translational aspect in drug discovery and developments. A comprehensive overview of drug transporter families and their clinical relevance in drug discovery and development Balanced coverage of molecular biology aspects and functional outcomes State of art knowledge related to transporter-mediated DDI and the clinical relevance in pharmacokinetics, dynamics, and toxicity

Index Medicus

Index Medicus
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32436011091178
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Summary :

Engineered Zinc Finger Proteins

Engineered Zinc Finger Proteins
  • Author : Joel P. Mackay,David J. Segal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-09
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 1607617528
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Summary : Among the many types of DNA binding domains, C2H2 zinc finger proteins (ZFPs) have proven to be the most malleable for creating custom DNA-binding proteins. In Engineered Zinc Finger Proteins: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers from some of the most active laboratories in this field present detailed methods, guidance, and perspectives. The volume contains sections covering the engineering of ZFPs, methods for the creation, evaluation, and delivery of artificial transcription factors (ATFs), methods for the creation and evaluation of zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), and a collection of the several applications and assays beyond ATFs and ZFNs, including zinc finger transposases and ChIP-seq methodology amongst other subjects. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Engineered Zinc Finger Proteins: Methods and Protocols aims to aid both seasoned practitioners and new investigators with its vital methods and insights as they seek to create the next generation of engineered ZFPs and applications.

Nutrition and Skeletal Muscle

Nutrition and Skeletal Muscle
  • Author : Stéphane Walrand
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-24
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9780128104101
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Summary : Nutrition and Skeletal Muscle provides coverage of the evidence of dietary components that have proven beneficial for bettering adverse changes in skeletal muscle from disuse and aging. Skeletal muscle is the largest tissue in the body, providing elements of contraction and locomotion and acting as an important contributor to whole body protein and amino metabolism, glucose disposal and lipid metabolism. However, muscle loss, atrophy or weakness can occur when there are metabolic imbalances, disuse or aging. This book addresses the topic by providing insight and research from international leaders, making it the go-to reference for those in skeletal muscle physiology. Provides an understanding of the crucial role of skeletal muscle in global metabolic homeostasis regulation Delivers the information needed to understand the utilization of crucial supplements for the preservation of skeletal muscle Presents insights on research from international leaders in the field

MicroRNAs in Development

MicroRNAs in Development
  • Author : Eran Hornstein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : 9780123870384
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Summary : This new volume in the Current topics in Developmental Biology series concentrates on MicroRNAs in Development. It includes chapters on such topics as miRNA networks in neuronal development, let-7 in development, and Hox networks and miRNA. With an international team of authors, this volume is a must-have addition for researchers and students alike. Concentrates on microRNAs in development Includes chapters on such topics as miRNA networks in neuronal development, let-7 in development, and Hox networks and miRNA With an international team of authors, this volume is a must-have addition for researchers and students alike

Nitric Oxide and Cancer: Pathogenesis and Therapy

Nitric Oxide and Cancer: Pathogenesis and Therapy
  • Author : Benjamin Bonavida
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-12
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9783319136110
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Summary : Advances in Nitric Oxide and Cancer is a volume that serves to give the latest research on nitric oxide (NO) and cancer. More specifically, the volume reviews significant advances in the application of NO-mediated drugs. The volume explores nitric oxide and its relationship to cancer spanning from its roles in the pathogenesis, prognosis, gene and protein modifications, regulation of resistance to cytotoxics, and therapeutic applications. With chapters written by leading experts, the volume addresses the burgeoning interest in a rapidly advancing field and provides a valuable resource to scientists who have initiated research as well as clinical investigations in their laboratories on the various roles of NO and cancer.